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h4 dutte Gaiits BhiiUti
Issued Every Evening, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLTSHING CO.
Entered as Second-Class Matter, December 18 1917, at.the Postoffiee at Butte, Montana
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o ~ TUESDAY, MAY 20, 1919.
Woodrow Wilson said: "If
there is one thing we love more
than another in the United States,
it is that every man should have
the privilege, unmolested and un
criticized, to utter the real con
victions of his mind."
For having voiced "real con
victions" Eugene V. Debs and
thousands of.others are dying by
inches in state and federal
ANOTHER BUBBLE "BUSTED."
.tudlging 'from Mayor Stoldleniis annoiuce(enetllt of the ap
pointmenlt of (l(licers G(erry nId Vain O'rden as the Itwo plain
clothes melt who will act as assistants to Chief of Delectives
Edward Morrissey, it w\\ou,1 seem that the selectionls were -
imade by the mayor on the recommendation of' Mr. Morrissey,
rather than f'rom the result of any ilivestigation as to fitness n
that might havdebeen lale by his honor. Undoubtedly the c
1 elel.tion of any other two memibers of hie fornmer plainclothes n
tforce could not have suited Mr. Morrissey more and withal,
hadl the whole pol]ice deparlnient beeln fine-conmhed in an ef
fort to finiid the least lit I'or the ,job, then the selectionls of Berry
and Vani Orden would have been made.
In response to suggestions made by the Hiulletii, Mayor
Stodden last week announced the retirement of"'the plainclothes
force and the redu(ction of its members to the status ,of corn
mon uniiormedl patrohlmei. The city sat uI) aind took notice.
S"tlere," said the citizens, "is a mnayor who means to cleanll ul4
the.gral't and incompil)etence inl the lpolice lelpartment."
But the good impression created when Mr. Slotdden placedtl
his "dicks" into "'hariness" ihas Ibeen dissipated by his action in
nlamiig Gerry and a\'n (Orden.
tndoubtledly Mayn' Stoldenl neglected to inquir'e of Chiet'
Murphy as to the tittess .5t, the two bet(for'e nam(iniig tihem ins
plainclothes men. oc r ift he did. the the chief failed to ilnform '
his honor as to the records of his selections. Hlowever, the'
autlhorily of the nma.l' arid his albility l re'voke the alppoint-i -
meints still exists and iii the holpe thii his honor may feel
called pllnlli, for' the sake of' law and order and decency and 1
honesty in the city adminilistratlioi, to reconlsider his dplain
clothes selectlions, we hand him the following suggestions:
Mr. Mayor, inq(lire of Ch(ief of' Police Murphy as to his rea
sons tfor dischlarging ()filcers lCerry and Vain Orden fromn the
Ilainclothes force last winter andtl ordering Iithen into unil'orm.
Ask the chief hall he knows of the tranlsac'ions in which 01'
ciers (ferr''y and Valln lOrdeni and i smu soiiewhere inl the ineigh
l.ch'lhoodl of $1.i400 were conliceri'ned anld whlich directly led to
the actlion of the chief' in removinig those two worthies from I
his plainiiclothes force uiild iputtiig themni into uit'ifornis.
Aid your honor, we ireslpecltfully call ityour attentioin tI the
li(c that. when the all tions Iof police oficer's beco('ml e ntoo I'niw
'Cvell for' hief' Mi piih'liy 1 4to collte ( II t lcei theli those ail 1ionls arl'e
certainly worthy of notice.
Then, Mr. Mayor1, it you are ofr the otlpinion that tIhe $1,400
deal is the onilly ione ill which Messrs. Gelrry and Vill Orden
wer'e concerned, oltu miaght piiursiue your investigatioinis a little
furtl'her, even back to the Lano ildillist ntio wlien a no11) t '
iolls pool on the i'races w\\as being conducted in what1. was for
mleily the \ ildsor Sal 4lloon--aicrolss the streel r t i'r the city hall.
You might inquiri'e if' Officer Van Orden was not statjioned
there to prevent htookm aklilkiig in you l lighilll endeavor to deter
limiline if pools were niot imade and monley lpassed in sighlit of that
]pri'ecio)us guardian of law and orlder, 4only to hav'e him repor't
to his suiiperiors thlat lie had seeni no betting done.
it'f your f'indiigs of fact in these instances are ilsuilliielit for
your judiciilal mind Ii warrant your dismissal of GTerry 4and Van
IOlrden fromi the plainclothes force, at leaist, you imight call
tiouisl"y' quire of Iellers f the' l police delrtmientl generalll
as 1to their frank opiniions of the ilabililies of either (ierryi or'
As i matter of i' tl. Mri. Mr Mayor, there llare 1 If'evw nienl w'hoI
were mneinbers of your recently disbanded plaihnclothes lor'ce
who co'nbilled honesty wtii otdlily; there are a few ,lwho
have ability without being overburdeled with honliestyl, iit yourii'
plainclothles selections of today iar'e ill eitlher of th111e tw\\l c t
A CRISIS IN EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS.
Iluring the past I1( or 15 years so n111aiy of the miost capable
teachers have been leaiving' the schools, thalt the situatioin ihas
grown to the extent of a national c'nlamniit. Last fall tlhe
United States was shorlt ore thaill ,50,000 teiacheI's at the
opening of the school year. There were also miore thani 125.
000 teachers who were conlsidered as "'iinfit," working i ourii
schools. State teachers' colleges and teacheliis' igencies
were.completely deluged with requests for teachers.
Teaching is ia kind o(f blinid alley job. Otiher vocaltions offer't
it better social status, better wages, and n much better piermna
neint career. Capable imeiini and women cannot affiord to waste
Iheir time in a college education and special training for' leach
ing. This fact is -brought home with great force to those
who attempt it and find themselves at the beck and call of su
perintendenlts, as w'ell as school boards, complosed largely of
professional men who know iiotlhing whatever of the iiner
workinlgs of our schools.
A .arge number l'o men teachers are in the busi'ness for ine
other reason than to get an opportunity to study law or stud2
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livipgston.
MACHINISTS' UNION--Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte. Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION--Livingston, Deer Lodge, flutte, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION (Independent)- -Butte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION--Butte.
BRIDGE' AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION. NO. 25-Butte.
PLUM'BERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Helena.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
-Tacoma, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITIIS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL--Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
nedicine, andl make a kind of living on the side-worry along, B;
:s it were. These conditions are operating to the great detri- w
nulnt of the public school system of the United States. Such po
udlitiols have progressed entirely too far, and the parents of is
hllildrel are reslonsible for the change which must be made
i our school system is to be saved from utter collapse. ti
Hlow canti ian eqlalization of the distribution of teaching lal- s
,itt be made? G(ood teachers will endeavor to find the best I
market for their knowledge, just as sure as the tide ebbs and I'
lows. The teaching profession is no longer satisfied with
rlhasing phantoms and rainbows, consisting of rewards which c(
re to be received in kingdom come. No, right here and now w
Iihyc are justly deman ding a salary which will permit theml to
tive ill a imanner equal ti to eir sisters wvho are engaged in a
lilflerent line of endeavor-which is only fair and just. and
lius keep upI their social status. Women will always de- i
unatd this. o
tGood schoolt s can onlty be developed by good teachers. It
is iltter \\aslt and foolishness to erect fine buildings inl Butte N
,i elsewhere, uniless the school rooms are ill charge of cap- be
uable men iiad w\\o,.en. The remedy is plain and the music ,
inst lbe faced-- a suibstantial increase of salary for the rank
atid file ol' the Iultte tei(chers muist ctome ais well as those w bho'
ire scatllered lthroughi.itllt Montana, or our public schools will ti
irumible and flade. st
WHARTON, THE JUGGLER.
Now conies the informalion that the Butte Electric Railway t
company, toil May 5, applied to thile puiblic service commission u
fo'r a fui rther inlcrease inl slreet car fores. Of course, the f'ac
of thlie comilpany's applicantion has been kept a deep, dark secret, o
Manager \\t'lirlon pell'eferring to receive the order to increase a
his inltes fro, m Ileleni betifore startling ani already overcharged t
traveling piatbli withi anouincemenieit of the increase. Crafty t
As uisiiul, the auppliiatiiio I to e public service commission i
coitains Mantager Whtiarolt's wail that Senator Clark is losing t
tioney---a halt' cent, we believe it is--every time a person pays P
six ceints for ia car ride. Andl the manager is competelnt to s
pIroiduce the comilpaiy's ,books and sIihow, that the loss is just t
T1 ani onlooker, it would seem Ihatl if' Manager Wharton
woulc dislcontinte charging upl the cost of electric lpower for L
the Timber Butte mill to the operating expenses of tile rail
way coimpiany, and woiuld pay Ihinsell' a salary commensiurate
with the actlal work ice performs as operating manager of the
conllmany, instead of his tiresent holl)orarium of' $1,00)0 pel
nmontlh, the company's books wouldi not sihow\ a loss.
l\\wever, we areti led to bleliieve thait, in line with the prob
ability that Senatore Clark looks on his Timniber Butte mill as one
of' his "gifts" lto the city, the people should, at least, pay for
pat ,of the cost of its operation, just as they pay for the entire
icst ol' Itoperating that othier clossal "gift"--Columbia gar
dells: ad furl tiher, thatn Manager \Vi tartou's mrnificent salary is
not paid him for his abilities as On ,operating mainager, but for
his abilities to juggle the comJillpay's hooks so as to dodge pay
menit l' inicoime tax.
Verily, we have sIuch it hiigh opinititt of' Mr. \Vharton's abil
ilis als i juggler o'f igures thalt \twe are coiviiiced that no mat
toi how miuch tIhe railway fare charged, lie can still show a loss
itt' ai quarler, ii hall' or two-third ofi ' a cent. on eachl passenger
line of the results of thlie 'prelit nationi-wide campaign to
expel thlie. progressive and therefore Itie most intelligent of
college lprol'essors, is Ithat it ilmakes il lot of good men available
iifor service in moveeiints of llhe coiumon people. It is as true
lodaty s it was 2,000 years ag tlhat vicious p)ersecutioni is like
r ly to add to a man's power.
IHurley of tihe shippinglii boiliid declares that '"The American
Swolrkliian will protect this coiittrliyi against the infection of bol
hlievismi." Qite rigli for nice. Whatever protection our
Scountryl receivies must comiie I''fom the toilers in field aitnd fac
S iThe Kansas City (Kiuits.) nitiicipal electric plant made a
tprofiit oif $160,000 last year while charging the consumellr onily
:;ix ceints a kilow vatt hour or less.
Is it a democtratic gv)\ernmenl w\\here men and women are
0 thrown ill jail fotr expressing their honlest opinion about the
El Conflicting Thoughts
0 U9/ MA,
y s.HOE , .
S(' STOCKIN. I
ARE .OAKIN o
WET. SN OULD
Z= rTAKE EM
\ \ \ , /
Political and Industrial Con
ditions in Europe and U. S.
(George P. West, the author of the following article, re
cently retired from the position of special assistant to Mr.
Basil Manly, one of two joint chairmen of the United States
war labor board. Prior to that he was editor of the Public.
one of the national magazines of liberal opinion, Mr. West
is perhaps best known for his connection with the iduistrial
relations commission, of which Frank P. Walsh was chairman,
the federal body which conducted a country-wide investiga
tion several years ago, revealinig a remarkable story of the con
spiracy of capital against the workers in this country, and
placing before the nation facts regarding the industrial situa
tion which form a basis for all campaigns for a better indus
Irial order. Mr. West was one of the chief investigators and
joint author of the commission's report. Mr. West has re
cently been engaged to write for the Bulletin, in connection
with the Fargo Courier-News, a series of letters on national,
industrial, political and social events of great significance.
New York, May 20.-For the first sB
time since the talk of bolshevism it
arose, intelligent and liberal-minded b
observers in touch with the radical p
movement are beginning to take it p
seriously. The May day riots iin ri
New York and Cleveland and the b
bomb outrage have produced a pro- n
found shock and a sense of fore- c
The situation existing today can a
be viewed complacently only by h
those who are committed to the r
theory of the class struggle-a b
struggle inevitably growing more a
tense and bitter until it culminates d
in revolution. e
As further details come to light, g
the atrocious character of the at
tacks on laborites and socialists by a
uniformed soldiers and sailors in r
New York becomes more obvious, v
and the bitterness of the hundreds t
of thousands of garment workers t
and factory hands who inhabit the r
east side and the Brownsville dis- I
trict of Brooklyn becomes more in- a
In Pennsylvania half *a million e
iron and steel workers are seething t
with discontent and strikes are
threatened at half a dozen centers of f
the industry as a result of the sup- I
pressive policy of the steel com
panies-the use of spies and the
summary discharge of men who dare I
to attend union meetings or even
permit themselves to be seen talk
ing to organizers.
The textile industry of New Eng- t
land, New Jersey and New York is
a ferment. At Lawrence asked men i
seized strike leaders representing t
the Amalgamated Clothing workers
at .their, hotel at night, beat them 1
up and deported them in automo
biles. The police department has
hired crews of discharged soldiers
and armed them with machine guns.
Nowhere is the bitterness of the
workers expressed in acts of vio
lence or in anything like open re
volt. It is true that a handful of
individuals has indulged secretly in
an act of terrorism that betokens
diseased minds and that is repudi
ated by all but an infinitesimal
minority even of the most bitter.
Yet, the fact remains that nowhere
is it the workers who are inciting
to violence. They are not even re
sponding to the incitements of
others. It is not the attitude of la
bor that today breeds fear for a fu
ture of orderly progress. It is
rather the activity of numerous
groups of wealthy and powerful men
and women-capitalists, employers,
politicians, busy-bodies, society
women-who, with inconceivable
ignorance and stupidity and malice
are overlooking no opportunity to
f' exploit the ignorant prejudices of
the thoughtless for the purpose of
persecuting and suppressing every
organized group that dares to chal
lenge the established order.
If the mob violence in New York
recently had been the spontaneous
action of soldiers and sailors, acting
on their own judgment and` initia
l tive, the outlook would. be more
- serious than it is. But there is con
clusive evidence that they acted at
' the instigation of individuals who
- made it their business to spread
false reports of the character of the
meetings and the publication at
tacked. and who deliberately
i drummed up the mob by means of
telephone calls and incendiAry
Y speeches. There is also evidence
that these individuals are being
financed by interests well supplied
with funds. Arthur Guy Empey, for
' instance, has been able to. promote
e his new soldier's magazine, "Treat
'Erm Rough"---on a most generous
. basis. When a reporter asked the
soldiers and sailors who were beat- c,
ing up socialists and The Call ti
building why they acted so, they re- ca
plied: "We are Arthur Guy Em- ii
pay's men, and we are treating 'em e
rough." More than half the mem- a
hers of these mobs were sailors- a
men who had never been out of the n
country, for the most part, and h
whose pugnacity had had no chance a
at the Germans. At that it was n
hot merely boyish exuberance. The f
ring-leaders proved themselves
brutes and bullies of the lowest c
order-going to extremes that no ii
decent and manly youngster, how- t,
ever thoughtless, would have been c
But neither Empey and his mobs i
nor the men and women who fi- a
nance and incite them would get p
very far if it were not for the atti- t
tude of the newspapers and poll- e
ticians. Newspaper comment on.the n
riots was.either approving or mild- n
ly reproving, with the plain insinu- t
ation that the boys could not be t
blamed. Neither the mayor, gov- r
ernor nor army and navy authorities t
took any prompt or drastic action. f
These incitements to bitter class I
feeling come at 'a tnie when the e
working people are staggering along t
under food prices and' rents that t
spell under-nourishment and ill r
health for themselves and their chil- 1
dren, and when hundreds of families c
are being evicted every day because f
they cannot pay the rent increases 1
that are demanded.
Instead of vigorously attacking t
the economic problems that lie at
the root of unrest, politicians are
doubling the force of secret service I
men and staging a public investiga
tion of "bolshevism" so ignorantly
conceived that not even the moder
ate trades unionists feels himself
safe from suspicion and surveillance. 1
The instigator of the investigating
committee is Senator Walters, re
publican senate leader, who boasted
of his part in killing a mild legis
lative program of reforms in the
interests of industrial workers.
Time was when even the most
unpopular and heretical group of
dissenters could get a hearing at
Washington in cases of actual in
justice and persecution. Today the
large number of liberals who serve
in administrative posts in Washing
ton or who formerly enjoyed the
confidence of officials there' feel a
growing impotence and futility.
More, they feel a. growing humili
ation. It is becoming increasingly
harder for men and women of demo
cratic conviction to preach moder
ation and understanding and gradual,
orderly progress. A short three
years ago the Wilson democracy
numbered among its active adher
ents and workers a very large propor
tion of the most active and efficient
champions of democratic causes in
the country. It einjoyed the confi
dence and good will of the great
mass of wage earners; The victbry
of the democratic ticket at the polls
in 1916 was directly due to this sup
port. There was every prospect then
that Wilson's .party would become
our great liberal party-the agency
*by which we should make rapid and
substantial progress toward eco
Today it is merely a statement of
fact, a piece Qf accurate reporting,
to say that nine-tenths of Mr. Wil
son's liberal supporters of 1916 are
disillusioned, demoralized as an or
ganized group, and hopeless as to
the future so far as Mr. Wilson and
his party are concerned. Today
they are groping, somewhat blindly
and ineffectually, for new leaders
and new organizations. Many of
the more emotional and forthright
of them have joined hands with the
socialists, definitely abandoning po
litical opportunism and committing
themselves to the proposition that a
bitter class warfare is unavoidable.
Others cannot yet admit that the
American demnocracy is powerless to
overcome the obstacles that lie in
the way of understanding and meet
ing our problems. They cannot ad
mit that this after-all-pioneer com
munity, with its love of fair play and
its quick resentment of injustice and
suffering and oppression, must lag
behind England and turn off in this
twentieth century into the path that
Russia abandoned two years ago.
They have believed all along that
the truth would make us free, and
have labored for the spreading of
the facts and so for a free press,
recognizing the control of the press
by the most stupid elements of the
business community as our greatest
danger, our greatest denial of demo
cracy, the most potent factor in
paralyzing free and intelligent po
litical and economic action.
Yet today it is obvious that unless
the democratic forces of the country
can very promptly pull themselves
together and erect an organization
capable of asserting itself decisively
in the handling of our social and
economic problems, we shall havq In
a, very few years, if we have not
already, so bitter a cleavage that
moderate and liberal leadership will
have become despised and rejectedt
and helpless while the extremes
make of the country their battle
President Wilson's return to this
country is being awaited with intense
interest both by those who still cling
to his leadership and give him their
confidence and by those who feel
that nothing is to be hoped from
him. There is a prevailing opinion,
amounting to conviction, that the
president will devote most of the
time that can be spared from f"or
eigp affairs to the country's qco
notmic and industrial problems. He
must realize even more fully than
those at home the critical nature of
these problems and the necessity of
meeting them by statesman-like ac
tion. He has seen i Lloyd George
faced with an indust'rial crisis in
England, and has watched while 400
emiployers and 400 labor represen
tatives met at London and agreed
to propositions that would have been
regarded as Utopian two years ago.
They include legislative enactment
of a nation-wide working week of
forty-eight hours for all employes;
legislative enactment of a nation
wide minimum wage; full recogni
tion of the trades unions and the
t employers' organizations as the basis
for negotiations between capital and
labor; prevention of unemployment
and the maintenance of unemployed
~ workers; creation of a permanent
- national industrial council of repre
f sentatives of employers and' em
ployes, to consider and advise the
I government on national industrial
questions. In addition, a separate
I government commission has recom
mended nationalization of the coal
8 mines, and the prospect of carrying
out these recommendations in the
t near future is good.
f It is taken almost for granted in
t informed circles that the president
will call a similar industrial confer
e ence soon after his return, and that
e as an outgrowth of this conference
trades unionism will be established
e more firmly than ever before, with
a elaborate machinery such as indus
' trial councils for each itldustry for
settling industrial disputes and deal
y ing with demands for shorter hours
and better pay.
1, (To be continued.)
- I FAMOUS wOBMx I
n Mary Wortley Montague.
- Mary Wortley Montague made the
first experiment of innoculattol .for
's mallpox upon her own sodt in .dl
grade, which at the time, about 200
n years ago, was within Turkish th.'ri
n tory. It was tried in England with
e complete success upon crimitals
y about nine years later. The disease
first made its appearance in Mpcek,
3- where it is said to have destroyed the
Ethiopian armies and thus termi>iat
S* d; in 860, :what' is known as the
g, "War of the Elephant." Mary Wort
1- ley Montague had been a student of
re medicine and had gone to' the Orient
r- to liurse and study more closely the
to dread disease. The supreme test of
id her faith in innoculation came when
ty she subjected list own son to the
ly treatment. This was in 1718.
of Bulletin Boosters *hould patronite
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