Newspaper Page Text
O1hcuttutk JIat BurIeti
Issued Every Evening, Except Sunday, by TIIE BULIETIN PUBLISHIING CO.
Entered as Second Class Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292
BUSINESS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET
SUBSCR 1PTION RATES:
One Month .............. ... .75 Six Months ..................... 3.75
Thiree Months ..................$2.00 By the Year ............... $7.10
The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte.
Jalques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobl"nn Depot l)rug Store, 823 East Front St.
George A. Ames, Tr.. 316 1- N. Main St. P. O. News Stand, West Park St.
International News Stand, S. Arizana St.
Palace of Sweets. Mercury and Main Sts. ITarkins' Grocery, 1023 Talbot Ave.
Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Ielena Confectionery, 735 East Park St.
SAT'I[iDAY. MAY 31, 1919.
(WI .141'ly i. ,just .i I 4\"' 1'44(144141 t44\. 1.1444444 m4illi4445II'W44
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RELIGION VERSUS POVERTY.
S4,I44' I'('\\ (l144> ilag1 ill It-Ie' ('411 11 " 'tI \N' 144)144 1 ((4 t e III 1'4 1.
111,11 "i4!'\ IllM 2 4r !. 1 1 h(' i ;44 'l\ 41 414! 4II(1'4l In(1 tthir 4 '
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Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION---Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Gracnt Falls, Butte, Llvingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION--Great Falls, IButte, Livingston, Soatrtle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION- -Butte. Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION--Livingston, Deer Lodge, UBthl, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls. I _
PLASTERERS' UNION--Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIREIRS----Livingstoln, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERIS' UNION-Butte . .7
HODI) CARRIERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION--Butte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA.
PRINTING I'PRIESSM EN S UNION-Butte.
MAILERS' UNION--- Butte.
STEREOTYPEItS ANDI) ELECTROTYPERS' UNION--liButte.
BRIDGE AND) STR UCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS--Butte and
STEAM AND OPERIATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCI-IHERS' U:NION-Great Fal's.
INTERNATIO)NAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276 --Butte.
LAIUNIIRY WORKERS' UNION, NO. 25-Butte.
PILUMBIERS' U'NION-Butte. Seattle.
BROTH-ERlIOODI RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
22t-- Miles City.
TRADES AND LABIOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
1101) CARRIERS' UNION---Helena.
BROTHER-IIIlHO)ODI) RAILWT'AY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430--Butte.
BUT'TE FOI'NDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAIIORIS' PItOT'ECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte.
BOILEARMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
T'coma, Seattle. L.ivitngston.
INTEIRNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKBMITHIS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKEiERS', SOLI)IERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL--Painters' Hall,
II'II.I)ING LABI3ORI-RS' UNION---Seattle.
INTERINATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDG(;E AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WO()lIKI:RS AND I'IIEDRIVERS' IOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDI)UALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
it;i\( ' \\ t() llh ii l\'li)' \\'i til e I\tI tll iti S i ~t Ihei i tlS O r A1 P tl ei
illl \V ( r yrll el l ltos lltlv I'h i i.tlt li'e it llI tI iMS iii I e 'Ii t Si so it \VOultl(
liiill ilt l S it ' W .i lly i i itittt ell ii l Ct lPt t e ii tit let dist l itst
11108l ,1 ' Ill(, I'('1ll( , litr'y fi'lllt WI \\.)Ult (1 t \ ell 0I Stlul lti fillish
file( ('XpefuJlillif'( 01 Mi~lli lilolle (lit' il e I.n .
Thirly-f'ie\ milli(ons.. (,ne_ humilred usuil t'it'ly lhoulismal s o1'
:bloin... if' e'xplueid d iprolp rly inl tle Unliotel States would dho
intl(.ll I,.\\,ril lprollinig ila/lha 1H,,herhond Of reIll81 whichl is
ilth ,cssnicic . o all 'ci\'ilizcdl rcligio, , I t could d o much (oward
all(,\inflitl. ith , W\'r it. ll( I 00miilitiali ls o the1 poor ill ollP O\\'
1nlin. f11111,1'3- \\J r poe' IHc't lt.t is \vis I l(1vt ]'. 0111' II o tle11o[
Iliil. l id bll il y lie mo in y \\ill iiot be so expend;e\. d.l l.
li;lllier! w ill it lie ..pl-'ll il lilt e'inleavi\'ol Itilr llu 'h llie et' ishi tof
'tlig nl . ii.. Milii il I'lllll ui haveli \ Iblee i ,. llslil tl l il' g i l l t le es,
o pllie te' li ..ili.. l'ii i o l' w rett . i"h d li\'inig coli ititYio
.imise,. b15 Ilc 7ile p in 1liin ' il \\w it )' lof th iill....Ps Inlld r fIho irul~li ho0
of1 Itih, oi n*l~',. ti' by iomllltr laibil~ii nli ofl religisll. I'ervor.
thii .li..h is lith warbl. orl ratheor iliat palrt ofl il enlledo thie
['lited~ Slitt.. 10 ti Il a s mlll iillionlis ofl dlinesl'. hiive bOeli ex
efll(lil.. by f'or(,ig i misi on.i arll'. ..o ialies ill (.airryilg i' ,olhilig
!iilll hiblllt, in Smlilti Se, islaiilert l ho \' ev itw r befl.ior tho0 ('0li
ilia ofl llic lissi onarie'i' P\Cl' 10ll lithe nie eo.,i15" 10? r wlilliilin4'
thii rl Ibodie' ill I nii nfolillrtalelll l'i iln Ihte sw ellt 'iig healt o1' a
lroietl dl~l ..ll . whlil., miillionlis ofi hni ckl . mllil aldilts diedl iii Iti
! nilel,. .ill(' lfoi Ill( lin ,k of ii hiiol iic el,, ilieso.f[l lifei, dei eii d
thlemi beenusilel Itih y .1i.1lbl not h \v, ow\ni a1 .liil~l partl' iof the
m oiieli(. m illik. ill Ilth S mllll filil titlior Seill.4
ECONOMY? SURE! i
'lI'IIle il' li ll I' b lle ' nllc'e ild n lia ' lp li '.e e' ininille ,eit. er i)1. "
il \ ti l u' ix I I\ p, i tt iiiiI1.ti 1 i ! \\'iiih the Wl.V "S lie t -ili
ini 'll lti al ig t Ill t li urm lil'," eve Iiuni l yoe' tl e ii lie , C .ei'('e ille a I
;issll'ill( ' I \' i IIii w ' 'cncllu'il mei!'(ets ill slu-e('iHil ,essil i I(n
ii it' Jliiht Ils i. t'lon s lm lliineilullsii s willu t' tu (t l'l'itid oll e illa:i i
IIole it't lit ' oii ' v tl ig i n le'I il iei iiu ls w ill it miilnlls
lleil' ii,,s. i11 isl 1, l io e exletl l d II ill il ni n lltdtnseille
Illl I., sivi th Iie i ( ei ' t it'lllhi> irl' t ill II t'cln ll(' 'it stide oI ' ie a
m' il i'il w ill i 'li l g iu 'll l..' th i ii I' ri.lll' . il wu a illu ths e stilt'
iilljl'il " lil'- u I i sthe iluepublic lt' l. illnu the ' Sl lil fl el e it s blll
liillie i iilu Illlt lli e i ii; ,.l'\ 1ill bI e ui-u I. lve.h i' l i i
I'c lle' lic ll lzlelil. . lhiilu u Iet ih e ,tiii lles il ti ts heI nliu u lIi
liH l M I' . Iltai) lhio 'smll i il tow\\ali'1' e limilnaitil' so y n ulillli" lie ii
,l e l iu, i lue I . lille ilelliall i ti· l e'i u ieui i'tt'ill r t i i l illit
Aelim iilii( i' I'fl llli iIhe a vll er i -'lil I.sii iin " ail u. " like.,' s iiid
llhe'. v i e Ii m iiie's beart'i'iii" ulhe u inuu it ul " Ilish iceilee.i l . h a iI
osib,> i1 Ithe .'hairget is p rly~ll$ I11tru . e,.lee ialll\. \lt whe \\e lnke ililo
I.isii'u i. ilit ;i iii e l llt .ll i li i" ii' i\ii t'1i u ip l t i liou il im er
thelii laii i \\. "hike i tec ulth liile s iw i .i,, ll the city
ii'l uitie .ellu'll yIe - silicenr i. I ahe i e. \hia'h i. l'i -
-I Iliil' lr z l 11 I ' I llll l't' ( I' l'(iolul. Ili a, ·llllliViil' I;'l'.li Il°li~i .4'iC)I· 2 511 li\\
III tl\Iier. li ie u ll eit \'iilii t In \ i le tile l iiRlies o ' ,redilu 't' o i ise
ex l'ei -et l Ih 'ii ii-a the c.iinil ali, i lf il i" expette. 1lio . i e
i liullt. i te l uti-I . hlantl eiotie- 1. a ne ely di.ih11 ii'tl 2ilit oiitthr
it e Ilii i ieentlt' appii ntlii ed i' fit'l'uI, tl gt'll iwhl g l allle srime
\tl i, .ei- shth in till' I they at llle liat ioliheg ' ieal shoubl l. ...
hone i> illid blel( gulilard ins oir tile bIiV mil alt the suiile line
p rit, l'lii h melnl illl Ii Ch ( ief tor lieleli\-es M on'ri.ss yt)) o wi'tllilnue
ill Ih .-i'.i l /' cure o lres usuil irelrl'.ininto t ait .71 it0 a mioin h.
Yle . MI'. Malerl. $illll \\olk is .inst blegull \\hlenl yo~l fire 7t!
po~lil'eimei. Slill\ li- thinl .yil ililenl lin live ull to the faitlh
,nf llie Ipeoplle l!) .,ing7 frlithei' aii1, setilng Ilia other' mi~ilelbe .
o1' tlh. Ipnlil'e dleparlinwIll. \\ owl. ne I slli it i.s supii l uolu'sll . to
II nt'l ~io hier't. aile Idluretd ill Ipe-r'li nili t li itiremlelit.
".\ ike..' ill Ile iHIie delolt *inn'li i nstil~ go~ ia little [filltheir uiii
tie ii I't' 'im ls" In a fi't\\ .lo.ell n1' lle iii ompetlllO elit amid Sil er'
ilif l iou ", cln . ies. ' ",lIikies" mli l "Ili..kh,.e ' vOl hiat e, il oilier
,Iolparlmni til. i lnlbld$ Ihe ..lletel miilt .<-arbage~t depariitmil nl s.
S",le\ish loldili.al coin ltrol ,,1 Pah--eliiie has boon troi'lied b)"
(il'Oiat Brliltaiii saiyv. n ,Ie\iv ih i:nhbli ['lorni Seatlle wvho is ill
of Iliulle. \Ve Iriil lunit neilliei ith, ralbbi liorl tie re..t o1f hii
- falill ipil iiiuch II'i.-t iii Ibial "'lr,,l i l.'" Forl hi.story shlo\\",
S thitl lhilil b "' ri'lii.'et' ' wei nt' li, 'ell "miele .scraplls of ]paipel.".
a 1! i- ieli'oill'la iin"g l .,to se , i Inl"ll) lumlle gelling. sal-e e, liulgh
a to 'ellize thni t hey \were ill..alnl ,luinii f, r~ll %-eit1, ob \-i1.
Today We Celebrate. I
The Union of South Africa.
Today is the ninth anniversary ofd
the birth of the Union of South Af
rica. It was on May 31, 1910, that
the four British colonies in South
Africa-Cape Colony, Natal. the
Transvaal and Orange Free State-
were formed into a great federation
under the British flag. The forma
tion of the union was a triumph of
statesmanship, for it marked the
final step in granting the largest
measure of independence and self- -
government to England's late eoe
mies, the Boers of the Transvaal and i
the Orange Free State. Never be
fore in the history of the world have c
the wounds of a bloody and terrible
conflict so quickly healed as in South
Africa, which was proved by the en
thusiasm with which the people of
those regions came to the assistance
of the mother land in the conflict
As a result of the onion's plartici
pation in the war against Germany.
large areas, forml'lerly the possession
of the kaiser, will be added to the
British Dominion of Africa. Early
in the war the South Africans, under
General Botha, overrun German
Southwest Africa and captured Wind- I
hoek, the capital, and other principal t
towns. Even at that time General
Botha declared to his victorious
troops that the capture of Windhoek I
was of the "utmost importance to 1
the empire and the Union of South I
Africa." While the former German t
territory is not of much importance.
at least at present, it offers natural
resources capable of tremendous de
velopment. Its possesion adds to the t
British empire an area of 322.450
square miles, with a population of
about a quarter of a million. The
Germans were not successful in the
development of their African posses
sion, for where in the British Afri
can dominions there are school
houses. the Teutons built barracks.
Furthermore the natives disliked
their German masters, who had to
import white labor to construct rail- I
roads and other public works.
The ('opy right Act.
The first act providing for the
copyright of books and other publi- i
cations in the United States was I
passed 129 years ago today. The I
term of copyright was then fixed at <
14 years, with the privilege of re- I
newal for 14 years longer. In 1831 c
the period was extended to 28 years I
and providing for a renewal for 14
years. For nearly a 100 years after
the passing of the first copyright law
the protection was extended only to I
citizens of the United States. In
England a similar injustice was prac
ticed upon Americans, although the
British government did permit for
eigners to take out a copyright pro
vided their work was first published -
in England and thI author was at
the time of publication anywhere
within the English dominions. In
ternational copyright conventions
exist between nearly all nations. The
first copyright act in England was
passed in 1709, giving lprotection for
14 years and for the author's life if
then living. In 1814 the English law
was amended by extending the pe- 1
riod to 28 years.
The first settlement at Charleston,
S. C., was founded 255 years ago
today, but it was not until 1670, six
years later, that the town really got
its start. The few English colonists
who laid the foundation of what was
to become the aristocratic center of
the old south were augmented in
16I71 by a small colony from Bar
hadoes. In 1680 the founders of
old Charleston removed to Oyster
Point and founded Charleston. A
large influx of Protestant refugees
from France added to the town's pop
ulation and importance about 1685.
In 1752 the first newspaper in South
('arolina was established at Charles
ton, with Thomas Whitmarsh as ed
itor. In the years preceding the rev
olution hundreds of poor French and
German refugees sought asylum in
Charleston. The South Carolina me
tropolis was not slow in following
the example of New England in defy
ing the power of England, and in
1780 it was captured by the British
and held until 1782. The first open
mnovelnent for the secession of the
south from the Union originated in
THE BLACK ACACIA
'lie lavender mess that clings to the
'hat look toward the sea,
lad closed its petals and fallen
.ike the poppy that blooms on the
t was moonlight on the Palisades,
\nd all around was still,
ave the rolling crystalline sea be
Lid the mocking birds' midnight
sweet scent came on the gentle
know not fromn where,
wandered around in bloom lined
lut I could not find it there.
t was a fragrance idainty and strange
L perfume that only com(es at night.
t lured mle on through arboured
l'hen out in Saturnian light.
And there beside the rustic fence
saw a maiden, oh. so fair.
Xs she stood in dream-wrapped quiet
In the moondrift glare.
She stood with the breath of God
In the sheen of the moon and stars;
ier feet rested on a blanket of bloom
And I whispered. "The Goddess of
The soft odor lured me to where she
V'ith cluster lights at her feet.
And beyond were sands like drifted
Kissed by sprays from the billowy
I found a bloom resting near her
Wafting its breath in the quiet night;
It was a spray of black acacia she
On the bosom of her robe of silvery
--George Wesley Davis.
NOTE-People are invited to use these columns. as a medium of
publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the
good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of
the paper orly; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under
.his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
Livingston, Mont., May 29, 1919. 11
At a mass meeting of the Railroad s
rafts here Tuesday evening the f
leeting demanded that each employe p
,rite a personal letter to Director s
eneral Hines of the railroad admiu- l
I here enclose my lntter which you t
ay publish if you wish.
C. S. NUZUM, t
15 East Clark street. f
Livingston, Mont.., May 28, 1919. C
ion. Walker D. Hines.
Washington, D. C. t
Dear sir: I am writing this in
opes of convincing you of the jus- a
ice of our demand for an increase in a
W\e need it because the things we
n. are constantly going up, and we 2
ave a right to it because common a
beto in our locality is and has been l
eceiving I1more for the past two years
har we have.
In 1918 1 received $2.79 for nine i
ours' shift, while common labor in
le city received $4.00 for eight
Scott Nearing's Special Article
Economic issues may or may not
have played a big part in causing the
war but they are surely enjoying the
centaof the stage when it conies
to the making of peace. The New
York Times in a special dispatch an
nounces,-"The territorial terms
presented to Germany involve the
loss of 70 per cent of her iron ore.
a third of her coal, 20 per (cnt of
her potash, and between 7,400,00j 0
and 8,000,000 of her pre-war popula
France in her secret treaty over
Alsace and Lorraine spOcifi".d t!it
"Alsace and Lorraine to be rletutled
to France. Tihe boumlnd.ati, will be
Eugene V. Deb's Daily Message
From NEW YORK CALL.
"You have made all the marvelous
machines, and now your employment,
your very lives, depend upon your
having access to them. But these
large-grown tools, made by labor and
used by labor, are not owned by la
bor in the capitalist system, but be
long to a capitalist, or group of cap
italist, who live in New York, or some
other remote point, and when it suits
their pleasure they can order their
factories closed and you workingmen
locked out, without consulting you
and without a moment's warning..
You have not a word to say. At such
a time it is useless for you to leave
here and look for work elsewhere,
for when this mill closes down, so
do others. You are out of employ
ment and you begin to suffer, and
most of you don't know what the
trouble is. You only know that you
are no longer wanted at the mill;
The Fourteen-Pointed Porcupine
By OLIVER HERIFORI) in LIFE.
tI was a fretful porcupine, and 14 points had he
Fourteen sharp quills with 14 points as sharp as sharp could be.
lJust where the lane was narrowest he sat with frown severe
And shook his 14 pointed quills at all who ventured near.
As thus the fretful porcupine the right of way defied,
iUp came a British bulldog and, trotting at his side,
A slim Italian greyhound and a poodle dog framu France.
And when they saw the porcupine they stopped and looked askance.
Said the bulldog to the poodle, most politely, "After you!"
To whichl the poodle0 affably reslonded. "Anres vous'"
And passed it to the greyhound, who hastened to decline
In whatever the Italian is for "Thank you, not for mine!"
Then said the bland French poodle to the fretful porcupine,
"Mion tlher! I never saw sCen quills as yours, with polnts so fine!
But why, when all their 14 points are bright as bright can be,
The quills themselves should be so dull, I really cannot see!
"All that they need is polishing, and if you will permit,
My friends and I will lend a paw and rub them up a bit."
The porcupine protested. begged, implored, but all in vain.
Without ado the dogs fell to, an drubbed with might and main.
They scoured, rubbed and polished and they scrubbed each separate quill
The bulldog and the greyhound and the poodle dog-until
The procupine grew fearful. for he saw, to his distress,
That as each quill grew brighter still, its points grew less and less.
"Enough!" cried he. "Can you not see you're rubbing them away!"
lu vain lie pleaded, scolded, as lie saw, to his dismay,
His precious points grow smaller and more beautifully smuall,
Until, instead of 14 points, there were no points at all.
Then said the fretful porcupine, "What do we wait for, pray?
The path is straight before us. May I not lead the way?"
'Mid flying dust the answer came, a Parthian volley-shot
Of English, French, Italian: "Yes, you certanly may not!"
Frances Brown was born at Stran
erlar. County Donegal, Ireland, in
1816. Her father was the postmastei
of the village. She lost her eyesight
when she was 18 months old, yet in
later years she acquired great knowl
edge and became a poetess of re
nown, receiving the title of "The
Blind Poetess of Ulster." Her intel
lectual taste was first awakened by
the preaching of the village pastor.
She began by having children's books
read to her. then the works of Scott.
Milton, Byron and others, and final
ly, when she was about 20, she sent
some poems she had written to the
editor of a London paper. He ac
cepted them and from that time on
Frances Brown was a regular con
tributor to English periodicals. She
died about 30 years ago.
In Glen Falls, N. Y., 5,000 em
ployes of the International Paper
company went on strike,
ours. Then order No. 27 gave me
3.82 for eight hours, and by a
eniority promotion I now get $4.04
or eight hours as "skilled car re
airer." Common labor in Living.
ton is now getting $5.50 for eight
ours, not because of a shortage of
elp, but that that much is required
o keep a family in Livingston.
We have remained at our posts in
he railroad service fully expecting
air treatment by your office.
I wish to say also that we very
arnestly desire to see the govern
lent own the railroads, for at least
wo good reasons:
First. When the common carriers
re operated for and by the people,
11 profit and watered stock will be
Second, a few years of standardl
ation will decrease the cost of oper
tion to a small fraction of what it is
Earnestly believing that your one
lesire is to give us a square deal, I
meg leave to remain,
Very respectfully yours.
C. S. NUZUM.
extended at least to the limits of the
former principality of 'Jorraiue, and
will be fixed under the direction of
the French governm'out. At the same
time strategic demands must be ta
ken into consideration so as to in
clude within the French territory the
whole of the industrial iron basin
of Lorraine and the whole of the
industrial coal basin of the valley of
Coal and iron! Iron and coal7
Well may H. N. Brailsford in hisi
"War of Steel and Gold" dignify
them as the two great lode-stones
that are drawing and holding togeth
er the organization of capitalistic
that workers are a durg on the mar
ket. With these wonderful tools with
which you now work, every few years
you have produced so much that all
of the markets at home and abroad
are glutted, and the capitalist cannot
sell what you have produced in such
abundance, and so they stop their
machinery, shut up their mills, lock
out their 'hands' and paralyze in
dustry, and there you are, idle, help
less, hungry, hopeless, desperate.
And these conditions will come upon
you and become worse, no matter
how well you are organized in your
several trade unions; and this will
continue as long as you worlingmen
allow the idle capitalists to own and
control the tools of industry.
"Has it ever occurred to you work
ingmen that, if you could make these
tools and use thenm, you also canll own
them and produce wealth in plenty
I Today's Anniversary. I
The first Roman Catholic cathe
dial in the United States was dedi
ated in Baltimore 99 years ago to
day, May 31. 1821. The first Cath
olic cathedral in continental North
America was that in the City of Mex
ico, which was commenced in 1675
and completed in 1710. Whilt the
Roman church held sway over Can
ada and Mexico from the beginning
of their settlement, the pope had but
few followers in the colonies which
were planted by England. From the
first Maryland was the principal
Catholic center. and Baltimore nat
urally became the first city in the
United States in its historical rela
tion to the Church of Rome, and the
seat of the first bishopric.
The New York Big Six printers'
union increased the scale for men
employed on afternoon newspapers
to $43.50 and morning papers to
$46.50 a week.