Newspaper Page Text
Newspaper Man Tells of Great Strike
(The Bulletin will publish daily, a
it the mails permit, the story of the tl
Winnipeg strike written by W. Ivens, n
editor of the Western Labor News ti
of Winnipeg. Below is the first in- o
BY W. IVENS.
Twenty-three small wars were in ii
progress when peace was signed at C
Versailles at the close of "The Great 1
War," so at the close of "The Great a
Strike" are there many issues in o
.many realms still unsettled.
On May 1 the strike was called a
by the building trades workers after p
their wage demands, which had been s
declared by the .employers to be t
"fair and reasonable," had been re
fused, and their building trades i
council denied recognition because
they would not accept the wage offer
'of the builders' exchange. This offerl
was 50 per cent of the increase de
They were joined within a day or
so by the metal trades workers.
whose council had been absolutely
ignored by the employers. 'Their i
strike was delayed after the date
set, owing to the advice of the ex
ecutive of the trades council that
still another effort be made with the t
employers to get recognition. They
also requested the same pay as was
then in force for similar work in the
railway shops. The wage was to go
tip or down with those in the rail
Stationary engineers were already
on strike in Swift's, G(rdon and
ironsides, et al., before the other
strikes were called.
:Two weeks later, on May 15.
when it was evident that the strike
would be lost without assistance, the
strikers asked the trades council to
call a general strike, to' assist them.
At this time several other unions
had disagreements of their own. The
ul'tiniatum of the culinary workers
expired almost coincident with the
date of the general strike. The
postal workers had grievances of 1
over a year's standing. The govern
mltnt..hd -a year ago promised im
;itediate ihyestigation and rectifica-.
tion, but nothing had been done, and,
a 'result, these men took a strike
vute. on their own behalf after the
general strike was called. The
street car workers were at that time,]
awaiting a report from a royal com
mission before taking final action.
Where the unions responded to
the call to take a sympathetic strike
vote. the result was enthusiastic and
decisive. The majority to strike
Not all unions took the vote, 'how
ever. Among such were the typog
raphers, the web pressmen, etc.
Sorhe of these" later took the vote
and,-joined the strikers. Others re
fused to the end to take the vote
and remained at work. No union
can, compel another union to strike.
About 35,000 workers in all
:struck work. Among these were
several hundred persons who, under
the present craft union system, found
no place in which they could fit.
'However, they wanted to assist the
Striikng builders, etc., and so walked
Crime Record Lowered.
. During the first six weeks of the
strike, from May 1, the police court
S'ecodrd for the city was lower than
for months previously., Some have
:hid. that this was due to the fact
thalt the police--who had voted to
st'rike, but had remained at work
ojpthe request of the trades council
= a"glected to do their duty and re
, fused to make arrests. The mani-i
feet .reply to this aspersion is theI
:f. act that the police gave the coun
eii clearly to understand that if they
'eu0eained at work 'they would carry
-out thd instructions of their chief
.: without fear or favor. The realj
reason for 'the lower crime record
was the constant appeal of the lead
ers for the keeping of perfect order
.'.-and. the added fact that the strikers
'._ espected the police and acceded to
their requests at all times.
'During the next and last two
weeks of the strike there were two
Siots. Almost no property was de
stroyed, though in the last riot one
street car was somewhat damaged.
In the last riot at least two persons
were shot to death by the mounted
There was no disorder until the
regular police were dismissed bo
--caUse they would not sign the slave
pact-a document wherein they were
"reIulred to say that they would join
'no sympathetic strike and affiliate.
with no trades and labor council,
or -other body. When these men
were replaced by 1,500 special police.
thq trouble began. These were as
sisteddby mounted police and militia
called upon by the mayor during the
racpwess of a peaceful--but prohibited
. n o,.,l .f retullnrn d anldiarn
.Iarons of Finance Organize Opposi
The night' before the general
strike was called the financial mag
nates met and.appointed themselves
as an organized opposition under the
suggestive non de plume of "The
Citizens' Committee of 1,000." It
will be noted that while the strike
committee was made up of three,
delegates elected by ballot from
eVdry union on strike, together with
five persons elected by ballot from
the delegates to the trades and labor,
council, there was no meeting of
citizens called to appoint the opposi
t.tioh to the strikers. They appointed
themselves and then claimed to rep
resent the "citizens."
These men' at once brought pres
sure' to bear upon the city council,
the provincial government and the
federal government. They also, in
". th 1r paper, "The Citizen," made the
•stqt.ement that the governments
met. tioned had adopted their policy.
1i addition, they inaugurated a!
pf a campaign, They have re
pe tedly stated that this was neces
sa~y because the strikers had sup
4pfssed'the Daily Press, while the
:tWestern Labor News was still run
. This is wholly incorrect. The
tSltern Labor News is printed on
~ F d'ays, and because the pressmen
,r~tused by resolution of their union
ito i do any printing "mentioning the
W tern Labor News by name as in
dihdW," It was nedessary to publish
Stat paper that week before the strike
;. s. called at 11 a. m. Thursday.
ST e -egp .t, .daily issue of the
a.ptern. Labor News in existence.
Sr WFriday. night~, a resolution was
.v p4'Jm. the strike committee that,
4' possible, a strike bulletin should
, Qisatep~aund the pressmen wereo
asked to assist. They agreed to do
this by voluntary labor. The com
mittee then refused to let men set
the type who had refused to come
out on strike, and it was Sunday
.morning l4efore a small two-page
sheet was finally published.
It is significant that at the morn
ing service, at the churches, "The
Citizen," organ of the committee of
1,000, was circulated. This was
simultaneous with the appearance
of the first issue of a strike bulletin.
This should forever dispel the
allusion that "The Citizen" was
published because the strikers had
suppressed the dailies in favor of
their own paper.
When "The Citizen" appeared it
revealed clearly its authorship. It
was vile. Within a few days the
dailies secured help and again ap
peared, and a Cilnmpaign of Inisre'pre
sentation, slander, villification and
libel was indulged in such as Canada
has never before witnessed. This
campaign was carried on both in
Canada, the U. S. A. and in Britain.
Full page advertisements, signed Iby
the committee of 1.000. attacked the
strike leaders personally and openly
charged them with revolutionary mto
Strike I.wders Arrested.
When the press campaign did not
succeed of itself in crushing 1th
strike; when it was evident that the
workers could not be divided from
the leaders whom they by vote had
elected, and when they were not
starved out in two weeks, or in three
weeks, as had been predicted, then
othler and sterner methods had to be
adopted. So, as a last desperate re
sort, sonme half dozen of the leaders
were torn from their beds in the
middlet of the night by order of the
government, through the instigation
of A. J. Andrews., chief spokesman
of the committee of 1,000, arrested
and rushed into the penitentiary
It would never do for the com
mittee of 1,000 to have it thought
that. these arrests were made to
crush the strike, so a. charge of
seditious conspiracy was trumped u11p
against, a number of men and, to
i make it !ook right, a number of
''"aliens" were included in the charge.
It is a fact that some of these mnct
had never seen or heard of each other
before the arrests; it is also true
that the authorities had no vestige
of evidence against the men ar
rested, and so had to search their
I homes, and, when no evidence was
secured there, was compelled to
search the whole dominion for sup
posed evidence, but those things mtat
tered not. 'rhe leaders had to te.
got out of the way so tlat the rest,
might become terrified and the strike
Just how flimsy was the pretense
I is proven in one case at least by the
fact that Pte. "1. Vtareuchuk, one of
the mnen. arrested, has already botcn
released without any charge being
r laid, after spending three weeks in
The sordid story of the attempted
deportation of these men without ihe
formality of a proper trial will live
long in the annals of Canatdilan hi
tory. It is without a peer.
The strike had been mtisrepr.,
sented as a revolution. The woril
ers had attempted tc o establish a
soviet. Ivens had proclahimed a dic
tatorshi)p and had said the seat of
government had been reimoved frl'Ollt
the cily hall to the labor temple.
R obinson . -- alias R ubinstein - ... tad [
also made revolutionary statenlentsl.
There was a "Rled Five" thalt '-aite
intriguing for the overthrow of tll
state. Sucth were some oI the ii(
cusations, This threatened reign of
terror needed drastic handling. Yet
it must be done circumslpectly or the
people might really rebel and there
would he ia real. instead of anll imnag
iriary, rebellion, so the 1,000 had to
If these English and Scotch agita
tors could he deported, the whole
industrial probleml of the doltinioti
would be solved. But the snag was
how to deport persons w\\ho w\'e
Clearly, it had to be done undller
the immigration act. Itu1 at pres
ent this was ilpossible, and only
two days before the act had ,beeni
amended and was now out of tht
way. It could be re-amended onl I
by ulnanimlous consetnt of t eihe houise
This would be illlpossible if thIe
nmembel'rs understood what was ainled
at, so an innocent looking; altend
ntent had to be conceived that woutl
be equal to the demand. 'This was;
ready to hand, and the ihing was al
mlost done, when a member of tile
house almost "spilled the beans" by
asking in his innocent way what
bearing these new amendmentt s had
on the Winnipeg strike situation.
The bland answer was that they thad
no hearing whatever on the strike
situation, and, good mlan that he
was, he was satisfied.
Sufficient to say that under the
amendments it is now ipossible fol
British born persons to be tried
under the ate in secret, without the
accused being present at the inquiry.
the press and the public can Ihe ex
cluded, there is no real coulirt. Ino
trial by jury, and no appeal to. ian
jutdge or court in the land. Only an
alppeal to the minister of justice
and he, by the way, is the prosecutor
He appoints the committee to tr.
the case. So the appeal is a farce.
The strike leaders were told at
Stony Mountain penitentiary by A
J. Andrews, chief spokesman for the
committee of 1,000 --now madei
deputy minister of justice for tlht
purpose of prosecuting the strilut
leaders-that they would be tried
under the ilirnmieration act anlld would
be deported if the inquiry committie
The committee of the strikers wa:.
given similar information by .\Ir.
Andrews, Senator Hohertson and
i Furtllhermlore, these cmen were, ill
the penitentiary, shaved early on thti
, following morning, or the next tmorll
Sing but once, for the purpose of ap
pearing before this deportation cons
Then a cog must have slipped, for
the immigration committee dropped
out of sight. It is evident that tlt
governmlent had got a had scai'e fromi
some source. It had changed its
mind. The deportation proceeding
was dropped for the present. They
are to be again taken up if thest
men are proven guilty at their trials
(To Be Contipued.)
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Every ody Welcome WIFE OF HA8 J OO I
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WIFE F THOAS J.MOONE
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ARTHUR BONELLA, clown with Hagenbeck-Wallace Shows
Half a hundred clowns frot
fiirthland's fertile field harve h,
isseabletit this: seiion by thelt na1
i.genlent 'of Ihe 1lagenbeck-W\allar
:tilrus which hointes to uittle Fridtla
.\ig 1i. for perfornoin(es at 2 an
Sp1. i. and ia two-mile long stroe
tarad.e at 10) o'ctlolk in the inornint
Oni of tlhe most interesting c
he.;t " cl\ns is Arthur IHoellt
known tihe world o\ver as the "Iere'
.1e" ,lown. This is Borella's trail
lmart anlld for ) Voea'rs it has tbee
his sIoga.in and hl word. WihientOve
he t llppeare u o the hippodromn traIc
i't s houts theset wordls. Little tot
k now himt for he has inveigled chee
titnd hilpplill.-s ilt the h arts of mi
ions of ihetii.
BeneOit lRu Ila's tlltae-tupll of vcI
million and \l:ile there is a sobs
facIe that onl a down-town street coe
ner onte v.outil Iick for a banker c
)ttiness lltn. t11hI diresses neatl
ind there is an air I' polish an
'letring in hii ;ietllnes= w. hich stand
in vivid ntlitralst to Itllh foolishl
funny fellow who eIvotis in the bi
trena tnllt worlking the flap-sticke
Indl iakina i 'ir a cr· cktler do thei
lull duy r
- r. rella isir the origin;tof o
1 anry clown noveltiea. Hie is the
first pe])(r1'on to introduce sucessfully
baseball l)ntlontine, and it was lihe
who conlcei\ed the idea of hlaving a
uoose follw hin about the track
on a supposedtly trip to the frontiet
as a soldier. This season Borella
has a burlesque which he -Calls
"Chicken" a nd it promises to break
all records as a laugh dispenser and
a gi rouch c.hastr.
Arthur lorellha is the highest-paid
clown in the world. His salary is
$600 per \\wekl and all exipenses.
( Only once in all the history of circus
Vwas this elipsed and this wais' by
Ihe i olllirtal I)an I ice, who once
recei\ed ia salary of $1.000 per week.
Bulletin Want Ads Get
Result. Phone 52.
SClassic Chili Parlor,
210 N. Main St.
CHILI, LIGHT LUNCHES'
THE BEST WAFFLES IN TOWN
Open Day and Night
.. . .. ..... .V . -... - ..
Portland, . Ore., July -26.----An
nouncinent has been made here that
the Marshall-Wells Hardware com
pany will reach out over the Sout'h
Seas for business. C. G. Keers, rep
resenting the company, will leave San
Francisco Monday for Sydney to open
a foreign deplarltment there.
Portland. July 26.-Despite the
fact that Oregon voters favored is
suance of $2,500,000 in bonds for the
building of the Roosevelt highway,
the outlook for the highway is all
A delegation returning from Wash
ington announced it was informed
the federal government cannot, with
out a special act, appropriate a like
amount and maintain the road. Fed
eral funds low can only he used for
post and forest roads. W\ithout fed
Sral aid the road cannot go through.
Pendleton, Ore., July 26.---The
;highway planned to connect Pendle
ton with The Dalles will all be un
der contract within a week, it is
hoped here. The state highway com
mission will consider bids Aug. 5.
Eugene, Ore., July 26.--"If the
wishes of the Italians had been grant
ed in all respects, their demands
would have amounted to a second
Austrian ultimatum," accordihg tc
Prof. Frederick S. Dunn, formerly of
the Latin department of the Univer
sity of Oregon.
Dunn, who was with the Y. M. C.
A. service attached to the Italian
army, has returned after an absence
of a year.
The Italian people were very bitter
against President Wilson when he
thwarted them regarding Finme, said
SDunn. He praised the Italian sol
Italy, he said, is dependent upon
America for food and supplies.
3s STUDY) LAW.
The first semester of the Silver
SBow Law school will open on Sept
8, 1919. It will be to your advan
tage to register on or before that
J. G. DENNY,
1 Room 294, Silver Bow Block.
k Bulletin Want Ads Get
lI Result. Phone 52.
ON THE JOB
Some men shirk
From sun to sun
The collector's work
-.; I always dun.
-i Is alwalys dun.
Lace Mitts; Bracelets
. ,. m ill o III' n. So ld, i and - ' i : iit"
igin ) lh I hl an g l o(I\
\W\' welcome yol \wilh open arms,.
(UM ill 1I g'l] ve,. ",\'we . y.
By MARGAR ET ROHE.
(Written for The United Press.)
New York, July 25.--Madale I.
Ilode has thrown down the ganntle
In PIarIis they are going in, or pel
haps. I should say conting on u, stron
for hare arms, as well as b)are leg
With lier skirts nearly upl) to he
stockingless knees a11nd her sleeve
nearly up to her glovcless shoulder
the petite Parisienne is a bare-face
advocate of extreme decolette. Slt
is caught hare-handed at the moe
fashionable of functions. She h1
said "Off with the gloves." and thei
is no kidding about il---not even iu
On the other hand, though Amer
can fashijon has always been han
in glov"e with Parisian mode, we wi
show our more conservative tender
cies by stripping off our gloves, it
true, hut not stripping our arms ei
tirely. We treat our arms as we (1
our nether limbs and wear thler
not bare this season, but barely coc
ered in lace mitts as sheer and opei
work as our hosiery.
Lace mitts, like grandma used I
wear when grandpa took her to trea
a stately minuet, will now be donne
by granddaughter when some gran(
son takes her to a jazz-accompanie
On black or white silk lace or re:
lace these old style mitts are real]
lovely and fitting accessories to tl
new old-fashioned frocks of organd.
and taffeta, topped off with a flopl
Romney leghorn or a conquettic
Kate Greenaway bonnet.
Omit the mitts and quaint writ
bows of narrow black velvet ribbe
or heaps of bracelets do their bit I
clothe an otherwise nude arm.
It was only to be expected tht
bracelets should return to favor whe
the short sleeve appeared. Dan
Fashion had them lup her sleeve a
the tine, bmtt they only came to-tli
sartoi'ial surface when her sleeve
were shorn. Now where glove mal
ers repine, jewelers rejoice. The
hasten to comply with alacrity an
with the novelties when lovely wor
en holds out supDlicating arms pleat
-- \ f n , 1nnr1l 1with vnlrl nnrl von
ing tO De oIUtiautu WILt gum nu genm- og x Xuu L L nry oUa A r Vur uj'a.
"FIRST PRIZE" MILK
is the kind we deliver to our cus
tomers the year round. Every
day with us ia exhibition day and
every one of our cows is a "prize
cow." For fear you may think
.r." this is boasting, just order our
bottled milk to be sent to you
regularly and see if our claim is
I not justified. All of our cows are
kept in a prime, healthy condition
/ and their milk is always of a high
The Crystal Creamery
450 E. Park St. Phone 181
.a incrusted shackles-not overlooking
t. a platinum shackle or two by way
- of diversity.
ig Old fashined wide bracelets of onyx
s and jet are stunning with fluffy sum
Sme dresses and the carved' ecral
and cameo bracelets of long ago, are
s' greatly in dlemand.
Our right hand may not know
to what our left hand is doing, but our
st ears and neck seem to: know. 'For
Is even as we lenid a hand to make the
e bracelet fashionably secure, it ,fol
- lows that we must lend an ear or
two from which to dangle matching
i- old fashioned earrings of onyx, jet,
id coral or camdo -to go with fliti brace
II lets. *
"- Bare throats then stretch out for
ii their~share of spoil and must needs
- complete the set with lockets of
1o cameo, coral,: jet, or onyx, swaying
n, on a lengtih of narrow black velvet
v- or grosgrain ribbon.
a- And for all this the peeling off, or
repealing of the glove, is answerable.
to Not content with a remittance' of
id mitts,, the bracelets are.snapped on
sd our wrists and it 'ends, as usual, by
- I our getting it in the fashionable neck.
SMANY NEW FRES
)iy AI ESP1ffINN NClP
st (Special United Press Wire.)
>n Missoula, July 26.-The fires in
to Gold creek, Lolo forest,' Startz
creek and Missoula forest are
t spreading in an alarming maibner,
ie according to the latest re'ports. There
illis a new 150-acre fire on' VWyan
creek, endangering the ranchedr on
as a four-mile front. Fires are runising
k- in a serious manner. The B~tter
ty Root has three bad fires, one 'new
id one, all spreading fast. St. Joe:and
,_- Blackfoot each have eight new tires.