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" BENJAMIN S. JOKES, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITU SLA VEHOLDEHS."
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING , AQENT.i..j(
VOL. 10. NO. 1.
SALEM, COLUM1JIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1800.
WHOLE NO. 778;
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Northern Independent.
THE LATE GENERAL CONFERENCE AND
. We have long since given our opinion of tho
action of the late Qenornl Conference, upon tlie
eahjeet of Slavery, namely, that tt Amounted to
nothing, if indeed it was not fur worse than noth
ing. We had not time then to give the proof, nnd
besides, we thought it might be modest nt least in
as, as an humble outsider, to wait and see whnt
the friendi of that action, and tboae who helped to
consummate it, had to say in its favor.
" Three mo'ntha have now passed, during which
We have road all, or nearly all, that has teen writ
ten upon the subject; and we are now more than
ever oonfirmed i'n our early conviction, that tho
action of the last General Conference, Tn regard
to Slavery, it far worse for the cause uf extirpa
tion, than if nothing whatever had been done.
This we believe we can make apparent to the ap
prehension of ever; intelligent and unprejudiced
In expressing the above emphatio opinion, and
In offering, as we propose to do, our reasons for it,
we wish it express!; understood that we intend no
reflection upon those real anti-slaver; delngates
from the North who helped to consummate the net,
bev)od this, that wo think the; suffered them
selves to beoomo tho victims of bad leadership,
and were more easily satitQed than the; should
have been, or than their constituents bad reason
Ia the firet placo, ever; body knows that the
great trouble with the old ruloa was, that they
were equivocal. Soino said the generul rule againt
slavery, . forbade the traffic only, while others,
iike Dr. Elliot, insisted that it prohibited all slave
holding. What the Church wanted, and what tho
forty-five thousand petitioners asked for, was some
thing spociuo, unequivocal, and prohibitory of all
slave. holding. The petition circulated within the
bounds of the Black River, Onoida, and East
Gdnesce Conference, and to which "2,475 names
were appended, read as follows:
'We, the undersigned, mimbers of tho Methodist
Episcopal Cburuh, Sen., would earnestly petition
your reverend body to take such actiou upon the
subject at your approaching session, as shall spe
cifically prohibit the future admission of Slave
holders iblo the Church; and shall require those
already in, fas we believe in violation of the Geo
era! Rue,) either to emancipate their slaves or
retire trora the Uhurch. And in case tlioy refuse
to do either, to provide for their trial and eipu!
aion as in other oases of immorality. And your
petitioners will ever pray, &a.'
i That circulated in the North-West read as fol
lows: ,'We, fhe undersigned would respectfully repre
lent to your body that the present Gonorul Rule
of our Church on the subject of Slavery is various
ly interpreted one portion of the Church eluiin
ing that it prohibits all enslaving acts and inten
tionsholding as well as sale or purchase while
another portion denies such interpretation, claim
ing that it simply foibids the traffic, and nothing
more, and a few even claim that it only orbids the
foreign slave-trade; and whereas, we dosire to
secure the peaco of our Tiion, and terminate the
internal controversy upon this vexed question, we
thoreforo pray your body to take the necessary
steps to so change the language of the Rule that
it may oondemn tho holding or transerring of
slaves as explicitly as their sulo or purchase.'
. Such was tho action desired and prayed for by
the anti-slavery portion of the Church, something
unequivocal and effectual. But what did we get?
Will any brother who helped to pass tho 'new
chapter' uffirm that, taking the action of the con
ference on slavery as a whole, it is unequivocal.
If so, why this babel of construction? At the
north, the dolegates w ish us to believe it is a capi
tal affuir, clear as a sunbeam, and all wo want for
the next twenty five yoars. So Dr. Haven at
least, and we bear of others in Central New York,
who go about telling the people 'the discipline is
all right now.' But in the souib-west, Dr. Kings
ley,, the author of the report on slavery, is as
stoutly insisting that it was never intended to
purge the Church of slaveholders; while the Balti
more delegates, with Dr. Stevens and 'The Mctho
duit,' insist that the Discipline is far less anti-slavery
than before. And so says Dr. Elliott. But
more of these opinions hereafter. We merely
refer to tbem here, to establish the preliminary
point, that whatever the now chapter may mean,
taken with all its surroundings, is to say the least
an ambiguous, two faced, Delpbio oracle affair,
even less clear than the old chapter, or than the
general rule on slavery. The very element most
needed, and for which tho whole North were clam
oring a ipeeiGc condemnation and prohibition
is not in it. It is a regular 'English Bill,' plac
ing the anti-slavery cause in a position not much
unlike the 'Democrat' parties at this bour. It is
bard work for the mass of our people to determine
wbat was done at Buffalo,
, This, then, is our Jirtt grouud of complaint
be . action was yor unequivocal and swscine,
and consequently was or no vaxuc. No matter
what construction northern dolegetoa may put
upon it, in self-justification, and by far-fotched
deduction, all must admit that, taken as s whole,
;t bae one huge loop-hole worse than all that ezis
ted before in the old chapter. It is a compromise,
end it so used by conservatists now all over the
ehurcb, and was no doubt doeigned to bear a
double pons t ruction, by those who had moat to dor
ia its origin and management before the confer
iWilw Ibis tingle point the mysterious and du
btous character of the late aetion in slavery, we
pause, lor this week. Next week we will give
tber reasons why we think it of no practical
Utility, if Bet absolutely worse than nothing.
"Advices from the Pike'r Peak gold regions say
there are about sixty thousand people in that part
f the- world, forty-eight thousand of whlob are
wltbin tbe Hinits of Kansas,
THOUGHTS FOR REFORMERS.
Tho origin of him who proposes a Valuable re-
form, makes up no part of the reform, and need;
not be a subject of inquiry. The maxim, 'Da by
ithers as you would they should do by you,' in
equally authoritative, whothor falling from the
lips of Confucious, of Josus, or of Simon Magus.
It addresses itself to tho reason of man, nnd do
rivos its authority, not from him who givos it, bul
from its own excellence in promoting tho welfare
of human society, A contrary mnxim, one pro
ducing evil, and whoso general adoption would In-
troduoe confusion, crime and misery, w'-ouM be !
without authority, would be unbinding upon ra
lional beings, let who would pronounce It.
The world has long labored under a mistnko.
The ise dixit of a Reverend chnracter lias bcen.uros.
deemed sufficient evidence of the truth of his asscr-j
tion j and the sanction of a gteat name has been i
considered authority enough for a principle of nc. !
tion, however detrimental it might be to tho wel-
lure ot human beings. Iho worll has thus bowod
to precedents, nnd feared to think for itself. It
has Imagined a state of perfection in tho past.and
dared not depart from what was then approved,
H hy is this so f Hud men more giunt intellects
in days of yoro, it an now? Was haturo then
more clearly pefceivod were h'or opeta'lons mark -
ed with keener senses atd pronounced upon with
sounder judgments 7 Had our fathors auy hotter
opportunity of discovering moral, or physical truth
than we ? Are not the moderns born with the
same senses as were the ancients? Is not nature
us open to our inspection as to theirs ? Why then
feol this servility to those who have gone before us?
The oges which have passed away have loft us
many good things ; but they are none the better,
nor are thejuny more authoritative, beoauso they j
come from antiquity. ' i
One generation has no right to make laws, or
adopt institutions for another. The idea, so long
prevalent, that one generation has the power to
bind its successors, is fallacious, as well as mis
chivous. The world belongs to its possessors, and
is at the dieposal of eaoh generation only for itself.
ii e nave a rigiit to uispose ot the world as we
will, to iuiposu what laws, restrictions, or obliga
tions, wo please, upon ouraclvcs.but the. generation
to come is not bound by our doings. Why thon
shall we feel that one generation has the right to
control the opinions of another ? . tWby feel our
selves bound to submit to th4 dicta of other times
or of other men f Have I not the s&uie right to
decide, for myself, that my father bad for himself?
As I JiayejJright to dictata to mf cljjLiZijbf"
opinions he shall embrace, no right to enforce my
opinions upon him, how can it bo admitted my fa
ther had any right to dictate my opinions, or to
force his opinions Upon me ?
, Each individual stands on independent ground.
Each ondowed by the law of his being with the
same rights as tho other, is not sul ject to another,
nor can be exercise authority over him. Each thon
has the supremo coutrol of his oirn actions, and a
right to einbraco, uncensurcd, ut-'I uuiutcrrogatcd,
she concIuhion8 to which his own mind arrives. It
thereforo follows, that we are Dot authorized to ex
ercise tny control over ench other, except what
may bo cxeted by the simple force of truth. It
will also follow Unit no ono is bound to eubmit to
any othor authority. The inquiry should be,
'What is truth ?' No matter where it is found, no
matter who discovers it, or what the oharacter of
him ho proclaims it. Truth is immutable) it va
cillates not with the character of its defenders. It
is eternally the same. No adventitious circum
stances can alter its oharacter ; weulth cannot
adorn it, nor poverty tarnish its lustro. Virtue, in
its friends, cannot make it more true vice cannot
sully its purity. We may then dismiss all inquiry
rospeoting tho date of thn disclosure, whether tho
measures advocated are ancient or modern; all in
quiry respecting the person who proposes reforma
tion, be he young or old, native or foreign. The only
subject of Investigation with us is, 'Are his propo
sitions important ? are they just ? are they prac
ticable ?' Boston Investigator,
HORRORS OF THE COOLIE TRADE—A LEGALIZED
SYSTEM OF FREE CHINESE
The last received number of the London Times
Somo official 'correspondence respecting emigra
tion from Canton' has boen laid before Parlia
ment, which shows the abominable character of
tho Coolie trade carried on at Canton and Wham
poa. Foreign vessels arriving there to engage
and embark emigraut laborers, have sought the
assistance of nttive brokers, who, in their turn,
have employed crimps (also Chinese) to collect
Coolies for them. Thirty dollars a bead or more
were being paid last year for Coolies doKvcred on
board; arrived at Havana, the 'contracts' oould be
sold at $400 a bead. An iniquitous system was
thus created, which grow until not only men were
inveigled on board receiving ships on false pretexts,
such as promises of work, but force aho was used,
and no man oould leave his bouse in open day
without dunger of being hustled, under false pre
tenses of debt or delinquency, and oarried off by
the crimps to be put on board ship and oarried to
sea, never again to be heard of. .
Chinese women have been employed. For in
stance, a woman, with a obild off her1 back, caused
the ohild's bonnet to fall as she passed two men;
on their picking it up she expressed ber thanks,
and offered tbem some cakes for (heir servility;
these were eaten, and, being drugged, the men sat
down stupefied; the woman's confederates then
came up, offered to carry the two men home, but
lodged tbem in a receiving ship lestead.
A fow months ago, in consequence of exposure
above 100 Coolies were rescued from reoeiviog
vessels and described the way in which they were
kidnapped and got into boats, where they were
intimidated or tortured, in order to wring from
them, when taken on board the receiving ship, a
nominal consent to an eight years engagement in
Cuba, dooeption beiug also practiced to make them
believe that their shipment bad the sanotion of the
authorities. 'I was very unwilling to go,' said
one, 'but still more unwilling to bo punished,' and
Convicted crimps were behoadod (eighteen
he added that a mandarin told him he had better
say he was willing, or ho. would ocrtainly be
The torture consists in tying a man up by the
thumbs and toes, nnd in other painful positions,
an.1 beating him; applying a lighted stick to the
feet, binding the hands together, and thon driving
a wedge in botwecn them; ducking him in tho
water nr.d kooplng him half drowned; and it Is
ulleged that somo who attempted to escape by
swimming were harpooned by their countrymen
liko fish. If in the receiving ship they would not
give their consent to go, they wort taken back in
to tho Chihose boat for a renewal of the torture.
The systom became so terrible laBt year that a
popular rising was apprehended
Then the Governor of Cantrn tried severe mens
on ouo day,) and one woman who had boon tho
instrument of kidnappers was subjected by the
authorities to mutilations which It would be shock-
ing to describe. Several kidnappers, also, were
killed by tho mob, with a vindictive cruelty to
which there was too much provocation. In these
circumstances Lagu, acting Governor-General of
the Two Kwang, 'decorated with a button of the
first rank,' consented, notwithstanding the old
law forbidding Chinese to leave their country, to
onduavor to put an end to this Vale of pijes,' as it
is callod, by substituting for it a legalizod system
of free emigration.
REPUBLICANS IN NEW YORK.
In the Courier and Enquirer of Saturday, August
18, an articlo will be found whioh ''ays the oreed
f republicanism is that 'tho constitution gives no
right to the genoral government to abolish slavery
in any of the States or Territories of the Uuion.and
Consequently it cannot oonfor any Buch right upon
any Territorial Legislature;' that 'it is a para
mount duty of the general govornment, and the
object of its creation, to protect the States of the
Confederacy in their right to establish and perpet
oite slavery; that any attempt of Cungres to abol
ish slavery in the Districc of Cjlumbia without
the sanction of the State of Maryland would be a
gross breach of faith;' that 'the negro is physical
ly, socially and morally in a bitter condition as a
slave in most of the slave States than he would
be in a state of freedom;' and finally, that 'every
attempt on the part ef persons not habitants, of
such State to interfere. Wilb. the ioBtitutitra whore
it legally and constitutionally exists, , is a or i roe
against the Union itself, end that i is not.eoly the
duty of all good citiaeos to frown down any euch
attempt, but, if necessary, to bear arms in defence
of the rights of every State to regulate its inter
nal affairs as to it may seem expedient.' To crown
all, we are told that this is the creed of Seward
That is republicanism is it? If Jurrics Watson
Webb should come into Ohio preaching eucb re
publicanism, he quickly would be told that it was
heresy aud be incontinently kickod into political
perdition without the benefit of clergy.
THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.
By late arrivals from tho Coast of Africa, it ap
pears that tho slave trade is carriod on very vigor
ously, no less than fifteen thousand unfortunate
natives having boen shipped from tho south coast
during the months of April and May. The war
between the tribes in tho interior has oonsequently
been raging with great violence. The inhabitants
of the towns of Ibadao and Ijavo are carrying on
a deadly conflict with each other. The people of
Abbeokuta sido with tho Ijavans, and on the fifth
of June a bat'.le is reported to have taken place,
in which the Abbookutans were defeated with
great slaughter. Tho Ashantres aro also threate
ning to attack Ligos and Capo Coast. This inter
nal warfare is stimulated by the demand of the
slave trader for the victims of his inhuman traffic,
although tho inherent barbarity of the tribes is a
moving cause of many of these forays. A signal
illustration of tho fiendish nature of these pet'y
rnlers of Africa, will bo found in the account of
thu preparations for the funeral ri es in honor of
the late King of Dahomey, which are to be colo
brated by his successor, in a style of magnificence
calculated to surpass all previous ceremonies of a
similar kind. A great pit lias been dug which
will contain enough blood to float a oanoe, nnd two
thousand captives will be sacrificed. To supply
victims, attacks are made upon the weaker neigh
bors of Baddahun'u, the reigniug king of Dahomey.
The young among the prisonors are destined to be
killed in honor of Gezo, tho deceased monarch,
The introduction of steam vessels, also, has
revived the slave tiade, and it seems almost im
possible to intorcopt these 'death freighted bar
ques.' A steam slaver whioh had been expected
on the coast for a long time, succeeded in taking
on board, with impunity, a cargo of twelve bun.
dred slaves, escaping the vigilance of the oruisors,
and sailing away for ber port of destination.
THE DECADE FROM 1850 TO 1860
If the Douglas party succeeds, it gives us but
the Democratic party as it was in 1850, only sad
dled with the additional infamy and guilt of the
Dred Scott decision,' and of the pro slavery re
peal of the Missouri Compromise, for the sake of
extending alavory north of 3C 30'.
If the Republican party succeeds, it gives us
but the Whig party of 1850", only without the flag
of ' If 'ilMot proviso then claimorl by the Northern
wing of the party,'
The Whigs and Democrats of 1850, gave us the
Fugitive Slave bill. T lie Douglas party end the
Linooln party of I860, agree in letting it remain
on the statute book, aud enforcing it wh'da neces
sary, Tho Domoorata ob well as the Whigs of 1840-50,
Were strongly tinctured with the doctrines of the
'Wilmot proviso,' or 'No more lavd States.' Mr.
Wilioot bimsolf being then a Demooratio leader,
la 18t0 naJDemocratio or Republican leader, not
even Mr. Wilmot himself, nor Seward, Chase,
Lincoln,. Greoley, no -nor even Biddings or Sum
ner, has a word to Bay about 'No more blave
Tbe Whig party of 1840 to 1850 at hnsi the
Northern wing of it, claimed to be the 'true aboli
tion party,' on tho samo platform, essentially
with the Liberty party, inasmuch that the nomina
tion of Birney was declurod to be superfluous and
factious, dividing the forces of Abolitionism.
The Republican leaders of 1800, repel
tbe imputation of abolitionism as a slan
der, out-vie the Democrats in their Bneers
at tht negroes, proclaim themselves the 'white
man's party,' the only party, that, if successful,
oould quell anti-slavery agitation, and 'COERCE'
anti-slavery men Into acquiescence.
The Whig party while it lived, courted abolition
votes. The Republicans have now ceased asking
for them. The Whig and Free Soil leaders, told
its that 'half a loaf was better than none.' Re
publicanism now offers us no 'halj loaj,' but only
a stone in tho place of it.
Such is now tbe ascertained result of the 'half
loaf' policy, and those who commended it are now
chuckling over it, and threatening their dupes
with the chastisement duo to their gullibility.
From the N. O. Picayune of Aug. 26
THE REIGN OF TERROR IN TEXAS.
THE EXCITEMENT IN TEXAS.
The late acts of incendiarism in Texas, and the
evidence which gains oredit there of more diabol
ical designs, have created an excitement in that
State which it is not possible for those at a dist
ance fully to ostimato.
But this state of public feeling may load to an
exaggeration of fusts to the exaltation of suspicion
to the dignity of proof; and harrassing inquisition,
if not absolute danger, to honest strangers, and to
the perpetration of acts of oruel injustice.
Tbo following statement, made by a well known
oitizen of Now Orleans, affords a painful illustra
tion of the feeling existing, and an idoa of tbe
wrong which may, in the haate of the excitement,
be doi.e to the innocent.
- Mr. Savors, who has been for twenty years en
gaged in buying and selling stock in this city, ear
ly in the summer made a trip to Texas with the
intentibn of purchasing and stookinga farm. With
this cVebt, be made a tour through nearly all the
eountiks of Northern and Middle Texas, and hap
pened tyke near Dallas, on bis return to New Or
lua:ns,- cltoat the time the disastrous fire broke out
in thnfplaoe.. From Dallas he travelled by stage
to TPalesfine, ln'Artddr,a6n""(Tjnnty,4" finding the'
whole people excited in the highest degree by the
dangers about tbem. Failing to make connection
at Palestine with the stages to Crockett, he attempt
ed to proeure a private conveyance, as the delay
would interfere with his business arrangements.
This anxiety bo reach Crockott, coupled with the
fact that ho was a stranger, coming from tbe direc
tion of Dallas, excited suspicion, and he found
himself surroundod by a crowd, who took him to
be an incendiary. So far from being satisfied with
his explanations, and a dotailed history of his bu
siness and lifo, they judyrd him to be an incendiari,
and proposed to give him an introduction to Judge
Anticipating tho worst, Mr. Savers stood1 on the
defence., drew his revolver, and statod to the crowd
that if they bad determined to bang him he would
sell his lifo us dearly as possible; and in his Ma
sonic character, he called upon the Masonic fra
ternity for aid. This nppoal proved successful
for delay, and after a more oool investigation he
This is a brief decouut of the adventure in the
excited region of a well known citizen of New
Orleans, himself a slave hound, born in a Blave
State, and identified with the institutions of tho
South. The slightest suspicious were magnified
into proofs of crimo.
He had come to that town from a point where
the incendiaries had been at work, and seemed de
sirous to hasten out of Texas, and bis details of
his business, his personal reference to known oiti-
zens of Crookett who wore not present, and bis
statement that he was in Texas with the design of
settlement, wero discredited, and but for a fortu
nate appeal to olhor titles his life might not have
been saved. This case should warn tho people of
Texad against precipitation under this exoitemcnt.
From the Belfast (Mo.) Age.
ANOTHER SOUTHERN OUTRAGE.
THREE BELFAST MECHANIC DRIVEN OUT OF TEXAS.
If more evidence wero wanting to prove tbe es
sential barbarism of eluvery, three of our Belfast
mechanics who have just arrived at the North from
Texas, having barely escaped with their lives', can
give the testimony. One of thein has just arrived
hero, and tho' others are' on their way. Tbey weie
at work at Chapel Hill, Texas, at bouse carpenter
work, pursuing their business peaceably and qui
etly, avoiding all possible occasions for giving of
fence either by word or dcod to the slaveholders.
While at Work one day a few woek's since, shingl
ing a building, they were interrupted by several
armed ruffians, who told them they were wanted
up town, They dropped their tools and obeyed,
and were taken to a grog shop where a large Dura
bor were assembled. Here tbey were kept from
nine o'clock in the morning til? four' in tbe lifter'
noon. & meeting bad been held in the meantime
and a committee chosen, who told them tbey must
leave tbe state forthwith. They demanded to
know tbe charges against them, protesting that
they bad never interfered with slavery or slaves'.
But they were told they wore northerners, and'
their presence would not be tolerated In tbo state.
They then pleaded for time to settle up their bu
siness, alleging that one of their employers was
absent, and no settlement eould be had till bis re
turn. The Committee allowed them just four days
to pack up and get off, notifying them that they
would be mobbed if tbey were found in the state
after that time had expired. Tbey waited four
days', and their employer did not return. He was
in debt to them $800, and but one of them bad a
single dollar in tbe world to get home with. On
the night of tbe fourth day, while they w'crrsbod,
a mob surroundod the house. They got up and
went out, and wero taken into custody amidst
threats and execrations. Fortunately a gentle
man living bear) for whonl they bad previously
done a small job of work, bearing the tumult! came
down, and after much persuasion succeeded Inj
procuring their release. He advised them to leave
immediately that night, which they did, leaving
their wages and all their effects behind. Oue of
them had a small sum of money, aud with this
they succeeded in gotting out of tho state.
TWO FACES OF LINCOLN.
Some enterprising publishers recently issued a
life-size lithographic portrait of Mr. Lincoln, the
Republioao candidate for the Presidency, and it
is bo ugly that it gives great offence to the poli'i
cal friends of Mr. L. We have examined the pic
ture at a distance, for we had not tbe temerity to
go too near, and must confess that if Mr. Linooln
looks 'like that,' be must have won his title of
'rail splitter' by merely smiling at the butt-ond of
strait-grained logs, using a horse-collar to grin
through in caso tbe knots were more than usually
tough, and plentiful. In fact, tho old adage of
'handsome is who handsomo docs,' will not apply
to Old Abe, for be never could be handsome any
way you can fix it. Prentice, of the Louisville
Journal, is a beauty beside him, and Hooper, of
Ala! ama, a perfect Apollo.
This picture of Old Abe makes him appear as
if his features were composed of the sweopings of
a Western gouging match, whore no eyee.or cheeks,
or lips were of the same eize.yet all huddled togoth
er bigglety pigglety, making up a physiognomy
that is fearful to behold. As an offsot to this
'genuine resemblance,' some of the hopeful young
mon of his party have got up a pretty face of Old
Abe, which in our opinion, is just as much out of
drawing as the other, but not so picturesque. If
Old Abe is ever elected President ho will never
adorn tho White House, that's certain. Wo would
respectfully suggest, if it is his fate to be Chief
Magistrate, that at the West-room levees the
guests be provided with out-glass prisms, which
might, by their distortion, bring Old Abe's features
into something not altogether repulsive. If this
is impossible, then he must adopt the Japanese
Tycoon stylo, nnd give oudionee behind a screen.
New York Sjririt.
TABLE FOR REFERENCE.
: In these political times, precise figures in re
gard to the strength ot parties in different States,
and the number of electors to which each State is
entitled, are frequently inquired for. The follow
ing gives the strength of partios at tbe last Presi
dential election, and tho electors which each State
Stales. Elec'l Vote. Buchanan. Fremont. Fillmore.
Alabama, 9 40.739 28.552
Arkansas, 4 21.010 10.787
California, 4 53.005 20.C91 30.105
Connecticut, G 34 035 42715 2 010
Delaware, 3 8.004 308 0,175
Florida, 3 0.358 4 833
Georgia. 10 50.081 42.439
Illinois. 11 105 318 90 189 37.444
Indiana. 13 118 670 94.375 22.380
Iowa. 4 30 170 43 954 9.180
Kentucky. 12 74 C42 314 07.410
Louisiuna. 6 22 004 20.709
Maine. 8 39 030 C7.179 3.325
Maryland, 8 39.115 281 47.400
Massachusetts 13 39.240 108.190 19.920
Michigan. g 52.13ff 71.G02 1.050
Mississippi. 7 35.455 22 195
Missouri. 9 53.154 48.524
New Hampshire. 5 32.089 38.245 422
Now Jersey. 7 45 943 20 238 24 115
New York. 35 195.878 270.004 124.004
North Carolina. 10 4S.24C 39.880
Ohio. 23 170.874 187.477 28.121
Pennsylvania. 27 230.771 147.804 82.222
Rhode Island. 4 0.080 11.407 1.075
fSouth Carolina. 8
Tennessee. 12 78.3G0 00.117
Texas. 4 31.169 15.039
Vermont. 3 10.009 39.501 5-i5
Virginia. 15 89.700 391 00.310
Wisconsin. 5 52.843 C0.C90 520
Total, 303 1.838.222 1.341.514 874.707
Now States, admitted sinoo 1850,
a hb Free Soutu. Our readers will recollect
the destruction of Mr. Bailey's paper last fall, by
a Kentucky mob in Newport. We are glad to
receive a copy of the paper revived again. The
Free South is a radical anti-slavery paper, making
no compromises with slavery whatever, attacking
it in front and rear. Mr. Bailey has encountered
and courageously fought the abomination in Ken
tucky, where it exists. He has suffoied persecu
tion and privation and his family bare suffered
and workod with him as few people are willing
to suffer. And still he is indomitable, and renews
bis attacks. He may be wanting in that 'villai
nous virtue called prudence,' and many may doubt
tbe propriety, bis thus porsevering against sucb
odds ss he has to encounter in' a slave State. Bui
tbe man who leads a forlorn-hope is not expeoted
to be prudent. When tbe fortress is taken, you
can oall in your prudent men. In the strife we
want courage; and we oommend the intrepid
Bailey to the siippor't of those in the North who
are outside of tbe struggle. Ashtabula Sentinel.
The three millions of Negroes now in our ioun.'
try as slaves are better olothed, better fed, better
oared for in sickness, youth and old age, than any
portion of the same race in tbo known world.
exactly i do the yuu in our penitentiary are
Better Clothed, better led, better oared fur in sick
noss, youth and old age' than many of our free la
borers or oven these Moused slaves. And yet tbe
ungrateful rascals will sin against all this lavish
benevolence by breaking jail and running away;
Wbat monsters they are! Newark American'.
THE SLAVE MINIONS GO HUNTING.
WE9TIllbLD, MaRQI'ETTI Co, August 21, J8(501
To the editor of the Free Democrat i ' ' ' "'
This mortiinir. at an early hour, IT. S. Martha!
Jehu's tool; Mo Carty of Fond du Lao end Rog
era of Janesvillo, escorted by a body-gar6Vf)tfon'
spicuous among whom were pettifoggers Dominioe,
Dovaoy, and W. D. Walker,) arrived in this quiet
town in searoh of S. M. Booth. Tbey made
known their business, were told that Booth was
not here, and that if he wcrt, iKsy should not tatc
him. 3lo Carty said he should follow Booth "as
long as he lived, or until he caught him.' He was
told he had better not follow him ioa doia, or he
might not be long lived. He and his associate
w jre (;iveri to understand tint this community 'did,,
not like tbem nor their business. They then iranU
ed to leave a warrant and deputy here to. arrest
Booth if he should happen to come this way, -bus,
they could not find a democrat so lost to maoliooi
and self respect as to beoome a spy and tool .for
them. And so the gang loft, having found ne 004'
to nrrost and no liquor to drink. , .-: i-m
Ljok at this oase a moment. One of our oiti")
zens is hounded round tbe State by the two-legged-'
blood houiids of the Buchanan Slareholding Ad
ministration, and for what ? SirHply because he'
a ted from t''o noble impulses of humanity, ,ani
assisted a fellow man to escape from bis kidnaps
pers and to regain' his ntitural and inalienable
right to liberty. . . 'Al-V
Not many years since, when Captain Ingraham
assisted Martin Kosta to escape from Austrian
despotism and to regain his liberty what expres-
sions of admiration for tbe Captain 1 '. How eulovi
gistio tbe nation 1 And well he deserved . it alL"
Tbe aot was a glorious one a man restored to
natural and inalienable right to himself. But Cap-;
tain Ingraham did not receive fine and imprison-
ment for bis act. No.on the oontrary he was feted'
and huzzaed from one end of the Union to- the
other. Now mark the differenoe I A citizen of
Wisconsin does a kindred action assists a follow',
man to escape from a worse than Austrian despot'
isiri and to regain his natural rights, and for this
the whole power of this Slaveholding ' administrate
tion is brought down on his devoted head to crush.'
him 1 At hat inconsistency! No Wonder Europe-
an despots delights in pointing to the United Statei t
to varn their subjeots against Republicanism, and;
that RepublioanB, BtrOggling for their freedom in v
other lands, are fast learning to desplde a as '
nation of hypocrites. . ',.' i;i---.4
But why should the minions of tbe Slave Power 1
be permitted to proceed unmolested, despite the de
cision of the' Supreme Cdufi bfoui State (&& Hooth"
had violated no laic 1 Are our courts and State
authorities powerless to protect her oitizens? If
so, thank God tbe people are ready to do It and.
td'Kdo-it. Let kidnappers beware.' ;
TEXAS MATTERS—A NEW THEORY.
Some events of late occurrence in Texas which,'
in my opinion, have no connection with Anti
Slavery movements at tbe East,- have excited the"
wholo people of tho State eastward of the Rib'
Grande region, I allude to the burning of tbe Til'
lags of Dallas, and other successful incendiaries'
and extended moveSdntc in the tipper part of
Texas charged to the debt of Abolitionisms; butf
the facts are these, in all' probability :' The fro'tP
tier parts aud dividing lines of new States are
always subject to the accumulation of a class of
persons who are fitted and ready for every variety
of crime Texas .and Arkansas on their? western
frontier and dividing lines have a goodly propor-'
tion of these wild and violent pooplo, including
also horse and cattle thieves, negro thieves and
roadside robbers. An association of tbem, well
organized and appointed, exists, ar.d their modes
of operation havo been attendod with' great uo-
ooss, It is to this band of viilians that the Indian
troub!os on the northwestern frontier ot Texas'
are attributable; .
Sjino of the band go into the neighborhood, ob
tain employment, and remain long enough to se
cure sufficient knowledge of the lay of tbe land,1
tbe stock of horses, etc. Subsequently one or two
of them will come down with a' body of fndians
and drive off the horses and mules, and commit'
other dopredations. Tbe injured people, without'
discrimination, regarding; all Indians as enemies.
have broken up the well' arranged, reserve ancl
towns of the poaceful and friendly Indians on the
bead of tbe Brazos River, who would, if permit-'
ted to remain, have proved a barrier to the incpr
sions of the Prairie and Mountain tribes. The
slave disturbances among tbe Cboctaws aud Chero
kee Indians, in the territory of tbe United States
in Arkansas, are owing also to this organization.'
planning and effecting variance botween tbo slave
holding aud non-Blavebold)hg Indians;' the former
in alarm, Bell those negroes, and these disturbers'
purchase them very low, bring them to soutberd'
Texas, and realize large profits. There are now si'
great many Indian-reared negroes in the cotton
plantations on Old Carrey, Colorado and Brasor
Rivers, near the coast, . . ',
Intending to avail tT'.eme'blvcY of tbe confusion"
and alurm that would result from a negro insur-'
rection, in an extended sacking of the country
noar Dallas, inhabited by wealthy people, they in'
cited the negroes to an insurrection on t'Hb flrsf'
Monday in August, when every one nearly would
be absent from borne at the State eleo'.ion ; bol
two or three members of the clan, who bad r offer
ed at Dallas, giving rein to their passions, obW5
raencod devastating; the country before the Jay
appointed for a general movement. . All hope of ft
si ouessful insurrection is futile. All white peoV
pie Abolitionists (of whom there are man i'rf
the northern oounties of Texas)' ss veil as others
would be compelled to join and put it dbwrJ,foK
there would be no contrblibg' tbe nogroes.' ' ;('
These nefarious plans are charged in the minds'
of everyone who expresses' an opilflbn', to an or
ganized movement of the Anti-Slavery1 party of
the Eastern States. Nothing-' will or ean change!
this impression; it is Continually gaining strength!'
Vigilance Committers are being organized In every
couuty, patrols ride' nightly, every stranger- ii'
closely questioned aud scrutinized, and to disclose!
- - . : .' .:t . -.,'.