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"NO UNION WITH SLA hnOLDSS.n
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AGENT.
' BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, AritlL 6, 1SG1.
WHOLE NO. 80S.
-VOL. 10.-NO. 34.
e .. : .
tVIRr SATUROAT At BALI. OHIO;
fey toe Executive Committee, of the Western Anti
Clavsry Society. " '"'
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x t n k
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
A BOSTON MAN IN CHARLESTON AND
SAVANNAH-WHAT HE SAW, & HEARD.
V rv,.i -i . V i ' '. "
We . vettsrdiiT announced the arrival of the
eleamfcr Massachusetts at this port, from Charles
ton,., AXricnd of ours, . who was a passenger on
board, both out and home, has kindly furnished on
with the following:, ... : . 1 ' '
Oo nearing the coast of Sontb Carolina in the
sight, all was dark and dismal; not n Sight to be
aeen- In .the morning a, pilot oame quite leisurely
00 bgard end- entered on- his duties.-. la passing
pi, hejJtiad several land marks to too by. the buoys
oicg.aU taken; np, except one, . ana iui so uis
flaced Aavtdoiv any one not. oonstantly fa mil
iat witb the cbanneU., i .'.V- , ; .;.
.AjCustpm-honae onier aooc appeared on board,
The interrogatory, "your luggage, sir? " was d-
sjresscd to tach pasaonger in turn, and (very trunk
jras opened, in his preaonoe, after which, a fee of
twenty tceots in eaoh case. was tltmuuUed, "on tot
Jwjippeao ilin.','l;!-. a.y, s
Arijjiog at the '.'Mills, lipase,", oar friend and
bis cboipanipns were jaet with, the utmost cour-
tosj, nothing of the surf eU!a60. soaietimea wit
nessed st a jNurtbein hotel, jjo the sudden appear
ance of Southerner. , , , j '
s The display of military in all parts of the city
nnd surroundings, surpassed any published des
cription... At the botsU, about seven men in ten
if ere in pa'totai, many cf jtbsm officer of well es-
ta.bUt.bed reputation. ,,ioora was. but latie excite
meat among (hem, . the general feeling being, as
far os oould.bo asoeruioed,: that the present state
of affairs was a ntccil, and must be endured
tgitb patience and fortitude. r, ,
, A short visit was paid to an iron foundry, where
the quantities of shot, phella, etc, being matjo
fit'clured, was surprising. The negroes employed
there exhibited nooeof that sluggishness frequent
ly fouud on a plantation. ,They were evidently
under the impression that there was danger from
u foreign foe, acd labored "with a will.", ,
t The teoeotly built land fortifiaitions are descri
bed as very neat and rtroog. Neither of these
qualities, however, are Attributed to the "floating
battery." Must of our, readers Lave some idea
of the mud-digging machines . with which out
docks aro cleared. The f battery". aomowhat re
sembles one of them, and it is generally admitted
by those who have seen it, would be just about as
effectual, in withstanding the terrifl j At of the
modern "Columbiads." The floating "slaagbler
bouse,' as it bas been oalled, is only about eighty
feel by forty. Four heavy guns were placed on
the end already the heaviest before, (from the sand
and iron plating,) when ii became nsosssary to pile
bags of sand on the ethsi extreme, to restore the
balance. This settled the machine pretty well in
the water, and when, visited,, four negroes were
lustily exorcising their "muscle" in keeping it
from sinkiDg. It was afterwards towed down the
harbor, bat will probably never be used for an
attack' ,. :,,(..
' Only oge opinion was expressed in Charleston
as to the "Southern, Confederacy," via: that it it
to le permanent. The United States are not men
tioned by the Southerners; they speak of the
"Northern Confederacy.",., Our friend objected to
this, considering that our name bas not yet been
changed. " The reply be got was, "Obi just as you
please, ey; terms are, not important." He was
very politoly invited to ride down among the forts,
and laok of time only prevented. Very little busi
ness was doing, and bard money very hard to ob
tain. Ureat confidence wm everywhere manifei
tedln the ability of Oen. Baauregard, now in com
mand of the forces. The expense to the "Confed
erate Government" for himself and officers is esti
mated at several thousand dollars a day. Ue I
considered, with the meant now at hand, entirely
adequate to the task of reducing Fort Sumter, or
the accomplishment of any neoossory military ex
ploit.' ' It ' was believed,' however, thai the fort
would be peaceably surrendered, la which oase
the friendship onoe existing between the North
and South it was boped would be restored, if not
arpased,u But should, the "blast of war" be
sounded, the .bitter animosity whiob would dale
from that moment, the present generation has not
beheld the equal of oa this oontine&t.
A rumor bad been circulated that Major Aoder
soVwou'd leave the fort loat Monday, and land in
Charleston.' tt was proposed that be be tendered
a jlinner and public reception. The reply of Me
jr Anderson is said to bare beeo that be ''hoped
he would not be obliged to land in Charleston; and
if he did, he must respectfully deollue a public
reception. He expectod to be taken off by a
steamer." , '
' A few luxuries sent out to Major Anderson by
the Massachusetts, from Boston, wore promptly
forwarded to him by the authorities at Charleston;
and as the steamer wa leaving that port, pasting
(tear the fort, the gallant Major, with several of
his officers, appeared on the ramparts waiving
their bandkerohiefs, which wa returned on board.
A report having gained currenoy that Anderson
was expecting some patont fuse, everything sent
down to the fort was closely watched, and a largo
can of oondeneed milk was the subject of much
euspioion. Boat. I'otl, March 24A.
SKETCHES OF SLAVEHOLDERS.
A chapter from "Incidents in the Life of a Slave
Girl," edited by L. Maria Child.
There was a planter in the country, not far
from us, whom I will call Mr. Likh. He wos an
ill-bred, uneducated man, but very wealthy. He
had six hundred slavos, many of whom be did not
know by sight. His extensive plantation was
managed by well-paid overseers. Tbero was
jail and a whipping post on his grounds; and
whatever cruelties were perpetrated there, they
passed without comment. He was so effectually
screened by bis great woalib that he was oalled to
no account fur his crimes, not even for murder.
Various were the punishment, resorted to. A
favorite one waa to tie a rope round a man's body,
and suspend hi in from the ground. A tare was
kindled over him, from which was Suspended
piece of fat pork. As this cooked, the scalding
drops of fat eontinually fell on the bare flesh. On
his own plantation, he required Very strict obe
dience to the eighth commandment. But depro
dations on the neighbors wero allowablo, provided
the oulprit managed to evade detection or suspi
cion. If a noighbor brought a charge of theft
against any of his blavcs, Le was browbeaten
the master, who assurod biua that his slaves had
enough of everything at home, and had no induce
ment to steal.; No sooner was the neighbor's
back turned, than the accused was sought out, and
whipped for bis lack if discretion. If a slave stole
from him even a pound of meat or a peck cf corn,
if detection followed, be wae pat in ebaioe and
imprisoned, and so kept till His form waa attena
atsd by boager and suffering. '
' A freshet once bore his wine cellar and meat
bouse miles away from the plantation. Some
slaves followed, and secured bits of meat and bot
tles of wine.: Two were detected, a ham and
soma liquor being found in their huts. They were
xummoned by their master. No words were used,
hot a'club felled them to the ground. A rough
baa was their ooffio, and their interment was
doz'e barial.- Nothing was said.
- Murder was so common on bis plantation that
he feared to be alone after nightfall. He tuightj
have believed in ghosts. 1
His brother, if not equal io wealth, was at least
equal in cruelty. His bloodhounds were well
trained. . Their pen was spacious, and a terror
the slaves. . Tbey were lot loose on a runaway,
and, if tbey tracked him, tbey literally tore the
Sesh from bis bones. When this slaveholder died,
bis shrieks and groans were so frightful that they
appalled his own friends. His last words were,
"I am going to bell ; bury my money with me."
After his death his eyes remained open. To
press lbs lids down, silver dollars were laid on
them. These were buried with him. From this
cireumstanoe, a rumor went abroad that bis ooffin
was filled with money. Three times' bis grave
wae opened, and his coffin taken out. The last
time, bis body was found on the ground, and
flock of buizards wire pecking at it. He was
again interred, and a sentinel set over bis grave.
The perpetrators were never discovered,
r Cruelty is contagious in uncivilized communi
ties. Mr. Conant, a neighbor of Mr. Litch, re
turned from town one evening io a partial state
intoxication. His body servant gave him eome
offence. He was divested of bis clothes, exacpt
bis shirt, whipped, and tied to a large tree in front
of the house. It was a stormy night in winter.
The wind blew bitterly cold, and the boughs
the old tree eraekled under (ailing sleet, . A mem
ber of the family, fosriog be would freeze to death,
begged that be might be taken down; bot the
master would not relent. He remained there
three hours; and, when be was cut down, be was
more dead than alive. Another slave, who stole
a pig from ibis master, to appoaee bis hunger, was
terribly flogged. In desperat;oo, bo tried to ran
away. But at the end of two milos, be was to
faint with loss of blood, be ttnught be was dying.
He had a wife, and he longed to eee nor onoe
more. Too tick ta walk, be orept baok the long
distance on bis hands and knees. When be reach
ed bis master's, it was night. He had not strength
to rise and open the gate. He moaned, and tried
to call for help. I bad a friend living in tbe tame
family. At last his cry reached ber. She went
out, and found tbe prostrate man at tbe gate. She
ran back to the bouse for assistance, and two men
returned with her. They carried him in, and laid
him on the floor. The back of bit tbirt wat one
clot of blood. By mean of lard, rcy friend loos
ened it from tbe raw flesh. She bandaged him,
gave bim cool drink, and left bim to rest. The
master (aid be deserted a hundred mora lasbrt.
When his own labor was stolen from bim, be bad
stolen food to appease bit hunger. This waa
crime. ! v.-.i .
Another neighbor wat a Mrs. Wade. At
hour of tbe day wat there cessation of tbe lash
on ber premises. Uer labor began with tbe
dawn, and did not eeaae till long after nightfall.
Tbe barn wa bet particular - placo of torture.
There she lashed the alavea with the might of
man. An old tlav of ber's one said to ma, "It
is bell in missis's house. 'Pear I oao never get
out , Day and night I praye to die." ..
The mistress died before tbe old womab, and,
when dying, entreated ber husband not to permit
any one of ber elavee to look on ber after death
A slave who bad nursed her children, and bsd
still a child in her care, watched her ehanoe, and
stole with it la ber arms to tbe room wbera lay
her dead mistress. She gaied awhile on her face,
saylog, at she did o, "The devil i C J00 noml"
She forfot that the ehlld wae looking on. She
had jost began to talk; and she said to her fath
er, "I did see ma, and mammy did etrike ma, to,"
striking her own faoe with ber little band. Tbe
master wae startled. II could not Imagine bow
the nurse oould obtain accost tJ the room where
the corpse lay; for he kept the door looked. II
questioned ber. She confeseed thai what tbe
ohild bad said wat true, and told bow aba had
procured the key. She wat told to Georgia, '
In my childhood I knew a valuable slave, nam
ed Charity, and loved ber, a all children did.
Her young mistress married, and took her to Lou
isiana. Her little boy. James, wa sold to a good
sort of master. He became involved in debt, and
James was sold again to a wealthy slaveholder,
noted for bis oruelty. With tbit man be grew op
to manhood, reooiving the treatment of a dog. Af
ter a severe whipping, to tave himself from far
ther infliction of the lash, with which b wa
threatened, ha took to tbe woods. H wa In a
most miserable condition cat by tb eowskln,
half naked, half starved, and without the means
of procuring a crust of bread.
Some" weeks after his escape, be wa captured,
tiod, and carried back to hie master's plantation
This man considered punishment in bit jail, on
bread and water.ifter receiving hundreds of lasbee,
too mild for the poor slave's offence. Therefore be
decided, after tbe overseer should have whipped
him to his satisfaction, to bare bim placed be
tween the screws of the ootton gin, to stay as long
as be had been in the woods, Tbit wretched
creature was cut with the wblp from bit bead to
hit feet, then washed with strong brine, to prevent
the Cosh from mortifying, and make it heal sooner
than it otherwise would. ' He wat then put Into
tbe ootton gin, which was screwed down, only al
lowing him room to turn on bie side'wben be could
not Ho on his back. Every morning a slave wae
sent with a piece of bread and bowl of water,
which were placed within reaoh of tbe poor fol
low.' The slave was charged nnder penalty of tt-
vere punishment, not to speak to him.
- Four days passed, and tbe slave continued to
carry tbe bread and water. On tbe eecond morn
ing, be found the bread gone, but tbe water un
touched. Wben be bad been In tb pries font
days and five nights, the slave informed bit mat
ter that tbe water had pot been used for four mor
nings, and that a horrible stench came front the
gin bouse. . The overseer wat tent to examine
to it. Wben the press wat untorewed, the dead
body was found partly eaten by rats and vermin.
Perhaps the rats that devoured hit bread had
gnawed bim before life wat extioot. Poor Chari
ty I Grandmother and I often asktd each other
how ber affectionate heart would bear tbe newt, if
she should ever bear of tbe murder of ber ton.
We had known her husband, and knew that
James was like him in manliness and intelligence.
These were the qualities, that made it so hard for
him to be a plantation slave. They put bim into a
rough box, and buried bim with less feeling than
would bare been manifested for an old house dog.
Nobody asked any question. He wat a slave;
and tbe feeling waa that tbe matter bad a right to
do what he pleased with his own property.- And
what did he care for tbe value of a slavet Ue bad
hundradt of them. Wben tbey bad finished their
daily toil, they most burry to eat their little mor
sels, and be ready to extinguish their pint knot
before nine o clock, wben tbe overseer went bis
patrol rounds. , He entered every cabin, to tee
that men and their wivee bad gona to bed togeth
er, lest tbe men, from over fatigue, ebould fall
asleep in the chimnoy corner, and remain there
till the morning horn called tbem to their daily
task. Women are considered of no value, unless
thuy continually increase their owner's stock.
They are put on a par with animals. This tame
master shot a woman through the bead, who bad
run away and been brought back to bim. No one
called bim to account for it. If a clave reeisted
being whipped, tbe bloodboundt were unpacked.
and let upon bim, to tear hit flesh from hit bone.
Tbe master who did these things wa highly edu
cated, and styled a perfect gentleman. He alto
boasted the name and standing of a Christian,
though Satan never bad a truer follower.
I could tell of mors slaveholder a ornel at
tbos I have described. Tbey art nof exceptions
to the general rule. I do not tay there are no hu
mane slaveholders. Sucb characters do exist, not
withstanding tbt hardning influenoe around
tbem. But tbey are "like angels' visit few and
far between." - ' '
I knew a yonng lady who wa on of these rare
specimens. She was an orphan, and inherited
as slaves a woman and ber six children. Their
father was a free man.' Tbey bad a comfortable
home of their own, parent and children living
together. The mother and eldest daughter served
their mistress during the day, and at night re
turned to their dwelling, which wat on tb premi
ses. Tbt young lady waa very pious, and there
wa torn reality in ber religion. She taught bar
slaves to lead pur lives, and wished them to en
joy tbe fruit of their own industry. Her religion
was not a garb put on for Sunday, and laid asid
till Sunday returned again. The eldest daughter
of the slave mother wa promised in marriage to
a (re man; and tb day bsfor tha vedding this
good mistree emancipated her, in order that her
marriage might have tb tanotion of fate.
Report said that tbit yonng lady cherished an
onrequitted affection for a man wbo had resolved
to marry for wealth. In the count of time a rlob
uncle of btrt died. lie left tlx thousand doilart
to bit two toni by a colored woman, and tbt
mainder of bit property to tbit orphan nieee. The
metal toon attraeted the magnet. - The lady and
her weighty parte became bis. She offered
manumit her slavet telling tbem that ber
risge might make nnexpsoted change I their
deetiny, and sba wished to lata re their bappln.
Tbey rfad to take tkslr freedom, saying- (hat
sb bad alway beet) their beet friend, and tbey
oould aot be ee happy anywhere a With bar.
watnot torprletd. 1 bad ofttt leen cjitav to tberr
comfortable borne, and thought that the whole
town did not oontain a happier family. They had
never felt slavery; and, When it wae too late, they
were convinced of its reality.
- Wben the new matter claimed Ibis family as bis
property, the father became furious, and went to
bit mistress for protection. "I can do nothing
for yon now. Harrv " said she. "I na loneer
have the power I bad a week tto. I have euo-
cceded in obtaining tbe freedom of your wife ; but
l cannot obtain it Tor your children." Tbe un
happy father swore that nobody should take bis
obildren from bim. He eoooealed tbem in tbe
woods for some dayt; but they were discovered
and takes. The father wae put in fail, and tbe
oldest two boys sold to Georgia, One little girl,
too young to be of service to her master, wa left
with the tretched mother. The other three were
oarried to their master's plantation. Tb eldest
soon beoane a mother ; and, wben the slavehold
er' wlfolookod at tho babe, she wept bitterly.
sue knew that ber own husband bad violated the
?. - i-. i , .... . . .
pain sunuaa so oaretully inouloated. She baa a
eeoond chid by ber matter, and then ho eold ber
ana ner ofepring to bis brother. She bore two
children tt tbt brother, and wat told tgain. The
next siatet went erosy. The life she wat com pell
td to leaddrove her mad. The third one became
tbe moibot of Ire daughter. Before tbe birth of
tbe fourth tbe pious mistreat died. To tbe last tbe
rendered wery kindoes to tbe slaves that ber un
fortunate sirenmetaneee permitted. She passed
away pettfully, glad to close her eyes on a life
wbioh hadbeen made eo wretched by the man she
This matitqnandered the fortune he hsd receiv
ed, and eotght to retrieve bis affairs by a second
marriage ; but, having retired after a night ol
drunken dbaooh, be wat found dead in tbe morn
ing. Ue vat called a good master ; for he fed and
clothed bisslaves better then most masters, and
the lath w not beard on bis plantation so fre
quently s)n many othore. nad it not been for
slavery, bewould have been a better man; and bis
wife a hspjler woman.
No pen an give an adequate description of tbe
aU-perVsdlg corruption produced by slavery.
The slave trl is reared in an atmosphere of Ii
centionsnet and fear. The lath and tbe foul talk
of hen mister and bit tout are her teaohers.
WhtnLLais fourteen or fifteen, her owner, or his
eons, t tee overseer, or perbapa all of tbesa, be.
glij to Life ',hr with pretcattw.lt. the fail to
accompli tbeir purpose, tbe it whipped or starv
ed Into sitnlsejoO; to their will. Sba may have
bad reWtai principle inouloated by aeme piout
mother grandmother, or some good mistreat
the may tare a lover, whose good opinion or peace
of mind 4 dear to ber heart j or tbt profligaU
men who hv power over her may be exceedingly
odiou to Ijer.: But resistance it hopeless. 4
.t f ' "Tb ptor worm
Shall prove her contest vain. . Life's battle day
Shall past, and she it gont 1"
- The tlavebolder'e tont are, of course, vitiated,
even while loyt, by the unclean influence every
where aroatd tbem. Nor do the masters s daugh
ters always atoape. Severe retributions tome-
time com apoB him for the wrongs be does
to the daughters of tbe slaves. The white
daughter early hear their parent quarrelling
about bo mi female slave. Their curiosity is
excited, and they soon learn tbe cause. They are
attended by the young slave girls whom their fath.
er baa corrupted ; and tbey bear euch talk as
should never meet youthful cart. They know that
the women slavet are eubject to . their fatber't au
thority in all things; and in tome case tbey ex
eroise tbe same authority over the men elaves.
hav myself sees the master of such a household
whose head wa bowed down in shame ; for it was
known in tb neighborhood that bis daughter had
selected on of tb meanest slave on hisfplanta
tion to bs tb father of hie first grandchild. She
did not make bar advanoee to ber equals, nor even
to ber father' more Intelligent servants. She se
lected tbe most brutalized, over whom ber author
ity could be cxeroieed with less fear of exposure.
Usr father, half fr actio with rage, sought to re
veug himself oa. tb offending black man ; but
bit daogbttr, fortaeeing tha storm that would
arise, had gives, bint free paper and tent him
out of the otate.
, la tucb ease the infant it (mothered, or tent
where it it never teen by any wbo know its histo
ry. : But II lb whit parent is tb father, instead
of th mother,, the offspring are unblusbingly
reared for the market. If tbey are girls, I have
indicated plainly enough what will b their inevit
able dettiny. ......
You may believe what I tay : for I writ only
that whereof I know, I wae twenty-one yeart in
that cage of obtoena birds. , I oan testify, from
my own experience and observation, that slavery
it a curte io th whites a well a to tb Hacks,
It make th whit father cruel and eentual ; tbt
sous violet I and lioontiout; it contaminate! tbs
daughters, aad makes tha wlvet wretched. And
as for tha colored race, it needs aa abler pen than
mine to dteenbe tb extremity of their sufferings,
th depth of tbeir degradation. '
Yet few alavaholdcr teem to be aware of tbe
wlde-tpread moral rain occasioned by this wicked
system. Their talk is of blighted cotton crops
not of tbe blight on their children't soul.
If yon want to be fully eonvlnoed of the abom
ination of elavery, go on a Southern plantation,
and call yooraelf a negio trader. Then there will
be no ooooealmant and yon will eee and bear
tbioge that will teem to yon Impotelbl among hu
man being with Immortal tools. -
Wbiti Lasob a th Sour. It la often avert
ed that aon bat tb colored rac oan tndure tb
heat of th Boath. To tbit it i replied t
"Thar It wot magic - rod of th Southern
Statee bnatk th tropical aaa. . Every . aer
oar elav State lie with la th tea strata aon.
Th I thermal liatc which paasa through Savan
nah, Gtorgta, P tbrcwgh Madrid aa4 Born,
where white aaaa eVeeaat of act Iweepaelty
labor. 'la tb axtxwta SoaUh,' aaya Caeeiue M
Clay, t Near, Otic, the UbUig aaaa, ib
stevedore, aad baoktaaa, m th lev, where the
heat is intens Bed by tbe proximity of tbe red brick
buildings, are all while men, and they are In the
full enjoyment of health. 'The steady beat of
our summers,' says Governor Hammond of South
Carolina, "is not so prostrating as tbe abort, but
frequent and sudden bursts of Northern summers.'
'Here, in New Orleans,' say Dr. Catwright, 'tb
larger part o the drudgery work requiring expos
ure to tbe tun, tucb as railroad making, street
paving, ditohing, and building it performed by
bite people Every well Informed man knowt
that la Texae, wbera tbe Germane will not employ
slave labor, these hardy emigrante from the Nortb
ol Earope prodaoc with tbeir own hands more cot
ton to tbe acre than the slaves."
PHILOSOPHY OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT.
Tbe political philosophy whiob nndeiliot tbe
Secession movement it well expressed by tbe late
Mr. T. S. Gourdio, of Florida, E liter of tb.
Southern Confederacy, one of the ableet writers
of the new nation i
"With tbe formation of the Confederate States of
America, a new era in civilization hae commen
ced an era in which, If we hope to gain the re
spect of tbe civilised world, we must abandon the
old idea of our forefathers that 'all men were born
free and equal,' and teach tbe dootrloe of the di
versity ol tbe raeee, and of tbe eopremaoy of the
Anglo-Saxon ract over all others. We must take
tbe ground never dreamed of by the men of TO,
that African Slavery is right in itself, and, thers
foreehould be preserved. Afrioan Slavery is
either morally right, or it is morally wrong. If
wrong, no excuse will auffioe, in tbe eyee of the
Almighty, for itt continuance. Ue it perfect,
and cannot tolerate iniquity. The tame moral
and physical lawt which in the beginning (of this
earth) be laid down for tbe government of thie
world in which wo live, were, are, and will be
right, yesterday, to-day, and forever. Earthly
legislators may change tbeir laws to tuit tha emer
gencies of the times for they are fallible; bot tbe
Almlf-htv that great Being, whom tbe heavene
of heavens 'cannot contain,' never. If, there
fore, we, after due investigation of the subject,
honestly eome to the - oonolusion that elavery per
te is morallv wrong, let us, at honett men and
christians, abolish it at once, without regard to
There can be no euch thing ae a 'necessary
evil.' - Evil ie the misapplication or perversion of
what ie good. But if, on tbe other hand, wa be
lieve slavery to bo morally tight, and, in addi
tion thereto find it to our interest to keep np the
Institution, let us bt manly- enough to maintain
our prinoiplet in opposition to tha rest of tbe
world. Bat, far God't take, and the take of con
sistency, do not let a form a Union for tb ex
press purpote of maintaining and propagating
Afrioan Slavery, and then, at tbe Southern Con
grett baa done, oonfese our error by cnaotiog a
constitutional provision abolishing tha African
slave-trade. Tbe opening of the African slave
trade ie a mere question of expediency, to be de
termined by legislative enaotmeut hereafter, but
not by a constitutional provision.
"Tbe fact of tbe matter is this : All these erro
neous ideas of tbe rights of man and the equality
of the races, we derive from our ancestors of tbe
Revolution. We blame tbem not for the ideas
hich they entertained; we honor them for the
valiant manner in whiob they contended for what
they believed to be the truth. But, it does not
follow that beoauec our ancestors entertained,
fought and bled, for certain principles, we, their
descendants, should be oompelled to entertain,
fight and bleed, for tbt same principles. No 1
far from it I Our ancestors claimed tbe privilege
of thinking and aoting for themselves, without ro
gard to the opinions of their forefathers. We,
tbeir descendants, claim tbe same privilege."
This is all fair and above-board. Having un
dertaken to destroy tbe Constitution formed by
the men of the Revolution, it only proves tbe con
sistency and good ssose of the Soothern leaders
that they ahonld throw overboard tbe principles
of Democracy, and all tbe ideas oi tbe rights of
man which have hitherto been oberisbed and de
fended by the Amerioan people. Tribu ne.
Secession and tbb Methodist CHtrtCH.-The Bal
timore and East Baltimore Annual Conference of
tbe M. E. Church, now assembled respectively at
Staunton, Virginia,and Cbarabersburg, Pennsylva
nia, are discussing tbe approval or disapproval of
th new chapter added to the Disoiplinc of tbe
Churoh by tbe last General Conference, making
nonslavebolding a test of membership. The feel
ing in tbe Cboroh it very high on the tobject, and
it la exDtoted that tbe controversy will result in
the divison of the (Church; the membership op-
naaad to the new role preferring separation ratber
than tojubmit to its provisons. The memorial to
tha Baltimore Conference, which wa adopted by
the Convention of Laymen held in Baltimore in
Deoomber last, oontained a very emphatio censure
f tha aotlon of tbe Buffalo General Conference.
Tbe result of the notion of tb Conferenee will be
looked for with interest.
How a PBiLABiLrniA Niaao Man a roiTON.
Th. Philadelphia North Amerioan aays:
"Amoog the sterling portion of the colored peo
ple of Philadelphia, the late Jemee Proeeer will
inn be remembered. Procter wa to Philadelphia
what Downing ie to New York, except that Pro
ter leave about $25,000 ae tb rtsoll of hi thrift
and integrity, whil Downing la worth at Ieaat five
time that amount. For nearly half a century Mr.
Proaser kept a restaurant in Market atrtet, and
wat favorably known to tha greater portion of the
buainett community. Ue reached an advanoed
old age, and wae buried on Saturday laat. By bit
own people be wa highly esteemed, and not by
the aoorett among tbea wae hie well arned com
petence begrudged, ne would at any time cooner
have goo to th poor house than tell a lit or take
a penny that wa not hi own."
U wh anaot kttp hit w ter, ought not
i ecmplaia if tbr tall It. .
Secrct Societies er Coloeed Pistons. Tb)
new code of lawefor Maryland eontaina a elringeat
enactment against all eeeret eooietiee or colore
persons in that State Tbe penality for Ue viola
lion by a fret colored person, for the first offtnoj
is a fine of not les than $50; the party, fw default
of payment, to be eold for a eoffioient time to real
ize the amount; and for tha second offence to fce)
sold as a slave for life beyond the Hatha) of Ikw
State. Slaves offending to be told oat ol the State,
or be punished with thirty nine ttripet, at the die
cretion of tbe court. Persoas renting how) to)
oolored eeoret eooietiee, inoluding Masons and Od4
Fellows, if white, to be fined 500 or confined It)
tbe Penitentiary for not less than 5 nor mora tha
10 yeart, and if free oolored.to be told at a tlavc
Collection or tub Rtrtsc. It ie taidtbal
Attorney General Batea, hat givtn the opinion to)
President Lincoln, that the revenue cannot b
oollected, exoept under the law of 1809, whica,
rendeft it ntocssary for colleotore to reside withia
tbeir respective districts, and therefore it will bt)
impossible to exeoute the laws with propriety, tvest
were it otherwise feasible, in vcsttlt.
A Posi-iinTREse bt a Porcni Yot. An elect
ion was held at St. Claireville, Ohio, a few day
ago, in compliance with what hae been aancwao el
to be tb wish of Mr. Llnoolo, to determine who
should receive tbe appointment of Postmaster.
There were three candidates two very respectable)
and popular gentlemeo, and a lady named Mr.
Kamsy. Tbe latter was eleoted by about twenty
five majority. Mahoning RejitUr.
From the Wisconsin Chief.
DO TICKLE US.
The mast of mankind, are play-going people?
They aot from tb ephemeral motive of tbe boar,'
and live only for tbe present. Tbe world n
theater for tbem, got np and oarried en for th
sole gratification of tbeir selfish appetite. Tbt
life ie bnt the soenery whose changing view shall
please them. If the playt are woll cast, and th
obaractere well sustained, they cry "bravof If
not, they bite tbeir disapprobation, or retlrt la
"Uer we arc 1" cay these people, "w al
. . . . - ta-rftJ, Nn .nn.L
We are willing to be pleaeed. Please, genttanctr
and ladies, gratify at I Say or da eomttblng lav
teretting or funny. " Well mak an effort to drar
in our breath and honor yoor performance with
laugh,' or epplaud with oar hand. You'll hr
highly honored I" ' -
Temperance organization! bar bad their fab
shars of tbit clement, from tbe old fashioned aw
down to those of tb present time. A too oh er
oovelty, like tbe lightning of a flam, will a&
tbem around with a bun. Like the moth f a.
summer night, when the flam burn low, they'
teek a more attractive light, disappearing at !,!
denly at they come. Arc they not about at worth
lest at tbe intecte 1 '
It ie not tbe fault of great troths, that th mat
who enlist, see no beauly or grandeur la thtir
nurpot or mission. It it not tb fault of our
Temperanc reform tbat tbit decent forget and?
deserte it wben its pageantry become tbe mail of
close and terrible conflict. It would take a thou,
and generatione of tuoh people to endow one)
Calvary ; to give a Hues to the flamec ; a Uamp
den to tbe scaffold ; a Warren or Uale to Freedom
Valley Forge to History. In other dayc, they
might have enlisted for Freedom while it needed
but epaoletts and bloodless blades, but : would
have flod wben means of life were to be risked. -
With all tbat there is grand and etiiring ia the?
history of our Orders, there ie much tbat I tnoai
humiliating. Tbey have ever been cursed wit
tbis novel-hunting element, ehoutlng ilk ber)
wben the tide floods in. With it ebb tbey art
n . f. A
gone : t torn our inmost soui, we puj ani
pise tbem. Falatafra buckram host wer nvr
more shadowy and unreliable. Wbile they can to
entertained, they deign to etay ; when tbey aro
oalled opon for a tussle, tbsy vanish. Asawr)
them that itt one campaign, tbey can win glory
and a triumph, and tbey may remain ateadfast for
a day ; point tbem to a wildernee to be trodden
in toil, and tbey tneak from tha renamoot ltk
In one of th citii of tbit State, yeaw
ago, tb writer wat called to aid a few noble eplr-
itt in flinging oot tb standard of onr can.
Slowly at first, tb recruit rallied around It. At
ait tbey came in host I Lodge after Lodge,
f by magic, f prang op, and mot than a tbowaant)
names were on tbe roll. 1
From tbis same locality, there now cornel ft try
for help. Tb organisation laoguieh. And M
good brother it anxioua tbat "eontTntH w
thoold be got up I And co tb dm of tbat
gallant boat, wer but carpet knight I th kid.
gloved veterana of a cummer day J tb aotat
wbioh gather where the name ehoote up itt tbe-
darkn. Yeaterday full of teal and laaliog I
column with kindling eye and ebeery words j to
day off duty dull dead I What a worthlcw eeV
of runaways 1 Whatreaton have w t aapaot'
that "something near would flod a deeper at
more enduring lodgment in their heartst
And eo, to catch tbl play-going boat, w must
have 'tometbiog ntw 1" Annually, perbap.
there must be a new play, a aew cast, new teaot- (
ry, "to conclude with tb laughable fr.ro" which, ,
shall "draw'" then agaia ? Such are th people
wboexpeotto work out great revolution in Pb-,
lio aentiment, make the world better for tnetr "-,
ing, and give to potterlty, etmo and deed wWo,
shall mak their mrmorie blasted. SbocJd tb j
reaoh Usaveo, tbey wlU probably asT wal
for tb want of "tometbiog new." . ; '
Now.lntb aameaf aommoa) aaoae, to . ,
tb people get aW .
ohorch rgnltatior P wpect ftW ,
gramm from y.ar U year 1 A new Kalforat, af J
ew way of voting 'or tbeir candidate t D) s
ibay bar w Bible, w minUtera, byaaoWk. i
ssrvioe, eatrament, U.t Hew aa they lit good 4
hrUtlaa aad get to glory comfortably, wiilsca.1
eomethlai w r, W ban tot littl trttasa f