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AMERICAN TEACHERS AWAKEN
STOADVANTAGE OF UNIONISM
Texas Teachers Are Lead
ing Other States in Join
ing the Organized Labor
Houston, Tex.;: April 29.-(By
Mail.)--With pubtlic school teach
ers in all parts of.the United States
joining in the movement, the Amer
ican Federation of Teachers is mak
irig splendid progress. Already local
organizations have been perfected at
three points in Texas: Denison, Aus
tin and Galveston, and preliminary
steps to the same end taken in Dal
las, San Antdnio and Houston.
The movement, was started in
Houston a few weeks ago, following
publication in the Labor Journal of
progress being made elsewhere.
Recently more thani 200' Houston
teachers were present at a meeting
And voted to affiliate with the Amer
ican Federation of Teachers and the
American Federation of Labor.
Teaching Not Profession.
"The principal objection to
teachers joining a union is that they
belong to a profession and therefore
should not affiliate themselves with
organized labor," says L. V. Lamp
son, a" national organizer for the
American Federation of Teachers.
''As a matter of fact teachers belong
to the group of employed people and
very properly can affiliate with' or
ganized labor. There are no real
professions today and by ruling the
United States supreme court has held
that teachers do not belong to the
"It has been thought that if the
teachers affiliate themselves with
organized' labor they will strike for
increase in salaries and close up the
schools. When forming a local teach
-ers do not take any oath of allegiance
to the American Federation of La
bor as individuals. The American
Federation of Teachers is a complete
autonomy. It does not indorse strike
measures as means of obtaining re
sults. Publicity and political action
are the preferred means and are used
Mr. Lampson is a teacher of eco
nomics and civics in the central high
school of Washington, D. C., and has
been given leave of absence by the
Washington board of school trustees
to tour the country in the work of
perfecting local teachers' organiza
tions. Sixty-three local unions have
affiliated themselves with the nation
al federation, the greater number of
which have organized since Jan. 1i,
Mr. Lampson said.
Must Depend on Selves.
Let the ppblic school teachers or
ganize to secure a-living wage instead
of depending on the state to pass
minimum wage laws was advocated
by members of the New Jersey board
of education, !i discussing a i'eport
by, Commissioner Murray, who was
L WITH THE EDITORS
BOLSHEVISM AND IlOILSHIEVISM. I
The press report a' very important
message which Lenine is said t'r have
sent to the new Hungarian soviet
government. He recommends the
Hungarian socialists not to try to
copy the Russian methods in detail.
That is very wise advice. The Rus
sian bolsheviki secured power by
force, and it has been necessary to
maintain that power by force until
it has been firmly established. The
Lenine government had not only to
struggle against the counter-revolu.
tionists of their own country, but
also, against the forces of the allies
,who' came to their assistance. They
vwege sot, left free to devote them
selves to the reconstruction of the
poltntry, and they 'had almost insu
perable difficulties through the main
'tenance of the blockade. Germany
and Hungary have a tradition of con
stitutional government, which Russia
lacked. .All these circumstances make
it undesirable or unnecessary to
adopt Russian methods in Hungary
pr ,Germany to establish proletarian
power. If the allies would have the
sense to leave Germany and Hungary
alone to work out their internal prob
lems of government in their own way,
the socialist commonwealth could be
established there without violence.
But that is too much to expect. The
capitalist-imperialist states of west
ern Europe do not want to see the
revolutions of central and eastern
Europe successful. The allies are not
now, even pseuessedly, fighting to
overthrow military powers, but, as
M. Pichon so brutally put it in the
French chamber last week, the allies
are determined to crush the socialist
revolution: They have thrown down
the challenge to democracy. It has
been accepted, and the struggle must
go on 'until autocracy or, democracy
triumphs. And it will not be autoc
racy which will be the victor at the
end, though much more suffering
will have to be endured before the
end comes.-The Labor Leader, Eng
THE CALL OF THE JUNKERS.
Earl Curzon tells the house of
lords that "Vienna" has asked the
British government to send troops
there to preserve order. "If you will
send 10,000 troops, we can guarantee
the situation," is the message he
quotes. This news is-featured in the
oress, and likewise dispatches from
Paris to the effect that the Ebert
government is about to ask the allies
to step in and police Germany.
Of course, Curzon is not an import
ant person. He is an old man, with
virtually no intelligence. His idea of
statesmanship is to sit on an elephant
decked out in cloth of gold, to be
gaped at by remote colored persons,
who are assessed to pay for the cir
cus out of their own starvation. At
present he is zealously . touting to
make conscription. a permanent fea
ture of British policy. Now, that mil
tarism has been crushed in Germany,
the British tortes, in violation of pre
election promises, are trying to es
tablish it in England. With this aim
named,a committee of one to investi
gate the advisability of favoring a
minimum wage statute.
The investigator is quoted in the
public press as doubting "the ad
visability of a minimum wage act and
was inclined to suggest that teachers
of the state organize and declare a
strike for higher wages unless boards
of education voluntarily increased
Commissioners Van Dyke and Cox
opposed setting wages by law and
suggested that the teachers help
themselves instead of depending upon
This sound trade union position
was opposed by President Rice. He
favored a minimum wage law. and
fixed between $800 and $900 as an
annual wage. He said these figures
"were about as small as a teacher
can live on under present conditions."
I)o Not Get Living Wage.
School teachers at Madison, Wis.,
have organized as the result of a re
actionary policy of the school board
and mailed a query to all teachers in
the city to shlow that they do not re
ceive a living wage. The first 50 an
swers returned by grade teachers give
the following results:
Average yearly salary, $807; av
erage expenses for year, $911.64; av
erage deficit, $104.64.
The first 32 answers by high school
teachers give the following re.ults:
Average yearly salary, $1,133.60;
average yearly expenses, $1,069.40;
average savings, $64.14.
Labor Backs Teachers.
The school teachers' union of
Washington city, at a mass meeting
launched a fight against the board
of education for free discussion of
current topics in the public schools,
and for redress in the case of Miss
Alice Wood, a high school teacher
who was recently suspehded by the
board because of her "handling of
economics." Shortly after Miss Wood
was suspended, the superintendent of
schools issued an order to the high
school teachers forbidding the discus
sion of the league of nations, bolshe
vism or other controversal topics.
The issue in Miss Wood's case, it
is stated, arose in class when a pupil
defined bolshevism as being the same
as Nihilism. In the course of the
teacher's correction of this definition
she stated, it is said, in reply to a
question, that she thought "the soviet
government in Russia was better for
Russia than was the absolutism of
the czar." This statement, as report
ed at home by two of the students,
brought letters from their respective
parents to the board of education
charging Miss Wood with "unpatri
otic utterances," which charges the
board, contrary to law, took action
upon behind closed doors, then noti
fied Miss Wood that she was suspend
ed for a week and admonished her
upon her return to teaching to avoid
"t'iuching upon bolshevism and sim-.
in view, Curzon is, making statements
on the necessity for having British
troops hold down central Europe for t
an indefinite period.
It is highly improbable that anj
government in Vienna or in Berlin 1
would dare to call upon the allies to
send troops to maintain it in power.
A government that adopted that pol
icy would sign its death warrant, so
far as its own population is con
cerned. No government that hIag the
respect and support of the people
needs to call on foreigners to "pre
serve law and, order" within its terri
tory. No people with any sense of
self-respect will tolerate such a gov
ernment. If the Ebert-Noske regime
has reached such a stage of bank
ruptcy that it requires foreign troops
to hold the lid down, then new lead
ers and new forces must take corn
nrand in Germany.
We do not take seriously the sug
gestion that the allies will adopt a
nolicy of policing central Europ, to
hold back there the inevitable evo
lution from capitalist autocracy to
political and economic democracy. No
doubt, the tories and junkers of ev
ery country would like to embrace
this alluring ideal. But most of them
are well aware that they could not
carry it out without grave danger to
their own affairs at home. Europeail
workingmen are not going to be
buncoed into a new war against de
mnocracy. They are not going to rush
to the rescue of the rule of Ebert and
Scheidemann, whese apoatasy so ably
played into the hands of the war
plotting Prussian military clique.
The Junkers of central iEurope arc,
doubtless, appealing wildly for help
to the Junkers of the entente. Just so
the Russian junkers have been send
un out [their frantic appeals for the
past year and a half. The Russiant
did get assistance in the form of ar
mies and money. It was possible for
them to secure this only under the
camouflage of the lie that the Rus
sian democracy was the plaything ot
German junkerdomi. No similar lie
can be utilized to lure British,
French and Italian workingmen to
defense of the German junkers today.
-New York Call.
By MARK TWAIN.
(The defenders of privilege bewail
loudly and unceasingly the "red ter
ror" of the bolsheviki, the excesses
i and reprisals of the revolution that
t cast the czar into the darkness to
which he had doomed so many oth
ers. Characteristically these bewail
- ers of bolshevik tyranny and violentc
I ignore the endless reign of terror en
f forced by the czar upon his unhappy
t subjects, just as they ignored these
facts when the ezar sat upon his
throne. To all toadlers to monarchy
- and privilege, all fearful bewailers of
t revolution, we most earnestly coin
Smend the following passage on the
- French revolution taken from Mark
- Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee in
King Arthur's Court.")
The ever memorable and blessed
revolution, which swept a thousand
I years of villainy away in one swift,
tidal wave of blood-one: A settle
ment of that hoary debt in the pro
portion of half a drop of blood for
each hogshead of it that had been
pressed by slow tortures out of the
people in the weary stretchll of I0
centuries of wrong and shinlll' ;lld
misery the like of which was not to
be mated but in hell. Thire o were
two Reigns of Terror, if wte Woluld
but consider it: The one . wrolught
murder in hot passion, the othalr ill
heartless cold blood, the one last!.-,
more Inonths, the otlhr lt::ltd a
thousand years; the one inflicted
death on 10,000t persons, thie oihl
upon 100.000,000; but our Illhudder:,
are all for the horrors of the Iinoril
Terror, so to speak; whercas,, whlit is
the horror of swift death by the axe
compared with lifelong death from
hunger, .cold, insult, crlueltvy ;1and
herabreak? What is swift death by
lightning collpalredI \vithl dealh by
slow fire at thlle stake? A city e('mne
tery could contain the ci,ffins filled
bt" (hbt brief Terror, which w\e have
all been so diligently taught to shi\'
er. t and motuan over, but all France
could contain the coffins filled by
that long terror, which nll)one f us
has been taught to see in its vastness
or pity as it doeserves. Arizona I,a
(By Scott Nearing.)
Away with the undesirables! I)e
port them; jail them; pitlerse uto
them; denounce them; silence t1heml1.
The undesirables must go!
Undesirable? What is an unde
Any nian or womllan who narrows
the opportunity of a fellow humanll i
being for life, liberty and happiness
' '"e: tfinfdsirable. Every iparasite;
every despot; every tyrant; every
nmotnopolist; every tIanl who lives at
e ,, Itpense of a fellow man is an
No hillnan being miakel's linmslf
desirable by saying prayers or
preaching patriotism, or waving al
flag, or pronising to save other
men's souls. Menl become (lesirable
only when they help their fellow
men to live larger, stronger, hallpier,
The chambers of commllerc, tilhe
boards of trade, the nanufuct n rers'
associations and the otlier buslliness
organizations are deciding who is
undesirable and then insisting u11)n11
a campaign to deport them, jail
them, persecute thlenm, silence tIhem,
destroy them. The business inter
ests are doing that now. They are
establishing a rule of public policy.
Undesirables do not belong in till('
United. States. They must go!
Suppose the people apply that doe
trine to American life and begin
with the parasites. Every able
bodied adult human being who is
not doing a fair share of the world's
work, but is living on' the product
of other mene1's labor is an unde
sirable. He must 'ease to be a
parasite by taking a job. The nOw
worlt is a world of workers. No
one else has a legitinlate place here.
A few men, highly placed, own
the jobs on which millions of their
fellow men depend for a living; they
own the products of these jobs; they
own the surplus produced by the in
dustrial machine. They are exer
cising a despotic, irresponsible
power over the lives of their fellows.
They are undesirables. The jobs,
the product and the surplulls 1iliust
belong to tilth workers. The Ox
Iploiters mu1,st go.
The forests and Illilles, oil wells
and corner lots of America are in
the hands of a few mo,nopolists who
take toll from society in the form
of monopoly profits. These "bag
barons" represent the spirit of tihe
middle ages. They have no place ill
a free government of free people.
They must go!
Away with the undesirables!
America is no place for them. Away
with the parasites-give them jobs!
Away with the exploiters-tilhe work
ers must own their tools! Away
with the "bag barons"--surplus
wealth belongs to those who pro
duce it! The undesirables in
America must go!
Arbitrary power in the hands of
duly constituted officers of the law
is more dangerous to our law and or
der than the evils which it is calcu
lated to remove. It violates the very
foundation of law and order, namely,
that the citizen's duties and rights
are governed by well defined laws
and that rights so defined cannot be
thaRltbtiiaýy' except by the enactment
of ieW laws of general application
a.id that in determining whether a
maiWhas violated the law the courts,
with'.trial'by jury, must be used.
Coupled without new and danger
ous development of arbitrary power
is our failure to provide punishment
for official tyranny and indemnity
for the unjustly accused. Many of
our supposedly free American citi
zens have been kept in jail for
months without serious charges.
Their jobs or business is lost by this
imprisonment, and generally their
health is seriously impaired. Subse
quent victory in the court or dismis
sal of the case is no redress, becau.;e
the injured party had never violated
his right.to freedom.
The old adage, "An injury to one
hurts all," has a special application
to this situation. In fact, a demo
cratic society cannot long be main
tained with officials and powerful
private interests running wild. L t I
us take tholght while there is yet
time.-Northwest Tribune, Stevens
WHAT ONE MUNI('I'PAL I'LANT
The public utilities commission of
Kansas has been hearing the case of
the Kansas city street railways,
which are petitioning for an increase
in the present 5-cent fare on the
"Kansas side." An argument pre
sented by'the company was the cost
of producing electricity at its Kaw
river plant, which it showed to be
$12.51 a thousand kilowatts. The
company's case suffered a severe
jolt when James Donovan, chief en
.gineer at the municipally owned
electric plant of Kansas, City, Kan.,
testified that the average cost of a
thousand kilowatts at the city's
plant for the same period of time
had been $7.28, or $5.23 less than
at the company's plant.-Grand
Forks .(N. D.) American.
Bulletin Want Ads G(et
Results. Phone 52
OUR firm name in this list will be seen and discussed by every ienm
ber of the family. If you seek the patronage of the workers, make
sure of first getting their good-will by advertising in their paper-the
only paper inl Butte that is published ill the interests of your custoimers.
NOT THE LARGEST CIRCULATION
BUT THE LARGEST PROVEN RESULTS
Wage-Earners' Shopping Guide
AUTO RHE 'AIPA CLOTIIING AND TAI- HABEI)DASIIIHER POOL ROOMS
SIIHOPIS LORING FOR MEN --- Lambro's Pool Hall,
-- -- Dollar Shirt Shop, 42 E. Park St.
-RIinlto Theater Bldg.`
Laoey Auto Repair and Service
Shop. ig 4 Tailor ---------- RESTAURANTS
1 1 26 Utah. 17 West Park Street.
11Z th). LHATS FOR. MEN I ou.na coRe,
Grand Avenue Repair Shop, 4lln & )arnell, 72 East Park street.
Corner Harrison and 2947 East Park Nickherson, The Hatter, Spokane Cafe.
Grand. Shirley Clothes Shop, 112 W. Park street. 17 -outh Main St.
Anto Repair Machine Shop 14 North Main. -9 W. Broadway.
Ii. G. SMITH, 401 S. Wyoming. II ----RDWARE ,Crystal C Pase,
69 Vast Park Street.
South Side Auto GCaraga, b rAj - Golden West Cafe,
C. C. Dahl, Mgr. Ct.,.1tiOPRA.CAI.iC sewellt' Hardware, 227 S. hMain.
21221 East Park street. I-andley's Cafe,
2l24.bban.Shiners, i'aruitere, 326 N. Wyoming.
22 - 3Flora W. Emery 75 Ea;t. Plai k Street. hamrock Cafe,
Room 9. Silver Bow Block. Shamrori Arizona
AUTOS BOUGHT' Savvy c.af,
AND SOLD C 1IL P 1ALO I R .IJEWELERS S1 East Park.
Montana Joewiry .Co.,
la Opticians, Etc.,
Classic Chili Parlor, 73 East. Park street. SHOES
E. H. Rupert, 210 North Main. People's Loan Otice.
228 S. Arizpna St. 28 ., East Park street. Chicago Shoe Store,
__rodie, t he ,:cwosr,
'10i E:cst Park street. 7 S. Main street.
DAIRIES ,we,, ,w,,E r rk street. Walkover Shoe Co.
1Powell .1Cswelry (o.,
BANKS -- ------- - 112 N. Man St. 46 w. Palk Street.
Best Yet Butter Shop, 1. Sinion, Gohldn Rule Shoe Store,
322 S. Main St. 21 North lMain. I'eter thrinig. 39 E. Park.
Yegen Bros., Bankers,
Park and Dakota street. 209' W. Park St. LAGER BEER SECOND-ITAND FUR
Crystal Creamery, EXTRACT NITURE
B3ATHS. 459 E. Park street.
Lager IBeer Extract Charles Noland,
, A. (GRAP', 726 S. MONT. 105 West Galena St.
Steam Baths, DRUGGISTS
604 E. Broadway. - -
LADIES' TAILOR SPECIALISTS
Jaccues Drug Co.,
1957 Harrison avenue. J. Durst. Dr. W. 1. Haviland,
BUTCHERS Ladies' Tailor and Habit 71 West Park St.
Phone 276.1. Rtoom 436
Schumacher Meat Co., DENTISTS PI'oenix llldg. SHOE REPARING
18 E. Park St. E. Zahl, S O REPAIIN
Western Meat Co., ------- - 504 W. Park
121 E. Park St. Union MDntists, McManus Shoe Shop,
Independent Market, Third Floor Rialto Bldg. LADES' 5 . yoming.
203 South Main. Progressive Shoe Shop,
203 South Main. (_A liMENTS 1721 Harrison Ave.
BAKERIES FURNITURE Popular Ladies' Garment Store,
63 East Park Street.
-- The international Storo, SECOND HAND
Manhattan Bakery, 210 E. Park.
205 W. Park. Shiner's, Furniture, CLOTHING,
75 E. Park street. JEWELRY, ETC.
107 N. Montana Street. B. Kopald Co., Furniture, MEN S OUTFITTERS
58 West Broadway. Uncle Sam's Loan Office,
Royal Baklery, *Emporinum Clothes Siiop. 11 S. Wyoming.
20 South Main. 34 E. Park.
Home Baking Co."Fashion ''ailoring,
Home Belting CO.. GROCERIES 47 W. Park.
Olympia St. Palace Clothing & Shoe Store, TAILORS
63-55 E. Park St.
BARBER SHOPS Anger Grocery, Mlontana Clothing and Jewelry Fashion Tailoring Co.,
Iarrlison and IIarvard. Comaany, 47 W. l'ark St.
J. R. lecky, 103 S. Arizona. Bernard Jacoby, Tailor,
Con Lowney, 2701 Eln St. O. K. Store, 19½ S. Dakota street.
309 N. Main24 E. Park St. Montana Tailors,
Allen's Grocery, Bouchers, 425 N. Main street.
Pastime Barber Shop and Pool 1204 E. Second street. 27 W. Park St. h ai r
Room, E. Zuhl, Tailor,
210 Nrth Main St: Kermode, Groceries, 504 W. Park street.
421 East Park street.
Park Barber Shop, Poynter's Cash Store, IEA IMARKI ETS Dundee Woolen MiSreet.
85 n r62 West Park Street1
86 E. Park. 1854 larrlson Market, Butte Tailoring Co.
BAT1TERIES S. F. T. A. Cash Grocery, 50 East Park. 116 . Main St.
627 East Galena Street. - --- W. Oertel,
RECHARGED T . Mearr.Py, I O OGRAPHY'431 s. Arizona St.
64 5. Jlroadway. Big 4,
4--- ~ 17 W. Park St.
Montana lBattery Station, McCarthy-BPryant & Co., Thonmson's Park ' tcdioo
224 S. Arizona. 317-:19 East Park Street. 217 Eat Parik Strt.
Butte Batlery Co., UNDERTAKERS
119 S. Montana St. Bishop Bros.,
150 Walnut St. POrl HALLS
Larry Duggan, Undertaker,
CLOTWES CLEANING nhite mouse (Lrocery, 3... s22 North Main street.
5LO; Nwest Park. Golden (ate Pool iill,
272 East P'ark. Daniels & Bilboa, Undertakers,
AND PRESSING _ _1_trDn 5 East Park street,
Bae nerd Jacouhy, C EN TS' F URNISH- OPTICIANS
19e 5c . DSakota Street VULCANIZING
tStreet. IN S Montru .Jiweslrv Co,,
The \i ,rm,tt in - - Opticians, Etc., J. L. Mathiesen, Vulcanizlng,
Main.. 7 East Park St. 41 East Galena.
Murphy Money Back Store, 1Powe . aeh Btttt 1 ulcanizing Works,
TO.)l\(!CO AND 65 E. Park St. 1942 tarrison Ave.
CONF IECTIONS IM F RNISHERS OUTFITTERS WELDING
Pat Mcnl· na, National Supply Co., Francis J. Early, Vulcan Welding Works,
314 North Main. 1s W. Mercury. 715-719 E. Front St. 116-118 5. Wyoming