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T 11 E A N T I - S L A V E It Y 13 U G L E
In Commemoration of the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary
of Formation of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery
PHONOGRAPHIC REPORT BY MR. YERRINTON.
During the Grat week in January, 1M2, just o
iwelvomoriih niter tho first number ol The Lider
a tor saw the light, thcro was organir.ed in li ton
Society of anti-slavery men, on thu ground ol
the absolute Sin of Slavehohling, nnd tliB 1'uiy ol'
Immediate and 1'ncopditionnl Emancipation,
Ivhicli received tho tuimu of Tut Stvr Knuland
Asti-Slaver Society. In the courso of two or
three years, similar Societies having been formed
in nil the other New England Suites, the original
Society received tho name of the Massachusetts
Akti.Si aity Souiety. Under this simple hut
xnressive illc. a band of truthful, earnest
courageous men and women have for twenty five
Tears been associated together. And noi in vain
f h r.rinrlnln upon which thev UI:lted was olio
Which hiid the nxo at tho root of tho tree of Slavery,
llence they mnde their mark upon the Country
nnd the Tinier, a mark neer to ho effaced, and
succeeded, against the most forniidalilo opposition
od apparently unsiivmountahle difficulties, in
rousing the Nation, dead in its trespasses and
ins, to n universal discussion of slavery, nnd to n
moat wholesome agitation. As the quarter-century
of the Society's exiateiv c drew to n close.it seemed
perfectly proper that its present members should
mark the period by n suitablo commemoration.
To review the ami -slavery history ot tho twenty
five years past, to revive the incmoiy of its. many
note-worthy events, to exhibit afresh I ho doings of
the Slave Power of the land, especially ns it
worked through its corrupt nnd heartless Northern
allies, to recite tho aim vie story of tho noble de
votion of the early anti-slavery martyr nnd
nints, all this, indeed. was a wink not to bo done
at a single meeting. Yet much could be done.
The anniversary could be kept with grateful, joy
ful, yet eolcmn observance. A glance ut the earlier
history ol the Cause could he taken, its Progress
traced. and lessons for the future could not fail
to be abundantly suuetstcd. The Manager of
the Society unanimously voted to celehrato their
... n. .-wo. r.,,,.., l, n n. S,.ii,l Festival,
with appropriate speech, sentiment and song. Ihe
use of Faneuil Hull was granted by the city gov
ernment, and Friday evening, January 2nd, 1857,
was tilted as the titno of the celebration.
President, WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON,
Mr. Garrison, on taking the chair, was greeted
with loud and prolonged applause, llo euid:
Ladies and Gentlemen:
It is a mavked honor you have conferred uponi
mo this evening, in electing mo to preside on an
occasion so gratifying. 1 accept it, in the first
place, ns the deciar.t'inn of yoi.r belief that the
charge so often brought against me. that I am a
AmV-lirnined fanatic, is palpably a laid misrepre
sentation (laughter) ; and in the second place, as
the evidence, that, whatever may be tlio differences
of opinion existing among us in regard to tho best
way of attacking the common enemy, wo nro an
united as one in declaring Slavery to be n crime of
colossal magnitude, the disgrace of our common
country, a curse and a shame ; nnd hat it ought,
to be a once and forever abolished, and Liberty
proclaimed "throughout all the land to all the in
The Sp-rit of Freedom welcomes you to Faneuil
Kali. The spirits of the just made perfect, til the
martyrs and confessors of all ages, welcome you
this vet.ing. In behalf of four millions of slaves,
yet wailing to be redeemed, from galling fetters, 1
give to each and all of you a hearty welcome here
in the old cradle of Liberty. (Applause.)
Before partnking of the supper, we will sing
the first hymn on the programme which has been
laid before you.
The familiar song by James Russell Lowell,
'Friends of Freedom, ye who stand
Wllh uo wcitpon in your hand,
Save a purpwa Mum and grand,
All Don to But froe,"
was then sung, to the tune 'Scots wha hae,' the
Hutchinson Family, who generously volunteered
their services, takinu the lead.
The comnanv then proceeded to dispatch tho
business which was laid on the table before them,
in which aureeabla occupation nn hour was spent
At the conclusion of the repast, Mr. Garrison said
there were many choice spirits that yearned to be
nresent with them on that occasion, but cire.um
stances prevented. Some of them had sent letters
as a substitute for their personal presence, a few
of which he would read.
f The reading of the various letters was listened
" i - i 1 i:..:.4 I ...
10 wun mill Keu uueouoo, nnu miciicu ubuilj ic
epouces from tho company.
From these letters we make extracts:
LETTER FROM REV. THEODORE PARKER.
BOSTON, January 2, 1857.
My Dear Mr. Garrison:
Business which I cannot put off calls me away
from vour festival to-nmht ; but uesiaes tnat,
do not know that I fuel in a quite festal mood,
while our brother men in Kentucky, Tennessee.
Louisiana, and elsewhere, are hungauuzen nt
time, or shot down by their owners, with no form
of trial, or whipped to death tn suspicion of ex
nitine men. who receive nothing, to striko for
higher wages. I do not feel very j'oyous either,
wheu I find tho Republican party in Congress,
which carried eleven of lbs States at the last
election, npul'igising. and 'defining its position
declaring it is 'not an abolition party,' 'not an
anti-slavery party,' 'not even hostile to the exten
sion of bondage,' 'only opposed to spreading it
into Kansus'jut 'never intending to interfere with
slavery in the States,' and 'does not propose to
discuss the relation between master nnd slave,' or
'the right to hold property in man.' I see Charles
Sumner in the streets or elsewhere, wounded, and
yet unnblo to resume the seat he has so honored,
nnd now so Ion" ut'iiin to occupy ; I hear the
taunts of the enemies of their race, Southern as
well as Northern, rejoicing t this, but professing
to believe his feebleness of body is only u sham,
while they actually delight in the blows dealt so
cowardly on his head. I think of all these things,
and doubt whether it is quite time to rejoice.
But ns the early Christians spread the tabla of
their Love-Feasts amid the fires which burnt their
(laughters and sons, eo I suppose wo may do tlie
fame, and gather snr.io strength for the work
before us. Surely, 'the battle is all around,' Bu',
huw much has been done in the twenty five years
now ended 1 Suiely 'our salvation is nearer now
than when wa first believed.' I am thankful for
the noble men and women whom this Anti-Slavery
movement has called out in all classes ot society
thev redeem much of the vulgarity of the land
We are sure to conquer. The justice of God has
always been on our side, nnd it teems to me now
that tho wrath of man is likely to come over to
the same side, and serve Hun. Indeed, it appears
Indispensable. Twenty-five years ago, I thought
this terrible battle might be fought with the pen
and our victories written rnly in ink. Mow,
teems quite otherwise. Hitherto, all peoples, in
their march to freedom, must pass through the
Red Sea which borders n any bgypt. will
America prove an exception 1 Is her wickedness
'otherwise bounded V I fear not. The Red Sea
and the Pillar of Fire are ghastly to look forward
to; but when we come to the Psalm of Than ks
icivine. and the Prophet's lofty Hymn, and tho
Beautitudes of the Gospel, and think of the New
Heavens, and the New Earth, we are glad also at
the Exodus, without which there had been only
the Plague of Egypt, aud darkness that might
Abrsnt in body, I send you a word as sentiment
iur ma luauvuy -.
Tlie triumph of Freedom in America Peaceably
li wv vau, lurciojy u are must.
LETTER FROM REV. WM. H. FURNESS.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 29, 1856.
Mr Di 11a. Garrison:
t ... With B my under.
standing and my heart, I agree with you in re
garding the Anti-Slavery cause, as advocated by
the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, as 'the
mast beneficent aud glorious movement of the 19th
century.' It i the cardinal fact, the Gospel, the
Religion of our time. And, Uod he praised I it
has now taken a position en strong and so Com
manding, that its etiomies may be dared to make
any assault upon it that will nut contribute to its
power and accelerate its triumph. The great
laws of nature the Eternal Providence hns
taken St in charge, nnd it lies not in tho will of
man to arrest its progress. The Truth, now rep
resented in tho person of tho wronged and bloed
ing slave, will and must prove victorious over tho
false Unions and oppressive. Constitutions of nisn.
The whole history of tho last twenty-fivo years if
puiuing aud advancing to this result,
W. H. FURNESS.
LETTER FROM REV. DR. LOWELL.
CAMBRIDGE, Dec. 30, 1856.
Gentlemen: I hpnor you,
for vour earl v. decided, unwavering, umnnipro-
misinir assertion of the 'inherent sinfulness of
slavery,' and 1 lervently pray that it may not bo
Ion before you are permitted to celehrato the
eniite abolition of a system so revolting to the
best feelings of our nature, and so coutrary to the
spirit and precepts of our religion.
Very rospoetl'ullv, gentlemen,
Y'our friend, CHARLES LOWELL.
LETTER FROM REV. O. B. FROTHINGHAM
JERSEY CITY, Dec. 28, 1856.
Gentlemen: y0u will
allow me, I trust . congratulate you upon tho
past nnd the future. Your Festival ought to
lie a glad one; for truly I think, all things con
sidored,the unpopularity of tho movement, its
rough reception, the imposing powers arrayed
against it, the augmented value of the cotton crop,
the increased trade nnd the wealth of the country,
nnd the fierceness of the political parties. that
no cause equally good over mado such progress in
so short a time. Tho masses of the Northern
people have felt the touch of your spirit, and par
tially responded to your sentiments. You have
mado commotion both in State nnd Church.
Beacon street has heard a voice, and quiet, con-
frvative gentlemen, eocti as once were instigiv
tors ol mnhs, are now Ininiliarly entertaining aim
gravely suggesting the dissolution of the Union.
J lie experience ot these twenty-hvo years has
tested the soundness of vour leading principles.
nnd established the wisdom of your most radical
positions. The bund of fanatics has grown into a
company of prophets. The printer's boy is almost
a dictator. Tho power that began with a single
small sheet, is gradually wielding the mightiest
press in the world. This would certainly be
something to boast of, if boasting were in order.
U is something ever to be thaukiul lor, and to
gather encouragement from.
Gratefully nnd truly,
JERSEY CITY, Dec. 28, 1856. O. B. FROTHINGHAM.
LETTER FROM REV. SAMUEL J. MAY.
SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 1, 1857.
My very dear Friend: Mv
disappointment now in not being present brings
to my remebrance my disappointment twenty-five
years ago. It was my misfortune, not my fault,
that I was not with you und the eleven others. w ho,
on the evening of January 2, LSU2, formed the
New Enrriand Anti-Slavery S icietv. Six weeks
before that time. I weut to Boston lrom my then
- re8jtence in
resiuence in vunueciicu, unu attenueu a meeting
of gentlemen in the office of tho ever true Samuel
E. Sewall, Esq., at the corner of State nnd Devon
shire Btreets. Our agreement at the opening of
the meeting was, that if the apostolic number
twelve should be found ready to avow and main
tain the fundamental principles of our enterprise
ns they had been expounded in the Liberator, (then
nearly a year old,) we would institute an AntiSlavery
Society. But after a prolonged discussion,
only nine of that company were found w illing
ooucur in the condemnation of the colonization
scheme, and in the doctrine of immediate emancipation.
So I was obliged to return to my home,
then a long distance from Boston, nnd could not
come again very soon, for there were no railroads
in those days. Consequently, I had nut tho honor
ef being actually one of the formers of the New
England, now the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery
Give to all who may be assembled in Funeuil
Hall to-morrow evening, my hearty blessing und
say to them, Go on, persisting in your righteous
demand, 'Liberty for all men, without regard
race.complexion.or sex, who are guiltless of crime.'
li is a aciuana tnat must tie cuncueu sooner
later. Yours, affectionately,
SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 1, 1857. SAMUEL J. MAY.
LETTER FROM REV. HENRY GREW.
PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 30, 1856.
Respected Friends: Animated by
the high consideration, that the Uod ot the poor
the angels of mercy, and the righteous of the
earth, are with us, let us gird ourselves anew for
the holy waifare, and go forth in the namo aud
the strength of Jehovah, furnished only from his
own armory with the weapons which are mighty
to pull down this stronghold of sin, which this
hypocritical nation has established, in defiance
the laws of God and the tights of humanity,
I prny that the wisdom which Cometh from
above, unniingted with that which is from beneath,
ctuy guide your deliberations.
Yours, for the slave,
LETTER FROM THEODORE D. WELD.
Eacleswood,, Perth Ambov, 1
Dee. 31, 185(5." J
William L. Garrison : My Dear Friend,
thank you for your invitation to the Quarter-Century
Festival at Faneuil Hall. Twenty-four years
ago, I rocoived a letter from you. inviting me to
speak nt the first Anniversary of your Sncioty.
could not attend it indeed, have never been at ami
A'lti-Slaveiy Anniversary, cither general or local,
and cannot be at this; but, while I write, I see the
old colors nflont, where first they were planted,
hear their live rustlings, like tho sweep of mighty
wings, nnd send up cheer upon cheer, us, weather-
stained and storm-torn, shot-riddled, mob-rent and
tiampled, they float there, defiant and trium
Ihe old JJioneer Society the forerunner that
eame crying in the wilderness at midnight uod
bless her! Let Liberty, Equality, r ratornitv nnd
Humanity all say amen! With proiigal Outlay,
he hath labored, and dared, and never faltered.
She hath fought tho good fight, sho hath kept the
taith. first and alone, she struck the key-nutc
spoke the true word, and never took it back;
breathed her breath of life into the dead, and
made them living souls. I say this the more hear
tily, because some of the appendages of her creed
have nover been mine well content, while the
Gulf Stream moves on, to leave the eddies that
fringe it to circle as they may. The tide that floats
earth's commerce and navies, and beats with lile
throbs on all its shores, may toss what straws
leviathans it will.
With heartiest all-hail nnd God-speed to all true
watchers round the sucred fire, wherevei burning,
In faith aud love, your fellow-servant ever,
THEODORE D. WELD.
LETTER FROM ARNOLD BUFFUM.
Eaoleswoob, Perth Amboy
Dee. 29, 1850,
My Dear Friends: What
most of all desire, now in the evening of my days,
is tn encourage the apostles of reform to persevere
in their labors of love, until the abominations
slavery intemperance and war shalJ be extermina
ted from the earth. Then all minor evils will give
way before a regenerated public sentiment, and
the inhabitants of the earth will be biassed with
that condition for which Jesus instructed his dis
ciples to pray. The kingdom of God will come,
aud His will be done, on eartn as u is m neaven,
and the worlj will stand before the Lord rodeomed,
regenerated and disenthralled.
Your friend and sympathiser,
LETTER FROM A. K. FOSTER.
la spirit, I can be
where but with you. How can 17 lossy notn
ing of the sublime movement initiated by the old'
...... ,it. a inritaiiiiiril for Ilia raitom r.ti nf tllfl'l.:
millions of our slave by tho renovation of still
more million of enslaver a movement vast
that wo cannot grasp it in its various is ues on
this country and the world to leave all this nut
of sight, w hcti I co mo back to myself, and remem
ber w hat it has done for me, personally, I cannot
but do it honor.
It first delivered mo from tho grasp of that old,
hoary-headed hypocrite, the Colonization Society,
which bad received the revoruueo of my childhood
and early youth.
Again, it tore off the mask from those whose
words had been to mo authority, and whom I had
regarded ns statesmen und patriots, when, I" I a
set of self-seeking demagogues were sacrificing
their country's honor am. glory, and making her a
hissing and a byword in tho nations, merely for
the advancement of their own petty ends.
And yet, again, it relieved nu from that anguish
of soul which hud cried lot years,, 'What shall I
do to he savod ?' but failed to hear any answer in
tho orthodox mummeries of the church. Your
society gave a clear nnd distinct answer, not so
much in words s in deeds, 'Love God with all thy
heart, and thy neighbor as thyself.' Its comment
on the teat was simple: To love God is not to
bow down nnd worship graven or molten images,
or imaginary beings, but to !ive Him is to love his
attributes, uiercy, justioo, truth, with all thy heart,
and hence tn sacrifice every selfish consideration
to the advancement of these. To love thy neigh
bor us thyself is to do unto other a you would
others should do unto you. These principles, re
ceived into the soul, crucify its selfishness, nnd it
is saved by a present salvation from the dominion
of selfishness, w hich, alone, is sin.
And yet, still again, it gave mean opportunity
to assert, in person, some of thoso rights of hu
manity, which had been denied to woman, and lor
which I had, from a child, most earnestly contend
ed whenever on opportunity offered.
Rut I must not longer multiply words. I sat
down to give a hasty answer to your note, so I will
only say further God bless the old Pioneer Soci
ety I And it is, aud must bo blessed; for mercy is
its name nnd
'The quality of mercy is not strained ;
It droppeth as tho gentle ruin from heaven
Upon the place beneath; it is twic blessed,
It blasscth him that gives, nnd bim that takes.'
0! then wo will continue to give money, reputa-
tu n. life 8 enemies, life itself,
all things, for the
slave's sake, knowing, most surely, nnd now from
our own experience, mat we snail receive, in re
turn, more than all these, even life eternal, w hich
to us is a cant term, but comprehends all good.
Yours to the end,
ABBY K. FOSTER.
ABBY K. FOSTER. LETTER FROM JOSHUA COFFIN , ESQ.
NEWBURY, Jan. 1, 1857.
Dear Sir: Of the twelve persons
who signed the Constitution of tho New Lnglnnd
Anfi Slavery Society, on the evening of Jan. 0,
1 So, two. at least, are numbered with tlie dead.
viz., Isaac Knnpp nnd W. J. Snelling. 1 believe
that Henry K. Stockton is not living, nnd I have
no knowledge w here Stillnnin B. Newcomb is. The
others arc, Robert B. Hull, John E. Fuller. Rov.
M.ues Thacher. Arnold Bufi'um, Benj. C. Bacon,
Oliver Johnson. Vim. Lloyd Garrison, and Joshua
Collin. all of whom are, I hope, among tho living,
and faithlul to their principles,
With many thanks tn the Committee for their
kind invitation, and with increasing detestation of
ihe whole accursed system ot American slavery, 1
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
SALEM, OHIO, JANUARY 17, 1857.
KANSAS AS A FREE STATE.
The community seems gradually settling down
into the conviction that Kansas will be'ttfree
state. Tho Northern people settled down into
similar conviction in regard to tho admission of
Texas, before the deed was finally consumated.
Whether in this last case, as in the former this
pleasing dream of security, shall serve to defeat
and disappoint those who indulge it, cannot now
bo foretold. That it should, woull certainly be in
accordanco with our experience iu every contest
with the slave power.
If the north shall succeed however it will be
owing. 1st to the great moral uprising of the
north against it. 2nd to the superior number of
free state emigrants and. to tho firmness and spirit
with which thoso early in tho territory have re
sisted and repelled their invaders ; and even'ually
it will bo nccouinlishea as every tiling eise nas
and must be done during the reign of a union
with slave holders, by bargain nnd compromise.
When Davis and Douglas and Toombs, find it im
possible to make Kansas a slave Btate, because,
overpowered by numbers, they will compound for
peace and sell out their worthless stock at an im
mense premium. For tho relinquishment of Kan
sas when they can hold it no Iongeiyhcyjwill secure
the admission of, perhaps Nicaragua or Cuba nnd
new slave states from Texas, California, New Mex
ico, and Utah, or the accomplishment or some
other act of piratical villiany which the political
gudgeons and knaves of the north will willingly
concede for the sake of gain and office.
But whatever may bo the final rosult, certain it
is that things in Kansas look more prosperous
and hopeful than for a year nnd a half past. The
settlors there, if we may judgo from the Free
state papers, seem to think the great danger over,
notwithstanding Fremont is not elected, and are
prosecuting their improvements with such vigor us
their crippled resources will permit, Buford
"iing of freebooters have mainly loft the territory
and Atchison fund other leaders find Missouri, a
more comfortable residenco than the Territory.
The Miasourians who have rnanily paid such ex
penses of the marauders as their thieving, burg-
leries and highway nmeriers failed to nfford, have
found it a very expensive busine.-s and are di8pns-J
cd to withold their contributions, nnd some of
them who want new lands for their slaves to till,
are giving up Kansas and seeking more quiet and
secure residences iu Texas. Governor Geary,
seems to be doing as well as the bogus Missouri
laws which he administers will permit him to do.
Locum pt, Donaldson, and Jones have been super
ceded, it is to be hoped by men of more humanity
and better intentions. At the north the great body
of the Democrats, even, notwithstanding their
vote for Buchanan are opposed to the admission of
slavery as the law of the Territory. While Suuth
Carolina Brouks has declared his willingness to
vote for the admission of Kansas as a tree state
a majority of her citizens declare thoir desire that
so it shall be, and oven Stephens of Georgia de
clared on the Cth inst, iu his place in the House
Representatives, that though he should like to see
Kansas admitted as a slave state, he thought there
was no such probability. Nut only the laws
olimate and production but of population would
As we have said, all this may intimate that
that KaDsai has a chance of admission as a free
state. But so sure as that chance is mude a cer
tainty, it will be'.dune only by the oonsent of a ma
jority in CoDgress to some other more atrocious
villiany, if such can be set afloat by men whose
business it is, to frame iniquity by 'form a of law.
And the result of this appareut yielding by the
South will be that the north will quietly go
sleep and give the slaveholders another opportunity
prosecute their piratical purposes without lot or
One thing is a little remarkable. Before tin.
election we were told that the only hope for Kan
sas wa tho election of Fremont, and non voting nbo'
litionists were charged with a virtual conspiracy
with border ruffians, because they would not vio
late common sense and their own consciences by
casting a vote for Republicanism with nil its con
cessions to slaveholding, slave hunting, slave
driving, slave-selling, and slavo flogging in fifteen
states of tho Union; now it turns out that with the
political defeat of the friend of Kansas, comes
it safety, iu the only particular in which its
frionda proposed to interfere in its behalf. The
moral influence of Republicanism, crippled as it
wa by concession and compromise, has contribu
ted to this result, and so far it is entitled to credit
on the ledger of freedom; but it averment that
voting for Fremont was the only hopo of Kansas,
is so far as Kansas is now safe demonstrated to bo
a fulacy. A more uncompromising course, even
with fewer numbers to share the mortification of
defeat, would have rcdowned fnr more to the suo
coss of the general cause of frcodom. The party
of principle is always on the victor's side, whether
number vote with or against it.
''Truth crushed to oarth will rise again."
HOW CINCINNATI GOT AN EVIL REPUTATION.
The Cincinnati Enquirer tho organ of Buchanan
is in in that city, endeavors in the following little
paragraph to relieve the city from the odium of
abolitionism in tho estimation of sUvo-holders anil
at the same time fasten the charge of that damna
ble horesy upon tho Commercial and Gazette the
two Republican papers of the city. Jt says:
The Memphis people, a well as other commu
nities in the South, have got the idea that Cincin
nati is the hot-bod of Abolitionism, and hence the
mention of Cincinnati as the proposed destination
ol the tree negroes. Those who read a portion of
our nresa tlie ijommercuu ami r.'rjsw. i i h
it no loss to know how this evil reputation among
our Pest business customers got fastened upon us.
Uuseless as it is, much injury to the place has re
sulted from it.
The Gazette vindicates itself, its party, and the
city lrom this alleged horesy in tho following
Those who have read the Gazette and Enquirer
will be at no loss to know that the latter has pub
lished column upon column of editorial falsehoods,
with a view to make the impression that Cincinatti
contains as many 'Abolitionists, as it does Repub
lican voters ; or in other words that the Repub
licans nie Abolitionists; ana that the Oazette as
often denied the chargo. If' much injury to the
place has resulted from this baseless reputation
the Enquirer and its allies are alone responsible
The Enquirer and the slaveholders know that all
Republicans ought to be abolitionists. What a
pity they should not be willing to merit and wear
so honorable a reputation. But they evidently
prefer power and office, boforo a good name.
FRANCE-ENGLAND AND LAND MONOPOLY.
A late number of the N. Y. Tribune notices
the fact that France is now taking the precedence
in tho Governments of Europe, while the political
power of England, is waning before her. The
causo of this change of relative political positions
between these rival nations, is alleged to be the
greater comparative increnre of wealth in France.
Thus tho increase of the value in real estate in
France between 1821 and 1851 is from $8,000 000.
000 nt the former period, to $16,000,000,000 in the
latter. While in Great Britain the value of lands
in about the same period, had increased only about
.3,000,000. In some parts of the kingdom, et
peo:a!ly in Ireland they had depreciated in value
Commenting on these facts, the Tribune says:
These facts prove conclusively that France is in
creasing in wealth at a rate twice more rapid thnn
that of England, and wealth is power. The caua
es of the rifference are, as we think, to be found
in this : England has been gradually consolidating
her land, and expelling small proprietors, whose
condition is universlly described as being a very
wretched one. France, on tho contrary, hns been
dividins her land, nnd adding tn the number of
men who own thn soil thev cultivate. The differ
ent effects nf these two systems are fully estab
lished in the returns now before us proving that
while largo proprietors have increased in their
money value but a third or a fourth, (he smillrr
ones have been quadrupled and quintupled in their
money vnhie. Englmd hns been changing her
proprietors into hireling slaves, while France has
been creating free proprietors. Such men aa Ire
land once produced are now no longer to be found.
The hardy Highlander hns been first starved, and
then transported to make room for sheep.
What need to be done for TnE Securitt or
the South. Tho TuskegeeRepubliean, one of our
exchanges, thinks there is no real danger present
or prospective from slave insurrections, in conse
quence of the superior numbers of the white popu
lation. However he thinks some precaution
should be used, and makes the following sugges
tions. "Notwithstanding, in our opinion, certain things
ought to be done for still bettor security: preach
ing by negroes ought to be utterly abolished. Ne
gro pieachers are almost invariably the corrupters
of the Blaves.aud are at the Lead of all the mischief
that is brewed among them.
Negroes ought not to be allowed to carry on any
business by themselves, nor under any circum
stances to live by themselves. Such abodes are
the resort of the idle and vicious of all colors.
where they met to gamble, to dance, to drink
and to dissipate generally. The laws, we imag
ine, ol nearly all ot the states are already surncicnt
to guard against the evils to which we refer, but
the great sin is that those laws are not en
forced. Were they enforced we should hear less
frequently of outbreaks among our negro popula
tion." A New Proposition. Tho New York Tribune
proposes that our Congressmen instead ot their
milage, receive a sum sufficient to pay the expen
ses of a wife, daughter, sister, mother, aunt or
cousin, to and at Washington during the sessions
of Cjngress. It very wisely suggeets that this
would save tho honorable gentleman from falling
into groBS temptutious and greatly improve both
the murals and manners of he houorable legisla
tors. We aro sorry to see that the Tribune shows
some deficiency of moral courage in not during
do more than make the suggestion. A proposition
so valuable as this, we thiuk it might venture
advocate. The women will certainly be on its
Prosecitions tok Liuel. Horace Greoly lias
commenced prosecution ngaitiBt the editor of the
Cleveland Plain Dealer, to recover the sum
$10,000, alleged damages for a libel published
the Dealer. Mr. Greely also 6tntcs in a subse
quent puper, that process will be promptly com
maucud against the publishers of the Iowa State
Gazette, for libel, iu stating that Mr. G. reoeived
pay fur lobbying last winter in Washington in be
half of the Do Moines Navigation and Railroad
The Anti-Slavery Fairs hold during" the holi
days, seem to have been romarkably successful.
Below we give the report of the Salem nnd Phila
delphia Fair, and also a brief notice of the un
exampled success nf the Boston Basaar.
REPORT OF THE FAIR COMMITTEE.
The Western Antl Slavery Fair for 185C was bold
in the Town Hull, Salem, on the 21th 25th nnd
20th of December. :
' Our stock of goods consisted of a beautiful as
sortment of fancy articles embroidory in almost
ecdless variety small sums of money contributed
by interested friends in different places cbildrens
toys books pictures various articles of cloth
ing for men, women and children bed quills
a provision table a candy table tco cream
shingles a pair of pea fowls, brooms, shoes
poultry and many other things both beautiful and
Useful. For these contributions we are indebted to
friends of the slave in Boston, Philadelphia, Cin
cinnati. Green Plains, Marlboro, Rootstown, Ran
dolph, NowLyme, New Garden, Hopedale, Mas
tersvile, New.Market, Lcceburgh, Columbiana and
The procoedsjtre$41C,00 which afterdeducting
expenses will be paid into the treasury of the
Taking into 1 account the extreme scarcity of
money for the.last ten weeks this may be consider
ed our moit successful Fair.
The committee tender .their kindest thanks to
all who have given their cooperation in this ef
fort to secure the means to carry forward and sus
tain the anti-slavery standard of truth and jus
tice the slaves best hope.
On behalf of the committee,
E. ROBINSON. PENNSYLVANIA ANTI-SLAVERY FAIR.
Tho Fair was held in the Large Saloon of the
Assembly Biuldings, on the 10th, 17th, 18',h and
10th of December.
The Roceipts were $2,177 20
ExpoDses, 37(5 05
Balance, $1,800 25
The committee report with much satisfaction the
result of their labors this year. As in times
past, they have been successful.
Besides the Tables furnished by friends in the
city, there were others supplied ny iMornstowu,
Germantown, Cheltenhills, Wakefield, Newtown,
Bristol, Chester Co., Byberry, Abington and New
Jersey. Contributions were reoieved from Kim
berton, Lawrenceville, Downingtown, Kennett,
Longwood, Christiana, Media, Milton, Salem and
We also recioved, through tho liberality of our
coadjutors in Boston, beautiful and rare articles
from Europe, which commanded a ready sale.
A very acceptable donation of 10 was recieved
from a friend in London.
Even after the great outlay of money made by
.. . 1 L .i'L
tnany in the political oampaign inrougn w uicn
the country has just passed, there were still bands
and hearts to oontribute funds to aid in spreading
before tlie people the radical doctrines of the Ab
olitionists. whose watchwords are, "Immediate
Emancipation," "Nu Union with Slaveholders.
Those who were among the earliest laborers in
this department of anti slavery work, felt cheered
by the earnest and effective cooperation of many
who have grown up under the influence of our or
ganizations; giving promise that laborers shall not
fail till the wrongs and agonies of tho slave shall
Also from the south-land came one identified by
birth and education with tho slaveboler, and by
legal relations with the slave as his owner, to work
with us and to testify to the truthfulness of the
principles which we advocate , to assure us, by
the oheerful personal sacrifices made to carry them
out, that we aro not demanding more of the mas
ter than his own conscience, enlightened bv the
Spirit of God, acknowledges to be just, and there
fore obligatory on him to practise.
Great interest was added to the occasion by ad
dresses delivered on two evenings by Wm. Lloyd
The Committee would urge early nnd energetic
labor for the Fair of Eighteen Hundred and Fifty
Seven. On behalf of the Committee,
- Maruaretta Fokten.
The Boston Bazaar. The last Liberator
states the receipts of the Boston Bazaar at up
wards of $5,000. It says :
The Anti-Slavery Bazaar closed in this city on
Saturday evening last. We confess that in view
of the exhausting pecuniary tax which was so uni
versally laid during the late Presidential election,
and with reference to the Kansas struggle, we an
ticipated that tho recoipts of the Bazaar would
fall considerably below thoso of last year; but we
are happy to be able to state that they have never
been so large as this year exceeding the hand
some sum of Five Thousand Dollars. In due
season, our readers will be furnished with all the
particulars fron the pen of Mrs. M. W. Chapman,
for their gratification and encouragement.
How it Pays. The Journal of Commerce of
New York the very beau ideal of a northern dough
faced prjslavery paper, seems to have earned very
little southern patrunage by us crawling servility.
It states 'that an examination of its bouks shows
that if every southern subscribers were to discon
tinue his paper to-morrow, it would make no per
ceptible impression upon the profit of our busi
ness'. Pray why dues it oontinue its disgraceful
pandering to this minority? Is it from sheer love of
meaness T Or is it because it finds ample pay from
noi thorn eervilet. This latter doubtless is the
Governor tV right of Indiana reoomends an
appropriation by the state for the colonization of
free persons of color. The legislature is in the
habit of making an annual appropriation fur this
purpose. It is a proper appendage of the iufa
mous black lawe of the state which, with a pro'
vision of its constitution are all designed to expel
this class of population from the state.
The Western PrESAGi is a new and beautifully
printed paper, started at Indiauapolis. It
seems to be republican, with specially strong antl
Toe Ohio Cultivator. This old friend of tho
Farmer, the Gardner, and their families, appears
iu new type, and makes an appearanoe befitting
the good cause it so earnestly advocates.
Hon. J. Hunter Representative from this coun
ty will please accept onr thanks for a copy of the
Annual Report of the Auditor of lat,
MEMORIAL TO THE LEGISLATURE.
It is requested that all favorable to the measure
set forth In the following memorial will use their
nBuence to have it ciroulated In their respective
localities, and when all tho names pxasibls are ob
tained, forward it to the Senator or Representative
of the district In which the signers reside.
To the Senate and House of of
the State of Ohio.
The Memorial of the undersigned, citirtnr f
County, Ohio, respeotfully represents,
That from the nature of the case and from all our
past experience, it is manifest that the existing
union betwoen the free and slave States involve
all the supporter of our national government in
tho support of American Slavery that the Union,
instead of securing to us and our posterity the'
blessings of liberty, has been and still is the most
efficient moans of crushing out the personal liberty"
of tho citizens of all the States nod of versei-
uating and extending Slavery ; and as there is ns"
possibility of amending or altering the Federal4
Constitution while the present Union lasts ; And
as the advantages which as citixens of Ohio s
can derive from the general government oaa be
more certainly and abundantly secured outside ot
the Federal Union, therefore we request that yo
will take the necessary preliminary measures for
the withdrawal of Ohio from the present Union,
and the establishment of a government whioh
shall be uncompromisingly the friond and sus.
porter of liberty for all its inhabitants.
Meeting at Fairkoint The friends ef free
dom in Fairmount will bold a meeting to consider
the requisitions of the cause npon'them and oth
ers, on Saturdat and Slndat the 17th and 18tk
inst. The meetings will be held at Friends Meet
ing House, and commence on the 17th at one
o'clock P. M. M. R Robinson will be creieal
with otbors to participa to in the discussion.
A Concert. We owe an apology for failing t
notice a ooncert (it is attributable solely to our for
getfulness, as a week intervened between the cos
cert and the issue of our paper) projected and no
bly persevered in by two young ladies of our Tovft
in aid of the cause of freedom. It is true the oon
cert was not numerously attended, and the pecu
niary results were by no means what they should
have been. But this is to the detriment of these
staying away as well as of the funds it was de
signed to augment. The Concert was given after
the close of the late anti-slavery Fair, by Mrs. Se-
pbia Cornwell, Miss Emma Griffingand Miss Cor-
leha Watson. At the request of the sudieno
Mr. Charles Cornwell also sung the "New Found
land Dog," greatly to their satisfaction. The
singing and especially the music on the piano by
the young ladies, was very superior and did great
credit to their taste and skill, while Mrs. Corn-
well in the estimation of the oonnoisseurs present
quite surpassed herself in the artistia skill ef her
execution, and confessedly she has no superior ia
musical knowledge and attainment, in tbie re
gion. The music advertised on the bills was
of a character with wbioh our eitiscae tenerall
were not familiar which in part accountsjfor Ike)
thinnoss of tho audience.
Passing into tni Wuite Column. From a Lsj
isiana paper we learn that the free colored popu
lation of that State are declining in numbers -There
were in 1840, 25,502 free colored people ia
the State of Louisiana. But in 1850, the number
had decreased to 17,462. In the third municipali
ty of New Orleans, they fell off fruj 8,704 ia,
1840 to 3,524 in 1850. The census man remarks
that "the colored persons who are known te have
left the city, will nut account for this decline."
One of the reasons he gives for this great decrease
is that "they are passing into the white column t"
HONESTY OF THE SLAVES.
We frequently bear that the slaves are prever
bially dishonest. Why should nut they be, it may
be asked, under such examples as are set before
them from infancy? Robbed of all their rights,,
and of tho fruits of all their lahor, it is natural
enuugh that they should imitate their masters and
become robbers themselves; if indeed taking the
fruits of their labor can justly be considered
robbery. Mr. Beecber, in a late discourse,
related the case of a fugitive slave, who
beiore he fled, took his master's purse.
On arriving at Now York, he reckoued up
what ho bad expended on tho juurney, and made
an estimate nf what it would cost to get to Canada.
These he deducted fr ini the money in his possess
ion and sent the rest baok to his late master, by
Another more remarkable instance is known to.
the writer of this article. A young female slave
in Maryland, held by a slave trader, and who was
in training for the Southern market, had the confi
dence nf her master tu suoh a degree, that in hie
absence from home, he frequently left in her care
his treasures. Having determined to attempt her
escape from the doom which she saw awaited her,
she left on the centre table of the parlor, the nieht
of her departure, a valuable gold watch, and $300
in money, with lncli she had been entrusted! Abe
master advertised hor, and offered a reward ef
$500 for her recovery, but the "prey had fled."
Under the guidance of a philanthr'iphist, sbe safe
ly arrived in Queen Victoria's dominions. Amtr
A Buchanan Paper Jubilant over the Rt-
VIVaL or THE SLAVE 1RAOE. -Alio iOW Aura
Dav Book, an ardent sujinorter of Mr. Buubanan,
has hud its sensibilities sadly outragod by those
members of Cungress who vuted against the revi
val of tho Slave Trade. After publisbiug Mr.
Ethridge's resolution it says t
"Wa nuhlish it for the esueoial benefit of oor
Southern frien Is, and, at the same time, solemnly
ask them huw we are to make headway against
this atrocious crusade against the bouth, when they
themselves nut only harbor traitor in their midst.
but actually houor them with seats in tns national
Legislature! The mover of this infamous res
In the same strain it proceeds to speak of lb
Slave Trade in general. We quote :
"Now, can it be possible, or is it in the nature
of things possible, that bringing these negreee
here is wrung ? Can it be wrung to transform
rude and brutal savages into useful and happy
Christians T Or can it be right to carry thtae
negrues back to Africa, to transfunn Christian
beings into roaming, semi-boitial savages f 'Ye,'
the civilized world say 'yes' say the toadies and
lacquies of kings and aristocrats 'yes say the
upholders of European oppression all these whe
desire to preserve artificial distinotiunt among;,
those God lias jiado equal 'yes,' say the deluded,
ami debauched Abolitionists, and 'yea' says the.
moral and humane Mr. Etbridge 1 But this ie,
only one side ol the case, though it it abundantly
sufficient to convince any sane man that a stamen-',
dous imposture is practiced somewhere."
Cannot some Suutbern nabob give this demente4.
locofuuo a place as overseei on bis plantation
83rWe understand that Senator Bjown of
Purtage county, will submit the report of tha
committee appointed at the last session, to investi
gate the manner n which appropriation! wr
public buildings bave been expended. It revesla
the ".State of Denmark" to have Uen exceedingly
rotten," , '