Newspaper Page Text
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Bring your car in now--
before the big rush starts. Let us
overhaul it and put it in perfect work
ing order for another year's pleasure.
W e .,zIJIaIly onºily the most ,iri(.iIl mnº'
º"halli(,. .,.1d d(h every N kind 10f, repair
w Io'k a II III( mos ~t rea-niiabIle )1 priijl .
PATTERSON & CURRIE
CORNER OF MONTANA AND MERCURY
I: iltr lli ' i \l (1 1 r illr
New Type Engine on Light ]
Chassis Expected to Re
gain Supremacy for Auto
'The I'recent le sl' of the Lellninlg
mlonopilane ilt I):lyton. Ohio, ('ulli
nating in a hlui't of speed for 145
Miles an ]1ou11 ei'lipsod the record of
141.73 mtilesi an tour tiade by the
late 110ob liurnia in his Blitz'en len'z
at IDaytona Ieachi, lah., ,1911. t
Thtus has ll airplanllllle gained tenm
pol'lrary astlend nely over tihe aulltolll - t
bile as tiet worll's fastesl lmeans of
locoi'otion. Experts predictl, iow
ever, Ithat with thie airptlane engines
of the typo developed in the late war.l'
int untedl ill light chassis, the auto
nmbile will quickly regain its su
The engine tlihat propelled Hurnlan
to the pinnaicle of speed fame was
a huige cumllbersome affalir of tmore
than 1,0i00 cubic inches piston dis
pIlacemlent. It was geared I to 1, so ti
that for every revolution of tile lo
tor there was a complete turn of the
At its best this engine developed
300 horsepower with a weight of
fotur or five times as great. as that
of tohe modern airplane mnotor like
the llispano-Suiza that proupelled thil
Looening plane. The latter, develop
ing the sante horsepower, carries
milucth less weight anid is also mnuch
ilore compact, making possible a
chassis that is lighter and also of
fers less wind r'esistanc .
In high speed vehicles the element
of wind resistance is even more int
portant than that of weight, the
wind resistance increasing much
faster tllan the speed. In 1914 Ray
iHarroun' built a number of Max
well cars with windshields imeasur
ing less than one foot square, but
had to discard them because they
cut down the speed of the cars more
than seven miles an hour.
Three Miles a Minute.
With a light, small motor like the
Hispano-Suiza, it is believed that an
automobile can be built that will
attain a speed of perhaps three miles
a minute, or 180 miles per hour. This
is because the tractive power of an
automobile is greater than that of
an airplane, the wheels having solid
contact with the ground instead of
slipping through toe air like a pro
The next , Indianaiiolis 500-mile
race, on Mlay 31, is expected to see a
number of airplane motor-propelled
cars in action. Though these will
not be built for utmost speed, they
are expected to turn the course in
much faster time than has everb'een
done before. An inkling of what is
in store may he gained from the per
formance of Willard Rader who last
year looped the track in 1:30 shat
tering the performances of Georges
lloilýot, the late European star, by
.13 second. Boillot drove a Peugeot
with an automobile motor of the
latest type, but the airnlane equipped
bettered his mark with ease.
Expected to Rtevoutionize' Industry.
'" The'ltifttlueode of'df'rIline desilgn
S6a '~anloniobile 'racing.ear- 'eunstrues
FOR CAR OWNERS
Return of Highly-Skilled
Mechanics From Govern
ment Jobs Will Help Situ
ation. Use Latest Devices.
Indications are that tihe ciar own
er will get better antd more efficient
service ill tile garage and repair sholps
of lutte from now on. ViWhen you
consider that many men fromt Blutte
entered the war service ill the via
tioll corps of the army and navy, the
liOt(or trainsport, thle motor ordinance,
the signal corps and other similar
branches, th benefit of the tlloronugh
and efficient training these men re
ceived is realized. These men also
learned the use of labor saving de
vices and the use of ligh gr:ade nla
chinery and tools, inl fact, thle best
that thlis country has ever produced.
The effect of Ithis training will be
far reaching and will stimnulate the
sale of better cars and tractors.
M1\any a farmer's son entered the serv
ice and will come hotme with the idea
in tmind of using the mloney, power
and labor saving devices that he has
had experience with to good advan
The smaller garage man is fast
developing into a much better busi
ness tlan as well as nImuch better nma
chinist and with more competition
from thoroughly trained men than
lie has ever had before, he will have
to turn out better work than here
During the war the manufacturers
hiati all been busy with new develop
ments with a view toward national
standardization and have been keen
to keelp their organizations of deal
ers and agents intact. Before long
they will be back to normal produc
tion. In all, conditions point to a
prosperous and successful season for
all branches of the automobile in
dustry in this section.
tion is expected to be revolutionary
in character, and it is predicted that
the present year will witness the
shattering of automobile race records
of every description.
MAY COST HIM
MUCH REAL CASH
A motorist who recently under
took to assume the role of gallant
and invite two attractive young
nomten to accompany hin on an au
tmobile jaunt finds himnself defend
ant in suits for damages aggregating
$75,000 in the supremle court. New
York city, says the Buffalo ?Mo
The girls accepted the invitation
to ride. They went spinning along at
an exhilarating speed until the car
met up with curbstones. one of
which sent the occupants flying over
into the roadway. Now one of the
guests wants $25,000 for a broken
arm and other injuries, while her
friend thinks that double that
amount would be none too much for
injuries which she says are more
serious. The motorist will thought
fully consider whether chivalry aYs;
a before, he againassuunes the role iof
The Iutte and Great Falls
Iranclles of the I'nited S:tates Irub
Itr company have Ibeen consolidated
amtl will hereafter he operated i'ld i'
lone head. C. H11. Schneikelir will be in
charlge of the lintte branch, >iiccet' d
ing C. E. Lanstrum, who will go to
Great Falls to take ehairge ilt ' ilr ,
will be at the head of both branehes.
The Creat Falls store will earlr:
Ihe major stock and hInidl su1;(
lilt s as clothing. footwet r ait i li,
like. while the Butte branch will sptn
eialize ill the aultotmol ile tire busI!i
ness, as this is the logical center fo0
sutlh por(ioIn of (the busilness. lioli
the gentlemen itn charge of the I\'<
offi'ces are well kInoiwn to thle trad
and will lundoubted1ly suiccieedt' ii!
bulilding up a more luerativt irad.
under thle new l p\ V)lan.
STARTING A WAR
IS VERY COSTLY
Some idea of what $120,0(100,10).
000 mieanll is gaineid fronm statistics
compiled bh a statistician who esti
maltes that the bill iof Germalllny paid
at oneo time, woiild require 241,98t7
one-ton trulcks to carry it, or the en
tire outut of the Fordi tirlck fac
tory for two years anlld four miiontlihs.
With the trucks running at a
speed of 20 miles an hour. it would
bie 80 1/ hours before they piassed a
given point. In a single line 20 feet
alpart they woull reac:h frl'ol N'ew'
York to Oklahoma C(ity.
SON OF AUTO MAKER
NOW HEAD OF PLANT
lEds.cl Ford. 2.1 iaros old, was ri
cullly given control of tiltii huge bus
iness estalblishied biy Hienlly Ford
when the latter retired. Young Fold
has been connected with the Ibusiness
rotr somie tiloe. Hie will draw a salary
of $150,01)0l a yo 'r as pret'sildent of'
Itl~le ,l' (i( ay. I 'ls '1in fi,\\ Ilher'e is every. likelilh i Ill;t I he I \ 1ellier w ill e s hll a. 1i, . ake
Ilri\'ilv g reasu, hll Iplteasa ttl" such.It w ill he IhtI,, \evas y v ..r, llt nl'tr fhal IhIlt al at. y r flet.
'I'lte i \\ill t'ut till' t, n al r, n sIII al ve I ta r,\ e o er Ihn all 1 Il l lt iIl. w\\illt I1,' r.'.till I tl l e\evry
sho i "In servie sttlinii will he Ii iei fn tI he I (iirs.
L.al.i w ill ie sci rce iiitl il w ill rtI s l e, i self i WiI x I n waii x ilil Ip'- ,'io si i li,. itil tlie ;iriv
ing seasul , is fairly well ;il..ig.
There are lth.ilssi,1111 I ' .it ., hs ile tl ri lt ul n w IlT l will r I itverhI lmlel ii I1.e slx ringa . lilien
IIis r sl i. I iMl Ii " e 'e ;t l 4n' (I4' l i .I i n t lin I' ,I s 1iil l)h a \\ r. il e \\ill ,I Ii i lle
I'1 II. , ll' servii c I( tll.> Irlid e ii,' s ,i r (l IIt i' e ait . , a. , I'Ir a l, In i.i , i I. it n i i h i gii'vl
line anl sniti elit., will have II woil.
Wi\\i'(ll ' it sein; stn ilt i l , i 'i i th we k te lIeI ar il I shaill i, Wa1 n give the 4 eiilair'hman linl
Il I ,, his we rk as it sh; hll l(? I-n ' i h s e l llte xa I . Ii. lrk lI l', n :,l ale l ,I' IIth rush
a nii tI le lII ,eat'il lesse lil lie wt illj the iltiltteara.t e ,.I' si l ii "ii ? It w ill .i i ,l ini mli ore -
Iperhapl I not s,, ninth- - as la er fill, mil IIe wo rk \\ill he all Iht heller ',r 11he lillle alhles, li11,t
lllthat is all,' 11e l.
This particularly aii lies I,, 11lle l I lin ng. II w ill re ulire lfrancI , Iwo I'lfu r weeks Il 1I, II,
overhanling and l'rom Taour I; six w,,,lks anl the leasl shfubl Ibe giv\.n llt. lainter. Il'hl.i will
perm it I .e \variutl , s ,l, .t st w\ell x,1;1 the var1,i.,l 1h l.,o tb e hard and li'nn.
Nl\\ is hlle lime uI leas[ I,, legi, thinking; of' it il' in,:me'liale a.tio n is f ,It desirable.
Dennis Murphy, Iead Machinist.
230 E. Platinum. Phone 1832.
We also Make New
PISTONS and RINGS
General Machine Work.
Out-of-Town Orders Solicited.
McGrew Service Shop
Corner Second and Utah.
GRAND AVENUE REPAIR SHOI'
Automobile Repairing, Lathe
Work and Mill Work.
All Work Guaranteed.
,' .:,-- . Phone 3081-J.
-i £..rner arrjson qnd Grand.
No Matter How Good Your
Motor Is You Have to
Stop It Some Time.
Should Alternate Speed.
It n1u1tt11. 1l0t hOW go0(o d 11 a 1
gillne 'oll hIave nder the anto hoIiodtl.
it you hallV'en' ittlelns of stoppingll iil
lit l ( Iar once it is ttartdl ytlt alt it
for i. bullh of troilli, de ftures II.
i'lif'ford 4ro kI.k , 0i New York
authlirity on il lbr ikes.
tEach ear is tprotvitddtl with t tw i aet
oif brake andt so.. , ft w have more. . Iii
The etl ergenl cy bral I e. asI t is icalled,
consists of it brake hand operating
within ai drut ii oni1 each, wheel aind
,oilnnectl.ed by snii.ible lilnkage lto a
lever which is providell d with i rln t
chet o .ld pawl, )so that the brllOlike mayi
be set and held Ithere. It is intendlled
that this brake shall te used priiiar
ily for holding the car at ii stand
stiill after it bi d been s(loppedl , iani
it is used as all emtergeni y brake
only. il l cuise of hilni p tol tlhe otherl l
ibrake or liion long hills, where itl isc
itesirable to altl rlhate between 1h1>
! y l as t s.
The rinlillng brako, or service
lntike', is operated by a pedal and is
i equiilped with a spring to autonii ti
call" releit, ,the br. .e wiept pres
s10r ' ll f to liedal is rollieoved. Thiis
-ll br kit.inýI l lheiia ms l gi l hand engaging
l , lli1l1..la tha .propeller lilift o1 a
I pair of hands operating on drus.:
Ion tlit f lear (ti.'il, the same i runt
\\within whicll the emergency brake
operates. The propeller shuft type
giv,-s .raiter briaking iower because
ofl the le\vei'ago( obtuitinel ihrouigh theo
. SOUTH SIDEJI
0 EXPERT MECHANICS *
Any Make of Caur.
i General Repair Shop anil 3
I Phone 4460-W I
12124 Cobban Street
C. C. DAHN, Mgr. m
\ eiinics' fine tools, limps.
, tacks. ,.lrli plugs,
!,ile oils, grea..e:, autonio
l:,ill~ eaber; the phone number
I E Park St. Phone 956(;
ge0 l'ill? ll:f1'8ln'.1t8 1 0i li re~ill nXle,
aIllld hillg aoil ta et'lteli drle t theel'le
is h,:l s likelihooid off holloing 1t1o
dl imiis o1 hills. It h..is lit dlisaidvail
ptu ti' ]ull i p]n a severe lt'in I1pl1l
the 'la al0e gaOilrs Will iollseitelll
'lThe hir.ioki shulihl he kept ill such
a iitidititil til eitlier pair wil!
astoil thie c·ar qiuickly: it is very u- ii
wise tl atilltiw tlile set Io relliila iitl
ii rlitr ieclls oaii ul hat vi lile sel
Vli kiniow is all right
WViii iit litalae ha titds are used iln
a set each aliatil should thlt eiqtialtl
oi it will allh w tut \ihiiit l itt t lilt. To
oiblin tills r lsull itiialici ll atl lover
piel'ail 1 iir u t eilta1 illlliilizi lia '.,r
witlh li lk ge Iln llilnig frl'loll lie'datl llr
lovter to tlri, !liddle iof the equlllizillg
my11 aiid frionti e,.chl anlt oif lithe hur lto
Ithe bliraIeli, hii ds. \Vheli fie htlr seta
,traipit arilnass Ilie tatI' lihe tianldh
tItultu l at with (lllill forl'ce tii the
dh'llls wheni hri' ng;iil.
lilke t la trnt s ;ire liined with pso
litrn- ni irlihag fllta iot i iiatei rhi , i statilt
'iv an iaslists ilitlirialt, whihiil is
tatselted to Ihe steil tuatidtt b"ti cihietpr
rivwal.ilis k ihieti itito the liniig, sti
that the tltatls lo tini cuotlie illn ion
eaCr with Il ihe iltin.
Whleien thei linings tiectme worn ,eln ld
tlie i'ivets scrtalte ;n til h drm'lln they
tile it, lea. viiig shalllow giovos. Ini
his olnadiitiot i ttiere is not sufltiieniit
sitrfile IIt givt, tile lining a po tilO ptrilt
i iiid lhe hi' tii ai t tlils. t, itted drutliit
lllll81 hO r~llitivtd allld he fill'lie 11'1
ill a llathie ito iv a sliiootitlh sliltface
fi Ie bst bel iraiiu aower.
I1 is al.so ilillorlan~t Ih1al lhe linl
illfn Ie reiwellt whelii wotln thlin
enouiigh fril' tii e rivits to Quuli tie
drlilum. Thi.s ..hou ll IIhdo t ill t ile
seriivic e saltioll, if thatl is tcollveliietll,
hiut tiilills if thei trolter ittlennttiiutis
'ior t ,I, lc a n ttl' i y lie hat ii it a stl ii
ily tat it i n l ai id a lilt i ,oil nlhu n
t'n iswill ble itivlie troi tie itie
iiv l, wiIh the lining unid reiemher
thail the heiids Ilitist. le sunlk deepi ill
li, Ilinilu .
A mol n l I he val 'io us u icii o mno ile
liielol's is line lthia .4lt show hiiw lmllliy
titi s s trie thin ti traliveltd titiwth mai1
ii of fuel.
1112. leUah Ave. 1'hone 2179.
Auto Service and Repair Shop
We specialize on FORD CARS.
Ford truck rented in place of dis
abled one. No loss of time to com
WRECKING CAR AT YOUR
Vulcan Welding Works
Welding Cast Iron, Steel,
Brass, Bronze, Aluminum
We Also Hurn (Carbon From Auto
116-118 S. Wyoming St.
All W.rk Guaranteed.
Butte Battery Co.
Up-to-Date Auto Electricians.
\e Repair All Makes of Batteries.
Phone 918. 110 8. Montana St.
I t ' I =t
of all kinds
Regardless of How
worn or used that Tire may seem to
you, there is a good deal of mileage
in it yet, if it is properly repaired.
We repair ill kinds of easing, and
l t'i g us y ,i1n h I fire, and let us, tell
VI w'll \\ an Iil hi or yo' onii them.
J. L. MATHIESEN
40 E. GALENA PHONE 5007-J
Effectiveness of Motor Is
Determined by Material
Used in Manufacture.
Equal Tension Needed.
Wherever power is produced Ivt t
Ilrc;sure exerted on a Imioving piston.
whati'ever' tihe type of engine 0olor r
or co pllllr', sor, its effectiveness is tit
lerniined by the piston rings.
Upon the pistolt rings depend.,
whether all of the force that is put
into the ey!inder --gasoline in the
case of automnobile motors --steam in
steamn engine's, air ill airt col)proessors,
etc.. is usedt to create power, 0:
\whethtler or not ltore oil thanl is
neeitod to properly lubricate works
up thei cylinder walls to foram car
lion iund, in gasoline engines, to foul
p;IrlkI Iplugs anld mllake snioke.
IEqlual 'T'ension Needed.
EItqlual tenlsion, lunifornm pressulret
outtward front the ring's cent,'r
against the cylinder wall at ever:y
point of its circulml ference is tie
basic requirement for a piston rintg
properly designed and mlade to di
velop and lmaintain nmaximumnl coin
iression antd mtaximumlll fuel ecoonomy.
The weakntess of any piston ring de
sign that loesn't pIroduce this equal
ity of ttensiont is easily seen.
The pressture against tile pistol,
ring of the compressed gas in the
cylinder is the same at all points of
the ring circumtference. It is itn no
one place greater than it is in an
other. Therefore, it is obvious that
a ring's pIressure against the cylinder
wall should be the same everywhere.
Loss of I'Power.
If its tension of pressure against
thle cylinder wall is greater' at one
place than another, there is friction
loss at the point of great pressure,
which means loss of power and pos
sible gas leakage at the point of
least pressure. Merely closing its
expansion vent by flanges or a lock
ing device of stopping the joint does
not prevent leakage past a ring
which has not equal tension on the
Piston ring material is also of
great importance, rings can not be
mlade successfully froml ordinary cast
iron. They require iron which is
softer than the cylinder walls and of
unusual close grain, and elasticity. If
the iron has not this softness the
rings will score the cylinders and ne
cessitates reboring and replacement.
Hold out the clutch with the left
foot while you close the starter
switch. You can do this wherever
the cranker engages directly with
the engine. If your cranker operates
unser these conditions you will
avoid turning over the clutch and
the transmission shaft and gears as
well. In cold weather particularly
the oil or grease in the transmission
is stiff and it requires considerable
effort 'for the gears to revolve in it.
I Relieve the cranker of . this extra
work by holdilig out the clutch. It's
ianet a:bad halbit' for all' year round.
FOR FORD CARS
Announcement is made by the
Ford Motor company that the 1919
Fords will have an electric starter as
regular equipment. The starter will
be made by the Liberty Motor com
pany, a recently-organized Detroit
concern. It is officially announced
also that plans have been drafted
for a production of 1,000,000 cars
during 1919 and 1,500,000 in "1920.
Scored steam or gasoline engine
cylinders can be repaired by a new
process in which their pits are filled
with an alloy that is fused elec
Old Car Look
We have the most com
plete auto repair, auto
painting and trimming
plant in the state of
Bring your car into the machine
shop and we will overhaul the
engine. This is under the di
rection of Bert Selfridge and
J. B. Byrnes. Then to the
where all the dents and kinks
can be taken out of fenders,
body, etc., and have new
springs made to order if need
ed. In fact, we are equipped
to rebuild the whole car. In our
AUTO TOP DEPARTMENT
under the direction of H. A.
Karstedt, the car can be fit
ted with cushions, backs, cellu
loid lights and bevel glasses In
curtains, new top, etc. (springs
and cushions for trucks also
under the direction of Louis
Guay-more generally ktiowh
as "Louis the Painter." Here's
where your car will get
the finishing touches by help
schooled in the automobile in
dustry, and able to do the high
class work demanded by the
trade. WE GUARANTEE all
our paint jobs and will submit
samples and prices upon re
quest. When we say
Make That Old Car
Look Like New.
-We mean it.
80 TO 56 E. SILVER STREET