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Entered as Second-Class Matter, December 18, 19.17, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana
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2 ls TI:IUES:DAY, MAY 27, 14119.
( 'tali hn.li lifll(I(l I' Ill l 1 il (llirl'V
aani,Ig Ilie ldelegatnls to, the Pieasant
S o m eth in g ,,,,, ;res,,:. as to \iti Ile peasants
YouWill Not ( read a, write. Sieo.d, they
'alm ie( il'formllati((I about 111I(1(111
See in the inethils o,' orieiitire. 'nhirl,l
they wan1ted kixwledge aborl saui
Kept Press tatllill. rll(' N .1 isi'e.
IN WINNIPEG; IN BUTTE.
In ll thei ' l (w\\s x ,illllit s e\,iiaIaI t ingl f'o11 tlil he tlislhiets inl
Canada lltll arei( engaged ill tIh .('eneral strike il symllpathy
'.illt i the i Ital lradles w rker's. awhether those h ltletiis are
.rriedi ill the aplitalislic l"er s> ,r otherwise., two lliill poillls
st a llu l t lll ai .e ail xlahe lrs. Tiihey alre: Firs. lithe soilihlarily
of the w\i rkl ers, tllld seem. ' , thll4e ci(', slant repelili ,il of the
phrases "'le walkout was orderly and Ilniet," 1nd "'here haIs
beenno 11s 1lisorder."
How difi'f'real are ,hose bh lleti..s, especially with reference
t1 the jii eil aliest ands x liet which prevails ia it, e Ch evein
strikes \lwhei cont.sl ed with e)lllleils on strikes in Alleri('inll
e.ilies. especially in Mll e. (hi lhe lone hand \\'( are 1111d that
thuusalnds (1I' Will are awl strike, hIul withal, are orderly anld
4li1iet. in the lithlri hxld we are aVIl\ised th111 "\violence isi
rifet. 111 111or tha ic'kets slll14 inl14oe l 'lll4 \ lrI, rs, oi " 1 ll e lls.ll -
Mele us lite liefor ilstlance, xIxhe walkolt which i(telirred ill
the Dutle mines last winter. Assoiated Press dispatc.hes sent
,I ll trio i I otm l ihe e ol x ll e lii ltle Mini r and iltel I i teilli lxe Ill lh aiil
the . ile lxltry in papers .arrying that sil lervice, lllifn sly \were
padded with fake stIl f(I' boll[ . i i lelce IlrI I ii plished It r al
1h(411115 \\xilxs (·'111441 11144r1 II) Ill\'iiit thlle( tl'ill(''. thatdi.l (Iiit istil.
ellapted by strikers. Iwhel , las n mattter of aiiil, whllih elery
One in luttle knows. there w'as no disorder, except in rases
where hired gIfu 11(1e o ,tlhe A inat u t llitla per Miling lcon'
pa51y, 11t1h 1 the pii lie 'l fo e an nllli '', alttelpted t in.ile the
strikers i1( dislt uranes.
Ta'P re hsinite.c he Assied Press I P s(l story sent lill rtri'teln
ih( Millepr o'fie anl gi\enl l'ront page pro, lin1ence in Paler,
xhait bet r 111 thke night whel \\'illiae ,. 1 lllluel was 1 ,, lelY. .d te tr
( x' the liuililat hig t I'1ln ( 4 l in it ieralie e it. a llih lle fi'r ' llY haeor.
SMrel. thatl assenIlhige was orderly; btl Ihe Miner's As
socialed 'Press story sent ,,11 described how e.w.\vds 1f' "'wab
bly" sympathizers with 11(11111 were ",s .rched for I, \'(al..s and
disamur ed in Ithe council chamber:" hl.w artler the resullt oII Ille
count had heen an1nou.n(ed they roared their disapp,'vol with
threats i1 'ioleln e and then, said the Miller's dispullh,
"marched frlon1 the .olnn il c'hamber singing tIhe '". rsell ise'
auld "The Internal 4ti,111,'l.
Otf c'ur'se, n,1 such things happened, hul aln ua\narllished ae
c(1 lnt IIIr the iwroceeldingS at that ime(elilng (1hi( 1 l l\,have
ihe imagi1ation ,1(' smile "hop-hld" in the Miner editorial
roolns was alhled 1upon to fIrnish the thrills that did not exisl.
II Canada,. apparently, the ,or'poratins lnd the aulhr ie.iS
have n1t yet reached the stage oIf' unanimity where they selnl
els can he ac'used o y1iodle'e: lpparelntly the correspnhnd nls
witl( the nus 'k ,1(' hig business 1 ndll, ('ns(e(luenltly, the slrike
news ,chuma1atilg 1'10)1ll po(ilnls in the d i(nllilion still boers a
semblance to the true cvoldition1s.
vrnkers ii till craifts there tire (leterliiitetl Il sti.id beljind the
metal workers I'r recagnitio.n .i the iin amdl belter w\'rkiill!
iolditi iaiis. lichi thly we reid io lthe wVi ikers in sime a.iddi
lit iitl cily or llrvinice wiilking mtl liiiiiiintously in sympii iliy
with the \Vilnil'le Ine 'lu l \\'llkers. il wilth it all is te note
fit peaceft l 1)14test: Il lioleli'e.
The stri ikers ill \W\'illlillpeg. ( 1uilgil'. 1', Id ollitit ti and T, r'al ill
Iare exactly the sae . e ' m.etal' ll \\,workers s aire in Itiilte. lii
lltel iul.ost at the strikers in Caii.la i lihave seeni serlvie ili the
litle miinies. The Ifatl that there diriing their strike. while
everytlhiing is tied iupl, the strike c: uii ittee is hilmniuiiely les
sei'g the rigors ml the shut -dowu\' witlh referencce to Ilie de
liveries ll' ilck l ia d I' pliad llrdul s ( m d thalt the strikers In a
miil, iat ibectuse oi l'f (ce, huilt beeiuse oi their awni \alitilis,
are ilpeacel' l, shl\\'s io'ilulsivel"y that the sime ml en I ni strike iii
Hlhitte cruiilit be guilty l' the outrailges charged againist thliei
by the c.r'lr ration tres..
lJut, as everyone kiws\\. all vi\lenice thatll has ci'lllrred in
uttel dllrilig last strikes has been directly invited by stali
pigeons aniil gull men ill the emp)lo of the corporatiios.
MAYOR STODDEN- THE NEW ORDER.
'Parents shouild Viarni their childiren iat ice," staited
IMr. St. tlenl, "lthal i lt t Ih boy ugilht del'teiug uiliuinigs ill
ainy wtay r \ the dro\Viiig or figuires or writing t amll.es .i
the walls at the bihildii.gs will result in the laly being alr
rested auid rllrosecutedl. This is mlalicils im ischeiie tili~t
i uust he stoltlledl. Telachers shtudill also wari the chil
eni uilul talke steps Ito see that they lire niut allo.ed Ito
carry chalk away triaiI the s.hiul roomis withi theii."
Thle alibove piroclamation 'ri Mayor WV. Tomi Stodde i
should shinte the hlammier aid lnvil chorus into silience.
After' this tlemlionstratlio ll o' will It iwer anld couralrtge, aill is
owVl. who will now\ have the temierity I t suggoest that our lmayli
is of the rubber-stamp varietyl, that lie takes his orders frl'or
Roy Alley's junioir stenog.; that J.ikie Oliver is his Colonel
House; that he is subordinate to "Eat 'EIm Up Ed," et.,--,
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION- Great Falls, Butte, Livingetin, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS- --Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION--- Butte. Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION--Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION--Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte.
BARBIIRS' UNION-- Butte.
Metal Mine Workers Union of America.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDIRY WORKERS' UNION, NO. 25-Butte.
PLIMIBEIIS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
IIOD CARRIERS' UNION-Helena.
BROTIIERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAIIORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
-Tacoma, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLI)IERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
BUIILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
Away willh all that sitif , you knockers! What fulrther evi
1014' d, yin re(l lil' Il at 4 ilIllr mayI' fIrol')i Ilcle o her (ol'li
Iry is a1111111 ouil' 4i1art.s, Ile mi sl promiiel t of whiih is his Spllle?
01tllt'i l'l t nmyar ltreat llte laws of the .ity fathers a.s "1m1re
sc'rails 44l' pa'lter, mlld 11 lltt his I'iendsII l e the payro'll?
Ihidlil ,.I omll w 1 0r (lelfy all alibi stil lry ipolitiiall c'naln ls whle
i1 plt the tribe of Sti4dl len ill 14411(1 w'il the city's ct' el'rs?
()(e would Ihave l hol)llght that this wo\\'ulI halve been sufl'icienl
it ill 1 to .shal e the ltl'jilg criti's who have been insisting
tall (lt1441' that all] Mlayor Sttidleli had to do wa14 s to draw the
4tly Pll'velelole 4 issue it I'' r'oelltI'ed hli liday t )'rtiahlltatiolls.
\\'e lhave 11 Ilayo ill this I(law --aill kindIs 1'of mayorsll1'. t11'
lig; h Ill It low degree--sl Ii ieless liity)i' , wVistly-wtashi.y Iltiy44I'.s,
.\Io()Zy illy)lrs, i;llid Iyl ~Sy mllanyors.
\\']e htive Ihad Ilityl'S \'who, W'heill properly "'hol)IpeId ift p.
W. 1 ll . s .iis elid sIlch I111101' alll illnciCiseu (,lull q l ial (,stitltllitoill
t (1"11i1ti(t'(s its 1fee spoteeoh, 'leO sse.Ilelbllge 111id it fr'ee 1)'0es,.
Itit nlever, so hit4 's lhistory r'Cords (' 1t1P1o4'y recalls, ha'
liuttle 11h i a altlyor who throwh down Il e gailli ileot to Youlimg Anier-l
ilit allrd iullried thelli ill siterr i d terriyitnlg language thud
they werIe hto le hdeprived of thelir only ileaiiis (1of public ex
l'ression., Ilie age-long recognized right to place ll 1, 11 the walls
ofi' il41blic itildli lvgs theirtl' lt 1lland Illadllltelr'na ed I ho.g.il.ts.
While we 4144 not approve of this latest f'o1'ml of sup1t1ressio1,
\\we e foI'rcedil tl iinirie thile admtileillIit coutllnaige of the mayilolitI
ill thlis. Iiis laest kingly ('oninllnilllihlle.
11B11 lt perhapsi this is meriely a1noither of the Siglns of Ihie "'ie\\
lorderl' ' ofIlil~s.." --- ol' shl11ldl1 \ve saly Ilie Ol11 or'ler- --ill whili ch
''lese liiijes'te'" .llce Il11l becIlt les a h p-lilleI' iii Ilie ('I'nil
Ait 1ily i fit4. 1\\' \v ili your hIai nlel's. Let lis litive h '
I1()11o . ,'llc't' 11141 ' l441ileltlil ll1, OVOll i hIutg.li it be 114eIO(f .It 1'.\
It 4OIserve Ii 1ll'l '1th 4i' ,f til"y byh sitiilig
li111le Ih i'i l1l1i(."
'Lolg Live the' Kitg and Queen.'.
.\II Liail M\ rn . l.' Wl. 'Tlh mas SlhioI !
HAIR TONIC VS. SOAP SUDS.
News lreports this. mtoirning tell of the death at Irving.tlin-on
Ilti.dso. N. Y., of "'Mala.hn Walker,"' relputedl to have beetn the
wealthiest niegress in Ihe wor'ld, laving amtassed a tfortine of
imore than l ii millin t dh'. liins through tilie sale of an alleged
The "nlnt .lnln's" lil'e (c.llld e nu.tle the sutl,ject of ii sermon.
insleatd aof washinig the dirty lingerie of the w\omein of the
Weulthy at perhaps. a dollar n lay. the Walker woman hid her
ideality u.o le the ipsloniynI .f' "'mtuam," bottled a mixture
'of river water lulld possibly smiule scen('t and coldoring matter',
leil e it ii'r restorer and, plalvig ail the \'anities of these
n tie \\.m tIen of the ile rilt,O sild the iixl tire to them at prices
that enabled her io.sec r'e a liillioni.
E it \\llshe\\rwomall, Eliza Wal\Iker lprobably w\\'ild have
sIitl\ed. 'r atl the best, mahi'de otly hier hare living'. As Mada
\\Valker. tea4!ty! specialist, .i' \wllatever she called herself, sihe
tmnict' a 'otrtne' . Ajiii still. 'leailiness is said to be next to
TREAT 'EM ROUGH.
Mi's. Stitilni wt as lootkinig t". Itrotble anid smie got it.
lilth Mt's. Sullivan ail hera t ie uo .illed me the vilest inamies.
\\'liile I i'regret the t''t'il'll.eu e. I do not regret the results.
I lihad thiti both 1 fight, iandl I got aiway with il. Fr'tonit
smiie of the Inublished Ielioilt I w\olld nio recognise it its
i siOme ' al'ait' I ha l tiken paril ini. 11' Mrs. Silli~va got
a gouitd "'wtii'king livei' shite lihbutgit it ton herself'.
The abliove is Ilft from the 1lit oif ack Johnk soni, "'Leftyl
Lotiie.' "(lyp1), liithe Blood l'l 'Iatl 'Eta Utp Ed"'--ierl'e amai
Ia'.s whvlien it ctnties to stagilng the iirough-stinrt' and backing it
iup w'itlh the uhar'd-iled talk. 'the alttithr of the above glad
iltot'itil gea is tionie other thanii \I r'. Violenit Cooney, 'whiose his
titnid \wits iiutdvertently l le it c.niityv conui issioner' last flull.
\VWe readi oa itl unln'l'tig'eitts being made by the shipping tluotrdi
ltul the railroaid admituistratitli 1 hilandle the tr'ansliportation
tt' the t 'I,2lt,(tti),0(i buIlhels ,1' whl at expected ini the corningi
ihar'vest unil at the Si e tll imte \V.ltuthr \wh'el l annoiu celen tiet of
tintti iet' inci(rease in the price 1' 'lour w'ill be. made.
Stranige, isn't it, that a i, tlt report retquires endo'rse.iuel:
\\ ilte i nlad lreport will ble i.ie.'li, d illlmost any place at its fale
llaltue Ilfrom i l stlranger. i
thutred and revenge mnake a Amt[ base for a lasting peace.
I The Little End of the Horn
Political and Industrial Con
ditions in Europe and U. S.
(George P. West, the atllhir of the following article, re
cently retired from the position of special assistant to Mr.
Basil Manly, one of two joint chairmen of the United States
war labor board. Prior to that lie was editor of the Public.
one of the national magazines of liberal opinion. Mr. \Vesl
is perhaps best. known for his co(11ccticon witlh the ilinstlrial
relations coninission, of which Frank P. WValsh was clhairlianl.
the federal body which condl(lucted a counitry-wide investiga
tion several years agno, revealing a remarkable story of Ihe coin
spiracy of capital againLrst thIe workers ini this counltry, anti
placing before the nation fuits regarding the ilndustrial silua
tioii whiclh form a basis for all cIamlpaigns for a better inldus
trial order. Mr. West was one of the chief investigators and
joint aunthor of the conrlission's report. Mr. West has re
cently been enrgaged to write for the Bulletin, inl connection
with tihe Fargo Courier-News, a series of letters on national,
inotluslrial, political andi( social evenits of great significance.
New York, May 27.-Nothing more
revolutionary has come to pass dur
ing recent years than the active in
tervention of organized religion on
the side of economic justice.
Today the greatest churches in
America, in respect to numbers and
influence, stand definitely committed
to radical prograims of reconstruc
tion inl perfect harmony with the
programl of the labor I)ovcnlelt and
of tie Non-lpartisan league.
lteactionaries who attack these
progra nms as "bolihevistl and "dis
loyal" must attack the Catholic
church and the Methodist church on
the same score or else admit their
The Catholic church, speaking
through four authorized bishops, has
come out with a smashing pronounce
ment in favor of co-operative produc
tion and distribution, state competi
tion with private industry, and the
proposition that the workers must
become owners of the nlachinery of
production and distribution.
On Thursday of last week, the
Methodist church made public an
official declaration adopted by the
board of bishops, the highest author
ity within the church, in which it is
set down that "there must be pro
gress away from selfish competition
andi unselfish co-operation in that
struggle for daily bread which is the
largest single fact in the life of the
majority of men in any community."
In what follows these twenty bish
ops leave no doubt of their meaning
--of their determination to commit
themselves and their church abso
lutely to the side of the workers and
producers in the great struggle now
going on between privilege and de
The statement in full, as made
public May 22, is as follows:
"The bishops of the Methodist
Episcopal church, assembled in reg
ular session call upon the ministers
and laymen of the church to give
most earnest heed to the application
of Christian principles to social re
construction. It is increasingly man
ifest that there must be progress
away from selfish competition to un
selfish co-operation in that struggle
for daily bread which is the largest
single fact in the life of the majority
of men in any community. If this
progress is to be orderly and not
violent we must leave behind us the
evils which lead to deplorable vio
lence or counter-violence by either
"If Christianity is a driving force,
mraking for deriiocracy, we cannot
put a limit upon the extension of de
mocracy; we mlust recognize the in
evitability of the application of de
mocracy to industry. While we re
oice in the adoption of all such
ameliprative measures, as better
housing and various forms of social
insurance, w' esall for the more thor
ough-going emllph.l.f ,ou Jluman free
dom,n which will nit-democratic
progress mean the enlaa i' nt and
enrichment of the life of fit' a-ses
of mankind through the self-d
tive activity of men themselves.
"'We favor an equitable wage for
laborers, which shall have the right
of way over rent, interest and profit.
"'We favor collective bargaining,
as anl insitruellnt for the attainment
of industrial justice, and for train
ing in demllocratic procedure.
"'Alld we also favor advance of the
worlkers themselves through profit
slharing and through positions on
boards of directorship.
"In the discussion of all such mat
ters we urge all individuals and
groups to hold fast the tolerance
which come's out of mutual respect,
and to keep always in mind that
the riche t source of sound social
idealism is the Gospel of Jesus
No one can study these official
pronouncements and think about
their significance without coming to
the conclusion that the battle is
nearer won than any of us suspected
only a few years ago. Viewed from
any angle, the tact that these two
great churches feel c('alled upon to
commit themselves officially to the
program of the organized farmers
and wage earners means that we have
made the turn, and that regardless of
tihe struggles that lie ahead of us,
regardless of the prejudice and mis
understanding and selfish interest
that still block our progress, the goal
is in sight and the time not far dis
lant when we shall arrive.
Many are the scoffers who will say
that these churchmen merely see the
handwriting on the wall, or, to use
a more profane figure, that they
are merely climbing on the band
wagon while the climbing is good.
Admit all that can be said in this
vein. Admit the Russian revolution
has struck many a mind with fear.
Admit that no institution could sur
vive that does not swing into the
current of the world's progress. Ad
mit the wide gap that often yawns
between professions and perform
ance. Admit all these things, and
then, according to your generosity
of spirit, give these men your trib
ute of appreciation for a striking
manifestation of either true Chris
tian spirit or of unusual intelligence.
That it is in fact Christian spirit
no one can doubt who considers the
human side of the churches and
studies their constituency and their
sources of support. The truth has
prevailed in these official pronounce
ments only because the responsible
clergymen of these churches have
faced with open eyes the issue be
tween right and wrong and have
chosen right at the cost of incurring
the opposition and ill will of what
are today the most powerful forces
in the community.
Almost over night, the progressive
and far-seeing young clergyman who
thought of himself as in a minority
and on the defensive finds himself
backed by the highest church author
ity in all that he does to enlist the
church on the side of the people in
their organized efforts to throw off
the yoke of the minority who have
exploited them. In each instance
these pronouncements mark the tri
umps of such men,--men who had
to struggle with misunderstanding
and slander and persecution, and who
have eventually prevailed because
the truth was on their side.
In the Methodist church, the story
of the declaration quoted above Is
largely the story of Bishop McConnell
of Denver and his support of the
Rev. Dr. Henry A. Ward, secretary of
the Methodist Federation for Social
service. It was Bishop McConnell
who wrote the social reconstructinn
resolution at the request of hit col
leagues, and for whom its. adoption
by unanimous vote meant an expres
sion of their confidence and respect.
s for Dr. Ward, he has recently
the center of a controversy that
slipt S well as any like incident
ho th fh. rches are changing and
how they ___1_radually but surely
identifying Ctu n principles with
the demands of o'`.3 ed workers
Every four years th'e thodist
chuj'ch holds a general codlp ence
or convention. In 1916 the. .
ence met at Saratoga, and Dr. Wal
went there to lead the fight as sec
retary of the Federation of Social
service. For years the book publish
ing concern of the Methodist church
has refused to recognize the unions
in the printing trades. Its manage
ment was in the hands of business
men who only knew that they had
got along without any union, and
who saw no reason why working men
should organize for their protection
and advancement. Dr. Ward came
to Saratoga with a plan carefully
worked out, and with the assurance
of the unions that it woull be satis
factory to them if the church adopted
it. It provided for the preferential
union shop. He made a hard fight,
but lost by a narrow margin. The
reactionaries realized that times had
changed, and they were left victori
ous but uneasy. The fight will be
renewed at the 'next conference in
May, 1920. Hundreds of thousands
of dollars worth of printing and pub
lishing are involved, at the church's
plants in New York, Cincinnati, Chi
cago and San Francisco. Dr. Ward
was- recognized as the leader of the
maovement to enlist the church on
the side of organized labor in its in
sistence on recognition of the unions.
Last January, Dr. Ward devoted
one of the regular bimonthly bulle
tins which he issues to Russia. In
stead of accepting everything that
is reported about Russia in the cod
dled and kept press of New York, he
went to all the original documents
lie could get and talked to Col. Ray
mind Robins and others who had
been in Russia and who did not see
retd whenever they contemplated a
regime in which bankers went to
work and workers ruled. The re
sult was a bulletin that shocked ev
eryone who was convinced that Rus
sia is being ruled by bloodthirsty de
mons. The reactionaries saw their
c.hance. If they could brand Ward as
a defender of the bolslieviki, Ward
would be discredited and out of the
running, and they would have plain
sailing when lie came forward at
next year's conference to urge recog
nition of the printing trades unions.
The attacks began in the Christian
Advocate, a New York church paper,
Ministers of Washington, I). C., were
persuaded to adopt a resolution con
demning Ward, and so was a local
conference of the church at Phila
delphia. Then the same men went
into a meeting of the syndicate that
published Sunday school lesson books
for the Methodist and Congregational
churches, and got through a resolu
tion to discontinue the publication of
Dr. Ward's text books. These had
been used for years, by both church
es, and were among the most popu
Meanwhile, Dr. Ward's friends
were active, or rather, the friends
of democracy and justice, Twentieth
Century models. The Congregation
alist members of the syndicate and
the editors of that church's publica
tions condemned the resolution drop
ping Ward's books and called upon
the syndicate to rescind its action.
They indorsed Ward and praised his
work. The Methodist ministers of
New York City met and adopted a
resolution to like effect. Finally, a
full meeting of the syndicate was
held and the action against Ward
Thus is the ferment working inll
side the churches, and thus is rapid
progress being mad' The pioneer
work is done, ant ',enceforth young
men who go in for the ministry will
find their path toward the practical
application of Christian principles
made easier by the official pro
nouncements of the highest authori
ties within their churches. They will
still need all their courage, and it is
a long steep path from the declara
tion of general situations where
wealth and the established order bar
Today the Methodist church is
raising a fund of $125,000,000, of
which many millions will be avail
able for study and investigation in
the field of social and economic re
construction. Plans for the use of
this money, including the setting up
of permanent new agencies and the
extension of old ones, are in the
hands of men who take the declara
tion of the bishops literally and who
are facing with courage the problems
of how to bring it to pass that co-op
eration shall succeed selfish competi
tion in the production and distribu
tion of life's necessaries. Not much
yet can be said of their plans, for
they are not yet worked out, but
there is reason to believe that the
work to be done will be a most val
uable contribution to popular under
standing of the facts and propaga
tion of the remedies that go to the
root of economic evils.
Justice cannot be done in this con
nection without paying tribute to
the official pronouncements of the
Methodist church of Canada, adopted
y the general conference at Ham
last year. The conference for
fmg deplored the failure of the
Metho church in the past to at
tack eco ic evils, and asserted
that the "GC ian church must lay
great stress u l-fhe obligation un
der which we 1liOa dealing with
(Continued on Pii-.ieve.