Newspaper Page Text
7m irnr ' fir 1111111
BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
'A'O UNION WITH H LA YEUOLDKRS."
ANN rEAHSON, PUBLISHING AGENT.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, (JlilO, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, I860;
VOL. 16. NO. 13.
WHOLE NO. 787:
riE ANT l-S LA VERT D U t L E ,
FUaUllIO 1VBRT SATURDAY At SALEM, OBIO;
By the Executive Committee, of the Western Anti-Slav-sry
TERMS. $1.50 per annum payable in advance.
ttf Communications Intended for Insertion, to
ke addressed to Bikjauin S. Jones, Editor.
Order, for tbe paper and lettera containing
Money in payment fur the aame, abould be addros'
vied to Ann Pearson, Publishing Agent, Salem
' 'Columbiana County, Ohio.
(-Mooey carefully enveloped and directed Ss
bve, may be tent by mail at our risk.
fk3TWe ocoaaionally send numbers to those who
ore not subscribers, but who are believed to be
iatertstad in the disseiriinaliort of Anti-Slavery
tralb, with the hope that they will either subscribe
Ibtmselve or use their influence to extend its
ireulation among their friends.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Ooe Square, (16 lines) three weeks,
" Each additional insertion,
' Sii months, -
" One year, '
Tw Squares six mbhlhsj - - - -
.' " One year, - - -
' Oue Fourth Column one year, with privilege
' ' of changing monthly, - - 12.00
' Half Column, changing monthly, 20.00
' mfr-Ciri not exceeding eight lines will be in-
" aerted one year for $300; eix months, $2 00,
fCT Advertisements for patent medicines, epeci
m r.madios. chance to make money, &o., neither
lioited nor published.
t. HDD90.V, PRINTER.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Correspondence N. Y. Times.
THE DISUNION PLOT.
DISCLOSURES OF A FEDERAL OFFICE-HOLDER.
COMPLICTY OF CABINET OFFICIALS.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24, 1860.
It is my painful duty to confirm, on undoubted
.Minority, the statements which have gono abroad
from this oity, implicating certain high officials in
. ,lhe moat diabolioal scheme of treisou and disun
ion. The gentleman who revealed the plot is R.
. x Lackev. Esq.. late of the Treasury Deportment.
v ile ia a Virginian by birth, and eon-in-law of Ex
.' Governor King of Missouri, and enjoys a reputa
tion in this community for integrity and goodness
of heart, of which any man might be proud, lie
was dismissed from office a few weeks ago, on the
pretended ground that be had doclared bis prefer
ence for Lincoln over Breckinrii'ge. This he de-
, nies, and tbe probabilities all go to sustain his de
nial, for he is not only a Southerner, but the own
er of a largo amount of clave prdperty ia Mig-
Mr. Lackey distinctly states that a high official
in tbe Treasury Department communicated to him
tbe plan of tho Disunioniatfi, of which be cordially
approved. The plan, as stated, is for the Govern
ors of the Southern States to convene their Legis
latures by proclamation on the 8th day of Xoveoi-
. fcer, or as soon therealter as the election of Mr.
Lincoln pan be ascertained; that tbe Legislatures
will proceed to declare the Union dissolved, and
to pronounce in favor of Mr. Breckinridge as the
A President of the Southern Union.
Mr. Lackey at once denounced this treasonable
' eobenie, and pointed out the folly and wickedness
, in which it originated, and the terrible consequen
ces to which an attempt to put in execution would
lead. There can be little doubt that tula patriotic
and honorablo course of hie was the real ground of
- bit dismission, although bis preference for Mi.
. Douglas, and his refusal to pay black-mnij fur the
promotion of Breckiuridge's election; would be am
ple excuse for it, in the estimation of Mr. Cobb.
I am aorry to say . that theie is overy roiison to
i'ieve that Secretary Cobb is aware of, and lis
tens to tbe conspiracy against tbe Constitution arid
law of bis country, which be ha-, taken a solemn
oath to support; if be is not uimsetr an abettor ol
it. He is the bosom friend of tbe gontleman who
revealed it to Mr. Laokey, and that friend, who is
irian of excellent private oharaoter, is known to
"be profoundly impressed with an idea of the wis
dom and patriotism of tbe Seoreiary. If Mr. Oobb
bat no sympathy with this nefarious soheuie he
wilt ot permit those who avow their complicity in
il to bold office under him. It is monstrous that
conspirators againBt tbe Government are not only
' 'permitted to go at large in the face of day, but are
- peculiar favorites of the party ia power and the
xecipients of its patronage.
Tbe Georgia papers freely state that Mr. Cobb
while on his recent visit to his home, avowed biin
elf in favor of disunion in the event of Linooln's
' eleotion. This allegation and the charges made
' ty Mr. Lackey oan not have escaped bis notice or
tbe notice of the official organ. Yet no oontradic'
, tion has been put forth, and the inference is irre
sistible that the charges are true. If Mr. Cubb
were impeached by tbe obscurest newspaper or
politician in tbe Union, with disloyalty to slavery,
,J lb official paper would take the earliest oppor
tunity to brand the allegation aa false; but an
imputation upon bis loyalty to the Union, and to
. his official oath, is deemed of too little1 oonsequonce
to require contradiction
'" Bui the treasury plan of a Southern Con federa
te is by no means a seorot oonfiaed to the super
ior offioere of that department. Tbe subordinates
are bruiting it about tbe street in a tone of defi
ance, which show that tbey have tbe utmost eon-
gftdepoalQ its success.
tl g'te tbe President Credit for being opposed to
disunion. Cut is h not his imperative duty to in
quire into these charges,' in which bis own offi
cials are in-voivsdf If Mr. Cobb sympathises with
tjbt traitoroo-s plot,- be should fc at once excelled
rom office, aol at amy rate be should riot be al
)pwed to make the department under his' superin
tendence a nursery for treason.
Tbe 8th of Itovomber being the' day designated
.Jet (bo final disruption of tbe Union, the President
thould immediately take steps to oiroumvent the
conspirators. K the Union shall be dissolved be
fore the 4 til of March, he, and nut Mr. Lin
coin, will be held responsiblejby the country, and
by posterity. Mr. Lackey is a respectable and re
sponsible citizen, and the revelation he has made
of treasonable conspiracy, in which high public
functionaries are implicated, cannot go unheeded
by the President, wi'bout gross neglect of duty
on bis part. If tho conspiracy were aimed at the
overthrow of Government by Northern malcon
tents if, for instance, it were a Northern Aboli
tion conspiracy, tbe expo.-ure cf it whicb has been
mado would.not be suffered to go unnoticed. But
fear of Southorn fire-eaters has beta the conspicu
ous and life-loug weakness of tbe Prcsidont. Once
since his term commenced, be was prompted by
W'ulkcr and Forney to take a stand against South
ern arrogance, when be said, "Let Alabama and
Mirsissippi bowl 1" but he soon retracted, and
atoned by tbe most humiliating sacrifices of con
sistency and plighted honor.
The New York Times, commenting Upon this
Thus far thero is nd great difficulty in going.
Declarations are vary cheap, and if they alone
ceuld dissolve the Union, it would have been dis
solved long ago. By what practical stops thoy
propose to maintain that declaration, bow Mr.
Breckiuridgo will be alio to assume tho functions
of tbe Prosidonoy, by what organize! machinery
they will seek to supply the lack of the existing
Federal Government, are points of considerable
importance, especially to the States most nearly
Meantime Mr. Buchanan is President of the
United States, and be has taken a solemn Oath to
see that the Constitution is maintained, and that
the laws of Congress, are faithful'y exocuted.
Upon bim will dovolvo the entire responsibility of
mcoting these attempts at overthowing tho Con
stitution. The leading organ of the secedsrs the
Charlestown Mercury has declared that a peace
able eeoeesion can be effected, if it is attempted be
fore the 4th of March; and it adds the significant
" We know what we assert." The country will
nut concede, without tbe stubborn evidence of
!acti. that the President of tbe United States :s
cither tbe lender or the accomplice of a traitotous
conspiracy against tho Union.
From the Mo. Democrat, Oct. 25th.
DISQUIETUDE OF THE SLAVES.
THE TRUE CAUSE OF THE DISTEMPER.
IS is not surprising that tbe political storms, rag
ing on the high plain uf the citizen, should id some
degree disturb the atmosphere of the lower oue
ocoupied by tbe slave. When tbe livo thunder
leaps from the high places of tbe land it is heard
in the roost secluded vale and the deopest ravine.
The recent rumors of negro plots hers and there
are just what might bo expected at Ibis time. -They
are the first fruits of that Studied misrepre
sentation uf tbe Republican cause io which the
Southern press and Southern orators have reck
lessly indulged for years, aud especially since the
opening of this Presidential campaign. We do
not doubt that in some localities tho slaves are dis
quieted. The following, which is going tbe rounds
of tho papcri; may be taken as some evidence of
the fact :
That tbe negroes are posted as to what is going
on in the country, and have been told that tbe
success of Lincoln will result in license td them,
is evidencod in the following extract frodi a letter
from Camargo oounty, Kentucky.
On Saturday night week last, some thirtoen
negroes concludsd to make a Lincoln demonstra
tion, by arming themseltes icith tceapbns of various
kinds, and parading the streets, yelling for Lin
coln, and. defying any white man to molest them,
and threatening doath to those who tilade the at
tempt. Writs Were obtained; and the next day
the entire party were arrested and Severely pun
ished for their impudence and presumption."
We may add, that a large slaveholder in this
county informed us some time ago, that his slaves
believed that Lincoln, il'hen elected, would set them
free. It is highly probable that slaves in various
places have given credence to absurd notions that
their captivity will cease simultaneously with the
accession of the Republican party to power. Tb
tragio commotion among tbe negroes employed in
the Cumberland Iron Works, and elsewhere in
Tennessee, immediacy after the last Presidential
election, was attributed, we believe, to the same
We deliberately assert that tbe Southern assail
ants of the Republican party are tbe authors of
this grievous delusion, and tbe overt aots wbich
have followed or may follow in its train. The
slave has heard strange noises in the air whenever
he has beard tbe Republican party spoken of by
its opponents. Ue has beard tbe white man, bis
owner, declare at publio meetings that the sole
ubjeot of that party is tbe abolition of slavery. It
has been dinned into bis ears so often, the press
and tbe stump have eo rung witb it, that be be
lieves it at last. To confirm bim in bis error, tbe
incendiary speeches of tbe Abolitionists are re
published in lbs papers wbich bis master reads, as
ihe authorized expression of Northern sentiment.
No wonder that be believes tbe prophetio day of
universal emancipation is a) band. Such is tbe
meaning of tbe declinations be has beard from tbe
lips of those to whom be.looks for instruction and
information If pious be cbau'.s tbe more popular
of tbe hymn booK melod-rea" wrth si now emphatic,
imagining that be is already transported to Ca
naan, Happy Land; and if be is otherwise dispos
ed, be probably sets about Concocting plot, to ac
celerate tbs great ovent. That disturbances should
result from the bitter disappointment Ire is doomed
to suffer oomports witb the Tory nature of things.
Tbe toil tod agony in bis case must bs as great
as that experienced- by tb God-forsaken Millerite,
wbotn no chariot pf fire or cloud bears away from
tbe housetop to the bappy realms of light.
Tbe first duty of (be slaveholder at this time, is
to disabuse bis slaves of .the gross error and de
lusions they bav imbibed from the language tbey
have bear'd bint and bi oraoles use so often. We
do not say this because ws are apprehensive that
negro insurrections or oo'ipilrnci may prove
formidable, except, porhaps, to isolated house
holds, but simply through a feeling of humanity.
The slave will bo the sole victim of his own errorc,
but the responsibility before Ihe tribunal of coo
soienoes, will rest on thoso from whose prejudiced,
distorted, untruthful di-course be has contracted
these errors. In slandering the Republican party
the Southern politicians have been mining their
own hearth-stones, and organizing a genuine Car
bonari in ihe negro quarters. The plot, (if plot
thero was,) panic, and subsequent terrorism,
in Texas ths mobs, lynching, and massacres,
which have spread indeliblo infamy over that
State, making it a, hateful in She eyes of tbs civ
ilized world, as Mount Lebanon, the ho.no of the
bloody and fanatical Druses, are the direct pro
ducts of the lies hurled at the Republican partv
by the champions of slavery. The black cloud of
calumny with which they sought to ccvor the
brightness of tlie Upublican cause, has broken in
rain of firs nnd blood over that State. This un-
dreamed-of castaftrophe should apprise them of
danger which such an immoral oourse exposes
thorn to. Had they contended with the Republi-j
can party in its own avowed character, the slave-
would pay no more attention to the controversy
of old to the controversy between Whig and
Democrat. He has no eymnathv whatever with
the restriction of slavery territorially. The
only country which ho dread?, is that terra
incognita wbich he calls "down the river," the in
habitants of wbich, bs believes, are morally and
gengrapl ically antipodal to those of Canada.
It will therefore bo conceded that the simylctl
and most effectual way for subduing everything like
excitement among the negroes and restoring complete
quid, is to represent the Republican parly in Us true
light to ihe people nj the South; to pnint it as it
is, without concealing a tingle supposed blemish,
instead of drawing a hideous caricature of it io
red and black. Let it have a fair hearing, and bo
judged by its merits or demerits, instead of being
summarily condemned as militant abolitionism.
With their teaching thus reversed, (for reversed
i: will be if the truth shall be told), tho negroes
will unlearn their errors as quickly as thoy learn
ed them. Ihero will be no more plots 01 infernal
contrivances of any kind, whether on tho part of
blacks or whites) no more of those Sparta-Ilelotic
practices, of which Texas has so recently beeu the
sanguinary theater. Neither will there be one
tenth as many emigrants to Canada from tho
bordor slave States. Ihe contentment of tbe ser
vile class is tho surest guarantee their owners can
have. ben discontent sets in, no matter from
what oauie, fugitivos are numerous.
, . . .
x ur mese various reasons, we submit to tbe or
gans of pro-slavery opinion the question of tbe
prudence, as well as justice and propriety; cf their
distinguishing betweon Republican and Aboli
tionistsbetween Abraham Lincoln and John
Browb between the supporters of tbe laws, and
the filllbueter or revolutionists. They oan only in
flame tbe prevailing madness by persisting in
their extravagant falsifications. The stigma of
Abolition has lost its terrors in tho North tho
term having been applied indiscriminately to all
opponents of National democracy ; nnd the Same
loose application of it henceforth can have no oth
er effect than to confound, to the popular upprehen
sion in the South, things which are radically and
essentially distinct. We do not hesitate
to proclaim that they who accuso tho Republican
pany ol a purpoeo; hidden or avowed, to let loose
the slaves, ure tbe prime authors of those negro
phobia paroxysms in Texas and elsewhere, and of
thoso "stampedes" w hich ere held to constitute
tho peculiar grievunco of tbo South,
From the Louisville Journal.
THE HONOR OF KENTUCKY PLEDGED
TO THE UNION.
By her Senator, and Representatives in Con
gress, who have for over fifty years solemnly and
publicly sworn filolily to the Constitution und
the la as of tbo Union, Kentucky stands pledged.
By her loog and honorable array of Governors
and tier many thousand Representatives a-d Sen
ator in her Legislature, who are scattered through
every county of the State; by her honorable
judges; by tbe spontaneous expressions of ber
people; and above all, by their love and devotion
to that country for" wbich Kentockians have so
often ebed their blood; by all theie pledges, and
bonds, is Kentucky bound to the Union.
And even if there were no. such pledres an
nually repealed no interweaving pf loyalty
witb tbe whole social fabric nnd honor of the
community wo are bound beyond all revocation
by the solemn acts of our forefathers in the for
mation of the Fedoral Government to which they
surrendered the independence ol States, couniics,
town's, and individuals, and in that enrrtnder
pledge their honor to the governmental compact,
formed between the people of all the States,
It is utterly vain and futile to say that because
a State may hive originally voluntarily entered
as an inependenl community into the federal com
pact, therefore she bus still ibe right as an inde
pendent body politio voluntarily and freely to
withdraw whenevor she fancies herself in any
As well might the man who has sighed a oon
tiacl for lh purchase of a farm, or the payment
of a sum of money, claim tbe right as an inde
pendent gentleman to withdraw from tbe fulfill
ment of brsCoutraot, whenever bs ts displeased,
because be was an independent Voluntary agent
in making tbe oootract. As well might Ibe land
owner wbo bas givsn to bis oity or county the
land for a street or road, claim the right when
ever displeased with bis neighbor to withdraw
ibe conveyance and deprive bis fellow citizens
of the rights which tbey bad acquired.
All those wild notions arise from that doteri-
oation of tbe moral eenes of wbioh our political
history has reoently given so many examples.
Tbe right of secession is like the right of tbe
debtor: to repudiate bis debts tbe right of tbe
landlord to reclaim Ihe land tbat hi had sold and
been paid foror the right of the husband to re
pudiate bis wife and reaounoe bis children. It is
tbs right to do wrong, lo violate pledge, to de
conditions. As w aro bound by a convoyanco or
j leajij of Und which we oannot honorably reclaim,
so when we convey to a government or a corporo
a j lion a certain interest in our lands, viz: a right
of taking so much of their pioduct or rental uo
the der the title of tax, we are bound by that grant
and cannot honorably resist its foment.
And when a Siatb applies to be admitted into
the Federal Union it conveys to the Federal Gov
than ernment certain rights of taxation, right uf way,
ftrny the vested rights of others, aid to uproot the
foundation of all argument. 1( such a principle
could be applied to our countrr, it would author-
ize a county to secede from a tate, a village or
a township ti seocde from Ihe oounty ns well as
tb Siato a manufacturing company to secede
from the whole community-and every fa
set up on bis own farm is an indepedent sover
eign and slol'y the State to levy a tax upon him or
to open a road through his unclritcJ forests. In
tliori, such a principle brings us to the end of all
government and of Rll the faith and honor upon
which governments aro erectod.
A government created by the people is like a
debt created by an individual, a thing of binding
and irrevocable obligation, from which there can
be no honorable escapo but in accordance with its
and riirht of iurediction whicb. when once cun-
ferred, cannot be recalled by tbe grantor
Yet, !,n truth, this turrenlcr of power aud
jurii-diction to the General Government !( ohly
a re-acknowledgment by the ozonised state of
that jurisdiction which the Federal Government
never coasod to possess since it first hold, owned,
and sold tho lands upon which tho State bas been
erected. And it will not be disputed that the
original States by whom the Federal Constitution
was framed and adopted, are just as firmly bound
by its provisions as the newer States which have
fince been erected on the lands owned by the Fed
Where then is tho right of secession among
honorable communities from rightfully established
governments? It etands in company wiih the right
of the repudia'.ing debtor, the fugitivo husband,
the rebellious citizen, and tbe lawless buccaneer
oi the ocean.
Can South Carolina by her solo wayward will
annul the vested rights of tbo Federal Government?
Can the at her pleasure annul tb right bf taxa
tion, the right of regulating commerce, the right
of determining our foreign policy, and tho right ol
carrying the United States mail or marching the
United Stutes aimy across her boundaries? As
well oiight any county in Kentucky proclaim its
independence, refuse to pny its taxes, and refuse
to permit our courts to be held iu its boundaries.
Unless our national government has these vested
rights independent of Ihe whim of any State, it
oan scarcely be called a government at all Ibe
oaths of all our publio functionaries are but a
miserable mockery honor dwells not among us
and our country will soon become the derision o!
But we hope for better things; we believe that
Kentucky will be true to ber h jnor, and that an
overwhelming majority in other Stat s will stand
by "The Constitution, the Union, and ths Enforce
ment of the Laws." This is the truo issue, the
momentous issue of our struggle! io comparison
with which all othor ioae in party platforms are
uf slight importance. Have wo Ui have we not a
government, a national Union, and shall we be a
mighty nation, or a mere olustor of dinoorddnt,
hostile, bankrupt States?
A COLORED MAN APPOINTED TO THE
GOVERNMENT OF A BRITISH
Tbe British Government appear to be determin
ed Io carry into practice the principles of equality
sot forth in the famous act of eman ipation. It is
only very lately, however,' that English society in
the West Indies hus consented to abandon its pre
judices against color, and to reoogniso tho Mulat
to, or the Black as a social as well as a political
equal. Even vet, in the older Colonies like tbe
Barbadocs, there is broad line of demarcation be-
tween tbe pure Saxon and tbo West Indian, who
is ever so liirhtly touched with the mark of Afri
can desceut, and it would seem to ba the policy
rind desire of lbs Hume authorities to remove al
together a feeling so prejudicial to West Iodiao
interests. Thus, lately, the Mayor of Kingston
Jamaica, was made a Companion of tbe Bath, and
more recently, Mr. Samuel Cookburn, anuthor
geutlcmau of color, and a Creole, of the Island of
Granada, bns been appointed Aiministrator of the
Government of Monteerrat, No' loyal subject of
tbe Queen can refuse to reccgnizs as a social equal
any ooe whom she, as Ibe fountain of honor,
chooses to appoint to high places in ber realm.
A QUESTION ANSWERED.
Mr. Jahes W. Gerard, of New York, address
ed a letter tbe other day, "To the Abolitionists
and Negro Worshippers of New York, and espec
ially the Editors of the Evenjnq Post, and Inb-
une." Mr. Gerard said:
Gentlemen: As vou claim to ba the txdusivt
sympathizers and friends of Ihe black race, and
uiauy of you standing at tbo ooroers, like tbe Phar
isees of old, with your pbylaoterie. made broad
and the hems' Of your garment enlarged, rolling
up tbe whites of your eyes,' and crying' (6 tbe Un
ion wen passing by, "Bobold, I am holier than
thou," why is it tbat you extend your arms to free
ibe slaves of the Soutb, a thousand mile off, aud
yet pas by African slaves now in bndage io your
own city, tinder your own eyes, and make no ef
fort to free tbemt Is it that you can make no po
litical capital out of them? Now I beg leave to
rouiiod you what tbe newspapers have told you of,
loog time ago, tbat id the Kldridge street prison
Where ba've been confined for four montbs.withoul
charge of crime or fault, three African boys, who
were lakea front a deserted slave ship, and bj tbs
government authorities placed in, that prison, un
der the power given' to the President, to take
charge of them and send, tnem oaos to Atrioa.
Tbey are trangrs and friendless in a strange
have boon taken to
ff yoti cannot eel
an abolition lawyer to Inke out a habeas conius, if
lyou will trust me, I will sue ono out fur you, my
Jserticos of Couiso will be gratuitous, anil will
pny tho disbursement!), and d ) my best to gel
will tuke charge of them after '.hey are free. It
would be a real act of human charity to educate
them at our Orphan J. lyhtia for Colored Children,
Christians them, and then send them back M Ar-
rica as free men, to convert their pagan brethren
to our t. lir:etian faith.
Now nil this sounds pretty amcirt, but
nnswer of tho Post, i slightly awful
hsv3 itirettfL tbem-
fJentlemcn in this city
selves in (he fle of the threo African boys in Ll-
dridgo street. Mr. Lewis Tappan, who is over sev-
euty years of ego, accompanied by his grandson,
repaiied on the 23d instant to tbe tfiico of the IV
i.ited States Marshal Ryndirs, to inquire into the
condition of the boys, end to see if it were poii -
bio to transfer them to tbe care of the !u'i"9 of,
Colored Orphan Asylum. As soon as the tljecto
of Mr. Tappan's visit wore made known to the a
genl of tho government, be was assailed in the
most violent aud profane manner. Disgusting
oaths and execrations were heaped upon bin head;
ihe fiats of tho burly officeholder wire thuken in
his face, his cowardly crew of subordinates look
ing on all the while and clapping their bands,
nni4 fiimlltt ha vi.a tlirmt mt t F fl-n !..,. Wl.r...
. . . .
.i.t.l.l i.:.' .. u:..i,. r ' i
was abusedtin iho 9.11113 outrageous manner ; Kyn
ders caiiyht him by the hair, and dragged him a
bout the room ; and even threatened, amid the most
horrid oaths, to cut off his ears with a knife. A
more brutal and atrucous assault was ne7er com
mitted, and what heightens the offence, that it was
committed by an officer of the government upon
This is our answer to Mr. Gerard. When tho
Administration will put und letain in office such
brutes as this Uynders, it cannot be crpected that
peaceful men will rink their lives in order to do a
email deed of charity. It is not pleasant, wben
one desires official intercourse with the federal au
thorities, ts pat pistols in one's pockets, with a
view to ahuoting the ios dent scoundrels down
should they insult us by their ribaldry aud abuse.
liut this is what tbe naudsome lawyer invites us
to. Now, Mr. Gerard may be on such intimate
terms personally witii tho bruiser Rynders as not
to be in fear of bis brutality, but other decent peo
ple, it appears, are not, and could scarcely feel,
safe in his vicinity.
As Mr. Gerard has volunteered us bis advice,
let lis return the favor, and beseech bim to seoure,
as soon as possible, the removal or his political
coadjutor from tbe office which it is so dangerous
for resectable old men and harmless beys to visit.
land, anl n legil nms'irjs
'rc them free.
SPEECH OF A VIRGINIAN.
Ths following extracts are from a speech made
by Charles J. Faulkner io the Virginia House of
Delegates in the session of 1831-2 J
'If there bs danger let us know it and pre
pare for tho worst. If slavery cin bo eradicated,
iu God's uamo let ts get rid of it. If it cannot,
let that melancholy fact be distinctly ascertained;
and lit thuee who, we have told, are now awaitiug
with painful solicitude the result of your determi
nation, pack up thoir household goods, aud find
among the luxuriant foroets and praiiies of Iho
Weat that security und repoae which their Dative
land dues not afford,'
'Sir, if this ovil, as great as it is, was even sta
tionary; if the worthy gentlemen from Meolonburg
and Brunswick could give us any assurance that
it would not increase until it reachos a point bicb
it will be horrible to coutemplats, I uiiht be in
duced to aduicsce In tlie course which their pa
thetic appeals suggest. But when tbey know it
isothcrise, when they know tbat each succes
sive billow is detracting from the small space of
ground left between us and the angry ocean chaf
ing at our feet, bow can tbey advise us,
how can tbey advise their own constituents
to remain still, when the next advancing
wavo may overwhelm them, and us in hopeless
"Sir, tax our laods, villify our country, oarry
the sword of extermination thruugh our now da
fonaeless villages, but spare us, I implore you,
ppare us the crae of slavery, that bitterest drop
from the chalice of the destroying angel."
"The idea of a gradual emancipation and ro
inoval of the slaves from the Commonwealth is
coeval with the declaration of your own independ
ence from the British yoko. It sprung into exist
ence during the first session cf tbe General As
tembly subsequent to the formation of your Re
publican Government. It was proper, there was
fi:ne-s of things in the fact, that so beneficient
an object as tbe plan fur the gradual extinction of
slavery in this State should nave been Ibe twin
off spring of that mind which gave birth to tbe
bill of rights and to ths act for religious freedom.
fact so honorable to tbe publio spirit and hu
manity uf tbat age, so worthy of tbe genius and
expanded philanthropy of thoe with whom il
originated, cannot be too often recurred to tier too
'It ia conceded tbat at this precise moment of
our legislation slaves are injurious to the inter
ests, and threaten the subversion and ruin of this
Commonwealth, Their present number, their in
oreaains number, all admonish us of this. In dif
ferent terms aud io more measured language tbe
same faot baa been conceded by all who have
vet addressed this House. "Somothiug must bs
done." emphatically exclaimed the gentleman
from Dinwiddle ; apd I thought t uould perceive a
response to tbat declaration in the countenance ol
Urge majority of this body. And why must
something be done ? Because if not, .ay the
gentleman from Campbell, the throats of the white
people of Virginia will be out. No, says ins gen
tleman from' Dinw'iddie, 'the whites cannot ba con
quered ; the throats of the Hacks will be cut.' Il
trifling difference, to b sure, sir, and matters
not to the arguinept; for tho fact is conceded thai
one race or the other must be exterminated.'.
'sir, I think I am, then, born out by the actual
situation of things in Ibis Commonwealth; by the
itrong necessity pressing upon us, and by the s.iir
aid progressive approach of aa evil that rt,I1
evefttf.ily involve us in national ruin In coulo'ni.
ing that we thould bo juntificd note in lomorlog
this class of our population.' ' '
I "Sir, it is true in national as it is in ' priva's
contracts, that loss and iijurytoone party may
coueitute ns fair a consideration as tain to lie
! other. Does tho slaveholder. whilo be is rniovinir liii
fluTcs, iiflcct uron the deon iniurv and inclcu!-
b)e loss which tho possession of that tjoror!yJn-
jflicts.opon t:s true interests of the country,?. Aud
j,,c e ,l0l ,,orce;to ,n t ; inleratinp l!,a
(0vi, 6ay fr iuirlv jCal., ilinrt for ui, bencfi',
( js ,il0 ,h:vpo of jr,jurjit0 iisiif.nud bopefit 'lu
j him, giving h.in a full and, adequate Compensation'
I, js ttl0 only compensation which, so help me
God ns a slaveholder, I ill ever accept from lbs
, Common v. calth of Viwii.ii. It is the oulv com-
pensntjob which, as a lavr-ivcr; I will ever di-
j ponee to others'' .
j 'Slavery, it ia aJuiitud, is an evil; it is an insti
tution which presses heavily againstthe best inter
eH of tho Stale, h banishes free white .labor;
; it eiteru.il, ales the mechanic, tho artisan, the
I manufacturer. It derives them of occupation.
rives thorn of bread, it converts the
into imbecility; its cfn lency into weakness,
ling thus ii.junou
have we not a riht to demand
its extermination ? Shall society suffer that the
slaveholder may continue to gather his crop of hu
man flesh?' What is his mere pecuniary claim
compared, with tbe great interests of tbe common
weal ? Must the country langu'uh, droop, die) that
the slaveholder may flourish ? Shall all interests
bo subservient to ono t All rights subordinate to
thoso uf the slaveholder ? Has not the mechanic
have not tbo middlo classes their rights ? -rights
incompatible witb tho existei.ee of slavery ?' ;
'Sir, so great and ovorsbr.dowing are .tbo. evils
of slavery; so sensibly are they felt by thoB who
have traced tbe cuuej of our national decline; so
perceptible is the poisonous operation of its .prin
ciples in the varied and diversified interests of this
Commonwealth, that all, v. lute minds are not
warped by prejudice and interest, must admit that
the diseate has now assumed that mortal tendency
us to jus ify tbe application of any remedy, which)
under the great law of State necessity, we might
consider advisable., Yes, -sir, if politic, the imme
diate removal of that whole class of our popula
tion.' . .. .,. , ,
'Sir, if there be ooe wbo concurs with that gen
tleman in tbe harmless character of tbis institu-
'tion, let tue request bim to compare tbe condition
of the slavebolding portion of this Commonwealth
barren, desolate, and seared as it were by Ibe
avenging hand of Heaven witb the descriptions
whicb we have of this same country from those
who firot broke its virgin soil. To what is this
change ascribable ? Alone to the withering and
blasting edicts of slavery.'
A MOTHER RANSOMED.
It will be remembered that last spring a whits
woman (Mrs. Piquet) appeared before the congre
gation uf tbe First Congregational Church in (his
place, and asked for money to aid in buyipg her
mother from slavery. Our citizens .coptributed
liberally as did the people nearly everywhere she
went in'Oliio and New York. We bad heard noth
ing further from tbo suffering woman until last
wcok, when we were gratified to see a-card in a
Cincinnati paper, signed by the beroio daughter,
and warmly thanking those wbo have assisted ber
in purchasing ber aged parent. Mother an I
daughter are ow living coiufortably in Cincinnati
the niolhor having been purchased from ber
Texan master fur tbe sum of $'J00. .. An inter?;';
it.g comment upon latter-day humanity and civil
ization. Oberlin News. '
THE DIOCESAN CONVENTION.
7b the Editor of tht New Turk .Ti.ibune-.
Sin: The following priate note from a cler
ical member of tbe lato Episcopal Cunvention In
t is city, seems to me worthy nf coming before
the publio as an evidence that all of that Conven
tion nro not persuaded of the , expediency of si
lence up;n eo grave a eub'ect f.a Piracy. ' He
sayt: ' :
"Tbe world movos, ts you say, and tbe Church'
has to move witb it, sooner or later, , in spite of
votes, and resolu'iors, fanatical conservatism, aud
rabid rad tape; yet, when. I remember the recept
ion whicb Mr. Jay's resolution met, In a Conven
tion called Christian, I almost despair of ths
'Church.' If ihey dare not condemn the African
slavs-trade, how long before they will take hold
of other reforms or questions that effect Ihe wel
fare of mankind. Tbey spend hours upoa canof.a"
and rubric9, ceremonies and vestments, but !iVve
no time nor inclination for weightier matters' lika
Justice, Humanity, and Charity. Thus, they
strain at gnats und swallow enormous camel.
"Eight hundred of our fcllow-uretftures are sto
len to be carried o!T to bo sold into Slavery, and
priest and I.evite pass by on the other side.
Cain's question is r.ttcd by tbe Church. . ;
"The attempt to gf g Mr. Jay excited toy Indig
nation. If be Lad introduce 1 resolutions to censure
God,: of eulogise tbe Devil, I would not have'
vnted to choke bim down in so mean and eow-
ardly anianner. - .
' Well, we must learn to wait. Time worka
great changes. The day will come, and that spsed
ily, when the narie of John Jawill be rememb
ered witb admiration for his" pemevering adher
ence' to Ihe right on this very question. . : ..
"Pardon my warmth.
"A few more Church Convention.' will drive in'
off to tbe rank of Parlur and Garrison, and that
sort of Infidles.
The basset and mot wioked infidelity is .tbat
which denle tb 'brotherhood of God."... . - ; ..