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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1919.
SIX RED MONTHS IN RUSSIA.
How powerfull ill its simplicity. How it uproots niisiitell
pretation anld gives the lie to those whose business it is to
spread falsehood about the greatest revoltltiol of all liime, the
pf'oletarlian emancipation of Russia.
"Six led Months ill Rli.ssia," hy Louise Ilryanlt, takes lone
by the hand and walks with you throuigh the most criiticli
periiods of the revolution and introduces you to the simplnle,
.'acrificting peasan and \\workler revolullionists of Ihle inligilty
She arrived in tlihe land of the "Christs of levolutioii,"' s
Oscar Wilde called them. just on the eve of the lolslievili
ollicially takilng powerO, tiand I'froml that InOlielit until she leaves
to come to America to write hier story 110e is iii Russil.
She carries the simpile, l'tru[hful soul of tile revolution. For
instance, tile following incidenit speaks volumes: She wais at
the Winiter Palace at the lime of its fall and the taking of it
over by the bolslheviki. There were lnalltlrilly priceless treat
ures, and therefore every lenllmplalon to the soldiers to steal,
and speaking of the case, she says:
I have always been glad that I was present that night, because
so many stories have come out about the looting. It was so
natural that there should have been looting and so commendable
that there was nohe.
A young bolshevik lieutenant stood at the only unlocked door,
and in front of him was a great table. Two soldiers did the
searching. The lieutenant delivered a sort of sermon while this
was going on. I wrote down part of his speech:
"Comrades, this is the people's palace. . . . This is our palace.
Do not steal front the people... D)o not disgrace the
It was amusing to see what those great, simple soldiers had
taken-the broken handle of a Chinese sword, a wax candle, a
coat hanger, a blanket, a worn sofa cushion. ... They laid them
out all together, their faces red with shame. And not one thing
was of the least value.
To read that clear. uncolored i ncident o Ithe beau lilul hoii -
esty, the child-like simplicity of' those who had suffered and
lought and "dug graves that they call treichles," as one of
them said, and theni read the outpourings of the debaLLched
liars of the master class of this country makes ione inideed cia
hitlered. And when we are taltd by our comrade that Lenine
and Trolzky get but $50 a month alpiece, and hol.w they have
given their lives, and we comlare tlhem \\ill the lying plunder-
ers that revile these noble figures and Ibrilliant miunds, we do in
fa',t feel like questillilg the co('tlmmIlr reClaion at' the hullmll
I)aily we are treated to Ithe low. dlera'ved slainlers o~If Ilhe
'Whiinir's edlitos as Ia hoi\\ the iussi cnllllllissionaries aec
gr.atling aid pilinig up ''swag,'' as Ithese paid prevaricatl's call
it, and yet, this is What Louise lI'yailt says of' T'rotzky's lhome:
Trotzky and his pretty little wife, who hardly ever spoke any
thing but French, lived in one room on the top floor. The room
was petitioned off like a poor artist's attic studio. In one end
were two cots and a cheap little dresser, and in the other a desk
and two or three wooden (chairs. There were no pictures, no
comfort anywhere. Trotzky occupied this oflice all the time lie
was minister of foreign affairs, and many dignitaries found it
"necessary" to call upon himn there.
Aiid lciiiie, she says. lives ill the itst liitumible. quiet seltI
sio.. How this does give the lie Io those who have claimed
that these nIcI arle lit larasites and Ipluidei'ers. 'Then tilt('
colntrast of' the lives.
The l'ollowing is a descr'iption it a diniier she lhaul with one
of' the same ilk that are squealing in this country agailist thlie
holheviki. She had just described the soleini lbuiit iuspiring
funeral of' the mautrlvrs of thlie last great battile against tihe
rulers and parasites, tt picttire nevier vl e fi'g.tlei. whein sihe
goes on as Iollows:
I had other acquaintances in Moscow----a merchant family
turned speculator since the war. They had invited me to dinner
and the table groaned with food. The warmth and light of the
room stunned me after the thin bitterness of the Red Square.
The three sons of this family were all tit for military service,
but had bribed their way free. All three carried on illegal busi
nesses. One somehow managed to get gold from the Lena gold
mines to mysterious parties in Finland. One gambled in food.
One owned a controlling interest in a chocolate factory which
furnished the co-operative stores on condition that the co-oper
atives first supplied his family with'everything he wanted. So.
while people starved just around the corner, they had an abund
ance of everything. And they were charming and cultured, and
very pleasant to their friends. One showed me a pitiful appeal
sent out to the rich families by the Moscow soviet, begging for
shoes and clothes for the sailors at the front. The company
laughed uproariously; they said they would burn their clothes
before they would give them to the proletariat.
A.discussion of the Germans followed and mlost of the company
expressed themselves in favor of a German invasion. Just for
a test I asked them to vote on what they would really rather have
-the soldiers' and workers' government, or the kaiser. All but
one voted in favor of the kaiser.
Who were the plro-kaisers in Russia? \Vhy the rolbber
rulers, of' course. The same as ill this couItr'y. With all the
efforts of the master class tools to prove to the cntrhary, they
did not fiud one real labor paper ,or labor organization that was
the least taiiited with the pro-(ierinau spirit, or receivers of
tleir blood-stained coin, but this 'tianit be said of t(he scream
ing flag-waving profiteers. Look at the great capitalist palpers
that have byn shown as junker "boousters" and receivers of
their money. Look at the mongrels oni the top whom we
know were agents for the kaiser. Yes. and we need nlot go
out of this community to find them., And how their bolheviki
AlJ Mg u N 7 spPt as "ilent as the ,g' va
e f "sis1" secr1ctK. elv<i > º
a U hlQ 0 r ...._' F... t The,. "orei' ie
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coualee
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klelnu
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS' HELPERS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte.
CEREAL WORKERS--Great Falls.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Butte.
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls. I
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Llvingston.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Livingston and Butte.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION (Independent)-Butte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-BUTTE.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
li[onalo anid gave their lives foir real democracy, whilst the par
asites that are Iw,\\ coilng over to this countriy to wail of the
soviets were lolling ill 11e liuxury.
And i(now we 'eel 'we in lt give a. few words frluil lthis spllenl
(lid book a(i1a quote a little as to the suffllering of Marie Spirodo
nova. As we know w\hen thle eliuainloil oif rev'CIautioiilry social
isim w\\ s Ibut 1 she killed the cruel, brutal desllut Lujljenovsky,
and, speaking of it, Louise Bryant says:
They arrested Spirodonova. First the cossacks ,beat her and
threw her, quite naked into a cold cell. Later they came back
and commanded her to tell the names of her comrades and ac
complices. Spirodonova refused to speak, so bunches of her
long, beautiful hair were pulled out and she was burned all over
with cigarettes. For two nights she was passed around among
the cossacks and gendarmes. But there is an end to all things;
Spirodonova fell violently ill. When they sentenced her to death
she knew nothing at all about it, and whenl they changed the
sentence to life imprisonment she did not know. She was de
ported to Siberia in a half unconcious condition.
Six lied Months in 'luissia'' nuisl ie read anid (listr~ibuted.
II is clear. Irile. si plt e dl Illalr ilptrj licodl.
Co(mratle Louise liryavil. you halve diune we'll, and you deserve
tIhe t ist Ithe greatest lt ' tlllllui wetillhl otf the world placed ill
vlo. May oull returiil, tS you desire, attd ivd to writ oiio the
adventl Iof' lhe eniailicpali n( of' all liailkinlid. "
l'oui.is F. Swill. lpresi(Ident of the Swiat''lacking %rApany.
sayVs t'atmers, 11ot )paekers, cinl'oh the UI.ted Stale s cattle
illildustly. Now. Mr. Farmer, you have been granlied control
ly M4r. Swift, all you have to do is to set the price on your
cattle and you will get it. Try it and see.
It is reporlcel on reliable authority tlhl Ithe military iitelli
ge iec Ibureail has evitdeuce that the republic('an piarlty is orgali
izinig f(r the iIipurIose (1't scizinig the goverlnment ill 1920.
.. 7 . -
Milwaukee, Jan. 13. (By Mail.)
Sunday, Jan. 12, 1919, will long be
remembered as one of the most
memorable clays in the history of
the Milwaukee socialist movement.
Never before had the Auditorium,
with its four halls, been filled with
suach an army of enthusiastic people.
A fifth meeting, in the Freio Gc
1meinde hall, was opened, but over
4,000 people could not be accommno
dated. It is estimated that there were
20.000 people present at the five
meetings. Another meeting was held
at \VWest Side Turner hall. When Vic
tor L. Bierger, Adolf Germer, J.
Louis Engdahl and Mayor I). W.
Hoan appeared on the platform the
storm of applause which broke loose
continued for several minutes. Bas
kets of flowers anti bouquets were
presented to Berger. The Milwaukee
Hlerald, a capitalist daily, says a sim
ilar demonstration was never wit
nessed before in the city of Milwau
kee. Bushels of Liberty bonds, war
savings stamps, bank notes and
checks, together with jewelry, were
collected. The total cash collection
amounted to $2,810. Resolutions de
manding the revoking of the espi
onage act were adopted in all the
DIES IN CALIFORNIA
"Jack" Burns, one of the most lov
able and well-known railroad men
running into Butte in the last gen
eration, died in San Diego, Cal., yes
terday of heart failure, according to
information received by local friends
of the late passenger conductor yes
Burns probably carried more Butte
residents as passengers'; over the
Short Line and won a higher degree
of esteem than any railroader among
the popular conductors in the state.
His home was in Pocatello and for
20 years he collected tickets and
scattered smiles and cheerfulness
along the Short Line.
He left his run a few months ago
because of poor health and his death
occurred in southern California
while lie was trying to recover.
SALVATION ARMY TO
ERECT A BUILDING
In order to rush the work of thie
new Salvation army building, Adjut
ant J. Maulberg of Chicago, auditor
of the organization of the west, ar
rived in Butte last night and will re
main until this evening, consulting
with local officers.
The Butte corps planned on a new
home about two years ago, but the
ejtrance of this country. nto the war
stopped their activities. It is the in
tention of the local officers to rush
work so that returning soldiers and
sailors may have thp new building at
their disposal uhtil:they.-fnd.employ
-,.-Ige Bulletin wanittadse -.,Th eigel
PRESp N. SON
(Special United Press 're.)
Washington, Jan, 9 eneral
amnesty for all men o.rn dted during
the war by court martial will be
asked of President WilsQn, by, Sena
tor Borah. This is the second step
in progressive senators' campaign to
rid the United States of all traces of
Borah will co-operate with Senator
Chamberlain of the military affairs
committee in hearings to show facts
with respect to sentences meted out
to men of the draft army. Allegations
are said td be before Borah and
Chamberlain that startling inequal
ities existed in the severity of the
sentences imposed on different men
for the same offenses, and that undue
severity was exercised for minor in
fractions of military discipline. It
is alleged that court martials were
composed in some instances of men
unqualified. The senators have been
told that the total sentences imposed
during the war were more than 10,
WINS A SKIRMISH
(Special United Press Wire.)
Washington. Jan. 29. - Restric
tions on the manufacture of near beer
have been removed. The food admin
istrator announcied today that it has
been advised that President Wilson
signed the proclamation lifting the
ban Jan. 23.
"The proclamation, however," the
administration warned. "cannot be
come effective until the seal of the
United States is attached thereto by
the department of state, and none
can safely act on this information
until the prtrlaimation has become
The proclamation said nothing con
cerning the manufacture of beer. The
manufacture of beer and near beer
ceased Dec. 1 by presidential procVs
New York. Jan. 28.-1I don't
know what the hell to do with you
fellows." was what a clerk at the
United States employment bureau in
the hall of records said when he saw
a long line of men from the sixth
floor all tile way down the street
looking for joh,. All of the unem
ployed were discharged soldiers,
sailors and marines. Most'of the men
had been promised their jobs when
they joined the army, but during
their absence their bosses forgot all
about the promises.
PAW KNO'WS EVERYTHING.
Willie-Paw. what is the differ
ence between capital and labor?
Paw-Well. the money you lend
t represents capital, and gW.St
back represents labor. ,my ,S9t4C f
ciniati Enquirer. "
I .All the world'sa stal ,the
supers iagiune that thbpy ir ,
This column is conducted for
and written by Bulletin readers.
If you have any suggestions to of
fer for the betterment of condi
tions in which the public in inter
ested, the Bulletin offers you this
opportunity for their expression
and interchange of comment with
your neighbors and friends.
Property to protect' this Open
Forum, all communications must
be signed- with'the name and ad
dress of the writer, but anony
mous signatures wil! be used in
the column if requested. Address
all communications to the editor
of the Bulletin and please be brief
and to the point.
WE WANT OUR HIGHTS.
We want our rights and among
these is the right to earn an honest
living. We want the right to work,
not tomorrow or the day after, but
With a great part of the worlu
left barren and waste and many eno
pie in hunger and want, what earthly
excuse is there of shutting up em '
thing as they now are?
If the industries are to remain
shut down then we are entitled to
and want our share of the limited.
amount of work going on. We want
those who are now working to acconm
modate themselves to the extent that
those of us who are idle can worl
and earn the same as they do.
What right, anyway, has one por
tion of the population to keep them
selves agoing at the exclusion of an
other portion? Usurp to themselves
the only avenue open to the means of
life, then lie and laugh in our faces,
saying we won't work; put ,us in
jail as vagrants, or call us bums if
we are too honest to cheat them out
of their jobs; and call us "scabs" if
we dos They expect us to enjoy our
selves starving while they eat and
have a lovely time by the wayside,
when they go on strike for more pay.
I tell you in the name of the thou
sands of us, we are getting good and
tired of this humbug, and if those
who are now in a position to do so
do not soon take some action that
shows that they realize that there
are others in the world that have to
live besides themselves, they will
soon find themselves down along
with the rest of us and that is where
they ought to be if they are afforded
an opportunity to do right and re
fuse to do it.
This having one part of the peo
ple riding to glory on the backs of
the rest of them is and ought to be
a thing of the past. From now on
either "All up together," or "All
"Let us have work." Tell it to the
city, the state, the nation. Shreak it
out loud. Make a racket so they all
will hear. Let those that do work
divide with those that do not. Put
them up against the proposition and
let them act on it. If there is noth
ing doing and every avenue of escape
is closed and we are denied the right
to exist we no longer are. morally
bound by anything and are free to
go ahead, taking any action we like.
ONE IIOLSIIEVIK IN
CITY 01, WHISI'EHS.
Anaconda, Jan. 24.
To the Editor:
Dear sir as I am not very busy
thees days will write a few lines. Of
course we worked hard all summer
and guess they think we need a rest
it has only been three months ago
when we was compelled to work iive
days a week or pinched so I did not
give them a chance to pinch me 1
only lost one shift in six month untill
they said they was sorry they would
haft to lay me off I have been off two
weeks and they don't say anything
about me going to work but I guess
things will be alright in the future
they had meeting at the montana
Hotell and appointed a committe
composed of Parlor house Fiters anl
Trench dodgers to look after the re
turn Soldiers & sailors when they
get them placed, I am sure they will
look after me, if they don't I ami
sure to get iinched our flour sack
is getting very low I have a wife &
four small children.
FOR W. F. MATTHEWS
Funeral services were held for the
late William F. Matthews Monday
n orning. A large number of sol
diers in uniform escorted the body
from the home to the St, Lawrence
church, where high mass was cele
brated. Mr. Matthews was dis
charged from the service Dec. 1-2 and
shortly after his return to Butte mar
ried Miss Nonie Murphy of Walker
ville. He died after a brief illness of
pneumonia. Interment was made in
Lhe Catholic cemetery.
o - - o
So long as you have a parasitic
class who claim as their right the
privilege of taking a dishonest toll
out of the labor and sweat of their
fellowmen just so long will you have
war and bloodshed on the earth. The
only power thatcan save the-present
and future genertions from a repel,
tition of the rut iless struggle that
has just taken place, is a united world
democracy. It is not sufficient that.,
the people shall have a clear vision"
of the new world in which they desire
to dwell, they must organize with a
unity and the strength of purpose
which shall give concrete and prac
tical expression to the spiritual as
pirations, spcial ideals and moral
passions of their very being.-R. C..
Henders, president, Manitoba Gral
T'he more we hear about recon
struction the less it seems that any
cling will be done. Standpat ideas
on the subject evidently haven't
changed in the least since 1865.
when the republicans reconstructed.
'tlhe seouh oucthe prlunei.e isof de
sat up the hue41PY
THE BAPTISM OF THE
January 22, 1905--January 22, 1919 '
" yALEXANDEI.; TRACHTENBERG, in the Advance.
The. calenldar of the Runssian revo
lution is replete with dates which
stand aut.aliove.1all i the struggle f1. i
liberation in Russia. Among such I
dates especldily rem'embered by-revo- 4
lutionisty .ael,M.rcli .1 (14), 1881,
the assassiuktio6i of (Czar .Alexander
IX, Oct. T7 (30), 1905, (the success
ful completion of the general strike
and the promulgation of a Bill of
Rights); March 2 (15), 1917 (the
abdication of Nicholas II and the end
of monarchic rule), and Oct. 25 (Nov.
7 , 1917 (the establishment of the
soviet government). But the red let
ter day of the Russian revolution
will, I believe, always remain Jan. 9
(22), 1905, known in the annals of
the revolution as "Bloody Sunday."
The significance of that day and the 1
place it holds in the hearts and minds
of the revolutionists 'an be appre
ciated only upon an acquaintance
.with what had transpired during the
few years preceding it.
The 20th century opened with a
series of revolutionary outbreaks
throughout Russia.' The student
movement had assumed by that time
menacing proportions, leading to
strikes in various universities and
culminating with the assassination
of the minister of public instruction,
Bogoliepov, by a student, Karpovitch,
Peasant uprisings were taking
place in different village ditricts,
and, though local and unorganized,
they registered the temper of the
exploited and misruled peasantry.
Industrial strikes were known yet
in the 80s. Side by side with polit
ical and economic feudalism, Russia
was witnessing the introduction of
modern capitalism, with its attendant
evils. The workers, drawn in the
main from among tile poorest peas
antry and discharged soldiers who
would not return to their villages,
first protested against exploitation
by destroying machines, breaking of I
factory windows and doing physical
violence to their immediate superi
ors, whom they held responsible for
their sufferings. These unorganized,
undisciplined and unintelligent forms
of struggle were soon supplanted by
an appreciation of the political and
economic forces which the workers
realized they must overcome before
they could free themselves from op
pression. The groups of socialists
which were being formed at that time
in the various industrial centers were
carrying their propaganda to the la
boring masses, interpreting the con
ditions under which they lived and
worked, and points a way to emanci
pation from political and economic
The strikes which occurred in the
later 90s were interpreted by the gov
ernment as representing, not only
economic demands made upon em
ployers, but also of political signifi
cance. Due to socialist training, ad
vanced groups among the workers
were directing the labor struggle both
against their immediate exploiters
and the government which did not
permit them to organize and fight
for an improvement in the conditions.
Such was the great strike of the 30,
000 textile workers in Petersburg in
1896, which caused the government
to enact great certain remedial legis
The growing trust among the la
boring people in the leadership of
the socialists caused the government
a great deal of worriment. There
were some in the -altocratic govern
ment who could forsee the ultimate
result of such a leadership. The
chief of the secret police at Moscow,
Sergius Zubatov, developed a scheme
whereby he planned to divert the
workers from association with tile
socialist movement, which was grow
ing in adherence and influence. Be
lieveing that the workers were tak
ing up political questions only be
cause the socialists advised them to
combine their economics with their
political struggle, Zubatov proposed
to help the workers obtain improve
ment in their working and living
conditions. Such an attitude on the
part of the government, he thought,
would make the workers more friend
ly to it and would win them away
from the socialists and revolution
ists. Starting with the organization
of the Council of Workers in the met
al trades in Moscow in 1901, Zubatov
helped to form similar councils in
other trades and cities. Clubs were
established for the workers, where
questions concerning labor conditions
were freely discussed, though the
statutes denied the right of associa
tion and common action with regard
to such matters. Zuatov even assist
ed the workers in his councils to
formulate demands and use the pow
er of the government in forcing re
calcitrant employers to grant con
cessions. Thile extra legal status of
these labor organizations led to their
growth, and with thile perfection of
their organizations the workers grew
bolder arid made more stringent de
mand's upon their employers. A series
of strikes followed, which, contrary
to the expectations of the promoters
of these organizations, transcended
pure economic demands.
SSomewhat of a similar nature was
the experiment which a priest, George
Galpon, was making in the proletar~
an quarters of Petersburg in 1904.
Whether starting this work origin
ally under government auspices, or
going into the .secret service later,
Gapon succeeded in attractinga
great many workers to his plan of
non-partisan, non-political labor
clubs. Gapon exerted a great deal of
influence among the workers because
of his magnetic personality. He or
ganized many clubs where the work
ers gathered to discuss the, affairs in
their shop and conditions of employ
ment. All subjects, except politics,
were allowed discussion there.
As'the country was seething with
political questions and various rad
ical topjics, Gapon could not stifle all
political discesion in the clubs. The
war with Japan brought one disaster
aftel. anether, graft scandals ,were
eo mhhi the eertaoe, varinus gRoupa
-of' ftlh, k1' rdiourBeoitsae iware I
5o~ Th~ *ao~oo
quets were holding political meetings
where petitions aid. addtesales deal
ing.iwitl, the political situation were
prepared for presentation to the gov
ernment. The socialist forces: were
feverishly preparing for an open
struggle with the autocracy. The at
mosphere was heavily charged and
all sides were expecting- something
to happen any time. The assassina
tion of Von Plehve, who, as minister
of interior, inaugurated the most
ruthless policy against the revolu
tionists, drove the government to
further excesses. All this could not
but affect the workers, whom even
Gapon's subsidized clubs could not
keep from lending, in which the fu
tility of Gapon's scheme was laid
bare, was reaching them. *
In the midst of these stirring
events something comparatively in
significant occurred which later led
to the great drama of Jan.'9. In the
latter part of December, four workers
who were members of Gapon's or
ganization were discharged from the
Putilov works. The workers were
incensed over it. The incident was
much discussed in the clubs. To the
demand for the reinstatement of the
discharged fellow workers were add
ed other demands which were to be
made upon the managers of the Puti-
lov factories.'- The demands not be
ing granted, several thousand work
ers went on strike on Jan. 3. The
complete tieup of Putilov's encour
aged workers in other factories, and
soon strikes followed in the most im
portant industries of the city. It is
estimated that about 200,000 work
ers went on strike. Almost all in
dustry was paralyzed by the struggle.
The economic strife was threatening
to become a political one as well.
Like an elemental force it came upon
the city, and the most optimistic
among the socialists were over
whelmed by the suddenness and the
potential force which the strike
movement possessed. The socialists
busied themselves with organizing
the strikers and solidifying their
ranks. Impromptu meetings were be
ing held, where socialists were wel
The power of Gapon was, however,
very strong with the mass of workers
on strike. He was laboring hard to
keep them from falling under the in
fluence of the socialists, whose hopes
for a revolutionary outbreak were
rising with the determination of the.
workers to continue the strike. Gapon
then proposed the organization of a
manifestation to the winter palace,
and to petition the czar for redress
of grievances. The revolutionists al
tacked this proposal and warned the
strikers agaiqst a trap laid by the
cunning priest. To counteract the
agitation of the revolutionists, Gapon
drew up a grandiloquent petition, in
cluding most of the immediate de
mands of the socialist platform. He
made a whirlwind campaign among
the strikers for the support of his
plan. He exploited the myth about
the czar's ignorance of political af
fairs, and vouched that when the czar
heard the grievances of the workers
he would inaugurate the reforms.
Sunday. Jan. 9 (22), was set for
the parade. The workers were told
to come with their wives and chil
dren, so that the czar may see his
subjects and hear their needs. The
police did not prohibit the demon
stration. This worried the revolu
tionists most. They tried to dissuade
the workers from going to the win
ter palace, fearing a fatal ending of
the errand. They were unsuccessful.
The working class districts of Peters
burg were busily preparing for the
homage to the czar, upon whom all
hopes were laid by those who still
believed in' him. On Sunday morn
ing a procession of workers, carry
ing national flags and portraits of
the imperial family, headed by Gap
on, was moving from the suburbs
toward the winter palace. It was the
first great labor demonstration Pet
ersburg witnessed. The police did
not molest the paraders. They were
allowed to proceed to the palace
sqtuare, observed by the surprised and
scared populace. They soon filed into
the square and were awaiting the ap
pearance of the czar from one of thd
balconies of the palace. Suddenly a
regiment of soldiers appeared on the
square and, without a warning, sent
a volley of shots into the peaceful
crowd. Nearly 4,000 of the partici
pants fell dead or were suffering
from wounds. The snow-covered
square turned red with blood of the
victims. The rest of the great crowd
ran in different directions, amazed,
terrified and. betrayed.
The news spread quickly. Barri
cades'were thrown up in the several
districts of the city and the workers
engaged in skirmishes with the police
and military forces. As fast as the
news of the dastardly crime reached
other cities, the workers arose in
arms and strikes were called as a
protest against the barbaric treat
ment of the Petersburg workers. In
the Caucasus, in the Donetz region,
in Siberia, in Poland, on the Baltic
everywhere the workers wdre rising
and declaring war upon the govern
ment. The sacrifice of the Peters
burg workers made the entire work
ing class of Russia politically con
scious and determtihed to wage a re
lentless struggle for the overthrow
of the autocracy. It is estimated that
enarly 13,000 strikes. took place dur
ing that year.
The revolution which later. led to
the October and December general
strikes in 1905, and still later to the
crowning days of the proletarian up
risings of March and November in
1917, was baptized in the blood of
the workers on Sunday, Jan. 9, 1905,
the Red Sunday of the Russian revo
The Stars and Stripes is our flag,
but it waves Bever a lot of things that
we are ashamed of and want to see
changed. Our. allegiance is to the
flag and n6t to every .skunk and
stinking cause that seeks. cover by
,A Utwomaa.,m1M t that/plh4 .nores
youIP o~ia ustjely t~~b9p, aa~hmpg. efte