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l III I HI
'BENJAMIN 3. JONES, EDITOR.
uNO UXIOX WITH SLA VEIIOLDERS"
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AGENT:
VOL. 10. NO. 30.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, tiAlldll 0, ISUl.
WHOLE NO. 804;
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3. HUDSON, FRINTER.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Mr. Jones: The Princeton Review brings Mr,
Madison to testily against the reserved right of se
The Review makes Mr. Madison say: "Our Con
stitution," enjs Mr. Madison, "is neither a con
solidated government, nor a confederated govern
ment, but a mixturo of both." This extract from
the Review, its Editor, Dr. Hodge does not mark
as a quotation from Mr. Madison; and I doubt, for
two reasons, bis tanity if he ever said 80. First,
because it is not true the Federal Constitution
nut being a government of any kind, but the more
power of attorney constituting a government.
Hecond. because Mr. Madison, in his "Report" on
the Virginia resolutions of 1708, shows thut he
well understood the difference between Constitu
tions and Governments, when he said that "l'be
authority of Constitutions over government, and of
the sovereignly of the people over Constitutions,
are truths which are at all timos necessary to be
kept in mind." If this theory le true, and it
unquestionably is true, then the people of a State
are a sovereign over both the Federal Constitution,
eo far as it relates to them, as they ure over their
Dr. Hodge thus continues to quote Mr. Madison,
marking the extracts as quotations:
"It was not formed, he continues, by the gov
ernment of the component States, m the Federal
Government, for which it was substituted." What
did Mr. Madison mean by tbo pronoun "It?" It
be meant the Federal Constitution, then it is clear
that this Constitution was not substituted for "the
Federal Government," but for the Articles of Coo
federation. No other view of Ibis quotation will
make sense, and certainly it is no argument
against secession. "Nor was it formed by a ma
jority of the people of the United States, as a sin
gle community, in the manner of a consolodated
Here again, Dr. flodge makes Mr. Madison use
the words and "government," to vaguely as
to be incomprehensible, and consequently, it is no
proof (.gainst secession.
Dr. Hodge thus continues his quotations.
"It was formed by the States; that is by the
people in each of the United, aoling in their highest
sovereign capacity, and formed consequently by
the same authority which formed the Slate Consti
tutions. Being thus derived from the same source
as the Constitutions of the Statest it has within
each State, the same authority as the Constitution
of the State, and is as much a constitution in the
atriot sense of the term, within its prescribed
sphere as the Constitutions of the States are with
in their respective spheres; but with this obvious
and essential difference, tbat being a compact
among the Slates in their highest sovereign cap
eity, and constituting '.be people thereof one peo
ple for certain purposes, it cannot be altered or
annulled at the will of the States individually, as
the constitution of a Slate may be at its individual
This last extract from Mr. Madison, as given by
Dr. nodge, unequivocally maintains the absolute
sovereignty of the States, and tbat the "Federal
Constitution" ie "a oompact among the Stales in
tbeir highest sovereign capacity."
' If Ibis be true, then each State, acting in its
highest sovereign oapaoity, though it, of course
cannot alter the Constitution, for itself as its co-
States, eao, by virtue of this clearly conceded sov
ereignty, annul" the Federal Constitution for
itself, and "at its individual will," just t right
fully as it can "annul" the Slate Constitution.
The assertion that the Federal Constitution "con
gtituted the people of the States one people for cer
tain purposes," is not true, unless the States
merged tbeir separate sovereignty into one
eonsoladaled State. The reader will bear
in mind tbat Mr. Madison in this extraot
unequivocally maintains the absolute sovereignty
of the States. On lb:t fact the whole controversy
tame. If the Slate are sovereign they have the
right to secede. If they are not sovereign seces
sion ie revolution, if not rebellion.
. Dr. Hodge quotes: "The letter of Mr. Madison
Quoted by Amos Kendall, E.n , in the Washington
Star." This letter, I presume, is Madison's letter
to Incersol. on South Carolina Nullification. The
volume containing this letter, and others from Mr,
Madison about the same time, i loaned, to far
froin home, that I cannot get it lor reference in
lime for this number, and must therofote oonfino
my remarks to tbo extraots given by Dr. Hodge.
The whole of this loitor should be read in order
to see how utterly Mr. Mndisoo of 1832-3, fuils to
refute Mr. Madison of 1708-9.
Let us see what be said in his "Report" on the
Virginia Resolutions of 1790. The "Report" says;
"It appears to your Committoe to be a plain
principle, lounueu in cuminun vuiibv, iuuoubivu uj
' . i .-i ' ... , .f!
...! '.U.. ...... A I..
. . . i. v. j . ,
compacts that where resort can be bad to no tn-
bubal superior to the authority of the parties, the
parties themselves most be the rightful judges, in
the last rosoit, whether the bargain made has been
pursued or violated. The Constitution of the Uni
ted States was formed by the sanction of the States
givon by each in its sovereign capacity. The
States, then, being the parties to the constitutional
compact, and in their sovereign capacity, it follows
of necersity that there can bo no tribunal above
their authority, to decide, in the last resort, whe
ther the compact made by them be violutod; and
consequently, that as the parties to it, they must
decide, in the last resort, such questions as
mui Is of sufficieid magnitude to require ihei
This languogo is too plain to bo misunderstood
or misconstrued. If tbo States, as parties to the
compact, have the right to "decide such questions
as may be of sufficient magnitude to require their
interpretation," then it is clear that each State
for itself, is the rightful judge "whether the com
pact has," or has not, "been violated. This right,
it is true, is liublo to abuse. A State may decide
the compact to bo violated," by the Fedoral Gov
ernment, when no violation has been made. On
the Utter hand, if we adopt tbo old Federal, theo
ry" that : "The supreme court is the filial judge,
in the last resort, of the powers which it, and its
co-Departments, may exercise," the evil will be
infinitely more dangerous, because this places tho
Federal Government, tbo nicro creature of the
States, above both Constitutions and people.
Dr. Hodge next quotes the Richmond Enquirer,
a follows :
No man, no association of one State or set ol
S;ates, has u right to withdraw from the Union cl
its own account. The majority
of tho States which formed the Union must con
sent to tho withdrawal of any one branch of it.
Until that consent has bsen obtained, any attempt
to dissolve the Union, and to distract the efficien
cy of its constitutional laws is treason." Tbis ar
gument of "Father Ritchey" is a sheer fallacy.
If South Carolina, as one party to the Federal
Compact, bad not ' the resetted right" to secede
from her tbiriy-lwo oo-States, then, it is equally
true, that the thirty-two co-States bad no right to
seeede from South Carolina. Hence the argument
of the "Richmond Enquirer" that; "Tho majority
of the Slates" can authorize ' the withdrawal of
any one branch of it (the Union)," is utterly de
molished. One more quotation from Dr. Hodge, Ho soys :
' It is only a few days since we heard a sluvchold
ing minister say that bis ol.urch would as certain
ly dicipline a man fur selling a husband away
from his wife, as for druokonuces." 1 leave your
readers to make their own comments on this high
ly encouraging feature of "church dicipline."
I may in euotber number recapitulate the argu
ments advanced in these essays, or, perhaps, con
tinue them il the incoming administration tukes a
stand in favor of coercion.
In the mean time let me suggest to those, who
believe in, either the right, or the duty, of the free,
to separate from the slave Stutes, the neoessity of
promptly holding a Convention to deliberate upon
this vital question ; and to earnestly invite to such
convention every man and every woman, who be
lieves that a peaceable separation of these con
federate States would be more in harmony with
the genius of our institutions, and the spirit ol
Christianity, than to perpetuate this guilty Uoion
by a furtbur, and continued, "compromise" with
iniquity, or lopin it together with one hundred thou
sand bayonets, in the hands oj a ttanding army of
B. G. WRIGHT.
RURAL Ills. Feb. 22nd 1861.
From the New York Evening Post.
SECRET HISTORY OF THE AFRICAN
To the Editors of tbe Evening Post :
The last time I saw you, you expressed some
desire to become acquainted with tbe tecret bit to
ry of tbe Slave Trade, as it is carried on between
the coast of Africa and the island of Cuba in
American ships. I will endeavor to satisfy your
An organized company exists in tbe oily of Ha
vana, with a capital of $1,000,000, whose sole bu
siness it is to import negroes into the Island
Cuba. Nine-tenths of the slaves imported are
brought in vessels owued by tbis company, at the
bead of which is a Spaniard well known in that
city a large merchant who conducts all ite af
fairs. His manner of proceeding is this: He
writes to bis correspondent in New York lo pur
chase a vessel and prooure a master. This cor
respondent is probably Mr. , a naturalized
citizen of tbe United States, who plaoet the busi
ness in tbe bands of Mr., a "facile" ship
broker. This last gontleman obtains the vessel
not too large or too expensive, in order to divide
the risk of capturo among several with tbe same
amount of capital employed! And, with as little
difficulty, be prooures a captain; indeed, to well
established it tbit business and so well under
stood, that even tbe United States Marshals might
see, if it were not unfortunately true tbat there
are those to 'blind tbat they will not tee.'
Tbe thip bought for cash, the ownership
tworn to, in order lo get a regitter, by tbit natu
ralized oilixen and his captain. Tbe next thing
to load and clear ber from Ibe Custom-house. Not
many months ago tbis was an easy matter. Tbe
American bark "Wildfire," since eaptured wilb
500 negroet oa board, wat loaded in broad day
light with a regular slave cargo, at a pier on the
East river, and, to tie astonishment of all the
'longshoremen in tbat violnity, went to tea in tow
of a steam-tug direct for Africa. Everybody
knew it, excopt the United States Marshal. A
person told me, who I know is well versed in
these matters, that for these little "sins of omis
sion" some convenient friend, of the above-mentioned
officer was In the habit of reoeiving a check,
payablo to bearer, for $1,000.
In this way some seventy Teasels are said to
have sailed from the port of New York after ear-
.4. ft i .
goes of slaves, since the 1st of January last.
latterly, owing to a pressure of publio opinion,
. .J . , .K .
and, it is to be hoped, also, somewhat to the stings
of a guilty conscience, these Unite) States officials
have been rather more rigid in their sorutitty of
suspected vessels, and, consequently, the manner
of procedure has been changed.
CLEARANCE OF SLAVERS AT HAVANA.
i the arrival or the vessel in that port, or all re
themselves ! sponsibility in referenco to the legality of her fu-
The vessel now takes a legal cargo to Havana,
and opportunely for the prosperity of this traffic,
a recent decision of Mr. Attorney General Black,
at tho suggestion, I believe, of the American Con
sul at Havana, relieves the latter gentleman, after
The Attorney General bat decided tbat the
clearance of any American vessel from the Cus
tom houso is prima facie evidence of the legality
of tbo voyago, and, consequently, the consul need
take no further steps than the ordinary one of ex
aoting an oath from the captain that he is bound
on a logal vo)age and with a cargo in accordance
with his clearance. To those acquainted with the
government officials in Havana, ' their sympathy
with tbis trade and their natural affinity to bribery
and corruption, it need not be told bow easily such
a clearance can be obtained (i captain Informed
me that his clearance cost him six ounces 102
But this decision of Mr. Black, and this action
of our consul while it may be consistent wilb
their sympathies, and may also relieve them of
direct responsibility has not, at least as yet, bad
the effect of diminishing the traffic under tho na
tional flag; on the contrary, it has increased, and
is increasing every day. Our consul at Havana in
formed me that within the last twenty days he had
passed through his olfioe the clearances of eight
American vessels which he knew were going after
PREPARING FOR A VOYAGE.
Th.i ship having been purchased in New York,
arrived in Havana and discharged her cargo, now
proceeds to fulfil the real object of her owner. In
the first place she takes in a new cargo, whioh
consists of articles used in the purchase of the
alavaa and their subsist enoo on tba homeward trip.
viz: Barrels of bread, tierces of rice, puncheons
of rum, basins, jerked beef, tobaoco, vinegar, pow
der, to., together with lumber for tbe slave decks.
(Spocie is seldom sent out.) fNext tbe crew is ship
ped, consisting usually of men of every nation;
these men. agree to go the voyago upon terms that
are well understood so much advance (say 50
dollars.) aud one and a half dollars per man for
every negro landed in Cuba.
In addition to tbe captain, mate and second
mate, there comes on board a sallow-faced, gloomy
Spaniard, wbo ia generally Don Jose, or Don
Somebodyelso whose frequent voyages to "the
Coast" ere written in every line of his face. He
is the "sobrecarga," tbe great factotum and trans
actor of all the business of the chip, and in case of
need as when boarded by an American mau-if-
war ho hoists tho Spanish flag and is tbe Span-
After this important character comes another
man, oaUeil the "contra mccstro," or boatswain.
He is the "nigger driver," the brute wbo manages
and beats into submission tbe human cargo on its
homeward tiip; none but a Spaniard could look
or be so cruel at be is. The ship's cargo and
crew are now complete, eca Having 'cleared
from the oustom-bouse and the American consu
late, she sails out of pori some bright morning
with the American flag, tbat beautiful emblem of
liberty to the oppressed, flaanting in tbe breeze,
and speeds on a mission tbe horrors and cruelties
of whioh my pen cannot desoribe.
The outward voyago will occupy about forty
five days. How tbis is employed by the oaptain
and his inoongruous crew I am unprepared to say;
perhaps in mutual speculations on tbeir probable
gains, and guesses as to bow many "damn nig
gers" will die before they land in Cuba, each one
being worth to the meanest and vilest of tbis crew
one dollar and a. half.
AT THE CONGO.
But arrived in the river Congo, you perhaps
imagine the dark night, the tbiok jungle and tbe
tteallhy tread of the man-stealer as the neoessary
adjuncts of tbis traffic. Quite the reverse, sir; tbe
ship sails unmolested some thirty miles up the
river, and with all the bustle of a new arrival,
hauls into a pier opposite tbe "factory" and ware
bouse belonging to the Havana company, which 1
The resident comes on board, and warmly wel
comes bit old friend tbe "sobrecargo," and after
being introduced and taking "a drink" with the
captain, they adjourn on ehore to a comfortable
dinner, where, over their wine, tbey discuss tbe
prioe of rum and tbe price of niggers.
Ia tbe meanwhile, on this wharf there assembles
tbe most promiscuous orowd of men that perhaps
you ever taw, the result of oaptures by men-of-war
on tbe coast, and landed at convenient pointl, in
order tbat they may be again taken with full
oargoes, ana tout over aud over again put prize
money in tbe pocket of ber Britaonio Majesty't
naval officers. These men are tbe outcasts of all
civilization desperadoes, murderers, pirates
Chinese, Portuguese, native Africans, English,
Dutoh, devils! As our thip left Havana with
small orew to save appearaooes, a fit addition ia
made to it from these "experts" in the abominable
The next day, perhaps, a man-of-war tttamt up
tbe river for tbe bat a eoal depot opposite tbit
very warehouse and our oaptain receive! a visit
from ber, oheei fully tbowt bit regular manifest
and oloaranoe, certified by tbe American consul at
Havana, and hoists hit American flag, and tsuds
baak to the steamer a box of very ood Havana
eigart and a ease of good brandy. Theu the
steamer sails away perhaps lo watch him at sea
for there is no prize money of any slccoont lb a
vessel unless the negrees are on board 1
ffllw, however, our captain has work before
him, and he loses no time, (it is this pluck and
energy in all climates whieh makes the Yankee
shipmaster so valuable in this trade.)
He begins at fines to discbarge bit cargo into
the warehouse, and to reoeive from there empty
casks, which were puncheons of rum brought by
the preceding vessel of the company. These he
places in the hold, to be filled with water from the
river, and beside tbem he stows hit barrels of pro
visions, and over all he lays bis "slave deck" upon
temporary beams the lumber for whieh be
brought Iroai Havana with .him.
His water full, his provisions are stowed and
bis extra cooking-stove on board from the ware
house, he reports himself ready for tea and the
"subrecargo ' informs him that be bat had
chance to select a fine lot of seven hundred and
fifty rut of a thousand waiting for shipment, at a
cost, in bad rum, of fifty dollars a headl Ob, this
boasted Christian, civilized nineteenth century,
which permit, such a double-edged iniquity, the
exchange of bad rum to ignorant barbarians for
the blood and sweat of their own kith and kint
SHIPPING THE NEGROES.
The agent now sends out his spies to report the
mouth of the river all clear from cruisers, and
j with the first fair wind and ever-favoring current,
the slaves are driven on board, naked as the day
they wero born, In one promiscuous huddle of
men, women and children. The lines are cast off,
and without a word of farewell these' sobs end
daughters of Africa are carried away from their
native soil, never, under any circumstances, to see
il again never to reunite the ties that day so
rudely severed to suffer tbe horrors of the "mid
dle passage," during which at least one-third of
them must die, and tbe remainder finally doomed
to a bondage compared to which death is a blcs
slcg. All this is done Under tbe American flag, which,
in the touching pathos of our national poetry, only
"waves o'er the free."
DAY ON HOARD A SLAVER.
now imagine our ship clear of the
ooast, and with a fair wind. A description of life
on board for one day will answer for tbe voyage,
usually about th:rty-five days in longth.
Our ship is one hundred feet long and thirty
wide, and on ber deck abd under ber deck, and on
her cabin ard in her cabin, are stowed seven hun
dred Ind fifty human beings, eo cramped and
crowded that they can scarcely sit down when
Standing or staud vibes iing.
Early in tbe morning the erew lead a bose from
tbe pump, and without regard lo sex or oondition,
give each one a thorough bath, and tben proceed
to wash from the decks the accumulated filth and
excrement of tbe previous day and night. Each
negro tbsn is compelled 10 wash out hit mouth
witb vinegar this it done to prevent scurvy.
Now comes the morning meal, which consis's of a
pint of water and a quantity of boiled rice and
beans. After breakfast tbe dootor makes bis
rounds, pitches overboard tbe dead and dying, and
administers medicine to such as are not beyond
tbe hope of recovery. The principle diseases with
whioh tbey have to contend are dysentery and
ophthalmia, both of which are generally fatal, and
both owing to oonfined space and foul atmosphere.
During the day tbe "contra maestro" goes about
among them with bis whip ; cows down the bold
est, and silenoes the noisiest with bis meroiless
lush, and sometimes selects the weakest, takes
tbem to the least orowded space and makes them
dance to tbe tune of bis cowhide to tostore circu
Dinner consists of the same, with the occasional
addition of soraps of jerked beef. There it no
change from thit food during tbe voyage; at times,
when the negroet appear despondent or weak,
they are given a little turn. At Dight they are
oompelled to lie doo, "spoon fashion" (at a
housekeeper plices her spoont in a basket); a can
vas covering is baulod over them, and it is impos
sible for tbem to change their position until tbe
But we will past over all of tbe sickening details
of a lengthened voyage, the exoilement of a chase
(when the negroes are frequently suffocated under
the batches), the frequent scantiness of water and
provisions, with the consequent frightful mortality
among the cargo and orew often tbe "wages of
sin is death" and the thousand and one barbar
ous incidents which merely to read of must awa
ken tbe liveliest feelings of our nature, but to wit
ness and participate in must eventually harden
aud degrade a man until be beoomes more brutal
than a beast.
ARRIVAL AT CUBA.
We will now suppose our ship safely arrived at
the "Key St. Philip" this is one of many of tbe
secludad rendezvous abounding on tbe coast
Cuba. Tbe Captain drops bit anchor, boists
private signal, and tbe launches, whioh have been
waiting since a certain fixed day, come off, and
with tbem a custom-house officer, probably tent
by tbe governer of the district. The negroes are
landed and sent off at once to some place where
they are exercised, washed and fattened for tbe
market. The company's agent pays off tbe erew,
giving to each man bit pro rata.
Tbe ship's anchor is raised sail ia made, bolet
are bored in the bottom and tbe old craft, foul
with crime nod full of all unoleanlineee, is started
forth upon tbe sea (o sorely sink, and thus oblite
rate from tbe record-, all evideooe of the guilt
whioh she has been an inuooent participator.
PROFITS OF THE VOYAGE.
The oaptain goes to Havana with one-half of
ship's register and a false bill of tale, wbieb
forwards to tbe New York Custom-bouse accord
ing to Jaw, and in tbe meanwhile presente himself
to bis priooinle witb the following balance-sheet
To first cost of thip $7,000
Advanet wtget 1,000
Captain's wage and venture 10,000
Supercargo and boatswain 6,000
Cost of negroet at $,(750) 87,800
200 negroes at $800 a head
ftet prott $231,500
Net f rofit, two hundied and thirty-one thousand
five hundred dollars 1 and so ends the voyage. But
at another time, and in another place, another
balance will be Struck, and it would have been
bettor then for this captain and his owner that a
mill-stone bad been hanged about their necks, end
they bad been buried in the depth of tha sea, than
to have reaped the wages of this dariinable sin;
whioh is eternal death.
Crew, $750 per man
A CONSTANT SUPPLY OF SLAVES.
First: The enormous profits which accrue lo the
trader are such as to insure a constant supply,!
unless some other than the nresent irioans are used
the additional risk of
to stop tbe trade ; so lar,
oapture by tbe increase of men-of-war around tbe
ibland of Cuba has only bad the effect of increas
ing the number of vessels engaged ; and it is a
notorious fact that more negroes have been landed
since January, 18G0, than tbo aggregate of the
proviocs five years. A moderate estimate places
the number at fifty thousand since tbe above date.
Again, tbe recaptured negro, by the cruiser of
any nation, in a humane point of view, ie infinite
ly worse ofl than if permitted to pursue his orig
inal destination. Tbis fact ia patent to those wbo
at a acquainted with tbe tubject. If taken by an
American cruifier, he it tent at a large expense to
the government of Liberie, and hie destiny is in
evitable starvation or perpetual slavery to a
strange and barbarous tribe. He might better be
landed in Arabia. If taken by a Spanish cruiser
be is turned over to the tender mercies of a sol-dier-orofseSr,
to work Upon the publio works
without pay, with scant food and DO clothing, but
ith the philanthropic title of "Emancipado"
(emancipated) he labors unceasingly under the
lash for tbe publio good, as one entirely without
Secondly : Spain atone Is responsible to the
world for the oontinaance of the slave trade. Cu
ba is at the present lime ite only market, and it is
undoubtedly true that not a negro is landed upon
that island without the knowledge of some of the
Spanish officials, if not even tbe Captain'Geoeral
himself, A large amount of the profit is expend
ed in purchasing their conowance. It would be
simply Impossible to land one cargo io ten with
out Ibe fact coming to the knowledge of tbe subor
dinates of the government. But in spite of ber
treaty obligations, and against every dictate, not
only of humanity, but of the future welfare of ber
queenly island, she continues it for ber own pres
ent selfish advantage,
The sugar orop of the island is estimated at six
hundred thousand tons, or in money, sixty million
dollars; every negro imported is an additional ton
of sugar; and at tbe late prices for tbat staple tbe
planters could buy negroos at a thousand dollars
and make sixty per cent, net profit upon his gross
outlay of capita!. It ie tbe policy of the Spanish
government to exact as much direct revenue from
her colonies as possible, and nothing but theso
large profits would enable the planter to meet
these demands of Spain. The income to Ihe gov
eminent from this island amounts to twenty mill
ion dollars per annum, or onethird of the annual
produots. It is therefor evident tbat before Spain
can stop ihe slave trade, ahe must first reduce her
taxes. ' It is not probable sbe will take a step in
this direction unless actuated by tome pressing
emergency not at present foreseen.
AMERICAN VESSELS IN THE TRADE.
Thirdly: However humiliating may bo the con
fession, the fact nevertheless is beyond questiob
tbat nine-tenths of the vessels engaged in the
slave tra.de are Amerioan. There are two reasons
for this. Tbe first it tbe vicinity of a good mar
ket for tbe purchase of obeap vessels, tbo faoility
with which they can be cleared for tbe coast, and
the equal facility with which they can escape oon-
ic'.ion if caught, owing probably to an ill-conoeal'
ed sympathy for the institution of elavery, which
seems to extend from tbe bead of our present gov
ernment to every subordinate offioer. But the
main reason why American vessels are employed
is tbe immunity which our national flog gives to
tbe combined rascality of Christendom.
Tbe diplomatic dogma that tbe flag "covert tbe
vessel" is inconsistent witb the spirit of tbe pre
sent day, It Is no longer required as a protection
for Amerioan seamen against foreign press-gangs;
it nullifies tbe intention of naval foroet in time of
peace as an international police of tbe ocean; and
f it is tbe joint duty of tbe United States witb
the rest of tbe civilized world to put an effeotual
stop to tbe slave trade, it mutt be abandoned.
SUPPRESSION OF THE TRADE.
Fourthly: The presence of large naval forces on
tbe coast of Africa bas been, comparatively, of
but little use in tbe suppression of the slate trade.
The extended line of cost (over 2.000 miles); and
the demoralizing tendency of giving prize money
for that which ought to be, simply, an act of duty
and humanity, have hitherto rather had tha effect
of increasing tba audacity of tbe trador, for be
knows pretty well wben and where to expeot the
oruiser, whose visits can at best be but periodical,
and be knows equally woll that, if empty, be is
not likely to be touched it it tbe full cargo tbe
cruiser wants; so be seizes bit opportunity, after
a visit, and la a few boure bat on board bit tlavet
tod it far away from1 tbe point of danger. Tbe
oapturet on tbe coast of Alrioa are the ex-teplion,
the general rule it logo unmolested. One half
thit foroe, forming a oordon around tbe Island
Cuba, would to effectually blockade it ea to render
a landing impossible. For tbie purpose the United
States ought to lo modify their foreign poliey at
content to a joint action with other natal powers,
and permit these powers to "visit and search"
vessels, without regard to nationality, found
these waters under luspicioutclreumitiaeet. - The
natural sensitiveness of tbe American wbo tMnrt
for his fleg unquestioned oxctusivenest from1 for
eign interference, ought surely to be somewhat
modified when he remcmbere that such interfer
ence it infinitely less disgraceful Ihatl the fact Ibat
this flag, oonseorated In all of bit association's' io
"human freedom," is, and will to, unless this plan
is adopted, made to cover tbe foulest add vilest
crime which, ia these times, any man oan oomttiit.
COMPLICITY OF FEDERAL OFFICERS.
Fifthly : Tbe eppointmeni of United State con
suls and their subordinates' td th'e Island Of Cuba
ought lo be of men whose proclivities are rstther
against than for- Slavery. Hitherto this bat not
been the case, although I would willmgly give
these gentlemen credit for tbe intention' of doltjf
their duty, yet frequently I have no doubt ibat
tbeir socret sympathy with the crime baa caused
them to be lenient witb the crimnal; I know of
a recent case where an officer sent a crew oaptursd
from n American slaver to tbe United States la
man-of-war as "distreited seamen," in iirde
"'at they rflight escape a punishment most rigut-
due them in tbe "chain-gang" of Ila'tana;
American vessels bound from Havana or any of
the potts of Cuba to the ooait of Africa are justly
lia'jle to grave sus(icion, and should be dealt Wilb!
accordingly by tbese officers, at the ittdtid of tabtj
has no trade witb Africa unless diiectly or indi
rootly oonneoted with tbe slave trade ; and yet
these vessels have been permitted to clear from
Havanna for that coast without let or hindrance,
From the Northern Independent.
PROPHECIES OF BLOOD.
Dr. Bond, of tbe Baltimore Advooate.is oil! of
patience with our northern Church papers because
tbey spurn all compromises at thit critiotl mo
ment. He says;
"Everybody here knows, that unless conoetsiooi
are made by tbe Norib, this Union will be violent'
!y broken opt and tbat thirty millions' of people
will rush into the frightful chaos of Oivil and ler
vile war. Everybody knowt that if tbe counsel
of such "peace-makers" as our Conference- paper!
prevail, the axe and the knife will find work oa ..
. . .... . - . 1 . M
rverv tbrestihold tbat tatner win oa arravev
against son, and son against father, that four
millinne of faelnlaas nnnnla. for whose sake we art
told Ood ie arming against at. will bi effeciuallf
wiped out from the face of the earth. Every bod j
knowt that amidst all this frightful strife ana
desolation, tbe kingdom of tihriift will disappear
at certainly at it wat killed out in tbe seven citief
of Asia. . Yet our editors, teoure in tbeir fJorth.3
era homes, look calmly on this prospeot, dreadful
at tba com ing deauweltea ever waloo. Jesoe wtpV
and with dry eyei, and hearts eold and bard at
steel; fold their bands in tbe face of heaven, and
like pious inquisitors in tbe smoke of an auto dM
fe, eay, 'Lord, thy will be dw! "
All our readers know Ibat tbe Dr. it neithet
braggart nor blockhead, bence, if Ibe above proph- ,
ecy it slightly ridiculous they must impute it to :
bis unfavorable surroundings, and hot to any per
sonal weakness. Tbe editor bas to eee everything
him it really appears at if tba grim inohtter wat
about to bathe tbe whole earth in blood. We eel
differently, and have not tbe least apprehension of ,
serious trouble if the integrity bf our hortbtra
men does not give out in thit trial. It may be
tbat war will happen, but to our mind there it no'
as yet any considerable probability of each an ,
event. . The South oannot fight; and tbe North .
will not. The South oannot fight at sea, tat the
bas neither ships, nor tbe means to build thip,
and ahe can at little fight on tbe Ian j fof rfiht of
men and the munitions of war. Impovetllbed,
besotted and enfeebled by its slavcholdio,' this
portion of our Union ie Utterly incapable of war ;
it can ecarcely maintain the form of government
at home in time of peace, and it would le Wholly
unable to meet an invading foe, Tbe North will
not fight, because there is nobody to fight with
her; ebe is able to manage tlavedom without rt
sorting' to bloodshed. He will have it that tba
South hat gooe into spasms to come out Only by
oonoeesion or war. If these are indeed the only
alternatives; we much prefer Ibe lattdr, at eooeet
sion would kill the tout, and war, at mosl, rJtfbld
only kill tbe body.
The Dr. sboald understand tbat concision is
impassible tbat there it nothing to cohbed'e. Hit
assertion that "four millions of he! pies j people
ill be effectually wiped out from tbe face of the
earth" ie bevocd obr capacity. Does be mean
tbat tbe South will kill all her slaves, id be revea'
gad on the North T Or does be mean that these:
four millions of people will be told io fi.iy tbe ex
penses of tbe war 7 Tbe first it too triofattrous a
supposition, aba the second is too silly tor lb
moment war oomei to prfts between the North and
tbe South, the prioe of slaves It reduces to noth
ing. There will be no longer any who will wish '
to buy. Worse than all, however, it Ihe terrible '
announcement, that amidst these commotions "tba
kingdom of Christ will disappear." We had fond- '
ly hoped tbat religion was still to bless mankind
for many years, but It stem's tbat elftveddrt?,- lo. Its
madnesi It equally at war witb Pod and man, and
intebdt to make an end of tbe Redeemer' king- '
dom. We should be very eorry for the rain ef
Christianity, and have slight misgivings whether
it will actually happen. It may be that what
parses for Christianity Id the South; the religion1 '
of slave-holders, will come to an end; and if so, the" '
world will bave great reason to rejoice. A mora1
cruel mockery, a mare ictolerabt cheat thaW
slave-holding religion; ddei riot eiitit c4j tbe es!rtb
and tue speedy aisappearance oi inn muraeroue
imposture would greatly hasten tbe millennium
Tbie It not extravagant not exaggerated io thV
least, tot the religion of the Sutb is exactly tarn'
par with its civilixation; which It a has eoenre
fe'it, and deceivet no one who know What belooga
to human sooioty.
Everywhere, and fa all things, our teinhffor
hav held fast to slavery until tbsy Lave fallen be-,
low lb most ordinary standard of eharaoter prev
a!eoifrefvilWedcommunitiee. They have cIMaf
ed, stolen, robbed and murdered, until if it dil-
oofs even to tbiok ot tbem wttkom asnaitl
ftera sjiib the most v.UaisKmo( tbe kumeo rwoev