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Pit It I
t. BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
uno union ?rrr sii teuolders."
ANS PEARSON, PUBLISHING AaENT.
VOL. 10. NO. 31.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY OHIO, SATURDAY, MARCH 1G, ISM.
WHOLE NO. 805,
THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE,
Pl'DLIBUKD XVERT SATURDAY AT SALEM, OQIDJ
By,he Executive Cummif.ee, of the Western Anti
, TERMS. $1.50 pet enuora payable in advance.
g-Oommunioaliona Intended fur insertion, to
be addressed to Benjamin S. Jones, Editor.
"Orders for the paper and letters containing
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eed to Ann Pearson, Publishing Agent, balein,
ulnmbidna 'County, Ohio.
ijy-Money carefully enveloped and direotod as
above, may bo sent by mail at our risk.
We occasionally sflnd numbers to those who
re not subscribers, but who are believed to be
interested io the dissemination of Anti-Slavery
truth, with tho hope that they will either subscribe
themselves or use their influence to extend its
olroulatioQ among their frte&ds.
' TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
One Square, (10 lines) three weeks, - $100
" " Each additional insertion, - - 25
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jgyAdvertisemonts for patent medicines, speci
fic remedies, chance to make money, Ac, neither
aolioited nor published.
j. !!rtrsow, PRINTER.
JiUff II A T AND CAP STORE
' M, R. Robinson, offers for sale at the new v '
1 HAT STORE.
a .Salem, (North side of MainStreet, four doors
East of the Farmers Bank,)
, . II A T S AND
in great variety of style and material.
Cull and examine his stock, and decide for your
elves concerning the quality of bis goods, and
the reasonableness of bis prices.
'Salem, April 7th, 1800.
- GEO. W. MANLY,
ARTIST, Schilling's Blook, Main street, Salem
" ' Ohio.
The largest and best assortment of Cases to be
fdond in this section ot Uaio.
Salem, June, I860.
WALL AND WINDOW PAPER
A large and well selected assortment, of Cheap
. . WALL AND WINDOW PAPER,
Just received at ISAAC TRESCOTT'S.
Just received by
' ' MARIUS R. ROBINSON,
At the New Hat Store, North side Main Street
Also,' a good assortment of
GAITERS, BOOTS AND SHOES.
For Ladies, Misses and Children.
Salem, Sept. 1, 18C0.
WEST AND WILSON, DOUBLE THREAD
FA MIL Y
1 SEWING MACHINE,
PRICE THIRTY DOLLARS.
ALL MACHINES WARRANTED!:
FOB SALE AT
M. R. ROBINSON'S
. 27 A T AND CAP STORE,
ilovember, 18601 November, 1800!
, & L. SCUILLIN O, of Salem, Ohio,
Are now opening their Second Largo Slot k of
-Goods tor the season, embracing every variety and
; uHntcr Ones (Soous,
CLOAKS A SLIAWLS, HOODS A BONNETS,
Ladies' Furs, in Great Variety,
Ladies' and Misses Head Dresses,
EMBROIDERIES and TRIMMINGS,
And every variety of Notions and Fancy Goods,
together witn a J uti stock oi
Staple and Domestic Dry Goods, Carpels, Ladies'
ana vnuaren s anoes, evitna, uiass, and
Queensware, Groceries, Coil on Yarns,
Carpet Chain, Cotton Baits, die.
And in faet everything the wants of winter may
demand. Sucb is our oonfidenoe in the above
Stock, that we feel satisfied we ean suit the wants
of customers, either in point of Styles, Quality,
Quantity or Price.
Thankful for past favon and soliciting ao early
call, W3 remain,
J. A L. SCHILLING.
Salem, Nov. 24, 18C0.
Just, reoeived at JACOB IIEATON'S, our
THIRD FALL A WINTER STOCK OF GOODS.
The people seem to bava found out, without
exoesa ot pumng, tuat they always got.tbe worth
of their money at
THE SALEM EXCHANGE,
Where you will find ona of tba best selected
Stock cf GOODS that was ever brought to this
LADIES' DRESS GOOD".
You will find everything in that lino, from Rich
Brocade Silk, to a "levy Delane. Call and see,
. , MENS' AND BOYS' WEAR,
Every thing that is wanted in that line, from
$20 Overeoat, to a sixpence Pocket Knife.
l- MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES,
Ladies' Cloaks, Hooped Skirts, New Fall price
Dusters, Duster Cloth, Trimmings, Hats, Bonnets,
Ribbons, Plumes, Ao., &o.
Carpets, and Carpet Chain, Leather and Buffalo
A SPLENDID LOT OF QUEENSWARE,
Glassware, Knives and Forks, Hats, and Caps,
Boots and Shoes, &o Ac
AH of whioh will ba sold on tho "Nimbi .li
v J. BEATON.
Salem, Not, 3, 1800. j
The Tract Committee of the Western Anti-Slavery
Society will furcioh the following Tracts on
application at M'Millan's Book-Store, Salem, Ohio-
Correspondence between Lvdia Maria Child and
Qovernor Wise and Mrs. Mason, of Virgiuia. pp.
28. o cants.
The New Reign of Terror in tho Slnveholding
States, for 1850 and 1800. pp. 144. 10 oents.
Daniel O'Cunnell on American Slavery; with
other Irish Testimonies, pp. 48. 5 cents.
The Right Way the Safe Way, proved by Eman
cipation in the West Indies and elsewhere. By
L.Maria Chill, pp.05. 10 cents.
Testimonies of Capt. John Brown at Harper's
Ferry, with bis address to the Court, pp. 10. 3 cle.
Tho Philosophy of the Abolition Movement.
By Weodell Phillips, pp. 47. 5 conts.
The Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave
Act: An Appeal to the Legislators of Massachu
setts. By L. Maria Child, pp. SC. 5 cents.
The IofiJolit.y of Abolitionism. By Win, Lloyd
Garrison, pp. 12. 3 cents.
Speech of John tloesaek, convicted of a Viola
tion of the Fugitive Slave Act at Chicago, Illinois,
pp. 12. 3 cents.
The Patriarchal Institution, as desoribed by
Members of its Own Family. Compiled by L.
Maria Child, pp. 55. 5 oents.
No Slave-Hunting in the Old Bay-State: An
Appeal to the Poople and Legislature of Massa
chusetts, pp. 24. 5 ceuts. .
Platform of the American Anti-Slavery Society
and its auxiliaries, pp. 3G. 3 cants.
Packages containing all of the abovo will be
furnished for 30 cents, or if sent by mail 45 cents.
The Postage on the Reign of Terror is 5 cte, on
the Right Way 3 eta, and on tho others 1 oent each.
Rcdpath's life of John Brown 'for sale as Above,
price 75 cents.
A LL THE YE Alt HOUND.
in wnrcu is incorporated
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TICKNOR A FIELDS,
155 Washington Street, Boston
BOTANIC Medicines for Sale!-
Tfli subsoriber offers for sale bar entire stock
medicines, together with all tba fixtures fo
preparing tbs same, at ker residence on kigb
street, Salem, Ohio. C. L. CIIURCH.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Toronto Globe.
THE FUGITIVE ANDERSON.
HIS EARLY LIFE AND ESCAPE FROM SLAVERY.
John Andorson was born in tbe year 1831, in
Howard county, State of Missouri. His mother
was the slave of one Burton, a carpenter, who
lived on a small faini noar Fayette. His father,
who was almost white, sorved as a stoward on
board a steamer, which sailed on tbe Missouri,
but made his escape to South America while An
derson was yet young. His mother remained
with Burton till Anderson was seven years old,
when she and her master had a quarrel. Young
Anderson was "raised" by Mrs. Burton, of whom
ho speaks highly. Ho was brought up on the
iarm, una iu prooess of time sained sucii a
knowledge of farming that he undertook its man
agement. Tobaeoo, wheat, ani corn are the priu
oipal crops in that part of Missouri, and a suffici
ent quantity of stock is kept by every farmer.
Anderson acquired great proficiency in running,
jumping, and oilier atnletio amusements usually
practised by tho Blavcs in the evening, which af
terwards ptoved of great service to him. The
slaves aro allowed a week's boliduy at Christmas,
which from Andorson's account, they seem to
spend pleasantly. During this holiday season,
tbey frequently meot in the evenings to sing azd
dance. Anderson, however, never delighted in
danoing, not thinking it proper ncaaScuieut.
Many of the slaves grew tobacco, &a., on their
own account, and iu this way some acquired suffi
cient means to purchase thoir freedom.
Anderson is a Free Will BaptUt by profession,
and was a regular attendant on the soivicos of
that denomination. He nover beard any minis
ters denouncing slavery. Any who would do so
would not be allowed to preach. When about
twenty years of age he was married by a Free
Will Baptist minister to a slave, the property of
one Brown, who resided two miles from Burton's.
Alter Mrs. Burton's death, Burton and Anderson
had a dispute, which ended in bis being sold to
one McDonald, who lived in Glasgow, thirty miles
from Fayette. Being thus separated from his wife,
Andorson was mach discontented, and from this
time be watched for an opportunity to make his
escape to Cauada, of which he had frequently
thought before. McDonald, who was a harder
task-master than Burton, to prevent Anderson
from going to see bis wife, selected one for him a
m'oDg his own slaves, but Anderson would not bo
come a party to so dishonorable an ariangemcnt.
For bis wifo he always entertained great affection.
In September, 1853, when he had been about
two months with McDonald, he mado his escape.
McDonald was at the church, investigating a case
of a slave having been whipped to death, when
Acdersoo rode off on one of his master's mules to
a bianch of the Missouri, at a point where there
was a ferry. The forryman boiug under order to
prevent all slaves who bad no passes from crosE
ing, a6ked Anderson for bis pass. Andorson re
plied that ho did not require one, but the ferryman
would not allow bid to go over. Riding back
with tho mule into tho woods, ho remained there
till evening, wLcn Lo returned to tho river. Ho
was on tho point of selzioj; a boat that was lying
on the bank, when some one appearing, he was
compelled to retreat into the woods, where he lay
till within two hours of daybreak. Ud then ven
tured once more to tho bank, nod found a skiff
without cirf, lying by the river. He supplied
himself with a piece of bark, and using this as a
PadJIe' he eot acrj8S tho stroum
He had now
, . . v : . i
for the first lime been in a boat. He then re
paired to the house of his futhor-in-law, who was
a ferryman and a barber by trade, and from bim
he obtained some refreshment. His father-in-law
being told thi.t be was on his way to Canada offer
ed Andorson a pistol, which he refused. He next
visited his wife and child, and affectionately bid
ding thorn farewell be went on his way, determin
ed to obtain his freedom, which from his youth up
be seems to have considered bis inherent birth
right. Ho bad formed tho resolve to sacrifice his
liberty only with his life.
It was about noon on the second day after his
leaving McDonald, that a man named Digges met
bim and asked bim for bis pass. When Anderson
said he bad no pass, Digges with bis slaves chased
bim, and in tbe conflict that ensued Digges was
wounded and Anderson eseaped uninjured. About
week after bis adventure with Digges, Anderson
found shelter for a night in a barr, where he met
colored boy, from whom he purchased some pro
visions. This boy told bim that bis sister bad
been sold by bis master about a week before. At
this Anderson's generous heart was moved, and
by way of retaliation be determined to run away
with one of bis horses. But while be was endea
voring to carry out bis purpose, the farmer moun
ted bis horse and pursued Andorson, who escaped
a field where the man could not reach bim.
Anderson, however, was fired at, but sustained no
damage. He usually travelled by nigbt, and got
what rest he could during the day. lie suffered
much from want of food, sometimes not tasting
any for several days,- and often be had to oontent
himself with corn, bezel nuts, pawpaws, and raw
potatoes. A dollar and a half was all tbe mosey
bad wben ba started on hi perilous journey,
and of tbis be never spent any except when com
pelled to do so by extreme hunger.
One day while resting himself by the way sido a
man on horseback rode up and attempted to cap
ture bim, but Anderson fled to a neighboring field
and found protection among the stalks of ooro.
tbe evening ba came back to tbe publio road
and observed a fire in the woods not far distant.
Imagining that some people were engaged bus
king eorn be went to tbe spot, and discovered that
the man who bad attempted to eato1! him during
the day was lying in wail. Seoiog at once that
this was one of the numerous expedients resorted
by slave pursuers, be took to flight, and after
wards carefully avoided falling into any sucb
Impelled by necessity le resort to any expedient
satisfy the oraviogs of banger, he one day en
tered farm bouie by tbe kitoben door, and Sad
ing some salt that was at hand be put it In his
pockets aad walked out, meeting nono of the in
mates. Us nclt came to a farm-yard, where be
oaptured three chickens and then repaired to the
woods that were close by. Lighting a firs be cook-,
ed two cf them, but bad scarcely finished the sec
ond whou he heard some footsteps, and naturally
thinking that tbe owner of the chickens was in
pursuit of him he made bis way out of tbe woods
with tbe other chicken in bis band as soon as pos
sible. Tbis chicken served him for two days.
Near Mississippi village ho toot with ft colored
man and gave him ten cents to buy some crackers
for him. This man, in whom Anderson placed
little confidence, after some delay brought him the
crackers, whioh he greedily dovouted. He cross-iUl)CS
ed tho Mississippi by night, using for that put"
pose a boat which he found near the river, and
keeping clear of the ferry for fear of detection. It
was now Saturday night and about two weeks
since he had left McDonald, and be had rcacbod
the free Stute of Illinois, but from the attempts
mado to capture him in this State, he was convin
ced that he was almost in as much danger there as
be had been iu Missouri.
On Sunduy night he went into the house of a
white man, an Englishman, who gave him a eood
supper and a bed. lie was prevented from slee-l
ping for some lime, having bis suspicions excited
by a gun which be saw in the room, thinking it
might be usod for. overcoming Buch subjects as
himself. As yet he repueed no confidence in any
man, and distrusted equally all he saw. Weari-
ness ot iaet overcame his terrur. and nn !n i
the morning bo found himself much refreshed.
His entertainer lout him n .mm, k. i, . I
---w. Mj nuiu uu nas
enabled to indulge in tho luxury of a shave Hav-0'
ing got breakfast, and ofter tbe good-bearted Eng-
lishman had prevailed on him to take some broa"d
and appleB in his pocket, John again set ont with
renewed strength and spirits. He soon met some
onhorsoback who asked him Tor his pass, but
he pretended to be free. Tbe men, disbelieving
him. nnrsued. hut Anrtorann ... nn .
them and made his escape to a bill, tho women
calling out as he passed. Iu the eveniog he found
himself by a small river, whero he saw a canoe
sunk. Seeing a dog some distance before him he
retreated into the woods, and struck another river.
IIj there observed a boat crossing, but being
afraid that his liberty might bo endangered if bo
attempted to pass that way, ha went back Into
the bush. Having by this time ocnsum'ed wha.t
tbo Eogliehman had given bim, and having a keen
appetite be made an attempt to capture some
ohiciceo, but was .stasircjeettSfujU ;Ua c9 .upou,
a white; man's bousikA tntAiierbicb he jenterea And
pretended be had left bis way. Here -be- got hi
breakfast and booftbtife feaf jet brd. Jrem ihp
housewife for teu cents. The farmer promised to
direct him, but when tbey were but a few yards
from tbe house, Anderson perceiving the man was
loading bim back, and seeing his sons some dis
tance before him took to flight. After two davs
ho struck a braaoh of tho Illinois river which be
crossed) and aftor proceeding some distance lie
came to a railway track with the use of which he
was acquainted, ite next came to Bloomington
whoro be obtained some provisions. He availed
himself of tbe railway truck for a short distance
north of Bloomington. Confused and bewildered
he mot a man who promised him a ride if lie would
help bim with his cow. Anderson consented to
do so and rodo with the man to a certain village
wben he was lequested to leave. After leaving
the village Anderson again enoountered him and
aceompained him, notwithstanding hid attempts
shun bim. At this man's bouse he got bis sup
per and a bed, and started early belt morning
Through some villages which bo passed every
one looked on bim as a curiosity, on account ol
his travel-Btained condition the Children running
the doors to stare at him.
In one furm-house wbiub beentsred he bad pur
chased a loaf of bread, when a man came in at
whom Anderson took fright and ran out, the house
wife af.er him, calling that be bad better pay her
the ton cents, which be did while standing by a
lence after be bad collected himself. Overtaking
some teams that were on tbe road to Rock Island,
got on one of them and teaehed that city by
daylight. Here be hired himself to a barber,
though be was quite uninstructed io the art of
shaving. Remaining in that city for two days, he
went to Chicago, tbe Aboliton Society paying bis
fare, II is pleasing to note tbe existence, so near
tbe seat of slavery, of sucb a society, always ready
assist the oppressed in asserting their freedom.
In Chicago be lived with a barber, but remain
ed there only three week;, when be left for Wind
sor, being advised by his master to do so. Dur
ing bis stay in Windsor, wbere he got employ
ment as a laboier, be wrote twioe to bis wife, but
suspected the letters were opened. A reply
was received staling that bis wife was in Detroit,
and asking bim to go over for ber. This letter
was probably penned by soma slave catcher.
Anderson submitted the matter to a friend who
told bim not to comply with tbe request, for tbeie
was likely some evil lurking under it. It was
about tbe beginning of November, 1853, when be
reaohed Windsor, bou( six weeks after be made
escape from his master in Misouri. lie work
ed as a plasterer at Hamilton and Caledonia, and
the time of his arrest by Mathews, was engag
ed making maple eugar. After being discharged
went to bimooe, wbere he was again arrested
and brought before Mathews, who thought thai
new be"had the evidenoe againat bin nicely fixed
up". Anderson says, "he never knew that there
was so much law in the world as be found io Can
ada." He ean read very little but oaonot write.
When about sixteen years of age be got a spelling
book, tbe only book be over bad while in slavery,
did uot make use of it. He ie man of great
muscular strength, and of a determined but kind
runeh, aver ready to assist all who are in diffi-
oultiet, and understanding that the saoessioo
States are bothered to find a fit name for" tbeir em
pire, respeofully seggesti Slaveownia.
From the Ashtabula Sentinel.
STATE OF THE UNION.
he thoughts and affections of the individual
j ,but mako UP tbo Dation' If lha! bartnonize, they
wil1 col)Cri5 ani 6ro, int0 an existence. If tbey
do not' non-existence is a consequence, beyond the
I rach ol inhaT Rbsi 1,uioDg Statutes, or Constitu
mcn i tion9- Tlie la,va of iife, which in this case nre the
i laws uf Union. 'irt eternal. Wo merely discover
c.;thcm and fall mto then), whero we conform to
Tho patient in consumption, or wiih cancer,
feels and acts as if bo was doomed, long lefoie be
will confess it; and though bo may profoss to be
recovering, and even think so, he actually pre
pares for death. Tbe cough and the hectic (over
do not alarm bim'; because tbey are fads, estab
lished by tho incipient dissolution of bis system.
So with this Nation. The work of dissolution has
come to exist'; and all that seem left f r up, is to
acknowledgo it. We fcsl it, soe it, hear it, and
may desire and hope to cure i', end iusriredby
that hope we may deny it. But that will not, and
not cuaDfi8 tuo w- We intuitively behave
asif wo thought there was no union of the North
and the South. The wholu North is united. We
trustfully turn to any State in it, and feel that
there is union in it. But towards the South there
is no such feeling. And what is more, we cannot
make tho feeling to exist, any more than tho poor
consumptive cac make sound lungs fur himself
by passing a resolution to declure himself well,
or enacting that his suffering breatt shall not be
convulsed by a cougb.
With thu view of tba matter what can be more
futile than compromise! aud ooncossions, to plast
er up the decaying Union. If it is dead, it will
stink on our hande, however ve may eover it up
If we would heal it. we must remove the causo of
the disease. It will then live, and its life will
i conserve it.- But wo cannot embalm it and keep
lt ,n U8e- Tbl9 government is a livm$ creature
as much na any individual with tho difforenco
that its life is a moral one. It is the embodiment
them. Wo nc.ver mate tbarn. Our best enact
ments are otly thoir expression.
That the Union with tho Cotton States is dead,
we are forced to believe. With tho border Slave
States it may exist, by virtue of the living quality
remaining, which is most sickly. It is not quite
dead. Cun wo retail it to vigor ? The old ladles
of the Peace Congress think so : and tbey bave
been preparing a poultice, which they say is of
elder burk pealed both ways ; and tbey ask Con
grcss to put it on tho pa'.ient, whore he won't feel
much. Of conrse, like most "yarbs," it will
give a deal of disc&mfoYt,'but will do no good and
not., much barm-' Saine'thirig ,else must bo done
efterthet harerexbatrsted tbeir -skill.
I v ''.'." ;i .'-' i tJV
VVuat tuat real cure is, it is eoaroeJy neoessary
for us to say. It will be what tbe experience of
tbe world bas established to bo lhe remedy, and
what common sense teaches us is such the un
qualified recognition of tbe rights of all, and tbe
protection of tboEO who are unable to protect
themselves. Wo must make a literal application
of tbe doctrines we have confessed in the Declara
tion of Independence) to tbo practice of tho gov
ernment. Nationally we must live thoie troths,
fiom a ocllivuted love of them. This will be na
tional rcgonoration of course. It will also be na
tional euro and health. It cannot be achiovol at
once, any moro than a man can put off his evils
at once. But the national heart oan be set in tbo
right direction by beginning the reform, from a
Binoere recognition of the truths indicated, and a
willingnoss to come into tbe practical observance
of tbeni. Tbis is impossible as long as tho Slave
States insist that slavery shall be perpetuated,
and Northern men will acquiesce in that demand
by adopting compromises to allow it. Our nat
ional vews have culminated in this evil of slave
ry. We might as well confess the wrong; and we
must cease the practise of it, either directly or in
directly. In the North wo must cease to abet it)
und in the South we must admit the wrong, and
agreo to reform, as rapidly as posbible. Then we
may escape the threatened death. But if we
insist that it is right, and justifiable and of tbe
spirit of Reform, ory "away with bin?) orucify
him! bis blood be upon us and our children!" des
truction and dissolution are oertain; and all that
will be lclt for us will bs to admit the fact of
hopeless disunion) as we are now almost forced
For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Mb Jones: Since writing my last number, the
late speech of C. M. Clay iu Washington city,
and that of tbe lion. S. S. Cox in Congress, bas
been sent to me by an unknown friend in Ohio,
w'u says, "That their arguments are unquestion
able; and that the position assumed by Mr. Clay,'
that tbe States are subordinate sovereignties, ut.
tererly demolishes their claim to secede fro in the
For this opinion of my Ohio friend; no d jubt
honestly entertained, it seems tc me that there is
not a particle of foundation, unless tue mere Ipse
Dixit of these opposing parly leaders, who, by
tbe by, oontradiet themselves, is lo be taken for
In faet.it is that thoughtless, if not culpable, in
dolence, which oegleots or refusse to examine for
ourselves tbe structure and aoisnce of government,
that laada men otherwise attentive to their inter
ests, to pin tbeir faith upon the sleeves of party
leadere in both Cburcb and btate.
I take it for granted, that no man oan be capa
ble of self government, who bas never made it a
pari of bis studies. From my knowledge, obtain
ed by years of observation, it seems safo to aver
that not one man, or one woman, in twenty of our
population ever made; moon less Studied oar Fed
eral or State Constitutions. For people thai un
fortunately situated, It is very little odde what a
party leader says. If Ihey bave eonfidenoe in tbe
m au, tbey necessarily follow his lead right or
Mr. Clay lajit "I deny that there is aoy polit-
ical sdveieignty as ru'dependnse in this ease'."
"Here Is a flat denial of Plate sovereignty, if tfc
ken in ccrjunotio'n with bis next assertion; nia.
ly, that "Tbists a Government, as the Constitution
says, cf we th4 people. We, th'i people, made tbe
Statoi:we, ifis piopie, made the National Gov
ernment; we, tbe people; owe allegiane, not to
the States and the National Government, but di-'
recily to the National Government." :
Mr. Clay is Inconsistent in dividing allegiance1 '
He agrees with Gen. Jacksofl that "allegiance i
due to the Federal Government," and that, OoBse-'
qnently, Virginia, not being a sovereign State eiti -.itled
to the allegiance of ber citizens, murdered
Jubn Brown, under the false preVencb that he''
committed treason. And here let me say that if
Mr. Clay is correct, he is bound, as an bddorable
man, to publicly vindicate tbs memory of John
Brown from tbe faise charge of treason, instead of
charging hiin, through the Chicago Platform, witn,
perpetrating "one of -the gravest of eiimes." '
Mr. Clay continues; "If a confliot should arise
between our duty to tbe Stato and to tbe nation,1
tbe Constitution tel'a us to whom tmr duty is duet
The Constitution is the supreme lew of tbe land;
the laws of the States to the contrary notwith
standing. Now gentlemen, we are left without '
ground for controversy, for tbe Constitution tell
us that we owe supreme allegiance to tbe Union-
tho stars and the stripes." . ' , ' '
Now kind reader look back, and see what eon'
tomptable, what contradictory, nonsense to draw
from a Washington audience, addressed ae ' gen"--llem'en,"
"Applause" loud and contiuoous ap
plause. First: "We owe allegiance lo the Natur
al Government." Second: "We owe suprcmt alle
giarice to the Union the stars and tbe stripes.'
Who ever before heard of "supreme allegianoef' "
But this is not all that Mr. Clay's keen vision,;
and prolific bruin, bas discovered or invented.'
Hoping for another round of apptuuse from en
elite Washington audience, of ''gentlemen," Mr.
Clay announces his second discovery, or invention
in the euieuoo of government, namely, that "Every
one if thesi sub.i-didate sovereignties is direotly
and incontcstably deprived of any of these pow
ers of sovereignty." : !'
Mr. Clay was not disappointed. This sublime '
announcement drew another round of vooiforoui -applause
from bis entranoed audienoe. Tbe dis--coycry
that the States are "subordinate sovereign '
ties," and that "we tbe people, owe allegiance,'
not to tbe States, but to the National Qoveromepr,
tbe Union, tbe stars and tbe stripes," induced Mr.
Clay to"thank Ood" that "if we go to battle about
this question, there is no man but ean see at onoe- .
nay, bdt ean feel to wbiob Government-to
owes bis allegiance." "Loud applause" "again
Wendat-tf -wsUiagj tbaaa uyi tat lba .HueIbvIs .
"Constructiet TreasonV Will "Lord. North" iu-i
swer I 'During his oontrdvorsy with Rev. John
O. Fee, and other "Radical Abolitionists" of
Kentucky, Mr. Clay, ("the man of oontradiotiocs'?,
as tbe "icorld we. live in" styles bim,) say.l
"I regard bim as the worst enemy of true liber-'
ty, who acquiesces in any usurpation of tbe ot.
treujn power of the Slate." What is tbe State of
Keutuuky frout which Johu G. Fee, and bit.
friends, were exiled with the approbation of Mr',,
Clay, Iu loss than one year, after thus asserting,
the "sovereignty of tbe State of Kentucky,' Alt:.
Cluy, "the man of contradictions," discovers the
new science of "supreme allegiance" and tubordi-,
Hate sovereignty," which would have ensured blid
a place in tbe cabinet cf tbe lucohiing President,,
bad not Mr. Lincoln, in bis Iudianapolis speech,,
made an improvement on Mr. Clay's now theory,,
by utterly discarding even "subordinate sovereign
ty," as no more applicable to a State than to ft
The speech of tbe Hon. S. S. Cok of Ohio, ie
as inconsistent and contradictory aa that ol Mr..
Clay. Mr. Cos sayt: "I would not exagerate tba
fearful consequences uf dissolution. It is tbe
breaking bp of a federative Union; bbt it is not
the breaking up of society. It is not auarchy." ..
Tbis ie a consoling view of secession, and.
proves tbe triumph of the great American idea,
laid down in tbe Declaration of Independence, tbs)
right tbe "inalienable right" of tbe people,,
through the peaoeful . remedy of the "BiLtot
Box," to abolish their government whenever tbey
might deem y neoessary to secure their safety au
Mr. Cox tooj that ours is a fahr'atitt Union."
Uenoe it is not a State or a Nation, bin d eoufed-'
eracy of States or Nations, according to Mr.' N.
Webster's definition, as well aa acoording to com
mon j'tiose. Takingi then, Mr. Cox's assertion.
that "dissolution hot anaroby" to be true It ie
'absurd" for bim to attempt to prove the existence -
of ''anarchi," by tbe negative position thai "No'
nation can be consigned to anarcby by some ab
surd oontrivauoe, either io the shape of personal
liberty bills or secession ordinances." ' '
Of SobtU Carolina, Mr; Cos says : ''Sbe vn
goes out by a so-calltd soveieiga Convention.''
Though tbis is not a direct denial of State eover-1
eignty, it is ominous, from tbe fact that he says';
"It is an absurdity to contend tbat States wbiob'
volontirlly surrendered such" portion1 of their" eof
ereipiiies as wire requisite for a Nations) Gov
ernment, can be equal in power te Ibal National
If Ibis be true, then the "creature formed" is,'1
contrary to tbe eternal fitness of things, greater
than the Cheatob. To prove the ''abturditg" ef
Mr. Cox's position, it is only necessary to say, I
that the Slate legislatures; if not a large majority i
of them, ean destroy bis ''powerful National Goi-:
eromeot" by refusing W fleet Senator. 1 - -
Mr. Cox eontinnesi "In America, wd have sV
National Constitution. To it we ewe and swear j
allegianfco'." Here Mr. Cux differs front Gem'
Jacksoti, who says; "that allegiance is doe to the
Federal Government." - -.1 -
Again, Mr. Cox says: "There tnoJt be tn ecery
Slat seme power, to which all otbora yield,' corny
petent to meet every emergency." Tbis assertion? '
ie unquestionably true. Ii is equally true that1 '
South Carolina was a State H the date of ber se
cession front ber oo-States; These two facts form
the premises, from which tbe conclusion neceestt.
rily follows that South Carolina, posied of tat kV'