ALL THE TOGS
' BAXTER SPRINGS. CHEROKEE COUjlTY, KANSAS, FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1919
ALL TUIi NEWS ( 'f i( 'tCYAS3- " 1 ' XffflV
: f .
r- . . .-
17-YEAR LOCUST. -
IS SLfUf GOING
Causes Leading to Disappear
ance Outlined by Department
to be exti::ct ti:.:e
Circular Gives Succinct History of In
sect and th Protective Meant
That Can Be Taken
V -li I iik t tn. 1 1 it you nn Ideal In
- tin" nliMilnte In hopelessness?
W-ll. let It be en I.I that the house In
wlili-li yen live comparatively new
Imlll within tlu lust 17 years. The
pound nn which it stands was orljr
Innlly wi(vinil. In the summer of
T.Hi'.' nil trees thereubnuta were full
of 17-yi'ur locusts. F.jrgs were detoa
If In tlie brunches, the larvae came
out. dropped lightly to the ground, and
tint; In. The Ions period of subtor
ninenn existence Is almost ended. In
Mny I lie Inserts w ill start toward the
Unlit nnd mr nnd will rome in con
tiH-t wiili Hie concrete floor of your
fi'llnr! Tin-re tuny he- another itiiH
tl.m us hnpi-lcss. hut rertnlnly none
TIijiI rli-nrlng up of woodlnnd for
the hnlldlnji of house and fur culflvn
tlon Id the prliuipnl npenc'y ttt. mak
ing i he 17-yenr lornst. Syltptte-L texil
untile is the perlodienl cicada." "van
ishing species. Dr. Gideon It. Smith,
one of the enrlier scientific observer,
ntlowcd rattier u ineliiiieholy note to
Terp Inio his luvnluuh!? tnr.niiscrlpt
when he wrote Mill' future generations.
If they rend his writing at all. would
shake their heads nnd ihlnkVf him aa
Doing Slowly Exterminated.
In tin- same mite, iilso. I Muriatt
one of the Ititest systematic ohserr
ers. writes In his bulletin. To the
lover of ntitnre there Is something re
trietlnlile in this slow extermination of
uti luseet vhleh presents, as does the
peVU'illi-nl elendu. ko iniich thut Is In
, leiestlnif nnd iiin'ynnloiis." ,
Thus, the preseiit-dny exferts of lhe
t'nlfd f'.intes deimrtiuent of Btrrlenl
tuie nirree with the early observer that
.the .time v ill i-ome when there will lie
lio perlodii'iil rlrndns left.
Hint time, however. Is a Ioiir way
oft. There will he multiplied millions
of them this yenr nnd in other years
to mine. For tunny persons the cicada
will he n new n sljrht as It wus to the
llrst uliMTverx when thev mine from
Kuroe t" the Auierleiin forests. SIod
ern wriiiii-' on the snh.leet is done, of
course. In the lilil of u II the ohsen'a
tloiis th:ii l:ive hein made through
more i!i;n "Jihi years. They luck the
freshness of the writings of men who
saw the id ndn hefors a literature of
the insect- liad heeii liullt up. Those
early writings, therefore, possess an
Accompanied by Fever.
In IW.i Nnlhiiiilel Morel on. who
lived nt I'liinl.ildge. Muss., wrote "New
Rn;i:ui'l's Memorial." In It he told of
"u Kind of a pestilent fever" thut had
prevailed in lti:S3 and "curried off
many of the whites uud Indians In and
"It is to le observed," he says, "that
the spring before there Nwns a numer
ous eompuny of tiles, which were like
for bigness unto was or humble-bees,
they came out of little holes In the
ground, and did eat up the preen
tiling-, and made Mich a constunt yell
ing h.iise as made ull the woods ting
of tin-Mi mill rendy to denf the hear
vr." The old gentleman Is to be excused
for believing thnt the cicadas "did eat
up the green things." The appearance
of the dead and withered branches
doubtless was such us to Justify such a
conclusion. One "T. M." supposed to
.be Thomas Matthews, son of Samuel
Matthews, governor of Virginia, who
observed tb- cicadas In 1075, fell Into
the same error.
For nearly IMni years, then, the writ
ten record of the cicada has been
piling up, undergoing rorrections now
and then, receiving new discoveries
from time to time. As nearly aa can
be Judged it Is complete now. Tbe
latest addition is a circular. "The Seventeen-Year
Itcust In 1919." by Dixon
Merrltt of the ofllce of Information.
1'iilted States department of agricul
ture. It does not pretend to present
new fncts, but It gives a succinct nh
tory of the cicada and the protective
means that can be taken agalnat It
The circular will be available to Inter
ted persons In the 21 atatea where
the periodical cicada will appear this
DISCOVER GOLD IN CASSIAR
Prospector En Route From Vanowns
or to Unexplored Redone Treffle
Voncouver. n. C Prospectors are
en route from Vancouver to nnex
plored portions of Caasiar. where gold
has been discovered, according to ro-
frts relr1 ft?ta l'ana and trap
' pera In tliaf wl'd" regmn;
These reporta nave oeen iurwruco
to the Canadian geological anrvey.
The only formal attention the report
have received la statement that the
purvey conaldera transportation prob
lemi In the Caaalar region "almost on
unDOuntable." Government officials have warned
cltiaeni against possible fraudulent
sctlvltiee by "blue kyH promoter.
Will TEACH TRADES
Government Establishes Techni
cal School In Georgia.
Thorough Mechanical ' Instruction
Made Available to Men
Atlanta, Ga. Out at Camp Jesup,
where tbe clatter and roar of machin
ery and the clnnk of metal In the gov
ernment's big shops greet the ear of
the visitor, a new technical training
school has been established, and la
open to the young men of the South
east This new .school Is the training
school of the Motor Transport corps,
and la a part of the American univer
sity which la 'maintained overseas for
tbe benefit of the men of the A. E. F.
It la now announced that the training
school will become a permanent part
of Camp Jesup, the great repair shop,
which has been established on a per
manent basis and Is located just three
mile out of Atlanta.
The new school Is now receiving stu
dent and soon will be a flourishing
Institution. Tbe physical equipment
Including all necessary machinery, ha
been Installed and the teaching staff
ha been selected. Camp Jesup will
be one of four points at which men
will be trained for the Motor Trans
port corps, and for future work along
The course of training calls for a
preliminary period of six weeks of
military instruction by tbe military au
thorities of tbe camp. This will de
velop proficiency In understanding,
obeying and transmitting orders. Fol
lowing thl eight base trades will be
taught Sixteen week will be devoted
to each course of study. No claaa will
contain more than thirty tudenta,Bd-H
there will be a laboratory assistant for
each six men.
The school will be open the entire
year and courses of instruction will
commence three times each year. It
will be open to men who have bad
no technical training a well a td
those who are far advanced but desire
the further training available at this
The completeness of the training of
fered Is evidenced by the titles for
which the students will qualify. Some
of these are self-explanatory: Motor
vehicle inspectors, motor assemblers,
axle, transmission and chassis assem
blers and inspectors; machinists, (a)
bench work, (h) operators of lathes,
milling machines, crankshaft grinders,
cylinder grinders; (c) toolmakers.
The course In Ignition will train men
to supervise, Install and repair all
types of magnetic and ignition sys
tems. REUNITED AFTER 12 YEARS
Brother , and . Sister Meet Again
Result of Item in Ohio
Flndlay, Ohio Twelve year ago
Farrls Balling and his sister were
separated when they left an orphans'
home In which they had been placed
when their parents died.
In that time they had completely
lost trace of each other and it was
not until this week thnt they were
brought together through newspapers.
Railing, whose home Is In Flndlny,
returned this week after having served
with the 145th Infantry of the S7th di
vision. His sister, whose home is in
Toledo, read of his return in a news
paper and Immediately got In touch
with the Associated Charities of Flnd
lay, which located the returned sol
dier. Travel Is Expensive.
"Do Bible say dat de poor you hub
wtv you always," ruminated Shlnbone,
"an' I reckon dat'a kase dey Is too
poor ter break away." Boston Trans
cript HI Regret
One shrewd old farmer who had
beard hi first lecture on dletntlcs
aid If he'd known a much about
feeding children a he did about ra
tions for cow and hog "hi famlly'd
have been a heap healthier folks."
Prosperous In Flax and Linen.
Linen bedding Is a great luxury to
the American housewife, who tries to
be contented with cotton sheet em- . WDich form on the land and project
broldered and trimmed, and saves her mt0 the sea. where great blocke break
linen pieces for company. But In ' off and noat out to sea. There U hard
Lithuania, where flnx Is a flourishing jj tny limit to the also of the
product and factories are not plcntl- masses, and a Ice Is lighter tha wa
fuL every hot sewlfe has her chests , ter they may float a long time with a
full of linen bsddlng. beautifut fine, Urge part of their bulk beneath tlx
band-made material that would do
acr 4mm ton beds.
vonx Fin Maid
...... -i ;
Technical . WJ-fli
Thousands cf Pcslcr.j.
ervt aa Stepping Stone teKlf
Promotion and Setter Cess
Washington. Technical agricWr
offer thousand of positions as afsoc
atea, assistants, helper, extenslo
worker and county agonta, and tala
work la particularly ultable fof far
trained, disabled men, according. Ho; i
ataterneat Issued by the federal toard
for vocational education. ' r I
The position rv aa tevpl
tone to higher promotion and hotter
compensation aooa la the agrlcltra
college, experiment stations, ajrtcal
turnl extension service and ui.atsjte
agricultural movement. The Insti
tution and employments lost '.thou
sands of men from their student
hodlna. tholr faculty oad thebr ataff,'
Hundred of men formerly agrlctfttis1
al extension worker and agricultural
county agent will never returj.U'
those occupation. Thee place, were J
temporarily filled by uprepojed sub
stitute who will he replaced hyj o.,, row,n, Md P,te,t!, the-Amerl-tralned
men aa rapidly aa poaalUo. . 1 t, r. 1. t.trih..Mnr it. mn.
Tbe experience abroad, wherein op:
portunlty waa given to study the In
tensive and scientific agriculture f
France and other countries, hasjreat-"
ly stimulated Interest In these line,'
and (lltwbled men with a background
of agricultural experience are mani
festing keen Interest la training for
tbe lines mentioned. Many otrett
who, by . reason of their dlsabllltke,
are compelled to equip themselves In
other line, ani preferably f or out-of--door
occupatlona, are also manifesting;
a keen desire to take np the special
n uesire 10 a up xam T America a , Ited Ctohs would soon be
branches of agrlcultore ta; tMf4Hit to caro for every destitute person
ng offered by the federal boanl. I ijnamiU.
United Statet Uartet '
.Lost 5,153 of 8,000
Wahlnxtan.Of the 8.000 officers-
end mea composing the
marine: brigade when it went
Into fighting near Chateau Thler
ry lust Jaly 5 to stop Ja German
rflirnst it ParUr officer ad
o,078 men either were hilt e or
wounded. The marine took
Lucy-le-Boeg. cleaned up Bel
Icau wimxI and finally captured
In disctiMlng those casualties
Major General Barnett, com
inaiidunt of the marine corps,
said published statements from
army officers that the in a -In
were not In the fighting at Cha
teau Thierry were misleading.
Tbe marines, he said, were not
actually In the town Itself, but
In the action known officially as
the buttle of Chateau Thierry.
278 ARE DETHRONED BY WAR
Bavaria Leads, With Prussia's Thlr-ty-Three
Royaltle In Exile Sec
ond In List
Berlin. A German professor figure
that the abdication and dethrone
ment In Germany Include 278 persons.
Bavaria leads with one king, oae
queen, IS princes. 16 princesses. Eve
dukes and one duchess. Prussia baa
sent 33 royalties into exile, including
the emperor, empress, 20 prince and
11 princesses. Brunswick Is at h
bottom of the list, wlth'only the ducal
couple and their three children. Tb
two tiny principalities of Reus, whose
area Is hardly one three-hundredth
part of .that of Prussia, have exiled
The principality of Llppe, only about
20 square miles larger than the Reus
states, had a royal family numbering
24 persons. Most extraordinary I tin
case of Scbaumburg-LIppe, with Its
area of ISO square miles, where there
was nearly one royal personage for
every five square mile. These includ
ed the reigning prince, 17 prince and
United State Senate.
Each United State senator I elect
ed for six years, unless he 1 chosen to
fill the unexpired term of om eena
.tor who ha died or resigned. On
March 4 In every -odd year" IMS.
etc. the term of 82 senators expire;
that is, one-third of the whole number.
By thl plan there 1 never aa entirely
new senate. Even If no members were
re-elected, two-third of tho member
ship would always constat of men who
have had either two or four years ser
Iceberg do not form at sea. but are
masse) aetacnea irom
onrfteo ana meiung grai.j bj
tact wli tjrst ws:5r.
SAVED DY II, S. FOOD
C:;tltuta Pecpla of Roumania Are
Cr&teful to America.
Timely Arrival of Supplloa Prevent
Growth of Bolshevism and
Bucharest American flour and
clothing are saving the live of thou
sand of destitute people throughout
Hon mania. Tb United States food
ealmiBlstratlon ha already brought In
to the country nearly 20.000 ton of
nrr while the American Red Cross,
which ha a large mission established
hero, J distributing clothing and gen
eral, relief aupplle of all kind among
the needy population.
.The flour from America arrived at a
thn when condition were at their
worst and when local supplies for the
Roumanian people were almost ex
hausted. It was feared that the want
of food would result In state of bol
sherism and revolution.
.Thl American flour ba been a tre
tnendou factor In preventing the un
rest From It relief stations estab
lished at Bucharest, Jassy, Constansa,
piles, and In every Important village
aa American Red Cross soup kitchen
la helping to feed the population.
Queen Marie, who has taken the
greatest Interest In this relief work,
has assigned Prince Carol to co-operate
with the American Red Cross. Col.
Henry W. Anderson, Red Cross com
Inlasloner to the Balkans, aald that
three large consignment of relief aup
plle had already arrived In Rouma
nia, and that the fourth waa already
on It way from Toulon, so that the
PAINED WORKERS ARE BEST
0 Much Mere Efficient Work in foo
ts rise Than Those Without
Washington. Information reachhg
the training aetoe. .department of
lahor, from estsnlUianraw. yJKrgFjpIaeaday.
itnTtraJnlag systems are In ope rati on
Udlcates that foremen, after brief
experience with. the training system.
Insist upon having trJed workers In
their -department, for the reason that
they do much more efficient work than
those who are put Into the factory on
production work at the start. Many
workmen also ask for training, In or
der to Increase their earning capac
ity, and so valuable has training
proved for peace time that last week
17 factories adopted training systems,
a number almost equal to the average
Installation of training department
during the war.
In one large plant there was a feel
ing of hostility to training at the
stsrt on 'he part of a number of fore
men. When the first graduate of a
fraiulng department was put on pro
duction work within a week and was
found fully qualified for production
work, the foreman Insisted that the
worker was except ional. Under the
old system from three, to six months
were required before Workers were
able to produce the quantity and qual
ity of work required for a fair day's
When a considerable number of per
son had been promoted to production
Work after a week or ten days in train
ing, however, the foremen's views
changed very radically, nnd they re
fused to take any applicants for work
who had not had the advantages of
the tralu'ng system. At one time,
when the training department ws
full, a new hand was sent at once to
the fsctory for production work, and
the foreman protejtd vigorously.
Plan Well Before You Begin.
In our harry to do things w often
begta before we have a clear idea of
what Is to be done.. We too often go
oa general propositions without study
ing ill the facts. The result 1 disas
trous. IIOGKE RV1LLE
Miaa Goldie Lite, Correspondent
HOCKEBYILLE GAS LINE
IS BEING LAID
The Buth Fuel Co., i laying the
gas line in Hockervflle. It extends
from the Hockervflle dance hall on
Locust street north to the state line
and then east as far as Mr. Hooker's
residence; from the dance hall east on
Sixth street to Main; it extends north
U Third street They are expecting
to start on Oak street in about two
A very pleasant Flinch party was
give a at the home ef Mr, and Mrs. R
Dunce Tuesdty evening.
Ererjlody erjoyed themselves ia-
mrcr:.'7 tni nfrtslm-ia were
erred to the following: Mr. and Mrs.
Ralph Bay, Mr. and Mr. Bay Allison,
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Wilson, Mr. Jim
Wilson and baby, Charlie Allison,
Ori Pickett, Glenn JUj, Glen Bonce,
Both Millar, Both Bogert, Bertha
Cmmea, Grace Stroykk, Carl Wilson,
Alii Pickett, Lavern Bay, Qlftoh Al
lison, Harold Cru me, Baymoa Bunco,
Iona Miller, Christen Keener, Fern
Stroykk, Everetll Cmmes, Carl Wil
ton, Grace Brittle.
Mr. Jewel la very lU at her home
in Hockervflle. '
Jessie Recce made a buslne trip
to Picher Wednesday.
Jar. Nance and partner have decided
to pipe gaa into their houses.
Mrs. Marie Taylor and Mrs. Belt
were shopping; in Joplin Monday.
L. E. Badley of Picher was baying
furniture in Hockervflle yesterday.
. Miss Marie Gonce spent the day
with Miss Mable Pendleton yesterday.
Z-Bay at Dr. McCormlck's Hos
pital In Baxter Springs.
Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Lady attended
the show at Baxter Wednesday even
ing. . Miss Wflma Bflderback spent the
day with. Mrs. J. T. Keener Wednes
day. Arthur Shawago visited Mr. and
Mrs. Kelts Blgney and family Mon
day. Mr. Farrls, who has Just returned
from France was a Hockervflle visitor
Walter Clogston, of Hockervflle,
made a business trip to Joplin Wed
nesday. J. B. Stewart of Baxter visited Mr.
and Mrs. Balph Bay of Hockervflle
Mrs. W. M. Batter and son, Earl,
were transacting business In Baxter
Mr. Atterbury in interest of somS
Mrs. Jane Moore and daughter,
Hazel, weer transacting business in
Mrs. Balph Bay and sons, Glenn and
Lavern, visited Mrs. A. Parker of
Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Brook of Picher
Mrs. Martin and daughter, Bessie, mo
tored to Baxter Tuesday.
Mr. Watson, of Hockervflle, was
called to his home Tuesday because of
the illness of his wife.
Mr. Sullivan of Miami was in Hock
trville yesterday and expects to start
to drill on his lease at once.
Fred Wheeler, Earl Wheeler and
children visited Mr. and Mrs. J. T.
Keener and family Tuesday evening.
Dr. Cannon, Physician and Sur
geon, also eyesight specialist Glasses
fitted under guarantee. Over Jack
son's Drug Store, Baxter.
Dr. Stewart did a fine act of hypnot
ising last night at the Miner's theat
er. He will also have one tonight He
has only two more nights to stay.. Be
sure and come.
Eugene Peace, son of Howard Peace
was run over yesterday by a water
wagon when crossing the road. One
foot was seriously injured and several
other minor braises were received,
Colors ef the Sardine.
The fresh sardine Is a feautlful lit
tle) flab. The scales on Its back are an
Iridescent blue-fro en; the exact tin!
which, the sea so often take, while be
neath tho scales there shows up th
most wonderful peacock blue. There
are bar on Its back and aide when.
It Erst comes out of the water Uk
tho on the mackerel, but they seem
to fad and disappear the moment It l
exposed to the. air. The remainder
of its body Is pore silver la Its color
Juat at Hand. .
"The best things are nearest, breath
In your nostrils, light In your eyes,
flower at your foot, duties at your
hand, the path of God Just before you.
Then do not grasp at the star, but
do life' plain, comatoa work as It
cornea, certain that daUy duties and
dally bread are the sweetest things
of Ufa." Marcus Aurellus.
People seen not to so that their
pinion of tho world la also a eon
't swlon of character. TTe eea otiy
wUt we are, atd, lfw Kbo-
Colony Near Saloniki Victims cf
Dire Atrocities in U:t -Five
Years. r-i -
os ai;d eligArs c::i
Forced to Live In Open Fields or In
. Dugouts snd Driven Hither and '
Yon by Enemy Are Grateful
to United States..'
Saloniki. High upon (he hills Ot tho
bustling Macedonian city Is a. pic
turesque settlement where 8,0Cd
Greek refugees, driven frm Asia
Minor by the masnnrre of 1814, make
their homes. Hundreds of, other
Greeks who were interned hy the Bui- (
gnriaus in I'onruaja aonng me-wir
have Joined them recently.1 The
houses In this refugee camp were con
structed by the Greek government ; A
space equivalent to n large New York
furninhed room Is allotted to a fam
ily of from five to eljtht ,
Tho settlement has been given the
pretentious name nt "The Quarter of
the Triumvirate" in honor of Greece's
three great modern patriots Premje?
Veniselos, Admiral Kountouriotls and
General Dnnglals, who, repudiating
Xing Constantlne, espoused the cause
of the allies when Germany sought to
win over the Greek army.
Grateful to United Statee.
Many of the people Itaveggbeea
helped by the American Ited "Cross
and speak gratefully of the' United
States and Its people.
As the Associated Press correspond
ent was 'visiting the village, two ox
carts loaded with Greek refugees who
had been driven by the Turks from
the villages along the sea of Marmora
In 1913 and 1914, and who, during the
present war, were expelled from Mace
donia by the Bulgers, made their way
slowly up the steep mountain road.
The refugees had just come from
Dobrudja, to the south of Roumania,
Ium thov vara nmrtlMllv xUMl hv
the Bulgars. They had- been nearly
two inopjhs on the way. and virtually --."'
'alljjV jjood; and-ald., they got. cam ' :
from the American Red Cross,. wWch "
has relief posjs along the line leading '
from Bulgaria Into Macedonia. Many ...
were little tots from one to five years
old. The wonder was how these lit
tle ones, sickly and under-nourished,
were able to survive the long trip by .
train, motortruck and ox cart.
The faces of these returning refu
gees wore nn Inexpressibly sad snd - ; ;
harrassed look. For five years they' v
Were driven hither nnd yon by Turk
and Bulpar. nnd had never known .
what it wns during tlmt time to have ; v
a roof nnd shelter. Under the Bulgars - a '
they were forced to live In the open
fields or In dugouts or stables. Eight-. ' .
een hours a day at hard labor under ' -constant
Intimidation was the lot of
ome of them. Three-fifths of a.
pound of black bread a day was the v
pitiful recompense they received from
the Bulgars. Often those too weak to
work were beaten by their ruthless .
masters. , :,
One refugee declared to the corre
spondent that at one time there were
more than sixty deaths a day among .
the refugee colony In Dohnidja from
malnutrition, exhaustion and expo-
ure. In certain sections, he said, the
Greeks were forced to live largely oa
the rinds of watermelons which the
Bulgariun soldiers threw in the
Tell Bitter Experience.
The older residents of this refugee
"suburb" of Saloniki. most of whom
had fled from different parts of Asia
Minor during the wholesale massacres
there In 1014. have bitter experience
to relate about their treatment by the - .
Turks. Some of these people lived In
the city of Phocls. where the whole
Christian population either had been
driven out or were killed hy the Turks.
The women wept as they told about : -the
outrages of the Moslems. The
worst story was that told by an Intel
ligent pensnnt woman, who declared
that In a butchershop opposite her .
home In Thocls she saw the Turks -
take s young girl who was considered
the most attractive In town and cut ,
her body Into pieces. They hung the
pieces on meat hooks and offered
them for public aale, she said, to shnw
the Turks' contempt for Greek Chris- - ,
What most' Impresses the eye of the
visitor in speaking with these unfor
tunate people 1 their ad. wan and
furrowed faces. They have been
driven ehou by the Invading foe
until they have reached the point al
most of despair and distraction.
Unendurable Surgical Thirst
Thirst following abdominal opora
tlona Is often of so Intense a charae
.ter that the memory of It linger la
the patient's mind for many years. '
Every hospital liss records of patients
who have surreptitiously consumed
the contents of a hot water boWe la '
ts) effort to quench the uner.;Tblo
thirst from which they wero s.r.T-
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