Newspaper Page Text
BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
'.VO UXIOX WITH SLA YEH OLDEIiS."
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING! AGENT.
VOL. 15. NO. 10.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1S0O.
WHOLE NO. 771.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
JOC03B LIVES OF THE CANDID 1TES.
The New York Mercury, under the head of
'Our Great Biographical Enterprise,' thus nmns
in.t nrad ii, A i:Aa ..r u j;ir..i Y...,:.i.,...:..i
.. . , , . . .
eandidaies now before tho people for their euffra -
... . . .
ges, Members of all parties can find something
" . . . r l i
V lllligg l U ruillU Ul l.lCIIJ.f
i.tF OF AnRArtA'i LINCOLN.
By one who knows him.
The subject of our biogrphy was lorn at Bun
ker Hill, on tho Fourth of July, 177G, and win
one of the original signers of tho precious docu
ment which sealed our liberties on that day. We
t!er to tlio Declaration of Independence. His
father's namo was Mr. Lincoln, his mothor's.
Mrs. Lincoln, and if he had sisters, thev were
known as the Misses Lincoln. At tho ago of 'twoj
years, young Abraham commenced splitting rails,
for a living, singing bea-jtir.il hymns while so en-:
gaged, and displaying all thoso noblo virtues rur
which ho has since been distinguished. When ho
was about ten years old, Bo.tun suddenly became
tho hub of the universe, and required so much;
greasing that cloanly people woro obliged to move
.i.jr. jii .uuuiuo vium i-j iniuuis, wncre,
ADraiiam Decamo tlie iib-lost lawyer in the Stale in
loss lua.i a wee, biiu icarneu 10 cnew tobacco.
His reputation for eloquence was unparalleled
and as a specimen of his wit we givo the following
On one occasion Mr. Lincoln was splitting a
rail in the parlor of Jutlgo Douglas's residence,
when the latter joined him, and thinking to make
a good joke about our hero's extreme leanness,
'Why, Abo, you are a rail yourself.'
t. Lincoln looked up from his work with that
sublime glare which has often petrified a world,
and gravely responded:
'You, sir, aro the reverso of a rail.'
Douglas immediately grasped his hat and cu-
vv Vaft, nvuv If u.ll ' 111; lull, itllli ilSKl'U Hie
tM,' i.;.. .... i:...i '
.. . r -
'Why,' replied the President, 'the reverse of rail
is rail spelt backwards.'
Sinco then, Douglas and Lincoln hvo been
. Tho subject of our biography wis defeated by
Mr. Douglas for tho United Statos Senato, in 1854,
on account of sickness in the family, and has
since been known as 'Honest Old Abo' to the
whole country. He is a mnn of unflinching in
tegrity, and though ho chews tobacco at present,
will not choose tho Weed for a companion if elec
N. B. Tho author of this biography died im
meiiiatciy a'ter penning the above work.
LIFE OF STEPHEN ARNOLD DOUGLAS.
By one icho has Icnutcn him since he was so hiyli
Mr. Douglas was born at Bennington, Vermont,
on the Fourth of July, 1770, and demonstrate! tliu
utility of Squatter Sovereignty before he threw c (1
bis crinoline. His parents belonged to a noble
Scotch family, and when S;ophen was two years
old, they emigrated with him to Illinois. I; va
during this journey that he gavo vent to a remark
which hlia since becotiib classical. Ilia f.i:! er
otkod him if he would havo an apple, nnd, on re
ceiving an answer in tho affirmative, made a 'split'
in it preparatory to dividing it into two pieces
when Mr. Douglas suddenly grasped tho whole,
'The Union must and shall bo preserved,'
This immortal sentence was immediately tele
graphed to all the papers in the United States and
Canada, and procured the election of Mr, Douglas
to the offico of Judgoof good whioiie', aa Goon as
he arrived in Illinois. When about ten years old,
he commenced writinp for Harper's Magazine, j
and finally contributed a series of humorous arti
cles to tho editorial columns of the Chicago 'limes.
Just before his election to tho Senate latt time, an
exploit of hi; gavo birth to this
. Wbilo Mr. Douglas and his gigantio opponent,
Lincoln, were canvassing the State, they agreed
to hold a debate at Quincy, and allow the people
to decide which had the strongest claim to their
Totes. The meeting was a large oue, and it did
not take long for Douglas to get tho better of the
argument, finding the battle going agaiust turn
tincolu drow bis form to its utmost height, and i
looking down at the short figure of his rival, said,
ery pompously :
'Mr. Douglas, I cannot look at you without
thinking of a passage of Scripture.'
'What is that 1" asked our hero, good humored-
'The way of the wicked is short,' responded
Lincoln, and fainted away.
The crowd applauded tremendously, but Doug
las was not to be outdone. Waiting until Lin.
ooln had revived, he quietly said :
'And you remind me, Mr. Lincoln, of another
- 'What is that?' asked Linooln.
' ' 'How long 1 O Lord, how long?" responded
Douglas. He was elected.
' By way of concluding our biography, we give
ibe following extract from one of Mr. Douglas's
most eloquent speeches :
." Squatter sovereignty.gentleinen, great
applause, 'j is cot the right of one man over an
other man, accorded by tho constitution, but the
right of anotbor man over this rtian, or that mau
ovei this man, where man is willing that man
should be his own man, Independent of every
other man. This, gentlemen, is squatter sover
eignty, without mitigation.' Great enthusiasm.
LIFE OF JOHN BELL.
fit) an Intimate Acquaintance.
The Hon. John Boll was born on Mason and
Dixon't land, of rich, but pious parents, o'nd was
noted for his ringing voice. His extremo pcrsonul
beauty suggested that delicious poem in which the
peel asks hii friend, Brandon r
'Did you ever see the bea'utiful Bell,- Brandon ?'
He spent ilie earlier years of his life on a plan
tation, acquiring biiuIi fine cuhi vrition, th it his
epistolary efforts ate regarded witli admiration
by tlio whole world, unil no mnn is conridrrel a
good scholar who is not familiar with Bell's let
ters. As Mr. Bell grew to manhood, he gradually
eschewed all youthful society, and cultivated 'eld'
'gentlemen exclusively, and was noted lor Ins ven-
i , . i .,
icrabiO virtues. On ono occasion, ho won the
j , . , , . f , , . , . , f ,.. ,
friendship of a tea-total society of old maids under
the following circumstances : Being asked if be
believed tho use of tobacoo to bo injurious, fio
promptly replied :
If tobacco is chewed in a certain way, it will
do no harm to any one.'
'How is that V asked an sntiqunlod Miss.
'It should be ea-chewed,' returned the eminent
In reference to lilt. Bell's public career, they
t0H 'he following
Aa Mr. Boi, wa8 B(linR Umn t!l0 Sl.nilt0 clmm.
-r t , his hotel, after delivering his celebrated
sf.cech on the reopening of tho slave trade, he
w 0VCrtakcn by a prominent politician from one
(lf , XarWwn SoR, bo saluted him with :
T 15,11 Wil, wm, .,,..Bh nf t(1,.rs:
,ut yu llre always toi s.deu.n, and your friends
have told you so often.'
.Wrll, readied tho Senate r, 'bow can a Bell help
p0m .,,lPIlin. when it i r. nf.on ?
Immediately after this, the sul ject of our mem
oir was seized with a severe fit of sickness; yet
even that did not quench his ppirit. When the
doctor osked him how lie felt; oho morning, he re
'Oh, I feel all sound, liko any other Bell.'
If Mr. Bell is rlcctcd to stay at home, Lo will
ad urn that position and write for tho Ledger.
LIFE OF BRECKINBRIDGE.
LIFE OF BRECKINBRIDGE. By A Miner.
1 ' l l
ejand itis o qucsiion with us whether
Tho subject of our story was lorn cn the day
of his birth, on the Cincinnati Platform, and is
chiefly noted f..r his eloquent f-ilenco on all public
occasions. Being of a liery disposition, the Breck
inridge coil was nppnq l iately named after him;
ho is the
more noted as a duelist or a fuelist
We can say
little moru of h'nu than that ho was born of South,
crn, but bor.est parents, and has acquired some
fame as an artilleriot by his management of the
celebrated Buchanan, which will be discharged on
the 4ih of March next. Mr. Breckinridge is rath
er sharp in conversation, as is proved by tho following
In the rear of Mr. Breckinridge's private resi
dence is a green eward, on which is located a pen
for hogs. Ono day, while ho was standing by this
pen (then empty) w ith a friend, watching tho mo
tions of a hog that was luxuriously rooting the
sward just before them, one of the negroes came
from the house nnd filled the trough of tho tig
pun with swill. The hog beard the gush of the
swill, and looked w iai fully toward the pen,, and
then back at the place whero he had bceu rooting;
as though undecided what to do about it. Final
ly, however, the swill prevailed, and, with a deci
sive grunt ho trotted toward tho pen.
Turning to his friend, Mr. Breckinridge said :
'If that hog could speak, v hat line of Bulwcr's
drama of 'Riyhelieu' might ho appropriately
The friend didn't hnovr.
'Why,' exclaimed Breeliihridge. 'ho might trulj
say : 'The pen is mightier than the sward 1' '
That night tho friend died of measles.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 11.
THE THEATRICAL DEMOCRACY,
Reorganized and Newly Eqnipied fur tho"Travel
ling" Season of ltfGO, will perform iu several
Southern Cities and a few small towns in
the North during the Summer and
Solo Lessee and Director of
Amusements, Mr. L. Y'ancey
Acting and Stage Manager, John Slioell
Promptor, Jas. Goruok Bennett
G. W. Bowman
Sig. Jeff. Davisimo
Master of the Ballett,
SuPoa' J"9- Buchanan, John C. Breckinridgo.and
Mr. Yancey respectfully announces that his
Company has been selected for the express purpose
of producing in an inimitable manner,
AND FUNNY LITTLE SONGS,
Affording t) the people a eeriog of
Appropriate to the hot season.
THE STOCK COMPANY.
Includes Iho following well-known actors:
Mr. WM. L. YANCEY, "walking gentleman,"
player of light, amusing parts, and Singer of
Funny Littlo Songs,
Mr. JOHN SLIDELL, "first old man," anil au
thor of "Plaquemine" a jolly good thing, if
you don't care what you say.
Sig. JEFF. DAVISIMO, the celebrated' half bush
el danoer and Mississippi Contortionist,
Mr. LEWIS CASS, "first old woman," and play
er of weak female parts,
Mr. JESSE D. BRIGHT, tho Great Booby per
former and graphic dolinoator of the Northern
Mr. FITCH, the Quack Dootor, dirt-eatcr, io.
Mr. J. P. BENJAMIN, the Southern Snap Man
and Wiud Instrument performer.
Mr. CALEB CUSIUNG. tho "Stugo Villian,"
also tlio acrobat and contortionist, who will twist
himself into a Webster Whig, a Sumner Ahull,
liorist, a Pierce Democrat, and a Davis Firo
oatcr, Secessionist and Bolter.
Mr. ROGER A. PRYOR, tho eater of fire will
"act out" his imiusing part of Clay in tho hands
of tho Potter.
Together with a host of lesser lights, including!011'
Mat. Johnson, tho call-boy anj carpet-shaker;
Il,i,pi.,.t,w ii. t , ti,...i . r..
ters, Chas. Augustus Schcll, Charley Green,
Iko Toucey, &o., &c. ' '
Very Base Drum,
J ' " .''
. Richmond Euijuirer.
New Orleans Courier,
Mow iurk llorald.
D ni't know-w hat. in the-devil-it-is,
FidJlo (any tuno that pays),
N. Y. News,
2i d Penny Wliisile,
3rd Penny Whistle, Cleveland National Domocrat.
Among Iho Broad Farces :n the rcpcrtoiro of t'.iis
Company will bo found tho oxooedingly
funny pieces called
WASN'T WE SMART AT
J.YT WE OLD
AIN'T WE SOME MUSH ON A RAG.
Cast to the cntiro strength of tho Company
obbcrs, thieves, by numerous auxiliaries.
The Side Show!!
Attending the Theatrical Democracy, and owned
Contains a Buck Rabbit and a bass drum; and
Whitney, tho M issachueetts lionclcss Man, will
iuvariably oppear when ho says ho won't.
THE THEATRICAL DEMOCRACY,
Flattered by tho trust placed in thorn, pledge
themselves to never repudiate that trust so long
as they can get any body to trust theni.
PRICES OF ADMISSION
Postmasters, collectors, routo agents, clerks and
and government stipendiorics genornlly, Half
No other persons ore expected.
Set5"Look out for the Theatrical Democracy!
From the (N. Y.) State League.
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
Nothing to us is moro plain than that tho Re
publican party is not to be relied on as the party
of Freedom ; and though they may succeed this
year, broken up nnd divided as their opponents
aro, before another Presidential election thoro will
be a radical abolition party in the field, and con
servative Republicanism and Douglas d mocrucy
will bo found acting unitedly together. Tho dif
ference between them is now mcrrly nominal-
Douglas' squatter sovereignty is to bo modified by
tho doctrine as held by Mr. Thayer, a Republican
Member of Congress, from Massachusetts, and be-
como a prominent plank in tho Republican plat
form. Mr. Thayer would give the riftht to the in
habitants of a new lemtory to
.n ik) ttnir own laws and form their own tn
s'itulions, wi'hout any enabling act of Congress;
the U. S. Government having no right tointervane
except to take care of its property in said teri i
Wo know many democrats who think this tho
only true ground, and they will readily uniio with
thtir republican brethren in its support. In this
way saja conservatism, tho troublesome slavery
question can bo disposed of and the party become
popular nnd predominant.
From recent articles in tho Tribuno nnd the
times,' it is plaiuly to bs soen they aro already fa
voring this d.ict'ino, nt ore also quite a number of
tho present Republican Membera of Congrefs.
The party have ruined themselves by their un
called for concessions to Blavery. They have been
always read), hat ib hand, to assure slaveholders
they did not Intend to interfere with slavery in the
several states and territories where it is already
established, and Mr. Lincoln assures them that he
would be for admitting a now state with slavery if
tho pecplti desire it. They only mean to prevent
it from going into territorej where it has not al
ready gone. Can Sumner, Lovejoy, our own Sedg
wick and many others, narrow down their opposi
tion to this infernal institution to this point?
If the people who like slavery are to continue it
where it now is, why not let a majority of tho peo
ple introduce it where it is not, if thoy wish to do
so. Wo ask our Republican friends if toeir posi
tion li not clearly illogical and Inconsistent.
The doctrine of squat'.er sovereignly as taught
by Thayer, is a thousand times more consistent
thau this kind of opposition to slavery where there
ia no slavery to oppose.
Gentlemen, there is only one of two ways open
belore you, you must take eitlur, Squatter Sover
eignty, or Radical Abolition. On the former plat
form you are sure of defeat, on tho lattor euie of
Many oi the religious people of the United Sutes
take a deep interest in the welfare of souls in
foreign lands, and thousands of dollars are annu
ally expended, contributed alike from the coffers
of the opulent, ami the scanty earnings" of the In
digent wash-woman, to swell the rising tide of
golden efforts, check the teeming throng of heath
en mortals in their downward career, and dircot
their footsteps heavenward. What proportion of
tbo serving woman's fifty cents reaches the donu
ded and worm-eating Ashantce or Dahomey is not
""d 'lvcnturers from Iho Congi, Guinea and
"umoroui 0,"cr f'jes, have, at a much less ex
lirv pendituro of money and talent than it has cost cur
for mo to cypher out at present, but the posibili
ty is, that ii many cases eightv por cent, of it is
not pormitted to rust by passing over tho briny
deep. But this misiionary spirit is not monopo
lized by modern American and European apostles;
tor the inspiration has also readied sunny Al'ri
! f000 ,0 'Mn'rl1"" ilieir beliefs among our anti-
podes, succeeded most admiraMy in in'ueing their
1 religion in nor n iimtrir nn.i f.Ti,,n,r,i.,r it. nrantiiv
al ffect nver fifteen American states.
An.l Bl..l .1.... il.:. r: ...i: t 1.
those American people win have been converted
by its preaching, and induced to bow down to
j pr0COpt9 , practioea ? Since tho year of our
j Llrj K promulgated, by ili missionaries,
ouniberin-mill1' :ns. rob herv. tlielt. concubinaaei
ignorance. murder all nlilnd in nno which consti -
tuiej Aukrican Si.avkkv. So iniolont and stu -
pid, and obtuse as thejo missionaries aio, their la
bors among us have not been without tremendous
influence. What are the facts ? In Africa the
most do'jased tribes kidnap, steal each other when"
ever opportunity offers; an 1 their followers in this
country do the sinie. Iu Africa, ain.ng those
who havo furnished us so many missionaries, con"
icubinago prevails and tho marriago relation is the
eioeption. Among those Bedouins and similar
tribes in the hot country, 'might ia light,' and they
rob each other because they can do su.
There, too, the dark pall cf inoranae overhangs
tho people, more swart, if possible, than tho glis-
toning epidermis of the.se tropical sons. Reckless
as tho Indian thugs, and savago as cannibals, these
benighted tribes slaughter each other with the
same composure that a butcher evinces in slaying
a calf. To a civilized, Christian people all this
looks horrible, and is truly repulsive to tho heart
that has a singlo throb cf humanity left.
Suppose (if such a thing wore possible) the Ash
antccs were printing a missionary paper, wha!
sort of a document would they present to those
who have furnuhci fathers, mothers, sisters,
brothors, to (to them) bonighted Americana to use
as they sec lit ? With truth they coulj say
We aro fur Irotu thoso heathen Americans, but
we have an immense influenc3 over them Our
missionaries havo successfully taught them ignor
ance, so that in some of the Btatos one in five, and
in others, one in throe, is unable to real. This is
htpeful those favored provinces will soon be cn
our level. Our people theio are amply protected
by law against the inroads of light. As to the
lolisa custom ot marriage in those missions, a
small portion of the lowest pcoplo still profess
respect for it, but praieb tliu gods, the mass of
them ore practically with us. With pride can wc
point to tho myriads of proofs of freo amalgama
tion, in the shapoof mulattoes, whose paronts, we
are sure, never submitted to tho silly whim of!-
marriago. Why, there is ono province (Utah) of
the realm, now, to much like us that every man
can havo as many wives as ho pleases. Thus our
influences and customs nre appreciated by those
most iikb us in taste ana practice, isor are our
other cheristcd svstcms overlooked.
what wo can get without paying for it : and our
catechumen are apt rchular in this department.
They think nothing of stealing us from our arid
climes, and leave no rav. and when our minion-1
aries arrive there they take all their work for noth
ing take all their wives, their husbands, nnd
their children on the eamo terms, and tako their
liberty tc o. This is as much as we can do in tlie
way of robbery praise the gods ! We also, or.
exciting occasions, if a fellow makes us a little
mad, catch him nnd burn bim alive. For instance,
wo steal all tho wives wo can, but if others do so
wo kindlo the pile nnd give them warm receptions.
Exactly so do our missions demean themselves in
some of the American provinces whero our cus
toms lead tbo fashion.
Thrill we, whoso souls cn-darkenod
With ignorance from below,
Shall we to minds we'vo guided
On downward trip say, wo ?
Is this an exagerated picture? Let those who
doubt read the record. Humiliating as it is, who
can successfully confute such a missionary record
as the foregoing, oven if made in Guinea, nnd by
the high priest whose necklace may consist of the
entrails of a slain enon.y ? Truly, Africa, in her
most bonighted regions, can exult over the idea
that her sable sons have admirably succeeded in
imp'anting their manners, customs, laws and re
ligion in America.
NORTHERN COLLEGE BY A SOUTHERN
The New Orleans Ticayune gives the following
skotch of Oberlin.
It is one of the most pregnant proofs and illus
trations of the fact that we inhabit the freest
country, and live under the freest institutions in
the world, that, oin.ie the year 1834, there has
been permitted to exist within our borders such a
collogiate establishment as Oberlin College, Ohio;
an institution whose teachings and inculcations,
aud whose influences and practical results, are all
in the manifest direction of the most traitorous
hostility to the Constitution and the laws of the
In the year above named, this collcgo was foun
ded, under the direction of a sect calling them
solves Evangelical Congregationalists; their evan
gel being treason, and their neophytes and cate
chumons boing a congregation of incipient traitots.
Tho founding of this school desecrated the name
of tho celebrated pastor of Walback. iu Switzer
land, by calling it after his came. It is locatod
in the tract known as "The Western Reserve"
so long represented in Congress by the notorious
Giddings the very center of Abolitionism, where
(as truly says a late New York Journal of Com
morse) the people are born abolitionists, and
where Abolitionism is taught as "the, chief end
of man," and often put in practice. Negroes are
matriculated at this institution as freely aa whites,
and neither age nor sex form any distinotion in
the admission of pupils. Tboy are aent there to
learn treason, just as in Christian communities
chiluien are sen! to the Sabbath, or secular school
' losophy, "the highor law," and resioisnco to the j
itsllaw of the land. The end of all this teaching is,
I well summed up by our New York contemporary j
! ' Oberlin is tho nursery of ail suub. men as John '
The uso their teachers make of all the usual bran
ches of education is to inculcato principles ol .deep
hostility to the best interests of their count'.
1'ho practical application, fur example, of arithme
tic, at Obcrlin, is to compute tho number of slaves
in tho Union, and their valuo per caput. Geogra-
,jliy is only considered useful at teaching those
who learn it the boundary lines, and those locali -
ties of dlavo territory supposed to bo favorablo to.
j emancipation, together with the la; the under-
: K'ouod railroad, nnd the proper rtf.tiuus along it,
I at which 10 rest on their war to Canada. tVith
I history, at Oberlin, ate learned the chronicles of
Sa nn.nli A r inol if uli.i 11- nnit IV il ll At h inn mw? nlii.
1 Brown and his fullowors. . . . The irradu -
1 ates aro Musters of Art in Abolitionism, and, with
tho acquirement of their dogrees; are prepared to go
a degrco or two further if occasion requires. Here
is wherfl the younger "Browns" obtain their con
scientiousness in ultraism, taught from their cra
dle up, so that, while they rub slaveholders oi
their property, or commit murder for tho cause of
freedom, they imagine that thoy are doing God
Tlio lust published catalogue of Oberlin College
rcpro cuts the institution us in a flourishing con
dition, and shows a total of l,2o0 students, of
whom 4S0 are fvmnk-a. Rev. Charles G. Finney
is the President. The r. timber of alumni, up to
this year's commencement, was 77, of whom 133
aro pr cachers. Lucy Stone and some others of the
abolition sisterhood, graduated here. There are
numerous teachers'; and attached to the College is
a library of 5,000 volumes. Tbey have a news
paper and a quarterly review connected with the
institution, and inculcating its peculiar doctrines.
We havo boon thus particular in giving the facts
connected with this pernicious collegiate establish
ment, because we would fain have our readers ao
quaintel with one of tha mist fruitful sources of
thaao d.ingors to our institution? which, accumu
lating rind gaining strength with every year's
lapso, and njw threatening tho integrity of the
Union and the best interests of our country; and
because we would show that it is not political
parti, inship and demagnguical self-seeking alone
which havo brought these evils upon us, though
they have not been inefficient to that eud, but that
it is iO misguided religious zeal, heatod to the
esttreuio ot fanaticism, that we are indebted for
the propagation of dogmas and principles, the
tendency of which is to uverthrow all thdt ij valu-
able in our political p.yetem
THE FOURTH AT FRAMINGHAM, MASS.
From the proceedings of the Framingham uieetr
ing, wo copy tho speech of II. Fold Douglass(
which we aro cure will bo perused with iuterest
by our readers. In presenting him to the meet
ing, the Chairman said,
In introducing the speaker who will next address
JUU' e',u" 'mve occasion to mention a Dame which
1 thillk' wi" 8urI'se jou to hear,
witu tlli8 cu,"Pan3 this place
NVllcn 1 "" tllut the ePeak''
71 .. I 1 If.. ll... I - f
is to bo Mr.
Chicago ('.), 1
"""'J ' aUl Mr' """U" "J
think it w ill naturally excite a thrill of surprise in
the breasts ol nil tho inhabitants of this country
-ucmocrats ui an types anu snaues, ici. iavcreit
! men uuu j.upuuncaus imu lur. jjuuijtuss uj cm-
. ... 1 l. 1. 1- . .1.... Ii ....I . a- ru
caijo, thould appear at an unti slavory meDtiug on
.i.-i.. i.. i t..i-- ; . i- . i
tuorouru. o, ou.y, jusi anno very opening 0I "e
1 (Laughter.) I have never had the pleas-
ure of seeing the candidate for tho Presidency who I
bears that name, and, therefore, I cannot answer
lor you whether this is the geulloman or not ; but
you will probably find out by the time he ie
iurouSi. auontcr anu appiause.; .ur iA,ug,ass,oi
SPEECH OF H. FORD DOUGLASS.
Ik. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : I hope
that my fiiends will not do mo the injuetice to sup
pose for a single moment, that I havo uny conneo.
lion, either by flood or politically, with Stephen
Arnold Douglas, of Chicago. I am somewhat
proud of the namo uf Douglass. It was once, in
the history of dear old Scotia, a tower of strength
on the side cf free principles ; and so firmly did
thoy oppose tho usurpations of royal power, thiit
on one of the Kings of Scotland coming to the
throne, be issued an edict expelling from his realm
every man who bore thut hated name ; and I can
not account for tho signal departure from the an.
cicnt and hereditary principles by one who bears
that name, upon any other thoory than that of bas
tard blood (applauee.)
Thoro are a great many people in this country
who seem to be iu love with Stephen A. Douglas,
and to regard bim as a great statesman. It seems
to mo thut there are certain elements necessary to
true statesmanship. In the first place, a states
man must have a heart ibat ia one of the essen.
tial elements of statesmanship. Now, who sup
poses that Stephen A. Douglas has a heart? t
cannot account for the existence of so mean
a man as Douglas on any other theory than
that of tbo transmigration of souls. It was held
by one of tho old philosophers of Greece, that
when a man died somebody was born, and that
the soul of the dead entered the bjjdy ot tho new
born ; but when Douglas was born nobody bapi
pened to die 1 (Laughter and applause.)
But, ladies oud gentlemen, I bad no intention of
making these remarks. We are here for the pur
pose of celebrating the Fourth of July. Eighty
four years ago to-day this nation bad its birth. We
stand, to-day, a govarmontal'prodigy, surpassing,
in an extraordinary growth, any of the States of
ancient or modern times. But nations who seek
success amid the possibilities of the future are not
measured by tho accumulation of wealth', nor by
breadlu ot territorial domain. Far down beueatb
the glittering splendor which' the jewelled band of
Croesus has lifted up to intoxicate the gaze of the
unthinking multitude, there will Le fouDd a silent
and resistless influeuco, workiug its way beneath
the surface of society, and shaping the destiny of
When John Adams wrote (hat this would always
povrcr 0f whieh I am speaking, that has possession -canvass
uf lbo Fcderill Government. What does he pro.
to dl) ? simplj t0 ,et , peop!o ond lh
Territories regulate their domestic institutions in
lLeir 0WQ way Iu ,,, Rreut d(lbate betKeco Lin;
c&n and Douglas, in lllinois.when he was interna
be a day ot bonfire sod rejoicing, he did not. fore,
seo the evils which half a century would bring,
when his own son, standing in his place amid the
legislators of the Republic, would shame posterity
into a brave indifference to (ts empty ccjijrp jnies.
John Qoiocy Ad. ms said, twenty years ago, that
'the preservation, propngation and perpetuation of
slavery is the vital and animating spirit of the na-
tionnl government and this truth is no less ap-
parent to. day. Lvery department of our national
life the President's chair, the Sooato of (he Unit;
ed Slates, the Supreme Court, and the American
pulpit is occupiod and controlled by the dark
Rftiri t nf Amnrinin il ivrtl v Wa knaa fnii iBliaa
in this country that have marshalled the:nse!ves
on tho highway of American tiolitics, asking .'for
tho votes' of tho American people to placo them in
possession of the goverrment. We have .what U
called the Union tarty, led bv Mr. Bell, of Ten.
nessce ; wo have what is called the Democratic
party, led by Stephen A. Douglas, of illinoitj we
have the party called the Socc lers, or the Slave
Code Democrat, led by John C. Breckenridge, of
Kentucky ; and then we havo the Republican par
ty, led by Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois. . A II ot
these parties ask for your support, because fhejr
profess to represent some principle. So far as. tliu
principles ot freedom and the hopes of the black
man aro concerned, al) these parties are barren
and unfruitful ; neither of them eceks to lift tb.3
negr a out of his fetters, and rescue this day from
odium and disgrace.
Take Abraham Lincoln. I want toknow if any
man can tell me the difference between the anti
slavery of Abraham Lincoln acdlba ar.ti-slavery
of the old Whig party, or the anti-slavery of Henry
Clay? Why, there is no difference botween thorn.
Abraham Lincoln is simply a Henry Clay Whig)
and he believes just as Henry Clay believed in
regard to this question. And Henry Clay was
just as odious to the antj-slavery cause and anti
slavery men as over was John 0. Calhoun. In fact
he did as much to perpetuate tegro slavery in this
country as any other man who hag ever lived.
Henry Cluy once said, "That is property whiidj
the law declares to be property," and that "two
hundred years of legislation have, sanctioned and
sanctified t roporty in slaves!" Wherever Henry
Clay is to-day, in the universe of God, that athe-
istio lie is with him, with all its tormenting memo
ries (app'ause.) . i
I know Abraham Lincolu, and I . know some
thing about his anti slavery. I know the Republi
cans do nut like this kind of talk, because, while,
they are willing to steal our thunder, they are un
willing to submit to the conditions imposed upon
tiiat parly that assumes to le anti-tlavery. They
say that they cannot go as last as .you anti-slavery
men go in this matter; that they cannot afford to
be uncompromisingly honest, nor so radical o'e
you Gurrisonians; that they want to take time;
that l bey want to do the work gradually. They
say, 'Wo must not be in too great a hurry to over
throw Blavery; at least, we must tuke half a loaf if
we cannot get tho whole' Now, my fr'ends, I
believe thut the very beet way to overthrow slavery
in this country is to occupy the highest possible
anti slavery ground. Washington Irving telle a
story of a Dutchman w ha warned to jump over a
ditch, and ho went back three miles in order to
get a good start, and when he got up lo tbo ditch
he had losit down on the w rong side to get bis
So it is with these political parties; tbey
are compelled, they say, when they gt up to tho
jltnh nf ,.. ,n stnn nni1 .. ,' ,h
ten ot f-lavery to stop and taXe breath,
I do not believe in the anti slaveiy of Abraham
Linculn, because, ha :s on tho tide of this
' . 1
Raled as to whether ho was in favor of the admie-
" . -----
olon of more slave States into the Loion, be said,
that 60 long as we owned the Territories, be did
not see any other way of doing than to admit
those Slates, when they ini.de application, witu
or wiTUOL'T slavery. Now, that is Douglas's dop.
trine; it is stealing the thunder of Stephen A(
Douglas, . . , i i
In regard t tho ropca! of '.he Fugitive Slave
law. Abraham Lincoln occupies tlie tame position
that the old Vbig party occupiod in Tbey
asserted then in their platform, that tbey were not
in favor of the repoal of that law, and that they
would cto nothing to lesson its efficiency. What
did ho say at Frcopori ? Why, that the fju'th was
entitled to a Fugitive Slave law; and, although be
thc4lght the law could b.' modified a little, yet, be
said, if he was iu Congress, he would have it dona
in such a way as not" to lessen Us efficiency I
Here, then, is Abraham Lincoln in favor of car.
ry'ng out that infamous Fugitive Slave law that
not only strikes down the liberty of every blaok
man in the United States, but, virtually,' the liber
ty of every whits man aa well; for,' under that
jaw, there is not a man in this presence who might
not be arrested to-day upon the simple testimony
of one man, and, after an ex parte trial, hurried
off to slavery and to chains. Haleai corpus, trial
by jury those great bulwarks of freedom, reared
by the blood and unspeakable woe uf your English
ancestors, amidst tbo conflicts of a thousand yean
are struck dy wo by this law; and the man whose;
name is inscribed upon the Presidential banner of
the Republican party is in favor of keep'mg it'
upon the statute bookl
Not only would ! eiraign Mr. Lincoln, in rog&rdj
to that law, for his pro-slavery character and prin
ciples, but when he was a member of the House
of Representatives, in 1849 on the 16tn. day of
January, he went through the District of Columbia
and consulted the prominent pro-tfavery men and
slaveholders of the District, and iben went into tha
House of Representatives and introduced, on bis
own responsibility, a Fugitive Slave law for the
District of Columbia. Il is well known thai the
law of 1793 did not apply to the District',' and1 it'
was necessary, in order that slaveholders might
catch their slaves whu sought safety under the.
shadow of the Capitol, that a speoial law, stVoiilof
be passed for the District ol ColumW;' tn'df so'
Mr. Linooln went down deeper into this pro-slave'.'
pool than evepMr. Mason' of Virginia didi'd?