Newspaper Page Text
THE GREENVILLE JOURNAL
By LILBURN H. TOWNSEND.
Hand of labor, hand of might.
Bo thou strong Id thing of right
Master thou of crafts untold.
Driving them In heat and cold;
Working high and working low.
That the world may brighter grow; '
Press, the loom, and traffic great.
Know the drive behind thy weight
Hand of labor, rude and fine.
Things of earth are mostly thine.
Mines of gold and fields of wheat.
Harbors deep where pennants greet:
Ships of war, canals and locks.
Roads of steel and bridges, docks.
Strain thy sinews day and night.
Be thou strong In things of right
Mills and shops in clang and roar.
Foundry fires and molten ore;
Sullen mines and heaving seas.
Lands of rock and timber trees;
Cotton fields as white as snow.
Forges black 'mid flames aglow.
Strain thy sinews day and night.
Be thou strong In things of right.
Hand of labor, great thou art;
Be thou fair, and bear thy part
Like big souls, sincere. Intense;
Stoop not low to base offense.
Nor, In heat forget that men.
Large and small, all kind and ken.
Have their place and must remain
'Neath the sway of guiding brain.
II) ii 1
Disturbances Go Far Back Into
Apostle Paul Is on Record as Having
Created Dissension Among the
People of Ephesus by His.
Preaching of Christianity.
While the matter of Labor day is
under consideration, the question
arises: What is labor? Webster
gives as 'his first definition: "Toil or
exertion, physical or mental."
William B. Wilson, secretary of the
department of labor, gave the follow
ing as his conception of the idea:
"Labor is any mental or physical ac
tivity other than that engaged in sole
ly for pleasure" a definition showing
a brain at once practical and analytic.
Mr. Powderly would narrow this
somewhat by defining labor as "any
exertion, mental or physical, not in
dulged In for pleasure and for the ben
efit of mankind."
Doctor Coulter of the census bureau,
an expert on such matters, would give
an even broader scope to the word. He
-defines labor as: "All effort, whether
mental or physical."
The question of Labor day naturally
brings to mind the collateral labor
questions of labor union protests and
strikes.' There is a tendency among
latter-day philosophers to prophesy
all manner of evil to come to mankind
by the way of labor unions and their
troubles, both among themselves and
with others, and to hold forth these
troubles as a proof of human deca
dence, peculiar only to this degenerate
In this connection, while the early
history of Rome and the tribulations
of the workman of that day show that
labor troubles have always been with
us, there is a most interesting pass
age in the Acts of the Apostles, which,
when read with an eye to modern la
bor dissensions, shows that mankind
has not varied one whit in his striving
for what he considers the fruits of his
labor, since the days of St. Paul.
Paul, together with other apostles,
went up in the Ephesus country, seek
ing converts to the Christian faith.
Now, Ephesus was the favorite city
of Diana, or Artemis, as she was also
called. Here was her famous temple;
here was her famous statue, said by
the priests to have fallen from heaven.
Thither every year came pilgrims by
the tens of thousands to worship at
the shrine of the tutelary deity and
here a goodly number of silversmiths
found their calling a most lucrative
one. For, there being no photographs
nor postal cards, these pilgrims took
away with them small silver fac
simile statuettes of the great goddess
as souvenirs. Now observe the nine
teenth chapter of Acts, according to
the twentieth century version of the
"Now a silversmith named Demet
rius, who made silver models of the
shrine of Artemis (Diana), and so
gave a great deal of work to the arti
sans, got these men together, as well
as the workmen engaged In similar
occupations, and said: 'Men, you know
that our prosperity depends upon this
work, and you see and hear that, not
only in Ephesus, but in almost the
whole of Roman Asia, this Paul has
convinced and won over great num
bers of people by his assertion that
those gods which are made by hands
are not gods at all, so that not only is
this business of ours likely to fall
Into discredit, but there is the further
danger that the temple of the great
goddess, Artemis (Diana), will be
thought nothing of, and that she her
self will be deprived of her splendor,
though all Roman Asia and the whole
world worship her.'
"When they heard this the men
were greatly enraged and began shout
ing: 'Great is Artemis of the Ephe
sians!' The commotion spread through
the whole city, and the people rushed
with one accord into the theater, drag
ging with them the companions of
Certainly there cannot be found in
any modern newspaper a more perfect
account of a sympathetic strike and a
labor riot. And that was two thousand
The earliest ' work on shorthand
writing was compiled by Dr; Timothy
Bright of Cambridge in 1598.
BUSY DAYS COMING
Period of Stress Ahead of the
Labor Day an Excellent Time to
Think of the Future That Must
Be the Result of the War
Every American, whether he works
with his hands or with his head, will
take full advantage of Labor day, the
last of the summer holidays; every
one will appreciate the fact that there
is a long period of work ahead of him.
This fall and winter is sure to be
a time of readjustment In many lines
of American commerce and labor, due
to the European war, which not only
shuts off some of the things we buy,
but Is filling our warehouses with
many of the things we sell. How to
manage without the particular things
we have always imported and how to
get a market for the things Europe
cannot buy must engage our Berious
attention for months, perhaps for
years. There may be some failures In
the effort to readjust, but there will
be more successes, and great ones.
The best thing about the whole sit
uation is the stout heart of the busi
ness world and the people In general.
They enter upon a combat with un
certainties with the old Yankee con
fidence, backed by the knowledge that
in the fundamental items of physical
life we are safe. We can feed our
selves, clothe ourselves, warm our
selve. The rest is only a matter of
time and adjustment. There will be
no hard times if the hard work is
Business must not wait "until the
war is over," for nobody knows when
that blessed day will be. If we are
prepared for a long war, so much the
more prosperity if the war is brief.
It is a splendid time for every
American, from the housewife to the
capitalist, to study American econo
mies and get a better knowledge of
DEMAND IS FOR SERVICE
Public Ideas Have Had a Significant
Change in a Comparatively
When the French aristocrat before
the great revolution was asked as to
his chief service to society, he replied,
"To have been born." He felt that his
mere presence in the world conferred
an honor on his country.
That has been the attitude of privi
leged classes of all time. But a new
ideal has come into men's minds the
ideal of labor, of service to the com
munity. Today the public is constant
ly asking men to justify their income.
"What have you done to deserve it?" is
the question. "By what service to so
ciety have you earned your money?"
It used to be considered perfectly
proper to water the stock of great pub
lic service corporations. But now peo
ple have come to see this means to
get an Income without working for it,
and public sentiment Is shutting off
Melon cutting in connection with
franchise grabs was once popular. But
it became apparent that this was mere
ly one way of getting something for
nothing, and the day of melon cutting
is done. y
So, all up and down the line the de
mand has come for service in return
for income. Society is willing to write
its note for pretty nearly any amount
to the energetic man, but it insists that
the payment shall be for value re
ceived. Show Noteworthy Gains.
The gains in membership of the
unions which form the American Fed
eration of Labor aggregated 224,758,
on a total of 1,703,749 at the begin
ning of 1914. The rate of increase
was over 12 per cent It is true that
In the same twelve months the num
ber of workers in the United States
who were eligible to membership in
the American Federation of Labor In
creased more than 224,000. It may
have been augmented by 450,000 or
even by 500,000, but the lact remains
beyond dispute that the gains of th
trade unions have been remarkable)
from any reasonable point ot view.
Can You Answer
Uniform Examination Quizzes for
County Teachers Examination
for Elementary School Certificate
for August, 1915.
Columbus. Following are the uni
form examination questions for county
teachers' examination for elementary
school certificate for August, prepared
under the direction of the superintend
ent of public Instruction and sent out
from his office In accordance with sec
tion 7819 of the general code:
Show your method of presenting to
a class the solution of problems like
this: Require the cost of 9 pounds aud
and 12 ounces of butter at 23c per
Write the solution for: If 24 Is 6-35
of a number, 21 is what part of that
A principal sent an agent $927 with
which to purchase wheat at 75c per
bushel. How many bushels of wheat
did the agent buy?
In an original surveyed township In
Ohio, show by diagram the location of
a plot of ground, being the N. W.
of S. E. , Sec, 17.
Required the least cost to carpet a
room 13x15 ft with Brussels carpet 27
In. wide at $1.20 per yard.
Mr. Smith bought 250 shares Penn
sylvania railroad stock at 103 and
sold it at 109; brokerage . Find
his net gain.
How many four-inch tile will be re
quired to carry as much water as
three 12-inch tile?
What bodies of water partly sur
round the peninsula of Alaska?
Where is the widest part of the
Rocky mountain highland? Name the
states through which the main crest of
the Rockies passes.
Why was the Isthmus of Panama
chosen as the site of a canal, and why
was it needed?
What heat belts cross Asia?
Name three rivers flowing across
the plain of Siberia? What can you
say of the value and civilization of
Which coast of Asia Is bordered by
the greatest number of islands? Of
what Importance are these islands?
Which is the highest mountain peak
on the earth? How high does it rise
above sea level? Name four other
very high mountains.
Into what gulf does the Colorado
flow? What is there remarkable about
the bed of the Colorado?
Point out the chief differences be
tween the personal pronoun and the
In what cases may the appositive
be used? Illustrate each with a short
Define active voice and passive
voice. What takes place in a sentence
when a verb in the active voice Is
changf i to the passive?
Give three ways by which the mas
cullne and feminine genders are dis
Define personal pronouns, indirect
object, indirect quotation, indirect
question. Illustrate each with a sen
tence. What do you understand by the
predicate adjective? How do you dis
pose of it in parsing?
Parse the words in black In the fol
lowing: By the flow of the inland river.
Whence the fleets of iron have fled,
Where thp blades of the grave-grass
Asleep are the ranks of the dead.
How are sentences divided as to
use? As to form?
How are verbs divided as to form?
As to use?
Name three Indian tribes that lived
In Ohio when it was a part of the
When was Ohio admitted as a state?
(b) Who was the first governor of
Ohio? (c) What was the first capital?
For what do you remember John
Eliot, Peter Stuyvesant, Robert Ful
ton, S. F. B. Morse, Cyrus McCormlck,
Give the boundaries of the United
States as fixed by the treaty at the
close of the Revolution.
State briefly the causes of the war
with Spain in 1898. What were the
results of this war?
What reasons can you give for the
low market value of "greenbacks"
from 1861 to 1866?
Who makes treaties with foreign
governments?- What body approves
them and by what vote?
Beginning with the extent of the
United States at the end of the Revo
lutionary war, trace the territorial
growth of the United States to 'the
present time, indicating when, how
and from whom we obtained added
What place does Abraham Lincoln
take as a creator of literature? As an
inspirer of literature?
Where has Lowell reached his high
est poetic height? How does he here
compare with Longfellow?
The Scarlet Letter has been pro
nounced America's greatest novel;
give reasons for agreement or dis
agreement with this opinion.
Who wrote "Huckleberry Finn,"
"The Sugar-Plum Tree," "The Man
Without a Country," "The Star-Spangled
Banner," "The Culprit Fay"?
The Dial, which was the organ of
Transcendentalism, and Brook Farm,
which was its experiment in com
munal life, both failed; does this
prove the philosophy impractical?
Name an Important poem written by
each of the following: Bayard Taylor,
Edward Rowland Sill, Edmund Clar
Name a well-known story written by
each of the following: Bret Harte,
Thomas Nelson Page.
Name three leading American essay
ists. Give the substance of some one
of their essays, personal comment,.
How can rhythm ba niade use of In
How can you get pupils to learn the
proper heights of letters and the dis
tance below the line they should go
and train them to observe these
heights and distances?
Does the copybook afford the
amount and kind of practice in writing
that is desired? What would you have
the writing class supplied with?
Copy as a specimen of your pen
He worked, and bravely he fulfilled
So long he wandered sowing worthy
Watering of wayside buds that were
And touching for the common ear
So long to wear away the cankering
That dulls the sold of life so long
With sweetest music for all souls op
That he was old ere he had thought of
rest. Jean Ingelow.
Why is it desirable that a teacher
know something of the anatomy and
physiology of the lower animals?
Why should mouth breathing be
avoided? What are some causes of
it? What can a teacher do to remedy
Describe the organs which cause
perspiration and explain its purpose.
Bacteria produce disease and other
effects in three .ways. Mention these
ways and illustrate each of them.
In determining the value of a food,
what things are to be taken into con
sideration? Discuss the effects of tobacco on di
gestion. In what ways does injury
from excessive use of tobacco usually
What are the functions of the red
What are the arguments in favor of
individual drinking cups or bubble
What is the purpose of a mulch?
What are the kinds of mulch?
What are the most popular sprays
for orchards? For gardens?
What are the principal points to
consider in judging an ear of corn?
What are the disadvantages of a
soil composed entirely of clay?
Mention at least eight popular va
rieties of apples. Indicate which are
early, which are tall and which are
What are some of the conditions
necessary for raising live stock profit
ably? Discuss the applications of power to
the work of the farm.
About how deep should soil be
plowed for wheat? Why? How early
should wheat be planted? What ad
vantages are there in sowing tho
wheat with a drill?
THEORY AND PRACTICE.
(Take two of the groups below entire.)
Group A. (Based on Pearson's The
Evolution of the Teacher),
What are some of the things from
which a visitor chiefly judges
Is it best for a teacher to try to at
tain all ends by direct procedure, by
inflexible rule? Give reasons for your
Give two illustrations of the prac
tical teaching of a moral lesson in the
What are some of the chief things
in which the right or wrong sort of
school spirit manifests itself?
Group B. (Based on Betts and Hall's
Better Rural Schools).
What are the comparative opportu
nities of consolidated schools and
one-room rural schools for doing so
cial center work?
Why should rural schools under
take to set a high standard for hygi
ene and health?
Explain what is meant by teaching
a subject as contrasted with teaching
Make a general statement of the
things that should at present enter
Into the education of boys and girls.
Group C. (Based on no particular
What should a teacher do in the
way of learning and using the ambi
tions of the pupils?
What, in general, Is a proper pun
ishment? What relation is there be
tween the number of cases of disci
pline and the successfulness of a
What attention should the teacher
give to the seating of the pupils?
(Make directions definite.)
What preparation must a teacher
have made for a lesson In order to
make it as interesting as possible?
Make and name at least eight dia
Mark diacritically: Cafe, sacrifice,
Panama, Sahara, Colorado, psychol
What is the rule for abbreviating
the words of the compound tables?
The examination in reading is oral.
The examiner will conduct the exami
nation following any plan desired.
Spell : Artillery, ' docile, crevasse,
expel, fortieth, Arctic, bivouac, fac
simile, sachem, nausea, llama, protege,
macadam, mischievous, wainscot, Chil
li co the, merino, Reichstag, anxious,
consignor, trissyllable, pageant, buoy,
Spell and define: Eclectic, elite,
allegory, lyric, insallvation, labyrinth,
lullaby, isosceles, financier, anaes
thetic. TRANSPORTATION MANGER
Chicago, 111. Walter K. Greene
baum, manager of the Indiana Trans
portation Co., was indicted by the
county grand jury,, charged with man
slaughter in connection with the East
land disaster. His company leased the
steamer for the excursion which was
blocked by the capsizing of the East
land in the Chicago river with the loss
of nearly a thousand lives. The In
dictment charges the boat was unsea
worthy and overloaded. .
THE EUHPEAN WAR A
YEAR AG0JHIS WEEK
Aug. 30, 1914.
Germans captured Amiens,
Germans advanced in line from
Amiens to Laon, forcing back the
Bombs dropped on Paris from
Japanese troops landed near
Preparations made to defend
Paris against siege.
Russians bombarded Thorn and
Aug. 31, 1914.
General von Hindenburg, after
three days' combat, vanquished
the Russian invaders In the Ma
surian lakes region.
Belgium made official reply to
Austria's declaration of war.
Japanese occupied two Islands.
Attempt made to wreck troop
train near Montreal.
Sept 1, 1914.
Allied left wing fell back In north
Germans reached Complegne, 40
miles from Paris.
Germans took many Russian pris
oners in East Prussia.
Turkish army mobilized.
More bombs dropped on Paris
from aeroplanes and on Antwerp
Name of St Petersburg changed
Sept. 2, 1914.
Government of France trans
ferred to Bordeaux.
Germans reached Crlel, near
Chantllly, and then turned away
German and French aeroplanes
fought above Paris.
Russians captured Lemberg, capi
tal of Gal Ida.
Lodz, Poland, taken by Germans
Montenegrins defeated Austrians
Sept. 3, 1914.
Martial law proclaimed In Paris.
Serbians defeated Austrians at
Germans approached the valley
of the Marne, and took La Fere.
Prince of Wied left Albania.
Russians took Czernowitz, capital
China protested violation of her
neutrality by Japan,
Sept. 4, 1914.
Germans crossed the Marne and
attacked the French center.
Severe fighting between Alost
and Termonde, Belgium,
British cruiser sank Austrian
steamer Bathori in bay of Biscay.
British gunboat Speedy sunk by
mine in North sea.
U. S. S. Tennessee took American
refugees across channel and U. S.
S. North Carolina sailed for
General Bobrinsky appointed
Russian governor of Galicia.
GERMAN SOAP FROM SUGAR
Discovery That Promises to Be of Inv
mense Importance to Country In
the Midst of War.
The discovery is announced of a
method of manufacture of soap from
sugar, of which Germany has plenty,
Instead of from oil, which is scarce. In
the past it has been possible to use
sugar only in soaps that had little
value. By the new method, it is
claimed, the soap produced is not
only fine and delicate, but it acts as
efficiently in salt water as in fresh
a fact that may make the soap valu
able for the navy.
Articles that formerly had to be
sent to chemical laundries can now be
washed with the new kind of soap,
The finest kinds of silks, It is alleged,
not only are not harmed by it, but
their colors are brought out brilliantly
and as tifiw. In addition, the sugar
soap seems to be responsible for a
minimum of the wear and tear occa
sioned by old-fashioned cleansing
"You tuem interested in that Egyp
"I am," said the man with the faint
grin. "There's no doubt that the pic
tures are funny. But the artist ought
to have put in some reading to show
what they're about."
Heat Oranges Before Peeling.
Beforo peeling oranges, set them
in the even to heat for a few minutes
and yotf will find that the tough white
skin can be easily removed with the
yellow rind. This makes the oranges
much rater to give to children.
Cirb on Swiss Legislators.
In Switzerland, on the demand of
60,000 voters, or ot eight cantons, any
law passed by the federal parliament
must be submitted to the general body
of the people fot acceptance or re
jection. POINTED PARAGRAPHS
The w'.se man has doubts, but tho
fool is always positive.
Most of us have loose purse strings
when the purse is empty.
The easier a man takes things the
easier it is for him to let them slide.
When a man starts on the down
ward path h seldom buys a return
pltou v r 1
As the Man Stood Thus in
THE GARDEN AND THE FLOWER
The Man had a beautiful garden. In
it were flowers so many and so rare
that everybody talked about It until
its fame spread to the ends of the
For many years The Man traveled
far and near in search of unusual
plants and brought them to his gar
den. Indefatigably he worked to keep
out the weeds, although his friends
said he was a dreamer whose wagon
was hitched to an impossible star.
They told him that no garden In all
this world was without its weeds, and
declared that they were natural and
wouldn't do any damage. The Man
only smiled, shook his head, and went
on working to rout every ugly and ob
Sometimes he stood In the midst of
his garden in the cool of the evening
and looked about him to see that it
was fair, but each time there seemed
to him that something was lacking.
He knew that the fame of his work
bad extended far; that men said his
garden was the most perfect in all the
world; but in his heart of hearts he
was not entirely satisfied.
Some shade of beauty was clearly
missing; some needed perfume lack
ing. So The Man determined that he
would find the flower needed, no mat
ter what the cost
He went on a long journey, search
ing in every nook and cranny, but he
did not find out even so much as the
name of the flower which his garden
needed, so he returned to work among
his plants in great dejection.
One day The Artist came to visit
The Man. He was as renowned for
his painting as The Man for his gar
den, and, although he lived at a great
distance, he had heard of the radi
ance of the garden In which The Man
had cultivated rare and wonderful
plants, and determined to see the
place for himself.
When The Artist had spent an hour
in The Man's garden, it seemed to him
that he must have died and gone to
heaven. He simply reveled in the riot
of color and steeped his senses in the
perfume of the flowers.
"It is a perfect place," he told The
"I wonder?" came the dejected re
Ply. After this The Artist said nothing;
but he, too, began to wonder, for
when the first impression of its radi
ance wore away The Artist became
conscious of something wrong.
The garden was not perfect, and it
was clear enough that The Man, who
had given all the years of his youth
to making it so, was sad and disap
pointed. "There is a flower missing," said
"I know," answered The Man, "but
I do not know its name, and therefore
I cannot find it."
The Artist looked into the sad, sad
eyes of The Man.
"Why, of course," he cried out, sud
denly; "I should have known in the
Whereupon he whispered the name
of the most beautiful flower in all the
world to The Man.
"I shall seek it at once," cried The
Man, "but how shall I know when I
"By its perfume," answered The
Artist. "It is like unto that of none
The Man journeyed again over land
and sea. He went into crowded places
and again upon the mountain top, but
he did not find any flower whose per
fume was strange to him. He became
weary and footsore in his search, and
finally made up his mind that no such
plant as that which The Artist had
mentioned existed. Once or twice he
stumbled upon lurid blossoms which
were unfamiliar, but when he exam
ined them he found that they sprang
the Midst of His Garden.
from the very weeds of which he bad
worked so hard to keep his garden
clear for lo, these many years.
"I will go home, and I will not tend
the garden any more," he told himself,
"for I could never be satisfied now un
less I gain for it the perfume which
The Artist says is the sweetest and
rarest in the world."
Heart-weary and discouraged, The
Man returned. He arrived in the
night Before the sun rose he went
out into the garden to take a last look
at all the beautiful things he had
planted there and tended through
many years. He stood in their midst
and told them that he had come to say
good-by to them. He told them that
they were good to look upon; that
they had satisfied him for many a
year, but that he had now come to the
crossroads where he needed a flower
that did not grow in his garden, and
without which the garden was of no
avail. And even while he talked the
rare and beautiful flowers about him
began to lift their wonderful heads,
for the east had confessed a flush,
and one by one (quite ignoring The
Man) they raised their radiant faces
for the first kiss of the morning sun.
The Man watched them in amaze
ment He had come forth to tell
them good-by forever, and one and all
they had been "clothed upon" with a
new loveliness, a new radiance, Inhal
ing, as It were, the spirit of the new
As The Man stood thus in the midst
of his garden he was suddenly con
scious of a new perfume. Over and
above all the others it rose, clinging
like a fine, sweet mist over the garden
The Man had made. It penetrated his
entire being, suffusing him with great
When he lifted his eyes, The Man
saw that the small vine which he had
often noticed clinging to the outside
wall of his Garden of Life had borne
a flower a single blossom, whose pet
als radiated the myriad lights ot
mother-of-pearl as It glistened in the
morning sun and he did not need to
be told that the name of the flower
was Love, nor that it was the same
that he had sought over the length
and breadth of the land, although he
has never ceased to marvel that it
blossomed there, within the reach of
his very hands, upon a vine which he
had frankly despised and often been
tempted to cut down.
Rare Eastern Plant
One of the rarest plants of the far
East is the "changeable rose," whose
bloom is white in the shade and red
in the sunlight The rose grows in
Japan, Siam and China. In the dark,
or in a shaded room, the flower has a
pure wavy-white surface. But a won
derful transformation occurs when the
bloom is taken from the dark to the
sunlight. First the petals turn to a
faded blue, which at once changes to
a delicate pink. This hue gradually
deepens into a fiery red, so that the
rose becomes the color of the reddest
peony that ever bloomeo.
Margaret had two boy playmates
harnessed up and was driving them
for horses. Margaret's mother called
out and asked her why she didn't let
Billie play with them. He was run
ning beside them shouting at the top
of his voice. Margaret called back:
"Mother, don't you know Billie's play
ing he's the dog?"
"Why did you cut out your hot
soda department with all those nice
bouillons and wafers and olives?"
"Too many people," explained the
druggist, "seemed to think the stuff
was free lunch." Louisville Courier
Journal. Thought and Inclination.
Men's thoughts are much acccrd'uf
to their inclination. Bacon.