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LOCAL, STATE, NATIONAL THE BULLETIN'S DOUBLE PAGE N N
NOTICE TO GREAT
Where the Bulletin is sold:
Oscar Prescott, 18 Second
Ed Landgren, 408 First avenue
The World's News company.
Corner First National bank
Corner Fourth and Central, two
HERE'S YOUR UNION
and where it meets
Notice to Union Officials!
The Bulletin is publishing a direc
tory of unions with the names of of
ficers, place and time of meetings.
This directory will keep your union
constantly before the public and
your members. It is a short-cut
road to well attended meeting nights
and greater interest in your organ
ization. Your union should be rep
resented in this column. The rate is
very low. Write to our Labor Ed
itor or Advertising Department for
The Bulletin is the official organ
of the State Metal Trades Council.
BUTTE STREET CARl MEN'S UN
ION, Division No. 381-Meets ev
ery first and third Wednesday at
Carpenters' Union hall. President, I).
A. McMillian. Financial secretary,
Blen Ivey. Recording secretary, Wil
bur A. Hoar.
IBLACKSMITIIS AND IIlflPERIAS No.
456, postollice box 838---Meet
every Friday at 7:30 at Carpenters'
hall, 156 West Granite street. PIresi
dent, George MacKenzie, 2037 Whit
man ave., phone 2962-.1; recording t
secretary, Ed A. Davis, 1901 Roberts
ave.; business agent, J. F. Buckley,
room 106 Penn. Bl3k. Phone 2126.
BROTHERIII OOD OF BOILIERMAK
ERS', IRON SIIII' UILI)IDRS' and
HELPERS' Local No. 130--Secre
tary, Walter Goodland, Jr., 1819
Whitman ave. Meets second and
fourth Tuesdays at 215 N. Main st.
IUTTE METAL TRADES COUNCIL
-Meets every Wednesday evening
at 101 S. Idaho. President, James
F. O'Brien; secretary, Leo Daly; I
treasurer, Fred Allen; postolfice box e
770. Telephone 2085. li
BUTTE TYPOGIiAPIIICAL, UNION,
No. 126--Meets second Sunday in
the month at I. O. G. 'IT. htll, 21$,
North Main st. Secretary, F. J.
Glenn, Box 585.
CENTRAL PIPE FITTERS' UNION 11
No. 710-Meets first and third ,
Fridays in each month, at K. of P. v
hall. John Kerrigan, secretary, 13'2 i
Iowa ave., Butte. Executive commit
tee meets every Friday night.
MILL, SMELTER AND SURFACE
WOIRKERS, UNION. ---- Affiliated
with Metal Mine Workers' union of
Amnerica. holds regular meetings each
Friday evening at 10 1 South Idaho
struet. All Mill. Smelter and Surface
Workers are requested to attend. M.
I). Smith, Treasurer.
ELECTRICAL WOI IlKEtIS, LOCAL
UNION No. 65.---Meets every Mon
day evening at K. P. hall. President,
John L. Daly; vice president, E. E.
Brown; recording secretary, Nick Ma
rick; financial secretary and business
agent, W. C. Medhurst. Secretary's
office room 106 Penn. Blk.
OF MACHINISTS' HEI.PERS, No.
859-Meets every Friday evening at
1. O. G. T. hall, 215 N. Main st., at
7:30 p. m.
OF MACHINISTS. No. 88--Meets
every Thursday evening at K. of P.
hall, South Main st. F. J. Lynch,
financial secretary; J. F. O'Brien,
business agent, Carpenters' hall.
MUSICIANS' UNION---Meets third
Tuesday in each month; board of
directors meets first Tuesday. A.
Budd, president; W. E. Vincent. sec
retary, 116 Hamilton st. Tel.2858-W.
UNITED ASSOCIATION OF PIUMB-.
ERS AND STEAM FITTIERS, Lo
cal No. 41--Meets every Monday, S
p. m., Carpenters' hall. Secretary, M.
J. Dignan, Box 740. Office: Room
8, Carpenters' hall.
SIIEET METAL WORKERS' UNION
-Meets second and fourth Tues
days in each month, at Carpenters'
hall. M. O'Neill, secretary, Box 19G6.
METAL MINE WOIRK:I RIS' UNION
(Independent) --Meets every Tues
day evening at 8 o'clock, at hall, 101
South Idaho st. Open meetings on
"change" Sundays at 2 o'clock. Fred
C. Clough, secretary. Tel. 2159.
CASCADE COUNTY TRADES AND
LABOR ASSOCIATION -- Meets
every Friday night at 8 o'clock at
Carpenters' hall. Secretary, Frank
Kiernan, P. O Box 560. Phone 6834.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' LOCAl
No. 635 meets every first and third
Mondays, American hall. Stee Ire
land, Pres. J. It. Costello, Soc.
BUTTE BUTCHERS' UNIION -Meets
every Thursday at 8 p. in. at
Eagles' hall, Lewisohn building. I'.
A. Geiser, secretary. P. O. box 82.
OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS; in
side wiremen, local No. 623, meets
every Monday night at Carpenters
hall at 8 o'clock.
Say you saw it advertised in thi
LEVIATHAN BRINGS BACK MORE MIDDLE WEST DOUGHBOYS
............................. .................. ......ý'ý">;fe%;
! ' :"
¶_'lie stlllerinc I ",itithll~ in rinlging nI lt inure't anldinhl western iloughboys back froml Frnn ce Tile portraits are of
[trig. Cn. \V. C. litivrs ni Teninese (lefti) th~e rnntizng otbuice aboarid, and Cot. Robert Bacon foimer ambassador
to 1 'anlce}
~'7 ·. r7":..
%. ..i ' iiF":.,r..w Mi:Gi ]Yie nv.
..~, .,, 3 ¢ ' :or
r r i
iiý + iN~iii " i
Thelc steamer Leviathan b:I1 Iringing a let nurse midditlle western dloughlboy' backr fromn France. Thle portraits are of
Blrigr. Ge~n. W\. C'. Ilitccrs of Tennesaee (leftl), thle rankingug officer aboardt, andl Col. R~obert Bacon, former ambassador
OF LBB IS
An editorial recently appl'aring in
the Madison (Wis.) ('apital Ti'mes.
contains so mallny truths which
are so0 alpplicable to all o01mmunili es
at the present time thia We rtepul3b
lish part of the article, 1h'a'intg ill
mind that the Capital Tinmes is 1not a
labor paper. The editorial .:ayS; ill
"Do) the people' o Madison re'-og
nize tllhe imprllll 't Ce f the industriall
struggle that1 is 1now going 3on3 1e h3r3 10
thie co3mmllt3uity a3s a whole?
"The Capital Times brlieves that
thi present contest is the fight1 of
every Il3a3I anid women who\I1 really be
lieves in .th1 welfare of Madison. The
catse c3an be stated in a few wordts:
"1. The 'real stlll ggle here is over
the question of lthe recognition of the
principle of collectiVoe bargaining.
"2. United States department of
labor statistics prove that wages are
lowest whlere labor is the most 3poorly
3organized1 ; that wage.s a.l:e high'st
where labor is 3most highly or'gull
"?t. Wher'e w3ag(es 1are low tlhere is
111or1e destitution, the 11 community vi
tality is lower, sickness is 3morl3e 3prev
alent, childr'en get less of nourish
lllellt, (rimlle figllures mo333 un333t higher,
and there is less energy and life a3nd
conientment ill the 3rant, and file.
"4'. Wher'e the con(3n33on peoptle lave'
less lmoney to spend the Ibulsilness mellnll
dot a smaller amount of businoss,
they lose more ill bad debts, I a more
inferior lot of goods are l(bought, 11te
salvigs are less.
"Are there any bigger con3131dmunity
)problelms than these for the peoplle
of Madison to face? Are there any
bigger problems for 'Madison busi
ness men3 to face?
"('lever corporatio' n lawyers lmay
write technical defenses for their cli
en1ts; tile empl'l loyeT's 33may call it the
empnlloyes inlldividllu;lly 1and promlise
Sthem1 higher wages Ito stay on the
L jobl; the emplloyers l3may talk of agi
tation and class hal3tr e d and bolshev
isni as m3ea;ns to hu131:13(boo the l'en13
away from industrial justice, I.tut
back of it a1ll standsl3 the one big
",Madllison emp33tloyer:: are figllting
to con33tinue 31,dison os a low wage
"Where are' thle people'3 ' of Madison
33going t( stand in I1his fight---- with
thle employers)y or witl the 1)1)13 ?
"1)o you really lov.e Madison and
do yon really w11 ant this colllllmmunity
to liurelh forward?
"('in we set 111' the old l113bor' s ntland
3ard:1 here, keep w\ages down3 , allow
llthe Irich rto become richer and the
1po r to 3( 3ol'O 3 1 1)O ' nd' I3313 ll1lkt(
this a better city?
"Which do yo3 pr'efer, Mr. (Grocer
N Mr.. Mer.chant, Mr. 3 ea. 3 l l.:tate Mal
3and .\r1. 13133nker?
".\s good bui5si'ne333.', men, isn't ii
3good Ibusiness to raise the' 33prsperit3
level of Madlison as a whole"'?
PRINITES RAISE Wi[ES
Portlanld. Ore., May 1. An arbi
trationl board has made thel follow
ing award for newslpaper loniebers of
Typographical union No. 5S: $7.50
for day work and $S.25 for night
work, with 71/2 hours' overtime day
rate, $1.50 an hour: night. $1.115 an
hour. These increases shall date back
to the first of the year.
The board said that the wage de
miand was "reasonable and jul ," aind
that the evidence suhiniittem sihowed
that the cost of living in this city has
increased 72 per cent since 1911 4.
The board further stated thnl
skilled workmen in othter crafts ii
Portland have been, and are now, re
coiving a very much higher salte oi
wages than. is being paid to thiost
i printers, and that the advance of i
per cent in 1917 "was wholly inadi.
(niate" to meet the increased cost oi
living and was accepted by the work
crs only as a means of securing othei
N, D, [IGIT-HOUD LAW
UPHELD DY U. S, GOURT
Federal Judge Amidon Re
fuses Injunction to Out
side Coal Company.
Fargo, N. I., April 30.-- ('Corpora
tionls which seek to evade just laws
by slhrewd 1business tricks were scath
ingly rebuked by Federal Judge Ani
(ton, ill denyinlg a petition of the Beu
lah Coal Miniing company for a tIei
poral'y injunctioi n to restrain enforce
in(]nt of the North Dakota law fixing
an eight-hoiur day for coal miners of
The compnlany planned an eolab
o()at' sclheiii e to sidestep the 1)ro
visions of the law, just before it went
into effect. It formed a partnership
of 42 elnployes, who "leased" tlhe
mine froi thlie company for a term
of two years, contracting to sulpply
coal to the co'porlation at the ratle
of 10l tlonls a day at $1.50 a mine
car. The "partners" in tlie mine
wer' given weekly, daily or monlthlily
lpaiyellnts, or ill the case of aetnal
llilner'S, were paid in proplortion to
the coal mined. 'Thie "parlnership"
agreemnent also specified that nione
lbut "partners" were to bIe employed
in the minie.
In order to take tlie matter out of
t(he hands of the state court and place
it before a federal judge, who would
have no connection with tlhe Non
palrtisaln leagule and who could hope
for nothing politically from the
league by reason of his life appoint
ment to the office, the company in
serloed a chalrge that the enlforcemlent
violated their c'onstitutional riglhts.
,hlJIgc IExlposes Trick.
The partnerts'hip agreement of the
compllly and the menll it was de
clared by Jultdge A miidon, was clearly
an effort. to evade tile law. It was
made a little more than a week he
fore the law becanle effective, and
was put into effect at once.
lIeulah Mining comlpany, which
is a Minnesota corporation. in at
t('emllpting to stop enforcement of the
Itt., when threatiened by the state
tmining inspector, said that it was im
possi.ble to operate except ait a loss,
ulnd'er the law. In order to enforce
the statute, the North Dakota mining
insplector threatened criminal prose
tlltions, and if necessary the closing
of the mine, as provide(l in tile law.
In his decision, Judge Amidoni
Ssa id :
(" co'ml)irison bIetween the dates
of the lease andl the contlract of part
ner-hip with the date when the law
took effect, makes reasonably clear
thai the plaintiff's business plan is
I iie ire sulb!ol lfue to escape the pro
vI\'io t of e state law. Courts of
e'qit do not exist to further suc(h
sle.he les. ilThi plaintiff is asking that
th: enfoliclentllt of a state law bti
iiiilnti ll prose'cutionl shall be ire
l:;ined Iy an iinjunction. To declare
a I xw inconstit titional is a high ex
rcie of judlicial power, and to rc
rain ordiniary criminal prosecittions
folr ht violatlion of a criminal law is
ilan exercise of even miore u1111tsual
l '. A plaintiff who seeks such
rlif lllllst presnt ll case of tithe most
ublsla tital Ilrits and support Ito
,;llnt, by convincing proof. The hlll
exhibits noi sulcth raso.
" ·tports froll Parillis indicate thatl l
an eight-hour day is to bie made tht
law of thile civilized world. The owtne
of at coal iinte whlo says that it cat
n!t e' c(ltried on ex'etl at a loss
ol the basis of an eight-hour day
is probablly mlistaken. If he is not
there is something the matter witi
tihe managetment of his business. lii
;should look to that instetad of resort
inig to the courts. Such laws can nol
be exvaded by moere clevern'ess of tbusi
ness forins. suctl as the plaintiff lia
The' 1plilication for a tempturarit'
injunct ion \\will, therefore, be denied.'
Ns!xt to having to fire a profess(m
t)bei;lluse a special interest orders it
I having to take him back becatuse o
ipopulallr itnignation inuslt be a soil
wrenchinig affair to a college presi
dent. The iman who fired Dr. Lu.ui
Levine from the University (if Mion
ia- i e )aulllsc e of his book on taxatiin
has felt both.
BIulletin Boosters should patronize
In connection with the telegrams
thet have appeared in the daily prese.
abouti political riots in India and the
use of airplanes and machine guns
in ",uppressing them, the following
fact:; culled from the telegrams that
have appeared in the London Times
of April 2 will be of interest to
('oercion Bills Passed.
March 18. -Opposition to the an
archical and revolutionary crimes bill
(the bill framed on the Rowlatt re
port) continuied to the end. After
another day's debate the bill passed
bIy 3' votes to 20.
The total strength of the council
is 60. E% (ry Indian imember was
opposed to the passage of the bills.
Mr. hIanuerjeo and Mr. l)inshaw
W.lact appealed It the viceroy to
withhold his assent until it was
proved that the bill was absolutely
necessary. Several memlbers again
held out the prospect of an intense
agitation and a passive resistance
It is impossible to say how the
passive resistance movement will de
velop, but it appears to be obtaining
little support. The bill to introduce
changes in the penal code and crim
inal procedure code, as modified by
the select committee, is being re
ferred to the local governments and
other bodies for opinions, and prob
ably will be passed at the next ses
sion of the council.
Itlombay Market Closed.
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Bombiay, March 19.--(Delayed.)-
The passage of the Rowlatt bill for
dealing with seditious conspiracies
has led to curious developments of
the passive resistance movement in
For some days past bear operators
have been endeavoring to create, a
panicr inl the local market, where
prices are rising, and today the mar
ket was closed as a protest against
the passage of the Rowlatt bill. Pos
te.rs ware' displayed throughout the
city. in English and the vernacular.
urging thte non-payment of taxes, and
asking the people to resist the orders
of a I yrannical government.
There are plentiful rumors as to
the flllllre course of action, such as
a boyucott of European goods and
refusal to unload ships. It is im
possihle at present to state whether
aiiy -reduence can be attached to these
riiinrsn , wyich hitherto indicate only
a gentiral state of excitement arising
front inalility to realize the gravity
of the :i 1uation revealed in the Row
latit ri port, which gave rise to these
uniil,lilar legislative measures.
i'asive IResistance IResolved.
li:,reh 19.---The JMadras corre
spli:,llnt cables: The moderate party
tIf l,]i ; il politicians publish a mani
"'. I s ating that the only course
' . .l tio get rid of the Rowlatt bill
is 1i, s-cure disallowance of the mneas
ure Ilv tlie crown. They have accord
i!=.:; sent a telegram to the secre
ta1 t ,of state praying the crown to
dis::i.lw the legislation, on the
ir, ands that it has been hurried
S1!i., ih the council against the unan
Si:n opposition of the Indian mem
li-. tlhat the country is absolutely
i -I;:eful, and that there exists no
i nIi for legislation, the present pow
S'ers: c'ing ample for all unexpected
The NONPARTISAN LEAGUE is fighting the ENEMIES
of you both. Big Business is robbirg Farmers and Wage
Earners alike. You must come tcgether, fight together
and you'll win together. The NONPARTISAN LEAGUE
is the LINK that will bring you TOGETHER.
Farmers, Join the League! Wage-Earners, Support It!
emergencies. They also urge that
the atmosphere created by the Row
latt bill is absolutely prejudicial to
the successful working of reforms
and to effect co-operation between
the people and the government.
Whilst disapproving the nLowlatt lee
islation, the moderate party consider
the movement in favor of passive re
sistance highly inexpedieht.and' in=
jurious to the best interest: of the
At a mass medting held in Madras
yesterday Mrs. Sarojini Naidu spoke
in favor of passive resistance, and
said that to every nation in its on
ward progress there might come a
time when it should defy the law.
Justice and law, she said, were not
synonymous terms. Law was the re
sult of a pact between the people aim
the government. In India the people
were a conqiuere'l people, aind whnl(l
the pact was entered into with the
government it was not ohw.rvei.
Surely Madras could resist the law,
and there was no disloyalty in so do
ing. By submitting to the itowlat
bill they would reach the climax of
all that they had hitherto been e:i
Iron Heel in India. ('ivil ilighls
Abolished by New Coercion Acts.
("Daily Herald" Foreign Service.)
Calcutta, Tuesday.--The coercion
acts which have just become law, are
causing great agitation and unrest
throughout India. Before they were
passed public meetings of protest
were held all over the country, and
all the elected mnembers of the vice
roy's council were opposed to them.
The acts are so drafted that any
one whose writing or speaking is dis
liked by officials, may be arraigned
and tried under special processes
which in effect abolish all ordinary
law. The well-known Indian patriot
Gandhi has organized a passive re
sistance movement. Before doing so
le wired to the viceroy appealing to
him to drop the bills.
Mrs. Besant has arranged to sup
port this movement; she will assist
in passively resisting and violating
these bills, but will oppose all at
tempts to break the ordinary law of
The pledge of passive resistance
has been published with a list of 80
names, including most of the prom
inent people in Bombay presidency.
Gandhi insisted on a clause binding
the signatories to do no harm1 to life
1icti'roy's ItDeclarat ion.
I)elhi, March 21.-(Delayed.)--In
the legislative council today the vice
roy in closing the session, referred
to the Rowlatt bills and the un
doubted existence of definitely revo
lutionary organization of India.
During the final debate. (he said)
I was asked to withhold my assent
to the bill: in other words I was
asked in my position as viceroy to
withhold my assent to measures
which in my capacity as governor
general I had regarded as essential.
I think honorable members will see
what an impossible position they
wanted me to take up.
WHERE THE UNION
During a sand lot agitation for
Chinese exclusion in San Francisco,
a manufacturer of cigars attempted
to use Chinese labor. The trade un
ionists waged a determined and in
telligent resistance, and assured of
public patronage the question arose
as to how the consumer might dis
criminate between the union made
cigar and the "rat shop," filthy made
At first a white label was used,
placed upon all boxes of cigars made
by white men, signifying that those
boxes of cigars bearing the white la
bel were made by white men as
against the yellow of the Orient.
In the following year, during a
strike of cigarmakers in St. Louis, a
label was printed in red ink, and at
their next convention, held in Chi
cago in the year 1880, the reds and
whites became embroiled in a con
troversy as' to whether they should
adopt the white label or the red la
bel as their universal label, when,
as the story goes, one of their ready
witted delegates arose and shouted:
"Mr. Chairman, what's the use of
squabbling over the color of the la
bel? Let's take the other color of
the flag and adopt a blue label."
And that's the way the blue label
of the cigarmakers was given birth.
Other organizations, noticing the
success of the cigarmakers, set about
adopting a label of their craft, and
in the year 1885 the hatter's label ap
peared, the following year the gar
ment workers, in 1891 the horse
shoers,' shoemakers,' and iron mold
ers' label appeared, and so on down
the line until now practically ever,
organization working at a manufac
turing craft has adopted a label of
Don't be just a card tman be a real
union man by demanding the union
label on goods that you purchase;
demand the union label, the union
card and the union button wherever
it can be nrocured.
At a Regular Meeting of the
Metal Mine Workers' Un
ion, April 29, Following
Resolutions Were Passed.
Metal 'Mine Workers' Hall, Butte,
Mont. April 28, 1919.
To the Silver Bow Trades and Labor
''oun l1. the Affiliated Locals and
the Workers of. Butte:
Grecling: The time has arrived
,',h' n the workers of Butte all s.e
and realize the necessity of getting
together in a progressive working
For five years past the largest part
of the workers of Butte, who are the
muine workers, have been unorgan
ized until 191'7 when, they organized
independently into the Metal Mine
Workers' union and carried on a
strike of nearly seven months' dura
tion which was partially successful.
Again in June, 1918, we were pre
paring to call another strike, but
through our agitation at that time,
a raise of wages was granted Iy the
mine operators to all workers in the
industry. Our two successes have
shown the mine workers of Butte
that we are a union in more than a
During these five years, there have
been several ineffectual attemlpt on
the part of the officials of the old
discredited Western Federation of
Miners, which is now camounflaged
with the name of International Mine,
Mill and Smelter Workers' union,
to organize the mine workers of
Butte. Finally, last Tuesday evening
the Silver Bow Trades and Labor
council voted to help organize the
mine workers into the above men
tioned I. M. M. & S. W. U.; provided
that organization would not insist on
claiming jurisdiction over craft un
ion men employed in the mining in
dustry in Butte.
This action was bitterly resented
on the part of the mine and mill
workers who are organized outside
of the so-called bona fide labor move
ment, even those who have not as
yet joined any organization, have
declared themselves against the I. M.
M. & S. W. U.
A meeting of the mine and mill
workers was called for last Sunday
evening at the Metal Mine Workers'
union hall and an invitation was ex
tended to the delegates of the Silver
Bow Trades and Labor council to
explain their peculiar action in the
council by agreeing to trade the mine
and mill workers into an organiza
tion that the mine and mill workers
did not want, and the delegates, by
their action, showed that the I. M.
M. & S. W. U. was not acceptable to
At this meeting in which the con
troversy was thoroughly discussed
by both the delegates of the council
and' the mine and mill workers, a
vote was taken which demonstrated
that the mine and mill workers were
unanimously opposed to the trade of
fered by the Trades' council. A com
mittee was elected to draft a plan
whereby all the workers of Butt(
could get together and act as a unit
against the Employers' association
at any and all times.
After careful consideration by this
committee of the questions involved,
we recommend that all the local un
ions and the unorganized workers
take up and investigate the plan of
action mapped out by the craft and
industrial unions of western Canada..
This plan is for industrial and po
litical action, en masse, for the abo
lition of the present wage system
and in substitution thereof the co
operative ownership by the workers
of the machinery of production and
Your committee contends this to
be the only solution. This plan of
action has been tried out success
fully in various parts of the world,
which are considered progressive. We
do not expect results immediately.
We feel that it will take time,
thought and discussion before this
plan will have the endorsement of
those who have believed that "a fair
day's work for a fair day's pay" was
all that could be looked for in the
Taking into consideration the fact
that there have been bona fide labor
unions in this camp for a period of
40 years and the workers' conditions
are worse than at the start, and, as
effective organizations, the present
plan of the Silver How council is con
sidered a backward step by us as it
means craft unionism, pure and sim
ple; therefore, we offer the Canadian
plan as a solution.
We urge the local unions and the
members and thile unorganized work
ers of the camp to study thoroughly
this form of organization and its
proposed methods. This can be taken
up at each meeting of the locals and
if this is done we contend that it
will not be lolng before thile workers
of Butte will be in one great union
with one ambition--A WORKERS'
We respectfully submit the above
plan for your consideration.
FRED G. CLOUlGH.
Read and endorsed at a regular
mIeeting, held April 29, of Metal Mine
FRED G. CLOUGH,
Phone 52 If You Want to
Use Bulletin Want Ads.
WALSH DECLABES AIMEfHICA
IS SITTING ON VOLCANO
Chicago, May 1.-In a trenchant
article in the "New Majority," the
organ of the Chicago labor party,
Frank P. Walsh. until recently joint
chairman with William Howard Taft
of the war labor board, gives his
views on the industrial problem. Ex
cerpts of the article follow:
Is America sitting on an industrial
volcano? I think so. Nobody is wise
enough to predict what may happen
in this or that contingency, but some
things are clear.
Under the guise of "assisting the
government," the exploiters of labor
in peace time became the exploiters
of the Whole nation in the time of its
greatest stress. Few, if any, prose
cutions followed, and where convic
tions were bad, the penalties were
ridiculously low compared with those
inflicted upon persons accused of vio
lating the espionage act and other
war-time statutes by speech and writ
When the war ended, and before
the sound of the artillery had died
away, many of these same exploiters,
in combination and as individuals,
began to demand reductions in the
"swollen wages of the war period,"
as they put it. They coupled this with
a savage resistance to the mainte
nance and extension of the eight-hour
day; the same old repressive and il
legal opposition to the free right of
organization, and a cynical disregard
of any right whatsoever of the work
er to his job.
The truth is, of course, that wages
nowhere in the United States have
begun to keen pace with the increase
in the cost of living. The ordinary
laborer in the United States is still
compelled to take a wage that leaves
him below the line of a living in
health and reasonable comfort; while
even the highest paid skilled work
man, with the exertion of aill of his
skill and strength both in the fac
tory and in his union organization,
has been compelled to take the los
er's end on account of the war.
All just men concede that every
honest worker has a property right
in his job and that it must be recog
nized by employers as well as by the
laws of the state and nation.
All intelligent persons know that
long hours are not only a physical
detriment, but tend to stunt mental
development and to rob the state of
the assistance of millions of men and
women who should have time to at
tend to their social and political du
ties;, that the body and soul demand
time for recreation and contempla
tion which must not be denied in any
farm of society entitled to endure.
I do not know what the workers
will eventually demand, but I do
know that they demand and will
have at least these fundamental
To those who would stand in the
way of justice belongs the responsi
bility for whatever may happen if
these rights are persistently denied.
S-HOUR DAY URGED;
MINERS OFTEN IDLE
Indianapolis, May 1.-In defense of
'he six-hour day demand of organ
ized coal miners, the United Mine
Workers' Jodirnal quotes statistics
by the United States bureau of mines
to show that during the past 10 years
the average days worked in the mines
of this country ranged between 195
days in 1908 to 251 days in 1917. Nn
figures are given for last year, when
all mining records were broken, al
though 70,000 members of the Unit
-d Mine Workers were with the mili
"We see from these official fig
ures," says the United Mine Workers
Journal, "that even in the years whet
the demand for coal was at its high
est point the miners worked only an
average of from 209 days (in 1915)
to 251 days (in 1917) out of thi
312 working days of the year. And
yet they met every demand and ever)
requirement. They could have pro
duced a billion tons of coal in a yeai
if it had been needed, instead of ap
proximately 660,000,000 tons, whicl
was the highest mark.
"If the miners produced this
amount of coal in 251 eight-houm
days, they could have met the samn
demand in 312 six-hour days. And
if they were paid the same price pet
ton for producing the coal, what dif
ference would it make in the cosl
whether they produced the coal' it
eight hours or six hours? None what
"If the miners can produce in si,
hours all the coal that is needed, whi
should they be required to work eighi
to get out the same amount of coal?'
Philadelphia, May 1.--"Tubercu
losis still ranks as the master mur
derer," says the Philadelphia Nortl
American in an editorial entitled "'
New Fight on an Old Foe.
"Last year in Pennsylvania alone,'
says this paper, "tuberculosis wan
the direct cause of nearly 13,00(
deaths-just one-seventh of thi
combined total of deaths in actioi
and from wounds, disease and acci
dent suffered by the American arm:
during the present war. Its harves
of funerals in the 48 states was more
than 150,000. And at this hour sonm
2,000,000 persons in this country anr
suffering from it--500 of whom wil
be dead by tomorrow morning!
"These are bare facts concernini
the greatest battle we have to fight
And because this disease is no re
spector of persons they must make r
vital appeal to every one. And.th(
more so since tuberculosis is pre