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America's Pay Day
BIG MELLON CUTTING BY UNCLE SAM
Interest on Liberty Loan to Amount of $78,000,000 to
Be Paid On May 15.
May 15 is one of Uncle Sam's big
paydays, for on that day he pays his
citizen investors $78,102,249.38 in
interest on liberty bonds, according
to figures received at the state head
quarters of the Montana War Savings
During 1919 America has eight
great paydays when interest total
ing $703,000,000 will be paid on
If every bond holder clips his in
terest coupons and exchanges them
for May war saving stamps at the
postoffice, bank or other authorized
station, he will help both himself
and his government. Get your share.
Every $4.16 in war savings stamps
will grow to $5 by January 1, 1924.
Keep your dollars growing! Re
member interest is the only money
we don't have to work for.
More than a billion dollars was
invested in war savings and thrift
stamps in 1918. More than 239,
712,916 war savings stamps were
sold to the people. Each one of these
war savings stamps is growing in
value to its owner at the rate of one
cent every month it is held. Every
month the value of the country's
holdings in war savings stamps in
creases by about $2,397,129. If
these stamps are all held until they
mature, in January 1, 1923, they will
be worth more than $1,200,000,000
or a clear profit of $200,000,000.
It pays to be a shareholder in the
Every locality in Montana has its
own particular angle of interest this
year in the national thrift campaign.
Without a money quota, as was the
case in 1918, the success of the work
done by the county and township war
savings organization will be shown
at the end of the 1919 campaign by
the increase in thrifty families, by
the individuals who have become
systematic savers and investors in
the little government securities
thrift stamps or war savings certif
What Montana does in this cam
paign will be added to the results
in the other forty-seven states to
make a better United States. As
usual, down at Washington they
rather look to Montana to be among
the leaders. And it is up to the local
Workers to uphold the reputation of
his particular section.
What's a Nickel Worth?
Do you know that five cents
thrown here, wasted there or spent
foolishly means that somewhere or
somehow a whole dollar of your
money must be laid away for more
than a year in order that it may
earn back the five cents.
In other words, if a friend owed
you a dollar and had agreed to pay
41/ per cent interest on the debt,
it would take more than a whole
year of your dollar resting in his
hands to earn the nickel that you so
easily and thoughtlessly wasted.
Likewise twenty-five cents wasted
would mean that five dollars of your
money must rest in the hands of the
man who owes it to you for more
than a year.
Also--Do you realize that every
human being has a well-balanced
and very tangible monetary worth
equal in amount to approximately
twenty times his yearly earning ca
In other words, the money one
earns represents interest on his phys
ical powers or brain powers, or both,
when capitalized, and therefore one's
earning power determines how much
he is. actually worth to himself.
MOONEY IN ACCORD
WITH BIG STRIKE PLANS
Wants Justice for the Inno
cent. Action Is Needed
for What Is Back of De
tention, Says Prisoner.
(Seattle Union Record.)
So much has been said recently
by those (who down in their hearts)
are opposed to the A. F. of L. and the
policies of the Mooney Defense league
about Mooney being opposed to the
methods of the league and that his
case was being commercialized, that
the writer while in California recent
ly to reply to "Revolution Ole," made
it a point to visit Tom Mooney and
secure positive statement from his
own lips relative to these matters.
"Well, Tom," said the writer, on
being admitted to see him, "some
folks declare that you are being com
mercialized by the defense league,
that certain individuals are advocat
ing the series of five-day strikes in
order to drag your case out, and that
you would probably not approve such
a program. How about it?"
Makes Mooney Laugh.
"Ha, ha, ha, that makes me
laugh," said Mooney. "The people
who say those things, don't know
what they are talking about. They
probably have had little or no or
ganization experience. I have been
an active member of the Molders' tin
ion for the past 17 years, and con
sequently as you must know, have
had considerable experience in that
time and know something of the rank
and file of the labor movement;
about how far it is prepared to go,
and what it lacks in education along
"In view of all this, I am there
fore heartily in favor of the league's
prograni for three five-day strikes be
ginning July 4, Sept. 1 and Nov. 19,
respectively, and then if satisfactory
results are not forthcoming, taking
a vote upon the question of an in
definite strike. As to Nolan, person
ally, I do not know a single indi
vidual in the whole world whom I
would rather have as chairman of the
defense committee than Ed. He has
built up a wonderfully efficient or
ganization. What is needed is more
Therefore---When a man earns
$65.00 per month or $780 per year,
his monetary value is practically
twenty times as great, or $15,600.00.
Or if his salary is $100 per month
or $1,200 per year, his ability or ca
pacity to earn is worth $24,000 t(
him (figured at 5 per cent).
Now, therefore, when you waste
five cents are you not using up one
dollar of your precious personal mon
etary value and vital energy for more
than a whole year, or 'as first sug
gested above, making useless and oi
no account a debt of $1.00?
And it doesn't make much differ
ence whether you are letting youl
dolar lie idle for a year or more to
make up the five cents, or whether
you are wasting a dollar's worth of
your vital energy for a year. Five
cents wasted is a serious matter
when you come to think of it.
Here is food for thought.
Think in interest.
A nickel is the interest on a wholt
dollar for a year or more.
Would you loan your money with
out interest? Of course, not.
Then remember that wasting
nickel is lik, loaning a dollar foi
more thani a year without interest
On the other hand when you save
a nickel, figure that you have col
lected the interest on one dollar foi
more than a year.
THINK IT OVER. TIIINK IN IN
A nickel saved means a dollai
working for you a whole year.
When you save money you are re
ally getting interest on money you
Interest is the only money you
don't have to work for. Read thal
No matter what your station in
life, a little money wasted means a
lot of capital lying idle, absolutely
useless, for one year.
For quick computation multipil
the waste by 20 and you will learn
the amount or capital that must' lie
idle for a year to earn the waste
Don't value yourself too lightly.
Figure out what you are worth.
Your ability to work and to think
constitute your God-given/ working
The money you eara', $500 per
year, your vital energy;' is worth
about $10,000 to you.
If you earn $1,000 in a year, your
vital energy is capitalized at aprox
When you waste ,five cents you
are using up-rendering absolutely
useless--one dollar's worth of your
precious vital energy for a year or
more, according to the rate of inter
Or you are loaning a dollar of
your money for more than one year
The man who handles his nickels
and dimes wisely--who thinks in
terms of interest-has found the key
which makes wealth.
Remember-interest is the only
money you don't have to work for-
the easiest money in the world -
read that again.
Stop the waste. Govern your vital
energy and collect interest by sav
ing. It will brighten your whole fu
THINK IN INTEREST. SAVE.
Don't waste the nickels, the dimes,
or the quarters, but loan the money
to Uncle Sam instead, and conserve
and retain all of your personal mon
etary value,-and increase your inter
co-operation from some of those fel
lows who are talking so much and are
so afraid the league will get funds
to successfully accomplish the desired
A Big Man's Job.
"I read in some of the papers how
charges had been made that I was
being commercialized. That's a great
big joke; here's Nolan broken in
Imealth himself, working his head off
week in and week out, keeping the
office going, directing the field work
ers (of which he has all too few, and
has no small job securing the right
kind), attending to all the detail
work and worrying about finances.
I tell you it's a big man's job, and
a big man is filling it.
"It takes funds and lots of them to
send out literature, and field work
ers are absolutely essential in such
a fight as this. As a matter of fact,
the only way to get the money is to
send someone out after it.
"I laugh too, when I hear about
some of these propagandists telling
their sob stories of how thin and
gray Mooney is getting and if some
thing isn't done immediately, even
without a defininte program, he'll
surely die in jail."
Justice Is Demanded.
"Why," said Mooney, "I could stay
here for the next 10 years without a
chirp if it will serve the best interests
of labor for me to do so, but my
friends and I are all convinced that
the best interests of labor can be con
served by seeing to it that this trav
esty upon justice shall not be permit
ted to prevail, and by serving notice
that at any time one of our number
is unjustly persecuted, there will be
no let up in the fight until such
wrong be righted.
"When you get back to Seattle,"
continued Mooney, "tell Editor Ault
and the rest of the folks that the
the labor boys at St. Quentin (and
there are seven of us) all say that
the Union Record is the best daily
paper that ever comes our way and
that the best American citizen that
was born can read it With great
The writer saw Mrs. Rena Mooney
(Tom's wife) for a few minutes be
fore her departure from San Fran
cisco on April 27, for New York,
AUTOMATIC COW GIVES GOOD MILK
To fight the high cost of ':ilk, tho dcpn artment of mnarkets of New York,
through an invenltion, i's producing "Gratde A" milk at ten cents i quart.
There is little diTfference in the taste 1of the real mt ilk aund this milk iul the
food vatlue is the same. It is ultte up of .powdered ii.k, \ ater and sweet
where she was to s.pealk at Mlaldisoln
Square Garden on May 1 under tlie
auspices of the l)l'Defense league, with
which she is workilng contiuliiuislVy
hand in hand. She is very optimiiis:t it
"Toni will leave SI. Quentlin jail
by July 3 nevOer to etinli us pr is
Has Faith in lahor.
Her faith is pinniied oin labor and
its determination to make sucli i a
demonstration beginning July 4 as j
will shake the whole world.
The International Workers' De- 1
tense league headquarters at lt7 t
Russ building, Sail Francisco, is a c
veritable bee-hive of activity and C
most excellent team work.
During my stay the ilmmediate I
task was to circularize over 20 thou
sand local unions, placing four dlocu
ments in each envelope giving in
structions for the taking of the strike
Following these are over four Iil- -
lion ballots which are destined to j
cause the writing of a new page in t
American labor history. In spile of 1
the many barriers to be overcome and i
obstacles surmounted, the defenseI
forces are facing their task with in- 1
domitable courage and a task to do i
that is bound to win.
It is sincerely to be hoped that all
who read this article will realize
something of the great work being
accomplished by the league and will
at once resolve to co-operate to the
limit of their ability, particularly
with reference to making the July 4
strike an overwhelmingly successful
denmonstration of labor's solidarity
upon tile great issues involved in the
o - - - - --------o
Business Moves West
Who has not observed how in the
last 40 years markets and manIufac
turing have been moving west----near
er and nearer the sources of the raw
material? The big grain markets,
with their terminal elevators and
mills, used to be in New York city
and Buffalo. Now they are In Chi
cago, Minneapolis, Duluth and Kani
For tile saume reason the steel in
terests are gradually moving their
blast furnaces and foundries to Lake
Erie ports anid to Duluth, that is,
nearer the Minnesota and Michigan
ore which they use. The new eleva
tors and mills pIlanned by the state iof
North Dakota likewise carry the sec
ondary industries in the grain trade
another jumlp nearer the i source of
supply. The state packing plants
to comue soon too will do thlle same
This jump is the natural, logical
development at the present timne.
Rather it has been the logical thing
for many years, but our railroads
and other special interests located
farther east have held it back arti
ficially for obvious profit reasons.
''he railhroads, for instancle, mtake it
cheaper to ship grain frolt western
North Dakota to Minneaplolis or Dl)l
uth than fromt the samie place to
Fargo, but every mlan lmulst recognlize
such a railroad-miade condition is ab
surd and flying ill the face of reasonl
and efficiency. The farmners and the
consumners mlust stand tile expenlse oft
it and the monopoly plrofits drawn
The forces arrayed in its favor
and against logical business devel
opment are and have been so strong,
however, that many have despaired
of change for the better. But by
throwing the whole power of their
state against these monopoly forces,
the farmers of North Dakota will he
able to break them. The farmers
will thus open up a great new busi
ness development profitable to theim
selves and to the consumers, because
it will embrace not merely the state
owned enterprises but co-operative
and private business ventures now
strangled by the tribute-taking east.
Let us keep in mind that the North
Dakota farmers have fundamental
business efficiency on their side;
whereas their opponents have very
expensive artificially-made condi
Comnmissioner of Light W. F. E.a
vis, of Cleveland, Ohio, has not only
promised service to a gre'ater nunt
ber of domestic users this year, but
has guaranteed that the rate will
remain at 3 cents. This is the answer
to predictions that Cleveland's mu
nicipal electric light plant would
have,to raise its-rate on account of
increased cost of coal, labor and ma
Sterials used in extending its lines.
STwo millions five hundred thousand
is to be. spent in.extension of the
v plant, $500,000 of which will go to
- domestic consumers, and this will
- add 5,000 to -the list of 5,000 users
of the service.
i) --- ------ ---- .- --....... ii
i Co-Operative Selling
Th'e Omtalha branlh of the F.rni
i U n,' ITI!ioIn LivIstolk llllIllliSSi ol)n
h:tnlled 5,170 car lohas of ,,toclk in
thli yealr (end(d with I l\arch, ias coin
pared with I2,1816 car lad:is in the
yealr previous, thie firat year of opl
eration. The balance of income above
explenses was $36.787.51 for the year
just closed iid d llalkes possible the
return of 46 per centt of the cont
nmissions paid by tointbh'ers. As is
the case at all other stockyards this
co-operative Orgallilautionll WaS OX
cluded fromn the livestock exchange
bv the slpcial interests andll it mllde
this splendlid showing in spite of this
IOIlilittI .TI AI, I:EATHIIti,
Preaking into the shioe repaiir shop
of Joseiph George, 73240 Edwards ave-i
ntiue, at an early hour this morninlg,
twio t!hn stole a qullantity of sihoe
lealther. Persons who saw the burl
glars entering thel slhopI phonled to tile
iolice stationl, but the meni had fled
before tthe officers arrived. The shop
is locatled outside of the city limlits.
. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
- Is the Workingman's Paper
The work of making this paper
_J successful depends not so much
on the management as it does
upon the efforts of its supporters.
The Workers should encourage
the merchant whose advertise
ment is found in the columns
of the Bulletin by giving him a
liberal patronage. It requires
some nerve these days of Iron Heel sup
pression to stand up and be counted. All
lovers of liberty and a square deal must
It Is Up To You, Mr,. Worker
IRELAND IS ARMING TO FORCE
LIBERTY FROM BRITISH, SAYS
SINN FEIN REPRESENTATIVE
By IIAltOLI)D. 1:i'lWIITO(L.
(European Manag14r for' N. E. A.)
Paris, April 10. - Ireland is stead
ily arnming, according to Sean T.
O'Ceallaigh (John T. ()'Kelly) Sinn
Fein representative\ ill Paris, "alnd
Ireland will see to it thai it c(nnot
be said there is peace' ill Eu4I0rop1e until
the Irish quillestion is : i:misfactorily
"T'lhe war," he addsh "will be ear
ried into the (cmally11'4 s (c:1) iand Eng
lanld will have bIrought ho14nie Ito her l
own1 doors iin most 11nwel'loQie foal14
\ivid evidence of Irislh antipa11tly to
'lThel Irish vote in Alnerica, lhe ays,
will Imake its influlentce fel in no
uncertain terms, if President Wilson
seeks. final Iraitificationl for a he;:glue
o)f nations and a peace treaty that
ignores the Irish 1 qu1estion.
The Sinn Vein delegates hold forth
in a modest, rI'od-carpehtl'. td roomI ill tht,1
(:ralnd hot11 l. I called on hiti Ii ert11:'
and told him that almost everylblody
ill America, agre'einlg with hiill or not,
w ould I e interested to ( 14 1 w1,h1at 1 Iie
expected to accolllmplish and wha:t ]he
had to say..,
Ilh produced a cardIl which read:
"Sean T. O'('eallaigh, D)olity ('ollege
Green, Dublin, ltepresenting the Pro
visionlal ((11v14144e4 4t o4 f t4' Iris h I(e
"T' hat il 1 il'y m1 4me, and m1iy 1 llsi
n ," li he :aid. "Ovir here I'll gell
erally addllressed s 'Jo1hn T. O'Kelly,
and I don't mind telling you thati if I
gave mly lllame to t11i e Englisll ll thor
ities in Irehlnd in i le Irish forim,
'O'Colallaighi,' I wouI ltI he locket d ilp."
I siked hinl what 41would lhapplle
if 1I14' p444oC ('llicli'l'l'l ' dlidl 1411 1 ll(e
till Ilhe Irish (lll l110o l l' o ii" 44'4411' d It)
I'O('OglgiliZ I i'nl1t4l , ill 1:41 III idll(( -
"In that 1case," he said, "Irelalnd
will tse every meilan:s that h1uman1 ii
genuliy (tican devise to make Br'itish
government impossible in Ilrelandl.
"If th le peace conference'' fails Io
recognize Ireland's j1ust claims for in
delpendence, I untici1pate that a 1 regu
Iar reign of terror will ensue in Ire
"lI am11 als satisfied i that th1e wallr
will he' ( nriled into the ena y 'ial1
aInd that England will have b)rought
hlomne to he1r own d1oors in most u44
welcomlIe form' vivid evidence o1( f tlhe
Irish antillathy to English rule.
"AIrIs haive beeoi storied ill every
town and village in Ireland.
"'Raids by Irishllmen for 11arms, on
police 11and mIilitary bIlarracks, are a
daily occurreca : l. i In onei raid alone
a few llonths ago two wagon loads
of explosives were stolen by Irish
volunieo'rs froami the military at the
( Grcat Northern railway station in
"\We believe heartily in the league
otf nations, but
"'We are hlstile tio t,' present
league of nations covenant because
of article 7, which says that adinis
sion to the laigiue 'shall tbe limiiited
to fully self-gov'erniing coullltriAs, in
e]lltuing t he domliniolns and colonies.'
"That Irovitl s that Irelanld c(an
lnt olent the lhague until 1'Grat
Britain gralts lier self-governinlient.
Neither icould Egypt. Yet Ireland is
a natioin, judgetld y any standard you
cihoaoa to select -- .lnatioan held by
force ocif ( oI ill indnge.
"II' the Brlitish were to put li olne
iruile into) effel'ct right liow, not
promiise iI, understand, lut start
opierat ing, it mighi t create a bit of
row. If given ipractically compilete
:elf-goiverinieui t isuch is Australia
has, I could personally coinceive of
i I eiiig accelpted.
"lI t the issue in the lnst elec
lions in Ireland in I)eceniultr was
that very question: IHome rul or
ollt ete separatinll- --inlldepe) ndience.
a\ind Sinn Fein swept Irteland oni the
platformt of a lirepublic'.
"We(i Ihrisluinen otsidtl America
hlive no right, naturally to interofere
in Anmerican politlis. But we knoiw
lthat there are ii niily imillions of Iri'sh
peoplle inl lilte' IUnited States. They
are not likely to do anlythinig to hurtll
their own coullntry. But thely all
love Irelandtl, lnd, if I kllnow theml
correctly, they will work with all
Iheir lipower Ito help) Irish gain her
"Theli Irish are the miost illportant
ulll'ntl ill the ldelluocrlatic party. I
believe lthey are a pIowerful etnollghl
factor to swing thalt party's policy.
In states that are strongly repub
lican, the Irish are politically strong
nioughli to have a Imodlerating iii
fluencell, on the views of the reprT)(!
enillatives and stetnators.
"Therefo're, I say that the discus
sion IinoW inll IrgoesS i Allrtieiica on
the' ilulcstion oif the league of na
tioiis will very largely resolve itself
into a queatiion lfor or againist self
deterntinalion for i Ireland.
GITY AND, COUNTY RECORDS
Richard Murtha (24) and Hattie
Kalonsick (24), Butte.
B. F. Silcock (34) and Jessie
Simpson (34), Butte.
George Nicholson (39) and Kath
erine Hiiro (36), Butte.
Richards-To Mr. and Mrs. Adolph
Richards, 1859 Gilman street, ra
daughter, May 13.
Forkin-To Mr. and Mrs.. Michael
Forkin, White Sulphur Springs, a
son, May 3.
Conuff-To Mr. and Mrs. Patrick
Conuff, 809 Excelsior street, a son,
McGraw-To Mr. and Mrs. Artlhir
William McGraw, 932 2 East Galena
street, a son, May 8.
Smith-To Mr. and Mrs. John I.
Smith, 2122 Ottawa, a 'daughter, May
IN DISTRICT COURT. a
New Sui'ts Filed - Augusta Maf
ning vs. Ralph A. Manning, divor ,
John V. Karns vs. Hall Lumber cGo
pany, Bonner & McDonald. North.
w«"e;t Coal company, Tierney Broti
Anton Jancer, grand larceny; Joe
Schmidt, petit larceny; J. N. Nitte,
desertion of children.
Mary J. Roberts et con to C. A. Ca'
rothers et ux., lot 21, block 7, Silver
Bow Park; $1.
C. A. Carothers et ux. to Wulf Re
alty company, lot 21, block 7, Silver
Bow Park addition; $1.
l)eeree: Estate of John Pellegri n;
ldeceased, to Louisa Pellegrini, 1-3 in
terest, Rose Pellegrini Rivera 2-9 in
terest, Angelia Pellegrini 2-9 inter
est, George Pellegrini 2-9 interest,
lot 23, block 12, Walkerville; Cash,
$207.91; $100 Liberty bonds and
muining stocks of unknown value.
Miners Saving Bank and Trust
company to Herbert G. Carmichael et
ux., lot 8 and north half of lot 9,
block 24, Gallatin addition; $1.
Estate of Robert McMinn, de
ceased, et al., to the Noyes estate,
undivided 1-6 interest in residue of
estate as follows: One-half interest
May, Big Bend and Seym.our lodes,
2-5 interest Ringold, 1-8 interest
Natulaus and 1-4 interest Sankey
lodes; 1-4 interest Lucky Boy, 1-8
interest Peterson, 3-16 interest Pike
county and lot 4, block 10, Butte; $1.
Monida Trust to Avila Spooner et
ux to portion surface Railload lode;
Wulf Realty company to George
Merrin, et ux., lots 1 and 2, block
24, Gilman addition; $1.
John O. Wilson to Mrs. Martha
Willis, lot 7, block 1, George Cobban