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"GR EA T!"
The hearty drink, the friendly
drink for all real people.
Different! Every glassful refreshng.
Every drop sizzling with life.
Better! Full of the strength of nour
ishing cereals and hops.
Satisfies! The real, true flavor.
At your nearest soft-drink store-try it and see how
p.~ quickly you and Exelso will take to each other.
HAMNOXE.e.O JIij COM'ANY St. Paul, Minn.
iEXEI.SO 1DISTRIBUTING CO.
(102 Uitiah Ave.. Butte, Mont.
SAY YOU SAW1 IT N TiE llII I.,ETIN
CANDIDATES FOR OFFICERS
Montana Federation of Labor
Endorsed by the Cascade and
Silver Bow Trades and Labor
Assemblies and Various Locals
For President-Steve Ely, Sand Coulee, Mont.
For Vice President-J. C. Whitely, Butte, Mont.
For Secretary-Treasurer-J. T. Taylor, Lehigh, Mont.
For Executive Board Member, Cascade District--Charles
Heximer, Great Falls, Mont.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN T'" lil .'I'IN
A. F. of L. Convention
Atlantic City, June 21. --- (IeY t'
Mail.)-Had the liberal el-mentt ti
among the delegates to this conven- a
lion of the American Federation of ,
Labor refrained from offerinlg anyN v
resolutions, and had they refraia l.idl
fromn taking any part in ltIh proceed- e
ings, the record mnad hy thl' clhoti- v
pers' organization, which t s doiti- g
ialted the gathering frotI the stalrt.
alight have been far less reactionary
than has been the case. e
This idea is suggested by the a
strong language in which the courts a
are assailed, and the reactionary r
character of congress is denounced, r
in the report of the committee on the
executive council's report. which t
commnittee was upheld by unltanimoui s a
vote of the convention. None of the c
radicals or liberals had offered any I
resolutions dealing with these trite (
facts of American political life. The i
committee felt free to use slinging I
phrases without seeming to yield
any concession to the minority.
"Our nation." says the report ont
judicial usurpation of power, "in as
nociation with other nations of free
people, has just concluded a victori
ous war for the rights of all peoples
to determine their own destinies.
While proud of our accomplishments
in behalf of the peoples of Europe,
we have nevertheless been neglect
ful of sinister influences constantly
at work in our body politic, which
are slowly but surely sapping the
independence of our institutions and
are creating an autocracy equal in
power and authority to that exer
cised by the most tyrannical despot
ever known to human history.
"Our nation is founded on the
principle that every citizen is a sov
ereign unto himself, and that the
powers of government extend only
to that degree to which the consent
of the governed has been freely, ful
ly and fairly obtained. * * *
Despite the fact that the early consti
tutional convention denied the right
to our courts to pass on the consti
tutionality of laws enacted by con
gress, our courts and judges have
been slowly and surely disregarding
these restrictions and limitations and
now freely and uninterruptedly exer
cise powers which even the monarchs
and kaisers dared not exercise with
all their claims to power by inherent
"The power of the courts to de
clare legislation enacted unconstitu
tional and void is a most flagrant
usurpation, and is a repudiation and
denial of the principle of self-gov
evrnment now recognized as a world
doctrine. Its continued exercise is a
blasphemy on the rights and claims
of free men of America.
"This usurpation of power by our0
courts to subordinate the legislative
and executive departments to their
will and compel the activities of a
free people to meet their whims and
dictates is paralleled and equalled
only by the further usurpation of au
thority by our courts to legislate and
punish people in direct defiance of
constitutional safeguards to personal
liberty and freedom of action. By
the issuance of injunctive decrees, by
the restraint they place upon the
nirnlal and righllftl activities of t a
free pjople, by the punishing of free
llel ill 1tle ('XCi5e of ' hiti cco1lstitll- (
ioiinal rights without ollpportunity for t
a trial by jury, by the removal of I
safeguards lth'rowl ;()round the ildli
vi'du;il a n t xl cessive punishmenll('lt
tud the denial of aln opportunity of
exeelive eliltemey, o111ur courts liave
Voest id themllselveis with a power
gral'ter thanli any despot ever hereto
ore po iossess.ed.
"'Tile fate of the sovereign Amioeri
can pleoplle again liiings ill the bal
alltce. It is inconceivable that such
an autocraltic, dlespotitc anid tyralini
cal power can long remain in a de
iiocrii y. One or the othler imust il
I iiately give way, atll your collllit
tee believes that this coinventioni
shtliild deel:re tha t as wage-earners,
citizens of a free anild d!emocr'atic re
public, we shall stand firmly and
collscientiollsly oni ourl rights as free
oiien, and treiat all injunctive decrees
that inlvadi e our' ersonial liberties as
unwarranted, in fact, unjustified in
law. and illegal, as being ill viola
tion of our constitutional safeguards.
You'll find no dilly-dally
ing indulged in by this bank
on any llalter of your c('on
Should you want a loanll,
wellt quickly tell you
Wwhethter or no we can c'on
sider making it, and on
Promplltness in coming to
3 a decision is 1one feature tof
our service that people like.
t\\e do not fear the loss
of a customler through
frankness, for, as a rule,
any man prefers open, di
t rect dealing, rather than
evasive anId uncertain con
i Therefore lose no time in
debating with yourself any
question of finance where
this bank nlight be of help.
Put it up to us and get
the matter off your mind.
And remnember, the Yegen
Bros. Blankers, will keel)
the entire facts in confi
dence no matter what the
FIour Per ('Cent Paid on Sav
1ilngs Acc'Olllts and ('ertifi
a sates of l)eposit.
y CAPITAL $10_0.00.00
GREAT FALLS FOR
The following Great Falls unions
have voted in favor of striking
to free Thomas Mooney, the
figures denoting the percentages
of membership who voted to
IPl;asterers- - .....................------ .100%
Machinists .............. ..... . --.... 90 "
Machinist Helpers ..............- "
i. B. .E. W orkers............ ...... 8 "
Cooks and Waiters...... ...... 99 "
Sheet Metal Workers......--. 90 "
Boilermakers ...................... 75 "
I,. Ry. Carm en .................... 90
Painters .............................. 90 "
lFederal Labor Union .-...... "
Team sters ............................ 5
Engineers ............................ 99 "
Cooks and Waiters .............. - ! "
Ele: ctric W orhk.rs ................ 714 "
Mill and Sm-rlrroen .......... 70 "
C(lpenters ..................---------....... 75 "
Plumberls, votd. ill favor.
The carpenters and mill and
smeltermen are taking their vote
over again and it is felt that the
strike will a lso carry with them.
- - I
tltd at icct wiliteverO consequences
nay follow. se
Y'our collllittee further recot- li
Ii-(nds that illlllmmediate steps he taken tri
by the executive counllil and by all
state organizationls for tlhe early ein
l(tlnlent of adequate laws to dlniny thl
ilih flrtht er lusullrlpation of lthese un- n
warlranted powers by the courts, anld sh
that congress be lpetitioned to tin
ipe('tlch all judges who nay hereattl' er
exercise glovernmental functions ald to
luthority not expressly delegated to tl
the.n It is the view of your cotn- th
inittee that the widest possible pulb- li
licily should be given this subject, ti,
that the public Imind and conscienice
should be fully aroused to the danl- d
gors confrontinlg the liberties of out r
people, to tlie end that the judicial pt
alltocra('y and despotism which has
ibeen slowly developing in our inidst
shall conic to an early and definite
Words almost equally severe were i
used by the salie conllllittee ill tell- Ii
iiug of the persistent and intentional el
disregard of the desires of the work- fc
ors by congress, anld calling for ac- A
tion to "let in the light upon the at
nlooks anld corners of the dlark iiallls i
of congress," so that the workers o
muight know whly their legislative de'- m
Inilds went unheard. The mlethods ti
of conigress were described as "ar- II
chlai and autocratic," anld "e(lll
plloyed chiefly to serve the interests tl
of ihe wealth-holders of this nation." ti
When, however, the qulestion of w
ailnitesty for political prisoners was C
ibrought. utl, upon an unfavoratble re- I
port on resolutions asking for suclih
alutnesty, the convention overwhelm- d
ingly voted against it. and applaud- n
ed John l'Frey and others who pro- p
posed that if Schoenblerg of tile mtaI
clhinists foitnd Aierica less free thain
Ithin coullntries be had lived in. lie s
had better leave Amierica. Violent 1
dblnu nciatiotn of "lpro-(erl'nianls" alnd t
tihe suggestion that the pieople on-(
victed under the espionage law int
this country would, illn lly other
country, halve "facetd a firing squlllad
instead of a jury" drew the loudest t
applause of the sessionl at which the I
iEsue was dlebated.
Mlich dolelpded, of coulrse, upon
who was ito be persecutedl. When l
tie national colllnlitte to organize
Ile iron and steel workers relportled
upon the general denial of the right
of freel speelch to trade illtionists in
Stie Ilomnestead district, and especial
f ly in McKeesport, and when Colm
pelrs, as retiring cllhairmllan of that
conlmlittee, turged that hias su.eessor,
.lollhn itzpaltrick of ('hicago, lie giv
ten all possible aid in the camlpaign
int westertn Pennsylvanlia, the nmaLjor
ity at onlice becamlle lndignanlt atl the
violation of tie constitutional rights
involved. A resolution wals adolptied,
delallding that coigress investigate
I the lawless iactions of thie mayor of
SlMcKeesport and others who hatd re
fiused to portliit union organizers to
- hold meetings.
On tt Saturday afternoon (tomtipers
i offered a resolution, which was
, dopted calling upon the Pennsyl
vania legislature to defeat once imore
Stihe so-called sedition bill which
e Covernor Splroull had resurrected aft
,s er its first defeat in the lower Ibranch
is atl. larrisburg, since this bill "fur
in ther restricts and invades the rights
- of the workers and mnasses of the
Only an hour before this iilitant
ction,il. however. the roltmliittee on
latws, hleaded by Treasurer Daniel .1
'Toin, had replorted a proposed
change in tile constitution of tile A.
'. of I.. forbidding all local central
lablor bodies to senld out to other
cOntrial labolr coutincils, either verbal
ly or in writing, ally suggestion in
falvorl of chlaniging the form of or
ganization of the A. F. of L. All
sulch suggested chantges must be first
siltititted to the executive council.
andiii secure its endorsemllent, before
they could legally be circulated
altiong the cocntral labor councils.
)unlllcan of Seattle ata once pointed
out thllat this was aimled at Seattle,
which had circularized the labort
coiuncils of the icountry on oIis plan
for reorganizing the Federation onl
industrial and depart mental, instead
of the existing international craft
union, lilies. Tobin admitted that
Seattle was lueant, but asserted that
('hic'ago ihad likewise been trying to
stalel(tide the sentilment of the labor
ilovement in this way. Furuseth de
nounc'ed the schneme as being a gag
and an attempt to deprive the work
ers ill their local councils of the pow
er to tllink and convey their
thoughts. The schenle was sent back
to conlllittee, whence it will prob
ably bIe re-reported with minor
amendments oil Mollday. The ltma
chline has been runningllt SO so smoothly
this year, aind opposition has been so
easily thirust aside, tlihat the Goltpers'
orgalliz;l tiOn has dared to attainl' t to
forbid discussion of thie fundatinont
als of the tiovement excellt ill the
conventioni where the nlanclhille doi
It reltainted for Gompers andt his
newly - appointed lieutenalit, Mat
thew W\oll, however, to cap the cli
mIax Of Itheir performlance of tllis
busy fortnight at Atlantic City by
stalging a denunciation of Basil M.
Mlanly and Frank P. Wtalshl, precsent
Iand past joint chairmen of the na
tional war labor board. Senator
Poindexter atnd Representative Clyde
Kelly of Pittsburg had introtltlced ill
congress tt bill creating a nIew ioardl
to take over the functions of the war
labor board, and na;ii:ng Walsh as
1tl chairman of the laid" side. Gom
pers was on the list of ];tlh' lmen who
were to be memblrs. it the fact
that his name did nut ,.ad the list
wal a terrible blow. (til' of his
checer-leaders, Shay of ih ' Stage enm
pliyes, got up and anllliced that he
was informed that :iih a bill had
iboeon introduced, that it was drawn
lup by Basil Manly, and thait lie con
stidered it an affront io labor that
iiiny ma not in the .\ i'. of 1. should
Ib suggested as halt io the board.
Gomllpers camle l'o ward with a
statcilent that his ol;iie in Washing
toll advised him thi. the facts were
as bad as Shay had indicadted. ie
produllced a telegram Ol f indignant de
mand, sent by hin e;ilier in tile day
to P'oindexter and Kelly. virtually
ordering them to do inthilng with the
bill until they shonldi hlve consulted
the officials of the A. F Iof I. (Loud
app.llallse). Then (coiinsrvtives and
liberals alike begi ani llmping on tile
idlen of a new board io control labor
relations. Furusetih. crow, of the
mnachlinists, and othelir' on the liberal
side pointed the m(1ra;1l that now was
the time to resolve tIh t organized la
lor mIust look to itself for progress
as well as for advice. \\'oll, who has
beenll a mellmber of the war labor
board in proxy for Victor Olander of
Chicago, and who has just bieen mande
a vice president of the Flederation,
then "disclosed" lihat when Manly
sent a letter of r.(esignl ti()l to the
president. some montllhs ago, hlie out
lined a plaln for a peri'anent indus
trial tribunal, and. aecording to
\Voll, lie even inamed the men who
ought to be ihe joint chllirlnen, and
the empllloyers fromll aiioni(g whomn
employer nmemllhers of tile )oard(
should lie selected.
Slnd tie saltoe ctrowd that had
laughed in derision when they were
told, a few ldays ago lby Sweeney of
thile tailors that "the civic federation,
that industrial-voiced fiend, is run
Ining around here, controlling tile ac
tions of this convention," now voted
a thunlderotus applroval of Golmpers
declaration that labor must exert its
own authority in dealing with labor
problelms. The executive council is
to take the matter up for action.
Gomnlers himself is very sore at
the liberal press. As day by day it
discusses his autocratic reactionismn
more frankly, he calls attention to
his "wounilded heart" mllore pIersist
ently. After his re-election today,
for examplllle, hlie spoke of the "anti
American papers, anti-label'r papers,
and aulti-Amelllrican Ficderation of La
bor lnplcers that have attackedl this
organization, through e111 heart of
myself, its president." He defied
themi, as usual, and the cheer-leaders
lamlilllmelrd tile tables as usual.
When tile laws were changed so
that each departmlent might have a
special delegate in the convention, it
was at once revealed that James
O'Connell, defeated for all offices by
his own organization, the machin
ists, was to be admlitted bIy this side
door. Dluncan of Seattle asked why
not "give two legs to this lame duck
proDosition by laying a tax on the
-leLLpartmllents, the saltle as on local
1 councils and state federations that
send delegates hlere?" But lie was
t hushed. If the machiniusts were
Sthrlough with tlheir former president,
- Gonlpers valnes his helpl. So O''Con
1 nell will sit in the next convention.
r nAmong the matters left to the ex
1 ecutive council were the choice of
t the delegate to accomlpany Colipers.
e to Amister'dam in July, to the Inter
national Trados Union congress, nd111
a the selection of the next conveiltion
Bulletin Want Ads Get
Results. Phone 52.
- THINK IN INTrERFI T SAVE \-
Books Which Deal
With the New Realities
AFTER THE WHIRLWIND
Charles Edward Russell
Author of "Why I Am a Socialist," etc.
"Mr. TRussell's book is interesting because
of his views of labor's attitude toward the
great world problesnis of today, and it is
notable for the clear-visioned review of
the causes leading up to the great war, for
the scathing denunciation of German Im
perialism-he glories in the crucnhing of
.lermlany as a sincere well-wisher of the
(er!maln iprolet:riat. lMr. Russell does not
dlespair of itussi---he was a nilenlber of
thlle commission that went there after the
Itevolution."-Baltimore Sun. Net, $1.50
SIX RED MONTHS IN RUSSIA
She lived in Revolutionary Russia as one
of the people ; she knew Kerensky, Lenine.
Trotsky. and the women of the Battalion
of IeaCth; she atlenlded the inner councils
of the Soviet. and hers is a vivid and symn
pathetic presentation of Russia.
"Miss Bryant lis boundlless faith in the
IRevolution. She presents its case clearly
and dramtatically."-The Dial. Net, $2.00
AMERICAN LABOR AND THE WAR
President of the Amerlcan Federation ot Labor
"T'hi; exposition is of the nature of a gos
Iel of labor in its bearing uplon social and
ecnonomic readjustlmenlt, - Washillngton
'riThe book contains Mr. Gompers' impor
tant war speecthes and Labor's olticial wat
record, including all the vital war mleas
- lures antld resolutiolns of the Federation.
CIVILIZATION: TALES OF THE
ORIENT Ellen N. La Motte
'Se los beneath the outer appearance
if things political and social in tile East
anut writes of inner motives and me:lnings
in a frank fashion likely to make politi
Scillans ill several so-called civilized coun
tries feel unconfortable."--The Sun.
BANNERS Babette Deutsch
Mir is the slirit of challenge and revolt.
calin:g old standards andl traditions into
Sullestiot --Ioceeding fearlessly In the new
t'lields of thought and emotion. This spirit
is rovherl Ibetler shownt than in 'Banners,'
the title poem writtenl in celebration of the
IutsICan lIevolutionl."New York Tr'ibune.
OUT OF THE SHADOW Rose Cohen
tif (his iook w\\hich throws such an unspar
ing light oil Ghetto sweatshop life atnd
chiild labor, Lillian Wald writes: "It will
b( a :clcedlite a social document tran
s endit lg in value the volumes of the aca
l te anially trained searchers for data on
these tcodit io:i:." Net, $2.00
THE FIELDS OF THE FATHERLESS,
"A source bootk of poverty," is what thu
Chic'ago Trrbunue calls this self-revelation
iof a servant girl. It is the tale of her
wanlderinlgs. her experiences as laundress.
as it swea:ltshopt worker and as a servant
given just as she wrote it without editing.
A hul!ut:Ui document of surprising realism.
Orders for these books will
be taken at the Bulletin office.
I 180 Walnut St. Phone 3098-W
Full line of groceries, vegetables,
fresh meats, fruits in season.
(Unions who vote on the Mooney
strike are requested to furnish re
sults of the balloting to The
Bulletin for publication.-Ed.)
Results, so far as The Bulle
tin has learned, are:
Tailors, 3 to 1.
Barbers, 3 to 1.
Plasterers, 2 to 1.
Electricians No. 65.
Silver Bow Trades and Labor
Pearse-Connolly club, unani
Mill, Smelter and Su_ face
Metal Mine Workers' Union of
Workingmen's Union, 68 to 58.
Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers'
International Union No. 69,
Workers', Soldiers' and Sailors'
voted unanimously for Mooney
R u b b e r and Tireworkers'
union, 13 to 2.
Helena, June 26.-Reports on crop
conditions from 23 counties in the
state received by Chas. D. Greein
field. commissioner of agricultuir
and publicity, for the week ending
June 21. are of the same tenor and to
the effect that there has been no rain
of any consequence and that the ouf
look for crops is not good. While
in a number of counties the grain is
reported as looking fair, raii is need
ed to make the crop. The first cut
ting of alfalfa is being made and tlhe
quality is reported as excellent.
Due to the gradual failure of the -
range in a number of counties, plans
are )eing made to ship livestock. In
the eastern part of the state local
showers have helped some, but rain
in that section is as badly needed as
The following are the reports from
the different counties:
Richland county: Crops sufferinig
in all parts of county. Early wheat
seeding looking fair, late seeding
damaged. Oats does not seem to
I have germinated. Pastures lioldi ig
out well and cattle still in good con
Sheridan county: No rain fell
during the week. Crops not in best
of condition. Some spring grain be
ginning to suffer from drought. Late
seeding has not come up. M\lost of
vwinter rye will be cut for hay.
DaIwson county: County very dry.
Prospects indicate less than half a
Rosebud county: Weather ex
ceedingly hot and dry, very unfav
orable for crop growth. Winter
wheat now almost a complete fail
ure on dry land. Seventy-five per
cent of the winter rye has been cut
for hay. Spring wheat may not make
over thirty-five per cent crop under
present conditions. Corn and otlier
forage crops looking fairly good.
Yellowstone county: Practically
all dry land winter wheat has been
given up and most of the spring
wheat. Corn is at a standstill. First
cutting of alfalfa on irrigated lind
is making a heavy crop. Range glass
practically all gone.
Stillwater county: Fall wheat is
headed and in danger of not filling
unless rain comes. Pasture extreine
ly short. Spring crops are looking
fair in many localities but rain is
needed to make a crop. Alfalfa be
ing harvested with but a fair yield.
Sugar beets very poor stand. Live
stock conditions serious. Plans be
ing made to ship out.
Lewis and Clark county: Week
generally hot with hot winds, and a
few local thunder showers. Wiiter
wheat is burning rapidly. Spring
grain is at a standstill. Irrigation
water shortage acute.
Teton county: Winter wheat in
the northern part of the county look
ing fairly good. In the balance of
the county is in bad shape and will
make a very light crop. Spring wheat
in the same condition as regards lo
cality. Flax fairly good in most
Chouteanu county: Drought un
broken except for a few local show
ers. Winter wheat fairly good ilt 75
per cent of the fields. Spring wheat
jointing, but not stooling. R4nge
conditions slightly improved by last
Missoula county: Winter wheat
will not fill without further nmois
Sanders county: Very hot weath
er hurting the crops. Grasshopper
damage is reported from the reser
Ravalli county: Alfalfa of fine
quality and weather conditions ideal
for curing. Irrigated grain and peas
looking good. Dry land grain seri
ously injured. Grasshoppers mqnac
ing land along eastern foot hills.
Prairie county: Winter wheat
practically a failure. Spring grain
50 per cent gone. Corn fair but suf
fering. Plans being made to ship sur
Valley county: Local showers
help some but general rain is needed
to save crops. Wheat on summer
fallow is holding out well. Grain
heading on fall and spring plowing.
Range drying fast.
Custer county: Crops still holding
on in fair shape but everything badly
in need of rain.
Phillips county: Early grain is
badly in need of rain. Late grain
beginning to stiffer.
Fergus county: Extreme hot
winds early in week damaged all
crops to some extent. Local showers
later somewhat relieved situation.
Hay crop short.
Musselshell county: Rain in the
north and east from Barrel to Mel
stone. Showers in west. Most of the
county faces possibility of crop fail
The Fuld Store
Announces Its Final
Today Friday and Saturday, of sail
or and sport hats that formerly sold
up to $6.50, comprising straws of
every description, plain and fancy
braids, rough pineapple straws;
every new color represented
SIn consideration of the remarkably
low prices at which these hats are
offered, purchases must be abso
no credits or
be made ........
Still have a
few of the
$8.50, at ......
_ _ _ PARK
NEW STYLES EACH WEEK.
Hotel and Restaurant
The members of your union
employed at the
Park and Rainbow Hotels
GREAT FALLS, MONT.
are on strike for more wages
and better working condi
tions. Workers of this craft
ADD TO YOUR STORE OF
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE BY
Debs Goes to Prison............-------.....------.......-...--25
Good Morning .................................... ------------------10
British Rule in India.................----------------............10
Lessons of the Revolution (Russian) .........-100
Soviet Russia .................----- ......-- ..---- ----- -----10
What Is a Peace Program?.......................... 5o
The Wealth of J. P. Morgan....--------.............. 50
ON SALE AT
The Bulletin Office
.. . . . . ii
Hill county: Crop conditions han
dicapped the last few days owing to
1xtreme hot weather and hot winds.
Greater part of county needs abund
ance of rain to insure 50 per cent