Newspaper Page Text
LOCAL, STATE, NATIONALAGE OFNE
A__I THE BULLETIN'S DOUBLE PAGE OF NE
The Handwriting Upon the
Wall in the Mooney Case
It is to the men and women of
feeling we wish to speak;-to you
of the toiling millions who have ex
perienced the joy of creative work
only to see the product of your brain
ald brawn dragged in the mire of
profiteering commnercialismn. For
only those whose pulse has throbbed
with rebellious indignation against
the autocratic powers exercised by
industrial overlords can fully apple
ciate the momentous issues facing
Organized labor must reach out
for nmore than a mere increase in
wages: as long as the cost of living
increases faster than the wage rate,
labor's struggles to keep even fur
nish its mlasters as mtuch amusement
:s does a dog trying to catch its own
thil. It is a case of labor trying to
lift itself by the bootstraps.
Labct must reach for equity
amonlg men. The time has come for
the workingmnall to call short, shatrp
"halt" against the aggressioll uplon
his liberties or stand pilloried inl his
tory as a weak, aimless wandering
The robber barons of lmedieval
times levying tribute by thlie sword
were pikers compared with lhe in
dustrial barons of today. In 1917 J.
Ogden Armour,. tIhe Chicago packer.
made ain excess profit of $21,oS.in.0O.
during the same year 22,000 of his
enmployes made altogether $1S,000.
000, or an average of about $81s
each. Not alone was the livelihood
of his employes and their families
subjected to the whim of Mr. Armour
but with his associates in the pack
ing industry lie could arbitrarily tax
every household in tile coullntry
through ani increase of prices.
This is a fortm of autocitracy against
which the progressive militanit iman
of labor imuist fight, for its aggres
sion falls imost harlslll y on tlie poor.
As in timltes past the kinlgs and n11to
bles made it a crime to advocate po-'
litical democracy, so the industrial
autocrats of today maniipulate the
To 15,000 Members
OF ORGANIZED LABOR IN
BUTTE AND VICINITY
ADVERTISE YOUR WANTS EITHER TO BUY OR SELL. MAKE A
THOROUGH SEARCH FROM CELLAR TO GARRET AND SEE IF YOU
HAVEN'T MANY ARTICLES OF VALUE IN YOUR HOME THAT ARE
OF NO PARTICULAR USE TO YOU, BUT COULD BE SOLD TO SOME
ONE THAT IS LOOKING FOR JUST THAT VER' ARTICLE, THAT
VERY ARTICLE THAT YOU DON'T WANT.
Read the following list. It might be the means of suggesting
some article that you want and haven't got, or have and don't
want. Learn to reduce the high cost of living by using the want
columns of your paper.
Fireless Cooker Bureau Electric Heaters Vacuum Cleaners
Chairs Dresser Electric Toasters Poultry
Lounge Buffet Electric Irons Go-Carts
Couch Books Percolators Baby Buggies
Chiffonier Encyclopedias Clothes Wringers Automobiles
Sideboard Pianos Gas Stoves Carpet Sweepers
Piano Stools Gas Plates Clocks
Library Table Rugs, Carpets Kodak Lenses
Beds Piano Players
Cash Registers Lawn Mowers
Rocking Chairs Clothes Racks
Phonographs WashingMachine China Closets
Carving Sets Carpenters' Tools Safes
Fountain Pens Kodaks
Field Glasses Trunks Bath Tubs Kitchen Cabinets
Suit Cases Sinks Oil Stoves
Sewing Machines Dining Tables Dishes
Rolltop Desks Pictures Stoves, Ranges Velocipedes
laws of the land to imprison those
who oppose their sway.
In the long play of ages a huaman
being sometimes becomes an event.
Moses, the foundling; Spartacus, the
slave gladiator; Joan of Are, the
peasant girl; John Brown, the Kan
sas farlller, left a greater impress
upon the world than all the crowned
ruffians that ever lived. The upward
struggle of the mass of miien always
had their roots inl the mass itself
Not one of the labor clauses adopted
by tile peace conference, but that
labor adopted them 50 years ago.
The history that is being made to
day, with meni springing froml no
where into the center of the world's
stage, and tile study of the great lib
erative miovemeniits of the past boal
out the pIrophelic warnilg of Jo111
Boyle O'ieilly. Irish patriot, British.
convict and poet of the *orld:
"'Take heed of your civilization, ye.
on youlr pyramlids built of qulliv
There are stages like Paris in '93,
wherle the coimnnioest lmen play
11most terrible pIarts.
ilYour statutes may cirush, but they
canillnot kill thile patient senise of
a natural right;
It may slowly lmove, but the People'.
will like the ocean o'er Iloi
land, is always in sight."
''ToI Moonimey has becoine an event.
Neithler his contemplated hanging
nollr his imllprisonmlent for life, aye
not even his liberation can now bio,
his name from history's pages. Like
the name of Dred Scott. the hunlble
llegro of slavery days. so the name
of Mlooney will relmain as that of
a man arounlld whoml the nlasters of
todlay wrote a c'hapter of shame that
Ilmay Iprove their own ndilloing.
A silmple act of justice may stave
off the colnsequlelnces of this ilion
strolls judicial crimle. But the big
corlporate interests wholl control our
judicial machinery belong like the
Bourbons to the class that never
learns. They wantonly ignore ,.e
historical fact that no government
ever survived after the nmas of the
people lost faith in its judiciary.
"After them--the flood," and the
flood is coming.
Within the labor movement of the
world tremendous changes are tak
ing place. In :'merica the Mooney
case has served to withdraw the veil,
unmasking the hideous beast, parad
ing as the Goddess of Justice. Like
an X-ray it has penetrated into the
underground laboratory where "jus
tice" is concocted alnd social opiLtes
for the stupefaction of the public
Having in mind that awakening
masses of men to a greater vision of
liberty and a more determined will to
attain it is a greater victory than any
military triumlph, the unions which
compose and have supported the In
ternational Wnorkers' Defense league
have, been forced by circumstances to
break through illmuch red tape in or
der to get the Mooney case and its
lessons squarely before the rank and
'ile of labor.
To get an expression of opinion by
the rank and file as to the best meth
od of rectifying a great wrong the
Mooney labor congress was called in
Chicago last January. That congress
decided upon a general strike as a
Generally speaking labor execu
tives are opposed to that idea.
We submit however that all labor
executives had been invited to that
convention and had the opportunity
to be in Chicago with their counsel
and advice. With a few honorable
excepltions, they remained inactive.
HIolpelessly buried beneath a mass
of precedents, antiquated constitu
tions and by-laws they were unable
to Inove in a new situation. In three
years not a single constructive idea
as to how to rehabilitate our judi
mial system in the eyes of the world
came from on high. Among the na
tional executives of labor no one had
lhe courage to follow the examnlle of
President Wilson of acting upon in
dlividual initiative regardless of pre
cedent and tradition.
And here lies the test of men and
systems. Canll they lleet new issues
ts they present themselves?
Every step forward in the centu
ries of the slow and toiling progres.
of the masses has been accomplished
by cutting the barbwire entangle
ments of obsolete law and static cus
fom. The laws of labor organiza
tions, as Interpreted by those who
have ceased to be individuals of fles;
and blood and have corie to look up
on themselves as institutions of pon
derous responsibility,. are as rigid as
those of gdvernments themselves.
These men forget that almost with
out exception the workers have ever
lastingly been compelled by the very
force and tide of progress itself to
wreck the structures of their own
creation and sunder the chains with
which they had allowed themselves
to be bound.
Every labor executive knows the
powers of the strike. If he is at all
informed he knows that the defense
forces have tried and exhausted all
Why the conspicuous inactivity of
executives? Are they for a square
deal for Tom Mooney or do they con
lone Fickert and the corporated in
terests behind himn? Why be afraid
of an innovation? The fact that the
strike weapon has not been used' for
this purpose in the United States
does in no .way mitigate its effect.
Iad labor used the general strike
in the Danbury Hatters case instead
of allowing workmen to be judicially
robbed of their homes, labor would
have saved itself from having labor
laws declared unconstitutional and
from the tyranny of injunctions. Too
nany-far too many-labor execu
tives are merely good fellows. If
they would stop playing poker and
)olitics, and study world events from
nore truthful sources than catch
penny headlines they would see that
mastership in the old sense is passing
Bolshevism is challenging the rul
ing class in society. Mere denuncia
tion will not stop it. It comes
squarely before the world with a
2onstitution which says:
The land to the peasants not to
the land barons and speculators!
The workshow to the workers,
whether of brain or brawn!
These questions of labor the world
over must be answered.
The apostles of the nightstick and
he machine gun raise the hateful cry
)f "bolshevik" at every niuifesta
tion of independent thought and at
every proposal for the attainment of
•ocial justice, relying on their "safe
ly" for suppression of opinion and
There is no reason why even 4
Bolshevist program could not be
adopted orderly and peacefully, only
of course, that the ruling classes
never yet in the history of the world
ourrendered an iota of their privi
leges without a fight.
It will readily be granted that the
igricultural laborer and the tenant
rarmer would like to till their own
soil, and that the worker in mine,
mill or transportation would like to
:olutrol these industries. If he is
willing to risk his life to get it is
If course aniother question.
Compared by the bolshevist pro
-:raLn of the Paris peace conference
is pitifully inadequate and antiqua
led. In well organized localities la
!or has got that much through its
iwn strength long ago. It is our
grand father's program.
There is a growing habit among
the nasses of ien to stop their toil
and consult each other; to take the
direction of affairs of mankind in
their own grasp, relying less on lead
ership and more on their own judg
ment and experience.
Every union man has taken upon
himself a solemn obligation to help
iis brother. In the Mooney case a
number of unions have combined to
:arry out that obligation.
Executives bound by the same obh
rigation instead of co-operating are
sitting on the lid trying to make the
man with tile pick, the hammer or
the trowel believe that anything he
might undertake is sure to fail un
less he has the sanction of some gen
tleman in a swivel chair a couple of
thousand miles awav.
Some few months ago we all unit
ed and urged our people to join a war
for democracy; we urged that they
sign up for the selective draft, that
they bear arms and the implements
of war, that they face death in the
battle for right, and this, bear in
mind, without our people having a
chance by voice or vote as to whether
they wished to put their life in the
balance. And now there are some
who will even deny labor the chance
to determine by its own vote a ces
sation from a few days' toll to defend
its own, to maintain probably the
;rqate,;t single principle of democra
y. the right to a fair trial.
No case in the history of jurispru
dence, not even the Dreyfus case in
France, has aroused such a univer
tal protest as the scandalous outrage
upon justice perpetrated in the
True to their traditions the corpo
'ate interests and their political
flunkies responsible for the mockery
)f just ice, tried to assume their usual
public-ble-damned policy. In this in-,
stance the public includes the trial
judge, Franklin A. Griffin; Attor
iey General Webb of California, the
fedeiral investigation commission
:u'fded by Secretary of Labor'Wm.
Bt. Wilson, John B. Deusmore, direc
tor general of United States employ
m.n. service, and President Wilson,
iI1 of whom have pointed out the
inltjstice done and pleaded for a
Stillsuch is the power of organ
izd wealth and the intricate maze
f tihe judicial system behind which
their hirelings operate that public of
'iiahls who still have some regard
o,r elementary justice find them
eclves unable to devise a method of
"igh.ting this wrong. Like labor ex
'cutives they remain hopeless and
'tlpless because their ancestors in
1'ffl 1( did not hand down some for
11au in a code-book that they could
The courts have had an opportu
nity to disprove the charge frequent
'v made that they have become in
truments of oppression, deciding
ulldamcntal issues according to their
,'own claas intereqts. They have uit
terly failed. That is a stubborn fact
It:at can not be obliterated by any
I grandiose talk about democracy or
by hissing "bolshevik,"-look out
for the bogey-man, etc.:
By way of clinching the suspicion
against them the court' have added
Debs to their, list of victims.
We venture to assert that the lov
able, character of 'Gene Debs will not
deteriorate in a prison cell among
convict associates to the extent of
the character of his judges basking
in the approval of the "prominent"
and "respectable" elements who re
joice as a news scribbler sneeringly
put in, that "Debs had got a govern
ment job at last--on a rock pile."
For 25 years a public figure in
American life, always lifting his voice
for the poor and down-trodden, a
man would be stupid indeed to be
lieve that Debs, of French descent
and a veteran fighter against autoc
racy, got 10 years fc,r aiding and
abetting the kaiser.
It was a crime at one time in the
United States to teach a negro to
read. Under the Kansas-Nebraska
act laws were enacted punishing with
death anyone aiding a slave to
escape. Abolition agitators were
lynched and imprisoned even as la
bor agitators in our day. Wihy all
this fear of the agitator? Why lynch
beat, deport and jail men for express
ing their opinions? The bloated aris
tocrat proclaims: "Let nothing be
changed." "The things which are
Nothing is sacred-man least of
all. Change is the breathing of uni
verse. Had nothing been changed
man were now a worm within the
slime, a brute within a bloody cave.
The czar wanted things as they
were, so did the kaiser. So does any
one living by the labor of others.
Their hatred for the agitator is a
confession that they are unable to
meet him in open argument.
We men of labor have come to a
stage where we can no longer re
main cool spectators and retain our
manhood. If men are to spend their
lives in prison for teaching that a
state of society in which a few con
trol the necessities of life is rank
slavery, then we of organized labor
must challenge organized wealth on
that issue! We want to make it per
fectly clear that we are not deceived
by fake methods of dispersing justice
as in the Mooney case nor sacred by
oppression camouflaged behind the
espionage law as in Debs' and many
Emperors, chancellors, landlords
and lawlords, yours will he a shori
lived dream! At your feet, beneath
the shadows of your capitals and
domes, out of the chaos of your few
facted much fictioned literature, with
its scant flavored truth; from before
your pulpits and seats of learning
there is arising a power more potent
than armies, that look you squarely
in the eye, a power that is crushing
your sophistries into mere chaff. The
institutions by which the shrewd and
the cunning manage to live without
labor are being mercilessly scrutin
ized and analyzed.
The greater portion of mankind is
engaged in mortal combat to assure
to the people who labor the right to
own and manage the earth and its
industries, its agriculture and trans
portation, and to make education,
art and literature the common herit
age of all the people instead of for
a few. The mantle of leadership in
these days cannot be worn by men
who dare not fight labor's battles in
the front trenches. The political clev
erness to gather votes by being all
things to all men-courtezan fash
ion---may elect men to office; but of
fice is not leadership. The poor
shriveled, withered little souls with
their whimpering fear of all innova
tion and initiative belong in a claass
with Kipling's "Tomlinson"-not
pure enough for heaven and too fool
ish for hell.
Trade union government by lead
ership is doomed. The hour has
struck for the rank and file to record
their own votes and opinions on the
Mooney general strike.
The general strike has proven its
terrible efficiency. It destroyed the
kaiser's military monster and it has
hurled into the dust of yesterday
every throne of power. The kings
and junkers within the labor move
ment are trying to push back the
tides of change, but the sea of prog
ress is slowly but inevitably drown
ing them with their idols of the past.
"It is the handwriting upon the
DEFENSE LEAGUE, E. D. Nolan,
ENFORCGE CHILD LABOR TAX
Washington, May 22.-Enforce
ment of the child labor tax provisions
of the revenue act will be continued
"vigorously" by the bureau of in
ternal revenue regardless of the de
cision of a North Carolina court hold
ing the child labor section of .the act
In making this announcement last
night Daniel C. Roper, commissioner
of internal revenue, pointed out that
the section's constitutionality "is a
question to be decided by the su
preme court of the United States."
In addition to 15 inspectors em
ployed by the revenue bureau to as
certain the ages of children employed
in businesses coming within thl scope
of the law, the bureau's entire force
of agents and deputy Cillectors, it
was. said, will be enlisted in carry
ing out the provisions of the section,
which became effective April 25.
Norfolk. Va., May 22.-Two thou
sand ien in tile nine trades in shops
doing contract and navy work are on
strike. demandilrg recognition of the
water fronl federation. A govern
ment conciliator on the ground who
is endeavoring to reach a settlement
between the employers of 19 shops
affneted and representatives of the
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MIRNE WORKERS OF AMERICA--Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket1 ,Rouudup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls; Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION.--Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKi.MITHS' UNION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS'. UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
110D CARRIERS' IINION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CA¶R MEN'S UNION-Butte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION (Independent)--Butte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION. NO. 25-Butte.
PLUMBERS' UNION--Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMIEN OF AMERICA, /LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION--Helena.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
-Tacoma, Seattle. Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHEIRIHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211---Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEORIVERS' LOCAL NO. 8q--Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
Metal Workers Are For
After a debate lasting half a day,
the Pacific Coast Metal Trades con
vention went on record in favor of
industrial unionism as against the
craft form of organization now fol
lowed by the Almerican Federation of
Labor. The vote stood 285 in favor
and 19 against. Thiriteen delegates
refrained from voting on the ques
The sentiment of those in favor.
as voiced by their spokesmen, was
that more solidarity was needed to
cope with the big and solidly organ
ized bodies of capital. This needed
ONE BIG UNION
Statement Issued by Secre
tary V. R. Midgley at Van
couver Reports Progress
in Four Provinces.
Progress of the referenidum on in
dustrial organization in the "One Big
Union" in the four western provinces
of Canada is reported in the follow
ing statement issued by Secretary V.
R. Midgley, of the organization:
"The returns of the referendum
on industrial organization so far re
ceived indicate that this proposal has
been carried throughout the four
western pi'ovinces by an overwhelm
"The vote of the membership
working in the vital industries from
Port Arthur, Ont., to Victoria, B. C.,
in favor of the "One Big. Union' has
surpassed our most.optimistic antic
ipations, despite the lack of funds
and the brief time at our disposal -to
carry on the propaganda, and in the
.face of bitter opposition from the
daily press and some officials of the
"The central executive committee,
in accordance with the ilistructions of
the, Calgary convention, has decided
to call the conference of representa
tives of trades and labor councils and
district boards to meet in the Labor
hall, Calgary, Alta., on Wednesday,
June 4, at 10 a. m., for the purpose
of drawing up the plans of the new
"Basis of representation ,will be
as follows: Affiliated membership
of 5.000 or -less, one delegate; over
5,000, two delegates; over 10.000.
three delegates.. Credentials should
be on the official note paper of your
organization signed by the, president
and secretary and addressed to V.
R. Midgley, Labor hall, Calgary,
"A large number of organizations
desire to become part of the new
movement at opee, and the executive
therefore decided that it-was imper
ative to call the conference at as
early a date as possible.' .
TEACHEHRS E IN LINE
Atlanta. Ga..:M. ay 22. - Several
hundred teachers in this city have
affiliated with the trade union move
solidarity could be accomplished by
uniting the workers in each industry
so that they might act in concert in
stead of being 'subject to the will of
numerous craft internationals.
The industrial form of organiza
tion would unite the Workers of the
metal industry under one head.
The, convention endorsed the six
hour day and the five-day week.
The principal business before the
body now is the new wage and work
ing agreement, which will probably.,
be completed within the next few
CLOTHIHG WORKERS WIN
BIG CHICAGO VICTORY
Following Struggle Lasting
Over N'ine Years Demands
For Union Terms and 44
Hour Week Granted.
Chicago, May 22.-Thirty thous
and clothing workers today celebra
ted one of the greatest victories of
the 'Amalgamated Clothing Workers
of Ametica when they met at four
mass meetings in Car Men's Union
auditorium to ratify an agreement
with the Chicago Clothiers' associa
tion. The agreement ends a nine
years' fight between the organized
clothing workers' and employers who
have been leaders in the war against
The agreement between the asso
ciation and the Amalgamated is sim
ilar to the pact between the union
and the' firm of Hart' Schaffner &
Marx Of Chicago. It provides for a
preferential union shop, 44-hour
week, time and a half for over time,
creates a trade board and arbitration
board and provides for arbitration of
wage raise demands if an agreement
is not reached by.4une 1.
Clothing workers in the associa
tion shops stopped work at 3:30
o'clock this afternoon to attend the
ratification meetings. The enthusi
astic approval of the agreement, as
read by President Sidney Hillman of
the Amalgamated, indicated the men
and women realized the importance
of the victory.
The meeting with the employers,
which resulted in the agreement, was
arranged by. Peter' Sissman of the law
firm of Slssman, Darrok & Bailey.
The first conference was held be
tween' President Hillman of the
Amalgamated and Stern, 'Ludwig
Stein and Kahn of B. Kuppenheimer
& Co. Another conference was held
at Sissman's office, at which an
agreenient was reached.
CAINS BY BOOKBINDEHS
Indianapolis, May 22.-Officers of
the Brotherhood of Bookbinders re
port a membership gain of 352 for
the month of April.
Providence, R. i., May 22.-Wo'r
en employed in local book binderies
Quebec; Canada. May 22,-A stri'ke
of organized bookbinders in this city
has resulted in wage incteases.