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Ghelutt Jaily i~htlltit
Issued Every Evening, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
Entered as Second Cin( s Matter, December 1017 nt the Iostofce at Butte, 'ontana
Under AS t of March if 1871.
I liONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 202
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The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte.
itne o Drug Co., Ili.rrison and '8an1, 1e1 Depot D)rug Store. 823 East Front St.
Gorgie A Anmes.l.r i IS N. MIin Si P. O. News Stand, West Park St.
T ntrn ijosni Newts Siandt. S . .\niceiio Si.
i'aolainof Sweets. Iereuiy ot\ri Mjno St. liarkino GCoerny, 1023 Talbot Ave.
Everybody o News Stand, 715 S. Montana Helena Coifettionery. 735 East Park St.
TH RSDAY MAY 8 1i 1i
ANOTHER WITNESS FOR RUSSIA.
An II(I er 111\\illing w illness (' ine' ito laslify In Ilse f'ulmili Id
the reliorts (11 evid~ition1s ill Itus,; cin a ie It l)\ t oil( (u it; li- i
p1res, ill Ill( plelrson Ill W illiam .\llenl W hile. Ill(, uliona llytl'
knofw in ellil r Id* Ill(, 1:nlluip l i iiGazelle. Ile \\;I- ;lploillell as
onei Ill Ill( .\meric;Il repreesentalivet o I I( ("Ill I'nf rence (111(
was III 1m e 114.1 hehld of Prini kipolll l 1( nIt Ille mI n nll'c ists
c arl\\ i--Iell it Ilse elev'enthl 11111 .
W e 41111111 11111 thle New i I Yo k all:
"\\'hite Il-ha Cell unlulyzing.: Ith f'ucl, ab ulituf y-ill. us they
have 1'11 11 111 11i11 ill Pori . \\ 1'11 lilt' I - (Viet' "' vernlm ent lilt
lil r('lre-eni'llii ve. fthnuph thIIe lilac i, -ivoIrnaing" willl vari ousil
counl it('i I'tvo~lulliiinari agI'nt . w ill( III 1li conclusions have
11 11(;e lle il (he W a'(rbl. ;In l. it ler t!fhe ie tle u istunlee;. tIhey ;et
highl\ inst1.11. iv'e.
.\ccnrl'ill: I1) \\hilt. Ih ere in.- ht(eln Il Ich sflurviateio mulI(
misni~ ill lith, Ruissinil hits durin'iu Ie \\ in etr lie sits Iliat
im~lustri ha4 heel) para"llize1. hii:,ptla'~titon is innllellequate. milu(
(here lee, blel lath Ill (.(),i. 11e -ii< \-l1;1ini uniine 11; carried '
ofil huntirme~ Ii ' of housand~s. l1ossibly muillittn . iIn other word-(s.
thne bltckadel( Ill Itu--ill lull the clfiling lift'o 111' fl it erihax n geniiu
ficiel' b fi th aolit lzechn-,-Ivlovok hals heed su 1erssf'ul. It tl
_Itt res ilts. The Illlillnialk of the ,Teti( mItn er,. \\1t (, 11'1 i t
nleer~et all this. have reni-fl ito he pri;I 11 (if' heir \' ork. II has ,(
114.t1 ;I :.reat Iruiumph foti r 'law\ ;(111 Hiter., for civilizilliton.
,(III. (f11' 0 th e \ ic ntl haive heel)\ irnin l d hu llc ibl(Iel. The t
cut1neients a~re Inll W hile's. hill till'.
'.here ;tee ,unit tutee iof White s fucl<: There is no red l
text,'i ill1 l iu n; 11)(1a v the 1ltnsant Ire uppor1t1"ing [Ie ti(1\iet
"np l'ni1nit: school, fre topen Ibro'ul;hout s aviet Hulsslin. s(htol
chihi ron ne e il llin I'ttll, ;111( 1.(l1(" tionl i, lianaged'ci ;I at( l'ingl
int the Mast modllernt mlelthod: flth Sav\id gmovernmellI unilts
pence an~d is \\ utuin Ito (:ik(' te'rm. Filially. While hais Ile
ien'ninell Ibull I ht 'uniil linltiza itio ofI' \\,I wo en' ym is Ipt1tI li
hunkit. "lilt('IIe , h i II,~ absur l st is stIIIIi venispea ring ill varil nl.
]trills. we ,Mill (Iuale Ili; while lIattentuls ill ife maiiller. 11
\Io tut uHoly pretelul (cIi thr lary abotul ill( untltionall
iz;(lit: (If' \\ ('(l n hits anly baei ill Inct. .\ stin't, hot, in int ce.
111;1 the w\ivts ::II Ilaughters of' the nlobb1t lh -n s luculle Were
bhodi it n nortainu 11111,1.e b illiu" ,1u 110scniw frt lininetrat ll - 1i
tils(', I, 11th by Ihi hu tl that this bulib~ling i< ;I chiblxinen hts
llikl. The htlshtrisis seemu It hav~e esl;)blishedl i naftuiona
w\ ive-' 111( th r 1 il Is ' (II 'i; it 't c n~\. i1111 it M~arch 11111 u
"x;11(1 celebration'i ill .1owi - tt ill I hnonr Ill Ill( ntrriage( re
Finally. Ile -titler (hil iiriIILI I buI- iness i nterests ;Ire bu y"v
secluring con cessitlns f'ront l hr ,t iid gverunment. They are
ul~ maktline businie~ deals \\ilh halt"link and the tlber' cztri-I " \
nlic inl' 111P t hav it clt1 ' in (o r lst( st w h a c i sttl '_tverlan ale . i' Ithe opltraltio w ill 111,111d ltrnlit.'
Ev'elryon1e. \\'111 c mtn IIrea I1ll In informII hi s l ie s kilim-1 fll'w
nets forii inantl-: (here i- II II Ii IIg uew\ tor ,trtilng ill Ih e
lnkcilnen- [lit Ie by W ill iaml .\lltn \\YlInil, huhthey are of i
;11111 i1- 1" nti ngII 11'111 it 1110 \w l ( I, i m i illetl('1Y t lllo ed 111
\, chi' .\lwrican \\ orkers, bet411e ni re 1(11nd m rt 11\'1x( Ill
the 11et'itly ill the11, po icy Id, their tlecle11 relr n't cu tlile, lo~war
Iht wolrkel", gat\4ernown! tl lits-in. ;I they bectuow ;Iwale
lith i Ih \ ;Ire bt'ing_ (I-,il na thel c;f iip ws Ilof t no unscl'nplulu till
lwrialli in. a ,Iarun i, uilwring: whien it hrealks it i, ýting to
w\ett1 fromil 1nIwer e I h trainl' lit the untliol.
The toil is cat \ o ill sidhl. 1)1 \tuw a it ctines. the naiiehly
tu ;< ul Itttay will he cilonl Id o t o1t 1 anisweru ilth hull Il '1 re
mni eltss ju ~licc.
.\Il14r fhe grxcul 1tlin e llI ': 11itH. ;lull tlturin ~ the reign a 11
1'lizabet'h. Hw V'ir:;in Iluiee . wage,(s wart lixt(d by shnhule:
labor \\;1 onc~l e hull Hth \\ rker-, \\ re able It (Ienlnsul mul on
f'orct ,tomething nitre (viii i thingi wile.Till "ovtrtuneu
rani(, to It rescell' ofw theunlaiyingr chlu 1(1(1 it was nu11lo a
winnit \ tit ask tor IIay\ morn e 11111( II;'\\ wag iixedl by Unyial (Iecree('1.
'I' t o 'illow ing cliltpingr is lakein Frim iii t Ilillun 4.(1111111 Ill
;I Hull<* liupl r: it show\\ Ii ho lunwi \\t h;1\4 Itart e -4.1 ainee
the lit.m Ill I'liz lhollh :
1 tillictilly i, heingr 4.ll"Ficuc'tl 11y the ,heellneu oI Ihii,
,cction ill se1'urinr herltr, ml( tutu It (-i I < ring:. Ihe lanth
iný I IIun It is IiII Iltha t fi le me ltenu m i. ill 11;i in
slanct,. 111(1 it mnl ith ;III l llwit houlril for their servl'e'. maIll
ref.( Ito iIn 111 for hits montey. The law\\ reartirnig idle
owen W\ill ht tunforcedl ;l atc tlingr if 'illii't', 111 Ihi, oily. 11:1
l~im 11(1w hi lin alem1pt III htlt 111 Ihre unployvers 1for extrhiloull
wl ;:(, untl u uuinnii idile it'f li ill0 la m i, If([ f rllwomin i ill
ule I wv fiIi f h rdt Inch: i1' they Itersi-I ill their tielics.'
It is otl Inn linwh ti' lit it' hat it' \\t i t inu ii t' 111111\;:4.(
utl eng neiu lilt(- thnI1 chitllel ,lovery' milt ;l ;il he etabli l ihe(l
;IS 4n ut iii1l(, Inr't(,ten tl in-liait ionis i'f' our (Iemocenclt .
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNI'I'ED MINE WORKERS I)!- AM ltICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehighl Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FED)ERAL LABOR UNION- I irinStn.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great F.ls. Illutie, Livingston.
MACHINISTS HELPERS' UNION -Great Falls, butte.
CEREAL WORKERS--Great F- IN.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION- -lints
BLACKSMITTHS' UNION-11uttitil l( Miles City.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-- Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte.
BAKERS' UNION--Great Falls.
SHOE W'ORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR IEPAIRERS --Livingeton, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS UNION--Butte.
1101) CARRIERS' INtIN -- Butte and lIozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S INION-Iutte.
IIARBERS' INION lit te.
METAL MINE WOIHKEIIS' UNION (Independent)-Butte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION ---Butte.
MAILERS' UNION Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND S'l'Tlt'CTI'RAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
I3ROTHERH-OD ItOILE IMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERSS UNION---Great Falls.
BAKERS' tNION -Iiutte.
INTERNATIONAL ,MOLDER'S UNION. LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNIilly WORKERS' UNION, NO. 25-Butte.
BROTIIERIIOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
224 -Miles City.
TRAlDES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
1H10) CARRIERS' UNION- - -Helena.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY -WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION---Butte.
BOILERMAKERS, SI-IP IBUILDERS AND H-IELPERS OF AMERICA
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOI) OF BLACKSMITI-IS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
AND TIIOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
ii It i'i liiitiuji;
f i i I ii -ii act Ji11 11111 I\1l11e then l,'I\ierl s agai nst 1112 l street.' _I 11
;I 211111 l xith ;'. Er h ke s
;Ind(11 ('In luI' r It ~ e w11 1121~ ll kno l i~tiig -1( of2XI I ll~i~l l~'1111t
h le I'11 11111l' I ll lt ill '111( I (text s sio (I ' (Il ll es a~lter2i II rel~ining II
Ii 2I'll ii'I i~ll I. llin hi 12(f isll- Il ('(' ll reps-tI I tIC le.lI ina \\';Isle-* n,
1I 'l'ig 5n fiI 11tll ' nut Ic25' l~l II' th irl ick *2 ' 2n \-e g l'(
tr n ill-1 (ft' the1. ir l di/sreg1 ard'. II' t. il' t 1111v e II' 12121111a ds content.1 gl t
l (f1 elcted them did 't \ 11
ilu ul still V. enX tra1112 l jn'('IX n s1(2112lilt's Itha XXIIe dIsts IIIiCI l'a l n e.
Fa1 i e an1 our I II. 111 1 41 '11 reIeII t11115521 a.11 1( InIwagesIll. lm 's n
\r rir g l'li liesl lll . hill211 Iis due15 ell 1 trll' tIa a c\\g~ illtl12 rs aid it
In-11122 m ier \Ilrd, I ll IX 1211t 11111i takes(' itheIl stil' 11 ng5 lIt 1115 12111
iii the I stIee 1l I ea ll e 11111111 tIlse Il It 11 XIll aln own rs a1 'Ill i7 m ule 111 I 112
the1 tiill Id. 111411 lth re I 11Iis 1 I nll ob ec io to i et I II'Ct i z'S I I 111 112
'ill w orkerslI l. a it l' gi(l I1('l (lin (lie r sl siii' leaders5121t21 are l ll)- g
Il11111 \\ hunll2It '' the "h .. ctll 'jInc~l'." 11 il'cl~ .II~' X
t\\( al1' i ti 1 1111111 ;I : 'lii. it i t i sl XX I\ II he' eff ctve t111 mus l~ll~ tl'
1we1 i ts XX I'' 1111 iz'til iliti t llillll :.li'r (.111it '.s he 211 rep ese te S i n l its t
1iv111' 111 poll 1 1121i 1 1121111125512e. \\ Xl win they lnegotiat. XIIls
Ill(l iIIIIX.tsrile 1e ull~l h 'al m ei h
On the Red Sea
NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of
publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the
good of lIumnanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of
the paper orly; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under
his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
UNIALLIKI) FOR[ AND AllRBItARlt
AlDVANCE IN TELIEPHONI
IIATIK". TO DISCOURAGE( (.()V
ERNMEN:,T, STATE, ANI) M1NIC
IF'.\l OWNERVI-ltHI!' O1 I't'lLI(
The "dear peepul' know nothilu
of the contemplated adva nce in eile -
phone rates until notified tlhat of
May 1, that on and after this date
the rates were advanced 55 per cent
and to please pay in 'advance as its
ual. The various commercial organi
*ations and the daily press knew oi
the contefnplated advancet but diuct
not protest in favor of G per ceni
of the people, or the consuming pubt
lic. 'Tlhes, various commercial or
ganizations have weekly linchion:
and discuss the best u.ethods of kill
ing fle ttilletin, also the unret ii
the comnimunity caused by higher anm
increasing prices, uneumploymenit, et(
It never seems to occur to these lh ad
ers of the destinies of 1he comntunity
that tie way to kill unrest is to curi
it and not keep piling trouble, ex
pense and ainoyance on the consum
ing public. No protest against thI
advance by the Rotary club, Ad club
Merchant's a ssociation, Chamber oi
Commerce or Employers' association
Not receiving protests froii thest
guides of the destinies of our coni
iiunity, tile advance was allowed.
ilienteber, dear reader, whatevem
goes up in Butte, or Montana, never
conies down, and no natter how la
bor, material etc., decline, the rate i
non fixed at $3 for residence tele
phones and this rate will exist until
the crack of doom unless the people
take over the public utilities under
municipal or state ownership. In
Oregon the public utilities commis
sion, refused to allow the application
of the telephone company for an in
crease of 27 per cent. Material costs
as much there as here and labor has
received just as substantial advances
there is here. The blate is laid upi
on the government for the advance
just the same as the food profiteers
blamed the government for the ad
vance in price of food, when the
truth is, the profiteers advanced the
prices in defiance of the food admin
istration through its own agents ap
pointed in city. county, state and in
the goverinent office. The govern
nient, the postmaster general. nor
any other governmental department
is to bastie for this advance. It was
allowed by the Montana State Public
Utilities commission upon applica
tion of the officers of the telephoit
'The rates were not raised becaitise
the complany was losing money, hit
to discourage the large voting popu
lation, or ti5 per cent of each corm
mnttity in this state, with govern
ment and municipal ownership. T'lt
average telephone subscriber is toe
busy holding down his jot and trying
to ntuke both ends meet to comba'
the impression given out by the press
and the coiiimercril bodies that onlI
under government ownership havi
they suitered from adianced rates
A few years ago we paid $1 for a
telephone. Then the rate was ad
vanced to $1.50. When the presen'
company took etc the independen
company they advanced the rates Il
$2, and. now that we have finishes'
paying for this consolidation they
advance the rate, to $, to get ever
with us for oar stupidity. The rate:
should lever hae blien advanced tc
$2 because the consolidation cost
nothing by re-soni of the additiona'
telephone sb lstribers added.
There is absolutely no reason un
der the shinlug sun for this advance
of 11) PIe cntl.. evcepting it is th(
custom of t h, hour. in Montana espe
cially, to di llec any and all coni
moditiet C Ilhlthor municipal utilities
oi ottiricwo The telephone cout
patinv stm i .iited a little longer
than. it "I h, profiteers and to
make up !~r ,s~t time made the ad
vance iat 111) Iinp instead of in two.
I June, lIe . the close of the half
I year ierioii ,iihat vear, so the com
pany kie al that time whether the
grat- II i u:e- t;ini tip properly fot
heir first half year, and you can
cad for yourself that they did, by
ooking at the inside cover of your
tune directory reads the following:
"Di" idends at the rate of $7 per
hare, per annum, have been paid
lide the organization of this com
(ally, in good times and had times
dlike. The company is efficiently and
honestly managed under the super
vision of the public utilities com
mission."' T'his last sat:d etent shows
he stock buyer that there is no dan
;er of a decline in dividends as the
public utilities eonmmission will set
hat the company is efficiently man
age(d. You all know as well as I do
hat the public utilities commission
has nothing to do with management.
They are only called upon by the
)peraling companies to allow ad
andes in rates to cover advances in
aperating costs, or to hear protests
romi the consuming .public. This
sttlenient simply bears out what I
.tm telling you-- -that the public util
ities conlimission is friendly to the
operating companies, otherwise why
allow an advance of 50 per cent in
rates before the people were allowed
to accept or protest. In other states
hey refused to allow advances.
knowing that the public would nott
subtmjit, and should not.
When the Iutte Street Railway
company asked the public utilities
commission to allow an increase of
fIres to 10 cents, only 1V. F. Dunn of
the Bulletin. one member of the
Metal Mine Workers, together with
a few other men from the Working
men's union protested, and so vehe
tnently that every person riding on
the street ears of Butte today make
a saving of 4 cents on every 10 cents.
which would now be going into Ilht
coffers of ex-Senator 'V. A. Clarke.
It is of record in the daily press that
the utilities comnmission stated that
only such tien protested the ad
vance and that they did not receive
a protest from a single business man
or business men's organization.
Why did not the Employers' as
sociation protest an advance in rates
that will cost the state over half a
million dollars annually from now on
and forever. This 50 per cent ad
vance must be velvet for the stock
holders of the telephone company,
is their own directory of October
stated that the company would pay
their usual dividends ott January,
1919, and this statement substanti
ates their 1 18 forecast, for they
;tate in their Februaryt directory that
they paid $7 per share during the
year of the war, 1918. Stock sells at
.95 per share. Wiith a 50 per cent
advance in rates and already paying
iver 7 per cent dividends, this will
surely be a good stock for the money
Interests to invest in.
Another reason there should be no
tdvance is that the subscription list
s growing and the additional profit
will take up the slack on any ad
vance in operation, and there will be
to advance from now on, arid the
idvance was slight at best.
I understand that the operators
-tnd office help, numbering about 50
have received an advance of about
$12.50 the past year. amounting to
8625. About 10 linemen and others
have received an advance of about
$25-or another huge overhead of
$2l1, while the advance in rates
10eans over $12011U1 a month.
We cannot afford to have our tele
phones removed, as that would be
tutting off our nose to spite our fact
but we can cut off a music lesson for
the little girl, a trip to Columbia
gardens for the children, the church
subscription, Itake mother's burden
just a little heavier. and we can also
become so angry at profiteering that
we can send away for graduation
presents. wedding gifts, some garden
tools. and so on and we will do it
and are doing it. for the business in
t terests of this community are not
- alive to our interests.
Every little bit added to what we
I pay makes just a little bit more. But
- the mills of the gods grind slowly
and they grind exceeding small.
\W. A. H.
A Statement Read at the First Fem
inist Congress in the U. S., New
York, March 1, 1919.
For two years the whole western
world has been talking about freedom
and democracy. Now that the war is
over and it is possible to think calm
ly once more, we must examine these
popular abstractions, and consider
(especially here in America where
the boasting has been loudest)-how
much freedom and democracy we
actually have. Above all it behooves
women to determine frankly what
lheir status is in this republic.
Four-fifths of us are still denied
the elementary political right of vot
Only one woman has held a seat
in the United States congress.
Only 21 women are sitting in our
48 state Idgislatures.
With rare exceptions all the higher
executive offices in both state and
federal governments are, by law or
rigid precedent, open only to men.
In only six states do women sit on
With hialf a dozen exceptions in the
lower courts, there are no women
In all government work, federal,
state, county and city (notoriously
in public school teaching) women
are paid much less than mhen for the
In private industry, where it is
estimated t hat 12 million women are
now employed, the wages of women
both skilled and unskilled (except in
a few trades) are on a scale of their
own, materially lower than the wages
of men. even at work where their
productive capacity is equal or
Most of the strong labor unions,
except in trades where women are
in the majority, still close their doors
to women workers.
Marriage laws in many states (in
cluding the guardianship of children)
are designed to perpetuate the eco
nomic dependence of a wife on her
husband. And nothing has been done
in this country by way of maternity
insurance or by giving to a wife a
legal right to a share of her hus
band's earnings in recognition of her
services as houseworker and nurse.
to modify that dependence. And the
vital importance of potential eco
noinic independence has yet to be
come a recognized principle of mod
ern education for girls.
Voluntary motherhood is an ideal
unrealized in this country. Women
are still denied by law the right to
that scientific knowledge necessary
to control the size of their families,
which means that among the poor
where the law is effective, marriage
can become virtual slavery for wo
Laws. judges. courts, police, and
social custom still disgrace, punish
and "regulate" the woman prostitute
and leave uncensured the man who
trades with her-though in case of
all other forbidden vices the buyer
as well as the seller suffers if caught.
From this brief statement of facts
it is fairly clear that women in Amer
ica today not only share wholesale
denial of civil liberty which came
with war and remains to bless our
victory, but carry a special burden
of restrictive legislation and repres
sive social custom (not in any way
relieved by the war for freedom nor
affected by the two years' crusade
of democratic eloquence)--a burden
which halts them. in '.almost every
field of endeavor, and. effectually
marks them as an inferior class. This
is stated without any bitterness and
with full recognition of the fact that
women by their passivity have made
these things possible. But it is stat
ed for a purpose.
It is my hope that this first wo
inc's freedom conference, held in
New York city, will see the birth of
a new spirit in American women-a
spirit of determined pride-which
will lead them to declare:
"We will not wait for the social
revolution to bring us the freedom
we should have won in the 19th cen
( By Edward Brook Warren.)
Who trains those lawless lawyers
t Sneak shady legislation through;
SThien bids the courts ulihold the