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THE GREENVILLE JOURNAL
Can You Answer
Uniform Examination Quizzes for
County ' Teacher' Examination
for Elementary School Certificate
for January, 1916.
Columbus. Uniform examination
questlonstor county teachers' exami
nation fof elementary school certifi
cate prepared under the direction of
the superintendent ot public Instruc
tion and sent out from his office in ac
cordance with section 7819 of the gen
Explain, as to a class, why the deci
mal point is so placed in the product,
v. hen multiplying decimals.
What Is the exact length of the
tolar year? What years are leap
Is there any difference in cubic
.. ches between the dry quart and the
liquid quart? If your answer is In the
affirmative, state the difference; if In
the negative, give reasons for answer.
A man walks 5-12 of a mile. Express
in integers of rods, feet, inches. Show
the outline which you would have the
pupils follow in this reduction.
A rectangular field is 10 rods long,
4 rods wide. A horse is tied to a stake
In one corner by a rope 66 feet long.
Express to 3 decimals the portion of
the field the horse may graze upon.
Show the difference, if any, in the
cash price Qt a bill of goods for $960
at 12 and 8 per cent discount and at
20 per cent straight discount.
A square field contained 1,014,014
square rods. Required the length of
Required the total interest due on
$1,200 at 5 for 3 years, 9 months, 20
days, payable annually.
What would be about the shortest
practicable route from your city or
county to the Rio Grande border of
What regions of the United States
have an annual rainfall of above 60
inches? What is the approximate Ohio
rainfall? Whence do most of our rain
Where in the United "States is pe
troleum produced In large quantities?
How is it usually transported? What
are four of the products into which it
is refined? ,
What are the chief attractions , in
natural scenery in the United States?
(State what la to be seen in places
Give statistics regarding Ireland
its size, population, industries, cities.
What is ItR form of nvrnment
Give several important facts about
each of the following: Rome, Constan
tinople, Buenos Aires, Philadelphia,
Oklahoma (state), British .Columbia.
For what traffic is each of the fol
lowing canals important: Suez, Pan
ama, Sault Ste. Marie, Welland, Erie?
What are the sources of the world's
supply of each of the following: Cc
coanuts, quinine, olive oil, paper pulp,
ivory, platinum, tin,, coffee?
Write three sentences, each illus
trating a different use of the noun
What are personal pronouns? Name
What is conjugation? Conjugate the
verb "dream" in indicative mode, pres
ent, past, future tenses.
Classify the adverb and illustrate
What is meant by parts of speech?
Name the parts of speech.
How form the comparative and the
superlative degrees of adjectives, reg
ularly? What are redundant verbs I Illus
trate. 'Plagram or analyze: "I walked
home with Calhoun, who said that the
principles which I had avowed were
Just and noble." Parse the words In
What was the beginning of steel
armored vessels in our navy? Who
was the inventor?
How and when did Porto Rico come
into possession of the United States?
What were the Alabama Claims?
How and when settled?
Write upon the theme, "Sherman's
March to the Sea."
Name the leading political parties
What and where was: Ft. Duquesne,
Ticonderoga, Acadia, Mason and Dix
on's Line, Mt. Vernon, The Hermitage,
. West Point?
When and where was the first set
tlement in Ohio? In United States?
How many amendments to the con
stitution? What is the general con
tents of the last two?
Of what value is the nitrogen of the
air? Explain the advantages of deep
breathing and of out-of-door air.
What is meant by reflex action? Of
what value is it in our lives.
What effects has the use ot intoxi
cants upon (a) tuberculosis, (b) pneu
What bodies are there In the blood
and what are their functions?
What digestion takes place in the
, stomach? Haw much time should the
stomach digestion occupy?. What or
gans 'contribute to the intestinal di
gestion? Describe the structure and attach
ment of muscles.
How does knowledge of a scratch on
the hand reach the brain? Would
i knowledge of an Injury to an Internal
organ locate so accurately the place
and nature of the hurt? Does the
brain control the processes of the in
ternal organs?- ;-. ,1
Keller Trial Next Week,
Toledo. The trial of Carl H. Keller,
former mayor, who Was Indicted dur
ing the last days of bis adminjstration
by the Lucas county grand jury for the
alleged acceptance of a bribe in con
nection with the purchase of motor
ized fire apparatus,, probably will be
gin some time next week. County
Prosecutor D' Alton Friday said be de
aired to have Keller placed on trial
as soon as possible, but indicated
that there, might be some delay on
account of the. Illness of two of hia
assistants. . .
Give some rules for the proper care
and mauagrment of the sick. room.
For the purpose of study, divide into
periods (a) British Literature, (b)
American Literature, naming an Im
portant writer In each period.
Write a short biography of Robert
Burns; name fonr poems.
Who was the author of the follow
ing: (a) Macbeth, (b) Faerie Queen,
(c) Idylls of the King, (d) The Old
Oaken Bucket, (e) A Man Without a
Select any poem from Tennyson and
outline for class study.
Select any bovk from the works of
any one of the following and give a
short outline of (he events: Cooper,
Hawthorne, Poe (v'rose).
What is the picture presented to
your mind by the first two lines from
the Village Blacksmith?
Name two well-known American
poets of today; quote at least a stanza
from one, naming author and poem.
Name author of: (a) The Winning
of the West, (b) Wild Animals I Have
Known, (c) A Boy's Town, (d) Little
Women, (e) The Fair God, it) Tom
Sawyer, (g) The Tent on tlu- Beach,
(h) The Great Stone Face, (I) Snow
Bound, (J) Walden.
Describe the corn seed tester and
explain how the results of the test
should be used.
What is silage? What are the va
rious crops that are sometimes used as
How should potatoes be prepared
for planting? When should they be
planted, how thick, at what depth?
What are some of the varieties that
do best in this state? What source of
seed potatoes Is best?
What are the principal elements in
the soil and which of them an, most
Important for agriculture?
What are some of the peculiarities
of strawberry culture?
What are the principal points In
which a cow of the dairy type differs
from one of the beef type? Name some
good breeds of each type.
Explain how a soil holds moisture.
How can you show to a class the dif
ference between different kinds of soil
in this respect?
For what , purposes are trees
sprayed? When should apple trees be
sprayed to accomplish these pur
poses? THEORY AND PRACTICE.
(Take two of the groups below entire.)
Group A. (Based on Parker's The His
tory of Modern Elementary
How .was time wasted in tbe colonial
What was characteristic of the Lan-caster-Bell
system? Give at least four
of the six good points in the system.
Name the men who in each of sev
eral fields of thought had most to do
with developing the scientific method.
What is the scientific method?
Give several valuable ideas of
either Comenius or Locke. (Express
clearly so that the idea can be identi
Group B. (Based on Morehouse's The
Discipline of the School.)
What are the four great principles
of social relationship that form the
foundation of school government? ,
What are some of the things said ol
the doctrine of interest?
What are some of the abilities
which should result from the disci
plinary prescription for conduct?
How can the teacher form in hei
own mind the ideal of good school con
duct which is necessary?
Group C. (Based on no particular
Outline your principal aims In
teaching some particular subject.
What use can you make of pictures
(either textbook, card, magazine or
blackboard) in your teaching?
What can you do to teach pupils tc
use their leisure hours profitably?
Of what does loyalty on the part of
a teacher consist?
What studying or practicing do you
do to make yourself a capable teachei
Discuss the question of shading.
Give the heading and closing ot a
letter in your best style of writing and
Copy as a specimen of your pen
manship: Beside the sandal-tree a woodman
And swung the ax. As the strokes
Upon the fragrant trunk the generous
wood . x
With its' own sweets perfumed the
cruel blade. 1
Go thou and do the like. A soul en
dued With light from heaven, a nature
pure and great.
Will place its highest aim in doing
And good for evil give, and love for
(Examiners determine weights of re
Mark for pronunciation : Des Moines,
troubadour, sumach, stalagmite, reci
procity, silhouette, quagmire, papyrus,
Classify and name the class of all
The examination In reading is oral.
The examiner will conduct the exami
nation following any plan desired.
Spell: Catechism, bivouac, ame
thyst, synagogue, toboggan, wassail,
viscount, Chillicothe, submerge, succo
tash, prophecy, onyx, nuisance, jay
hawker, grenade, faucet, etymology,
cynosure, anemone, calyx.
Spell and define: Agile, chaperon,
brisket, rancor, perennial, pachyderm,
mistletoe, holocaust, genesis, effer
vesce. ' "
Highly Paid Men Stokers.
Youngstown. Twenty high salaried
officials of the Youngstown Sheet &
Tube Co. fired furnaces In the plant
Friday night With white collars off,
fashionable shirts cast aside and
sleeves rolled up, they i kept tha
furnaces going, while a mob of strike
sympathisers outside menaced the
plant, burned and looted stores and
razed residences. These officials, the
one with the lowest salary getting
$5,000, were endeavoring to save the
furnaces. If the fires go out, the fur
naces will be ruined.
SHELLS III SANDUSKY
TRACK WALKER8 FIND SHRAP
NEL FEAR PLOT AGAINST
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Sandusky. Two shrapnel shells
consigned to the navy depart
ment at Petrograd, Russia, were
found by track walkers in tbe New
York Central yards In the outskirts of
this city. They weigh 45 pounds each
and are supposed to have been con
signed by an eastern munitions con
cern to parties at Seattle, Wash.
The police worked on the case all
day in an effort to find out how the
shells were dropped off here, but
failed to get a clew.
Much fear was manifested in some
quarters that the destruction of one
or two Sandusky concerns said to be
engaged in the manufacture of war
munitions might ' have been contem
plated. Six-Story Warehouse Burns.
Cleveland. Less than 25 minutes
after a fire had transformed a
six-story brick warehouse at 2100 E.
ISth-st, into a cavern of flame, the
building's walls parted and crumpled,
imperiling lives of scores of firemen
and crowds of spectators, flattened
one dwelling and a garage and prob
ably fatally Injured one man caught
under flying bricks and timber.
Losses to the warehouse occupants,
the owner of the building, the dwell
ing and garage were estimated at be
tween $80,000 and $100,000.
The Ohio Sample Furniture Co. oc
cupied the first, second and third
floors; the Kinney & Levan Co., the
basement and fifth and sixth floors,
and the Cleveland Desk Co., the fourth
Former County Official Dies.
Cleveland. Jacob C. Siegrist, 63,
ex-county recorder, died at his home
in Lakewood, following a long illness
with Bright's disease. Born In Alsenz,
Bavaria, Germany, he spent all but
two years of his life in Cleveland,
where from 1882 until he retired in
1903 he was in public service. - He
was a 32d degree Mason, a Shriner
and a Knight of Pythias.
Train Kills Ohio Lawyer..
East Liverpool. Col. H. R. , Hill,
aged 83, retired lawyer, and Civil
war veteran, was struck and fatally
injured by an eastbound Cleveland &
Pittsburgh passenger train Thursday
night. He died while being removed
to a hospital. For 50 years Col. Hill
was a practicing lawyer here.
Her Father Fought British.
McArthur. Sarah Sisson, aged 87,
the widow of the late G. W. Sisson,
druggist of this place, is dead at the
home of her daughter, Mrs. Maglott,
at Ada. One hundred and sixty years
elapsed between the" birth of her
father and her death. Her father was
a Revolutionary soldier. ... ; i i'-
Lived Inside Corporation.
St. Clairsville. -Sidney Jones, So
cialist, elected as a 'member of
the board of education in Pease town
ship, cannot serve, and Ross Jordan,
Democrat, next highest, was given his
position. It was found Jones lived
Just two feet inside the corporation
of Bridgeport. ......
.Man Whirled Around Shaft.
St. Marys. Jasper Deckman, aged
30, may never again be able to
walk because of injuries affecting both
legs, the result of an accident when
he was whirled five times around a
shaft at a factory here.
Epidemic of Measles.
Bellaire. Health officials report
69 cases of measles here. ' They state
three persons have died as a result
of the epidemic.
Ohio Civil War Veteran Dies.
Berea. Isaac Hardy, 75 years old,
Civil war veteran, died at his home
Auto Sets House Afire.
Toledo. The family of W. J.
Moran, Dorr-st, had to flee when
the Moran home took fire from a gaso
line tank of an automobile. The auto,
containing two men and two women,
skidded in Dorr-st and collided with
the front of the Moran home. The
impact caused the gasoline tank to
explode, setting fire to the house.
The four occupants of the machine
hurriedly left the scene, taking the
number of the auto with them.
. Bible Teacher Is Thief.
Kenton. William H. Switzer, 37
years of age, Sunday School teacher,
pleaded guilty to a charge of coal
stealing- He was charged with having
hauled coal in wagons rrom Big Four
cars more than two years and was
fined $25 and costs and sentenced to
the workhouse for 30 days. A son,
John, 17, also was fined.
Babes Burned to Death.
Gallipolis. A fire, destroyed the
home of James R. '.Dodreh" in
this county, near Vinton. Dodrell's
four-year-old daughter and baby boy,
three-months-old, were burned to a
crisp. Dodrell 1 and wife .were at
church when the tragedy occurred and
were helpless to aid the children.
Hermit Found Dead.
Sallneville. The decomposed body
George Collins, 70 years old, was
found in a hut south of this town,
where he lived a hermit's life.
Takes Ansberry's Post ,
Columbus. Governor Frank B. Wil
lis appointed James E. Robinson, a
Republican attorney of Marysville, as
judge of the court of appeals of the
Third appellate district to succeed
Judge T. T. Ansberry, Defiance, Dem
ocrat, who has resigned to practice
law in Washington.
Use Boats In Streets.
Warren. The resident W the flats
In Warren got about in boats follow
ing a rise of near five and one-halt
feet In the river., .
News From All Sections of
Wetern Newspaper Union News Service.
Columbus. Numerous problems of
scientific interest were discussed at
the separate meetings held by the va
rious organizations cosatituting the
State Teachers' association which met
here in annual session. These or
ganizations comprise city superintend
ents, principals and supervisors, coun
ty and district superintendents, ele
mentary teachers, rural teachers,
county normal school directors and
high school teachers. Before the en
tire association Dr. J. Adams Huffer
of the University of Illinois talked on
"Practical Vocational Guidance From
the Standpoint of the Grade and High
The county and township superin
tendents went on record as desiring
an increase from $2 . to $8 in the
H. V. HOTCHKISS.
Superintendent of schools of Akron and
president of the Ohio State Teachers' as
sociation. amount the state pays for each enum
erated youth and making the county
the unit of taxation.
' Frank W. Miller, state superintend
ent of public Instiuction, announced
that nine life certificates had been is
sued to -teachers. tThis is the lowest
number in the history of the state.
Two of the applicants failed to pass
the test Twenty . teachers were re
fused . the examination because they
did not .qualify under the new law,
which recently became operative.
Cleveland r-W. C. Collins, aged
42, traveling broker. Hotel Del Prado,
4203 Euclid-av, is fighting for his life
at Lakeside hospital, and his wife,
Elizabeth, sometimes known as Helen,
35, was dead as a result, police say, of
plans laid by the woman more than a
year ago to kill tier husband and her
self. , Collins, . according to Police
Capt. Sebmunk, was shot in the neck,
and hand whilst he was asleep. Mrs.
Collins theii turned the' revolver on
herself,' firing jone bullet into her
brain. She was dead when attaches
of the hotel reached her room.
Police found a letter written by
Mrs. Collins' and addressed to Milton
W. -Hasenpflug, an undertaker, in
structing him as to the disposition of
Columbus. Dr.- Richard F. O'Con
nell, 48, for six years a practicing
physician ' in Columbus, died at his
home here after a week's illness. Dr.
O'ConnelJ was superintendent of the
Gallipolis Hospital for Epileptics for
seven years. , ' -: ' '
Cleveland. Dr. Benjamin L. Milli
kin, aged 64, for 12 years dean of the
Western Reserve Medical school, one
of Cleveland's wealthiest citizens and
a widely known eye specialist, died of
heart disease at his residence on May
field road, Cleveland Heights.
Elyrla. Mrs. Annie McAllister, in
a petition for divorce, sets forth
that for eighteen years she and her
husband, William McAllister, have
lived under an assumed name. They
have always been known here as Mc
Arrens. Lorain. Lake - coal shipped from
the port of Lorain totaled 3,450,290
tons during 1915, an increase of a
quarter of a million tons over 1914.
The shipments were made in 550 car
goes. Canton. Charles F. Stokey aged 71,
Civil war veteran, long a teacher in
the Canton public schools and for 30
years government 'bbserver, is dead
here. - :t
Lima. A special ". meeting of the
Lima Presbytery was held here
and definite action, was taken in
the case of Rev. C. P. Goodson, pastor
of the Olivet Presbyterian church,
who was asked by his congregation to
leave after a Sunday night service re
cently. This action of the church was
Lorain. Peter -. Stelemack, aged
eighteen, . detecting escaping gas,
went into, the cellar with a lighted
match in search of the leak. He is
recovering in St. Joseph's hospital
and the house is minus one side.
Lorain. Elyria police are investi
gating the death .q( -Dr. J. C. Deig
man, a physician, with offices in Ely
ria and Wellington, who was found
dead in his Elyria office recently.
Foul play is suggested. A month ago
Dr. Deigman was found in an uncon
scious condition near his office from
bruises and cuts. '. ..
Chardon. A novel Christmas gift
has just been received by Wil
iani Piersons of Huntsburg in a
largo tin box with the lid soldered on.
The box contained delicious little pies
and cakes, which had traveled all the
way from Qreenock Scotland,
s Urbana. Frank Martin and James
Doyle, two men who : are held here
on highway robbery charges and
wanted in Bellefontaine, Delaware and
other points, escaped from the county
jail. They seized Sheriff Faulkner as
he entered the prison to lock the pris
oners in their cells. Martin held the
sheriff's arm while Doyle took his re
volver. They rushed to the door
pushing the sheriff's wife aside. The
country is being hunted, as they are
considered dangerous men.
Springfield. James T. West, printer
and founder of the Weekly Transcript,
was stricken with apaplexj and died.
y . ", !'
M SHOT 111 RIQ1
6,000 FIGHT POLICE IN FflONT Or
MILL AT YOUNGSTOWN,
MOB BURNS TEN BUILDINGS
Strikers Apply Torch to Eight Strut
tures in Business District and De
stroy Two Factories Stores Arc
- Looted Troops Restore Order.
Youngstown, O., Jan. 10. Foui
persons were shot dead and IS
wounded, four probably fatally, one
of them a woman, when a mob ol
6,000, mostly foreigners, battled with
private police at the plant of the
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Works in
East Youngstown and looted and
burned a greater part ot the city last
Looting followed the attacks on
business buildings and all the liquor
in one saloon was passed among the
Sheriff J. C. Umstead requested
that state troops be sent ,ftys mes
sage to Governor Willis said: "Lives
are being taken and we are helpless
in trying to cope with the situation."
The estimated fire loss is more
Three regiments of the Ohio State
Guard finally restored order. They
were sent by Governor Willis.
The local companies ot the gjard
were not called upon to take part in
the strike trouble.
Sheriff Umstead, who with Briga
dier General Speaks and other Nation
al Guard officers went to East Youngs
town, was attacked by a mob. Red
pepper was thrown in the sheriff's
eyes and he was badly beaten.
The fire companies which attempted
to check the flames in the East
Youngstown business district were
beaten off by the mob. Many shots
were fired, but the firemen got back
safely to Youngstown.
All of the nineteen Injured persona
were taken to hospitals here.
The trouble started early in the
evening, when the day shift; among
whom were said to be a number of
strike-breakers, left work. The mob,
composed of both men and women,
formed at the entrance to the mills
and hooted and jeered as the work
ers left the plant. A number ot the
workers were stoned and beaten.
The private police force ot the mill
was lined up on a 'bridge across the
river leading to the main works of
plant. Someone in the crowd threw a
stone which struck one of the mill
Immediately several of the guards
drew their revolvers and fired to
frighten the crowd.
Then the real trouble started. . Re
volvers were produced by men in the
crowd and answering shots were sent
back. The guards answered by fir
ing into the crowd. Men and women,
wounded, fell amid the rain of bullets.
Finally the crowd fell back and
vented its fury by applying the torch
to buildings in the neighborhood.
Detroit, Mich., Jail. 6. Henry Ford,
leader of the peace mission to The
Hague, returned to Detroit. He avoid
ed a delegation of citizens who had
planned to welcome him home ' and
present to him a floral piece in recog
nition of his peace efforts.
New York, Jan.' 7. Announcement
that Col. Theodore Roosevelt will
statr on February 15 on a trip to the
West Indies, from which he will not
return until April 1, .was made here.
He will be accompanied by Mrs.
New York, Jan. 10. In that part of
Bdgium still free from German occu
pation, there are 200,000 residents and
refugees. All depend on charity, says
Chevalier Aloys Van de Vyvore, Bel
gian minister of finance.
Muskogee, Okla., Jan. 10. The Tex
as special, fastest train on the Mis
souri, Kansas & Texas between St
Louis and Texas points, went into the
ditch near Rentiesville. A dispatch
from Dallas declares no one was hurt.
Washington, Jan. 10. The proposal
of the Chicago & Alton to cancel joint
rates on coal from Toluca, 111., to
points in Wisconsin, Iowa and Minne
sota, was declared not justified by the
interstate commerce commission.
New York, Jan. 7. Congressman
Frank Buchanan of Illinois, Indicted
on charges of conspiring to foment
strikes in munitions plants, surren
dered here on Wednesday and was ar
raigned. He pleaded not guilty and
was released in $5,000 bail. Federal
Judge Clayton granted Mr. Buchanan
until January 20 to change his plea.
He said he knew of no movement to
Big Revolt In China.
Peking. Jan. 10. Practically the en
tire province of Yunnan is now in re
volt. Communication with Yunnan
has been entirely interrupted for two
days. The rebels are reported to
number nearly 50,000.
Sees War Between Sexes.
London, Jan. 10. Warfare between
tbe sexes such as has been unknown
since the days of the mythological
amazons is predicted for England after
the war 'by Prof. Marion Phillips, D.
Sc., of this city.
Pinkerton Head Dies.
Chicago, Jan. 8. Matthew W. Pink
erton, tor thirty-four years head of
the Pinkerton United States Detective
agency, died at his home here on
Thursday. H6 was born .at Mount
Eaton, O., In 1852.
Railway Earnings Increase.
Washington, Jan. 8. Railway earn
ings in November fncreased 84 per
cent over the same month in 1914, ac
cording to the Interstate commerce
commission reports made public on
BENEFIT IN DAILY TUBBING
Required for Proper Preservation of
Health ans Looks Turkish
Bath Works Wonders.
It would be wrong to prescribe hot
water baths for all the world of wom
en, for there are undoubtedly condi
tions when they would be harmful, is
the assertion made by a prominent
physician. But daily tubbing in water
of some temperature or other is re
quired for looks and health, and if
the heart is in good condition, the
benefits of the hot tub are undeniable.
So the long desd beauties of ancient
Greece and Rome kept themselves
fair, and so the beauty of today builds
up her looks when she finds they are
beginning to wane with time or a
fevered life. Weak woman anxious
for their looks crowd the Turkish
bath, boiling and steaming away com
plexion hurts, rejuvenating muscles,
lightening their bodies of superfluous
flesh, soothing their nerves. And if
they are used to such baths, or to
some other preferred kind, they feel
as fit as race horses for a Week after
ward. Some medical facts concerning the
usual effects of the hot or cold bath
give this illuminating information:
The hot bath facilitates and stimu
lates the natural combustion processes
of the body; the cold bath, to produce
the same results, lavishes just four
times the same amount of energy.
The cold bath is not sufficiently
cleansing for the health of the skin,
and when there is a predisposition to
skin troubles the chilly water tends
to increase them. The process called
"hardening," which consists in sub
mitting one's system to the shock of
cold plunges, is thought, too, .the
worst thing In the world for any but
the most vigorous constitutions.
SOMETHING TO BE ACQUIRED
Possession of Good Taste Is Almost
Entirely a Matter of Asalduoua
If we would possess good taste we
must take pains about it. We must
study models, we must follow exam
ples, we must compare methods, and
(above anything else) we must cru
cify the natural man. If there is one
thing to be dreaded in these mat
ters it is what is called the unaided
intelligence of the masses. A crudely
colored oleograph of the Albert memo
rial may give pleasure to an unaided
intelligence, but is that pleasure to
be compared in depth of satisfaction
with that which is afforded when the
educated eye feasts upon the nature
interpreting canvas of a great artist?
All, I think, are agreed about the
study of the models; of the things
which are attested . . .
We may then, I think, assume that
the best way ot telling a good book
from a bad one is to make yourself
as well acquainted as you can with
some of the great literary models. Do
not be frightened at them. They af
ford tbe widest choice; they are all
for moods. There is no need to like
them all alike Augustine Birrell.
How Land Work Affects Climate.
The character of climates is vari
ously affected by the presence or ab
sence of trees and other vegetation.
In a British association address, Sir
Charles P. Lucas noted that climates
became both hotter and colder when
the surface of the earth has been bared
by the cutting down of trees; they be
come drier or moister with the de
struction or planting of trees; and
healthfulness or unhealthfulness may
be determined by the removal cr re
taining of the forests. The Canadian
northwest is cited as an example.
Broken or plowed land does not re
tain snow and ice like the unbroken
prairie surface, but it is more reten
tive of moisture and the heat of the
sun. As a result there has been per
ceptible agricultural improvement ot
the climate, with an extension of the
wheat belt considerably farther north
than formerly. Lord Strathcona be
lieved that the rails and telegraph
lines of the Canadian Pacific railway
brought some change even before the
coming of the settlers, an increase in
dew and moisture having been quite
evident near the railway.
Sympathy Is Great Need.
A blight which often falls upon the
souls of men who have studied long
and perhaps bear learned titles is the
blight of a narrow and ungenial view
of life. They end at the barred window,
and not at an open doorway. Sympa
thy puts the crown upon the head of
the educated man. He has a fellow
feeling for all men, because his .wide
experience of life has enabled him
to understand them. Mingled in this
sympathetic attitude of the educated
man is humility, that grows out of
knowledge. He stands with Newton
on the shore, aware of the wide, un
attempted sea. He knows that the
corner of knowledge where he works,
though but a corner, is et related
to all learning and all places where
others are at work.
Censoring "Romeo and Juliet"
Speaking of "Romeo and Juliet,"
what would an official censor say of
it if it were put in the movies? Ac
cording to an amusing skit in the Mov
ing Picture World, his remarks would
"Cut out Juliet. Here is a girl just
in her teens conducting herself in a
most unniaidenly manner. . . . There
are too many street brawls. Reduce
these to a flash of about ten feet. The
board has frequently announced Its
disapproval of the administration ot
secret sleeping potions."
Money In Soiling System.
Does it pay to pasture cows? A
New York man has made money by
the soiling system, keeping his cows
np, and growing the forage to bo fed
to them green in summer and silage
Best Place for Youngsters.
Give tbe calves and young things
the warmest and sunniest corners ot
the barn. Their quarters must be
clean, dry and light, and well venti
lated, but with no draft.
Decidedly Encouraging From Ev
Speaking of conditions generally 1
Canada, the most encouraging feature
of the year, from trade and financial
standpoint haa been the bountiful
harvest of the Northwest, where
greatly Increased area under cultiva
tion has given the highest average
yield In the history ot the country. It
is estimated that the grain crop of
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
has a market value to the producers ot
approximately four hundred million
dollars, In the use of which we may
anticipate not only the liquidation of
much indebtedness, but the stimula
tion ot current trade.
The annual reports of the various
banks throughout Canada are now be
ing published. They savor of opti
mism all the way through, and, con
trary to what might be generally ex
pected in war times, business is good
The General Manager of the Bank of
Montreal at the recent annual meet
ing said: "The position of Canada is
a highly favored one, with an assured
future of growth, . development and
In the same report it is said that the
Canadian West "has recovered to a
marked extent from the economic dis
location of a year ago."
The season's wheat and other cereal
crops have exceeded all previous rec
ords In quantity and quality, and, de
spite the enormous yield, prices have
been uncommonly well maintained.
It would be difficult to exaggerate
the importance of these results to the
Prairie Provinces and the Dominion
The prosperity of those engaged in
mixed farming and ranching is most
The flour mills In Manitoba, Sas
katchewan and Alberta are busy and
are doing well. Their combined dally
capacity is about 27,000 barrels.
The large advances of the Dominion
Government to farmers in certain dis
tricts, principally in the form of seed,
were made very opportunely and have
been amply Justified by the very large
crop yield in those districts.
Business in many Important lines is
good and should continue to improve
as returns from grain yet to be mar
keted are received.
The general business outlook has
been transformed by the large crop.
The returns of the gross earnings of
Canadian railroads for November show
those of the Canadian Pacific in
creased $1,796,000 or 78 per cent for
the last nine days of the month. Com
pared with same month year ago, in
crease no less than $5,291,000 or 67.1
per cent against a 45 per cent gain in
October, and a decrease ot 4 per
cent in September.
H. V. Meredith, of the Bank of Mont
real, In a recent address delivered at
Montreal, declared that the most en
couraging feature from a trade and
finance standpoint had been the boun
tiful harvest of the Northwest, where
the greatly increased area under culti
vation had given the highest average
in history of the country. He esti
mated the grain crop of the three
provinces at a value of over $400,000,
000, and said that such remarkable re
sults would have the effect of attract
ing the tide of immigration to our
shores, when the world is again at
peace. The restoration of a favorable
balance in our foreign trade is a fac
tor of supreme Importance at the pres
It la the general opinion in the East
that the 1915 grain crop in the Prai
rie Provinces not only put the whole
Dominion in a sounder trade and finan
cial standing, but that it will also re
sult in a big increase in immigration
to thea West of agricultural settlers,
who will Include capitalized farmers
from Europe and the United States as
well as homesteaders. Advertisement.
"Declined With Thanks."
Quad Did you get a check for that
poem you sent to Blank's magazine?
Space Sure thing.
Quad How much?
Space Oh, not much only three
words written with a blue pencil.
"California Syrup of Figs" can't
harm tender stomach,
liver and bowels.
Every mother realizes, after giving
her children "California Syrup of
Figs" that this is their ideal laxative,
because they love its- pleasant taste
and it thoroughly cleanses the tender
little stomach, liver and bowels with
out griping. .
When cross, irritable, feverish, or
breath is bad, stomach sour, look at
the tongue, mother! If coated, give a
teaspoonful of this harmless "fruit
laxative," and in a few hours all the
foul, constipated waste, sour bile and
undigested food passes out of the bow
els, and you have a well, playful child
again. When its little system is full
of cold, throat sore, has 6tomach-ache
diarrhoea, indigestion, colic remem
ber, a good "inside cleaning" should
always be tbe first treatment given.
Millions ot mothers keep "California
Syrup of Figs" handy; they know a
teaspoonful today saves a sick child
tomorrow. Ask at the store for a 60
cent bottle of "California Syrup ot
Figs," which has directions for babies,
children of all ages and grown-up
printed on the bottle. Adv.
The wife of a gambler never knows
whether it is going to be a sealskin
coat or a calico wrapper tor hers.
! It's easy to see through people wha
iare always making spectacle ot then