Newspaper Page Text
BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
"A'O UNION WITU SLAVEHOLDERS."
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AGENT.
Vol. io. no. ia.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY OHIO, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1SG0.
WHOLE NO. 7S9;
T II E ANT IS LA VERY BUGLE,
rsBUiniD bvbrt Saturday at salem, ouio;
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ireul.aliooamnng their friends.
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f. HUDSON, PRINTER.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Spiritual communication form "The Aurora."by J. F., medium
ETHIOPIAN IS A POWER IN THE
Now it came to past that the sons of Shcm,
Vh was the son of Noah, divided themselves in
to many nations, and sought dwelling places in
laads afar from Ararat.
But Ham and hit sons wont to Ethiopia, whore
ha vara divided into numerous tribes, and gat
power and rule over great oountries and ielaodi
M the sea.
Ami Sh.m besat Jacob, and Jocob begat Kobe
tniab, aud Nehemiah begat Herod, who were all
whit mnn !
AnJ lUrnd beeat Cajsar. and Coosar begat
Cromwell, and Crmiwell begot a king named
And Jeorje begat Ci.lumbus, and Columbus be
Tt.,V !I..r.non. and thev also wcrn white men
n r ,h Shi-niltish tribe, which 'ribo boro
Bok Hannon, live in the country called Occident.
And Bok Hannon became a great prophot in
it.. imIib. wiih much profit to bis purse, so that
he stood bofoto the queen of Albien, boing one
who spake in high authority.
And behold he sought fur many years to bo a
chief ruler among the people, for ho loved then,
with an exceeding love.and would father them nil,
at he lived without issue.
Ha loved, also, the spi.-it waters called, in the
province of Perm, Monon Gaheel-a, which in the
Milesian tongue, is whisky.
Ha cauted great vessols of this spirit to bo left
t the inn and at tho autilers over the lund, and
bad likewise many flagons at his own house, and
aid unto the people, Drink I it is freo whisky.
They drank and were inspired with mighty
power, so that every man was a god, in his own
Vjyes, and could slay S impson and Goliah Witb the
jaw-bone of a Boanerjes,
And swallow a great island, even Cu Ba, as
the whale swallowed Junah.
Aud when tbo people assembled together in all
the provinces of the land on a certain day in the
eleventh month to choose a ruler from among
themselves, many cried out fur John, of Onhir;
But these were not led by the god Monon tia-beel-a,
altogether, so that tho tribes and chief
men, with much money and free w hiskey, over
oame the Ophirite, and Bok Hannon was proclaim
ed ruler of the realm.
Now, Ham was in Ethiopia, and ha begat Eu
clid, and Euclid begat Solomon, and Solomon be
gat Hannibal, and Hannibal begat many sons
One of the sons begat Con Fucius, and Con Fu
oius begat Ey Ting, acd Ey Ting begat Hong
Kong, and Hong Kong spread like measlea, so
that great nntions, kingdoms and many tribes
prang Irom the loins of Ham.
As David and Jonathan loved each other, so
loved the Sbemites their cousins-jcr.nan, the Ilam
ltes, and tbsy would bless them as opportunity
And the Sbemites builded themselves great arks
of wood and of iron, and with tbem went beyond
the seas to fetch their oousins from the Orient, to
do them good, and bless them as their lord gave
But when they brought tbem bither they had
uob exceeding love for the Ethiopians that thoy
took them on their lands, in their families, in their
prisons, yea, they took them in jenerally. .
And they took tbeir males for men servants,
and tbeir women for maid servants and ooneu
bioes, (which in the Austral tongue is doxy,) and
tbeir children to the market plaoe with their
beep aed oattle.
And tbeir love waxed exeeeding hot for the sons
of Ham and the daughter alao, to (bore were
more children by tbo bond-women than Htgar
bore to Abraham.and may they not ba a Ishmaol?
Thy old their tons and daughter to the hea
then rornd about for eheekels of gold and of 'li
ter, and grew fat in their coffer thereby.
When these things came to the ears of the peo
ple where the Ethiopians were not, many became
ad and said, This is a wicked thing in the sight of
lb Lord, and against the eovenant, which pro
claims liberty throughout tbo land to all the in
For tbey (aid tbat, of one blood bath God creat
ed all men, and the oppressor shall perish, even
Pharaoh was drowned in th Red Sea,- so shall
tb wenilvalen be dertroyd.
Now there rose in the east a mnn whose name
was Gar Rison, and ho declared with a mighty
voico against the oppressor.
All over tho realm and even beyond the sea, the
people beard his voico as the trumpet of Gabriel,
and many gavo heed to his sayings.
Rut the priests, and the juiljes and Ibe rulers,
and the publicnns, and thieves, and adulterers,
and murderers, and scribes and phariseea, and
hypocrites and sinners jenorally, with one voices
like unto Cain, said, Are we our brother' keep
And the priests ranted, the rulers and ju?jo"
laughed to scorn, the publicans and sinners, and
men stealers and murderers swore on the horns of
(he nliar of the union, that these friends of Ham
should not live.
Rut the more the wrath of the oppressors bo
oume kindled, the more the friends of the Ethiopian
So that the uhiuf rulers, the great judjes, the
sanhedrim, the counsellors, and all in authority ;
Tho high priests and fornicators, the murdorere
and tbiovee, the selleis of evil waters, and those
praying saints who steal, were sorely troubled.
Fur nil theso, yea, and many more, were they in
great tribulation before their time, and ehouh in
their shoes, as they feared the day of judgment
Furthermore, it camo to pass, that BR tho days
of Bok Hatinon'B rule were drawing to an end
the Gogs, Ma Gogs, and Dema Gogs met together
in somo of tho chief cities to choose on whom the
mantle of power should fall.
. And divers of the Doma Gogs from tho north,
and from tho south, and from the east, end from
tho wcBt, assembled tliouisel ves, wiih great Demi
juline, and much Monon G.iliecl-a, by the sea
shore, in the city of Cot Ton, where they counsel
ed for many days as to who should be chief Demn
Gog among tbem.
They counseled (sucked) tho evil spirits, swore
by tho great Horn on the altar of tho union, syako
wicked (truthful) words conceming eaoh other,
and fought as wolves for a slain sheep's flesh, for
'.hey love tho oarcase exceedingly.
And Steven fought John, and Caleb fought Ste
ven, and John, tue elder lougnt Don juannon, ana
Bok Hannon fought all but Monon Qahcel-n, and
whisky tpd Cuti Fusion reigned over all the Dema
G'.'gt, so that their counsels came to nought.
Fur the Ethiopian was among them, even in
their chief counsels and synagogues, in tbeir se
cret places, in all their temples and heaps of wood,
and he wrought as a consuming lire, even as fire
and brimstone scorched be them.
So tho multitude of counsellors were divided
and wisdom fled from them.
Now of tho Shomites was another tribe of
Dema Gogs, and there wero upright men among
ttcm who strove to do justly, but tha Dema Gogs
with faces of hypocrisy ruled tho tribe.
And their chiefs also met together on the bord
ers of a lake, in the province called Sockerdoui,
and in the city of Slieek Aw Go.
Tho Ethiopian was also in their woodpile, but
thoy slaked the thirst of their counsellors will
cii'.te water and less wbUkey, so that tho fire ol
their destruction was somewhat quenched.
Anil they Cast about Tor a lender, and tho lot fell
upon Abrahum, a great cloaver of wood, so he
said to tho multitude, Follow me, for I am the
wedjo of gold which shull split asunder all ol
Dema Gii?) an 1 pepare him for the hot oven of the
wrath of an angry people.
And they who followed Abraham spake great,
swelling words, but thoy kept one foot on the neck
of Ham, and swear to the oppressor be should
suffer no evil.
The Do Magogs who aforetime met in the city of
Cot Ton, again assembled themselves in tho city
of the Mun U Mciit.
And Munon Gaheola and Ham also wero again
in the midst ot their counsels, so that they swore
at and fought each othor with a vengeance.
And by reason of tho lovo among all of them
fur the shei-kols in the treasury, they waxed so
hot in their indignation that they separated.
Thus were the tribes of De Magog divided, some
running after Abraham, the ruiler, and others
shouting for Steven, or the Johns, or old Sam ; so
ibat they kicked, and cuffed, and mauled, and
goujed, and bit each uther as did tho cats in the
land cif the apostle Patrick,
And Ham looked on and rejoiced, fur they all
feared him and were one against him, swearing
to put down the covenant of Liberty j but Gud is
with Ham and assuredly be will conquer these
hosts of Philistines.
The Red Sea is before them, the mountains of
Truth are about them) the sword of Justice is un
sheathed behind tbem, and unless they speedily
repent and break the bonds of the oppressed, tho
god of battles will overcome the vaunted power of
these De Magogs, and bury tbem in their own
temples of unrighteousness.
Verily, is not tho Ethiopian a power in the
TALK WITH A CHARLESTON DISUNIONIST
TALK WITH A CHARLESTON DISUNIONIST —THE PUBLIC OPINION
OF THE PALMETTO STATE.
A correspondent of the New YorkTribuoe,writ
ting from Charleston on the 7th, says;
As near as I oan learm a very pratical view is
taken by the people of South Carolina of the dif
ficulty in which tbey are placed in the Union. I
will try to give t. I went up ibe street (.Meet
ing street) to tho Pavilion last nigbt. I met a
planter from Wadboo Bridge, who own a large
plantation on Cuopor river, and has a.UUU slaves.
"Whv do vou wish to eo out t Lincoln may make
a good and a just President ?" I asked.
"That it not the thing, ba replied, most or us
planter are deeply in debt! we should not be il
oat of tbe Union. We should cave a direct
trade with Europe. We should get a better price
for our cotton, and oar Good would cost as 50
per oent loss than new. Il don't make much dif
erenoe what Linooln doe. We want to eoede,
must do it now or never. If we don I secede
now, the political powei of tbe Boulb i broken.
Onoe, Nw England w a power in In otte.--
Sbe mndo Cortgross pass jiist such laws as she
pleased, ibo has had her Adamses, her Web
stcrs, and her torilTs. What is she now t More
ly New Knglnnd. No power; no one regards her.
So it will be wiih tho South if we do not go out
now. I say we, for the South will go with us."
"Take another cigar, sir?" ''What reason will
you give?" "What excuse," said I.
' Damn the reason or excuse. We wi$t to go
out. Wo have a right to go out, and South Caro
lina will go out. Tlie United States was nothing
more than an agent appointed by South Carolina
and the other States, and now tb 9 agent has be
come master, tyrant and dictator to tha principals.
;Tliie State won't stand it."
"I do not sco clearly how you make that out. I
am dull, perhaps. Will you inform me in this re
"Certainly. As you aro going into Greenville
District I'll tell you my ideas, and yot; will find
them extensively hold. As long ago as tho form
ation and tbe adoption of the Constitution, thirteen
States united aod formed a Constitution ; and
then they appointed an agent to attend to tho ex
traneous matter, and to manage tho property or
territory which belonged to all. These States
acted in the premises as Ptntcs and not as individ
uals, i'ieir motives for forming the General Ci-
iun was that eaih might be benefitted. The Con
stitution was adopted. South Carolina was in tho
boat. She is now a part of the Southern section
the minor section of the Union. We hold to the
Constitution, and arn willing to nbide by its pro
visions, fairly and justly iuterpreted. l'his-, Sir,
you will !iud the prevailing sentiment among all
the intelligent people you will meet with in this
State. We don't regard the Federal Union, or
General Government "
"National, you mean," I interrupted.
' No, sir, I'll bo damned if I mean National.
Nation and National are words not used iu the
South, and they were never used by the framcrs of
the Uuiistitution or by Gen. Washington in Any of
his papers. I mean the Federal Government, and
I say it is a mcro ajeitl. Congross is only the
maker of laws. Il it nut an interpreter of the
Constitution. The Constitution is Supreme nnd
above Congress, for it is tho bond of Union cre
ated and mado for tho protection of the minor
Slates, more than for tho major. Majorities can
protect themselves and need no Constitution.
This solemn compact made by tho thirteen Stated
us States, has been ropeatedly violated at the ex
pense of tho Southern States. Congress, under
tho Constitution has no right tn pass a law which
effects the interest uf any State, or a majority of
tbe States at the expense of any State or of a mi
nority of States."
"Dj you think Charleston will be greatly bene
fitted by secession f" I asked.
"Yes, because, in case of separation, this city
would evidently become one of the groat commer
cial cities of tho South. It haj but one inconve
nience. Tho draft of water on the Bar is
about 18 feet, and this Bar is but 10 milos
from the city. Cast your eye on tbat map
(and bete he pointed out to me a map of
the United States) and see what an immense re
gion will receive its supplios from Charleston, a-id
forward its produce to the same point. 1'roduue
can now be sent from the interior of Tennessee to
this city cheaper than to New Orleans or Niw
York. As soon as separation takes place, we shall
run the steamers that ply between New York and
Charleston boiwoen tho latter city and England,
tiuDhittg at tho Azores. It would pay better than
at the North. Even ns it i6, letters from England
are received in the West Indies sooner than by tho
West Indian line of steamers."
This ended tho conversation) and t send it td
you as correctly illustratihg tbo opinions prevail
ing iu ibis city with regird to tbe great question
From the New York Evening Post.
AN INCIDENT OF THE ELECTION.
DOWNING ELECTIONEERING FOR FREE
On Monday last, Downing, who did ndt wish to
take the credit uf victualling the Great Eastern
out of the bands of the gentlemen Who had that
department in charge, commenced electioneering
tor tho benefit of his race As each gentleman
entered bis saloon in Broad street he was received
wiih a amile of unusual politeness. Downing is
always polite, but on this occasion be was espec
ially so. '-frothing," said be, "opens a man's
heart, or puts him in a mood to exercise the vir
tue, of generosity, bet'er than good feeding. I
have therefore got a splendid oyster expressly for
this occasion, and to-day my viands are of tbe
most superior kind. I must succeed." Aocor
diugly, when the well fed Voter came up to pay
his shot, a circular, signed by James Motutie
Smith, was placed in bis hands by Downing, aud
enclosed in ibis were three tickets; in each of
which waa inscribed, "For tbe proposed amend
ment to tbe right of suffrage."
"What do you want me to do T" inquired one;
''I am a democrat, and can't vote for Linooln."
'As to that; sir," would be tbe reply, "Lincoln
Is sale enough) he's sure to be in. All I want is
for you to give the poor colored man a chance.
Let him now hrtve A voice in choosing who it to
govern him. Let him be free In fact a well as in
"Well, but what need you care about Hi mat
ter t You can vote."
"Yes sir; but I bad many a bard struggle before
I oould raise the property qualification, and now I
am able to vote, and to are all my eon. But have
I no feeling 1 Don't I see those around roe who
are a good men as I am, standing down, unable
to exercise tbe right of freemen, simply beoause
tbey have not ibe property qualification ol two
buudred and fifty dollar T"
The visitor would read a portion of the oiroular,
and answer, "I'll think of il;" but that would
uot do. Downing would grow quite pathetic, and
in Dinely-uine casea out of a hundred he succeeded
in getting a piomise, aod it is known tbat even
demoorats kept tbat promise.
"Tbe faot is," said Downing, "I wonder bow it
wa that oolered roto ever got oa at all. I re
member it is now forty five years ago when I first
thought of commencing the oyster trade. I had a
very littlo capital, and commenced with my basket
of oysters, ond wns soon xble to get another, and
I added a liulo, weekly, to my stock in trade. I
soon had competitors, but etillVt was confined en
tirely to colored men, so that by pcrsoverauce and
induetry wo in a short titno began to do a passable
business, in fact wo were enabled to live and do
something Tor our families. But the white man
saw it, and ho thought -ho would spcculuto. He
did so, and bepnn to draw away our custom. Ho
bad moro capital and was ennbled to do a better
hiioinOPS. 'I ho I I n , .
w...ww. uiur uoioreu men nmt rrin lipid.
one by one, yot I remained and managed
i t -
god to live.,
ouuu uio oyster trade became a flourishing one;
and now wo hnto our Astor House, our St. N icho -
lat and Fifth Avenue Hotels, as well as all the
other small fry, nil having their oyster openers
and their private restaurants. This aroao from
what the colored man commenced.
"The trade being thus spoiled, and 'Othello's
O .1.-.. - ... . . "
oocupauon gtmo,' tho colored man nsxt took to
I, a t r. A n .1 I. . ' 1 mi .
,.,... u nair-urcssing. mis succeeded also,
.or . no .re uiock man is industrious, but the
white man saw we were thriving, and ho stenr.ed
in, and now we lu.vo our Phalons and our Bache-j
lors, and o thers. Still, in this business the colored
1 man is prstty successful.
"As body-servants, waiters, and in other men
ial occupations, tho colored men continued to
thrive: and, at least, managed to eke out a eubsis-j
tence. But the white man stepped in here, too ;
and now, with one or two exceptions, all tbo ho-;
tela are suppl.ed with white waiters, and very few
piivate families have colored sorvants.
..n... - - . j i
"l" uuwnwara step was street sweepine.
With our broom and shovel and wheelbarrow wo
on from day to day picking up garbace, ond
endeavoring to earn a few pennies. But tho white
,l. . . .
... ,,,, ..o, 0eing allowed lo associate
with the while man, bad to cast about for anothor
business. Anything however menial, anything to 1
support life. Accordingly, wo booamo night sea-
vengers, oleaners of water-closets and other p'acos'
of that kind, arid tho removers of the soil. Here, !
we thought, we would surely remain undisturbed. 1
The labor was groat, the work most disgOstit.g- j
and our natural rest was lost. And we did euo-
coed foM whilo. But the white man saw it was
a profitable speculation, and we were not allowed '
to enjo a monopoly even of this disgusting busi
ness. (One and anothur cairn in and offered
their services, and at length capitalists put thoir
monejinto tbe business, and large contraols were
made mhe work.. The black man's 'nose was
put out of joint,' and ho hjd onco m ire to seek for
a new field of labor.
"Te now strui-k upan a business which we real.
Iy thought would bs abivo tha whito man, or that
lie would oonsidor himself ab ivs it. Tho oyster
busini'ss wag decent and respectable; hair-dressing
was deiidedly so; shaving was not altogether fccii--
laron, though perform'!! by a barber
. . .......
lives everywhere: even rirjiht-scavaUKeriiij; was
uot Do bad, because at night tho party who enga
ged in it whs not known; but our new business
we believed to be tbe lowest in the scale. And so
we weut to work, got brushes, bluckii g and a
stand, and commenced polishing the understand
ing ol tho people. In plain English, wt became
shuc-blaoks. And in this we were most success
ful. Many of our littl.) boys used to earn from
one to two dollars a day, and even more. This
was seen. Iu came the white man; he was extensively
patronised; and poor Sambo, as ye call him,
bad to give way.
"Wo now thought we had gone as low in the
scale is Wo could descend, and thereforo we
agreed to go no lower. Wo ask but for a little
'raise' uow. Let ue have the suffrage, and wo
may do eoinetbirg for ourselves, for we must oat
aud drink uud sleep as well as tbo white man,
and to du llieao we must work and earn the means.
Wo are not beasts of burden; if we were wa should
be provided for, and would bo thankful. As it is
we must live, and to du so, we musi huuestly get
means. Come sir, take an election oyster."
Thus did Dowuingolectioneer, and if every one
were but balf as earnest for his party as he for his
race, there would be very few indeed who would
stay away fiom tbo pulls ou election day.
From the N. Y. Evening Post.
ANOTHER EXPULSION FROM THE
We bave heard from an eyc-witnes a rather lu
dicrous case of expulsion from tho South of a nor
thern gentleman, who fur many years has been iu
ibo bubit of making fall visits to that section of
the country, in search of custom, as the represen
tative of an extensive firm in our uity. No one
had ever suspected him of abuliiion proclivities,
as he had always takeu great paius to uphold tbe
"institutions of the Pouth," aud had always been
loud in bis denunciation uf tbe "inueudiaries" and
'agitators" of the North.
Ou a recoot visit, however, he happened lo be
among a number of men who were discussing tho
political aeuect uf ibe times. Iu his leal to agree
with the local feeling and sentiments be engaged
in the conversation. An unfurtunate impedi
ment in his ipeech, which increased as be booame
excited, led tu disastrous results.
"Gontlemon," be eaid, "I g-g-g-go for Li-Li-Li
Before he could finish the sentence a dozen
bands were upon him, and he was rudely pushed
"I K'88-8 fr Li-Li-Li , ho stammered
"You go for Li-Li-Lincoln, do you t Then you
bad better leave for ome place wbere you can 'go
for him with more afety to your jugular," was
the advice given by a parson present. Ho endeav
ored lo explain, but tbe more excited he bjcaoae
tbe more difficult it wue to expros himself. Ho
was hurried from tbe hotel, aod, in tbe hands of a
self-oonstituled committee,' was oouduoted to tbe
limits of tbe oexi town, and warned never lo re
turn to the one be bad jutt left.
'IIbow to y y -your decision," ho man
aged to ay, at be turned to faoe tbe departing ex
sort; "but y y you have been tt too hasty,
I g g go for li li limiting the power of C
U Lungress "
The committee waitod to hear no rqore, but Icl'i
the discomfited northerner to pursue his way, re
gretting bia fato and imperfect utterance.
SOUTH. From the Charleston Mercury of Thursday, November 6th.
THE TALK IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
THE STATE RIGHTS FLAG THROWN TO THE BREEZE.
During yesterday morning our oitizons thronged
I .1 - I ... ... .
i u us less iiinrAtiirniiirAa aTr.rnu n. h
termination to resist Lincoln's election nt all lu.i -
ards. Crowds flocked around the Mercury cfli.e,
1 apparently tho principal rendezvous, and as tho
resignations of the Federal c racer were put upon
tho'bulletin board, the excitement was iutense,
peonlo began to think in earnest, that "the South
would soon govern tho South ;" and the briln
' countenances of all classes of our citiiens gavo es-
'"ranee of harmony in their future actions.
1 rt I . ... . .. . ...
inomeit exciting incident was the unfurling of
( me State ting or South Carolina, from an upper
, window of tho Moruury office, which was Greeted
with vociferous cheers, proclaiming in trumpet
tones, that "tho colors were to ba cailod to the
THE NEWS OF LINCOLN'S ELECTION.
resigned. From early evening on Tuesday, ' until
' two o'clock th n..Tt n..,rni,... ih Mr,..,ro , h;..
Yesterday, November tbe 7th, will long be a
memorable day in Charleston. Tho tea has been
thrown overbuard-tho revolution of 1800 has
been initiated. Intense though nuict excitement
i prevails throughout tho community. Tho Gov-
err.mcnt i.fn. bila. .mr ,,lmn ;n ,i,. i,
was crowded wiih anxious eineetants of tho no
board was surrounded, and our offica filled will, a
contin.iallv flowing crowd.
At twelve o'clock was ..nf,..l.1 from
dow aud stretched across the street a rod flag,
wjtli tho Palmetto and f.nnn Star. A l.,,t fr.m,
below, and twice three heartv rheers: Breie,l it.!
annearannn. Ti, A .,.;.; .,f isr.rt i,.,..,!;..!,,.
y assembled, and arrangements bave been made
ur . Dublin niBetin to B.idors. notion ,,r ih
Legislature in tho call of a Stato Convention to
81(1emble fts soon as craetieabl.. The feulmr i,n
all bunds is for prompt separate action. The
officers who have resigned their placss urei
expected to address tbo meeting to assembto as
auon as tbo Legislature shall bave acted. Chu.flt.c
ton is not behind lbs State, and will play her part
in tbe grand drama now beforo us, as becoming
her intelligence, her stake and ber civilization.
Oo every lip is the stern cry, "rite la UOerta I"
FLAG FOR THE SOUTHERN REPUBLIC.
Ono of our most wealthy and influential mer-
... ' ...,...,.. .,:...
ailUII, DUKECOIB IIJU IUJ1U? ua U BUIlllUlU UI1U lll
propriate national banner fur tbe Southern Col
fuderacy. Tho ground entirely blue; with a golden Pal
metto ia tho contre: a goldon rattlesnake twining
round the stem of the Palmetto, with its rattle
i sprung, bead erect, and tongue protruded. In '.bo
. buckgraund, to the rear ol tho treo and snake, a
single golden star in the unper right burner with
the words "Room fur Mure" on tbe opposite sidn.
From the Charleston Courier of Thursday, the 8th.
THE LAST TERM.
The last term of the United Stales District
Cobrt, irt And for Sjutb Carolina, was opened mid
closed on Wednesday, 7th November 1SG0, under!
Judge A. 0. Magrath.
At tho opening of the Court, Judge Magrath i
delivered the final decree in tho case of ol Ujss
C. Davis and others, owners of tbo Steamer Nii:B,j
and tho Fire Engine Companies vs. Tha Siean.
Ship Huntsvillo. Memminger, Jervy & Wilkin-
son, Proctors for the Nina; J. B. Campbell fur thuj
Fire Companies, and Brown & Porter fjr tbe!
Judge Magrath then inquired cf tbe Grand Ju
ry if they had ny presentments to make. Fore
man Robert N. Qourdin, Esq., then addressed the
Court as follows s
May it p ease your ito nor ; It is understood to
be one of tho functions of the Orand Jury to make
presentments of nuisanoet, and lo suggest to lie
Court and to tbe coun.ry such roforme in law, or
in its adiiiicotraiioD, a may to them item proper.
These presentments are predicated upon the sta
bility of the government, and are designed to pro
mote its gradual and steady progress to the high
est civilizatiou. Henoe it was the purpose of this
Jury to lay before tbe Cuurt some matters tug-'
gested by the Indictments submitted to them ; but
the events of yesterday seem to render this unnecessary
now. Ihe verdict of the northern section of the Con
federacy, solemnly announced lo the country through
the ballot box on yesterday has swept away the la ft
hope Jar the stabihty oj the lederal Uovernment tif
li;e sovereign Males ; ond tbe publio mind is con
strained to lift itself above tbe consideration of
details io the administration of Law and Justice,
up tbe vast and solemn issues whioh bave been
furoed upon us. These issue Involve tho exist-
ence uf tbe government of whioh thi Court i the
organ aod minister. In these extraordinary cir-
oumstances, tbe Grand Jury respectfully deiliue
to proceed wi:h their presentments. They deem
tbie explanation due lo the Court and ta ilium-
Thereupon Judge Magralh announced hi resig
nation in tbese word:
Tbe business of ibe term ha beon disposed of ;
and, under ordinary oirouinslance, il would be my
duly to dismiss you lo your eeveral avocations,
witb my thanks fur your presence and aid. But
now I bave somothiug more lo do, the omission uf
whioh would not be consistent with propriety, tn
tbe political history of tha United Slates, an event
of ominous import ba happened to fifteen clavc
holding State. Tbe State of wbiub we are eiti-
sens' ha elway ueea understood to have deliber-
ately fixed it porpoa whenever tbat .'tent ebouldi
I To my brethren of tbe bar, whose uniform cour
went t. and ;,l i,.,.. m,t ir.;.t nJ
j B ...
jail of whom my official relation bave been pro
Federal duciiva of the highest gratification I now tender,
; at tho last cfiicial act which I thill here dis-
happen. Feeling an assurance of what wllt.be
the action cf the Stato, I considor it
wiii'iui uei it, to prepare to oury it withes.-
Chat preparation is made by the resignation of
ilia offico I have held'. For tie la at lime I bave,
is a Judge of the United States, administered lb
lawt uf thi United Slate within the limit of tbo
Siate of South Carolina.
While thus acting in obedience io ft SOB'S of du
ly, I canu it bs indifferent lo the emotion it must
produce. That Jr'partihci.l of Gjve'rnnient which,
I belinvp, has best maintained its integrity and
preserved its purity, liis been suspended. So far
- . r - - j ., , r ..
i i sin conccri.rii, ino ii'Biii.eoi tiusnce. raised
jonder the Cstisiitution of tho United States, is
now closed. If il shall never again be opened, I
thank God that its doors have been closed before
i'.t altar has leun de6orattd with tacrifito lo lyr1
May I not say to you that tn tbe future which
we are about tu penetrate, next lo the reliance wo
should place iu tho goodness of thai God wbii
ivill guide us iu the right way, should be our eoo
; ri lenes in our Slate, aud our obeditnoe to it lawt.
j Wo aro about U sever our relation with other,
i.,.n,.o it,,.- I,,. i.,i .,.?,. ;,L
Let us not forget that what tl4 JawS of our State'
require, become our duties. Aod tbat he who acll
ugaihsl tho wish, or without tbe command of bit
State, usurps tint sovereign, authority which HI
must muintaiu iuviolaie.
To you. gentlemen of the Jury, I may (peak a
the representative tf tho Juries with whom I have
been connccicd, ftml lo you I now give eJtpreiSlOtt
to ibni C"imj;iun I liavo always had of the Sdelt
ty with which tbe responsible duties of Juror
: h !,.
dutios tho source of ideasure hd instruction. I
tender lliA nusnranRes of mv trintl nml ffri.thfilt rA
To tlio officers of this Court with whom I have
been so long and tdoasantly connected; to Ibo At
torney of the United States for ibis Slate, whol
ability and fidelity, io tha discharge of bis duties,
merits tho highest commetidalion; to the Marshal,
whose zeal bus ever kept pace with tbe obligations
of bis office; to tha clerk, whose exporienoe has
ever been generously exercised in tbo businesn of
tbo Court; t ) nil other officers, who have invariably
been exact in all tbey were required to do with
' ..t r. ..-: i A
Tbe manner and the act were equally imprest
ive and affecting, so that there were few dry ty(
among tho spectator) and auditors, as Judge Ma-
grath divestsd hidiself .'f ihe Judicial Robe, whioh
he had worn with acceptance, fidelity fcnil honor,
to claim the independent position aod privilege of
a citizen of South Carolina.
The U. S. District Attorney. Jame Conner;
E.q., then addressed tho Court as follow i
May it phase your honor: The officer of tha
Court, in parting with you, dosiro me to express t
you their deep sense of the kindness and courtesy
which has so uniformly characterized ybhr inUr
course with thorn, and to reiurd to you thoi
thanks. The foeliugj which prompt your retire
mcnt uro shared by tbem. To somo of them thera
are considerations of overruling importable, th
lurco and j ropiiety o' which no one cttH UWpute,
which must prevent their action at prBSeht. No"
such considerations affect myself, ahd I have now
tu announce to your Honor my retirement from the
official position which I have bebupied in mil
Court during your Honor's adriilhlstrallob. Mf
poaitiou has been one involving iilubti labor, aod
jut soiae periods no inoonsidsraU'e responsibility!
I have eudoavored fully to disthiifgS its duties tf
tl,a bott of my ability.
From the Arbtabula
TO HON EWING.
Sir: I have read your speeou
I, ileliiersil al
Cbilicothe, with interest. That iUterwt wa x
citod from tho ciicumttance tbat it wat made af
ter you became saiUfijd that. Mr. Lincoln wobU
be eloctod-tbo whole speech, also; showing it
was uot made to promote bis election, but to guide
bis notion, and the aovion of bis Administratioa.
f.. i,. .l,...bl come into power. I wa altw
awaro that othor rentlemon who bave united with
ut probacy for similar reasons, are endeavoring
to'biingiuuuencea to bear upon the President
elect; that would lead him to, disregard th. doo
trino un which bo ha, been elected in order to n
establish tbo old Whig party, and be guided b
tbo councils of men who bave lung since been
weighed in tbe balances and found wanting. For
ibis purpoto wo are informed by the public press,
that a member of one or tbo paot exscu.ive cabi
net, visited Mr. Linooln before , he was elected,
aod then assured his friend at Washington, that,
the incoming Exeout'ivo would eoforeo lb fti
, i .i. . -..l .if ihn free
igitive slave law, wuicn mo pvh - -
States hold in couUmpt
labored for ten, fifteen, or twenty years,
their fortunes lb establish tbe principle of thai
parly, and bave given existenoe, power ana entr
irv to the organization that has electod Mr. Lin-
j 0iu quietly conflJe in tbe pledge be ha Ritn
tho country, to support the platform on which all
have agreed to stand. Those doctrines are clearly
expressed, aud well' understood; and il were aa
iUbUU to ask bini (o viulato (hem. No honorabla
man will do it
There is but ode rsul issue bet on Ine uspuo
bean pany and those factions who stanJ oppteJ
to it. That is tbo queslioa of slavery. There i
really no other itiuo formed. The RcpUbrTeane
aro pledged to exorl the constitutional powers of
government in f.vor of liberty ajainsl oppression
and slaver,, wheruer ,t holds ex.hiice jMctuin,
and if thoy exsrt thus, purer Iu tuslaio slavery
or the slave (fade al any Hirt. tit in ny p ace.
the, will orirtg upon tbeurst Nc. ibe sairie di.pl
ore uf lb pe-U K h W',,i' "' ren",c'1'- .
and the Ball Eeere't parlies be bruugSt lipoej
i t .
their organizations. ,
Now, Sir, I da not dju'.t jour patriotic hitetj'