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II First I '",;i" Harbinger of Spring ....
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Some Thoughts on the
Science of Government
Writ'e. for the IltI l ,tin by
J. . WILLIAM,.
If one were to ask 1; a .:ll nee o.'
government actua!P. exists, th,, i:!
mlediate unthinking r:.spj,;se from
nearly overyone we,dd be, "'Ve, ' ,
course." But if one wer, t ;.u!1
that question and ansi er bh il .
.quest that each sheild tat (lm. th n
damental principles ,,J the scicn'e,
there would be so r:tn11y jli'rent re
plies, and th.- would differ d - vaN.;
-ly, that an unprejudiced li.teniri
would be led to beiii:ve that. prnvid
ed a real science of government -
".ually exists, ihe gr.e· t mass of hrn
inanity has scarcely any knowlhd.:d
of it whatever.
So, remembering that if the-' '
1,000 different opinions, that is not
certainty that \ie..n one of theln i..
right (for everyone theL offers a tcwi
opinion concedes that all the rest i:re
wrong), if we are ,o learn the, . ire
once of government, it ,usl . ic, ly
logical reasoning from hi. .ry nat:d
from such principles of sociology at
,are susceptable of ptoof.
From the most ancient historic°il
times, there has cenoe down to us
certain idea of government, natni,:
the divine right of ,;ng-. I belict,
the words, "divine ri:ht,"' to save
been well chosen, as they arit hI:oi i
cally derived from tlh nature of th
If we knew that 'sy God creater
both the heavens >ni( the earth out
of materials that belonged s.,lely to
Himself, which were, and still are, a
part of His body, then no oln we"l d
deny to Him the right to govern hi.;
own body and the cells of which ,:
But though the right he lls. it
does not seem reasonah;l that 1i,
should delegate to another bIning II,.
right and power to govern Hin , n'
body, unless the being chouetn should
possess every capability of pIerfect
rulership that the God Ilinself pos
sesses, any mlore than ti.,li Il sih. ll
willingly give over the contrlt i1 my
body to a person more ignorant h'liin
myself. But I do not deny- His right
to use other beings is messengers or
heralds of His plans. in::,!ions, l;iws
etc., atnd as agents to lenlfortce alnd e.x
ecute His will. Such Ibitgs woutl
pot be rulers lint subtjcts.
It is said that the hrlin i: the s-.,
.:f the mind; but without the nerve:.
it would be itnpos::thle for the mind
.firom its seat in the brain to rule the
trjluscles, etc The nerve. Ir\ve ihii
purpose of telegraph wires toge!' -r
,with the electric fluid, orp'a: heraIlds
"f the will of the mlind. Th' whvlite
4orpuscles of thme blood ',e as ,ol
ijers to couqi:.c and 'l'strroy thi emn
ilmies of the body; and it would t ae tr
Very probate that r :ch a mdi would
rule the universe in the cmine W\i:\
Has remained trune'to the causre of socialism tlhroughout
the war. i.. ediori .ls haveu cotni, anded the attention of
many leadin" : oialists and have beet wide-y quoted thr
oughout Ireland a,'d Great Britaiz.
Truth does ,a t utn .~i th nueat:.ng of the ord calllou
flage. If a thing is true, then Truth publishes it. Even
though it As pri,:ed in the heart of the Streel Trust.
Read what other, say of Truth:
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MARY E. MARCY.
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EIGENE V. DE)S.
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Edited by JACK CARNEY, late r.socinto editor Irish
101 Stack Building, Duluth Minn.
thlnt the n difu rules the body; or ti
th, vords or Thrice Mighty Hermes.
-\s :aboe . io , t elow."
Ari'ordilg to the cuniform inscrii
I;rns 1en the h' Ik tablets Iof ancient
It tbylon, hutmin rulers of the differ
ent pt'oples of pirellistoric tintes
claimn-- ci,;y that Ithey were the vis
ible lrepro il nta ies of Gods that
".er' inviisible to ordillary plersons. It
Ioe.- not matterlli ill the least whether
eve,. nIeiiof lielt toldI the truth or
w ither IAl lied. It is ,certain that
Ii liunllll: -iity of that tilte could not
A1 v fhi-Iftiher they were Itrue' repre
: ' the Gods or nlot. Some
i, gav\e .,otd. event excellent
go\ve llllnt llts to their subjects; alnd i
is-'o sihl', the-y were fi-1 relpresenta
ti.es ol: g d. excellent potlntates.
But rotherls, and they were the great
a joioy, gae o their subjects only
lyi ini.cal g-'\ernmllents; and if they
were .'l,resienftaili-s of any kind of
,Iodis; such so-called Gods were nec
essarily the enemies of imankind.
( :('collllt f Siluchl cos--terni ietts
a-,ifteritug peoples soon ceased to
c:r, ait all wh-:l ' i er the visible ruil
ers welr the actual kiings or ntiirly
he reprlt oue t lttl oies f dif ine kieng,.
folr oine i as hadail s the other.
.lnd, as ii \wlS easier to prole that
they actually r. igntd llthan to protle
that they w\vrt- reprfesentatives of dl
vine kings. I,1- abandiiitoned the clalilm
that they tti i ire r I'esentatives andtl
rumitence. to claiii that they were
ithe heirs of the (Gods, the possessori
of the divine right to govertin whiih
no\\ belOnii. ii to the kitngs.
Yet evcen 2.1011 years ago;l. leitlher
the Atheniiants nor the IRomans i t'
lieved in this idea at all. And it hi
English, is far back as 1215 . tore
great rents it the flag of the divine
right of kings, in whicg, Kitlg Jgohni
had wrappedil himtself at 11unxyincde.
lin lIt, setentee(,tnl centutry they cuit
off iiithe heaIi of ('iCarles 1. in or'lid ' to
shil'r: . n tll his staturel , but his
stanti ard ct f. di\ine rights.
Whent thli- great iords of England
ttiook away a portioni of ithie diliine
ritiLs from lthe tyrant, Kiihg Jlolhn
they did iot dare to take it all al
tlough l|l .. had the power. The'y be
lietefd 1h:t ii was necessary that
solte tper-Lont or persons should got
err 'T'hertefore they thought it tot
ter 1o rI-luce his Ipower than tol gitl
: to anotheiltr person wthose ipowert
they w, -tli probably te obliged to Ic
ilditce 1 - 1'
It.le by little. tfl kings gal'e tiup
their ditine right toin the aristocrats
until the tihouse of lords claimed the
right to ipropoe all laws to the king,
wvto 'lien ii,:;ft c utlen t fthem or nont
as he saw lit, but might not enact
laws not proposed by the lords,
Afterwards the lesser lords elecic t
certain onies of their number as melt
bers of that branch of parliamnit
which finally became the house of
commons. Later the rich burlgh(ers
gained the right to ballot for th i
members of the house of comttions,
anld even to be elected as lmembers.
DIuring the reign of Charles I.. it
I as the party of the house of cotm
tuois that arrested, tried and be
header the king as anll enemy to the
state. And about 5Ot years later. tIhe
house of commons claiimed and held
the right to propose all laws to thie
house of lords; and also took away
fromn the king the right to veto any
proposed law. In England today
there exists only a nominal kiing
whose rights have already passed
to the majority of those pIersons that
have the right to vote.
But it was in 1775 at Le::inglon
and Bunker Hill, in 1776 when the
Declaration of Independence was
signed at Philadelphia, and in the
bloody battles that followed, that the
divine right of kings was shot so full
of holes that its hearers have ne\cr
been able to maike it look trespl'ctabl
In the 1United Sltates, the ptn , ii
'ether with the rich. recei\ t d I11e
right to takie part inl elictions a long
time ago; but ontly the ien it received
that right, at first. Today both sexes
may vote i ni many of the states and
will pIrobably soon be able to vote in;
all of themt.
DIuring the world war it was often
said that only a very small minority
of Eulropealns belic\cd in the divine
riglht of kings, but only thought that
he could makie his subjects beliteve it.
But the saying of the medieval
phliilotsoplhers that nature abhors a
\lcuium, proved trlue in the evolution)
of governmelnt. And so, whenll imntt
no longer believed in the dlivine
right of kings, thie divine right sects
ingly had to pass to other persons.
And at the present time, the popula
tion of all Europe. together with the
two Americas, believe as mttuch ill tlit
divine right of the majority as 'ever
their ancestors believed ini tile dti ine
right of kngs.
And, because the king claimed tliat
inherited his right fromt God. his
right ntce.;sarily remailned a di\iie
right, i. i,., an absolute right entire
ly without any relation to its nlulltier
of use. And it passed as antill asolute
light to the majority; so the advo
ca'tes of Itle dtivine right of thle Ina
jorily an\e changed the old imotto,
"T''lt kitig ca-in dto nio wrong," into
its later formlii. "'The minority has no10
rights that the majority is bound to
Only very few now deny the right
of the majority to rule the miinority,
although a great many teilsons deny
one's right to poesess for himself
alone even the smallest piece of land.
It thus sentls that huntali property is
Iiiore closely guiarded ithani humans
It must ie conceded that everyone
has the right to go\ern himself, but,
alas! everyone so rules hliself as to
exceed the limits of his owntl rights
and to usulrpl the rights of others.
Thenll theilt other persons inlliediateiy
try to dri\e himi off their rights; but
Ithei also exceed the limits of their
rights, at!ld somle one calls for thli
(Of cours'O the judge lias no linllet
cnt right to decide between thenm;
but possibly the call giles himt the,
right. It all the partit's do not ('all
hil. it. he mereIly becollmes the servantl
of thie ones that called hiim. Or it
may hte that he was called by his
election or' appointlent. Andti it often
happ) n. that a party, not it class, for
we are told there are no classes ill
ite I nited States. whose inetnbers
htave tllih same greedy interests, elects
ai juldgie I' order that his decisioni:
shall al\vtl.s be favorable to their in
terests: and beft'ore his election he
must cominct ( the ittmembers of his
party tllha hb, decisions will suit
('I't Ib, continued.)
EXCE('PTl' I N NO'RTH I)AKOTA.
It is with mtinthdi feelings that we
note that oultr old-tlimel friend, the leg
islatllre, is withll us again. We used
to welcome it \\ it I its promise of new
and better legiulattion, but 20 years
of close watc.h on legislatures has
chilied our ardtr and at the present
time we are inclitted to view legis
latures as a gotodl deal of a joke.
Adrian (Mich.) Patron.
The Bulletin Does Job
THE EVER GROWING LIST OF REAL LIVE
B U L LTI N ADVERTISERS
IS PROOF '(SITIVE OF. THE "PULLING P]OWER" OF .1ULLETINADVERTISING. IF
YOUR FIRM NAME DOES NOT APPEAR ON THIS LIST MR. MERCHANT, PHONE 52 FOR
OUR AD MAN. AS THIS IS THE "DAILY SHOPPING UGUIDE" OF 20,000 BUTTE ADULTS.
AUTO REPAIR CLOTHING AND TAI- HABERDASHER POOL ROOMS
SHOPS LORING FOR MEN Dollar Shirt Shop, Lambro's Pool Hall,
Patterson & Currie, trlg 4 Tallur, Rialto Theater Bldg. 42 E. Park St.
Mercury and Montana. 17 West Park Street.
Murphy Garage, Allen & Darnell, HATS FOR MEN RESTAURANTS
230 East Platinum. 9.n7 Eliat Park
South Side Auto Garage, Nickerson, The Hatter, Spokane Cafe,
2124 Cobban Street. CHIROPRACTIC 112 W. Park street. 111 S. Main street.
McGrew Service Shop, Leland Cafe,
Corner Second and Utah. kFlora W. Emery 72 East Park street.
Lacey Auto Repair and Service Room 9. Silver Bow Block. HARDWARE Moxom Cafe,
Shop, 29 W. Broadway.
Grand Avee Repair Shop, CcARS sewell's Hardware, Crystal Cafe,
Grand Avenue Repair Shop,street. 69 East Park Street.
Corner Harrison and 'e221 East Park street.Cigar,
Grand. Union Made. Shiners, Furniture, E. l'kers (Branch)d riza.
Butte Carraige Works, 75 East Park Street.
30 to 56 E. Silver St. CEMENT WORBank Care,
-N W107 S. Arizona.
ICE CREAM PAR- Golden West Cafe,
ASSAYERS CEM.ETERIYP COPING LO EA Gd s iae
Maurice . iley, COPING LO S, CANDIES, Etc. 227 S. Main.
Lewis & Walker, Assayers, 1109 W. Woolman. Handley's Cafe,
108 N. Wyoming street. Olympia Fruit Co., 326 N. Wyoming.
UDAIRIES 14 N. Dakota St.
AUTOS WbOUUHT U I'REAL ESTATE
AND SOLD Best Yet Butter Shop, JEWELERS
322 S. Main St. Saries & Girroir,
E. H. Rupert, Blue Bird Blutter Shop, Montana Jewelry Co., Real Estate,
228 S. Arizona St. 209 , W. Park St. Opticians, Etc., 364 Phoenix Bldg.
Crystal Creamery, 73 East Park street. Wulf Realty Co.,
AUTO PAINTING 469 E. Park street. People's Loan Office, 106 W. Granite St.
28% Evast Park street.
Butte Carriage Works,U ISTS Brodie, the Jeweler,
30 to 56 E. Silver St. rugo., 40 East Park street. SHOES
J30to 5St ue'rug Co.,
1957 Harrison avenue. S. & S. Jewelry Co., Chicago Shoe Store,
BANKS 21 East Park Street. 7 S. Main street.
DENTISTS Towle-Winterhalter-Hanntfn Walkover Shoe Co.
rege ros., Bankera sCon Walkover Shoe Co.Company,
Park and Dakota streets t. A. 1ankey, Dentist, 101 W. Park St. 46 W. Park Street.
11% W. Park street. Powell Jewelry Co.,
BA IS union Dentists, 112 N. Main St. SECOND-HAND FUR
---- . . ...... L"Third Floor Rialto Bld I. Simon, NITU E
Steam Bat, ' .. 21 North Main. NIURE
. 04 F. "roadwt i. FISHING TACKLE 2Noret olaMd,
BUTCHERS RODMAKING, ETC. LADIES' TAILOR 105 west Galena St.
Schumacher Meat Co. T'ed Ross, O'Brlen, Ladies' Tailor,
18 E. Park St. 73 W. Park Street. 422 Phoenix bliek. SPECIALISTS
Truscott's Corner, E. Zahl,
B. Pasrt.,w (Grant. . FIRE INSURANCE 504 W. Park Dr. WV. -I. Haviland,
Western___ __at Ao 1_ 71 West Park St.
Indeptenun' Sarles & Girroir, Real Estate,
epSnse a 'Ti, .354 Phoenix bldg. GARMENTS SHOE.REPAIRING
Liberty . iA , :..
40L,,S.Mai. St`. FURN.ITf RE Popular Ladies' Garment Store, Tip Top Shoe Shop,
Main S Mtre Iar Set 63 East Park Street. 423 N. Main
Mn107 S ,r ain StM Shiner's, Furniture,
107 ~,an St. - 75 E. Park street. LAUNDRY
B. Kopald Co., Furniture, TAILORS
A ER8 West Broadway. Independent Laundry,
Manhattan Bakery, F LORISTS '. 232 S. Main Street. Bernard Jacoby, TaIlor,
205Manhattan Bakery, LORISTS 19 S. Dakota street.
205 W. Park. M S HOUSES Montana Tailors,
Dahl's Bakery, Columbia Floral, MUS4IC H5OUSES Montana Tailors,
107 N. Montana Street. 47 West Broadway. 425 N. Main street.
Royal Bakery,, Orton Bros., E. Zahl, Tailor,
20 South a Main. FRUIT AND VE(GE- 216-218 N, Main St. 504 W. Park street.
Home Baking Co., TABLES Dundee Woolen Mills,
Olympia St. MEN'S OUTFITTERS 6S West Park Street.
Barker System of lBakeries, People's Fruit Co., Butte Tailoring Co.
12S WV. Park St. 39 East Park. 'rporium116 S. CMain St.
34 E. Park. W. Oertel,
BARBER SHOPS GROCERIES I'rennans, 4311 S. Arizona St.
---125 N. Main St. Big 4,
Con Lowney, Anger Grocery, Fashion Tailoring, 17 W. Park St.
309 N. Main. Harrison and Harvard. 47 W\. Park. Scotch Woolen Mills,
Pastime Barber Shop and Pool J. I. Beckly, Palace Clothing & Shoe Store, 43 East Park St.
Room, 2701 Elmn S1. 53-55 E. Park St.
210 North Alain St. Allen's Grocery, Montana Clothing and Jewelry
Park Barber Shlp, 1204 E. Second street. Montana Clothing and Jewelry
86 E. Park. Kermode, Groceries, Company. TEAS, COFFEES,
421 East Park street. 103 S. Arizona.
Fair Barber Shop, 329Y2 So. Poynter's Cash Store, O. K. Store, SPICES
Arizona. 1854 Harrison. 24 E. Park St.
Shannon Grocery, Bouchers, Grand Union Tea Co.,
BUSINESS 609 South Main. 27 W. Park St. 28 W. Broadway.
INSTITUTES s. F. T. A. C ash Grocery,
INST~'ITUTES 627 East Galena Street. UNDERTAKERS
Truscott's, 0 PHOTOGRAPHY UNDERTAKERS
Butte College of Telegraphy, East Park and Grant. ---
Lewisohn Uldg. Ames Grocery, Thomson's Park Studio. *, Larry Duggan, Undertaker,
3161/ N. Main St. 217 East Park Street. 322 North Main street.
BATTIES Hanson's Cash Grocery, Daniels & Bilboa, Undertakers,.
B7T'i'I':ITIS S0.-7 s. Main St. OP'lCIANS 115 East Park street.
RECIIA I.GED T. J. McCarthy, _ p___ ________asPrsret
E I E 64 E. Broadway.
McCarthy-Bryant & Co., Montana Jewelry Co., VULCANIZING
Montana Battiry Station, 317-319 East Park Street. Opticians, Etc.,
224 S. \riu'. Arizona Cash Market, 73 Ea.st Park St.
Butte Battery (t'. 429 S. Arizona St. Towle-Winterhalter-Hannican J. L. Mathiesen, Vulcanizing,
119 S. hntana St. Bishop Bros., Company, 40 East Galena.
180 Walnut St. 101 W. Park St. W. J. Trudgeon,
Powell Jewelry Co., Gates' "Half-Sole" Tires,
CLOTHES ('LEANING GENTS' FURNISH- 112-N. Main St. 45 East Galena
AND I:SING ING S OUTFITTERS WELDING
Bernard JacotSy, Murphy Money Back Store, Francis J. Early, Vulcan Welding Works,
19½!/ S. Dakota Street. 65 E. Park St. 715-719 E. Front St. 116-118 S. Wyoming
HEASON FOR I, W. W,
W\'ashillngtoa , , . -4 . -In reply to
a request ).y ;i , i.er to coin
mentt on il l st' ,,! i;blished in the
dalily press that W. W\.'s were
icreatin g uilnrest : ; t,,i ' A. F. of
I,. Secretary rE,:!... , ison said:
"W'hein l fl- k ,, onsideration
thlie attitude f i '!n, r barons in
the state of \ýX\a,- ;, l .; . ,or perhaps,
I Would be I,i. t il stating
the nortihwesiter.l: in refusing
to recognize a tl.., , permit their
empllloyes to o)gn.11'I, . I ;am not sur
prised that tilhtr iit.l be indus
trial unrest ill Ii ,: ;,,.
"So long as y .... W. W. em
ployers you wil' i, 1. . W. W. em
"If employt-rs t lire industrial
pea tg~nli the elimiin af.:ti nn,4,.bIh iie i
W.. \V.. they can secure saute by en
tering into a collective blrgain with
the international organiiitions that
have jurisdiction o\ver their em
The I. WV. VW. in Sitle. in lly
opinion, is the result of the intoler
ahble anld nlin-Alnerican pofiti on taken
by large emplloyOrs of laior in the
entire nort hwst.'--- a.i 1 ]nan and
\W ithl all the lhulliibuiii , b.out pro
viding farmi holes o n ;:ld tlnds for
the returned sold iets, w. do not see
much lmanifestation iof nthusiasm
among the soldiers Ih l- il\' es. May
be they feel a good. dal like the
dlairyman lwho. when t i;ere was dis
cussion as to the punishlumuentt to be
meted out to the kaiser. suggested
that he be condemned to run a dairy
farm for the rest of his life.-Hotch
YA NO W. ,' ;
The socialist party of Japan has
issued a manifesto in the form of an
address to the council of soviets in
Ruissia. In the course of this mani
festo, the executive committee makes
the following state.ient:
"All of our attention is given to
the progress to the Russian revolu
tion and it is with profound sym
pathy that we observe the vigorous
advance of the Russian proletariat
an advance which produces an inef
faceable impression on the soul of
the Japanese people.
"We are full of indignation against
the methods of the Japanese govern
ment, which, under one unimportant
pretext or another, sends its troops
into Siberia in order to check the
free development of the Russian rev
olution. We regret very much not
having enough organization to ward
off the present danger which iueo
aces you on the part of .our imperiad
istic government. But you may '
persuaded, that although perse-u t
as we are today by the govern el
the flag of liberty will float some day
The North Dakota legislature
shows its patriotism by appropriating
a big fund to establish the returning
sildier boys in life. either in business,
industry or on the farm. In Minne
sota the old gang showed its patriot
ism by kicking the soldier boys out
of jobs in the legislature, and pro
posing to vote higher salaries to the
governor and other state officers.
MIille Lacas County (Minn.) Times.
Bullettin Boosters should patronize