Newspaper Page Text
MARIU3 li.ROBIXSOX, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
AKK PEARSOX, PUnUSIIIXO AGEXT.
VOL. 12. NO. 22.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1S57.
WHOLE NO. 5SS.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the New York Evening Post.
A NEGRO REVOLT IN CHARLESTON.
Attempts at 'insurrection by slave have their
origin, as a general tiling, in the cruelties to which
they are the victims. Thev ar nut m-Iuil thpv am
represented tu be liy the ultra Southern press
indirection with proconcioved plans j the? nre
mere tmeutea, the participator beiiur maddened
and gouded to seek mi immediate revenge. 'I'o thai
end of illustrating this, by an example llint may
be takeu us h counter nut of nine tenths of those ,
which occur Irum ycur to yea.-, I pmposo giving u
few facts in relation to the one which took place ;
at the Charleston Workhouse in the year 1849. j
inis insurrection, ns it whs then misnamed, fas
beaded by the "Boy Nicholas. " Various rep.. r in
of this affair have none nhroaci. I, however, up-!
prehctid that tho facts of tho case nre very imper-1
fectly known outside id Chariest the new-spa-!""
per report! being highly colored and in liarmoiiy I
only with thu fears and apprehensions of their au-j
Insurrections are phantoms that rise up,
are magnified in, and continually haunt the imngi- I
natlun of the Southerner. In tine, they exist only I
la bis fears, where they become gisnts which, j
be fanoies, can only be overthrown by the most i
j . - , . .. .-.
uespernte means. Ann yet tins very Southerner!,
is the man who talks must profanely of dissolving 1
the Union, and thereby protecting his favorite in-
titution, which alike excites his fears and u,. !
sorbs his energies, lie forgets that such an un-'
hrllowed event would find him with the rust of !
Christendom his enemy. Nicholas was a bright !
mulatto man, tall of figure, with straight black I
' hair and finely developed leatuies. lie wiu uf n i
restless spirit, quick tu resent nn insult, audi"1'0
singularly intelligent. And although ,e!
the yoke of bis slavery with seeming sub-1
mission, there were tunes when bo would disnlnv u '
will to maintain his manliness. His mother
or Indian extraction, and said to have been kid
napped itit i shivery when a child. Tho Indian
bluod coursing in his veins may, in a measure, ac
count fm the uubending spirit bo evinced nnder
trial. Nicholas was a stucco-worker, by trade
undone of the most skillful workmen in Clou les
ion. His master, a man of the name of ICelly,
than whom no tyrant could be more cruel, prom
ised hitn Ms Freedom (for which Ins very soul
had yearned) on payment of a stipulatied sum.
The slave, inspired by the hope of bettering Ids
condition, labored extra hours, frequently until
midnight, until he nciuuulutcd nearlj one-h-tlf of
the requisite sum. This ho paid to Kelly, only
to find his confidence betrayed. Kelly refused
either to fulfil the bargain or return the money.
This S3 incensed Nicholas that he resolved, with
feelings nuturat to a man basely defrauded of hi
hard earnings to work no longer for an unjust
mister, wuoui i,o nia iicnancn. lie was tortured
but t-trure availed nothing. He was sent to New Or
leans for s tie; but not fiuding a purchaser, be was
brought baok to Charleston. Still he refused to
work for the man as lie said, who had betrayed
him. Ha asserted boldly his determination to die
ratberihun yield to ike demands of bis master;
nor did tbo lash, which had well-nigh cut t. i til to
pieces, serve to subdue his spirit. After a time
he was placed in Ihe slavc-p.-n of one Gadsdou,
where he sutl'ere I tortures it would make lie's
heart sick to 'describe. He declared be would die
in the struggle for hi. rights. An attempt was
gain mado- to send him to Now Oi lcans. The
officers, headed by one McNamara, a countable,
entered the cell for the purpvse of carrying out
the design. Although he was chained by ihe leg
to a ring Und taut in tho floor, he drew a knife he
had kept concealed in his bosoin, and w ith it dis
armed the const idle, inflicting a deep wound in
his arm. Nicholas, goaded to in lioness, swore he
Would not again bo seperated Iroin bis family
for he was married. Forced to capture hitn in hi
pen with ropes, alter the manner of nn infuriated
animal, his capr.ors bound him to the tail of a can
and, followed by a savage mob, lie was dragged,
almost lifeless, to jail. Tin tnajo'ty of the law
had been outraged ! Whiln in jail ihe most cruel
punishments were resorted to, in the hope nf ex
torting a confession that ho bad intended to kill
MuNamara.' His resolution nt length gav out.
and he confessed to an intention he never bad en
tertained. Ho was then tried before a court ol
thrye freeholders and two judicial magistrates (I
hare described his trial at length, in a book called
'Our World"). (1) found guilty and sentenced to
be banged. Thu day was set apart for the penal
ty ; but a kind voice the voice of a true-henrled
Southerner interposed in his behal1', nnd bis
case was carried before tho Court of Appeal,
which issued an order Corn now trial. The order
was issued on the ground that eudence bad been
extorted bv cruelty.
The insult of tho seemid trial was that ho wnsj
found guilry'of an assault upon a whito man, and
sentoneed to three years' close confinement in the I
workhouse, at hard labor. In addition to this, it
was ordered ' that five blows of the puddle bo in
flicted ns d punishment on the first of each month.
The keeper of the workhouse, h iwever, regard
less of the sentence, set about turninij the slave's
ingenuity to profit. He granted him numerous I
privileges, necnriteii him the Ireeaoin ol Hie yard,
him. to work at making ornamental stucco, and j
put the profits into his own pocket. Nicholas ,
touk advantage uf his position tu make hiinsoif a
favorite with his fellow-prisuners, who stood ready
follow his lead. I
Seperated from his family, the convicted man j
became enamored of a beuu.iful mulatto girl who
bad been consigned to the workhouse by one Gil-j
enrwt. a slave-broker to await a purchaser. It was
.,,,,0. o.i.iog Mceo iiiiuii in i.ikb tins wo-
....... ... ot, ,i,ug iii vioouocoitoib ojr vjiicurisi,
and one Austin that iho entente, of which so much
has boon said. Kas excited. What followed 1 have
described in "Our World," (2) and ns it would be
impossible for me at this moment to draw a inure
faithful piutuie, I may be excused fur insertiug it!
"A year and two months have rolled into the
past since Nicholas, a convict, touk up his abode
Tithin the four walls nf the workhouse, lie had i
wved out thus much of Puddle's 'merciful' sent-j"e"d
,enoe. During the silent hours uf night, fast se-
outsj in his dreary cell, had he cherished and even ! 'v
in hU dreams fancied, the moans of escaping into
.freedom wi'iiuh hud been the day drean. of!tw'een
hisdife- But dearly did he love the' woman to !
whose keeping ho confided the secret nf his heart,
UiiviHg secured tha confidence of Fladge (tho I
keeDsri. be might hnve effected his own escape
but the aduiuuiiian of a faithful heart prompted
hint not to leave her behind in slavery. To that
dmnnitiua he yielded, and swore to secure her
freedom will bis own. Not many days had elaps
ed since he disclosed his resolution, to her
wbeo there appeared at the workhouse the tall
figure .of Guy Grantham. He had come for tha
purpose of carrjing away the woman, whom he
bad sold for the Washington market, where her
charms would indeed be of mush value.
"Already were tho t illing chains about her
bands, and the miserablu woman, in tears, about
to be led away unobserved by Nicholas. A com
panion hastened lo him, in his studio, whore he
had just complete! a stucco ornament, and whis
pered the nows in bis ear. With almost light
ning quicknoss he buundad from his 'studio,' the
anger of his very soul aroused to madness, and
rescued the woman before she had loft the gato.
Ilaving done this, be drew a long stilieto from his
belt, and placing himsolf between her and her pur
pursuer, lid hiui defiance. This, according to
tlav-e law, was robeljion and would have justified
he summary process Griintliinn w iih about adopt
iug for the oisposnl of thu instigator, nt whose
head lia leveled his rovolvrr, nnd Kttittctl i w ic
without elicit. At this, Nicholas bared hi bo,
"in. find taunted hi in with tliu ephithet uf cuwnid!
Mr. Fladge, who now became conscious of (he er
ror of his indulgence, could not permit Onin
ilium ti practice his In aver? upon n t-lvn entrust
ed to lug care: he culled in
gnardmen, und euinuiiindirig Grantham to lnj.siilo
' weapon, proceeded to hold 11 pin Icy tuth N ich
,'1, beliue taking his life. But hi. winds loll
u"eles, lor Nicholas caught the woman uji in his
j"""' '"'r,! 'ler- defiantly ti. n block of wood ui the
"'"" end uf the yard, mid with his bummer
"-ifned the chums Irom her hands, i.nd hurled
t,iel" ' the air. 'Murder me. und not the
'nuii I he shouted ; and, ns lie did so, the guard
"u" 1 uul " nrst niarm peiii, w Inch .vas re-
e''"."1'11 "ver lhe eity, and threw it into a tumult ol
excitement. The net was the work of a moment,
''V1.1"''" u:,,t " glance upward at tlio ulurin-bull.
'!' """'"U 'd' the object lor which it hud peal-
eJ l"nl' ""''emn music, then turned n look ol
!!""t.el"l't "!."'" ndvei-saries, who were muster
tbors. !'nK '" considerable force. Suddenly they made a
- i"a.o upon liim, hut liefm-e ihey had secured liitn
8 ""-'"'d a bludgeon, and with the aid of his
eoiiniuniims, who armed with small, sharp pointed
,t" bummers, rallied to his delense, n-pclled
t hm. .. ..b w,...:.. .i.:.. i Ti..i . ..
rmiuanie uouy tliu
me am in sntiw ten
""-Metily come to the rescue, Mr. Fladge and his
f"!,su t,a(:k' wi uught a refuge in the guard
r"'' f he building. Nicholas was now in full
P'l'essioii ot tliu yard, and w hat, with tho eonster
""""" n"J cot.lusioii that ti iiiuiphed within the
W"M".." wiionly with great iH'ort that be could
companions (rum taking possess-
'"" "'' ''ie '!UI11''' r'""11 and putting to death those
"'"'K1'1 " refuge therein. As he had
placed himself between the woman nnd Iter pur
bore "'"'l1!" ""'d place himself before atilool
jiauioii., w ho, with bAUle-hammers raised.
nslwere lu-hiiig to the great gates as thu bell rang
lout Its M-eiiiid alarm peal Calmly but firmly did
i... i .... i it....,,. . . J
oc npi'di hi iiieni. ne wciuni not nave them coin
mil an ouirago nuninst lite. He told them that,
having thus suddenly and unexpectedly been
plunged inlo what was held by the laws of the
State an insurrection, they in .st merely stand on
the defensive, and remember that it were l etter to
din dulending tlicir rights than livo abject slaves.
"And w hile Nicholis was addressing' his forlorn
baud w ithin thu walls of the workhouse, strati "e
iinieed was the scene of confusion presented alo ig
ihe streets of the city. A inesscneer lo.d In. pi,
dispatched to warn the civil iiuihorilics, who, in
their turn, issued orders to vail out the military
N'ot a moment was to be lost. The great bell on
St Nicholas's Church an..wercd the alarm peals
with two loud tolls, an ominous admonition to the
citizens. Simultaneously tho city echoed and re
echoed with (lie report of a bloody insurrection
Men in lirea'hlosa suspense awaited bin
tho looiniiig ul the cannon ero they rushed to
"In that portion of the city where commerce is
most busy, men with anxiety written un thuii
countenances; men not kuo iog whither to pro
ceed, bad gathered about street corners, discuss,
ing the most direct means of safety. Ladies were
seeking their homes in fright; nuw asking qua.
lions ot hurrving men whooo intense excilituuient
had carried oT their power of speech, then shun
ning every luckless negro who chanced in their
ay. The rumor of an insurrection, ho a ever
falsely founded, turns every negro into a supp-ised
em my of the whito man: the third al inn peal
makes him a bloody votary (I mean in the iiiiagi
nation of thu whites.) whom it needs but the buuin
iii;: of the cannon to put to death.
"Guurduicn. in cross-belts and side nrms, anx
ious i.nd confused, ran to ami fro w ith heavy tread;
men hauls and pndu.snionul men hastened Ir on
heir labors, to their homes, armed themselves wilh
deadly weapons, and endeavored to quiet the fears
their excited families, now imploring protec
tion. That a deadly stiug'e was at hand every
..nn was sure, for men had 'inhered on thu house
tops to w atch I lie moving mass as it sw ept along
ihe streets. Now a file id' men in loosn-sittin i
uniforms hasten past ; now it is l.illowed by a hoot
ing oioh of savage laced figures eager lor Mood.
'To the Workhouse !' is thu cry, a id quickly catch
ing i' np the throng hurried uiiv.urd anxiously to
the scene of ilio outlireuk. Ami, ton, those were
followed in quick succession l y firemen in curious
habiliments, half iiccoutered artillerymen, and
trimly dresied cadets all rallying to their sta
tions ut lliu alarm peal's cail, as if gome devour
ing eleniont was about to break over the city and
sweep it uwnr. Yonder a green, masking shutter
cautiously opened, the head of some ti cmliliii"
leninle prou udes ; she inquires :n nervous accents
hither is lha scene of ihe nutbrn ik. and sudden
ly disappears. Alarm had beset the little tiry
which now inuved, a niedlev of fcur auJ tremb
ling. "Tho sound of nn imploring voico suddenly
broke upon Nicholas's car, as he wailed tho ap
proach of bis adversaries; while the curious, fear
ing lo open i!ie gates, had scaled Ihe walls of the
woikhoiisu. Thu voice was that nf the man for
whose liberty he h..d thus involved himself. She
had grasped bis hand, and with simple- but earnest
word 'a ud-vuiiishii g bun of tho fatal conse
et quenccs of his rashness. Having by her had his
intention drawn Irom Ids udier.-ui ics, thev i ushed
(down from the walls, and had well nigh surprised
land secured him, when an alarm given bv his coni
to paniotis set him upon bis defence. Two shots
from a icvolverin the hand nf a guardinaii had
pierced through the fleshy pan of bis loft arm.
'i'he bluo J streamed from the wound, and jet he.
with renewed courage, succeeded in rallying his!
loioriaieu companions a:nl driving bulk Ins cue-j
iuius. ouun Duiucumy was thu struggle ; sh'leks
and groans rent ihe air The woman recieved u
fatal wound in tho conflict, and lav w rithing in
the agonies uf death at the fai t of Nicholas. At
this moment there came a thundering at the gates,
the bristling of tirc-nrius were heard, nnd the
drums of the military wiihnut beat to arms. T' e
great gates were thrown t pen, a solid tiodv uf citi-
ze". ""Idiory, ready to rush in, was disclosed; but
''efnro they bad time tu move, Nicholas, nt the
01 . "is companions, dashed lor ward, threw
snUliory into confusion, and swept triumphant
'''e street. 'The sharp report nf musketry
bdlowd. and several dead bodies lay strewn be
that the portals of the gales. Wild with rage,
Hn'l knowing whither to go, or for what object
j'hey had rushed fromjthe bounds uf their prison-
""use, tne itiluiuated slaves bad scarcely reached
secunn uneni soldiery when Nicholas and sev
eral nthers were pierced through tho heart with
riflo bullets. Thus died a man whom justice
would have awarded a different fate.
"And now let us turn to the counterpart of this
tragic scene. Tio influence of that consternation
which hud spread over thn city was not l. ng in lia J
iug it way to the citadel, a sort of fort command
thu city from ihe oast. On the plat in front
were three brass field-pieces, which a few artillery
men had wheeled out. loaded and made ready lo
belch forth that awful signal which the initiated
translate into these worn: "1'rouced lo the on
slaught.' At the alarm bull's first tap these guns
were made ready; at the second peal match locks
wore lighted by men who stood in breathless sus
pense waiting the thiid and fatal peal f-um the
guard-house bell. That peal might have proved
death-knell uf thousands nf human beings.
the crash uf musketry echoed and reechoed
through the air, a confused gunner apydie J tin
match. Two vivid flashes; and the booming of the
guns rung successively over the eity. The third
would hare eonveytd the awful iuainioni.(3) At
iliat moment men might ho seen in their domiciles,
in the tragic utt it tiU of holding pisp, Is and dag
ger nt the breasts of their leirilied but faithful
Pi vnnts those, perhaps, whose only cl ime was
sincerity and an earnest atiachment to their mas
eis' interests. Had a third cannon belched forth,
these faithful servant hud fallen victims of lent
il tlio leel ot (heir deluded masters. Ilapnily nr.
i net ot heroism hi, h I 1,1 ...... i...
I ..... v .... .... , w ,i.v,oi n, ,,,u
lienor ol liiuiuho discharged it; saved tho city
that bloody climax one sickens while contemplat
ing. As a gunner whs about to apply thn match
to the third gun, it distinguished citizen ot Charles
ton (Judge Cooper I believe) run before it, nnd
ciie.i out at the top of hi voice, 'For heaven's sake
stoi!' 'I'hc gunner stood motionless, ns the man
ran to liitn. snatched tho blazing torch from bis
burnt and quenched it upon the ground. Thus did
he save the city that awful scene the misdirected
eintiiiicuii. Hint IIHIUl PlWHrJ II I U II 1 1 1 1 1 1 Tt'U 14 U
law s of a State would have btoti accountable for to
civilization und tho world."
Let the render contemplate the rooral of these
much talked of iusurrcctiutis.
Note 1. "Our World," a nM-el I y F C. Adams.
& Mulligan, 5, Park Row, New
Note 2. I give the picture ns it hns been many
'lines descrihtd to me by distinguished citizens of
Charleston; and by none more graphically than a
gentleman who took an active pari in suppressing
the outbreak. The names inserted in the extract
only are liutitmus, Judge Cooper's excepted.
i o:e A. i ertaiii ni.irm-hells nre rung in rase of
an attempt at insurrection by the slaves; and this,
"c; panied by the firing of three cannon, is
the signal for an onslaught upon the blacks. Tho
writer, on asking a gentleman why be exhibited so
much fear, or w by be deemed it necessary to mil
to the sword his luithfol servants, ws answered
thus: "Slavon, no mailer nf what color, sviniia.
thizo with one another in thn general eondiiion of
lavery. limy, then, could 1 leave mv Inmilv to
the caprice of their feelings, while 1 8nuht "thn
sceue of action to aid in supiiressinir the outbreak?''
The Underground Railroad occasionally brines
out rich things. Yesterday a bountiful mulatto
wninrc from Ihe Marvlatid shore, near It iltim.n-n
jailed upon Mr. L-ingen. Slio was a fugitive from
liih lile in fel.ivcdoiu. Her dress, address Mid
conversation, showed slit had been valued and
eared for. Sha naturally enquired into the quali
ty and amount uf business at tho Syracuse Depot.
Mrs Loguen took the record of the names of the
logiiivcs that had called at her house, und coin
nienced reading them.
"That is the name uf my husband," sho ex
claimed, with enthusiasm, when a certain name
Mr. and Mrs. Lougen instantly called to mind
.in accomplished semi-colored man they had tent
on to Kev. Mr Munslijli &. Co., at Auburn, three
weeks ago. Sho told her story as follows ;
She had been married about six weeks. Her
husband and herself were house slaves of two
notable and wealthy families in Maryland, nnd
wore greatly ultached. About three weeks since,
her master suspected that she intended lo escape
with her husband, nnd arreted her nnd put her
in jail. She managed to notify her husband of
her case, and he instantly fled to avoid a similar
fate, mid probable salo tu tho far South. Her mis
tress and daughter were greatly attalclied tuber,
and procured her release, and in three days there
after sho fled en foot to Philadelphia, with thejiid
of the man who helped her husband off Ami
slavery men put her on the road, nud now for the
second time bhe has gut on tbo track uf her hus
band. Mr. Loguen at nncn thought it his duty to go to
Auburn with her und help tim! her husband. On
arrival nt Auburn, he placed her in the parlor of
one of the best hotels, and called on M r. Mansfield
who wont w ith him to nuiiuthur cloriri man to
w hom he was directed. He was at meeting, and
Mr. Loguon saw a colored man in a distant part ol
tho meeting who resembled the fugitive, and sent
a person lo bring lii.u to the lobby to seo Mr. Lo
guen. The poor man was siezed with iv tremoiir.
The fact n. he was an excellent machinist, and
instead of going to Canada, hud hired out at g I
wages at Auburn, lather instructed to do Ly Mr.
Loguen, if ho found a chance.
"They are after you Fred," said Mr. Loguen,
"but bold up your head I'll tuko you whero you
won't he hurt.''
"Who U after me ?"
"M ho but your master could bo here niter yon 1
But dont ho sjtrod -folluw me and you will be
"Can you fight ?"
"It depends on who I nin to fight ?"
"Will you fight slaveholders if they liavo come
tu take you '("
"Yes I would fight a regiment of them.-"
bridegroom could not bo found in the world
vuuture tu Bay. Syracuse Standard
By tiis tiino Ihey hud arrived at the hotel, nnd:
Mr. Loguen proceeded directly to toe parloi, j
which was richly furnished and gas-lighted. !
Thu fellow's luelin.rs wnrs worked m. to i b hi.-h. i
est point by being led to tuch a place, where he 1
could expect to seo no one ou', a slaveholder O.i :
entering the room, be saw bis beautiful wile alone. i
He was so overcoowi thai hn almost I..II t the ho.,r :
axu! .lining, at the sumo tumi, "it is my wile;
They rushed together, nd a happier briue and
AVe have just learned that Professor Ilcdrck of
N. C, has been summarily dismissed from ihe of
fice of the Nautical Altoaoac, Washington. Thu
Nautical Almanac is it Govcrii'iient work, publish
ed in the i' thee of
cisui uf free opinion? In the w hole history of uur
the National Observatory, nt
Washinattin. This act, no matter by w hat agent I
done, ix (joccrmiitut ucl, and wo shall treat )l a
such. What, is it hut tho persecution and nstra-,
country we recoiled no iu-tanco in which slaieiy
has boldly and openly attempted, by Government!
power, to crush tr ie opinion, till now. Men havo
in lha oo, oi rooriiin ol ion-lies- bo- lo roil out i
inanuf soienco.uisetigifged from parlies, merely lot-
cause he uttered opinion in favor uf freedom is a
bin-..i.A...,i r,,i,i..r A,.....;,i ... ,.-.;.. ri.
act is mean and lyruMcul: the motive is wicked,
and if such acts are continued, they will do more
than a'l other things to eudangor the unity of the
We trust Mr. Buchanan's administration will I
hai e nmre teiwe it nut more virtue, than tu com
tint such au 8 ul violence ngniusl the
und nature if our institutions.
Slavery, like a loathsome serpent lias crawled
through all the businoss uf the Government, and
cru died feeble politicians in it embrace; but it
shall not attack lha freedom of tha people with
impunity. It may cast its slime on the tiflici .) ta
bles at Washington and hiss, if it, pleases in the
Senate Hall ; but it will be trampled under foot if
arouses any farther indignation of the people.
it retains any of the wisdom of the serpent, it
will beware in time to avert the danger. O'i.
From the Liberator.
WENDELL PHILLIPS IN DETROIT.
WENDELL PHILLIPS IN DETROIT. DETROIT, Dec. 28, 1856,
Frievd Harrison: Our conservative, Union-lot-!,
i.ig "City of the Sfruils' lots lately been favored
witn a visit i mm Wendell Hmlips, who delivered
hen, lietnrc the Young Met, s Society, bis lecture
on 'The l'hilosophy of Kelorni.' The audience w as
large, and left the house apparently charmed wiih
the eloquence of the speaker, little dreaming that
thu honey from his lips was deiivions poison. lint
the guardians of the public peace (lb' 'watchmen
on the walls of our Zion') are greatly alarmed,
noil Honi ,.. ,i..ni. ,1 n ..t : r i.'...,
--- .-ioi,ii in ii -i v iniri.ii n:ii in
our midstone ureal sn'olo'.owar.l tho dissolution
of the blessed American Union. They cry out,
Lo I thuso men who have turn-d tlio world upside
t M ,. , , . ,
.".""' nr c"'o hither iilso l1 It is high time to
take care of our great toddes. nnd her silver
Two reports of this lecture appeared in the ra
pers, will. in three da's after lis delivery. The
first was brief nud general niliniiing the man.
and tho strength and beauty of bis production, yet
questioning somewhat its useful and judicious'
tendency. Tho second was much more lengthy
and pat ticiilur; but thu reporter either did not per
ceive the drilt of some nf the best points in the
lecture, ( is in the illustration nf the vlephunt too
large for the barn.) or be was uuw tiling tu report
After this appeared nn article upon the infidel
character of il:c lecture, in w hich the writer dis
covers an attempt of Mr. Phillips 'to establish the
fact that there is nothing, eithet in heaven ur in
earth, fix id or settled; nud libit man is thrown up
on ibis world, nor to loll iw nod conform to any
fixed law. but to establish bis own law, and be ihe
arbiter of his own fate.' Soon after Ihe nnnou.'icu
ment of this brilliant discovery, the Free I'ress
the especial champion of the right ol the majority
to think in peace, without the intervention ol iin
disturbing opinions of the minority to break its
repose, blazed out in two articles, (one from its ed
itor, too oilier from a correspondent,) severely cen
suring tho nfiicers of the Young Men's .Society for
prouuiing Mr. Phillips, tj lecture before them
The editor declares that 'bis very presence is odi
ous to '.he people, for ho is nn cniioy to the Union,
and teaches mora) disobedience as well as political.
Toe Young Men's Society inig.it ns well employ
William -Lloyd Gariison to lecture lor them as
Wendell Phillips, lor their sentiments upon most
subjects 'ire common, and one is not non e ollen-l
sive to a cried moral, religious and political sense
than the oilier. Iho correspondent, who sins
himself 'National." sais 'The very fact thai
Phillips attacked Hon. Edward Kvereit's political
opinions nnd course is enough to condemn the Ice-
to ro, because there are many admirers of Mr. Kv
erott in Detroit, who do not acknowledge the rinht
or ability of Mr. Phillips to call one so much his
fuyjCMui in every respect us Mr. Kverett to account
for his opinions. Thoso who procured bis uttend
mice limy say, they did rmt expect a departure
trom good taste m the lecture. If so. ibis should i
be u lesicn v.i them to invite none hereafter but
nicii who have t-ointuou scuso enough tu nut tit
tempt ct,ch a course.'
To th;e reproof.i, the President of the Society
replied, 'exuusiuir Miiiselt for inviiiiiir Mr. Phillips!
by the fact that he bad lectured here tw-ico before,
ut the invitation of the Society, adding that be bad
done what neither of bis predecessors bad done,
viz., 'written to Mr. 1'hillins that he did not want
an sboliiion or political lecture, as the Society was
composed of all classes of our citizens.' Then
was tho wrath of the 1-ree lJrcss against tho fres
idoiit appeased, and it forgave him, mid replied to
him in an encouraging and intromiting tone, and
strongly ndvised him lo pursue n more prudent
course in future, for it' Arnold, tho traitor, were
li ing. we would not invito him to lecture tor us
and wherein wur Phillips, that monster nf a Dis
utiioriist, better than Arnold f In any other coun
try, 'be would be outlawed by' government, and in
ibis, he ought to be outlawed by the inuiul senti
ment ut thu peop
There is no saying, friend Garrison, 'whereunto ;
this thing may grn.v.' Several oilier nrticlcs have
appeared since in the papers, f-r and against; nnd
such a shaking has been made among the dry
bones, that, could Mr. Phillips be induced to
come ngain, it would bo nn great wonder if the
w hole city should turn nut tu sec nud hear hitn;
and as men, by coming tou often in contact with
vice, nt length tolerate it, so perhaps our citizens
may at last think they can hear even iuii, and uo',
no , r ' .,.
i ii'iou iiioo,i. nn oi, nic in ' i i'i j: in,-
..-...I i o..c; lo A ..-n . ...ii.... .; ,b. ; l ... . ; ; .!
,, ' ' - v' .i" i ,.
in all this cniiiiiiotion. Nothing better could i
happen in the present state of things.
the conservatives have hud it nil their nunwnv;
but lt"puhlicuiiisu, though far enough from true
Aiiii-Slavei v. has opened many eves tu let in a lit
tle light. Only a week ago, at the examination
of one of our public schools, Levi lii.-lcp, ihe
President nf the B uird ol IM'.icatioii. severely rep
rimanded the l'riiicipal of the school for permit
ting a boy to select one of Whitticr's Ami slavery
P"cms f"r declamation ! Quito a scene occurred.
The hoys hissed Mr. liislmp, nud two gentlemen
present united w lib him in censuring the teacher.
D was uiflicolt to produce order; and when thn
''lt'd was dismissed, one of 'ho boys proposed:
llm' If"'" r H"h..p, winch was responded to
,t'1 hearty K''d will. The allair caused consul.
enihle excitement, hut was busiu d op In in the
mil, I c paper, in consequence
lerceding with the editors lo say nothing of ihe
matter; for, say they, Mr. Bishop regrets it, but if
it i mado public, ho will lino himself into the
nrms uf his parly, nnd the schools w ill be i t:iuil !
This, occurring nt the samo time as the controver
sy in regard to Mr. Phillips, helps along tho good
work; and who knows but we may yet seu an An
tt-Mavcry Convention in JJelruti f
.. . ... .
wore not a dozen white person. In view of th
lii fcnfoil 1 1 1 (
liefore closing this communication, I would just ;
refer to the pleauro which Wendell Phillips's two !
pieceding lectures gave tu a few of us here. j
The first one. that nn Ihe 'Lost Arts,' was deliv-1
ercd the year following tluit. in which you, sir, had !
been refused the use of the Citv Hall, fa bniiilims i
..pea tu every cue.) and addressed afterwards an I
audience in the Aliicui church, in which there '
wo peculiarly gratifying to hear .Mr. Phillips, j
in such a lecture, tu such uu audience, confess his '
laith, ns he uid when, in speaking of
lin nnvo, 'il,i I. I., I ..ri.-.lut
distinguished friend. Win. Lloyd Garrison n
his next lecturo, uu 'Street Lilo hi Europe,' he took
i... t.' :.. .i . ' : ...
argument drawn from ibis, in regard to the sphere
f Woman, and said. "The fanatics in whose camp
train suv' iu ; and at the close of the same
li.ii. nig uru, to glory ill l- u
,.r n-i.. in., i. ....... i. - . '. i- i ,. -
,.r n ..i- n i.- i .. . i. . 1
mo nuiiiiiii hi uc i ii ,ie in Li cue 14 uim I u ui
J. ' I
lectute, he spoke of ono peculiarity of Bumpoan
life which struck him forcibly. Ho saw black men
walking in the street, urm-iti-urm w ith white men
riding in the omnibuses by their side; und in
the Propaganda at Homo, he saw a black priest, a
high church dignita. y : then, in conclusion, hn
electrified hi audience by adding. 'Verily, thought
I aiu five thousand miles from hoinol'
Gibard College. Girnrd College at Philadel
phia, cow supports and educates regularly three
hundred end fifteen boys, all indigent orpbaoa.
From the Pittsburg Dispatch.
HEROISM A SLAVE—BARBARITY OF
THE SLAVE CODE.
Amonz the telegraphic dispnlelies of tlio picf
" tl,e lullun ln '
"Louisville, December 20th."
, . .. , ,
""' J'J'V "''''''
In ihe dark nges, it was oust unary ti mnke a
mockery of iustieo in ihe old world, 'hv tonoi in,f
Tlio Unssellvilla Ihrald of Wednesday says
nn insurrection e xi-itcmeiit exists in the
neighborhood of Volney und Uordoiisvilln. A
number ol negroes wete nrr.stcd; one negro, u
l ibiitr in one of Iho iron works of Tennes-ee.
sn,d ho knew all about the riot, but wont 1 die
before ho would tell. Jli icctaal f.ien hi'.udml i
, , . , . .
I persons Fuspe. ted of knowledge or complicity
crime, to extort cotiiessioli. J tie result was, lis
shown in hundreds of eases which have become
historic, il, th at wholly iritinceiit persons, unablo to
endure the fierce mid cruel toiture?, conlessi d
lhemohes guilty, or pretended to knowledge
lending to criminate and convict others, sho were
equally liin.ii.-ent nf crime. The progress id Chri-ti
unity and civilization liny banished thin infernal
system of ciuelty and injustice from eiery code ol
the civilized portion of the world, but here, in cn-j
lightened America, in the noontide ol Christianity, i
the slave cdii uf the .Southern States inllicts ihe
most horrid tortures, ns n means of extorting con
lessiiiti. Nor -is it necessary thnt there be nnv
lorin of magisterial investigation nnv legal tr ul :j
every master or overseer of a plantation nay. any i
individual or number uf w hites who suspect any j
slave nr s nves ol know ledge of or partici) aiioti in j
liny nlVeiice, may inllict tortures nn all the slaves i
ol a plantation or neighborhood, till ,-ne or more.
of less physical hardihood than the others, shall,
yield to tho suU'cring nnd make a confession !
either ti uo or lalse. Wuseeihis admitted in the i
above paragraph, nnd w e have also iihlishcd the !
following from a Virginia cxclmu"
"Thirty-eight of iho slaves arrested at Alexan
dria, a., on Sunday morning last, uron n charge
nf insurrection, have been fined and w hipped upon
tho bare buck fifteen lashes each, lor assembling
at a ball. Not tho slightest testimony has been
found ngiiint one nf them that they intended to
create an insurrection."
Now dare tiny man of decent humanity defend
inis sysiem , l ill any preacher ot (j.ni s wold
of- .Ju.-iii e and .Mercy say that the press or the
people North or South should be silent while such
things are done? Shall we talk of the"daik
abodes of cruelty and oppression" in foreign,
heuihen lands, thousands of miles away collect
hiindredsuf thousands of dollars to semi mission
aries tu those "dark places of cruelly" hbroad.and
yet he told that press nnd pen and tongue must be
dumb must not "inoddlo"w iilt this horrid system
of slavery in our ow n land countenanced by our
common Christianity fostered, upheld, demand
ing the aid ui.d uutlmriiivc sanction of our General
Government tu its extension und peih'etuation !
What is herniim. if the conduct of ihat igno
rant slave was not heroic ? Wo are told merely
that "be said he knew all nbont thn idol" mo
that he was a part of it, us one of the conspirators
though probably he was, and p ssibly not; no
.proof of Has is given, or even needed, "under the
code of slavery ; he says he w ill "die before he
will teil" that he will not, even nt the risk of
cruel injustice, nnd slow lingering horrid death by
the lah, expose his fellow slaves to an awful pun
ishment which ho knows would follow his em
ission uf their complicity in a conspiracy und
there hefiimly stands. u scrcit liuiuli cd awl fjty
laslics nre inflicted upoi. his naked flesh bleeding,
quivering, torn in strips, with the red blood spirt
ing at every stroke, (us we h ive seen ngain nnd
again.) and thus he sutlers and dies iv martyr
and a hero to s.ivo bis fellows !
Men who have died with no greitcr heroism and
with no more noble impulse, have lelt names that
nni immortal. That ) r slave bad nut perhaps
one tear of pity ono plea for mercy in his hchull
and half tho Christian people nf this land would
consider him but a ciiminal, justly punished and
lain. His name, if o'er kl.jwn. inav be
execrated than honored I
THE MANAGEMENT OF SLAVES.
BY A SLAVE-OWNER,
[From the New Orleans Delta]
Editors of Delta Under the bead of "Home
......- ..r in i. ..i.: i j
in vuii mi pi: i ii i lliu Utll Ull llltd, 1 UIIU
,.:.,..,, ,1 , , . ,
u,'ws 11111 opinion in regard to the instuuti
slavery identical with those long entertained by
,. ...i,- ..,.., , " .j
... .... .., c-iii oou ie-i, some jeiiiu 1' , ill 11 com
munication to your predecc
1 hold, sir.s.ihnt no gentleman will intentionally
injuio oropp ess a poor slave or nthers under bis
.i " pi wii-cuoii; aim i insist upon u:e justice ;
,."- ieij u, a, rigui cniorcciueut ot our hu
mane law . ; no matter by whom violated, or bmv
high the offender.
011 say: "Anir.ng the reforms which it be
comes us tu consider, is the policy of granting
licenses to overseers, lo bo withdrawn upon proved
inhumanity ; and the propriety of admitting nrgro
'.es.iiuony, in certain cases, in "our courts."
Would the Southern Convention, about to con
vei.o at Savannah, or a convention organized for
the special purpose, under tlio authority of the
southern States, and formed nf gentlemen nf the
i consideration the
ins suggested, nnd recommend to Ihe respect
ive State legislatures the necessary legislation to
carry thein into cU'cct, 1 feel no hesitancy in lc
daring that the condition of the southern slave
would, in my opinion, bo the most enviable iiniong
the Uboi ino classes ol tho world.
'i'he deleeiive education nnd consequent habits
ut" overs ers ot me otini, with a lew excep-
blb..i .1 , ...i...
r.-'-' - 'i,ni,iii., nine nil
VI' itUltl iiiii.id.I,,,
. . it . .. .. .....
,', , ' , ' -"en "'isv!
w liich Ihey receive (varying from one to three
thousand dollars) should coinniand the services of
men . nf exemplary character nnd distinguished
Ollict-rs of the army nnd navy, whose rank on-
mem to commands lar more numerous
und responsible than nor largest
Governor uf States nud Territories
and Professors ol uur Colleges and Univervitie ;
Secreiiu ies of our Foreign Legation ; Chief nt
Bureaus, and other high functionaries of the State
and Federal Governments, receive salaries interior
l.onisialnl r stale vvh i Is they urn sbi.li..l. to I
the heavy expense incident totheir exalted and ',v
Tim ool,M,.,i,.u r Il,i,,v;n ...
- "1 " " - - V " 1 .i
r.r iioo-H k ill .haru.oer nm bubiisl .1 1,1 l.
detenu tiipd by a hour,! of ...nei. e,.....,i ..i,...,... '-"
J - ,,..-,
i ...i . . . . .
upon uai miiiciu-e oi inusu tor w nom tney nail
managed, and a lliorougli examination : nnd the i
relative amount of their respective salaries fixed !
accordingly, and stated in their ecrtilic'-.io or i
licer.KC; and whenever any member of thu frater-
uiiy is guilty of any net or omission which, in the
opinion of thu board, operates a a disqualification
lor lha proper performance nf his duties, let his
license be withdrawn, and his further employment
Negroes being generally the only porsons eng.
niiunt of cfleiiees committed by overseers, their
te-iiiuony should be received by the Board,
Courts ur Juries, leaving the question of credibil
ity entirely to sucn tribunals
Should such law and regulations-V,n ndontod lit
and rigidly enforced, the interests of the planters,
and the well-briny nnd bnppinrss nf their slaves
would be promoted : iho pesiiinn nnd character of
overseers should hi delated, nnd their services re
garded according to their merits, and not accord
ing to the exigencies of Iheir prcs.tut, or the fulse
icbtitnony if their past employer.
[From the New Orleans Delta] From the Ohio State Journal.
[From the New Orleans Delta] From the Ohio State Journal. THE STATESMAN-THE THREE SLAVES.
The Statesman t,f this niorttin wns unusually
petulant m.d ill-natuted. The nflici.il VoteiTthe
Mate docs pot please it. ami our remark the other
day Hint "iho law of Connecticut which debar
ignorance from the ballot-box. and draws to it the
iioi liigem e of the Slate," was a good law, it pro
iionncas rank heresy, an I goes off in nearly a
column of "bigbtj-iigbiy" eloquence, nlsiut rur
wishing to deprive poor white men of their tote.
The only tiling iliat gives the Wtifrsman the least
snti-lai lion, is the fact that a Mississippi slave
holder l ionght ihren slaves wi,, r-j, 0 t,jn State,
stopped ull d ay w ith them ill this city, and riepnrt
ed on M-.nday w ith them to Washington without
no iesta'.ion ; frotu which wo may inler that the
Stu train ti ii is in fin or ol permitting slaves to be
brought tu, und taken from the State, whenever it
-oils the ci.iiienieio e of their masters tu hring
Ihem here. The Constitution uf Ohio nt s : "There
shall l.o no Shiiciv in this S nre. nor involuntary
unless f,.r the punishment of crime."
t thcie was Slavery in the Slate, nnd in this
eity last Sunday, nnd involuntary servitude, and
the fiilciiiiiint i-cj oires nt it. Tho next tbin
we shall bear of its defending the right of a slave
trader te bring iliis e, filed gang fro n M try land
and Viiginia through Ohio ns the most convenient
routs by which he cm reach the slave marts of
Natchez and New Orleans. If the slaveholder
bung Ins slaves through our State in defiance
'd' the (.'uuslii ution nnd law , w by not the slave-
Ami it .ilr.L,ake. .M. i... I ruin Mississinn .
run keep his slaves bete f nun Saturday until Mon
day, why can't ho keep them here a whole mouth,
r a year, or forever ?
FiExnisn Bni T.M.ny. All the Snithern exchan
ges contain accounts of the hanging and whipping
i f slavrs suspected of complicity in the recent in
surrectionary movements. One T. M. Arthurs, A
correspondent ol the Canton (Tiigg county) Ken
tucky Jjixiufcft says:
"Tuesday Morning, T wenf 0 T)or.
arrived there about two o'clock. The people had
hungfoi.r negroes at eleven o'clock that morning,
and two more ill town 10 be bung. I got to the
place of execution in time to see the last one go off.
Ol tho six that were hung, three bad been preach
ers. They were nil proved to be ring-liuders. I
learned 'hat tba men at the forge were nt work
iriiijijiiii; flie truth out ';' tlicir ut irocs, so I rod" out
theie that night, mid was up with them ull night.
never had such feelings in all my life. I saw ft
list of negroes that bad been w hipped and wae
told w hat they all ban stated, nnd then I heard the
balance examined some taking ire and six hun
dred .7ica beli.ie they would tell tl.e tale but
w hen they did tell it, it was the same that all the
othe'-s bad told. Some told the wholo story with
out taking a lick. Those that wore examined
were not permitted tu feu those that were tiot.they
were kept entirely separate and a guard over
each. One of the negroes at the forge died from '
ultippiny that night several hours after the opera-
The citizens of several parishes in Louisiana
have resolved to put a stop to tho practice of soil
ing liquor to slaves. Vigilance Committees were
formed, who have found out the names of several
persons engaged in iho nefarious business, order
ed them to leave tow n w ithin forty-eight hours.
At Pliiquiniiic two ,nd lelt. and a "den" pulled
down. The Southern Sentinel says nil thuse who
have bee -dared to leaio "will Lave tc travel,"
"If there is one ri ime more than another which de
serves the united action and vigilance of a whule
coinmuiiity lo supples, it is that of selling liquor
to slave. It is a criino which endangers the
peace, happiness nnd lives nf Southern people
evcrywheie, whilo it makes the slave of but little
valuo to bis owner thn ruby being destructive of
property also. Unfortunately, however, although
the law is strio' and ro-itive on the subject, it
seems tu be a very ililli.-oll mutter lo convict a
man of this crime, although tho public is fully sat
istied of his guilt."
Tho Baltimore American, in the course of an ar
ticle o-i sftvo iasurieoliuiis, makes the following
"Though Abolitionists may disgniso the fact, the
general current, of legislation lit the South for
years past has been in favor of the slave. Hie
rights have been more looked niter, bis person bet
ter protected, and when the e ends have nut been
sought by po-iiivo enactment, the gradual but
firm inlluence of the iiioial sentiment ol the peo
ple bus tended practically to tho must beneficial
amelioratiuu uf oia condition."
Then of course the nssenion Hint the agitation
the subject nf slavery by the Abolitionists had
tightened the chains nnd nggravaled the hardship!
theslaie, is all false. This charge has bren
icitcrutco, by eUrgyn en nnd laymen, by saints and
sinners, by politicians and di'inagogues.fur the last
twenty years. The changes have been rung upon
to eiury note in thu pimmut. It has duue mure
probably than any other fatschuud tr confirm
prejudice nnd destroy sympathy for the slave.
.Ami let i, y the testimony ut a Southern paper.
L.,.,tainly an umni-cption ihle witness, it is wholly
iUe. 1 he condition of tbo slave has been con
Were the date of the commencement of this im
provement sought, il would be found, we doubt
not, lo be coeval with thu beginning uf the ami
slavery agnation. The one is the cause of the
tiier. By that agitation the slaveholder was put
on his good behaviour. He knew full well that
every uu rageous eiiautinenr every unieruiful flog
ging, every murder, inflicted on a slave, was so
iiiiu ii added to the thunder of the Northern Abu
liiinnists. Thev i.iTuigned the institution of s la-
be I o re tho bar of the public opinion of Ihe
CIVIIlZOil World: nlld the Slaveholder lelt that
,. a" ut,er c,u"l"" '"diet against h d
peculiar system, be must a least give it the lem
bianco of jusiice. mercy and decency. Hence, al
i. : .. i : . : . i i 7 , i
"'iingu nun. uiuai outrage nn slaves uy men wno
"ot God, nor regard maai,' have been fre-
. . , , ,..
Iilnnur lliri liiii,ri,viiiiiiint in IhA nnnksnl iiiimlili,.. nl
, - v.
".. " "' "' .""" """"j'
The Abolitionists are the last men who would
need 'tu uisguise the f ict.' They glory in it as
one ul the fruits uf their labors. Free Pretbytf
Stili. at tue Table. The Hon. Mr. Ksitt, of
the chivalrio Slate of South Carolina, presented:
petition from the Legislature thereof, praying
for the improvement of a harbor nnd the defence
thereof liy a fort. Wu are glad to see this. A
child who has a lively sense of the paternal bread
and butter, has no idea of running away. South;
Caroli-in always hud this evidence of good sense.
nri,l. haw I hi! and threatened, but alwava oama
jbouie to supper On. Gaa.