Newspaper Page Text
u b inn
BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
VYtf IXIOX WITH SLA E HOLDERS. "
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AQENT.
VOL. 10. NO.
SALEM, COLUM1UANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1SG0.
WHOLE NO. 779;
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Ohio State Journal.
EMBARRASSMENTS OF SALVATION IN
A clergyman of tlio Mcthodint persuasion, writes
the following, among other things to tho Journal
'rf Commerce, from Vicksburg Mississippi:
'Our papers are teeming with accounts of the
havoo of another John Brown rnid on tho border
counties of Texas. Abolitionists have been there
in the character of Methodist preachers, tmehors,
&0., and instigated a general insurrection among
eevoral hundred negroes. They had plan red mat
ters for a most bloody and fatal catastrophe.
Firoarrns of all sorts; arsenic, to bo pat in wells
for poisioning tho people, and means f ir setting
fuo to the wholo town at onco, were detected, but
not nn'il five towns had been burned, nnd great
mischief done. One woman has toen hung for
distributing arsenic, to be put in cistorns and well.
And oue or two preachers have been hung for aid-,
ing and inciting to revolt. If things go on at this
rate, a man suspected of Anti-Slavery proclivities
will be hung or shot like a dog; a fata they court,
It would seem. Southern people will be driven to
dosporation at this rate, and invukicg Franco or
England, with Russia, will put the cotton inter
ests under tiicir protection. Dissolution of the
Union is inevitable, with Abolitionism in tho as
condant at Washington. Here ire are trying to
lead the negroes to Christ and Heaven, while those
incendiaries lead them to the galUu-j.'
This is the worst picture of the melancholy state
of things iu Toxas, which we have yet seen; and
'coming from the pen of a clorgymnn wo are obli
ged to look upon it with entire credit. It would
be a sort of heresy to hint at that exaggeration of
terror, which in the memorable John Brown cam
paign transfigured at one time a Cincinnati repor
ter, and at another a peaceful cow, into invading
hosts, and far bo it from us to olludo to the inge
nious gentleman of La Mancha, who beheld the
shock of armies in tho procession of a flock of
sheep. Wo do not mock, now that the fear of
the Tcxans has coma. We take it f ir granted
that their peii! is as real as their furious sfiYight,
or their hoadlong vengeanco w hich hangs women
anl preachers, and finds disguised and ravening
wolves in the folds of religion. Wo can under
tand how, with that domcstio institution, of which
the ties are only less sacred and ten dor than those
that bind together parents and children, and bro
thers nnd sisters, their danger is imminent. It
frequently happons in families, that incendiary
teaching, and tho distribution of fire-arms of all
sorts, and different poisons, sot tho members
against each other, and result in fratricidal strife).
We cannot expect tho domcstio institution to be
superior to like mischivous influences; and we
should spare no cxecratitfr! in characterizing the
misguided clcrgymon and ladies who incito the
contented and hnppy slavo to insurrection.
Hud, as is the stirring up of unpleasantness in
fuuitlios, there appear to bo no Guch trctnondous
and eternal consequences to that line of conduct,
as follow the instigation of servile revolt. With
an impressive earnestness, the godly man whom
we have quoted, declares: 'Hero wo uro trving to
lead the negroes to Christ nnd Iloavon, while these
incendiaries lead them to the gallows.'
There are few things more edilying than the
contemplation of tho happy slave as ho is known
Ho exist on tho Southern plantation, Ho is com
monly a large, well-proportioned negro, rolling in
fatnese, tho happy father of half-a-dozen plump
nnd rofuioh little negroes. His cottage is neatly
and even sumptuously furnished; bo has his gar
den plat an! his pigs nnd poultry. Ho goos bettor
clad in tho cast-off apparel of his mastor, than
many of our white farmer at the North, and on
Sunday and other holydays. he appears resplen
dent in black broad-cloth, and wearing that gold
watch and chain, which an iudulgent owner has
bestowed upon him. No cares molest him; nnd
when tho Northern visitor (commonly A weak
minded fcmalo or a mild gospeller,) asks him in
tho presence of hi master, whether ho would like
to be free? Ilo replies 'No, sahl' frequently ad
ding, 'You don't ketch dia niggo.'
Such, we say, is the seductivo pioturo of South
ern elavory which we have bad so frequently pre
sented to us by writers in tho New York Observer
and other papers equally reliable. To this fortu
nate and contented being fat and in good condi
tion comes the Yankee incendiary, assuming now
the guise of a Methodist minister and now the guilo
ful form of a woman, JIo holds in one hand the
deadly rifle, and in the other thecupof oold poison.
He tells the slave of all the hardships of freedom
and climate in the Nurtb, and the deluded darkey,
enamoured of the horrors of liberty, seizes the
instruments of death, and promptly administers
their contonts to that kind, good mastor, who has
been to biin as father and mother, brother and sis
ter, wife and children, all rolled into one, and
holding tho price of those blood relations in bis
Up to this time the misguided slave has had per
haps stated preaching of the Gospel; and the
union between himself and hit wife has been sanc
tioned ty ceremonies as divine and sacred as
those which attend the cohabitation of the cattle
on the plantation. But having listened to the!
syren voioo of tho incendiary, be is torn away
from all tender and humanizing influences. Ilo is
a lost wretch long before be is led to the gallows,
and when once he is hangod, what cbanoe is there
that be shall go to Heaven? Ic is true that in the
case of some murderors there is a well-graduated
system of repentance, conversion and final redtnp
tion, but it is quite impossible to apply this sts
torn to a slave who is even suspected of insurrec
tion, There is not time fur it, and ho docs not
desorvo its benefits. lie is given over to perdition
at oooe. For hiin the ropo hore.the tiro hereafter.
Away with him into the outer darkness, amidst
the weeping and wailing.
It may bo that this smacks a littlo of blasphemy,
but it is the interpreted language of the reverend
correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, We
do not blame him. He is driven to tho use of
rank terms in indicating the difficulties which
attend scrv '.a salvation in thosi unquiet tiinos.
We are so concerned at the suffering w hich he
must uiidor'j, that we forget to be frighten
ed by tho niel threat the Union will bo dis
solved and II. South will put the cotton in
terests under Eunpeau protection. Wc romombor
only the spiritual om'.-.vrassierit, aud lament that
blindly trusting that thcro will bo always enough
hungry gentlemen in the Sjuth to tuko federal
nnd hold the Union togothor, by the sheer
force of emoluments.
1$ may of courso bo possible, after all, that it is
tho salvation of tho negroos the Methodist
clergyman is in pain about, but tho salvation of
tho Democratic party. We do not more than hint
unkind suspicion. If it bo grounded in fact,
wo have no comfort to offer, for wo think the case
is beyond human sympathy.
We published in n recent nuinbor a small por-
tion of tho following address, but a friend having
sent us the ontiro nrticlo, wo cheerfully give it n
placo in our columns. It is hoped that tho friends
of tho 'Mum candidato' will givo it duo consider-j
From the Rock Island (Ill) Register.
TO THE REPUBLICANS OF 1860.
Fellow Citizens: As it would hi n violation of
moral principle, in ma, to vo;o for your nominee
for President ami Vice President, lot mo frankly
givo you tho reasons for my withdrawal from your
It is conceded that every man owes fealty to his
party, but ho is nut b um I to sacrifico principle in
his devotion to any organiz ition.
My connection with tho Republican party was
based upon nn holiest conviction that it was nn
abolition party. And hero let mo stato the.
grounds for that belief, in order that you may ne
quit mo of any want of fealty to tho party. The
republican platform of 183 f, which was tho b ini
of tho party, is in these words: 'Resolved, That
iho times imperatively demand the reorganization
of parties, and ropu li:itiii till previous party at
tachments, names and predilections, wo unite our
8clvos together in delerce of Liberty and ll.o con
stitution of our c mntry; and will hereafter co
opcrato ns tho Republican party; pledged to tho
accomplishment of tho following purposes: to
bring tho administration of tho government buck
U- .ho control of first principles.' Aud
'That ds the constitution of the United States
vests in tho States, and not in Congress, tho pow-
or to legislate for the extradition of" fugitives from
labor; lo repeal and entirely abrogate tho fugitivo
slavo law; to lost.iot Slavery to those states where
it exists; to prohibit the ndtnUsion of itny ujoro
slavo states into the Uniui ; to abolish slavery in
the District of Columbia; to cxoludo slavery from
all tho territories over which tho gencrul govern
ment lias exclusive jurisdiction; and to resist the
acquirement of any ii!oro territories unless tlio
practice of slavery therein shall havo bodr1. Turover
That this platform is ossentially abolition in its
declaration of political principles nono of you, my
republican' friends will dony. To aid in c irrying
out ihoto abolition measures I opposed my old
democratic friends, and votod with the ropu'olieans
with tho express avowal at n public meeting in
Coal Yalley township, that whilo they maintained
theso abolition principles iho party should have
;ny humble, cordial and energetic support, even at
the risk of its adopting whig measures which al
ways had my earnest reposition.
All the Republicans admit that this platform of
1854 was pro eniincntly abolition, but they say it
was superceded by thePIiiladelphia platform ofl850
and that consequently all thoso including myself,
who made no objection thcieto, aro still bound iu
good faith, to act with the party. If the first part
of the assertion be truo, the lust follows as a nec.
ossary consequence. The ropoal of tho republi
can nlatlorni of 1854 is. however, a mislakon no
tion, for if you will read the Philadelphia pint-
for.uof 1S50 you will grant that it does not ex-
pressly supercede that of 1854, and, to mo, it is
clear that the platform of 1850 does not supercede
that of 1S5 1 even by implication, but reasserts it.
For proof of this let mo quoto tho second rcsolu-
ion of the Philadelphia platform which is in these
unmistukablo words :
Resolved. That with our republican fathers we
hold it to be a self evident truth that all men
endowed wi.h inalienable rights, to life, liberty.
and the Pursuit of happiness, and that the prelim-!
inarv obiect nnd ulterior dosiizn of our Federal
Government were to secure those ri-hts to all ner-
sons within its exclusive iurisdiotion."
This plain language cannot bd misunderstood;
and if this was the 'dosign' of tho Federal Gov-
ernment, then it is unquestionably truo that tho!
platform of 1850 instead of superceding that of'
1854, readopts it as containing tho name and
principles of the party at tho dato of its incep.
tion. For, ia the first placo, as Congress has 'ex-'
elusive jurisdiction' in the repeal of all laws enac-'
... J, ...... , r ., .,.
ted by that body, it is clear as the meridian sun
that in order 'to secure these rights to all persons,'
whom it has subjscted to wrong by the fugitive
slavo law, it is bound by tho Philadelphia plat
form, to repeal tho usurpation of the rights of the
States, and leavo to them 'the extradition of fugi-
tivm from lulnr.f as assertfli to be thAir rintv In
tha platform of 185-1. This is the clear caso cer-1
taiuly. In the eeoond pluoe, as Congress has ex-jomnion8
jurisdiction' ovor the admission of now
Slates it is bound by the Philadelphia platform
bofore admitting any new Stato into the Union, to
know that, 'those rights, have been secured 'to all
persons nithio' said State.
If Congress fails to do this it will be false to
rpnotitinsn ibeorv of couCuinir slavorv to it.
present limits. In (be third placo, as Congress
has exclusive legislation in all cases, whatovor,
over 'the District of Columbia,' and 'ovor all forts,
magazines, arsenals and dock yards;' It is bound
by both tho Philadelphia Platform and the Plat
form of 1854, to abolish slavery in tho District ol
Columbia; aud by the Philadelphia Platform, it is
furtbor bound (instead of fighting for slavery at
Harper's Ferry ) to abolish it in all our 'forts,
magazines, arsenals and duck yards,' which is one
stop at least, in advauce of the Platform of 1854.
jurisdiction' nnd right, by a specific grant of pjw
ulhoos, j 'to regulate commerce among the sevoral States,'
jit is bound (as the very highest poasiblo means to
restrict elavory to its present limits), by tho Phil
not , ndclphia Platform, to prohibit the intcr-Stato slavo
. trade, ns a system of stupendous, wickod nnd God
' daring piracy, infinitely more odious than tho for
this ' cigo elnvo trado, and justly meriting the same
condign punishment which tho federal government
u.ay mete out to other pirates.
If these fivo po-itions are not tho legitimate re-
f suit of the languago used in the eocond resolution
of tho Philadelphia Platform, then, my mind is
too obtuse to comprehend tho meaning of the
; plainest words in my mother tongue,
During tho canvass of 185G, tho stump speakers
seemed to be fond of being termed anti-slavery
men, but tho smoko of tho battlo had hardly
(cleared away eo as to exhibit tho republican flag
In the fourth place, as digress has partial 'jur-
isdic'.'on' over iho acquisition of foreign territory,'
it is bound by Iho Philadelphia riitform, so far
as that 'jurisdiction' extends, 'to resist tho ac
quirement of any more territories unless tho prnci
tico of slavery thoroiu shall forever have boon pro
hibited.' In tho fifth place, as Congress has tho 'exclusive
! r I- i i t n . 1 in t'.n iltivf limn Hirt inrn .liinm .nn.l-ifM,
leaders began to look out for tho causes of their
defeat. They f.incied that tho republican party
had been too strongly nnti-slavery, and from tha'
day to this they have Lceu backing down, nnd
baptizing iho party by a new cognotucn, heretofore
unknown in the political world, nairely, 'Ti.o White
Some of my republican friends having assured
mo that their nominees were 'sound on' the anti
slavery side of 'the gooso,' and othors, that Ihoy
had no other object in viow as regards slavery,
than to kocp it out of the territories, I addressed
a letter of inquiry to Hon. A. Liucoln, which, with
the reply, is appended.
In tho following letior to Hon. A. Lincoln, my
solo object was to acquiro such information as
would enable me conscientiously to give him my
voto, for tho exalted position to which be aspires,
and which no man can teach without the consent
of tho requisite r.umbor of his fcllow-citizons
And that this consent should be based on a tlior
ough knowledge of tho political principles by
which the aspirant intends to be governed, in the
exercise of tho highly important 'trust powers'
confided to him, will not, I think, bo doubted by
on0' wh ,beliovcs ",at a11 Powcr "
fr"m. 1,10 P00P,e nn'l tbnt we should bo extreme!,
"". cquaiiy .rue,
UCCUUBU UIU UUIB Ol 111U TCJII LSLHUt ltd ill I', 1IJ 1UC1,
tho acts of his constituents whoso votos place bim
in power, and for whose nots they are, beyond all
question, accountable to God and their country.
If tho peoplo know what oourso Mr. Linooln will
adopt on tho very highly infportiMit questions ask
ed in my litter, they know moro than I do. Even
his friends do not agree in their statements to mo,
of what his courso will be; hut they are willing to
take him upon trunt, und risk their accountability
to God, their country nnd posterity, for all his nets.
This, my fellow ci.izons, is tho difference between
us hence tho following Utter i
RURAL, Ill., May 28. 1860.
nro,eU1,er 1Iou90 Bn1 t0 Pro,m 11,0 citi"n8 f, om ho
immured t0 rot in ft ''i'Wi tSuMtf
A usurpation of power infinitely more danger
Dkar Sir: Anxious to voto understanding!? for
Provident I addross you, iu good faith, tho follow
ing quostions, trusting that they will bo frankly
1st. Will you, if elected Prosident, takn jour
stand upon tho Yirginia and Kentucky Resolutions
of 1708, against tho Alien and Sedition Laws, and
to removo nil dnngor of collision between the
Federal and State Governments, recommend Con
gress to repeal that 'deliberate, dangerous nnd
palpable usurpation of undelegated powor, com
monly termed 'Tho Fugitivo Slavo Law V
2nd. Will you, under tho plain, positivo and
specific grant of power, 'To regulate commerce
H wvoral States,' recommend Congress to
P-'imt, oy law, ine inter-sta-.o siavo uaao r
3d. As tho Fcdoral Constitution expressly dele-
! KKs to Congress the right 'To exercise exekpive
legislation in all cases whatsoever over 'tho Dis-
trio't of Columbia, will you recommend Congress
to abolish und prohibit slavery in that Territory ?
4th. Will you recomuionj Congress to enact a
law defining what shall constitute a contempt of
, ous to liberty ,l lln nJ tlmt 1,1,3 preceded it is
m)w-il is to be feared, in a successful tide of ex
poriment. The Senate in committing Mr. Hyatt
! for a a"ef! COnlempt b"' hynJ ,r1! fl'"9tioD
i IfilnDAnnrloil lid rmirro ami as taliliLlinil a nennA
transcended its powers and established a prccc
dent which, if not met and resisted by tho sover
eign States, will subject their citizens, for all timo,
to a despotism, comparod with which tho atrocious
'Sedition Law of 17'J8' dwindles into absolute in
significance. This usurpation, like the 'Sedition
T ... ur .n In C, ,1 . I .. ..1 I..,,
' , ,
that the 'oommon law' of EnMand is in full force
and vigor in this Union
Yours truly, B. O. Wkigut.
To Hon. A, Linoulu.
SPRINGFIELD, Ill., June 8th, 1860.
on certllin politiool points, has been ro
clusivo i C0IVC'
I 1Ie 1,a' tlvei others of a similar character;
j but als0 ' grB'r number of the exactly opposite
, """acter. The latter class beseech bim to write
nothing whatever upon any point of political doc-
llin0- Thoy say his positions were well known
hen be was nominatod. and that bo mtisl not
B. G. Wriuiit, Esq,
Dear Sir: Your lottcr to Hon. A. Lincoln, of
"t" 0D W which you seek to obtain bis
now embarrass tho canvuss by undertaking to
shift or modify them. He regrets thai he cannot
oblige all, but you pcrcuive that it Is impossible
for him to do so. Yours truly,
JNO, G. NICHOLAS.
In conclusion, my Republican friends, I am
sorry to part company with you in tho coming
canvass, hut the non coinmittalinn of Hon. A.
Linooln makes it an imperative duty. Mr. Lin
coln's right lo pursue this policy is not questioned,
but I do question its correctness became it ctccn-
tially subverts our representative system of gov-!
AFnmnt nn.1 .....Kna I, n ...nrA nl... ... . . I ...r..-tt.
.... ...., u.iu in.. ni-a i. it. ill i;i u i? 1 1 1. ill iiui iv
cost of its administration.
Your Fellow Citizen.
B. G. WRIGHT.
THE PANIC SPREADING.
Hy tho following items from tho Korth Gen
gin Tinici published at Palton, it would seem that
tho panic which prevails in Texas, is making its
appcaranco in other sections.
EXCITEMENT IN TALLADEGA, ALABAMA.
Wc learn from tho Silmn ISeimrler, of tha 221
inst., that much excitement exists in Talladega on
uccount of tho unfolding of a plot on tho part of,
several ftboliiiji emissaries to create a servile in-1
surrcction. Four white men and cig'it negroes
have been discovered, all well armed, within Ulteco
miles of town. Negroes reading iu the noighbor-j
hood in ide an cxpoeitiun of the doings of the black
hearted villains. None of tho party havo been ar
rested as yt. but tho camp has been discovered,
and eo far everything corroborates tlio statement
made by tho negroes. Tho Talladega papers w ill
doubtless bring us full particulars of this hellish
plot, which we will givo lo our readers at the ear
liest uiun.ent possible.
THE NEGRO INSURRECTION MOVEMENT IN DALTON.
Some little excitement was occasioned hero on
Friday night lust with reference to a suspected
plot on the part of tho negroes to rise and sot fire
to the town at some day not fir distant. What
gave riso to tho suspicion that such a thing was in
contemplation by them was a revelation made bt
a negro girl belonging, we believe, to Mr. Jas.
Lynan of this place. Several wore nrrested and
whipped for tho purpose of drawicg from them a
confession. Some confessed ono thiug and some
another; but all Iheir statements corroborated, and
went to provo that such a thing was in contempla
tion. One or more of them 6tated that they had
arranged lo fire the town on a Sunday night,while
tho peoplo were ut tho different churches, nnd
kill them ns they came out that they hud been
incited, or persuaded, to tins thing by white men,
who hud recently been in tho country, and who
told them to keep proparing that they would seo
thcin again, fto. One of tho negroes con'oseed
that he hired a horse at tho Livery Stable en a cer
tain day, (on pretense of going to tho couutry on
some business for his mistress ) for tho purpose
of visiting n white man living iu Cutoosa or Walk
er county, who, from the negroes' statement, is to
assist ihcui in this diabolical movement. Upon
going to tho stable it was found, as tho nogro
stated, that a horse had been hired by him on the
day montioned. ThiLt sonic black hearted aboli
tionist; u'i abolitionists, havo been tampering
wiih the blacks iu this place and vichiity there can
be no question, nnd the owners of slaves aud the
city authorities cannot bo too watchful.
Not Indk ted. Not long finco a man named
Yan Buskirk was arrested and held to bail upon
a charge of n!'.1ihg in the rcscuo of tho tlave Nolle,
at Troy, Nsw York. The case was submitted to
the grand jury at the recent term of the United
Statos District Court at Auburn. The government
brought twouty witnesses to provo the offenco, but
tho jury unanimously refused to find a bill.
Tho following is given frefn a Democratic standpoint,
and should bo received, perhaps, with some
A SECOND ATTEMPT TO ARREST BOOTH
—THE FUGITIVE PROTECTED BY AN
Tho Milwaukeo Nows of Wednesday has full
particulars, from a reliable source, of the second
unsuccessful attempt to arrest Booth. ' Deputy
Marshal McCarty, having been informed last Sun
day that Booth was hidden in the house of J. G.
Pickett, residing near Oshkosh, immediately
obtained a posse of six persuns, and started in the
night for tho placo of concealment, which they
reached before daybreak Monday morning. They
immediately surrounded the house, and ono of the
Doputies knocked at the door. Tho knuck was
replied to by a man in deshabille, who opened the
door, nnd ns soon as tho Deputy passed the throsb
hold, struck a violent blow at bim, which was
parried by the officer. Having secured the go title
man in short clothes, the officer as politely as
possiblo stated his errand, whereupon the man,
who turned out to be Mr, Pickett, raised the
alarm, which was at once responded to by a band
of thirteen men, who came from fli intoiior of
the bouse, armed with pistols, guns and pitchforks.
Theso surrounded tho officers and threatened their
lives if they did not leavo the premises. Depu
ty McCarty instructed his posse to use no violonce,
and at the same timo told the men of the house
that they had come there in tho dischargo of their
duty, and that if they were molested it would be
done at their peril. Tho tfficors then being about
'o proceed lo search the house, Pickett requested
to be released for a moment that ho might put on
some additional clothing. His request being com
plied with, ho seized at once a horn that was
hanging against a wall, and gave a tremendous
hlust upon it. It was immediately token from
hiu, bit tio on blist already given soems
to have aroused the whole neighborhood , for soon
people bogan to oolleot from all quarters, armed
with guns and pitchforks. In a short timo noar a
hundred persons thus armed had arrived, who
began at once to threaten the lives of (he six offi
cers, and several pointed guns at them, and one ol
them, more exoitcd than the other, discharged bis
gun, tha load entering a door near by.
The mob then demanded of McCarty what he
intendod to do. He boldly and emphatically re
plied that 'he oame there to lako Booth, and that
if be could get sight of him he should accomplish
his purpose or die in the attempt. That the men
who were with bim were determined men, and if
violence was offered it must be done ut their peril.'
Mr. McCarty then asked them their purpose. They
replied that Booth should never be taken except
ovef their bodies. That they defied the govcrn-
menc, nnd that no power on earth could get hi m
from them. Again they demanded that Iho M ir"
shal should depart, but ha coolly inf. rmcd them
tbnt be was not yet roady nnd asked their names.
A large number immediately stepped up nnd gave
ihem, tngfther with their places of residence,
couplod with assertions that they would 'lynch,'
shoot and quarter' every government officer who
attempted to arcomp'.isli Booth's nrrest. McCarty
did not deem it r.Jvis.iU) to i'n-k tho lives of six
.igninst twelvs limes that cumber, nnd not know
ing that Bjjth was iu the house, did not desire to
peril their lives against such fearful odd.", or ren
der bimsolf liable if the fugitivo was not there.
He set t In Ripon for reinforcoments, bnt infor
med tho jrowl that if Booth was seen or tliey
would nJ nit bis whereabouts, ho would take him
or perish. lie waited until after eleven o'clock,
having been thcro in the faco of loaded rifles and
desperate men some sevon hours, when, assistance
not arriving, himself and men quietly departed.
His horse was seized several times, but upon bis
ussuranco that be would shoot any one who endea
vored to molest him, the man released their bold.
Pistols and guna were pointed nt his broast, nnd
taunting epithets used repeatedly, and the Govern
ment deGcd again aud again. Our informant is of
tho opinion that a force of four hundred men has
been organised, who can be collected in a few
hours notice to defend tho fugitivo.
Shortly nftcr the departure of the Marshal, Gov.
Horner, of Ripon, arrived nt the bouse, when tho
villains seized bim and put upon bis neck a 'poke,'
with which they took bim to Ripon, nr.d there
again exhibited, taunted and insulted him, and
otherwise molested this old man, sixty eight years
of nge, because he was a Democrat! There is not
a man in that section of tho Stato moro respected
and beloved than Gov. Horner, und yot these arm
ed desperadoes, theso black-hearted scoundrels
and law-defying und cowardly villians sought to
wreak thoir vengeance upon an unarmed, ngod
man, and inofTens,ive citizen? A greater set of
dastardly and villanous scoundrels never weut
unhung, and uevor more richly deservod tho
halt c 1 1
OLD BUCK IN A BLAZE.
A New School for Political Bolters, just open
ed at the White House, Washington, D. C, by
BACHELOR OF ARTS.
The Principal of this institution is well known
to the country. He is a bolter by profession, lie
was a Federalist up to '24, bolted into the Demo
cratic party in '28, bolted out of tho Democratic
party in '33, followed John C. Rives in opposition
to Jackson's financial policy, bolted back again
in "38, was a candidato for President in '39, '4-1,
'48, and in '50 was fairly elected President of the
United States. Iu '58 ho bolted again, went off
with Jeff. Davis, Barncll llhett, and other South
ern fire eaters, and undertook to take tho Demo
cratic party with bim by jorcc of the Federal pat
ronage. Ho failed and has since opened a sehjol
to teach the theory of a profession, wluuli by his
oxtrcnio ago (Icing iu fact 84 years old instead of
09 as claimed by him) ho is uo longer ablo to
NAMES OF THE FACULTY.
John C. Breckinridge, Piofoasor of 'Inexorable
W. L. Yaucey, Peir.oucttator of 'Precipitate
Josopu Lane, leather of 'Polilo Literature and
I. Y. Fowler, Ircasurcr of the Corporation.
The first lecturo of tho present course has al
ready been deliverod by the President of tho In
stitution, live hundred .housand copies of which
have been printed and circulated for the benefU of
Ii-of. ErccIUuridge, Subject: 'Iho Lonvcntiun
System und Two Thirds Rule.'
Ilia next lecture will be devoted to explaining
how ninety fee boilers can withdraw and break up
a regular convention of three hundred and throe
delegates j making the unanimous nominee over
two-thirds of tho wholo number of delegates an
The third lecture in tie courso will bo given
Wherein he will demonstrate by bis now patent
process of reasoning, called 'Inexorable Logio,'
that a minority can rule a majority, provided said
minority has tho President of said convention with
The fourth lecture will be givon by tho 'Demonstrator,'
Subject 'Cotton is King.' Mr. Yancoy has
no equal in this lino. Ho makes clear as mud tho
fact that Cotton, as an article of common consump
tion, makes the Almighty Dollar the world over,
and that tho Almighty Dollar tho world ovor com
mands man Ergo, Cotton is King. But to se
cure its right to rulo he will demonstrate the ne
cessity of 'precipitating tho Cotton States into a
revolution' by means of bolting tho regular nom
ination of the party, and eleoting Lincoln, a ClaeE
Republican Ruler, under whom 'King Cotton'
cannot stoop to stay In the Union.
Will give his particular attention to tho orthog
raphical department, and show how God can bo
spelled with a littlo g, and look just as well as a
The terms of admission may bo learned by ap
plication to the Treasurer, Mr. Isaao V. Fowler,
who is just now absent from the couutry for bis
All under the direction of the superintendent.
Addross J. B., A. B.
Washington, I). C.
feiy It is reported that oho of the negroes be
longing to Senator Tombs, having boen left in
Washington after the adjournment of Congress" to
bring on his major's horses, very honestly ship
ped tbo horses south, but ho himself took ibe other
end of tho road, and is piolably in a free State.
I'l'he following r.rtiele from tho, Philadelphia
Jm;)ii. cr, not only tells the tale of Humbug in an
eastern city, but like almanacs for genera! circu
lation is 'calculated for all parts of the Unite!
HOW THE PEOPLE ARE HUMBUGED.
A city contompornry declares that 'the greatest
swindle and humbug of tho day are our delegate
clecti;ns and nominating conventions.' We can
not go quite so far in denouncing Ibis svstent, slrrl
ply becaifso wo could instanco other political swin
dles nnd humbugs, which are fully a match for th
delegato olcctious and nominating conventions.
But that theso nre fraud", almost invariably that
they aro planned, managed and worked thrpu'gh
to their proposed otrs by the lowest class ot un
scrupulous, trading, pot-house politicians is a
truth ns patent ns tho operations of the Govern
ment itself. Do all our roaders know what 'dels
gate elections' an? From the innocent manner in
which we have mt (infrequently heard mon speak
of the primary machinery of tho polls, and from
ho fact that a very large body oT vo,:ers never
meddle with it nt nil, we nre inclined to believe
that they havo littlo, if any, knowledge of it. Old
hands at it will, therefore, allow Us lo explain. (
Political parties in the city, evo'i hold,, in adi
vauco of any election for numbers, of Cocgrojs,
the Legislature or for municipal olEeos, a Conven
tion of Delegates, representing tho respective par;
tics. These delegates aro chosen from each Dis
trict or Wild after this fashion : At convenient
taverns in the Precincts, nt times fixed, polls are
opened for tho election of the iletegatos. No one
is presumed to voto who is not a member of the
party holding the special poll, and each voter is
presumed to deposit a ballot for bis own favorite;
and whoever receives tho largest number of votes
is presumed lo represent his paity, in bis District
or Waid; and tho Delegates thus choson meet in
Convention, and by ballot select tho candidates for
whatever offices it is their function to make nomi
nations. Such candidates are accepted ds the
regular nominees of the party, nnd at general
elections are voted for accordingly by its members.
Theoretically, nothing can seem fairer than this.
The primary or delegate polls are open to' every
man of the party, nnd every man is presumed to
bo able to ascertain (he opinions and preferences
of thoso seeking to be chosen to tho Convention,
and thus to exercise his duo share of influence ia
ins party, iu determining who shall be the Con
vention's nominees for office. We say that alt this
looks perfectly fair, theoretically. But what ts it
in practice t
Mr. Smith wants to be recorder of Deeds, or
.nctnber of Councils, or the Legislature ; or, per-
haps, Mr. Jones, not venturing to aspire to these
places himself, knows that if ho can get his friend
Si.iith th'oro, he will bo rewarded with an . under
birth for himself, or a grateful, share of pickings
and stealings in somo form. Brown, BlacklWh'ito
and Green aro all of the same way of thinking,
having an equally patriotic eye to the main chance.
Tho first stop, then, is to fix tho 'Delegn'te Elec
tion. ' Thompson is their man. Thompson wiTl
veto for Smith in tho Convention, having also jn'ia
own private axe to grind for this service. The
canvass for Thnmpsom is quiet but active. The
few voters of the routv who are in the habit of eo
iug to tho Delegate polls, are counted and sounded.
if it should appear that Thompson will meet with
serious opposition from some one who has another
aso to grind, recruits are drummed up, anil so
Thompson succeeds by a majority of three," or
thirteen, or thereabout,' p'r, pefh'af s.bts opponent
Bi:'cceeds,the principle and practico being the same
in both cases. Thus, in great part, are Conven
tion constituted, which nominate candidates for
offices, from the lowest to the highest. The good
peoplo of all parties bow to theso judgments, go
to tho polls oo general clo . turn days, cast their
voto for Smith & Co., and the patriotism of Brown
and Green, nnd the other 'working mop of the
party' is rewarded. Pot-houses are Jubilant.'
Certainly this 13 'swindlo and humbug' enough,
in all conscience; whether 'the greatest of the
day,' it is not worth while lo inquire. Lying and!
corruption begin the business; fraud and pecula
tion end it. The question with men thus chosen,
is not how public affairs may be honestly and eco
nomically administered, but bow themselves and
the wiro-wcrkcrs of the party, the delegato jobbers
may be rewarded from tho public purso. It is na
wonder that with such a system eo many low and
worthless men achieve places of trust and profit,
we don't say honor, for the popular prejudice is
gaining giound that honor must be looked for oufj
of office, aud not in it. It is no wonder, too, that
the expenses of government Increase beyond all
proportion to the increaso of population or publiri
business. It is no wonder that the trade of a
politician, which has been of doubtful respectabili
ty at all times, is nor without any respectability
that the really honest man who adSpts il, must be
content to lose caste iu the opiui'on of nil who
know bim only in that character.
It servos littlo purpose to point out evils, with
oul suggesting remedies. The remedy for this
appears to us to be in the hands of that class of
citizens who are the chief sufferers those who
have a stake in the community, who have some
thing to loso by raisgovernment und official profli
gacy. It is a class at any tiAio sufficiently numer
ous to dotermine both who shall be candidates for,
and who elected to, any office. If tliey leave the
business to the professional buyers and sellers of
votes; (hey will continue to be swindled1 b dele
gate elections and humbugged ty noniinalaog' con
ventions, as they havo boen and now are.
An Incident. The correspondent of lbs N. Y.
Herald, who came west with Gov. Seward, a bro
ther of ex-Spouker Crr.boiog also in the company,
states that at Chatham, a runaway slave of Sena
tor Toombs of Georgia, uiado himself known. Ia
reply lo questions from Mr. Orr, be deoltred him-
self greatly improved by the change j said he was'
now keeping a grocory store ; that if five thous
and slaves came along they would' be taken rare'
of ; that he bad uot run away from his master, but
from the institution of slavery ; aud finally be
sent Li love lo his friends dou South.