Newspaper Page Text
BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
"A'O UKION WITH SLA VEHOLDEHS."
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AGENT'.
VOL. 1G. NO. 10.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1SG0.
WHOLE NO. 793.
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The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Northern Independent.
THE SECESSION MOVEMENT.
All the indications now aro that South Carolina
at least, and in till probability several other Sta!cs
will secodo vory soon peaceably if they cat:, for
cibly if tbey must. While wo havo not the slight
est regret nl such an occurrence, find only wished
it had taken place long ago, it may bo well to mark
the causes of the movement not the causes allcd
ged by the seceding States themselves, for they
know not what manner of spirit they aro of, but
the real causes, aa they aro understood by the
North and by all impartial men. Tho60 we shall
et down as follows:
1. Tim Igmu liuuo luduocd hy iJtoncSB and oritllC.
It is the nature of vice to darken tho mind, and
these slave-holding States have persisted in op
pression until a just God, in tho excreisa of bis
retributive providence, has blotted out tho light ol
their understandings. This is the common condi
tion of mind throughout all elavedom. On no
other hypothesis than that of judicially enfeebled
intellectual powers can wooccount for tbo foolish
notions current in that region. Tho people of
those unfortunato States cling to the idea that sla
very is a good, and that its abolition would be
their ruin, just as tho drunkard, dying from his
potations, clings to tho infatuated notion that li
quor is beneficial to him, and that be cannot live
Now every ono knows that this peculiar halluci
nation of the drunkard is a weakness superinduced
by his cups. Tbo sumo is truo of tbo slave-holder.
The guilty practice of slave-holding destroys the
normal condition of his mind, and causes that pe
culiar imbecility which leads him to cling to sla
very as a great blesMng, though to evetjbody but
himself it appears to be what it really is an un
mitigated curse. It is under tho influence of this
weakness, that tho slave States on every occasion
exhibit so much incnnsistaticy and recklessness.
This is the secret of thuir mob law, their sensi
tiveness, their jealousy, their timidity, ond in fact
tbctr whole social state. They aro scarcely ra sed
above savages. Tho reason is that they do not
know any moro than savnges. It is ignorance,
ebeer disgraceful ignoranco that lies at tho bottom
bf their secession schemes.
2. Another cause is tbo rebuke always adminis
tered by the presence of the free States. It is just
as true of States as of individuals, that ''ho that
doeth evil bateth tho light." South Carolina
dreads tho reproof of her crime, nnd is anxious to
retire from a confederacy in which slio cannot be
respected. States too, liko individuals, must find
their level. By association, tho slave-holding
States have been kept up in appcaraiico and made
to take rank with civilized communities, but it is
of no use, for their eavogeness will out. Those
States must relinquish slavery or yield nil preten
tious to civilization. As the inebriate must reform
or lose his character, so theso slave-holding States
must abandon slavery or bo branded with infamy.
Thieves and burglars shun tbo society of honest
men, and for tho samo reason slave States must
wish to avoid ull association with tho free State.
3. Freedom is contagious. Tho slavc-holdin;
States have trouble enough in warring upon the
Instincts of their slaves, without guarding against
the intrusion of free principles from contiguous
States. Since Provideuco has been so unkind as
not to make a race of men for Southern use, desti
tute of freedom-loving propensities, the South
must take care and not udd to its labor by remain
ing in a Union which may foster tho hurtful ten
dencies nf slave nature When out of the Union,
they will be free from ovil example, and if God
would only conform to the "peculiar institution"
and ceuae to give tho Afiican a human nature, ela
' very might be divested of its political, if net ol
Its social hcrrora.
4. But another reason for the exodus of theso j
much aggrieved communities is the fact that they
nave been spoiled by indulgence. Had not thn
value of tho Union been considered so overwhelm
ing as to swallow up all other considerations and
lead to a most unwarrantable compliance with the
whims and enpricos of slavedom, we should never
have witnessed tho present ebullition of southern
wrath. In a word, if tho freo States bad taught
the slave Statos good manners, and insisted here
tofore on a little decent behavior, these threats ol
secession would never have occurred. But tho
Worth hat always gone into spasms whea the dis-
solution of tho Union has been talked of, and we
have on this ono subject both stultified ourselves
and tho South. There was a timo just one time,
and only ono, when the Union was of great value,
but that period has long since gone by, to return
no moro. When we wevo only thirteen small colo
nies, ond had tbo most powerful nation on tho
gb;bo to battlo with, then the Union was vital.
It is nil nonsense, however, to bug tho Union as
though it were still a great life-preserving institu
tion. Union has bad its day, it is a thing of the
past, and wo nocd not mourn for it. It is a pity
wo did not understand it better, and that our
readiness to contiivo at southern villany, and take
upon ue the guilt of slavery rather than allow the
previous idol to bo marred, has spoiled those elavo
gmwing members of tho confederacy. Tbo mean
ly exacting spirit of the testy Southron is strictly
a northern product; it comos from the debasing
culture we huvo bestowed upon him.
5. Finally, secession grows out of tbo fitness
,.r ,i,;n-. .,h ; : .. ..... i..i. ,i
mnrnl nrppmiito nn thn nnrt nf tltA .-.nnfh Tirn
ucti of vastly unequal gate ono walking two
I miles and the other ten miles an hour would
hardly bo agreed to walk together for any great
i length of time. In the lace of improvement, the
sbivo Stutes cannot keep pace with tho free States.
I Virginia, onco the most powerful State in the
.ITiiinn. i ftntv nriarprlo f.mrth rnl. !n nnnul.llnn
or wealth. Slavery keeps all the States where it
exists on ti:o back ground, and will forever pie
vent their conifetiog in any other respect with
the other members of the Union. This is mortify
ing, and of itself might reasonably induce a dcBire
for FOpnratien, but this is by no means the worst
feature of the caso, as the slave States, in addition
to lagging behind are constantly engaged iu rever
sing what is done at the Narth. At the South
ihero is a persistent effort to degrade all tho labor
ing population, whilo in tho North thore is an
equally persistent effort to elevate all the laboring
population. Those contrary effatts in tbo two de
partments of tbo confederacy aro constantly neu
tralizing each other, and making it disagreeable
lor the South to remain ia political relations with
ihoNjtlh. Dissimilarity of pursuits make acces
sion extremely desirable, especially where all im
provement is considered dangerous; the slave-holder's
work is porpetually undone by proximity to
the different and overshadowing policy of tho non-slave-holder.
Wo have thus pointed out what we believo to be
all tho real causes of socessioh. That other cau
ses arc allcdged, we are aware, but tbey do not
seem to us to have much force. It is said the
South is ambitious that tbey wish to re-opan the
foreign slave-trade that they are afraid Mr. Lin
coln will imperil their interests that our personal
liberty bits cro offensive to them that tbey wish
to draw out new concessions end acquire for sla
very greater security but in our opinion nono of
il.o.-o things have much weight. Tho causes of
secession uro unpremeditated and inevitable to
slavery, they have not the nature of a deep laid
scheme; like the vices of tho drunkard, they
spring from the besotted condition of the indivi
From the New York Times.
EXTRACT OF A PRIVATE LETTER FROM
A LADY IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
K——, S. C., Saturday, Dec. 1, 1860.
Mr Dcah Uncle: It is) with different feelings
that I tit myself to pen theso Hues to you, from
those which actuated mo wheu I wroto you lust.
Then all looked bright and cheerily in the future
now, bow gloomy and porteotious, still I (er.ot-
ly 'prny God that this cup may puss away from
us.'' Tho country is nil aglow with tho fires ol
tho revolution, and euch is tho intensity of excite
uicnt that wo scarcely find time or inclination tu
talk of anything also than tho political topica of
tho day, and tho mural and social consequences di
rectly pertaining to secession. I fear that seces
sion and revolution are, with our people, foregone
conclusions ; that we have gouo so fur, retraction
and recession are impossible, and that civil war,
with all its consequent horrors, is already upon us.
shudder lor tho wives and mothers, sisters and
babes of South Carolina, as I contemplate the im
mediate future of the Slate. You need not be
surprised at any timo to tee me and the childron
in your midst, lor no argument could induce me to
rcmaiu hero un hour longer than I should bo com
pelled to, if the worst should come to the worst.
You muy imagtno, dear uncle, our situation, but
you can never rcalizo it in its fullness. Already
we tremblo in our homes in anticipation and ex
pectancy of what is liable tu burst forth at any
iiiume nt, a ueyro insurrection. Could yon see the
care and precaution displayed here by the propri
etors of tho negroes, not only planters, but others,
you would not for a moment envy ue our posses
sions. Not ft night passes that we do not secure
ly lock our field servants in their quarters; but our
most loved and talued bouse servants, vtbu in or
uinury times we woulu trust to any extent, are
wutchad and guarded against with all the scrutiny
and euro that wo possess. Our pluntors and owu
era of tlavo property uo not allow thuir servunts
have uuy iutorouumo with each other, and the
negroes aro confined strictly to the premises where
tbey belong. We are all obliged tu increase our
lurce of overseers to prevent too free intereourse
even among our own eeriauts. The negroes feel
aud notice theso new restraints, and naluially ask
Why is this ?" But it ia uneoossary fur them to
tk tho question; for they all comprehend the
cause as well as we who own them. They have
already learned enough to give them an idea ol
what is going on iu the state and nation, and this
knowledge they have nut gained from abolitionists,
some suppuso, but from the conversation of
their owners indirectly held in their presence.
They havo already heard of Lincoln's eleotion, and
have heaid also that ho is for giving them their
liberty, and you may imagine the result.
You havo heard that our servants all lure their
masters, and their master's families, aod would
down their lives for them that the colored
race in the South prefers slavery to freedom that
they would not be free if they could; etc., Ac
That is but the pottry of the cue, the rrafi'fy eon-
sists in slocping upon our arms at night in double-bolting
and barring our doors in establishing
and maintaining an efficiont patrol force in buy
ing watchdogs, and in taking turns in watching
our sleeping children, to guard them and ourselves
from tho vengeance of these same "loving ser
vants" a vengeanco which, though now smoul
dering, is liable to burst out at any momonr, to
overwhelm the state in spite of the Palmetto flags
or state precautions.
You at the North aro not tho only onca who aro
suffering Bnanciully by this new panic The
plant s-nong us are really suffering from the
depreciation of thoir property. Already negroes
are not worth half price. No one dares to buy a
servant, fearing lest he, in doing so, should bo in
troducing upon his plantation one tinctured with
tho idea of freedom.
My husband has but a few servants I believe
but thirty-one all told still I feel (and so does he)
that they are thirty-one too many in such times as
those. Ho would soli them immediately if it were
possible, but the truth is, he could realise nothing
for them at present, or at most, not over half their
real value. S'aves are a drug in the market my
husband soys, and you know him well enough to
judge of hia judgment in euch matters.
Now, one word as to the military force of the
State, to protect us against an insurrection. I
presume, with tho exception of Charleston, and
poi haps a fow large towns, that the remainder o(
tho Siute is situated very much aa we are here ;
and I will give you an idea of bow woll prepared
we are to resist a mob. Upon our place of about
1,200 acrea we have: Of white malee husband,
two ovorsoers and my son of 18 years total
four; fomalea solf aud cousin, little Lucy and
one of the overseers' wile four ; of whom ouly
four at the most aro capablo of boaring arms to
offset which wo have at least seventeen field hands,
sturdy young negroes, besides the fcmuli servants.
Acd this is a fair representation of the force upon
our plantations. Considering euch a state of facts,
do you blame me for desiring to absent myself, my
buBband and children, from tiio State?
Tub New York Times, which takes the ground
distinctly, and argues it ably, that a State has no
right to secede from the Union, tbusfruukly states
the effect of the doetrine :
'Tt is become clearly apparent that if any one or
several States of this Union, by the Unanimous
vote) of their peoplo, desire to secede from the
Union, we believe there are few who woild insist
nn holding them as conquered provinoes. Tho-e
would, in that case, cease to ba a union of equal
States, and in its place we should have a oonioli
dated Government, resting on forco for its main-
The conclusion of the Times can neither be dia-
puted nor doubtod. We respectfully ask them, if
it ia probable our fathers, io forming this Union,
intended fcy tho Constitution to authorizo ony such
proceduro as would destroy the equality of the
States, and institute instead a consolidated govern
ment, resting on forco for its maintainance. Tbev
say, just as the Timet now sees, ond as any person
eeo, that it would be no moro fatal to tho Un
ion, to permit a Stato to go in peace; if it was so
determined, than to retain it by forco ; und hence
they mado no provision on the subjoct, truatiri"
tho permanonco of tho Union, to the perpetual
foree of the samo principloa, which brought the
Union together. No State was obliged to cornel
into the Union. Tho inducomont of self-intorest
was prcsckted to them to enter, one! it was calcu
lated with confidence that tho samo motives which
brought them there, would koep them. Cut if the
bond fail ; if a condition of things arises which
makes it no lunger the interest of a State to remain
the Union, we must either let it go, or we must
destroy the Hi ton, erect a federal despotism in its
steaa, ana oy mat means conquer mo stato and
compel it as a subjugated province to pay tribute
and remain. We defy the acutest philosopher to
discover any other result of tho doctrine which
demands that a State should be conquered to re
main in tbo Union.
In all the discussions of this question in tbo
negative, none lhat we nave seen meet the real I
point at issue. Tlcy are conclusive of the difficul-1 in
and evils of secession, but the deduction, that :
because of theee difficulties and evils a Stato has I run
the right of sovereignty or secession, is scarce-'
sound, in our judgment. It is most true 1
that the Constitution requires the President to en-
force the laws in and upon all the States of tho 1
Union, but tbe deduction that because of this au- diet
tboritv he is required to oouipe! a State to remain and.
the Union for tbe purpose of enforcing the laws of
it, ia unwarranted. Wo are told that a State I
cannot scoedo because of tbo practicol difficulties
hat beset secession. Very good. These practical '
ifficulties occasioning almost if not quito, an im
possibility of secession, only go to provo that com
pulsion is nut necessary to compel a Stato to re-! civil
main in the Union, and was probably never in
tended. It has doubtless been noticed that South
Carolina ran against a snag in her disunion pro
gress, tho nTotiiont she began to disouss the ques
tion ol ''ways and moaus." And so it will ever be.
Tbe President must and will enforce tbe laws
upon every State in the Union, and we apprehend
State seeking ibe way out of the Union, will
difficulties, if not impossibilities, in iis peib,
more potent than any coercive measures to resruiu
desires, Wincomin Free Democrat.
A CALL TO ARMY AND NAVY
behalf of the people of the Stato of South Car
we would this day call upon o ich and ull of
sons, who are uow engaged in military service
the Government of tbe Uuited States, to re
nounce at once the sword and rations of the vul
oppressor, and to hasten at once tu the homes
gave" tbem birth, for the proteotion of tbeir
naVive toil, the preservation of the icstilutiont of
State, and the maintenance of the liberty of
freemen, bequeathed them by their fathera.
South Carolina waott ber toldiert around her
I at mottior loon io oar sont to proteoi ner
from outrage. Shall slio look in vain f Sai
wants, now, military skill and science, to direct
tho coutoge and energies of her peiple. Slit
looks to her army ani navy officers to supply that
want. Let ihctn return homo ut once, without nnv
ncaiiniion whatever, ilicv need Imvo no more
doubt or buuth (.uraliua s going out ol tho Union
of thi world's turning round. Every man
goea ts thn Convention will bo a pledged man
pledged for immediate separate Stato e?ceaiun,
in any event whatever. Once out of tho Union,
nothing but conquest will bring her back. She is
resolved-sick of tho Union-di-gusted with it up-'
on any terms that are within tho range of tbe
Iler sons, howovcr, will bo taken care of what-.
ever the result of her secession for thai is a fixed
fuct. Let them not hesitate ; but rather let their,
promptitudo bespeak tbo amount of their devotion
to their nativo State. Churlcslon Mercury,
From the St. Louis (Ma.) Democrat.
THE FREE-SOIL REVOLUTION IN MISSOURI
OF A PRO-SLAVERY ORACLEBMANCIPATION
perpetuity, or, rather, the
I-. ..ni;K... . e ,
iJ.i6-viiii uaicicucu, or slavery in tins state;
but fewer still havo hud the bolduoss to announce
Few believe in the
that the Work of redemption and regeneration
caii bo ectouiplisbed in tluoo or lour years. We
find, however that the hopes of tho emancipation
ists of Missouri are more than justified by the an
ticipations of the pro-slavery party. Tho follow
ing, from yesterday's Jlulldin, will cxplaiu our
"Lot us, thon, maintain a position ol Btrict and
pertect nouir.ility. ihatiathe obvioua poliey ol
Missouri. ' Iler position is an cxtiemely fortunate
one. An abohtiuu administration can du her no
harm, not inflict uny diigraco upon her. If tl,u
Union lasts, the can aud will speedily emancipate
her slaves, take her placo among tho dominant
non-sl.iveholding States, and march rapidly on
ward iu Ue road to aumbcrs, wealth ami power.
Tho transition from her present position as a
slavcholding Stall to that of a freo Stale, would
be as easy as it is ceriuio. Tho abolitionists bad,
at the late eleotions, over 17,000 voters in tho Stato
n footing in every county. That number has
increased two fold by tbo rosult of tbo election,
and Charlea Sumner could got 35,000 votoe iu tho
State of Missouri to-morrow. If the South sub
mits, tbe number of anti-slavery men will bo im
mensely increased by tbe accession of timid onti-
Ulavery .Trfotiand of tho4 who are tin willing for
Missouri to be one of the vassal States. If the
Union lasts through Lincoln's administration,
Missouri will vote for an abolitionist in 16C4, aud
bo a loading anti-slavery State in tho Union."
We need hardly remark that tho Bulletin is tbo
leading Breckinridge organ in tho Slate, enjoying
the full confidence of the party for which it speaks.
It has at List become apparent to all men, that the
fall of slavery here is not only certain, but imme
diate. The sagacity pi tho lhtlUtin in recognizing
the fact, and its candor in avowing it, cannot be
too much applauded. If ever the shining of the
daylight of truth was demanded, it is de
manded now. Tbo charlatanism which eo long
dominated in tho councils of the democratic party
has excited universal disgust, und fallen into uni
versul contempt. Men will nu longer tolcrato im
postures and frauds in political lifo, which tbey
pronounce dishonest and disgraceful when viewed
other relations. Plain speaking is among the
wants of tho times; and tho JUulletiii, in si tting
th.it Sanstor Sumner would receivo oj.OOO votes
in Missouri, nnd that if the Union lasts,
the Stats will havo obliterated the last vestige of
slavery from her soil in tho next four years, seta un
example, iu ibis respect, tu tue rest ot tho pro-
slavery press of tho Slate well worthy of imita-
But suppose the Union should not last, would
same chango take Jdaoo would slavery ceoso
exist in Missouri f We answer, the cscut
would be equally certain nnd much more suddon.
disruption of the Union on tho lino dividing
Slave States from the Freo States, would in
volvo the immediate abolition of slavery, at leutt
Missouri. The attempt to dissolve the Union
would produce civil war. Civil war would soon
into the moat malignant types of social and :
serv. la war the war of class against class, citv '1
against city, diatrict against district, and neighbor-1
bood against neighborhood. Tho burder Slavo j
States would bo thethcatre of the complicated cou
it the sectional line should be tbe dividing Hue;
whatever tbo issue uiielil be. the destruction
slaves ia these States would Le inevitable
The dissolution of tbe Union would bo tho nioBt j
summary procese that could bo invented for ,mr. I
rowing the aroa ol the slavo soil. Let us forco
ourselves to contenipluto the picture which Mis
souri, fur instance, would presont in tho event ot
mild klarm manv uf the 1.br .Ui-hl,c i... in
wuuld soon gather up tbe;r household goods and
emigrate to Arkansas and Texas. Olhers of the !
war. Tbo first muttoriuga cf tho storm !
class, also taking time by tbe forelock, would
precipitate their slaves on a Southern market,
where their money value would be merely noaii.
for there wuuld be nu disposition on the part
Southern capitalists tu invest iu that epecies of
property while the country was whirling iu the
vortex uf revolution. As the drama progressed,
should witness an exodos of the slaves, iu
separate columns, into Ibe three adjoining
States. In short, tho hurricane would sweep
State bare of the African raoo. The regen
of Missouri, then, is certaiu, whutevcr
be the fate of the Union. We are not un
mindful uf the coosequoi.ee that would follow tho
restoration of the slave trade with Africa tbe
panacea ol the Disuniouista fur ail the ids
body politic is heir to but the moral sense of
civilized nations has so interdicted it, that its
restoration is impossible. Besides, it is to be no
ticed that, although tbe border slave States might
'educed a' second time to the cundition in
tboy now aro, through the instrumentality
that acourted traffic (assuming tbe practicabili
ty of t restoration,) slavery, at it exists' in these
States, would, ncvcrthclcaa bo prosiously doatoyed
by tho shock of revolution. The lorty million
dollars worth of that kind of properly, which it
estimated tho Stato possesses, would bo offered
a holocaust on tbo altar fires cf revolution, nnd as
tho initiatory sacrifice. When the emoke of battlo
( had cleared owuy, it would bo found that the no
than grocs had vanished in tho darkness, like a Ligh
tbat land clan in a mist. Therefore, if Missouri is
'coruin to bo on anti-slavery Stato in lour years,
: if the Union lasts, she is cquallv certain to bo an
anti-slavery Suite in less than half tho time, if the
Union doc- not last. The emanciyutioniata are
rqual to cither fortune, but with all their dotesta
widest j ,iuu of Uavcry, and lovo for free labor, they would
forego tho latter, uud boar with the former for an
' indefinite period, rather than climb on tho ruins
of the Union to the attainment of thoir purposes,
, The factiuo for which tho llulktin sooaka would
destroy the Uuion tu perpetuate slavery.
POLITICS AND PRESBYTERIANISM.
Tho Prcsbjtcriun Synod of South Carolina, ns
will bo seen by the following report of a Commit
teo which that body ado'jted, after denouncing
"political iutcruicddlini! bv nrofossed minintnra r,r
tt.n :,,,,! ;,i. .... i i.i.
I r " .-"iui.-i uuuik iiurouuess turns in
to give secession a lift, calls upon the peoplo of tho
Stato to imitate their revolutionary fathers, and
pronounces its bcoejietion upon them for so doing
"Ibis Synod is ono of thirty-three, which coui
peso tho Old School Presbyterian Churoh in this
country. From our brethren of tho whole church.
auuually aseiiiblcd, we have received nothing but
.J1""'00 ""J courtesy. The act of ISlS was adopted
liy ttio uuth of that day as well es by tbe North,
aud has bince been virtually rescinded.
'Our General Arf-mbly in 1S-15, r.t Cincinnati,
took action nitli alurjst cnliro unanimity, which
bus been acceptable to tho South, inasmuch as it
declared that they had nu authority to make any
laws on tho sulject of Slavery, not found in the
Word of G. and which has resulted in a harmo
ny of our whe o chutc'j on this subject, unbrokeu
iu tho least decree, to tho preset.! time.
"It is sot for us, to inaugurate as a Synod, ony
movement toward a separation from the Northern
btanch of our church. This is not tbe time for
such n movement, which would be io advance of
the tction of tho ettito. Nor aro wc tho proper
body to take such a step. It can only bogin in
the Church Sessions, where Presbyterian sover
eignty lies, aud must issue forth through the
With regard tj tbe political duties of our chur
ches as composed of citizens of this Commonwealth,
.1... o i ..r ry i- . ....
mo ojuuu ui ;uui!i varoiinn is not cai.oa open as
a Synod, oven in the presont extremity, to give
advice or instruction. Political intermeddling by
professed ministers of the Gospel, and especially
of bodies of professed ministers, has been fraught
with ovil for many years to our country, and has
contributed, perhaps, more thau any other cause
to bring tho country to its present condition. This
synod, composed of ministers and ruling cldors,
would not now bo found imitating tho bad example
so often set us by ecclesiastical bodies at lha North.
But there is now a gravo solemn question before
tin peoplo of this state, uffecting its very lifo and
being ad a st-tc, and that question, of course, has
its religious aspects and relations, upon which this
body is perfectly competent to speak, and if its
dclivcrunco thcrcforo should havo a political beat
ing, that is a result for which we cannot be held
"There is involved, at this immcdiuto juncture,
a duty to God who gave us our rights a duty to
our aucosturs, whoso blood and sufferings procur
ed them for us a duty to our children, whose pre
cious inheritance we may not waste nor defile
and a duty tu cur very tlavos whom men that
know them not, nor care for them as wo do, would
take from our protection. Tho synod has no hosi
ution, therefore, in cxtrersirg the belief that the
people of South Carolina aro now solemnly called
on to imitate their Kevolutionary forefathers, and
stand up for their rights. Wo have an humble
and abiding confidence, thnt that God, whose truth
wc represent in this conflict, will bo with us, and
exhorting our Churches and people tu put their
trust in God, and go forward in tbo solemn path of
Ju,y which bis Providenco opens before tbem, we.
Ministers and Elders of the Presbyterian Church
ln South Carolina ynod assembled, would give
lllcm oup benediction, and tho assurance that we
shall fervently and unceasingly implore for thorn
Some or Mr. Blcuanan's reinarke in private
conversation upon hia duty to collect the revenue
at the port of Charleston, having beeu telegraph-
CtJ to ttio Ltiartoston aiarcury, mat paper says:
tho care and protection of Almighty God."
"Wo certainly deprecate war with the Northern
peoplo through tho General Government; but Mr
any form, to coerce South Carolina into suhtuis-
sion to a goveruineut she has thrown off, will be
considered war. IIo may call it by what name he
Buchanan may be assured that tbo first attempt,
pleases, but tho sword will be tho fiual end only
arbiter bctweon us. All hopes (if ho has any) of a
readjustment of the relations between the two
sections of tho Union under one government, will
havo ended, and ended furover.
"But if be chooses to begin tbe game of blood
shedding, wo shall nut decline it, fur we know as
well us he docs that it will 'drag the other States
into tho movement of dissolution.' while the
Banks of the north are crashing around him,
and bankruptcy sits in theCupitol, tbe sword will
a fitting accompainment to the villainies and
tyrannies which huvo produced the prosout calam
itous stato of things. Wo are ready."
From the Charleston Courier.
THE LAST MESSAGE.
"In reading the last annual Message of a Pres
ident of the United States to Congress, we cannot
forboar tho expression uf our sympathy with him,
tbe head of a great Goveroiueut dissolving un
der his administration. Cuutei bejond hit oon
trol, have driven the thip of State amidst the
breakers, which aro now shaking her to pieces.
Wo sincerely believe that he has earnestly and
truly done his best to avert the catastrophe of
dissolution of the Union. He has failed, .where
we believe no man could have suceeded. All he
can da now, as a magistrate and a citizen, is (4
mate the dissolotion of the Union peasekble'.
VISIT TO LINCOLN.
A Southern Planter VUit Lincoln. tincofn't
Vvhcy as Defined ly limtelf.K wealthy planter of
Mississippi, a native of Maury county, (Tenn.) and
a Breckinridge Democrat passed through this city
on Saturday last, and related to a gentleman of one
of the upper counties, whom we know to ba
entirely reliable, the following. We take the liber
ty of giving tbe facts elicited publicity because ft
This planter desired to parobaso an additional
supply cf negroes to pick his presont crop of out
ton, but feared to do su on account of the great
depreciation in their value and tho alarming ex
oitcment which pervaded the South. In order ti
ascertain from his owe lips Mr. Lincoln's policy,
he visited him at bis residence, in Sprinefiold.
Mr. Lincoln informed him that he was opposed t?
any interference with slavery in tbe States, or
with the inter-State slave trade ; that he was op
posed to abolishing or interfering with elavory in
the District of Columbia ; and that he was only
opposed to its extontion io the Territories, but add
ed "that was only an opinion of bis." Ha was
asked what would he do in the event that South'
Carolina seceded from the Union T He replied
ill at ho would let her go if Congress did not past
v "forco bill." He stated that if no one would
accept office in that State of course they could re
caivo no benefit from tbe Government, and tho
whole expense for the distribution of the mails
would devolve on ber own citizens. He concluded
by advising the Mississippian to purchase as many
uegrocs as ho needed ; and expressed tbe opinion
that, in twelve months, slave property would be
worth more than it ever was.
Upon these assurances the gentleman was, on
Saturday, making his way to Virginia to purchase
moro negroes. He says that Lincoln is a man of
profound acquirements, and that he doubts not
will make as good if not better President than Mr,
Buchanan hat done. Chattanooga Gazette.
HALE AND IVERSON.
Tbe following speeches fairly represent the two,
extremes ot opinions ln tbe National Legislator
in relation to Secession; the majority of mombsrs
seem, however, to be more ready to patch up diff
erences by a compromise,
MR. HALE ON THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE AND
Mr. Halo of New Hampshire, addressed tot)
Senate on the President's Message, particularly
that part of it which relates to tbe secession ques
tion. Mr. Hale said : I have read tbe Message,
somewhat carefully, and if I understand it, and I
think I do, it ia this: First That South. Caroli
na has just cause for Beceding. Second That
abe has no right to secede. Third That ,
have no right to prevent her from seceding! That
is tbo amount of tbe Message, substantially.
Then tbe President goea on to represent this, at t
great and powerful country, and that no state hat
a right to secede from it; that all tho power of the
country, if I understand tbe President, consists in
what Dickons makos the English constitution con
sistthe power to do nothing. Now, air, I .think"
it incumbent on tbe President of the United Slatet
to have pointed out and recommended to Congrett
some rule, and to have told us what he recommen
ded ut to do. But, in my judgment, be bat en
tirely avoided this. He has failod to look the
thing in tbe face. IIo has acted like the oetrbb
bid hia head, and thereby thought to escape the
danger. The only way to escape tbe daogeria to
look it in the face; and I think the country did ex
pect from tbe President some exposition of deci
ded policy. I confess, for one, I was rather indiC
erent as to what that policy would be; but I did
hope it would be decisive. But he bat utterly
failed in that respect, I think that the tlatt of
things in this country looks tu one of two things I
looks to absolute submission, not on the part ot
southern states, but on tbe part of the, f?orth,' to
an abandonment of thoir position; it lookt to
surrender of that, popular sentiment which bat
been uttered through the constituted forms of tba
ballot-box; or it lookt to open war. That it what
louks tu, and we need not shut our eyes to tbe
fact. It means war to the state which bat pot
herself in an attitude of secession, and she lookt
upon it so, and asks no counsel. She hat consid
ered it so, and bat armed herself. If I underitacd
things, it locks to that and nothing else.
Mr. Hale said that tbo resignation of the Prtsl.
dent and Vice-President sleet bad been suggested,
but he did not regard that proceeding at expe
dient, nor would it be likely to sottle tbe questioa
issue. He added, that while he bad no destrt)
add to tho existing feeling of bitterness, he de-
tired tu luck tbe difficulty iu faco to see where we
are. IIo continued ; .
"What- is the issue that is presented, hut that
tho constitutional will of the public opinion, ex-
! T Ml .
pressed by tue terms tt itie constitution, win nos
eubmit'ed toT And if war is the alternative, ltt
come iu any form or in any shape. The Union
dissolved, .and it cannot beheld together at a
Luion if that it the alternative upon which
we go into an election. . 11 it it pronounced and
determined that Ibt vote of the majority expressed
through the regular cmstituted lot ma of the con
stitution will not ba submitted to, then, sir, thit ie
nut a Union of equals. It it a Union of a dicta
oligarchy on tbe ooo tide and a beard of a lav St
cowan s on the other. That it it nothing
or lest. And ibis it not a Union ot equate.
tbie discussion it proceed ad with I shall take
ocoasion to address myself to that phrase of Ike'
controversy which it to cunstantly, periavtm'rigly
and continually held cp, that the Northern" Statea'
are the aggreaaore. We have a eel of pretttt and
polilieiant among aYwV0 have perverted the f o.W