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Entered as Second-Class Matter, D)eeembhr 18, 1917. at the 'Postoffice at Butte, Montana
Under Act of March 3. 1879.
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The Daily Btflletin is on sale every day at the followitg places in Butte.
Jac.ques Drug Co.. tarrison anl -'basn De.pot Drug Sto(re, 823 East Pront St.
Go.-ge .. Atmes, .r.. 3:16 12 N 1,Main St. P. O. News Stand. West Park St.
]it( rll.ciont a Nrrws Sta Snail. S. .\ .1 11L St.
Palace f Sw ets, 3ercuy Sand 1,i St. lrkins" Gro.c:y, 123 Talbot Ave.
Evcrybody'wsNeras Stand, 215 S. Montana Helena Confe,-tiouery, 735 East Park St.
) SATI'IRDAY. MAY 3, 1T !l.
NO LONGER A REFUGE.
\\'l tll all II'.Ili ' I of hlie slei e l-eagle lýlie Wishes It) lin ke a
l iarlii'ihl'ly telliilg J),iIlI. lie al\\lys rtefer, li thle L ilted States
lie i l't , i('es i i, lllie e (' 1la \\ 'lili Ite h f'et' ('II f i 'iils ;lll Ilby
;lielltakillu t ' d o lliric a.l el' l 'ie 'o l ill' lit ll''lh iltal IllttilliP. w ho
fil I i, reii'-'t e I i ti \llte.ric ti.
I'ise.l. e, Imi ' ei l I'l, II Il flis (itllelic t aesill, Rl ossinlll s fleeing
i ,m t file I i.'.iln v I,1' ti tzar. (te igl tii 'reed t, lia ie file
: tlhe'I l ill i l 18 iS. ' ill \\ 'ere \\elii . ii' el. CI iJei II% e 8i1i t, r l t iitl
\\,,a I' tit e lm it ' eli .- tiritiu -' .-. fit'e Clt- llll: Imi S il\\Uy: .\llll'i(il l
ia h'ill'ii innH i A iil' eric''s grestsiti, Siiil of Amerca Iai
i'. , ,tl.f t r I i r a l, le('lor ,1 il, Ith s e \011, are fI' l C'eed 1to exile thelll
l\t- t'frm lvcii tlinative lrlltl. he..hoe tahey weprtestel against
tperselcution: mlrt'e l ,rlicDla rly if lthey- Iled< frtoni mtne u ' linrit
ain's fltr-lliig l)oSse,.si lls.
il Il lia. the oll l~ l,,,. - hate i i lr, .,'li tlli of l lou vellei l:
hf eyi deireiven of wefuge wei l' the fol- Iisng en dhapsire those wis.
YeThi. listhere ares is those of he tl iledt Sutates whir are to be
oe,,l~ , 1,toa I llc t f'a l l'e t1t,+1 l agltlwl Iuetetl 01t l. lheir
twere executs ill I their returlll ateor l ti l liby a it.optle. fl of three,
Tpe (ointeditill \ rIl hit the 'ill\\in i, say illthe ngish goenill
ih his rmen who were eecutied fte1 litil retr f ers the Unlityed
State lis,:nces the el llli e oin acic-Hdoosa areetio
India. on her knees, pleading for ingi.y finards nothing but ontemp Sgh
l dangeons for heA rebel hn L and daughters. akshish Sigh, eu
Walt Whitman America's greatest sing. Sa Singer, said of An Seria: "I amgl,
tho frSingh. of every daunltless rebel." , how can, we "proudly boast
ndf or heaven of refuge." who are no in the tefollwing blcan happien to those who
came to us for protection and help?
This list of names is those of Indians who returned to India and
were exeCuted oi their return after a trial by a commission of three,
appointed by the English government: 4
The men who were executed after their return from the United
States: Only crime, membership in Pacitic-Hindoostan association,
treason: Gurdit Singh. Balwant Singh, Kartar Singh. Dhian Singh.
Kanshi Raug. Rahmat Ali Khan, Lal Singh, Bakhtshish Singh, Jenlin
Si Singat Sing, Sein' Sijan Singh, Isar Singh. ilihan Singh, Kala Singh,
Atma Singh. Buta Singh. Banta Singh, Chadan Singh, Buishnu Ganesh
Pingle, Ka.nga Singh, lir Singh. Snttai Singh, Rur Singh and Narain
And also this list. who are now in the terrible prisons and prison
camps of India for life:
Bhai Parmanand, Ram Saran. Rala Singh, Surain Singh. 1Vasawa
Singh, Parma Nand, Kala Singh, Udham Singh, Indar Singh, Gurdit
Singh. Chuhr Singh. Je Si Singh, L ala Singhi, Kharak Singh, Inde
Singh, Shib Singh. Kirpal Singh, ('hnttar Singh, Ilarnam Singh, Su
rain Singh, Jagat Singh, Bakhshish Singh, Nidhai Singh, Surain Singh,
Sher Singhds, Khr Singh, Dirdi Singh, Lal Singh, e Iarnan Singh, agat
am, K lhushhallt Singh Pirthi Singh, Nnd Singh, Bhna. Sigh, Chuhr
Singh, Gurkul Singh, Bishan Singhi. iadan Singh, Indar Singh. Gar
anthi. Jawala Singh. Mangal Snigh, Piara Singh, Run Singh. Sher
Singh. Basakha Singh, Kishaun Das. Baja Singh. .lamana l)as and
Hari Singh. Bhagwan Singh terms ends July 29; Saitbokh Singh
term ends Ott. 2, 1919; Turknath 1)as term ends Nov. 2. 1919.
Commission of three appointed by English government.
Trial conducted at Lahore Punjav, India.
,VWhy should .America murder this Hindoo accessory before the fact?
I)eportation will follow.
They were tried and condemned at Lahore Pun jay, India. No jury
of ilinidoos passed oil their guilt or inniiocenice. It was execution and
prison by British commission.
And now, another is to bie dteportcd.
(loplal Sillgh Sohi was tried and cionvicted iand sentenllced' for one
year and it day for iarrying on pirolpagandla work for the liberation of
India, which is said to be against the neutrality laws of this country.
He acknowledged that he dlid aid in this prolpaganda, and that he be
lo nged to the association that was organized for that purpose.
He has served his terml. and now, after a brief hearing, hlie is or
dered del)orte'd, and that mIeains death or inlprisonmleni t on his retullrn
to "tthe country fromi which hie came."
Why send these back to be killed? Why not do that ourselves if
hle lie so had a man that he is dangerous to human society?
IDid we deport Mlrs. Sketlington, are we deplorting the Irish president,
who is now in this country lurging all Irishlnien to back ulp Ithe new
Irish republic? Are we deporting the ietainers of the czar, who are
plotting every ntmomenit for the overthrow of the. soviet governmeiiiit of
Russia uiand the re-establish lient of the old order there?
D)on't think that I aim advocating the deplortation of any of these.
1 am for Ireland. I aiii or the soviet. I would not have friend or
foe deported, but ill comlparlison, why the tliscrimnination? If the law
is winked at for one or two groups, then why the strict letter of it for
It is answered perhalps in one word: Power. The Irish have a
balallce of voting and ilndustrial power in America. The caulse of
India looks as just to us as the cause of Ireland, aind we think that
the cause of the Russian czar propagandists is absolutely without any
sense of justice whatever. Again we say why the discrimuination?
And the brother 11indoo mentioned above is not the only one slated
for deportation. Three more are to go if "the law" is carried out, for
we are not disputing that it is "the law."
Blhagwan Singh's term ends at McNeal's Island the 29th of July,
1919; Santhokh Singh, Oct. 2. 1919; and Tarknath I)as, Nov. 2. 1919.
They were also convicted for "prllopaganda" ill this country andll for
:,ending it to their own country.'
The only questioln that arises is: Shoull these nmen hie sent to
India to lie shot or to lie in prison for life for propaganda? For
William Jennings tByran and LaFollette put out thle same kind of
propaganlda in behalf of India that these miien put oult. In fact, part of
their proplaganda was what they wrote and circulated.
Such nmen as Frank Walsh, Paul U. Kellogg and others of equal note
are now pleading for these men to be saved from the English firing
We have no brief, except the brief of humanity, for these Hindoos.
We have the right of an American citizen to appeal to you who love
justice, and who d(o not want the blood of inllnocenut menl on your hallnds
to save these limeni from delportation.
Murder is plurder, and Amiierica illust not Ite , partner in the crimes
of other nations against the men and women who battle for liberty.
I et its nake good our poet's boast that America "is thl frienld of every
WAGE AND CHATTEL SLAVERY.
'There is a striking similarl'ity Iel\weenl the eents ee ' Ittol
iall the iperiod l' 1, or 15 \etlrs illnletliately pl'rccelillg Ithe
civil \tl r'.
The issue thc Ien was .thallel slavery: Itday Lt is wage slavery;
fhli , ille H g ments all'e I('i . Inlse, ill slllpoPl't Of \vO agi sl v'et'y
thai were used ly the prollnellk ,l' .chattel" slavelry in the
slre'nIIuttis times that led tul toti the \wat of the rebellion.
The right of allt persoll to iTl'er ho sale or to pulrchase Ihe
bodites ti' blactk lImenl was ituleld by Ihe chtirches of the slaive
states aldl it porltiot of the clerg> int the border states also
favoi'ed the prlactile. tihe sacr'ed right i I ll'ropelt ill the botlies
of black lmen was laught ill the schl.tls andt tie press sup
ported this inlfiltamills doctrile.
tll the border states where opiniotl \\was dived on the ques
tion tlhat finall rentv the nation by civil strife, whenever the
iitivotntos t chtltltel slavery w\O'lr in tower. dtratit laws wore
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
1'NITED MINE WORKERS OF' A'!ERICA-LQcals: Stand Coulee,
Stocket, Rounglup, Lehigh, Klein. Washoo, -Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION--Livingiston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls. Butte, Livingston.
M3ACHINISTS HELPERS' UNION - Great Falls, Butte.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte and Miles City.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte.
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
P'LASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS -Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' 1'NION-- Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION---Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S I'NION---Butte.
IBARBERS' UNION- -Iutte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION (Independent)-Butt,.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
MAILERS' UNION Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS -lButte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION--Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION. IOCAL NO. 276 -Butte.
LAUNDRY W\ORKERS' UNION, NO. 25-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA. LOCAL NO.
224- Miles City.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION--Helena.
BROTHERHOO1D RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION--Butte.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS. LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
Ipaissed Il prlihlitil. g ally free exlpr'eioin of opinion oil the burn-i
illg quiestion of, the day.
The histuricatil period we refer to affords such a strikingi
parallel \\ith the conlditions of today, wlheni wage slavery is s
tlie issue, that we give lelomw an extirnc fIrom what has since n
bIeen called the "horder Itlllian (olle" tof the territory of
Sec. 3. If any free person shall, by speaking, writing or printing, c
advise, persuade, or induce any slaves to rebel, conspire against, or t
murder any citizen of this territory, or shall bring into, print, write, t
publish or circulate, or cause to brought into, printed, written, pub- t
lished or circulated, or shall knowingly aid or assist in the bringing t
into printing, writing. publishing or circulating in this territory, any
book, paper, magazine, pamphlet or circular, FOR THE PURPOSE r
OF EXCITING INSURRECTION, REBELLION, REVOLT OR CON- t
SPIRACY ON THE PART OF THE SLAVES, FREE NEGROES OR
MULATTOES, AGAINST THE CITIZENS OF THE TERRITORY OR
ANY PART OF THEM, SUCH PERSON SHALL BE GUILTY OF FEL- I
ONY AND SHALL SUFFER DEATH.
Sec. 11. If any person print, write, introduce into, publish or cir- t
culate, or cause to be brought into, printed, written, published or cir
culated, or shall knowingly aid or assist in bringing into, printing,
publishing or circulating within this territory any book, paper, pant
phlet, magazine, handbill or circular, containing any statements, argu
mients, opinions, sentiment, doctrine, advice, or innuendo, calculated
to produce a disorderly, dangerous or rebellious disaffection among
the slaves in this territory, or to induce such slaves to escape from
the service of their masters, or to resist their authority, he shall be
guilty of felony, and be punished by imprisonment and hard labor for
a terml of not. less than five years.
Sec. 12. IF ANY FREE PERSON. BY SPEAKING OR BY WRIT
ING, ASSERT OR MAINTAIN THAT PERSONS HAVE NOT THE
RIGHT TO I-HOID) SLAVES IN THIS TERRITORY, OR SHALL IN
TRODUCE INTO TIllS TERRITORY, PRINT. PUBLISH, WRITE,
CIRCULATE OR C'AISE TO BE INTRODUCED INTO THIS TERRI
TORY, WRITTEN, PRINTED, PUBLISHED OR CIRCULATED IN
THIS TERIRITORY, ANY BOOK, PAPER, MAGAZINE, PAMPHLET
OR CIRCULAR, CONTAINING ANY DENIAL OF THE RIGHT OF
PERSONS TO HOILD SLAVES IN THIS TERRITORY, SUCH PER
SONS SHALL BE DEEMED GUILTY OF FELONY, and punished by
imlprisonmenlt at hard labor for a term of not LESS THAN TWO
SIlldelr Ilis I ( nt lt u o wl i more l lrastlic i inl ll y re
plhu ls Ih o11 prll' 'i, tl day Statutei s----to agilate I't the fIree
Mel \Vere sent ,4 ,jail. heleln by mobs of slave owners anti
symll t tizers/ . h.aitgetl atil shut. I lleedt. the history of the
border states during [IIi.; trying period is one long, terrible
I c.lrd of persecution uil brutality.
Yel. I!t short years a lt er\i rd, chtllel Iii ve'y was dead.
Its pilae wais tIkenL by.v wtige 5slavedi~. that in maniy re
sliots. is more horrid than the systenm it replaced.
'in.ly the laves of thet mnachllin lle are beginning 1o rebel; a
ne\\'w hi isII alr .a ill the 1a11l, the idea tlihat no man1 shoul
live on Ilte lalor i1' another: the prophets i1 this new creed
are ilmeeting w\il Ithe ,saIkie tItreatllme at Ithe Ihnds of the beue
lcit'iel. iii the lpresent tulj ilst system thalt w\\a meted out to the
Ilil;Onentl it' chaIllttel slavery.
tiottvioled anIiu lIer l ltts hat arei dt.igntilt to perpetuale the
wage' , s.lii,. lthey fill the jails as ilili those brave souls \who
ti i gltl aga itst tihe belief lhat it was rig'hl lanti just to own the
;oldy if another hIllan lneing it' one hll tie tmonley necesstt'ry
t tInr(t'lh Ie it. f
Free u.lpeech is ldeiel the oppi n enii s l. wage slavery; they
aret lt itlhted alnd heatln hen they anltt.il it to assemble; their
ilutter, are suppressed; their cnilntnuni.i..ltins are denied the
mails: apltn Ihem is heapled all .i' (he altii.e--and lmore-tllttt
was Ilteatt upon metn whoi wishel to iree the slaves; yet the
cilails rof chatitel slavery were Irn fn I'r, the litmbs of the ne
grutes: it' idlea grew in strengtlh until il colUlnered all oip
\'uho ltures to say that in spite it Ithl tl'orts of a class wilhl
are tre(nzitdlly t'enldeavtr'ig 1 ostetm lti' nuIislhing tide of work
ii g cla as l, nwledge and w rkiug clah el . ttl. that wage slavery
is to be witlh uis I'reve'r?
Ten tmilli,,n voices tnswer. "It n t-I , ." and just as chat
Stel slavery we'tl the way of ilt .lyrainttu . wage slavery. too,
\ will aillii.: valiish to be replda'hed iby a ,ylen inll which all who
\'ldId eat. mu,,st labor.
. ITALY'S POSITION.
I' i i, dolubtll'. ii' the full siguilticat.c . i, , the break in the peace
',nt'erCelce over tlie question ofi Italy riights under the secret
to teaityv alI lithe slltselquenllt wilthra\Val ,, the Italian delegation
.e when their title to FiunIe wasl denied,. appreciated by the
;o general public.
'S The Itlialln gove'lrnment has beent I I \iarted so many times in
its imperialistic ainlms that tn this ,,'tu'l,-ilt they have -appalr
ently decided to risk all inll an alltemit ti, gailn their ends.
s- I'ibeI with the territor'ial nc.t,-.ih-ins contained inll the
Ie secret putt. Ita4y for a tilme iplydti It., game with the allies:
ire llked il her dehsire toi galin 1 galttini\i It the lilkani$, to make
the Adriatic an "Italian lake," she will try to go back to her
first love, the Teutonic nations: her situation is. desperate for
the very good reason that the imperialists of' -Prussia ad.Aus
tria are no luore; she pins her Ifaith t tolhe. bert-Sclhiedemniaiin
governimelnt, but it, too, is lotteiiniig; the Italian ,people are
tired of war; indeed, competent observers declare that revo
lution would long ago have swept the Ituliali imperialists from
Ipower, could the. people ia\v'ehe beir ceirtain that the food-sup
ply, now received chiefly I'r'onU allied countries, would not have
been cut off.
The Nationi has the f'ollowiii inlteresting coiniueit on the
The seriousness of the break in the Paris conference over the issue
of Fiume, with its consequent withdrawal of the Italian delegates from
the meetings of the "big four," cannot be recognized by a public opin
Ion which has been permitted to receive only the scantiest news from
Italy throughout the armistice period. The Italian threat in Paris
is variously reported as a bluff, as an ultimatum, and as a final sever
Ance of relations; its real significance, ,however, lies in the unhealthy
state of Italian opinion at home. During the past three months a re
vulsion of feeling toward France has been rapidly spreading in Italy.
The conservative press, adopting an apparently inspired tone, has been
suggesting that the traditional enemy of Italy is not Austria or Ger
many, but France; and that it is France and no other nation which has
blocked all along the attainment of Italy's aspirations at the peace
conference. Talk on the streets of Rome and Milan runs constantly
to the effect that Italy will soon be forced to fight France, that the
next war is to start across the Alps, and that there is little doubt of
the ability of Italy to win this war. Coupled with the frank and def
inite imperialism of Italian demands at Paris, it is a dangerous sen
timent to have gained headway. The policies of the Italian govern
ment, in spite of the course of the great war, are bound up with the
maintenance of the imperial regime in Germany---if the last traces of
that regime finally go down before the proletarian revolution, as now
seems almost inevitable. Italian policy will be all at sea. As such a
pass; imperialistic governments automatically turn to war; and there
are many indications that, in anticipation of the crisis, war between
France and Italy is being prepared.
Good morninig! Have you g,t your bomb yet?
WHY THE CAPITALISTS 010 NOT
WNT KATE O'HARE TO TALK
(From Minneapolis Labor Review.) I
The voice of a woman, hurling de- r
fiance at the masters of bread, ring
ing forth a challenge to the auto
crats of industry, despite the 'at
tempts of the Twin City dailies and
the St. Paul city council to suppress k
it, was heard Sunday afternoon in t
St. Paul and Monday evening in Min
The woman who spoke Was Kate
O'Hare, the same Kate O'Hare who
for the past 20 years has hurried to
the picket line, and pleaded labor's
cause from the platform whenever
the masters attacked the workers in
their right to live in decency and
become the masters of their own des- I
The busy speaker of the house of
representatives, W. I. Nolan, found 1
time Sunday afternoon to come to
Minneapolis and rave against Kate
O'Hare, declaring that she, whose
people had lived in America since
the 16th century, and whose ances
tors had helped establish the repub
lic and fought in its maintenance in
every struggle.in which it was threat
ened, had no right to be in America.
The speaker of the house;, as did
his colleagues in vilification and mis
representation, the daily papers, at
tempted to arouse the mothers of the
Twin Cities against Kate O'Hare by
putting into her mouth words which
she never uttered.
They charge that Kate O'Iare
made the following utterance, for
which she is sentenced to prison for
What She Did Not Say.
"Any person who enlisted in the
army of the United States for service
in France would be used for fertilizer
and that is all that he is good. for,
and that the women of the United
States were nothing more or less than
brood sows to raise children to get
into the army and be made into fer
Kate O'Hare never made this state
The mother of four children, it is
absurd to presume for a mioment that
she would make such a statement.
What She Did Say.
What Kate O'Hare did say, aid
what was twisted into the statement
quoted above by the friends of the
exploiters and war profiteers, was
"When the governments of Europe
and the clergy of Europe demanded
of the women of the warring coun
tries that they give themselves, in
marriage or out, in order that the
men might 'breed before they die'
-that was not a crime of maddened
passion-it was the crime of cold
blooded, brutal selfishness-and by
that crime the women of Europe were
reduced to the status of breeding ani
mals on a stock farm."
"Our enemies tell you that we so
cialists are hindering enlistment.
This is not true! Please understand
me now, and do not misquote what I
say. 'If any young man feels that it
is his duty to enlist, then with all my
heart I say: 'Go! and God bless you!'
His blood may enrich the soil of
France, but that may be for the best."
What is the motive of this attack
upon this woman who has been con
demned to five years' imprisonment?
Why does the capitalist class fear to
have the people hear her speak?
Armour & ('o.
Perhaps you have noticed the great
advertisements which the Armour
Packing company carries in all the
dailies, extolling the merits of that
corporation, whose greatest achieve
ment has been to raise the price of
meat so high that half the world no
longer can afford to purchase it.
Those advertisements are used to
close the columns of the dailies
against the criticism of the packers.
In spending 20 years in the class
struggle, Kate O'Hare has learned
some things about the Armour Pack
ing company which that concern does
not mention in its great advertise
It was in 1904 that Mike Doinel
l ly, then president of the Packing
House Workers. organized the work
ers of the Armour plant at Kansas
City, and they went on strike for
1 American wages and conditionf.
Kate O'Hare worked in that strike
for the Packing House Workers un
der the direction of Donnelly. She
worked on the inside with the strike
breakers. and every day made a re
port to Donnelly of what consitlon,
were on the inside of the plant. ý"
At that time Kate Q'Haarna son,
Dick, was 7 months old, and she was i
Many of the strikebreakers enm
ployed by Armour in that battle
against organized labor were mothers
nursing children. Mothers forced by
poverty to fight against labor to pre
serve the lives of themselves and
Kate O'Hare recently told a repre
sentative of the Labor Review the
conditions inside the Armour plant
during that 1904 struggle.
Armour's Breast Pumps.
Every day the nursing mother3
were given 13 minutes off to go to
a room in the plant where the com
pany kept a breast pump to have the
milk pumped from their breasts, so
that they could work faster and
harder and produce more for Armour.
Do you wonder that the Armour
controlled newspapers and the
speaker of the house did not want
Kate O'Hare to,talk to the people?
Do you think that a concern like
the Armour Packing company, re
sorting to such practices as this, is
entitled to, any consideration from
the people or from the government?
But Armour, the proved profiteer;
Armo ur, who took even the milk
from the breasts of the mothers, and
so starved their children, that he
might break a union; Armour is a
respected and admired member of the
capitalist class. He is not jailed. He
is not indicted. While Kate O'Hare,
who has spent her life fighting to
bring more sunshine into the homes
and lives of the workers, is doomed
to spend five years behind the prison
How . oninelly Wasr. (lot.
There is mnr;e to the story of that
Kansas City strike. Mike Donnelly
was a wonderful leader of men. He
could not be scared, apd he could' not
be bought. The workers' loved, and
trusted -him. So one nigh't h. was
found with his head crushed in by
the billies of the sluggers, and acid
poured down his mouth. He never
recovered from the attack.
For a few moniths the shell of Mike
Donnelly lived on, but his brain had
been killed by the bruital attack of
the vicious thugs, and soon he died.
Armour & Co. were rid of an an
tagonist' they could not buy. and or
ganized labor lost a powerful leader.
All this Kate O'Hare told a repre
sentative of your paper. Do you won
der the interests would rather have
Kate O'Hare in jail than to have her
Whenever a prominent member of
the exploiting class is indicted on
I any charge he is supported by those
whose interests are identical with his.
Should we be less loyal to those
3 who fight in the far-flung scouting
line of labor's advance than are the
capitalists to members of their class?
For 20 years Kate O'Hare has
fought the battles of the workers.
i She was on the picket line for the
I machinists in Kansas City ini 1901.
She aided the shirt waist workers in
the big Ney York strike soon after.
She was in the big Pennsylvania coal
miners' strike, in which Roosevelt
took a hand. In the Calumet strike;
with' the miners through their strug
gles in West Virginia and Arkansas.
Because Kate O'Hare knows and
can tell of the brutality of the great
employing interests, she is going to
The great Haymairket riot oc
curred in Chicago 33 years ago to
morrow, following the explosion of a
bomb which killed seven policemen
and injured a large number of civil
ians. ,Two thousand persons had as
sembled to hear August Spies, Albert
R. Parsons and other anarchist lead
ers preach their philosophy. After
Spies and Parsons had made mild
and harmless addresses, Samuel'
Fielden mounted' the truck platform
and began an incendiary speech: The
police then charged the crowd, and
the bomb was thrown. The .identity
of the bomb thrower' remains a mays
tery, but Spies, Parsons, Fielden and
several others were arrested, Charged
a with complicity in the bomb plot, and
convicted. Spies and Parsons, with
a two others, weire hanged, while if
other Prisoner.committed suicide and
several received life sentences.
: A Bulletip reader, a Bulletin
i, noiter. , , :.
I Today Weelebratae. I
Restoration of the ijourbojs.
The Bourbon dynasty was restored
to, the throne of France 105. years
ago today, May 3, 1814, anid before
the war this' event was celebrated by
the royalists throughout France.
When Napoleon was sent into
exile, the question of, a successor
was furiously discussed by the diplo
mats representing the allies, Eng
land, Russia, Prussia and Austria.
So far as the people of France were/
conceined, they little cared who was
to-'sit upon their throne. Worn out
and impoverished by wars *brought
on thiough Bonaparte's boundless
ambition, they asked only for peace
There was much wire-pulling and
many influences at work in those un.
easy days. Bernadotte felt the im
perial bee buzzloig in his head. The
emperor of Austria favored a regency
under Marie Louise. Alexander of
Russia was indifferent, but not
averse to the re-establishment of the
republic. There was no popular de
mand for the restoration of the Bour
bons, and English, Austrian and Rus
sia commanders had refused to rec
ognize representatives of the family.
Into such situations some forceful
man always injects his personality
and casts a decidfng vote. The man
of the hour was Talleyrand. "The re
public," he asserted, "is impossible;
the regency or. Bernadotte means
perpetual intrigue. The Bourbons
alone represent a principle."
They represented, rather, a princi
pal, and what was Charles Maurice
de Talleyrattd-Periford? He who had
been president of the national as
sembly in 1790 and had betrayed the
republic, who had fawned so slav
ishly upon Napoleon when the lat
ter was at the height of his power,
now drafted a new constitution
which "restored to France her right
ful king--Prince Louis Stanislaus
Xavier de Bourbon." On the third
of May, the monarch made his tri
umphal entry into Paris, to the mus
Ic of a few perfunctory cheers. He
was proclaimed Louis XVIII., king of
France and Navarre, and he did not
fail to claim the throne "by divine
The house of Bourbon, the dyn
asty thus restored, derived its orig
n from the Archambauds, lords of
Bourbon, in, Berry. These petty
princelings came in the course of
rime to rule France, Spain and
Naples. The first of the line men
tioned in history was Adhemar, who,
in the tenth century, was lord or
Bourhonnais, now the republican de
partment of Allier. The power and
possessions of the family gradually
Increased, until, in 1272, Beatrix,
daughter of Agnes of Bourbon and
John of Burgundy, married Robert.
sixth son of Louis IX., and connect
ed the Bourbons with the Capet roy
al line. Their son, Louis, became
the first Due de Bourbon, and from
the two sons of the first duke two
branches of the family took their
origin. The elder line became ex
tinct, but the younger. line pro
duced Anthony of Bourbon, Duke of
Vendome, who, by marriage ac
quired the throne of Navarre, and
whose son, Henry of. Navarre, bc
c!ame Henry IV. of France in 1689.
The Bourbons continued to rule
France until the execution of Louis
XVI. in 1793. Louis XVII. never
reigned, and died in prison, and it
was ,a brother of Louis XVI. who
came to the throne on the restora
tion of the monarchy in 1814.
France and Italy.
The war just ended did not afford
the first' instance of a Franco-Ital
fa' alliance against Teutons, for th's
is the sixtieth anhiversary of the
French declaration of war against
Austria in behalf of Italy. Piedmont,
in. 1859, the only independent and
constitutional . state in Italy, had
won the gratitude of France and
Great Britain by. her assistance in
the Crimean war, and Napoleon han
entered into.a' treaty with the Pied
montese, the. object of which was to
drive Austria from the peninsula.
When A.ustria issued an insulting
ultimatuni to Piedmont, demanding
disarmament within three days, anu
followed this with an invasion, the
French immediately rallied to the
aid of the imperiled Italian state. Na
poleon took command in person, adl
the allies won a succession of .bril
liant victories over the Austrians.
When Prussia and other German
states threatened to take the side of
Austria, Napoleon weakened and his
program for freeing Italy "from the
Alps to the Adriatic," was aban
doned. Napoleon consented to a
peace by which Lombardy was an
nexed to Piedmont, and Savoy and
Nice, after a vote of their people,
were annexed to France.
America's Pioneer Medical School.
The first medical school in Amer
ica was opened In Philadelphia, 154
years ago today, May 3, 1765, as a
branch of the Academy and Chari
table schools in the prouince of
Pennsylvania, the forerunner of the
University of Pennsylvania. Dr.
William .Shippen, who had taught
physiology in the academy for sev
eral years, and Dr. John Morgan, a
graduate of the "charitable schools"
who had spent four years in the med
ical schools of Europe, were the first
instructors. Prior to the establish
ment of this and other medlcal col
leges, the American colleges lepend
ed upon the apprenticeship system to
supply their mtedical men.
Catherine Rush is entitled to fame
as having.presented one pf the rarest
cases of. longevity in medical annals.
She died 102 years ago at the age of
114 years and 11 months. So far as
is known -Catheri.e Rush had lived
on the outskirts- o.- Philadelphia all
her life, and no one was particularly
interested it1- he; -until, she reached
the age of 100. ..-he remarkable part
of it is thatn she' seemed to grow
stronger with" age.' having been a
very frail grl1. V ben .qhe passed the
century 'mirk.''tflisafans "began to
watch her. .They kept,..up. their
watching for nearly 12 years. It was
Catherine..Rush's . greatest desire,
when she- felt the end coating, to
round pout: 111 year.. .:She faileil of
it by one moitBh,