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k nirt. -mm sinTVii'V ,
To the Legislature:
Since ;oar last meeting, abundant harvests
have rewarded the tillers or the soil, and remu
nerative employment been found at tne hand of in
dustry. The cultivated acreage of the State has
been greatly increased, with an average and an
aggregate yield of crops equal to the most fav
ored agricultural sections ef the country. The
clouds of doubt and uncertainty following the
general business disaster and loss of crops in
previous years are rapidly lifting;. Business
prudence and economy are surely working an
emancipation from the bondage of public and
private debt, so universally assumed under the
impulse of an unnatural and unsubstantialpros
perity following the late war, and, I confidently
Deiieve ,w are aoout to enter upon a peri ju in per
manent advancement in all that goes to make a
State wealthy and its citizens contented.
THE POLITICAL SITUATION.
The year Just closed has been marked by po
litical events of deep interest .to the State and
Nation. In the miattolrcjcidrgover thr suc
cessful roundlngupof the first centennial period
ol our national life, an election has been sad to
determine the policy and select the agrnts to ad
minister the Government in the immediate fu
ture. This i le.' tioji has been surrounded by cir
cumstances, influenced by acts, and its results
left in a condition of doubtand uncertainty, that
appeals to every clement of ambition and revo
lution in the breast of unpatriotic adventurers,
to such an extent as to excite alarm, if not im
peril the country. The dividing line of parties
in this contest has been more nearly the same,
in essence, as that drawn in the late contest of
arms between the defenders of the Union and the
tupporteis and sympathisers in the Rebellion,
than has characterized any previous political
contest since the termination of that bloody con
flict. This condition of things was made possi
ble by a magnanimity without reason, and an
amnesty without precedent, by which we made
haste to say that treason was not a crime to be
remembered, and traitors not men to be feared
in power. These acts were sweet to the taste of
mercy and consoling to the spirit of forgiveness,
but they have proved ashes in the mouth of wis
dom and bitterness to the soul of justice By
this mistaken action, and unreasonable confi
dence, men who but a few years ago were in
open-armod rebellion against the constituted
authorities of our Government, in a war
without historic parallel in extent and
cruelty, have found their way
back into the halls of legislation, and po itlons of
exalted executive and Judicial trusts, in the Na
tionil and State Governments. If these men,
when thus reinstated, had by their acts vindicat
ed our confidence in their returning loyalty and
love of country, itwould have been a sublime
consummation, for which the nations of the earth
have sighed in va n since human governments
were organized .But such consummation was not
posslble.because human-nature intervenes to pre
vent a conquered foe from becoming a trusted
friend. The leaders of that great rebellion may
bow in s.anly submission to the results' of a war
in which they lost every thing, but they can nev
er cease to cherish the "lost cause " as the jewel
of their pride, and the secret hope of their Inner
hearts; nor would we respect them more if they
could. The sooner we admit this great funda
mental fact, the sooner shall we lift our Govern
ment above the pei Us of rebellion and revolution ,
by keeping its control in the hands of those whose
love for its priceless blesein; is paramountto the
love of life itself. In this, as in all previous con
flicts involving the questions oft uman rights, bu
man equality, anu free government, Kansas
stands before the world in the same heroic atti
tude it has ever maintained. In its majorities
on State and National tickets, and in the almost
com tilete political unanimity of your body.it has
reafflr eu its devotion to the right and renewed
its pb-dge to sister States and the world, that it
will not be guilty of treason to the future by for
getting the bloody record of treason In the past.
The political situation of our country at this
time must excite a feeling of deep concern in the
mind of eveiy thoughtful citizen. It is too pain
fully evident that the elements of discord and
dissolution are more prevalent and active now
than following the first election of Abraham
Lincoln. But we have an anchorage of hope
now that ilid cot exist then. The Presidential
chair is filled by that General and statesman
whose skill and valor led us to victory in war,
and whose firmness and wisdom have so success
fully guided us in peace. The people look to
him confidently for a prudence, firmness and
justice which will carry the country safely
through a change of administration, surround
ed, even as it is, by hitherto unthought-ot diffi
culties. Now, too, the leaders of the rebellion,
who were tempted into the war bv the deceptive
promises of Northern political allies, to be for
saken by them when the smoke of battle came,
are not disposed to follow the same leaders into
another war, to be again left to carry itB burdens
and suffer its losses while their allies are profit
ing by the struggle in security at home. The in
stigators or a new rebellion are not the brave
actors in the old rebellion. More than this, the
Republican party does not desire, nor will it at
tempt, to enforce any thinginconsistent with the
will of the people and the interests of the Gov
ernment It will act from patriotic, not partisan
motives, and do its duty in the future as in the
past; and in this action, whether it leads us
along Uie quiet paths of peace or the rugged road
of war, it will have the supyort'of the Common
wealth of Kansas.
It is not Oeeired by tho people of Kansas that
the fartyofits choice be kept in possession of
the General Government by unfair or unlawful
means; at the same time it is the unquestioned
sense of public judgment and patriotism that not
one step tie conceded in compromise or yielded
to the intimidating talk of force. They fervent
ly pray that the discordant elements of war may
not again curse our land; but if need be to pro
tect and delend the sacrod earnings of the last
great struggle, another like it, or greater. Is ne
cessary, they will be found ready now as then
to do their duty.
STATE FINANCES AND CREDIT.
Tho reports of the State officers will be found
very clear and satisfactory to you. They Ebow
the financial condition and credit of the State to
bo of the most flittering character. Seven per
cent, currency bonds of the State are held at a
premium of seven per cent, on their par value ly
the most prudent investors. In fact it is difficult
to find holders willing to part with them, when
sought asan investment by the State, at the high
est quoted price.
The total bonded debt of the State at the com
mencement cf the last fiscal year was 1 1.38t,775.
Of this amount $150,000 became due and $119,
SXi paid during ths year, leaving a total bonded
debt December, ls76, of $1215,9:5. To pro
vide for this, wo h.ive already an accumulated
sinking fund of $ 12i.5n5.67, leaving an actual
balance of debt unprovided for of $1,113,6(9.33.
No obligation of any name or nature, tor cur
rent expenses or unbonded debt, was due from
the State at the close ol the fiscal year ending
Nov 3o, 1-76, at which date unexpended bal
ances remained in the treasury, to the credit of
the several funds, as follows: General Be venue.
$tl,St.63; Sinking Fund, $2,9W.69; Interest
Fund; $43,163.04; Annual School Fund. $39,
282.12; Permanent School Fund, $108,923 23;
University Fund. $H0; Insurance fund, $.
311.24; Military Fund, $33.3t; Insane Asylum
Fund, 20c; Railroad Fund. $2,780 67; amounting
in the aggregate to $24 1,117.14 uninvested funds
and unexpended balances.
The aggregate financial transactions of the
State for the year were as follows : Receipts from
all sources (including $123,743.(1 balance in the
Treasury Dec. J . 1S7J) . $ l ,l;533.28; disburse
ments on account'of appropriations and invest
ment of sinking and school funds, $1,099.71.24;
balance in Treasury Dec. 1. 1 i70. $:46,117.3t.
( ,Total valuation of taxable property for the
rtj-iMr, aB fixed by the Board of Equalization,'
. "VsV 33,i32,31tf.34 an increase of $19,895,737.88 In
'Gov. Anthony recommends that tho law be
amended so s to have the fiscal year begin on
the first of July, instead of the first of Decem
ber, as at present; that ail State officers and
employees be paid at the end of each month: and
that the law providing 'fiscal agency tor Kan
sas in New York" shonld be so an ended as to
relieve Treasurers lrom remitting to such agen
cy moneys for the redemption of State and school
bjnds held by the State as an investment.
It appears by the State Auditor's report that
there reaams duo trora the several counties on
account of unpaid taxes from 1:61 to and Includ
ing the year 1803, an aggregate sum of $387,-
v. va. x vk uu ixaeru ivr uiu outte oemg re
quired to assume the errors of assessment and
.U.: delay or failure in collection in the several
counties. It multiplies accounts, and renders
the Mate revenues unreliable. The State Board
of Equalization should be authorized to appor
tion to each county the sum required as its quota
of.Slate tax, and leave the county to carry Us
own delinquent list. This would not only enable
the 'State to depend with certainty upon its re
sources, but it would relieve the Assessors from
' the temptation to cut down valuations, in order
,j reduce the county's share of State taxation.
A IVet your revenue law provide for the raising
' of a given and fixed amount for the several dis
tinct purposes required, aid then direct the
Board of Equalization to appcrtion the same to
the several counties, requiring each to pay into
the treasury,) the credit of the several funds,
the amounts required for each.
PROTECTION OF SECURITIES.
The poscibilityuf trouble and loss by reason
of tbeft of securities, held by the State or any of
its institutions, should be provided against at
once. Th3 negotiable character of securities
.held by the Treasgber creates the necessity for
, the enormous boms for nearly two millions of
dollars, now required of him. Make it impossi
ble for thot e securities to be negotiated, and the
, temptation for their embezzlement or theft will
erase to exist.
This can be accomplished by a law requiring
each b''nd to be endorsed with a caution notice,
written or printed thereon, and signed by the
proper officer, to the effiet that the bond is the
property of the State, and Is rendered non-negotiable
by the act, requiring inch notice, and re
ferring to the statute. I think it will be 'found
that no man could sustain the claim of an inno
cent holder of a bond thus endorsed. The law
should require the Treasurer of the State Agri--cultural
College and all other! custodians of Scats
securities to comply at once with the provisions
of such an act.
LOCAL DEBT AND TAXATION.
The Auditor's exhibit, made up from returns
ofi"ounty Clerks, shows in tne aggregate, for
county purposes, of 31.411,311.98, for city tax
es, $3.3,0.8 S3; for township taxes. $375,371..
81, tor school district taxes; $1,4CS,S .82; to
tal, $3.8:3,786 41. Average rate percent, tax
on each $ico, $3.18. The aggregate indebted.
ness of counties in outstaading warrants, $333,-8-6.90;
In bonds, $6,O5.',744.80; total debt of
The report of yoortate Superintendent of
Public Instruction gives the aggregate amount of
the bonded Indebtedness of tcneol districts, as
$l,842,eo, which, added to the county indebted
ness, reaches a tital of $8,962,714 or local debt,
not including that of townships and cities.
I fully concur in the suggestion of the Auditor,
that Section 56. Chapter 23, of the General Stat
utes, under which these county returns are
made, tj bo so amended as to require Clerks of
cities, townships, and school districts, to furnish
each year to the Clerks of their respective coun
ties, statements of the floating aid bonded debt
of such cities, township and school districts
an abstract of such returns to be embraced in
the reports of County Clerxs to the Auditor. The
true financial condition of the State can only be
known through the agenry of such a law, and the
Legislature enabled to provide remedies for
vromrs hi our svstem of local Government.
But enough, it seems to me, is already known
to show thaiwe are Buffering from too much, not
too little government. Our system of local and
municital government is both cumbrous and ex
pensive. It provides for too many officers, and
invests them with a power to incur liabilities and
levy taxes, altogether inconsistent with economy
and safety. In pnblic buildings and public char
ities we begin where older and wealthier States
In this respect, counties, towns, and school
districts are too much like boys wearing men's
clothing, bought on credit To cut the clothes
down to a fit and pay for them, is the problem of
I think it your first duty to see if it is possible
to simplify and cheapen local government ma
chinery; to aboll'h city governments over rural
communities returning mayors, councumen,
and policemen to the field of productive industry.
How far this reform can be effected under the re
strictions of your constitution. I am unable to
say. But if the Constitution is fonnd in the way,
then provide at once for a convention to frame a
new one. No people can live and prosper under
a taxation of three to five per cent, of the value
of their property, and no power should be ere-.
atea , or aiiowea to exist, lor toe creation oi sucn
If the affairs of the State tad been conducted in
the same disregard of ultimate results that has
characterized county, township and municipal
admlnintstrhtion, the State would, to-day, have
been without hope; and I venture to say that if
the law bad as wisely fixed a limit for them , as the
Constitution has for tho State.the financial health
and vigor of the body might have been preserved
in all its members.
The people look confidently to yon for such
wise and prudent legislation as shall best serve
the accomplishment of this end. That more is
is expected of you than is reasonable or possible
for you to perform, there Is no doubt Toucan
not satisfy mortgages, cancel notes, nor relieve
your constituents from the load of obligations,
pnblic orprivate, voluntarily taken upon them
selves. These are problems of labor, not of leg
islation, an must be worked out bv the sweat of
the brow. Tou may, however, do much to pro
tect uie luiure irom a repetition oi present em
The report of the Directors and officers of your
rcuiwuuBr win iwiuuau uerewiin. l&isaiuil
and clear expose of the condition of that institu
tion. At the commencement of the year cover
ed by this report there were 379 prisoners in cus
tody, of which S44 were sentenced by state, 19
by United States, and is by military courts.
One hundred ami seventy-five have been re
ceived during the year, making a total confined
of 534; discharged during the year by expiration
of term of service, 104 ; by pardon and commu
tation of sentence, 38; removed by diath,6;
leaving in confinement November SO, 1876, 406
an increase of 27 for the year. Employment was
fouad for 250 by contractors, at 43 cents, and '0
at 50 cents per day, yielding an income to the
state of $3l,957.fO. Ihe remainder were cm
ployed by the State on buildings, labor, attend
ance, etc. The cost of maintenance has been re
duced from $ 1.93 per man per day in 1867, to 51
cents per mau per day in 1876. Expenditures
on the various accounts have been kept within
tho appropriations for ihe year, r Attention Is
called to the practice of allowing the Warden to
receive and disburxe the earnings of the prison,
and a recommendation made that a law be pasted
requiring that such funds bo coverad inio the
Treasury through the Auditor's office, in the
same manner as moneys received from taxes or
110C8E OF CORRECTION.
Humanity and the public good demand a place
of confinement, other than the Penitentiary, for
youthful criminals. Sorevoltinglaitin thejudg
ment and conscience of men to consign erring
youth.for its first proven crime.to the society and
ineffaceable disgrace of a penitentiary, that
judges and jurors can not be found to convict
when they can evade it. Prisons are not for the
punishment and moral ruin f convicts, but fur
the protection or the public from bad men made
bad, to a great degree, by its own laches. Did
law ind public sentiment do as much to protec
the morals of the youth , bv removing from them
temptation, as it does to foster the nurseries of
crime in the form of saloons, gambling-houses
and brothels, because of their value as a source
of municipal rcvcnuc.the need for houses of cor
rection would not be felt as it now is. But so long
as, for gain, we tempt our youth to debauchery
and its necessary following, crime, we
should see to it that a place be
provided for the victims of such
machinery, where they may be protected from
temptation, and, if possible, saved to society.
To meet this want, which you will at once con
cede to be an important one, without foisting
upon the State another separate institution, with
its expensive machinery, boundless ambitions
and fathomless necessities, is, I believe, within
your reach. It can be done by making it a part
of your Penitentiary, and under tho manage
ment of the same directory and officers. Pro
vide for the construction of a building and yard
adjoining or contiguous to the preseat bui ding,
but separated by solid walls ihe building may
be constructed from material on the ground, and
with the surplus labor of the prison, with great
economy. The power to run the necessary ma
chinery in shops where inmates may bo instruct
ed in trades for their honorable support when
discharged, can be taken from the prison boilers
in an inexpensive manner, as can also the means
of wanning and lighting.
The report of the Board of Trustees in charge
of the asylumB (for the Blind, the Deaf and
Dumb, and the Insane, Is herewith handed to
you. The wisdom of consolidating the manage
ment of these several charges under one Board
will be fully sustained in increased efficiency and
economy. Men entrusted -with public institu
tions are so ap- to become inspired with the am
bition to build monuments to the honor of the
State, Instead of providing in the most economi
cal and unostentatious manner for its wards,
that the less such boards we nave the better it is.
The inmates of these several institutions at the
close of the year, numbered as follows: Blind,
42; deaf and dumb. 81; insane, H9.
In calling attention to tbe past expenditures,
management and prospective wants of these in
Etitutfous,! do not desire to so treat the subject
as to dry up the fountains of public charity, or
take from those who a e made by misfortune un
willing words of the State, one comfort or lux
ury due them. I can not, however, without
criminal remissness of duty, fall to pre
sent it in a business form recognizing the
rights of the charity-giving as well
as the charity-receiving. The comparative cost,
per capita, of sheltering and sustaining tie in
mates of these institutions, in this and other
States, is nattering to us. Yet the cost of such
maintenance, when compared with that of shel
tering and maintaining the citizen and tax-pay-cr.will.I
fear, show that the recipients or charity
have a decided advantage, there ahonld lm
justice as well as charity in your acts, and whilst
uioiimigcmiuiu uaionuuaie are proviaea witn
the necessities of comfort and care, it should be
done in a manner consistent with the fact that
mousanas oi innse wno are taxed to this end
are domiciled in dug-outs," or more comfort
less shells above ground, their sick ones resting
upon pallets of straw, without the comforts com
mon to everyday life in our asylums whilst
these subjects of charity are domiciled, at a cost
et $1,060 eace, with 31 officers and attendants to
us inmates, aB in tne insane Asylmm
I regret tnat the institutions forth blind ami
deaf mutes were called asylums. They are inno
dcubv iucu, uu ucuuuiB wueresaomo, oe provided
the most complete system of instruction in
branches of education, trades and professions
best adapted to enable them to earn for them
selves an honorable subsistence. In this rera.nl
the present management ae-ms to give much
promise, ana snonia meet witn your nearly ap-
ivvju hiu cucuurarciseBL
Thatp rtionef the report relating to the Insane
Asylum reveals a condition of things demanding
at your hands a most searching scrutiny, to the
end that the State may do its full duty towards
this class of its unfortunate c tizens, and at the
same time be protected from tie eost of misman
azementandmistakennhilanthropy.Intheearlier construction of the buildings atOsawatomie there
seems to have been a criminal disregard of the
plainest rules and methods of business. Con
tracts were let on plans and specifications to
crude as to Involve a conflict, costing the State
an expensive arbitration, and the payment of
thousands of dollars in the settlement of the con
troversy. According to the report of the Super
intendent, the werk was so planned and executed
as to render the building a mere death-trap,
liable to cremate ita inmates at any moment.
Under the pressure of a necessity, claimed
to have "i grown out of , inefficiency and
neglect.'-the Trustees, have, without the least
warrant of law: removed the-originr.l .wanning
apparatus, and substituted stea-m-beatingthere-f
or, at a cost of $8,063 S3, pledging the faith of
the State for its payment. They have also as
sumed that "the Legislature had designed to
have the wing extension occupied without de
lay ," and upon, this assumption proceeded to so
fit it at an expense of plumbing material of $765,
making a total outlay of $8.838.60 -not contem
plated by any legislation , nor authorized by law,
and which they now ask you to provide for. I
do not question the good intentions of the Trus
tees, nor deny the pressing need of the work to
have been as represented. It is the law, how
ever, not good intentions, which must control
the officers of the law. I do most earnestly ask
you to enact a general lawmaking it a mlsde
meanor, punishable by adequate penalties, for
any state officer charged with the disbursments
of public moneys, to exceed an appropriation,
or disburse for any other purpose than that
clearly defined by the law.
, ," r ,iiwane raisosias. ,
In the report of the Warden of your Peniten
tiary will be found the following grave charges
against the Trustees oi your Insane Asylum:
To-wit, that the Trustees have rvpeatediv re
fused to admit insane prisoners from the Pcnl
tenUary .) ' Tdi rcin-al is in open defiance of
tt-i Plata proTjalou of jw,"s found in Chapter
101, Section 7, page 310, Session Laws of 1869.
Without discussing the merits of the ques
tion at Issue, I am compelled to say that it is no
part of the duty of aa oDeer to apologize for a
law he has voluntarily sworn to execute, much
less to denounce it aa a "bM upon our statute
books ," and refuse to enforce its plain mandates.
Such disrespect for law and disregard of official
obligations, impairs the dignity and integrity of
the civil service. -The only means of determin
ing the merits of a law is ita rigid .enforcement
by executive officers.
The school population of the State, as shown
by the report of your State Superintendent of
Public Instruction, is 212,977, ol which 117,231
are found on our school rolls, and 89,096 in aver
age attendance. The 'disparity between the
number enrolled and the number in attendance
is readily accounted for by reasons other than
neglect ofparents or want of interest with the
young. The enrollment embraces all from the
age or 8 to 21 years. The necessities of parents
and children force abandonment of the school
house for the field and workshop at an average
age of not more than 15 years.
The esteem in which public schools are held is
shown in the fact that 4.635 pupils only are found
enrolled in private schools. Total number of
teachers employed in public schools male, 2,
402; female, 3,174; total, 5,376. Average wages
paid teachers permonth male, $33.66; female.
$27.(3. It is safe to aay that the talent engaged
is equal to the pay received, and that the order
of talent will keep pace with the advance of com
pensation. The school property of the State is
valued at $4,W0,2J9, consisting of 3,881 school
bouses (of which 195 have been built the current
year), value, $4,167,943; school furniture,
$367,532; school apparatus, $55,115; school li
braries, $9,9J4; volumes, 9,614.
xne magnitude oi nnanciai transactions win
be appreciated on examination of the following
Receipts. Balance In district treasuries,
$ 214 ,9-8.47; am tint received for teachers' wages ,
$74,751.68; amount received from contingent
fund. $83,711 U; amount received from county
school fund, $21,305.10; amount received from
State school fund, $124,773.77; amount received
from site and building fund, $'7,18.Ki; amount
received from library fund, $1,187.95; amount
received from sale of bonds, $84.71 .2i; amount
received from other sources, $91,784.71; total,
Expenditures Amount paid for teachers'
wages, $743,578.03; amount paid to superintend'
ent of graded schools, $8,191.12; amount paid
for rents, fuel and Incidentals, $206,519.84;
amount paid for text-books, $7,330.19; amount
paid for library, $2,342.83; amount paid for
maps and apparatus, $10,700.36; amount paid
for sites, buildings and furniture, $183,970.31;
totsl, $1,165.6:8 80 leaving a balance in the
hands of district treasurers, July 31, 1876, of
No reports have come to band of these institu
tions, and nothing can be said of their condition,
more than that the preceding Legislature refused
to make the necessary appropriation f er their
continuance after the close of the last school
I esteem this subject one of paramount im
portance in connection with your public school
system. The training of teachers is to common
schools, what seed time is to harvest. Toucan
not reap where you bare not sown.
Adequate appropriations should bemade tore
vive these schoolB, but so guarded as to make it
imposribloforthemtobe dwarfed into primary
schools on the one hand, or into classical institu
tions on the other. They should admit only such
students as have already the necessary education
for teaching, who should there receive the train
ing necessary to make such education of the
greatest practical value in the profession of
teaching. Instruction in the art of teaching is the
admitted purpose of these schools. Let them be
held to a fulfillment of such obligation.
CXIVERSITT AND AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.
The University and Agricultural College are
each giving promise of accomplishing that which
will give renown to this State, if sustained by
wise and prudent aid and sympathy They rep
resent the whole rouriH or proiensional and tech
nical education, and so long as this class of train
ing is held to be a legitimate tax upon the public,
it is your duty to do all that is needful to perpet
uate and perfect them.
The Superintendent of Insurance furnishes a
supplemental report covering the period from
date of annual report required by law in July, to
December 31, l7rf. containing an exhibit of the
business of his office for the calendar year end
ing at that date. Your attention is called to its
statements and recommendations.
This department was organized in the interest
and at the instance of the insurers, and is. there
fore, rightfully sustained at the cost of the in
surance companies. Inasmuch , however, as the
expense of the office must ultimately come from
the coffers of the insured, in the forms of premi
ums, it is but just that it be governed by the
strict rules of economy, and a tax be laid on the
companies interested sufficient only for its neces
sary current expenses. I am unable to see any
demand in ihe duties of this office for a higher
order of talent, or a more thorough business
training, to qualify its Superintendents, than is
required in the important office of Aud-tor and
Secretary of State; nor do I recognize the pro
priety of his compensation being made larger by
youbecauccitispaldby companies instead of
tax-payers, and 1 recommend a reduction of the
salary of that rfflcer accordingly.
Gov Anthony expresses his opinion that, un
der the existing law, this department is o: but
little value to the State He thinks that cver-fn-surance
is the canse of much willful destruction
of property, and suggests the passago of a law,
which shall compel every fire insurance company
doing business in this State to make it a plain
contract provision of every policy that no mere
than 7 per cent, of the proved loss of property
under it shall be paid.
REVISIONS OF STATUTES.
. The last revision of your State statutes was in
18G8. That revision is out of type, and the pub
lished edition of it is substantially exhausted, as
will be seen bv reference to the report ot your
Secretary of State . Since that publicatlen laws
have been enacted from year to year some of
them repealing portions of the General Statutes,
and others inconsistent with portions thereof,
until, to get a knowledge of the law, as it cxisti,
requires a careful, examination of the General
Statutss and or the eight volumes of Session Laws
enacted since. It is not straago that diverging
and incongruous laws should have found their
way into your system of statutes, renderingtheir
present condition the reverse of legislative wis
dom, which would write all laws in terms so
clear that to read would be to understand.
To meet an imperative demand, you should
provide for the publication of a compilation , or a
revision of existing statutes . I recommend the
latter as the most valuable and economical
I believe it both wisdom and economy to provide
a commission to revise, or codify, the laws, as
you may determine, and get along as best we can
for the two year's delay incident to the work, its
adoption and publication.
STATE ARXS. --
By an act of Cengress passed July 3, 1876,
the Secretary of War was authorized to issue to
certaia Western States therein named, of which
Kansas was one, eae thousand stand of arms
each. These arms were not t be charged to
the States receiving them, but the Governors ef
each States were required to execute a bond to
the General Govern . ent conditioned that such
arms should be returned at any time when re
quired. There was no law authorizing the
Governor el Kansas to execute a bond as re
quired by this act of Congress. The Secretary
of War. however, consented to turn the arms
over upen the execution of a bond by Governor
Osborn, and bis assurance that be would en
deavor to have the Legislature ratify bis action.
The arms are now in possession of the State, and
it is due to the late Governor that prompt ac
tion be had by you. If. in the judgment of the
Legislature, the arms should be retained, an act
should be passed ratifying the action of the Gov-
ernnor in receiving them and giving bond
therefor. Without such action I shall feel it my
duty to cause the return of the arms and the can
celation ot his bond. . ... - -
THE DEATH. FEN ALTT.
iThe act approved March 2, 1872. which is the
existing law governing the punishment of capital
offenses, seems to have been the culmination of
an effort .to abolish the death penalty without
seeming to do so. That a divided seniment ex
ists as to the right, as well as to the exp-dlcncy
of this form oi punishment, U well understood,
and I deem if your duty to clearly express the
-sentiment ot the people in an amendment to ex
istlng.acts, by i abolishing the death penalty, or
restoring it as a mandate of law, subject only to
conditionsof the pardoning power. It may be
wise to invest the Executive with the power to
stay a death sentence, or conimuteitto imprison
ment, on evidence in mitigation elicited subse
quent to trial and conviction ; but to allow him to
order men bung, whose intended and expected
punishment was imprisonment for life, is too
much discretion. The existing law is too apparent
as one of evasion, to be .consistent with the
manliness and moral courage of the body of
me people oi nansas. it snouid DC amende J,
as above indicated, at once.
PRICE RAID. CLAIMS.
fGov. Anthony gives a detailed account of the
various steps heretofore taken to adjudicate the
Price raid claims, and recommends that a com
mittee of, the Legislature be appointed to make a
fan investigation of the matter, "and 'that pro
vision be made i or liquidating all outstanding
claims. I , ;- ; : I j
' - rnnwiniTinwi -w
There is. whether Inst or not. a widespread
feeling of dissatisfaction with the railroad cor-
Fioratlonsof the State, on account ot alleged un
ulfilled obligations on their part. It is claimed
that these corporations "reeefved valuable" fran
chise privileges, most of them sharing in the. di
vision oi a nan muuon acres oi state internal
Improvement lands, and receiving large contri
butions of local aid upon their lines in county,
township and citv bonds: that thesa valuable
rights and franchises were bestowed on condi
tion, and in consideration, on the part of the
State and people, that companies so chartered
and aided should build upon tne'llnes, aad op
erate their roads, in good faith, between the ter
minal points named in tneir respective cnartcrs.
By such construction and operation of these rail
ways, it is claimed, the State was to get its re
turn for the various and valuable considerations
given therefor, In a more rapid settlement by ,
immlaration. and a building on of towns anil 1
cimtbhi un iKuvouiacrcutrmiKn muiiauio
borders of the State
Some of tbes companies, it is asserted, have
not built upon the lines, nor canted their roads
to connect and be operated between and to the
eoints stipulated. Others have complied by
sliding span their chartered Uses, hot tare
evaded the essence ot their obligations by-the
construction or leasing! ot ostensible branches,
and then making such branches the mala lines
of operation, to the cost aad loss of the State,
and the localities giving aid for the original line.
Also, that these roads are owned by and man
aged in the interest ot non-residents, di-erim-inatmg
against the State by placing their general
offices and other important adjuncts ot their
roada beyond the borders of the State, greatly
to the detriment ot ita people, in the loss of pres
tige, taxable property and general property.
This public sentiment found expression In
" An act to define the duties of corporations.
Chanters. Sneeial Session. Laws of 1375. pro
viding that the general offices of such compa
nies oe aeps ana mamxninnn wiuuo iuo owo,
and providing further, that a failure or refusal
on the part of any of said companies to comply
with the provisions of this act for a period of six
months, should work a forfeiture of charter to
companies failing erjrefusing compliance."
This law. like too manv ethers, baa remained
a dead letti r for the want of public sentiment, or
proper officers to secure its'enforcement. It
should be repealed by you , or so amended as to
provide adequate means for testing its disputed
validity. Laws of this nature will never be cn
forced so long as prosecutions under it are left to
local officers an i county cost. Nothing could be
more unfortunate than to antagonize the State
and these coroorations bv raising unlust and un
tenable issues with them. Their interests are
closely Interwoven with those of the State, each
uepenaiag suDstaniiauy upon me same eiemenia
for prosperity. Each .railroad, company is an
immigration agency, doing a State work of Im
measurable value for us as well as for themselves.
This class ot property represents $16,197,311.78
of the taxable property, and pays one-eighth ot
the taxable proneriv of the State. Their present
owners in many instances are not the men who
were guilty of the misrepresentation incident to
the procurement of mueiof the local-aid bonds
which now so burden the communities issuing
them. In fact, these local bonds never formed an
imrortar.t part ot the construction fund of
the roads. They went into the pockets of
irancnise uroaers, attorneys anu outers,
who never had other interest in the roads
or the State than that represented by their, share
in these bonds, and some of these are now fore
most in telling the people bow they have been
swindled and ruined by these soulless corpora
tions. In order to settle all controverted points
now in dispute as to the chartered obligations of
these corporations, I urge the passage ot a law
which shall clearly and fully embody a demand
upon these companies for a recognition of the
obligation held by you to be due from them to
tne state, witn adequate provision lor us en
lorcementbv the State authorities. Ibis adiu
dication should be as welcome to' tho companies
as to the people settling, as it will, relations
mat cnouiu not oe disturbed ny vital or prolong'
ed differences. --: -
AUDITOR'S REGISTER OF SECURITIES.
An act should be passed providing for a com
plete registry with the Auditor of all bonds and
coupons held by the Treasurer as an Investment
of the school and ether permanent funds. 1 his
is the only means ot providing a check npon the
collection of interest lequired for the protection
of the Suite, and the preservation of a system of
accounts necessary between the offices of Auditor
and Treasurer. It should not be possible for any
moneys to pass into tho Treasury without the
cognizance oi me Auuitor.
In the Auditor's report of the condition of the
Treasury at the close of the last fiscal year, ap
pears an item of SCO counterfeit money held aB
an asset of the State. On inquiry I find that this
currency has been handed down from incumbent
to incumbent for some time, instead of being re
jected and held as a liability ot the outgoing
officer. The present Treasurer is in no way re
sponsible for its possession by the State, having
only been in error when receipting for it, and
Is entitled in justice to relief therefrom. I would
rcspecuuuy tugged an act providing ior me re
lict of the Treasurer, and the destruction of the
currency, unless it bo retained as evidence to
sustain a suit against the officer liable to the
state tor tne amount it represents.
INVESTMENT OF FUNDS.
Additional suggestion is rtouiredin relation
to the investment of the school and sinking
funds. The limitation to the purcnaso of State
and United States bonds for the permanent
MHiooi iunu works an impairment oi mat iunu to
tne extent of tho premium paid ihcrcon. and
this is in contravention of the State Constitution,
Section 3, which declares that this fend
"shall not be diminished." Tho com
mission have failed to invest
over $100,000 the past year, and it now remains
w linoui interest in tne treasury, i can not jus
tify these officers in declining to follow the plain
letter of the law, leaving to the courts the qui s
tion of its constitutionality. It is very apparent,
however, that their action was dictated by the
best of motives. I believe the law should bo so
amended aa to allow the purchase of school and
county bonds ot Kansas, wnen tne legality anil
rpmil.intrnrRiir.h ixauea are found in hA nnnnea-
lioned. There is no more good sense in refusing
to buy more ot these securities, because forged
anu spurious ones nave been once uougnt, man
would exist for refusing to receive money be
cause once deceived with its counterfeit. Not
less than $ rjCtt) of this fund will be idle in the
Treasury bv February 1st proximo, unless the
present commission invest under the existing
law Deiore in t date.
The restrictions upon the Commissioners ottho
Sinking Fund confining the purchase ot State
bonds at par should be removed. It is much
more economical to redeem our own bonds at
their current value as rapidly as the sinkingfnnd
accumulates, tnan 10 invest mat iunu in a nign
premium, low interest bond, and submit to aloss
of interest difference.
The subject of immigration is one of more vital
crnscaucnco to vour State than anv. if not all
others. Upon immigration we must look for
relief from the heavy taxation assumed in
building railroads. State, county and municipal
buldings; and educational appliances, equal to a
population many times as large as tne one we
have. It is Uie wealth we are to receive in taxa
ble property brought here by immigration, and
not wealth to be earned here, that we must look
to for a rapid reduction of the rate of taxation,
and a lessening ot all public burdens.
The property gain of immigration, however,
is not its main nor its most importaat feature.
The chief clement of progress and power in a
State, is men, and the measure of character
possessed by the men brought here by our induce
ments for immigration, will fix the measure ot
the honor and power of the State. True, num
bers are valuable, but character is indispensl
ble; and. so far as it is in our power to choose,
we should secure, by immigration, men and
women who will, by mental, moral and educa
tional fitness, give steadiness as well as
momentum to our growth as a State.
To accomplish this, the attractions fof
climate, productiveness ot soil, and promlto of
grain, must be supplemented by evidence of an
existing civilisation, cherished and represented
by those we most need andVant. There are to
day enough of the very best citizens ef the older
States of our own country, who, if they but knew
or the advantagesof Kansas and its freedom f rem
the crudeness of civilisation they have been
trained to believe atcocsfary condition ot afnew
State, to swell our population far above a mil
lion before the close of the present decade. This
class of people will be of us aa soon as they are
with us. Our language, habits, schools and
churches will be to them an immedate bome.and
their assimilation be so rapid and so complete as
to cause not the least jar of discord. To accom
plish this desirable end is comparatively Inex
pensive, ano tne oest means at command is a
prolongation and widnlng of the work of your
State Board or Agriculture. Its collections and
collations ot industrial statistics, in the form of
a year book, has done more to plaoe Kansas in
the fore, front of new States than any other one
thing. i ,
The exposition of 'your State at the Centennial
Exhibition at Philadelphia was but a part ot
this work. It was not the cereals, the minerals
and woods ot Kansas that attracted the attention
and excited the admiration of the represent
ativesot' all nations, making every American
citizen feel that the victory of Kansas was a na
tional boaor. It was the boldness of conception,
the daring -of purpose, the intelligent and ar
tistic arrangement, which shed so bread a light
npon the manhood and culture of Kan
sas as to force a conviction , .up
on all, (spectators, that ta people
whose representatives could provide for, -aad
whose agents could execute, such an undertak
ing, owned a country wherein it was good to
uweii. xne wore wiuDeieit ior. years, and
need only be supplemented ca the-part of the
State by an iatellixeat and exhaustive collection
of current facts of interest to the home-seeking.
It is not necessary that the State provide for an
extensive publication of these statements. It
need only give them, properly authenticated,
and the press of. the country,. with the aid of
large landholders of the State.-will give them
world-wide currency. - .n.. o.
PUBLIC LANDS. r .
I have had under advisement the condition ef
your school lands, complicated by a decision of
tte State Supreme Court deelarinir them tanhla
from date of sale contract, with the purpose of
laying Deiore you toe iacts, witn recommenda
tions Time doe not admit ot such presentation
at this time. It will be brought to your notice
in a special communication atan early day.
In conclusion, I beg to urge upon you the im
portance of an early framing and consideration
of all important legislation, that it mar not be
defeated for wairt'cf adequate timeor '.defective
from inconsiderate action. Tarn satisfied that
your. State officers hare no other, motive than
the public good to the xeeommssldatlona and
estimates tary place before you. It is
d ue to the heafisU the several Bute departments
that you give them a respectful hearing. They
will, I know.-most cheirrully join -you in every
effort to secure the maximum of efficiency and
the minimum of expenditure la all departments
of the Administration .
Geo. T Axthont
Executive Department, Topeka, Kansas, Jan:
r A SHRKWD tramp made $10 in New
London, Conn., pretty- easily the other
day, by calling on an old lady who had
fractured a limb, and representing him
self as a bone-setter from afar who had
been sent for to .prononnce npon ' ihe
local surgeon's operation in tne case.
He calmed the old lady with assurance
that the fracture was mending properly,
pocketed his fee, and left. When the
real bone-setter appeared the fraud
ww discoyered, - "
"A sad example of the fatal nature of
diphtheria has 'just occurred in Paris.
A whole family, consisting of father
and mother and two children, were at
tacked with it,and carried oil in a short
time. Dr. Regnault, who- attended
them, caught the malady, and in spite
of the care of one of his colleagues. Dr.
Biset, died also in 21 hours'. Dr. Biset
was then attacked in his turn, and he
iro suqas or ivxad ob sulphur.
Tun's Balr Dye contains neither, or any thing
else injurious. No bad odor, harmless as mountain
spring water; easily applied and acts instantly.
More of it used than all others combined. 18 If ar
ray Street, KewYork.
Recommend It Heartily.
Dear Sir I have taken several bottles ot your Via
btixe. and am convinced I Is a valuable remedy for
Dyspepsia. Kidney Complaint, and general debility ol
lean heartily-recommend It to all snferlng from
381 Athens street.
Rufaufrr 'I iisisiut ui StciioMuiters Cu'le,
Is the most complete and compact hand-book aver
pnhlnihed on this subject. It contains the resalts of
more than 23 years' experience at roadmuter: Is writ
ten in a clear and attractive style: gives mlsate di
rections for laying, repairing and bsllatUnc track,
building cattle-guards, cnlveru, turn-outs, eta, and
disctuues all parts of the road and section misters'
work-pointing out both the rtyat and the wroaf
mAaaress TBI RAILROAD OAZKTTK.
TtJsckson street. Cuicaza .
The Catechism of the Locomotive
Is an elementary treatise on the Locomotive, written
m tne form or questions sad snswers. The book con
tSlnOBpsgisndai engrjvinzs. Including- is fall
racrolstcs of different stvle of locomotive.
7 Jackson street Chlcaitl
LIVER Dl-.(SE and Indl
Kvstlon trevall In a sriater
ezieat than prohtnly ny
other malady, and tell t Is
xl-avs anxiously souxtt af
cd In its action, bealtli Ja si-mo-t
lnvarliblv Eccnral. in
dljtcjtlon or want of action In
tne uvrr cai.en iicinacne.
Constipation, Jaundlc. Pain In the shoulders,Ccugli,
Dizziness, Sour Htumacb, ba 1 taste In the month,
bilious attacks, palpitation of the htart, depression
of spirits, or the blues and a hundred other lymp
tonis. SIMMONS' L1VKK RVUULATOKlstl.ebest
rtnii ily that has ettr been discovered lor tbeie ail
ments. 1 1 acts mildly, effectually, and, hlnf a sim
ple verclalilc compound, can do no injury In any
nuantlilis that It maybe taken. It is harmless In
ie y ttat: It has been for forty years, snd hundreds
of the Rood and (treat from all pans or the country
will vouch for itsvlrtuts. vlx: Hon. Alexander H.
Stevens, of Georgia; Blskop Pierce, of Georgia; Jno
GIII Shorter, Ex-Oovernor ot Alabama.
Gen. John H.nordon
1L L. M ottif Colnm-
bus, Oa , are anion
the hundreds ta
whom we can refer.
Price, SJI.eo. lly
FOB SALE BT ALL DhUoOIiTS.
Extract ot a letter from Hon. Alexander H.
Stev is, dated March 8, 1872: "I occasionally
use. when my condition r qnlreslt, Dr.8lmmons
Liver Regulator, with (rood effect. It Is mild, and
suits me better than more active remedies.
AN EFFICACIOUS REMEDY.
"lean recommend s
disease or the Liver,
I Heartburn, and Uvsnep-
Isut, Simmons1 Liver
I Regulator. l-ewl O.
I Wander, Chief Clerk
IPclladelDbla Post Of-
lOaTxUrn.tt&.CiswaSvaueatMri'. J - ?--'
ta. asntawtauc SMltr-gcnvhsVtCaiaas,ia.
GENTS wanttd,on salary or commission. New bus
iness. Address J. B. atsssey A Co., St. Louis, Mo.
C-Eir 3 jcWMaWesktoAesan. Samples FRR.
COD kO((F.O. V1CKKUT, Aagusta. atsln.
fa 9 Beat thing for AGENTS. J. Latx
IvT AMC0.4U Wash. 6L. Boston. Mass.
OnTFITFRKE. Best chance yet. Write st once
to F. N ASON ft CO- 111 Ksssan fct,. New i ork.
ftOC 1 I1IV to Agents. Sample free. 32-pace
9C0 fl UH I catalogue. L. Fletcher.ll Dey-st.N.Y
nnnsPsy. BOWTOUAKBIT. SnuOtnairtm
DCUCIflHC No matter how slightly disabled. In
rcnalUFIacreascsnowpsld. Advice and circu
lar free. T.MclIicaaxuAttr-'anEaasom-tt.Plilla-Pa.
STAMMERING CURED a&l"' ro?
scription. address SIMPSO.1 Si CO.. BoxSOTS. N.T.
Men to tell to Merchant.
fin Amnnth A tr&vl sex
I si oensea nald
oensea nald. liem site. Co-&rLomsJf o
with atasetl A lev CaeeB
logua and samples FRKL
Sf OCA A Month. Agents wanted. 36 best
39VteIllsgsrtlelesln the world. One sample
tree. Address J AY BBOK8QW. Detroit, Mich.
Made by one Agent In S7 days. 13 new
articles, t-amples rree. Aaiiress,
fl1 WATCHES. Chsapett to tteknowi
lv aC world. Ganpie vatdt cad nlJUfruto AgaUs.
I iniPfi Be sample boa or The Great Circassian
kftUISvOi Secret the moat eleiant fact rjowder in
use-sent free, for only SIS cents. Address Jas. M.
IIURDY, Chemist, J26 Walnut Street, St. Louis, Mo.
tea BaaloeM Ooll. Kvsutoa, lit. -Mai fur dreslar. B
MWe will start yea In a business you esa
mske sal a week at. without cestui, easy
llfiHCV S respectable for el'ber tex. AOKHTav
UHCI SUPPLY CO.. Ml Bowery, New York.
UfUinVft fiCQIinUQ OnlyeomnleteedltlAn.
mllUIII O OCtlivlUriO.lfJ.USTKATED.Cut
sella ANT BOOK ever nrlnted. Price. 83 -M. A rents
send for terms. MorrjrD CTTTIFllB.,Ouvr8i.-Lml.
IVIHS PATENT HAIR CAMPERS.
Adopted by all the Qneena or Fashion. Send for circu
lar. K. It ins. I,o Ha N. Fifth Sl Philadelphia. Pa.
tRil 1 WFFIf MALE OR FEMALE. TToespt.
BU A HEUV tat. We adve Steady work thai
will bring yon SSM a month at home, day or evening,
la vaa-roia Uaiox. lis Greenwich street. New York.
lDII INI No wabUettv. TUia she
swa svlWl Terms moderate. LOSI tsmise
aiais. iMsenM esse. or. w. a Jaarsa, isamer.
sra aad plean
Warn feT. mala snd female, attmtss
awwfatiMaMf. hnifnesa honorahfa
aad nleasase. aJaiaat aarfaNar. Commlasloua oa
sales, and ACjrwestaee pais by ike MCMjIsTMM
aiaa)aawarsnw vv, mcinaan, tww.
or their tout wanted this fall and
linltr, ( 1 orZlneaeli Co. to tell
to the farmers in tbflr own coaatits. Bnainctf pleasant, prv
atscood. Particulars tne. 1. VVoaxn. St.LuuIr.lIa.
- Tike 3tn-m Atmtrtem tm tur rTesssna."
W IMTCII AGBHTStosellmy new aad very
HAN I Clf a attractive book. " frwwsesa
Ma Centura" A tun chance for flrst-claas can
vassers: nothing; like it: meeting with splendid suc
cess. B.B.BTJSSXLL, Publisher. Boston. Mass.
pLOClTriOSIST'S JOURNAL rlvacbnlesst
sXt standard and current pieces for professional and
santcor Readers snd Speakers. Jnl the ttttstm
mmsuesJ. Mammoth size, only -to oemtm a as em1.
Elagle coplea or .Newsdealers only.
JESSE UAKE Y & CO. lit Nassau St, Sew Tot.
6-Cuif Da. J. P. Fitlxx, brucsworn.says: Igrad-
mm, ( IJttt ta hrtM. afe Uti kn iMMl aiMM
I.. .-.M rrt- ajWT.rtn invltai. CJW. mU
LtittFU. I svit ari&NM km r rrnkm..
mmmMl3lAtm aa r MU. I ami Da. flTUS.
at rauaaaja. awMUJiasxiJawwai9.
" mh. cuardlns; ttia Malls, a waa
lIPRVinr aaaStrfal Uk lbs PMKlM f Pastal
IfiM. trials CaWf SMclal Ami WV
DUSTHi, OILMAIt A CO, UHlsW,CX,
nacia-wW, m, aaaaaataa.Tfc
SAXESMXtT to trares sat sea to
Dealers our Unbreakable or En-
Glass lama Cblmnrrs. Monitor
emery Darners, Axiomatic cinnruisn-
ere. Lamp Goods, etc.; S1.SSS at year, hotel and
traveling expenses paid to good men. KorxoDLiio.
Vorlak. Best aellinjc goods la the American market.
B. H. ROBB 3s COW ClSCtNHATI, OHIO.
AG EST WASTED tar the HKW
Gives full Information on all kinds of Farm work.
Drainage. Fertilizers. Hotatloni of Crops, and Farn
Stocli. Includes a most taluable and practical trc-itle
on llonse-bulldlng. and bvoX of Lrol forms and Laws
for tSTa,rji. TAft'ia-t raianbs .ri,ai'' wi tttr
pultaktd. For till dcscrlp'lon an.l teruis, stiilrest
ONE TuOUSlND PAGES.
Price, Five Dollars. -
GEO. P. R0WELL & CO.,
AU HTiTSBH BHSJ,
CONTAINS A COMPLETE LIST
OF NEWSPAPERS ANO PERI
ODICALS IN THE UNITED
STATES, TERRITORIES, AND
DOMINION OF CANADA, AR
RANGED ALPHABETICALLY BY
TOWNS, CIVMC NAME, DAYS
OF ISSUE, POLITICS, OR GEN
ERAL CHARACTER, FORM,
SIZE, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE
PER YEAR, DATE OF ESTAB
LISHMENT, EDITORS' AND
PUBLISHERS' NAMES. AND
The Object of the AVERICAH NKWSPAPKB DI
RECTORY la not very dlflarem from that of the well-
known mercantile agendas which exist la all leading
cities. The latter keep their subscribers lnfonned of
likely to have
ierehv to ao rnralatc those tranaaetfona aa to secure
probably profitable dealings, or to avoid anch aa will
oe u&eir io reauit in uuimaic aunovauce or loss.
The DIRECTORY coaveys the beat obtainable In
formation concerning the character and value of
newspapers. Ita patrons are the men who expend
money In advertising (a large and Important class),
snd It la from them that the publishers of the Dl
KECTORV.ln their capacity of advertising agents,
derhe their profits and support. It Is to them, snd
not to newspaper publishers, that they owe the duty
or faithful service. The theory that sdrertlslnK agen
cies are the servants of newspapers, and should ad
vance their interests first, la annihilated by the sys
tem long adopted by pnbllshera, almost without ex
ception, or Ignoring any Idea' of protecting the so
called agency and of maintaining the right to appoint
competitors In the same field without the consent of
those already occupying It.
As -rnz most un-on-rjUT roB-nox or tub ixros-
MJlTIOXSUri-LIin BT AUXSCAHTILX AOZXCTCOX-
sum or a nxroET or tub- riaaxcisL rraxxGTH or
TBI riXSOX ABOUT WHOSt MrOBXATlOST IS ASKXO,
so ib tux cikculatiox or a sxwspatxx oxaxxAtv
J.T cossiDxxxn tux roixT urox which ixfokwa-
TIOX WILL BX OF XOST VALUX TO TUB AOVXaTlSXB.
There are, among merchants, some who deny the
right or a mercantile agency to Inquire Into their pri
vate affairs, and who decline glvuuc any Information
upon which a report maybe based; but the mercan
tile agency doea not, on that account, neglect to make
a report. It gets from other sources the best obtaina
ble Information, and upon this its estimate la baaed,
although tt cannot be denied that the reticence of the
Krty In question la almost always attributed to a
owledge upon his part that a true report would be
prejudicial to Ids credit. The report made la, there
fore, likely to be less, favorable than it would nave
been had the Information asked for ocen cheerfully
aMfra&Uv tarnished. uu
8o a&ot here are among newspaper publishers some
who deny the right or any one tolnnnlre Into their
aflalra. It has been the policy or the DIRECTORY to
omit all Information about circulation whenever
plainly and unequivocally commanded to do so. In
such cases the matter Is disposed ot by annexing to
the report the words. eW,-cis to stating emulation."
In every case where the above command is not plaln-
Sand nnennlvocally conveyed to the publishers of
e DIRECTORY, they makeup their report In the
manner panned by the mercantile agencies in .esti
mating the financial strength of a merchant, and. like
the Institutions referred to, they decline to reveal the
sources from which they have obtained their informa
tion. It Is undoubtedly true that no publication or this
character is privileged, sad that In an Instance where
a merchant or a newspaper Is seriously Injured
by an unjust or materially incorrect report, the courts
famish a remedy, aad both mercantile agency and
Directory publisher will be held responsible for ac
tual damage shown to accrue to an Injured party from
a report proved upon trial to have been erroneous.
This Is a liability which the publishers of the DI
RECTORY cannot escape: It Is therefore one which
they hold themselves st All times ready to meet.
The greatest possible care la taken to make the DI
RECTORY reports accurate. Every publisher laan
filledtoveryayitematteally. All Information ta Ultra
n a form whlrh excludes aay but definite statement
which cannot be misunderstood, while every effort Is
made to protect honest publishers against such as
would resort to lying or perjured reports to gala an
It baa rjreiv been found that a cause of compbtlat
baa arisen asalnatanv renort which has anneared In
either of the eight annual volumes ot the DIRECTO
RY sireiav lasnea. wrien nas not resturea eiinerrrom
the i t-eleet of the nnhusber to resnond to anneals far
Information, or an effort on bis part to substitute oth
er snd different Information. Instead of answering the
plain quesnona upon ine Dianas lurmanea lortne pur
pose from the DIRECTOBT office.
PUBLISMEM8, Of NEWSJPATBBS
AMKBVPPLIED WITM m BLANK.
WHICH TAKES THE FOLLOW-
ISO CONCLUSIONS FOB. GRANT
Every publisher ' either willing or uawming Sa
ba re his circulation published In the Directory.
If anv Publisher Is unwilling to have his etrenlatlan
published, the Directory owes It to Its patrons to state
why the Information Is withheld. This Is done by In
If wOlftM to hare his true circulation given, a pub-
naner wui aeaire tnat none out true cuvmationa snau
be pubUahed far competing Journals.
That none bat true circulations may be published.
It is necessary that none bat explicit statements be ac
A statement Intended to convey explicit Information
most he so worded as to prevent the possibility of lot
meaning being misconstrued.
That none but tree sad explicit statements may be
accepted from others, every publisher will see the ne
cessity of giving his own In regular form. ir at alL If
one Is allowed to vary the form a Utile, another may
vary aa .much. possibly a little more. IX none vary It,
The blank Is entirely mnobjeetlonahle to those who
pssrajs to furnish fall aad expUdtlaformatlon.
From persons who srenot willing" to furnish aa ax
nioir atatatntat, any other wouldhe worse than nse-
. ' 11. " . ' 3 ..
Te persons who decline .making aay statement, the
fora adopted Uu unobjectionable as any other. -i
I r - '" ' i
. - -A-JaWSA-AA. ,
.If a pabUsaer neglects to make any statemest of
circulation, bla Indloerence will not excuse the pah
Ushers ot the Dtrectorr tor Imperrecrloas In their
book. For all such eases the editor of the Dtrectorr
has lastractloBj to estimate the circulation lrom aaca
lalstawMlea as may a open to aim.
Thenrectoryestlmstea Sxw drcalatfoa of no news
paper nntll after aa application has beta made tolls
nabllsher for the aetnml flawraa. maA' anatrtaar siau
allowed for the stafsmeut to come to aaatLaadjach
BECTOBT who does not desire to Impress tbepubllo
tint his edition Is greater than It la In reality. -
J Tne reason aametlnMa dvaa Ihr Mt eaririaiiiit
an authoritative statement of circulation for pub
lication In the AMEKICAN" XKWgPAPXB DfBSC-
TOUT la that many advertisers believe the drcalaUoa
to be greater than It really la, snd that this advantage
to the publlsbar would beloat if aetaal BMW skoaM
aataoritastvely he made known. , .
In addition to the above fnfhrmaafcm tb Ainnrv.
CAN NEW8PAPEB sntECXDBT contains claattSaS
Dsts, as follows: T " -
PERIODICALS FUBLtSHnro OVER S,(BB COPIES
EACH ISSUE: KKUOIOU8 NBW8PAPKR8 AND
PEKIODICALS: KEWSPAPEKS AND PERIODI
CALS DEVOTEriTO AOBICtrLTnRE.HOBTICtrL.
TUUEAND STOCK-RAISING; MEDICINE AND
'AND INSTRUCTION OF CUILDBEKt
ANVX; COhUIEllCK AND i FTN ANCAlNSUE.
ANCK, REAL ESTATaSCiXNCE AND MECHAN
ICS. LAW. SPORTS, MU8IC. FASHIONS r ALSO.
NEWSPAPEB8 P1UNTKD WHOLLY OBIN PABT
IN TUB GERMAN. FRENCH,! SCANDINAVIAN.
SPANISH. HOIXANDiaHITAIJAN, WEIAH.
BOhWUN. JinTIGUask, Pnt.igg awp'tftf
OME THOVSANI PAIES.
Prict?, FIVE DOLLARS.
GEO. P. ROWELL 4b CB.?
Setvp$per A&wrtlting Agents),
. rr Mw, Mm Vff fh
Sal Saaas. t aUa aawlClaaaaa-1,0.
Paper SJ0, Pen IJJ6 for ja). OMrtXaMe.
Tidd Co 'a Centennial Premium celebrated 14
karat Gold Pens, from No. I Iolesto oj eommer-.
dal slsc tBelttdliig tke 81. LOUIS COMXKK
CXAXOAZanrTEfbrUweaka, wia bwnijkvth
addreasef all parties sending as SA.M. Address
MCraB A'TUOMAB.xJ Walnut-ttSt.LoulSiMo.
HOME COOK BOH
UOar VALUABLE AnO ELEUANT EXTANT.
IOOOPKie4 IteeiresI-trtcdMdlrttetX. Coatrtae-1
tr UJks r ULflocnce -utl otyt JixfnM- la Chtraco tadots.
trcilMBvl towns. 34 im tt eU. 17.000 sokL iTtitetry
no Coot Book l-sV vetwithAJ rnX.TnxcM Vnz t tara
tuf. IUs -tit ankles oa Iious:kfiuf- Say tiles.,
IrUxinm "Sl.ot.14 b the adopted enilaQif-ts. of rtTjr
ftfttKekeraesV Sl4asIlBok-trrc. t pv. JiJOpun
Mid. cloth or trll elotb. J. KaFD.WAGGnSRR. KaU rtiloro.
POCKET EDITION Seat FiwrfOH 2 STAMP. -
namaa bwk hqteo jima.
"'maile" A Blessed Boon.
Tor descriptive price list free, address
WILLCOX GIBBS 81 M. CO,
Llndell Bclldina-. 609 N. Sixth Street, 8t,Lonl.
nRQiTHirtrcn and illx
TheajnrycswtpM'. rlcAly Wuttratrtt loir n-lee wort
buHdlnaTwondcrful exhibits, curiosities, etc En
dorsed by the officials and clersT. 1JW agents ap
pointed la 4 weeks. Reports splendid success. iffXt
inoted. For full particulars write qolcklv to Bun
bsbd nxosasLaSalle Street. Chicago. 111.
A LUCRATIVE BUSINESS.
-WE WANT SOO MORE FIRST-CLASS
SSWWQ UACHINK AOSNTS, AND SOO
MSN OF INKRQT AND ABILITY to LKARM
THFBHSINKSSof SKLLINO SSWINO M
CHINES. COMPENSATION LIBKRAL.BUT
.VAN VINO ACCORDING to ABILITY, CHAR
ACTER AND QUALIFICATIONS OF THK
Wilson Sewing" lactone Co., Ciucago,
ill k X29 BruJnr. Rev York. Set Orient, la.
.ACTS WANTED FOR HWTOtlYll
sesass La the Great KxhlMUon. and Is the only snthen
Ss and pompiers history published. It treskiofthe
grand bnndln, wonderful ahtbtta, eariasthlea, treat
erenja.ete. Very cheap snd sens at shrkL One Agent
soMel copies In one day. Eendfbroor extra terms
to Agents snd a fan description of the work. Ad
dress KATIOfTAL PUBLISHING CO, St. Louis, Mo.
I k ITrnifVC Unreliable aad worthless books
jA U JLlAJa son the Exhibition are betneb
eulated. Do not be deceived. See that the book yon
buy contains 874 psges and S3 One enaTavlnxa.
Guaranteed the best Hand sneliera
In th market.
Price $2.60 and S5.00,
Fverv Shelter i
ranted. Shipped by
Express on receipt or
nrtea. Lira ICFtT
Tf AST KB. Send for
Iron Feaaoan, rittskargk. Pa.
Tie Enemy or Diseue, the Foo
of Faia to Maa aai Beast,
AaVsn-ItTTsr THE IltMA!f BOUTl.OH
THK BODY Or A HOKKB5 Oat- SlTxlwm
YltSI.DTO IT MAGJO jWUIlV'.AUttU
net! n H3c..- SSe. or 41 .ftwV awj.afta aarvaj
T. .i j - r . -- . z . .
taenia aim nauataat mini, iwnjai i
' . .. tU
la the cheapest and best Illustrated weekly paper pub
Uahed. Kvery number contains from 10 to IS nrifical
enrrailuK of new machinery, novel Invention.
BridsWnglBecrlnC'Worka. AreMtecture, tinpn.vea
Farm Implements, and every new discovery In Chem
istry. Tne fcdentlSc 'American baa been published
weeklr for S3 years.' and stands luieuiuat of all Indus
trial papers. A year's sumberseontaln S3 paces and
several hundred engravings. Thousands of Volumes
are preserved for binding aad reference. Tb practi
cal recetais are well worth tea tunes the subscription
price. Terms. SMO ajear by malt, laelndlnt poat
aje. Jpedmeaa seat for 10 cents. May be bad of , alt
awaaawam laaaaaa! obUlaed 'on the best
PSTpfllTS terms.- Models of new
m B-awBS.BsVjBvestlonsand sketch
es examined, and sdvtee free. All paten- are pub
lished in the SdentUe American the wVK tary Umbo.
Seat fur Pamphlet, .containing full dlreCons ior ob
taining Patents. " '
Address, tor the paper or concerning patents; "-
St, Fmrk Boar. 3a -1'w.
OSes. cor.F aad Tth -ts Wasilnjto'n. D, C-
Burnetf s Cocoame,
Ttir promoting UU growth f, 'aid Bs&fflgtt
Ilalr, and tendering U Dai aGiosty.i
1 T rnrnin- lvrd., to . I-Lv C- . 'J'rjT J -
portion of deodorized COCOA-NUT OIL, prepared
expressly for this purpose." No other compound' por
seises the peculiar properties which so exactly suit
the various conditions of the human hair.
i vi ,.yao v "
Missis. Josxra Bcxsbtt Co
Favmanr months daw hair had. bees iallin? oin
'nablT was fearful of loans if entirely. Tie slda
npon my head became gradually more and more ta
tUmed. ao that I could not touch it without pain.
'By the advice of my physicun; to whom you-had
ahowxryour process or purifying the Oil, 1 commenced
its use the last week in June. The firsrsrnphcttica
allayed the itching; and irritation. In three or four
days the redness and tenderness disappeared';- the
hair ceased to fall, and I have now a thick grqwflicf
Tours. ww trory.i
SUSAN R. EDDY.
Uxssxs. Bfixm-A Coj .
When nr dairehler'aftaimm..- Am t.t K..
.afflicted with neuralgia in her head for three-Tears.
aSr 9 ""P. curing that tune, many powerful a
phcations. These, with the intense heat caused by
the puns, burned her hair so badly that ia October,
1561, it all came oft", and for two yean, after her head
was as smooth as her face. - vil--.
Through the recommendation of a friend, she was
iadueed to trr your CocoAitnr, and the result was
astcaadunr. She had not used half the contests of a
pottle bdora her head was covered with a fine young
, la four xaoaths the hair has grown-sacral
inches in length, very thick, soft" and Ibe-and of a
darker color than formerly. - J i . -.
JOSEPH BUBNETT CO Bastoa,
Tfho desire to reach eoaatry readers can do tola
tne best and ebeancst maaner by us'ne onn r r Rura
sections or Tub Obt Newsfapkb ApsiLi.tn?
'sl II ,- V
t BBBaxBBk m fr -jaBampVjPgcjaj
t.a-,. ,.n ,-,.. ,,,,-r "' "OfeX: