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Entered as Second-Class Matter, December 18. 11+17, at the Posttflee at bunte. Montana
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FRII)AY. MAY 16, 1919.
ENGLISH DIPLO MACY TRIUMPHS.
There l i a I. uieii i on iii the i in itn of un y a 11 ithe vai l e (1f
ihe patu i "nrlish iirms lrltº'(di ll n l~r beinplishling:, ill' m ilitary ' i-
roni" ti hi f 1 l oi fif Ix lt. I IinfI -f fijn t Ba nll x of Ii ru ne ( I ii
tn I pon lit'e \iolory o En gli I;I lilrtinnowi al I1 ' peace cuin
foe ncll e ill of I''nillt' .
W oof rr nt \ \ W iI -orI. I hirfi iilly irfilepr e nlin2 the t iteri
'rlnrles, mite -lill fieciniled a dl loo1k f id ilpf ni ill -mire iarti'if s a
the dilr inaii t fiigire ill -h-iIiijniiinr xI1 Ii firflieitr ill riealifx i but
ii able uian xxif fll g ioil] I 'in lii I L.ixIi (en rge.
tliro-n[iiillv. e'. frlieifinilf . lii ei.nt ii il i S givxrn fue
li noi r if rarninkin tie li or f e hil. fi t revie ex II I'ie record r If
fri rl/' disrleirs If ii 1:1 in f lijh I il I n i }i . irue t i I nrif if fliIi
ha- suii cei e ifii ii -II I it iinill i co r-i ie .'. event' l- t i ersiille-.
loaf i'rii nf. iievel rn If-s irfrf iIIg. tifnlry - rfr'fienieiitl iifirIp i
Ii uiiiIni fil ii'- irrer nI bf uer 4iui nitl ie is. \viIf ex hiii feri
spluere of i ' lu 1 c e I1 ndu dill nI,\\ market- fit hlex r lnn -
tactured trodr~uel .
-Eifrn land. i ei Int Eni ioII ii I i . i I ngii\ii i I iml ii fi the race r
einmmercid ui n iremnieiv I oren tie xxiir. has taken fi I newi
sense. ru life with the help. nil tin -Ii the cr nivance. If Ifuth
iresidefti f n il fn inned litfef .
.1t (nti im , durltingi t II the pnre o l ' pro eem1lin s 41f lilt
fintrnr tuiin l r unk f in nfei i enn e ll if \i -ailles. ffui pre-idfent of' ti
Uinitedr Siltur- iv\\ refllted I fir ii Iavin Ill neiogniiz'.inirg the
oivnel republic iilf Itissis ue foir n Ii r in t rir crni
Whefher he really \xnv. 4r vfeffrlhn f it wxxr rrrely another
:,(i r offered iii the pen plc by the f eixcf enfvriic ii while imipoii g
1 (iipitalistic fieiice. mtruftern- 14t. The I'l-( riinaiiis that ife
iresent jirlix of fhe l t llie-. tfi fe flel bi Eu frrruf. is (iin x which
lri vecnits the United fae-if hom secr ingn i r r itifell flte oe
in manirrufactureiiiief Irorrtli ii n rl- ui\ interials which Hluissia
eeds anul which xxiii if he 41 ri gret i Ihl nei fit ItI the inif stries ii
\We sad' present fioficx anil isedly. ileirir-e. despire the inn,
-isteiit reports to the rontrr riy in ifti c pilf ist f i esi of thisf
inirrlix.'y i the borlsheviki frr\\"er ii nirif \\ianinii in tii- ini: it is still
the only power recignizei fy the pe- t m\ wrkers. indl
there isnio danger that tffer, will ever refturn Ii ffne Ahf svsteiri.
The policy if fIre allies fixx brfI soilif Itf ssin \ni ill chani i.
11(11 heierise of Al ice. ut iilif neei-silx. and no rile inmulfefrsiniifrs
lhis beher thlm lfrrrii d M iei riiie. The Iii( when xf is i hfirirge
will take plare will f e di igi ale. i I i the f If i lis spikesrniuri
and in fihe interim f"iifnhiilf will finix secured Iiif'r herself a large
portion ii f the inude ill mriuninirfniut ireii prfincin s. which i uii i
iie this ii intrirjlit if it were init fIr he "a mn" alliuile f1inesi
dent W\"ilson has tt'lltl1041 towatrd every En ls poposial.
Leuving ii ide emtirely. f ir the irnui enf. fll theories is fIl ihe
hfst Iriirn of goverinmnni nfl dispfle ti In whether the flus
siln aln ifnner natiniialitit' f I- fuifi 1h'e allflwed fi t I hoi e Ismf
themselves their urxwi sxfleum s. and iiffiking if the uirt letr friie
lx fruit ir ntunleriiilistif i IliinId if l. the rei.rilfs i fu n I nl daIe i and
also in the iinr ing monthsI wifi f' lit ill idiploimacy ii
erfli iiiruti flhiji r I.:m triuim phed. i In d if pililistic if n ' l lul wf ill
1e enjoying the lion'- share fii f trade \\ili fie sfr viet republic
of Imiusiia. iriix freel 4fi ered If i America.
In this runne lfiuºi we reprint hilrf w an illuminating rificle
froim liTihe \jWisciin-in Newr . quiiting u i\ineriian rinsulting
The \ soyit t \ t 4\eit l ie l it-i I it 1i01'ti (I Wl t iIt tittltip it50.
000.001 epl.is asking fill Irutle re'liliions wvith thet
United tilaes. and i, \\illingi and reaulm Il pay cash andn
Th'lis assertion is mnade Iby L. IL. littll4ln1nff euons lling onI
gineer in the la~jeslic lnsihling. \-ilhl hei returned f~rom
New 'i lk. where hle \va, ill tconflerence" with II Ii 'enta
tives it' the ,iviel-.
IRtussia doe, I neel fall; she c l leed hs.self.
said Mte. lIihrus ii. Wii hi l . he is i' nef d ti is tll finished
prodi l.t shoei th t lu ing. Iniw lors. ,hoi t ipi tnxtit and
trucks. ets r iadievr are needed for ts ltivit' ig the ihult t. and
mthe Ir tri ulcks flt trlikt l iii liu g the au- olt -trou . the ii -ftr ttl
the i Ui ttil the H tillroiad t are e eten th-d. iftr tusportalian
is tis utiuteti-' l ftu lt ilt every colt rit. and especially il
Itussia. where distances are grean.
t he oi ppi siitt0 tlion 1 lls a-it ll liked Ili t 'Ilts ia. as fotmil
the ren laiti 10i the hli regimef which weks the reiuri
Ilti ll'o anottltthe ('Lll' I w ish 111.1 \2 ri n m nu a t
i ll gei the tuth ill' the itiuajot . . u New ttrlf newspaper
printed o n article the l i till vi-tu 1iii it guoih g are uarreae
ifrmli luteli. while the guu ils of the other t tl ith' are ifvored.
This will result in all C(' I tiei ii \\e tii 'i 1 e ke o ldtio ni its
of the Russian siiitoattien ant he isian market.
"'Thle ,u\ iet gover'I'lanenlt is uno uuly ready to pa?. cash
mnLet necepible Ill the .\oneries. h\e uinee mathe lIns it
also is willing and ,end back here prtodlius which we need.
such a-; hide,. flax. hemlp. furs, Ilnmber. gratin. Illatinumt.
metal; n mul suiernis.
"We Unti\e lmadelt mlliske t regardinn g linesini ill Iit Ilil.
bult let its not mnake tite ill the mo111, fatal mni lin es regard
ing the RHus-ion nlarket. If' we eleili (411( du iii extend
int Russia the helpin. e ttis give. hat~ ft ta we expect her
Iol exteLi her hand. her .arket? i utr delay will permit
G;ermanly or ;ionic (he1. Bailin. I":nigian l she i. after
lthe Russian maurket ---)l cel the smlallel' nations. which
ever gels in and gives the Rulssian soviet hells. mill e1)1111l
the Russian market fur mniu yeaors Ill coue. Fill if, to ht'
shuft 1)1t1 i the 131s inn nliai~ket iwe ea nn t aff'Iort as a
"Russia needs hell s l ani he will get it. \o other' Il
tion amoing the allies i, u well liked ill Russia. its huts.
\\e are ill a position Ill help them and we should.
I van secure from the ,ttiet representatives orders
for W\is~onisilln aunt'uctnrer, amounuting fmint " 1.01T).
000O to $25Mb.000.000 if ourlt gtovernmnent \\ill give its all ex
port license for shipnuenl of Aood A P'etrograd and allow
us louise the cables for the transmlission of gold from Rus
sia in payment for hie goods.
"Let us not deceive our'selves. We need hie Russian
market and need it badly for the -olvinig of our unemply-
mi~ent problem. W e must give a jilb to every matt and
woman who nteeds one. Let It, Fi after the Rju siant
Union Stock Hodders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WOIIKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup. Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, lIed Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UN ON--Livingston.
MACHINISTS UNION-- Great Falls. Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS UNION Great Falls. Butte, Livingstwn, Stattle.
CEREAL WORKERS- Breat Falls.
TYPOGRAI'[iO'AL IUN ON -luntte.
IILACSAilITHS. j::i :< Ruti', Miles City, Sealite,
ICLEiiCiT IANS I'N10 Lii il ai ton, Doer Lodge, ilntle, Anaconda,
BAKERS' t'NION---C -:o Falls.
SHOE WORNERS-- t- Falls.
PLASJ'ERERS IN ON Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REI'.\ HERS- Livingston, Miles City.
MtSICIANS' UNION Hutti.
BREWERY W'ORKEFIS' UNION- -Butte.
HOD CARIlFRS UN ON-liatte and Bozeman.
STREET ('AR MENS U'NION- -Butte.
1IARIERS' INION lutte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' I'NION (independent) ---lutte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UN!ION-Butte.
MAILERS UNION Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECT'ROTYPERS' UNION--Butte.
BRIDGE ANI) STRUCTURAL IRON \VORKERS-Butte.
BROTHE tIOOt) BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
Bt TCH(RSH UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
ILU NDRY WORKERS' UNION. NO. 25-Butte.
1 Li'M1>ERS' INION---Butte. Seattle.
BROTIERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL -NO.
224 --Miles City.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
1H01) CARRIERS' UNION-Helena.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430- nutte.
BUTTE FOINDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte.
BOILERIMAKERS. SHlIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
Tacoma, Seattll . Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS. LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
AND TIIOUSANIIS OF INDIVlDUAI.S TN BUTTE AND MONTANA
BUILDINGi LA.-kO31E11S' UNION-Seattle.
INTEIIN.\TIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIIIGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND I'iLEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86--Seattle.
nline'k4t gild suppid ' ly Russia 1111 Ills f'ili-4hed( and 1111fi1
i-llc'( Ilrodulsl( thel salviol Ruslsionl governmen4 t needs. Let
it II f I or l' Il that se -i t'l'"'el'\Vatii l is the law (Ii' itilt're
ii11(1 it 1)\ ipit iii the 1i'est'r i'ati In (fill' ow'il peace lies
in the givinug at, empltla\'iii('lllt to every aiaa ad wl imlelt
p\-late s titi ea ly 11 it ih II' jheitl daily 1 riad. The lilus
si11n marllket w ill /1ini5h 111 ,jfb."
1i I. ll iltraffI i ill ieg~olialiI n \withl a mI mbelh r Ilf Alli
\\ilankll gild \\is("( nsinI iltII manufne lurer- re ;garl' in~g 11112(
11,0''' e Irs [ne hunte' iate dhipm n oli(I)1n-4 in. 11t' vIontonu -
plates fil carl\' trill limi1 self' I I the In11(1 l lo the foam iel"
KING COON EY SPEAKS.
lii ltlie o linaril' we ('xllailll h e ilt"iei'l the Iieittliig, '4Ai si
iiiss lit t ie 1ii(1i' Mi'. (1e . this is 111'" 141 (it'ist dhulh we devialte
l >441 ('i !1th ('il r t iiii I i Ii IC' 'i1 i ivery I 4ler in Silver 1114'. 14441 ly
illnr iho it ('l il 11.1 this lit ii li g 's issu le Id lii t sheel .
( l 1t '114 41' five. \t14 nltltn iiie. I itler the heading, " tilt' ito'
.\\ill s i ir gl i It ltle.( 1 l' p i t i t' 4 i 'l'l wiih oillet'Il t)t' i llel t' lii
c1nlin issiolner, All. 01111)('. give, ('1) the first limle since his
(i(ctit n his a it1tie. o 1nio those \hoe roles elected hint 11
Nihose itrvltlt he is technically l 11 11 A l1sed to he. is Ill int Mr.
Ii tt I'l i as It l o li' h eneitils derived by the 'litlC it lfrotlit'lse orl er
il'llor'ing It!! telep'holne f'ront the ('llt nissioner, qular~ter's. Lihl
Hiller slu1ri read,:
\ot 11 c lls (o s1nil(1 l't'' ttk wilhotli hti ing stie liotI '.
ibli(II illtei'rulintIg wil th a 11t long conver1sationI aban11t thel 1n
'alllilr' ca l ioll tionl of hlis nleir thne I's 11i,' 1141. (11('ill'e(
I: In lilli'""illu r (:1111 1('\.
For 41 n e. \'1 l. 114 onl ne'i .Iittlii. Ithe intt'I le tll It 'p heihltl til ' his
jl 11' 41 ml illt ellklllgV liii' li~'41111 I~'t- 1111lied i liel'('l 11eetig li l ill it'
hliý real oIpiniw, (11 ithoae person1s \\1141 ulu l the ite11erily I1 adl
dress him us 11, lunil'ters re!lulini to his (utlllt' . 11 is I11 he hoped
the ".dour idiot, \\h fil \11ed 1'01 (;oo1ne\' will r''lemember the ill
ciden( \%hell Ibel 1)1x1 election neeur1s.
If hIbuse whlo are kn1ocking" _1overnmle1t 1wnIershlip 111 the
,'ailroauls ol ft(,' _roululd 1111 thet rate, hav\e increased IIon ('
layi o fl' 1111 m i ll of s ar't f ingif I omt 1' 111 11 I'reiriht 11(les wVills ill
l'v'ni1'4 ill prices folr ('()l t, o l l cop 'er. lumberl'l. gals!linle. ugf
Irie1ltulral mlachinen'. And in the comp11ariSonl we are ý1oing I1
1111l a m1ighly g'ooll Iirrgument for ien e t w rh Il o the
\\hnl le proli l ering truil' -rishlen 11 llil.1 Th'Ie pflulncralt, 11,11
better slick to "hill per cent .\merieniis' andua leave the uc
Inda fact., alone.
NIoa' lithle II he talk gboul imei1,an .holheism il the
tilt i rel s t' i 11141i es with cI riin i'-;t tt i ce I iti pomnlii- which
\\111 I1 :ecae the enlployer, I4 labor anda the ow\ners 111 ilulus
Ir'ial Iprop1erlY in11to aking 1111 t Il'\ 1'111 fun 1 o ilnslu ance -strik!'
Illti n (1 11 'e , . \' i s l I l i n l n as t hil1:- 5 1 lls kind one i ath oflilltl (t
the hind it o hen i enouglh Ill lun(nVer ii lot Ill so)-Calledl
"lrolit ,th rinºI i .'
" 11111/an demakna d and rl',Illin_ pr1icce .. isay 111+ Pac1ker.
i, (:hicoea2 m1arke4t paper. '-like priillit. is a 111111 l Ini\\ (but
uni1!'umentsli cannal ahru:_atie Thllqer 'ore it 1'1llow\' 1logic
ililt that Dill trulsls are strongerl 11i11 1overnmlenI . 1,111 d11 they
1101 curry s1111ly\ ill 1111 1,ockl' nar l Ielam oun ill fill other. ilnd
from the trade bh ien\('l the iii<I tlockets real) enu'nllnu
.111 1 11\\ it de vloII, IhalI .\,1115 n i \a 1(111 k. \\hI )s " 2.o\
im 1tll at ()n111 k has b~eell reemonliz('d by this re ublI if-. i; it
(rb -ol e 11 imperl'1ial Jhuponl. '1I:' e v 11l lgicat step in the ,real
garli IF hun1king 111 pleophlI -Iol ldl he tile reco'gnition o
\\h11 send, liame11 F;1,1i''n tripping by
\\ith ,jau1l} hat dram n o'r ono eye.
T11 show\\ 1111 11aughter" what, to buiy?
W hell discussing the late Will'. 1lu I' fi'g'et that it \\'1 1ti,
astrlm, for all co1neern1ed excefll the Ilrofiteers. Even it' 1Iul\
:rely ' 1111( and almlab tia. Ilh( IHalian fanmer will Ill) get it foot
more id Sbil 1111( he hit, In h1111 11;1 ril impo)(Ssible deht.
(.arItl'r (,las. it ullemlel' 1f \\i II I(' abi nlet, f''111 thet aulith.
condoned the raiding of the \e\\l 1unk (:all olice by haolndim.
Thel( C:all mu11st have been briln ine_ ihthe ()Il of the "t\\ili hti
illlt the ' lht" tun soon.11
I The Death Train of Siberia
We have made many assertionv as
to who are the powers of darkness
and who the powers of light in Ius
sia. We have made them in the face
of an avalanche of contrary state
ments in the press and periodicals of
this country. Our belief in the truth
of what we were saying rested upon it
general knowlcdge of the nature of
the class-struggle against capitalism
everywhere, upon a careful and stu
dious reading batween the lines of
the lies in other pub'ications, and
upon private information which came
to us through channels suppressed
,r ignored by those publciations.
We have never had any doubt of the
essential ti nth of what we were say
ing. But we have not before had
the power to make it virual and un
escapable to our readers that we have
today. We ask you to read through
to the end this article. The Death
Train of Siberia," and then read
through to the end the report of
Lunachars-y, the botshevik com
missar of education. Both are in i
,ense "official reports." Which
side are you on when you linish
This is the story of an incident in
the attempt to overthrow bolshevism
in Russia. by nassacre. It is the
story of the deliberate and inhuman
killing of men and women and chil
dren by the ('zecho-Slovak and Kol
chak monarchist forces in Siberia.
It was first made known in this
country by t brief and unrevealing
dispatch which appeared in the New
The w hole dreadful truth has now
onme to light, and the "Ieath t'rain
of Siberia 'stands revealed in its
;inister magnitude as one of the most
horrible outrages upon humanity. not
merely of this wiar, but in all human
history. The facts are these:
It the fall of 191 S. tile bolshtoviki
took the city of Samnara. It was
captured from them a little later by
the Czecho-Slovaks. who proceeded
to throw into prison hundreds of red
guards, and others suspected of bol
The city was soon retaken by the
bolsheviki. And when the C'zecho
Slovak forces evacuated the city, they
loaded these imprisoned red guards
and bolsheviki sympathizers, together
with all the oiter people then in the
city prisons, on a train. Fifty car
loads of herded humanity, packed it
closely as if they were already the
corpses they were intended and des
tited to become. That was in Sep
teitber. * * For six weeks
the prisoners on that train did not
tee the light of day, except when the
doors of the car were opened to throw
out the dead. This assertion may
seeem incredible; but it needs to be
amended only by the excerption of a
crrload of women prisoners, who
were expressly kept for the uses of
tol ofticers of the convoy. *
'rhe rest left the train only a'
cortses-and in that six weeks 110
starved and frozen and pestileince
stricken bodies were thrown from
the train to rot. It had become the
hDeath 'train," known all over Si
to -a.s it must teconiie kiowit 'all
over the world, as a symbol of the
blind hatred and flundish veng~c snce,
of the enemies of holshevisitt.
After six weeks, it was halted at
Nikotsk ity Some tAmerican iIed
(ti'oss workers, whoi dotted the au
titorities. held the t rain agaitit: or
tiers for six days. and rescue:1 from
this perambulating inferno some 2e))
victims. And then the train resumed
its dreadful prtigres; back and forth
across Siterit. * 5
'this death train, it should be rt
mtembered, is an incident in the rule
of terror exercisesi in Siieria by the
('~echo-Slovak and Kolchak forces.
with whiorl the American, British.
hreehtiit and Japanese forces were,
and are, co-operating.
It is through the correspotndencc
of these American Red Cross worker:
it Siberia that the whole story hais
reached America at last. We quot'
telow somite portions of the diary of
itr. Rudolph iu ukley, formerly an
Ante: ican banker in Honolulu, now
with the American fled ('ross in Si
boria. It is the record of a six-day
itat ititption of ttiis prolonged mas
atre. * * We have nolitted
ii tain portions of Ili, story which
deal with the heroic efforts of Ite
lied Cross tmie to relieve the suffer
ing of the victims. otherwise the nar
rative stands as it(' wrote it night by
night after long clays of unimragin
atle deeps of horror. It is an ex
tiaorditutry and utterly convincing
story of a horrible thing which we
believe the w~rld will not soon for
It is the 15th of Novetitir, 1915
I stn at Nikolsk-tssurisk in Siberia
in the past two days I have seen
misery to till it lifetime. * * *
'I have ri ad many times of tdii
tltack Hole of Calcutta. I have beer
Itold of Russian prisoners returningti
front Getet mat prison camps wrecked
,r; staurvattio and tuberculosis. Only
four weeks ago. as a four-muitiniu
ruan. I was preaching the doctrini, o;
hate'.' 'Today. I humbly ask for
giteoness for tly thoughts of hat'
and pray front the (tpths of it;y sort
that I may be allowed to play ii
palt, though ia small one, in tryinti
to improve tile condition of iten
whatever their ntiionalitil, o that
perhaps sane day this world may
emerge into the grhiet brotherhood
and that such ,hings as I tave seter
maiy becomteti itolto-usible. * ' *
'I have stin. throtigh the Windows
of box cars wtotle' dimIletnsions welt
24x li fe et. 40 anitual- who iiiis
1were humnan ne'tn. worsen and thint
dren: face ;,,u rrd at mie which
tcould not recognize as those of hu
rauan beingt . They were like beast=
afaes. of i spei'irs unknown to titan
Stark idie-mss and terror starc'
from their t yes. and over all the in
mistakatl sign of death. * *
Thlisi ';rin "f death," for bty tha
numil ai istlrn Siheria 1oiW knowt
tel--' \l. ii of the Russian rail
roil .ry I 'e stationed as far teest
I'' .. Ihuiia sitttitn, soitti 1.201
mii ile- a' 'I of here. thnottgt wltich
Ill trI mu t have passed tit letist
tltree ttek .tI.go. Sitnce thlen it liar
ttutse'l II "Il" I Hutitar. Titaikar. Hat'
hint .11' .111e gointg ott and on like
,u itthi" ''-''its. thritugh a land
wh ete it sItri kenu passetigers fountd
litle oodandless pitly * a* *
* 'i left Samuara * *
*iii lii g' itt sitme Rusasiati of
ticers t 11iadi tot board at that tim
210 ii i isootrs of alt sorts. They
itr I'l'-lHatrentlyt civil tirisoners.
0om1 '-'re hitlslheviki, olhiers had
been released trom the prison at
samara. Many of them said they
wcre thrown into jail for being
against the bolslieviki at the time the
bolsheviki were in control; and when
in the course of the fighting the
Czechs and Russians occupiad Sa
mara, they simply cleaned out the
whole jail, packed the prisoners into
this train and sent them out west.
letween that day and the day be
tore yesterday, when we found this
loathsome caravan in Nikolsk, 800
of these wretches had died from
starvation, filth and disease. In Si
Ib-ria there is misery and death on
every hand, on a scale that would ap
pal the stoutest heart. There were,
as near as we could count, 1,325
men, women and children penned up
in these awful cars yesterday. Since
last night six have died. By and by
they will all die if the train is per
mitted to go on in such conditions.
"It seems a wicked thing to say,
but the thought has surely come to
me that to kill these people pain
lessly would require perhaps $3
worth of poison or $10 worth of am
munition; and yet for weeks this
train of 50 cars has been wandering,
driven on from station to station,
every day a few more corpses being
dragged out. Many of these people
have been in box cars for live weeks
in their original clothing. There are
front 35 to 40 in a box car, measur
ing, say 25x11 feet, and the doors
have seldom been open savoy to drag
out the bodies of the dead, or somie
women who might better be. I
have been told that when they first
started there were as many as (00 in
many of the cars, but death has
weeded thett out. 1 have climbed
into these cars at night with my flash
light, I have gone into them in the
early mornings and examined them.
I have seen men with the death rat
tle in their throat., hall' naked, with
lice and vermin visible ott them;
others with the whining grin of im
beciles. holding out their hands for a
mew cigsrettes or kopecks, chuckling
with glee like apes upon being given
ti( tsQ (l(i(at, silet rals;(isai ro
viitin this train his nothing, and the
accumulation of filth in which these
people have lived and are dying is
absolutely unspeakable. The Rus
sian oflicer who was in charge of the
train has made inconsistent state
ments about the reasons why these
people have been subjected to such
awful deprivation and abuse. He
tries to make the beht story of it
possible. They were supposed to
have been fed regularly at the dit
e'ierent. stations along the route, but
Otten for days at a time there has
been no one to give theit even bread.
Were it not for the kiidiess of the
poor villagers who, with tears run
ning down their cheeks, mecin and
women alike, give them what little
they can afford, they would be ab
solutely without nourishument.
"It have talked with a woman dos
tor (a prisoner on the traiit] who
was doing lied C'ross work with the
(c1 guards. She would have done
the sa tne work for anyone. She has
ten on this train for weeks. I have
it; led to a girl untuelr I yearn of
age, itu' tiful, refined, intellectual.
She was formerly i typist and book
keeper in the mayor's otlice at. SN
tara. The oppolsitiin patsy got in
'tie applied for the sate' job and got
it. Later time autnhorities heard of
hes' former occupation and she wx's
sentenced to six days it jail. She
was taken in the great net. She lihs
been on this train for weeks. and
iinless ise Red ('ross corses to lit
aid sie will die on this train. All
the clothing lise has on is a filthy
idense and skirt, a sort of petticoat,
5 ttir '01 stoelciigs anth lists!s. Nit
coat, in this lierce ixnter weather.
I have talked to a man who xlinta
not Ihe brainss left to know the dif
ference between a red guard and one
of any other color. His wife iuar
reled with another woman, who evi
dently lodged complaint. That night
he was arrested in his husei, accused
if being a red guard. tie has been
in ilie box car for live weeks. He
will sie within 48 hours. * 5'
I have seen them die, and the follow
ing morning I have seen their bodies
dragged out of the ears like so much
sbbish. The living are indifferent.
For they know that their turn will
tome nest. : * While tihe
prattle about liberty, jtlstice and !ii
snanity goes on * *' * our hands
ire bound by 'diplomacy' * *
We are holding the train. That is
lhe imain thing. It should have ha
;un going back toward S muara last
;ight. list it has not gone and I do
not think that the Russian train of
icrials will dare to send it out with
tss on the spot all the time, opening
the cars ourselves. talking to the
srisoners, giving theis what hope of
see!p we can, and taking photographs
".ery day. We are doing all this
without authority. and in the fac' oft
his lotisr we donit care who cares.
'"it is iispossible to tell in print
lie story of the uin fortiuls to women
thi have been imprisoned here ill
lei thete awful conditions. Thlsi
iie trs'ted better than the men.
You all know why. In one car are
11 women. We have sat with them
snd talked with them in a mixed jar
,on of French, Russian and German.
On thie inside of the car hangs a pieic
if string. On it are four pairs of
isckings owned by these I I wonmn
ITs'e floor is covered with refuse :ind
ilth. There are no means of clean
ng it, neither brooms not' huk "Its.
They have not taken off their clothes
'or wee's. In the center of the 'a!
sa little wood stove. and there src
heeres of word ant i oal on time tloor
si around ile sides of the cars run
-wx rows of planks on which the in
'sises sleep at night and sit hIutchecl
sp by day. If there ever is any of
icial food for the prisoners then(
'o'len get the first pick, and thti
ohysical condition is much better
'inse 11 of themi have a car whiel'
would accommodate 151 men packed
:ii as they are,
"Two mtiore days have now gonE
by. Since we arrived si cooking cat
has been put on the train. with r
large iron kettle. and yesterday the
guards claim to have civen thel pri
mers a little soup. One kettle for
1,325 people, and soup passec
through a window a foot by a foon
old at half. by means of an old ruiisty
ean! * * * Yesterday one o'
the women was taken out of one o'
the cars by a Russian officer. He wit
return her when the train pulls out
* * * In this car is also al
emaciated creature that was once a
elan. He was a journalist. His wift
is in the same car. She has a very
few days to live. When the men
stand they fill the entire car. On
the two rows of planks built along
the sides, the dead and living sleep
as best they may. We were told by
the guards this morning at 8:31 that
three mete had died during the night
and the bodies had been removed.
As we walked past the train a man
hailed us from one of the cars, and
the guards were told that there were
dead inside. We Insisted on the door
being opened and this is what we
"Lying right across the threshold
was the body of a boy not over 18 or
19 years old. No coat, merely a thin
shirt, in such tatters that his whole
chest and arms were exposed, for
trousers a piece of jute bag pinned
around him, and no shoes or stock
ings. What agony that boy must
have suffered in the Siberian cold be
fore he died of filth, starvation and
exposure! And yet 'diplomacy' pre
vents us from taking charge and giv
ing aid. But we are holding the
"We climbed into the car and
found two other dead lying on the
second tier of hunks amongst the liv
ing. Nearly every man in that car
was sunken-eyed, gaunt, and half
clad. They were racked by terrible
coughing. They had the stamp of
death on them. if aid does not come
quickly they will die. We looked
into a few cars only, but at one wins
(low, we saw a little girl perhaps 11
years old. Her father, she said, had
been mobilized into the red guard.
So now father, mother and child are
on that train and will die there. * *
"It is the 22nd of November. This
morning we got up at 7 o'clock and
left for the hospital where we had an
appointment with Dr. Selesnieff, the
military chief. When we arrived wte
found everything in a terrible condi
lion -more than 400 patients with
only three doctors and three nurses.
Two patients had died during the
night, and the doctors had discovered
nearly all the living to be suffering
from diseases of different kinds, in
cluding two cases of typhus. We
have since learned that a week or so
ago two men were put off the trait
suffering from the same terrible
scourge. * ^:
"I)r. Selesnieff gave its his offii'al
report of the conditions, setting forth
in corroboration of the stories that
have been told to me, that during
the weeks that the train had heet
moving to and fro, passengers had
died daily from a variety of causes,
including typhus. dysentery, influ
enza and ordinary starvation.
'The people on the train have re
mained for weeks without wartn
food, without boiled water, and many
even without bread. * * * Ac
cording to the testimony of oflicers
in charge of the train, the command
ant of the state reports that he had
orders to send the train back to tli t
west, but I am sure that among thC
passengers there are still a number
of people so sick and exhausted that
further sojourn in these cars will
'We are stlil holding the train by
means of co-operation of the Czech
lieutenant, and in case of need he
agrees he will put the engine out of
order. Last night the station master
showed us telegraphic instructions it
tlie' effect that the train positively
must pull out at 1 i. ti., but it is
still here. * * * 1)r. tlanget
arrived last night, advising us that
General Graves had had a long con
ference with the Japantese and Rgi,
stan commanders, both of whisto had
assuredi tint they would do all in
dhris' power to co-operate, but this
seems to mean very little.
"We are still holding the train and
have made arrangements with a Itu$
sian tathii some three-quarters of it
stile from here to wash all the pris
oners tomorrow for 450 roubles.
They will start at 6 o'clock in the
morning and walk to the bath.
"November 22. It is bitterly cob'.
There was a heavy snow storm last
night. * *
"The baths are all ready and we
are waiting for the first contingeti.
In the distance, against the snow, we
(ail seei a body of men advancing
very, very slowly and with great dit
ticulty. Maany stumble as they walk
and have to be supported by the
o1ter prisoners. s, *
"The first 011 have gone in and
now there is a fire burning in the
yard where the disgusting clothes
are burning. inside, the unfortu
nOtes have each been given a piece
of sosp and are scrubbing themselvets
while the guards carry out t he
clothes and put themt on the fire. The
wagon has arrived wit hi SO swelaers,
451 pairs of socks. and 120 pajamas.
'Tomiorrow when this train pulls
out it will have 925 Red Crosres on
it, but I mlst still call it the 'train pf
death.' There is no use disguising
the fact that these people are neat
ly all going to die, for as soon as the
train shall have pulled out the old
conditions will return and there will
be once more the corpses thrown
out (lay by day from each car.
'November 23.--Today we leave
Vladivostok. We have done all that
we could do. We have just learned
that there are 30 additional cases of
typhus in the hospital and heaven
knob's how many on the train. i We
have bought buckets and brooms for
the cars, which will help a little.
"Later I cause down from Nikolpk
in a box car with three American sot
'iers. It was bitterly cold. HWe
tad no stove, but by alternately
'rouching together and then at times
wrestling and mauling each othissr
trountd we managed to keels fairly
warts. We finally reached Vladivo
stok at about 9:45. T ait hopilug
that I may be allowed to go out in
Siberia with Dr. Rosett and hunt for
utiter death trains. We may not
save accomplished tisch, but we at
'east saved a couple of hundred lives
--for a timtie. * * 5"
If any doubting readers still lies
late to believe that such atrocities
'lave been committed by the rea'
ionary forces to which the United
States government has been tending
ts aid in Siberia. we refer them to
the offleial organ of the Red Cross,
he Red Cross magazine for Apt ii. in
vhicsh appears the full account from
vhich we have quoted the excerpts
irinted above. There the whole
tory is told, witt phnotogranh; and
'et not the whole story. for it is
fated its an editorial nole that "pro
(Continued on Page Three.)