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Gheutte B yiltt IBfurti
Issued Every Evening, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
Entered as Second-Class Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
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TUESDAY, JULY S. iii i3.
Has He TII. test. Iler,.,.eo, r (\-' sio' 1}
M\/lade l i, is this: Is it baseil iipui
Made Good t(,el i'f a, i It ii uii ,i ies ivolvei
011This* r mrelintt It word of al mn
Oin t ilit, s ell iaitrig li t i gi 'I' erpiltl l
t the mo i tne I t u usa a 4rvoup ill
free peoples ,ill lhe ,olhet? Tlhis is
; tlest whliichi gutes tii the icii t 1)1 the
Sm tlher: a.ni il is Ile l('st which(
ist Ih ' aihlli(e l.
\V.e l liee thi l he inlltei'ble xxro. .gs H uie in .is
wxair by lie furi ii us atui brul al iii c f. i tie iimpieria l (;er
anli gr vemeuieii l ughtt ,I I I. hI e repaiied., hl t not itl ie
expense if' Ithe svereigli l.. of a, iy . i.(, le -1-r . ier a vi n -
iiintl.ioii at' the sxvereigilty I .,(1 li ' i hose t Iat .ire xxeuik
iul Iho itise tin I arc siisg. i uiii liv ninages. lhe dits
iieniberimei t i iii empires. the estailhishiiieia of selfisli iiil
exclusive e'cona ic le.gues. xe leeia iiexp(ediiltl nil in
th cie l xxwo se tha_ t'alile. Ii liiliper basis li'i a lienice I'
alil kliin . tlea st ,;';II fol r In I ('ii i ri " g I ie eih. ThI alt i s
1e hiasetl ruoii iiu juslice nail I'tiritiess uil lhe ciiuntiniii
righls ilg n27kiul. t 'resile l \\ilsh's reply Iu the
pope. Aiig. '27. 11)17.
THE MORRISSEY CASE.
(hie(' o t)ete ltives l.,l Morriissey is fired. Al tleast., llil is
Ilthe verdit, (rof Ih-e potlic·e (c.oml lim i.bl which fLor four days li tl
week listeneid I evildence lending i. l sln\ Ilhat Ilie saill Mol'
riosey was br dal by ni lture til liruitd il his o (')very lay ts i as
ile c(hief1 of lie city detective depariliiieit. The coninmissioni
so hdliersii iin i i l' tri. ho ilia lis us l vile la ' iuage loai el Vwolit -
ei in lhe p.l 'ling ili in precinctl i i i .-l l an (li o general con'lll (
btollt(' ninilig anll irl'iei , and geIil ll tii t li..
mediilaely, will meet with leo Utpprovalt of every decent eitizelin
o t Iintle. In flte, the (liji ngs ill' t ie coninission have proved
hlie smiie syistem I hlit ihas been iii p1'ration in thle . itsit----,.i IIie- I
lPy. tlihal no matter wlill the charges filed againsI ai policeman.
they wouli he dinlisiseul 11d flit' lie ,sed ofIficer given a cleanli
hill f' healill t.
lonrissel s 'i ischarge il dis c rnie cll Iit isieletel it
ots a personad l io r rll lie Mlayotr Slo ii.,h who repeatedly hasl'. I
detlred lint lie will ntl tulerate s h tlct i cis as ir( e rollvelli
against Morrissey, iroii aily ineiliers at' his police departninun.
'iNow the (qll esltiii dis iss it isi a is ilup ti Mr. S thileni ndl theell is
no .ilizel whiii believes t he itmayor will lt lli heri'ise l ithan 'itl
IJ tilhe recouitltiii tl ilio.l ls it' tl is appoin tees oin the 1o licj c . -li
Tlls. i nlli.
11 is tr ie (the e.illission wits Inot unailii'uiin s in rell mml' i iei ndl- I
ing sltiiinna' dismissal, only Ii u i t hre Iiee it eii erli si iof tie
h iard hlavinig voted Il'r Iiha t penlly. Il is true Iitnl iiniis
siuiner Mli in'lin.l llii lle l MO r ii seyls gilt. ut dii 'l'eried i ill ; ,
lie other imembers of the police (oiliiissiiii on lhe exteit oni
the ptuiistiilnei: hid it ntso is lrue that even (onninissioner Me
Millii signeitd the preliilitian'y statement of thle .miii issioiin
iitudiig Morrissey guilty o il ch ges iiiile ag'ainist hliii.
lt is t lue Ihut that inordinait lte rke. PetI e I liee . iwho. lI'(
si- many yearv s has inuleted lie people oi linite irough posing
ns itil ntal or iie , ch iilet l izel a number ol Ile Itulletiiu s wit
niOsses ils 'l . stitteslll .'' I is true that ine ol the wl itliesses
woi aippeared unl ist Morrissey- is Mi's. 11illilint lleaketl . It is
true tha Mirs. liea i ikey is Ithe nlilier of i l large I'allily. lntl Ilnt
three o.t' hier sns were so.tliers engaged in the lworil w.ar. 11 is
true, neea.o ling Il the allegaliiis iiide he ioe the police .. i
mission Ilii l'd\\iiiord M 'i'rrissex,. itlini'g uiiidler ite ai ittl ily
granted liitii lxt y virtue o his position ais chief ol' city dletecll
ainl a litng in the iiknowililllge that his every acit wouxid lie gIt 'eI
ithe ofT'iciul UI. K. tof the Anne la coiilituly. thievl Mli's. IleakLey
nut of the pulling place in Precin l i-If ald sedl vile language
of uipit'itable chlurn'ei' lotvnard her. It is true. an' di'illng I) tlhe
'lii ,li gs of tlhe police trial ii l o ut t tl I ia'irdl Morr''issey ini
sulted soliers ini t e uniiii'i o t' Ili le [niited Stiltes. nn Ii l Ivby
the way, that uIi n dl'i te state I icouncil il' del'elsei's laws iunstli
itlted sedition, ui l it is rue that i e tallttenitlied i ~ ih l it Mi'.
'1'oirpey because To'ltrpey kinocketd iiniit downi '.' iinsulting Itho
It is trie Ihnt Moirris.ey is aieeiisedl of' killing his i'e. 11 is
true that ill thie ciontpltlainI fil in dlistrict icourt il lilw onii
record there in the suit instituted Iby x l is. linite lliuan
Jluckeini. the sister of It e latest iMrs. Motri'issey. hat Mi'rs.
Juckem l iii kes ci iltilaiiIs lfiil. i' tirue, sholiui l. I ib all the laws
of the state and by all the lans ot cnoilnili decency. itriil
capiital punisihmiient for tie perlpetr.ol r i' or the Fietndiishi cri'iitiue
alleged. or else his imprtisonmliuiient in a peunitentiairy i i' lile.
t11 is true that hald the polie triatl boaud nailed Ito f'iiil . r'
rissey guilty o' the chalrges ias filed against l i . lt liher' eliar'ge,
of' an infinitely moril e i serious nuiturie .oiuhl lithave teeii filed
against himi. It is true. us lthat alleged iilttlrnyi iete tIreeli.
the legail fake'r, alleged., tlhaitl the tIuitleitii was initereslted iii the
tinil of Morrissey anid wiitleid him trouiil giuiltly and firedl loti
the police force. It is true ithat li alonii e tlie Iulletlii, tult
ievery itizein of the city of liltt! e xwhoi is nit tai'red witlh dipper
-iid jtlaled with omlipani y golt x'is iiiterested in the lriail ofl'
Ioi'ri ins"ey aiind the re'ou.iunendalio for hiiis i iselhairge. It is itue
1ita.I tvei xc,-iit, iv- lhiding :itize io IhIutte. o'very maiiii nil
Register Now July 18 Last
SAVE THE PRIMARYetition to egite
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKEIRS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, R.oundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS' I'NION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS---Great Falls.
TYPOGRAPII CAL UNION-Butte.
BLACKSMITHS' I'NION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORK ERS-Great Falls.
PLASTEREIS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
DREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD) CAIIR:ERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte, Portland.
METAL MIINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STERIEOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
IROTHEIIRHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHIERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION. NO. 25-Butte.
PIIIMBERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADIES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
-HOD1) CARRIERS' UNION-Helena.
BROTHERIIOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
--Tacoma, Seattle. Livingston.'
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERItS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS'. SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86--Seattle.
AND THOUSANDI)S OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
everty \\'oliil on [h t Ilieves Ihat lhe cily of lintle sh1u41 be run
wilth n1 m re 1kl'Ilke le.nss t ttl('e nl'di1url'y (ity 411 [his size.
.,v\ail.. lleo .lecioniJ of Mayort Slodldenl in) Iho Mo r'i~sov <'ase,
,.onflidled~ Ithat Iis liaonor w\ill give tho ipeople a ,.qlua' dleal and~t
wor'<ds . Hic ar.e, IEdw\ar, M .\,rrissey Ifrom his poi tiinl o' chiel'
eve1. 114no sIlle ol' e latei', b1' 11 etl 4lII .'(
iineI l In'\\ J i t ll it1' Nl,'v 141 i(n tinli (I MII i l Ce lI I lth e ol.l' c l' I
thitiiges 1.11i115t Ž44l'ri551''. \Nlii(' w~ei'e siistaiin'et [IV [le [illice
be( f'iledl w\ith~ the( Iplic~e (conunlliSSionl agallinsI lial. conv\ic~tedl
l4e1'rha s. ill eve(Il t lhe: m4y4t11 of I411' vily ftils ito ('c4n side1' thet
Ihe lWromlllings.,' f'romn lira sixlh I'loorl in l1ra Morrtissey cane. lie
tll'sl [lhe1 ' 4 ,ilizesl' , will 111 lIo1 t1 h14 \" M\lo i[ sey. idV'hie ensg'agled
inl c' olllilect i h i' t Ib uille; f'r'm l he women fi ll lih'e undo Ivrw 'l .
t111. I'iilli .l 14' \\on ()llll4 \VI I Ili l 114 111)11 ( (, II)U 11ly tlhe alm)1O1 it
;il ' vil'l'lltI 14 hlis ,,\N'l IIni4Ile iin lieu o1f [Ihe 11s l t1 cash tribulte.
Ieh' lli , Illiem e l' s 4)1 o (Ih e . oti ee , ini(i' olll iule ll ( 4il I 1'
i.11' 1i . I e ei llig .lte .ied as t IIn iu, I ,I.lber o'L i llst hices i
hlnichl 1NiiskV II . i'r vn lniilte- llas titel tll oin M i'rrissev s
hou4l lill it' Ihe .enIl lt IgI ' , l oi 1 thli in tll 11 wi tg4n4i a
,ha l v a iw 14 cil il [ '4s. It is [rll'. [l1 1 i eV lit it 14e
TIiulles 14n'4 a r5 , tltl h it til (1 (li[llliS n r hlllt .lMol41 issev ilns
:s4izedl \Nhisky ti'iii ai e I boŽ4 1444114ggel's 11111 ''51014e4 it" ill Iis
11lge il li he 1 1 1 lt l is ior', I le . ii4ll. ,r s'Iou ilI d it bee l i11 y ml'
e51 'a1'V. the . llettlle . with ' li e 115.i sl i5 l'1,re It o1he r I ecl t l citell s
II. i n tt "14 tIll's [4li '411 Iony itie n, ('1411 t r'i4ve that hM l lissev li'is
-4 il ly 441 ,' ililltlle ml1 o1 4 [lie iiiles w li ll e is Wll 1 4) 1o u i[1old41 .
hal 11111 14' his Ste[I[e41 ldaing('144Ist ctose to Triiiues [11111 Ilundel
Iinlhl i. l i4e1't' 1 ('till4l i' i nut h l44l is' ill ' nII l'I ili ilny gultl .C' l
1l'e viii/Ie' I t a.l t e t ll 'ci,4 i "io ' of \l ,Vne 4 o' hlen w'ill lie 144 (is
i\Vileink I 1'ei[l lll 4 'il.hlll s[.\\1i4-.1 u',llul 4I41e ' vi le, o [4 tnll ,[illi
h is 4 11 n111(, len.t 4 l4t' l ' Illntill.. \\'(5 l e II ll 1)Il(' \\'eill lt e ' llllt illI
Iollgh i l i l iuo t' .'4's14( e Ittill' hll is llk, " h'le,Ner' ,11ree [im.'"
\Il e I hlllIt e. all'lil. hl t ' 41 4 o1 4'e w 1' i[:l lri- the I ll ti, ' \ h I i
m I a "'44I' l 4ii( 1 Ii tlll I u l. alh1111 nl' ' ll 1 1' I tll lihe l- I Iexcel l i.I
I14' Ibt'l I .'ll lt'1 c 'i y the '14141 4 114l4 imp [l er ialist1 s \ve litlllillhe
I, pulll ('ti Il tl l 1[e f1'4.'m i-il ililti n'l l il'l;, iei s [I e I'he. p 'esidellt ex laini5 14
whlatl le monl llt Ibv ".ellf-leltermnli anil o' snma l naltio l.." "'dis
i it' . gre t esthlyn[ 4 th'l e sits'" id ' i ilttr hi "h
s \l'i e 4li ')" i '4' 14.' iha l iuti !i' i -e e'ple o 1' th ie 1ti4 1 elieve
llth 'v \\t'e n..i lly .. i n\ i ,_' i ilizulian frlo ~ti the, mll'lnce'L o1 inil
ilIt i i l:i " i 1iig'hl, u w 'll .'eS t , I 1(1 i Ill [Inla)'i' yi ' 111 1 111h41 i' l
vI vl .iu'i ai' , if 4, l5r, ,le l w ,u exl.ai. whv .e ahan
I/ tne'. a[ll his <t, lemoi.,.cilit ' 1 rolw e , a s soon a.. lle ,as ll lu
I',.l\eve ll soil. anld wvb\ hy bl e l,'.' e ai panll-\ inl the hum.is oI' lol,..d
(.eor,,.'t. ('lenient'e na nd .l tl 1,,. ,, he inte~m liona~l banlking
Bult Ihe qutestionl thal \\o111i enlll'in e n l'est Ito t'lightenin
flth ' .\Ile ien'll lpeolle-- il' Iruthfulll[) alsi.vered -..... o\' hil he lthe
qIuestionl askinlg thl rel '.ideIt'l \\ ellber het is the .,-, tea est f,,,,
\Ve believe het \\oulld have In, an\[ wr one or[ Ihe olher' linthle
S II \\' btll~ het inlenet'l.. ing~z (t! kuit.l,, .ji holy uv lil t he[ Il,' roe
e un ioln of lthe liIlt lelin stuf'l ha.- I., ,!o \ illi tihe l'ect'e l iise iln
11 <,lviner prire.-.
This column is conducted for
d 'vaitten by Bulletin readers.
51 you have any suggestions'to of
fer for the betterment of condi
tions in which the public in inter
eisted, the Bulletin offers you this
opportunity for their expression
and interchange of comment with
your neighbors and friends.
Properly to protect this Open
Forum, all communications must
be signed with the name and ad
dress of the writer, but anoniy
mous signatures will be used in
the column if requested. Address
all communications to the editor
of the Bulletin and please be.briet
and to the point.
During the past 30 days there has
been quite a bit of activity in the
brains of the state board of disease,
sometimes known as health. This
little fellow is inclined to have the
appearance cf being progrcssive,
probably in order to camlouflage t;.e
public into the belief hlie is doing
something to compensate for the
salariy and any perquisites which may
happen to pertain to his little job.
The first thing was the order, or
call, for the teachers of the state to
promptly report all cases oi con
tagious diseases. This is humorous,
because the people of this state pay
the teachers of the schools to edu
cate the children, and not Lor the
purpose of drumming up business foi
the doctors; besides it is not the
teacher's province to diagnonse dis
ease, and even if they could, there it.
no reason why they should give their
services in this direction without
adequate compensation. 'he doctors
are loath to do it, and I don't see
that they are a whit belter than the
teachers--in fact, not so good. be
caune their particular forte is to
peddle fear and thoughts of disease,
while a teacher tries to inculcate
hope and courage--in other words
progression towards those nighe:
things of life towards which all
The next thing which this little!
fellow tried to foist on the public was
ianti-typhoid inoculation. This was
done with low water as a basis to
arouse fear of typhoid. There is
noVw fortunately some data o;rtant
concerning this so-called : ophy
lactic, which it must be admitted isi
not altogether favorable to its use.
Of course, under the autocratic rule
of the state board of disease this in
formation must not be given i to the
public, as it would likely destroy tih
friendly relations existing bctween
the state board of health iso-c ailed
and the seruml manufacturers. It
would certainly be a shame to brical
ilup this unholy alliance, because King
I Profit would be so terrible offended.
If this anti-typhoid serum is such
a good preventive as lie thinks it is,!
then he better get himself a copy
of the paper signed by Col. W alter
McCaw, chief surgeon of the Ameri
can expedlitionary forces, headed,;
"Typhoid Vaccination. No Substir
tute for Sanitary Precautions." 'For
the benefit of your readers, the fol
lowing brief excerpts are made:
"During the Chateau-Thiicrry of
fensive dieulrhoeal diseases were very;
prevalent in the troops engaged-
approximately 75 per cent. It was;
demnonslratecd bacteriologicarly ii:
this area that the prevailing intes
tinal discuases were simple diarrhoeal
bacillary dyseiftary, typhoid, parsa
typhoid A and B. The sick and
woundedi from this sector were evac
uated to base hospitals in various
parts of France. Very soon there
after this office began to reccive re-!
iports of case, of typhoid, paralyphloid
and bacillary dysentary froml baise
hospitals. In practically all in:-tiances
tlie patients had been evacuatred fromi
the Chatcau-Thicrry sector... Thce
high incidence of intestinal diseases
in this sector was due to entire dis
regard of the rules of sanitation.
"A snmall but severe epidcniic oc
curred il the Join ille conccntra
tion area in D)ecember and January.
In a group of medical deplatinent
units (esvacuation and miob 'e hos
pitals and ssanitary trains) conecin
trated there 75 cases occurred with
a case death rate of aproximately 20
"Typhloid fver is increasing in the
A. E. FI.--o are the parafyphoid
In spite of the fact that no Amneri
can soldier was allowed to e:;CarI)
anti-typhoid vaccination aind the
mredical colonel is nmade to fainl back
on sabnitation i to stemi the tide of dis
caise and yet this colonel has been
so blinded by his educatnon that
later onl he advocates re-vaccination.
Of course, iml'ros d sauitacy condi
tions would have received no credit
in the evernt thie disease was istamnpedi
out, acui vaccination would be ex
tolled as the cause of it all. Miany
cases of Ipatients passed through
camp, field, evacuation and base hos
pitals without any documentary evi
dence that typhoid or paratyphoidl
Wass even suspected in thelc cases.
In not a few cases it remained foni
pathologists to 1k"p1 r- d irP..-'
the autopsy table. It looks as thougi
the imedical orctes .iltnevu , e,
diagnosis, and yet thie public take
their health information from such.
The next thing, whhich this Iilitinu
Live person, got busy on is to have I
a meeting of the Montana Public
Health association. What a dandyi
schemni this is? Included are some
of the ge-neral public who will be
expected ,to boost the doctor gamne
to the utmnost ill order that disease
among the people shall not die out.
How trtue are Puck's words in
"'lidsummner Night's D)ream." ''What
fools these ilorttals te."
How much longer is the public
going to be fooied by pr alitting
health matters to be in the hands
of the worst trust in the United
States, viz., the American Medical
association, ",hose wholet interest lies,
hi promoting and disseminating dis-'
ease amlong people in order that pro
fits shall not perish. SANITARlIST.
Political and Industrial Conditions
In Europe and the United States
(George P. WVest, the author of the folliowint article. re
cireinly retlired frolm the positionI of special assistant to Mr.
13aiil Manly, one of two joint chairmen of the United Sltaes
a\\' labor board. Prlior to that he was editor of the Public,
,Ie of lthe natio tal magazines of liberal opinion. Mr. West
is peirhIaps host tkno\\-wn for his (unniecltion witi the industrial
relations comtission, of( whickh Frtlank P. WValsh was chairman,
Ithe federal Ibody which co ed a con(ted a countiry-wide iinvestiga
ion se\veral y'ears ago, revealing a remarkable story of the con
spirlacy( of c(ap'ital againlst the workers in this country, and
Ilacing bel',re tlie nation facts regardinlg (he inlduslrial Aitua
tiotn which I')'form a hasis s all camlpalignis for a better inldus
Irial order. Ml. West was one of the chief investigators and
1oi.t tllhor of the coummission's report. Mr. West has re
'elitlyv been en gaged to write for the Bulletin, in connection
\\ith the I'Fargo Courier-News, a series of1 letters otn national,
inidrstr'ial, political and social events of great sigfictance.
New York. June :30.---(y Mail.)-
One of the marvels of New York has
been ,Frederic C. Howe's neglect at
.he hands of the grand army spies,
informers, devil-chasers, witch-burn
ers; and enraged capitalists that
sprang up to assist in making the
world safe for democracy and that
still flourishes as one of our newest
but most promising institutions.
Well, Mr. Howe's turn has come at
last, and the prospect is bright that
he will be investigated by a senate
committee for presiding at a meeting
in Madison Square Garden to demand
justice for Russia. Also it is whis
pered that he has enemies at Wash
ington who would like to haul him
before congress and find out why he
did not hang at least one alien agi
tator every morning before breakfast
-at Ellis Island, where he is com
missioner of imnmigration.
Senator King of Utah is author of
the resolution for investigating
Howe, just as he has sponsored va
rious other projects at the nat onal
capital that are favored by thlie I'tah
mine owners and the other eniight-I
ened interests of that glorious state.
It has support of Knite Nelson of
Minnesota and of Overiman of South
Carolina, Nelson asserting that no
decent American can sleep of nights
;if Ellis island, the portal of liberty.
is to be presided over by a man taint
ed with socialistic, not to say boalsh
Mr. Howe is well able to take care
of himself and neither lihe nor his
friends are worrying. But his case is
of particular interest because what
has happened to Fred Howe is such
a perfect illustration of what has
happened to the American tradition.
For \Mr. Howe is a direct descendant,
spiritually, of the men who built
here a nation that was the home of
mankind. He is an old-fashioned
liberal, of Quaker ancestry, and
through all the upheavals and dis
illusionnlents of recent years he has
kept on his coure steadfastly and
clear eyed. Even today his' eyes light
up with a simple puzzled wonderment
when anyone intimates that in presid
ing at a pro-Russian meeting or in
demanding the enforcement of con
stitutional rights he is doing any
thing out of the ordinary for an inm
portant official in the federal gov
ernment, anything that could be ex
perted to bring hliii criticism and
Mr. Howe is a young man today,
but he is almost the last of his spe
cies. He is one pof the last in pub
lic life, at least. Out over the coun
try in city and hamlet and country
side are millions of the saie tra
dition, who have kept their faith be
cause they have been spared first
hand contact with the changes in
American life. But Fred Hove has
seen it all happen without either
comlpromising hi sideals on the oiie
hand oi becoming cynical and embit
tered on the other.
In Cleveland, :Mr. Howe was a
lieutenant of 'I'Tom Johnson, a friend
of Newton D. Baker, a law partner
of the two Garfields. He met Wood
row Wilson of Princeton, and Mr.
Wilson asked him to coime to Prince
ton and become professor of political
science. So the gossip goes. Instead,
he urged that Mr. Wilson get one of
the Garfields, and the Dr. Garfield
who later became president of Wil
liains college and later fuel admin
istrator accepted the post.
It does not seem strange to Mr.
I-lowe that in spite of this background
Scott Nearing's Special Article
THOU ISHA LT NOT KILL.
War has slain her thousands; in
dustry her tenis of thousands. Wars
are spectacular, but they occur only
occasionally. Year after year, in
peace times and in war times alike
the machinery of industry maims and
New York state reports that in
the four years ending June 30, 1918,
there were 1,099,053 industrial acci
dents. Most of these accidents were
"injury cases." but 5,252 of them
were "death cses.' During these 4
"'war yetirs" the industries of New
York state alone killed more New
York citizens than did the Germans
at the front; and injured more--three
times over--than the total casualties
in the American Expeditionary For
Accident.s on steam railroads in
th. United States-for the year end
ing December 31, 1917, have just
been published by the United States
department of labor. In that one
Eugene V. Debs' Daily Message
From NEWV YORK CALL.
"The workingman who fell into
line in the last national election and
marched with the democratic party.
the party whose emblem is the
donkey, and now finds himself walk
ing the streets jobless and penniless.
must conclude that a workingman
who votes a capitalist ticket very
lie should be found today on the side
of the people, and on their side out
spokenly. It ought not to seem
strange to anyone, but it does. Call
the roll of liberals of this class and
see how many of them are either
active parties to the compromising
of democratic principles or are conm
placently silent and acquiescent.
During his service of six years
as commissioner of immigration in
New York, Howe has written and
spoken with absolute freedom. He
has been equally frank at big con
servative dinners of business and
professional people and at socialist
gatherines such as the dinner of the
Intercollegiate Socialist society, at
which he presided not many months
ago. His spirit has worked against
hard, bitter partisan lines, and on
the side of understanding and good
feeling. His attitude toward every
one has understanding and good feel
ing. His attitude toward everyone
has remained friendly. His nature
has rejected the pugnacity and the
militancy that have swept both sides
of the struggle. between democracy
and privilege. Yet he has spoken out,
until today he is a thorn in the side
of his. colleagues in the federal ad
miinistration who have surrendered
their faith in deniovracy and lent
their authority to suppressive, pro
scriptive, provocative activitics.
Now Mr. Howe is so simple-mnind
ed as to see the world settling its
problems his way. He is too keen an
observer for that, and he has spent
two months in,Europe since the ar
mistice watching things happen. He
has seen the power pass from po
litical to economic units. He has seen
the birth of the sovietas, the new
refuge of those in eastern and central
Europe who wish to make men truly
freel. He haswatched tile disheart
ening failure of political democracy
in this country, and the general
strikes in Canada. He is a good
enough democrat, he knows the
meaning of democracy sufficiently,
to feel that the future is in the hands
of the people, and that they will
work it out. But for himself he re
mains a genuine member of that rare
and almost extinct species-the
American liberal, intent on promot
ing economics through understand
ing and unable to see why any Amer
ican who cherishes the traditions of
his country can find it in his heart
to cry out for the crushing of the
new Russian experiment, the black
jacking of Mexico and the denial of
free speech and free assembly. What
do American and Americanism inean
if not a set of principles and an at
titude of mind that sees such policies
Why doesn't Howe resign? The
question is frequently asked these
days. The answer is a key to his
character and his point of view. - It
involves that warm loyalty to his
friends that refusal to believe evil
of anyone, which accounts for his
survival as a liberal in a world where
it seems as though there would soon
be only two embittered classes, pre
paring to face each other over bar
ricades. He cannot believe that Wood
row Wilson, his old friend, thinks
otherwise on fundamental issues than
himself. Their judgments may dif
for, but wait and see. To resign would
be to express lack of faith in the
man who appointed him, to adver
tise that the policies which are so
abviously American and just and
right are no longer the policies of
year, 10,087 persons were killed in
the railroads, and 194,805 were in
jured. For one industry over 200,
000 casualties in one year. These
ghastly figures are not exceptional
They are duplicated on the American
railroads, year after year.
Year after year we perpetuate this
slaughter. Year after year we crush
the bodies of men and women in the
prime of their lives. 'ear after year,
we deprive human beings of health,
strength and physical fitness through
the destructive machinery of the in
dustrial world. We tear, maim, dis
figure. kill-for what purpose? To
That speed may be a little greater;
that goods may be a little cheaper;
that profits may b_! a little larger.
Folly. Brutal, criminal folly. Against
that increased speed; against those
lowered prices; against the fatter
profits sounds the eternal challenge
-"Thou Shalt Not ciil."
properly belongs in a donkey parade.
"Socialists and socialism have been
villainously cartoooled and outrage
ously libeled on the outside covers
of capitalist publications, but not a
capitalist editor or publisher, or pa
per has ever been indicted under sec
tion 498 or under any other section
of the federal or any other law."