Newspaper Page Text
port N Tews
GOSSIP £ NOTES
STANOINGS OF THE CLUBS
Won. Lost. Pet.
New York ............. 53 24 .6S8
Cincinnati ............ 55 27 .671
Chicago ............. 46 36 .561
Brooklyn .......---..-- .. 41 41 .500
Pittsurg 40 43 .482
Boston ............ . 30 4 .385
St. Louis ......... 30 50 .375
Philadelphia ..--. ... 26 52 .333
Wou. Lost. Pet.
Chicago .............55 31 .640
Cleveland ......... .. 49 37 .570
Detroit .. ... ... . 48 37 .565
New York ....... 46 37 .554
St. Louis ..... .. 45 39 .536
Boston ................. 37 46 .446
:Washington ......... 37 51 .420
Philadelphia .-....--- 22 61 .265
Won. Lost.. Pet.
St. Paul ................. 52 33 .612
Indianapolis .......... 50 36 .581
Louisville ............... 49 40 .551
Columbus ...4.~........ 44 41 .518
Kansas City ............ 42 43 .494
Minneapolis ............ 42 45 .483
Milwaukee .............. 35 54 .393
Toledo ................... 33 55 .375
Won. Lost. Pet.
Vernon ............... 64 43 .598
Los Angeles ..... .... 63 45 .583
Salt Lake .............. 55 .46 .545
San Francisco ........ 5S 50 .5371
Sacramento .-........ 48 51 .471
Portland ............... 46 57 .447
Oakland ...... ..... 48 60 .444
Seattle .............. 37 64 .366
New York, 7; Brooklyn, 4.
Boston, 5; Philadelphia, 3.
Pittsburg, 7; Cincinnati, 8.
New York, 1; Boston, 5.
Minneapolis, 4; Louisville, 5.
Kansas City, 2; Indianapolis, 6.
Milwaukee, 4; Toledo, 6.
St. Paul- Columbus game played
Senator Walsh Says Article
Two of League Covenant
Affords Opportunity for
the Irish People.
(Special United Press Wire.)
Washington, July 29.--The senate
has resumed debate with W\alsh dis
cussing Irish freedom, the Shantung
question and article ten. The dis
cussion of. reservations continues to
be the most absorbing feature of
cloakroom talk. Indications .re that
after all voluntary reservations of
the drafters have been heard from,
Lodge, Knox and other leading re-;
publicans will draw up a set of reso
Charging the British government
with barbarous oppression of thei
Irish people, Senator Walsh in a
speech in the senate, declared thati
Ireland's hope for freedom lies in!,
the league of nations. "We earned
the right to say to England." the
senator said, "that her treatment of
Ireland is a constant menace to the !
amity which we are desirous of pre
serving unimpaired between the two i
But if England proves deaf to.
American advice, article two of the
league covenant would afford Ire
land an opportunity of either direct
ly or through a friendly power, to
bring her claims to the attention of
the league. Walsh maintained that
article two refers to any war or
threat of war.
Walsh denied that article ten
would stifle Ireland's nationalist im-u
pulses by preventing revolution. iHe
quoted Irish history, however, to
show how futile Ireland's hopes
through revolution have proved.
Discussing the effect of article ten
on the rights of submerged peoples
to win freedom, Walsh declared the
right of revolution is guaranteed by
the article and is not denied asl
charged by league opponents.
He said article ten is the ex
pression of a universal feeling that
no part of the earth should be vexed
THE CAPITAL RECOGNIZES
$16.50 AS LOWEST WAGE
Washington, July 29.--A mini
mum wage of $16.50 a week will be
'paid to all employes of private mer
cantile esablishments in the district,
according to a decision reached by
local business men this week. It is
admitted that a person cannot be sup
ported properly on less.
This is a far cry from the howl
that went up from employers a few
years ago, when Lieutenant Govern
or O'Hara of Illinois suggested that
shop girls in Chicago ought to re
ceive at least $8 a weeks to remove
them from the "temptations" of im
Sixteen dollars will not buy very
much more today than $8 would buy
in 1910, but we have at last an ad
mission that the "commodity" of
labor possesses certain human at
MAY I NOT
* * * suggest that the allies give the
kaiser a fair trial by arranging a
match for him with Jack Dempsey?
Much of the Cincinnati Reds' suc
cess is dtue to the remarkable pitch- it
ing of Dutch Reuther, a young left- d
hander. Reuther first made his tl
appearance with the Chicago Cubs P
two years ago, but was released be- ri
cause he lacked confidence and con- a
trol. Matty, as leader of the Reds a
tried to improve him last year, but, t
failed for the same reason. Moran.
however, has labored patiently with d
Reuther ever since the spring train
ing trip last Marcl:, with the result T
that the youngster now can put the d
hall through a knothole. Reuther is r
powerfully built and has a fast ball o
which is winning most of his games. c
W'hatever gossip you may hear
about either major league, you'll
find Philadelphia at the bottom of it.
There are people who can't get
Dempsey yet. Some think that he
was lucky and point to his battles
against Miske and Al1ehan as proof.
True, he did fight Meehan six
times and lost twice, but that doesn't
say that Meehan should be dec'ared
champ. Dempsey and Meehan may
meet some day. Meehan is strong
for the chance, as he has Jack's goat.
We thought when Turner was re
leased by Cleveland. that he was out
iof major league baseball, and his
signing with Philadelphia confirms it.
It's all in the way one looks at it,
or simply another case of seeing our
selves as others do. A noted south
paw golfer, used to getting round the
course in low figures, started out
one day, but seemed unable to get
going. After a particularly bad at
tempt, he asked his caddie what was
1 wrong with his game, whereupon the
caddie shook his head ruefully and
said: "You've got me, boss; but it
seems to me that you have been
standing on the wrong side of your
American league fans are sounding
the praise of Steve O'Neill, the star
backstop of the Cleveland Indians.
Steve is doing the bulk of the catch
ing for the Indians, keeping Chet
Thomas and Leslie Nunamaker on
the bench. His mechanical work is
faultless, and his brainy play and
hard, timely hitting easily will him
the place of first string catcher. Chet
Thomas, incidentally, is about. as
good a catcher as one will find in
a day's travel around baseball circles.
O'Neill, it would seem, is supplant
ing Ray Schalk ill the heart of the
Gambling Must Go:
President Comiskey of the Chi
cago White Sox has started a vigor
t ous crusade against the baseball
r gamblers at his park. In taking this
step the owner of the White Sox is
hacking up the n'stional commission,
which for several years has been try
ing to stamp out a dangerous evil.
It is understood that the commission
is gathering evidence in other cities
where betting on the ball games is
g carried on openly, and that next win
- t'er there will be a showdown.
o The selling of baseball pools all
if over the country has grown to enor
I, mous proportions, but the national
if commission can do nothing except to
I, ask the proper authorities to prose
- cute the pool sellers. Betting inside
>- the parks, however, can be stopped
by the club owners and they alone
t must be held responsible.
t' Joe Beckett, the heavyweight
n champion of England, and Georges
d Carpentier, the idol of France, have
e been mentioned of late as possible
,f opponents of Jack Dempsey. In
I England. Beckett is hailed as a won
i der, and the low rating he has been
o given here is based on the fact that
Bombardier Wells, also highly
a thought of in Englanu, proved a
Sbloomer here. Beckett has slugged
his way to the top of the heap in
England and is entitled to serious
Sconsideration for the world's cham
sf pionship. The only man to prove
that he is not is Dempsey. Carpen
tltier has been beaten by second rate
r American boxers and on past per
;formances does not figure to beat or
' even hold his own with Dempsey, yet
li he is a skillful boxer and would prob
Le ably make a better showing than a
7o majority of Dempsey's other rivals
.s for the crown.
. ... I
COURT IN SEATTLE
(By United Press.)
Seattle, July 29.-Puget Sound
had its inning before the interstate
commerce commission here today
when three comnlissioners who came:
from Portland opened their court.
In addition to witnesses represent
ing Seattle, Tacoma and Everett.
Spokane will have its inning here.
Spokane comes in as a "friendly
neutral," ready to profit by any low
er rates that result from the hear
ing of the Columbia basin case.
Arguments probably will not be
made here. The commissioners are
expected to take the evidence to
Washington and to announce later a
date for arguments.
In this case Portland and Van
Icouver, Wash., are seeking to get
freight rates lower than those al
lowed Puget Sound ports and Astoria.
Portland's argument is that it is
nearer the Inland Empire than
SPuget Sound or Astoria, and that it
should profit by the water grade
route, as against the mountain hauls
leading into Seattle and Tacoma.
Bulletin Want Ads tGt
Results. Phone 52.
REPORT OF OENS
Dictaphone Record Shows
Prosecutor Was in League
With "Jury Fixers."
Whole Case a Conspiracy.
Washington, July 29. Charges of
injustices done Thomas .1. Mooney
during his trial at San Francisco on
the charge of homb throwing at a
preparedness parade are made in the
report of John i. Densmore, special
agent of the department of labor,
who made a secret investigation of
the case for the government.
Densmore points to several inci
dents as indicating the trial was a
"ftame-up" to discredit union labor.
The report was sent to the house to
day by Secretary of Labor Wilson in
response to requests for information
on the case by a house resolution re
"The plain truth," says Dens
more in his report, which is
dated Nov. 1. 1918. "is that
there is nothing about the case
to produce a feeling of confi
dence that the dignity and
majesty of the law have been up
"There is nowhere anything
resembling consistency, the
effect being that of patchwork of
incongruous makeshifts and
often of desperate expediency."
The report indicates that Dens
more for several months had a die
taphone in the office aof Charles M1.
t Fickert, San Francisco district at
torney, and obtained much of his in
formation in that nmanner.
"The reading of the testimony in
the case is apt to cause one to won
der at many things," the report says.
No Real Probe Made.
The report then enumerates the
following objections to methods used
at the trial:
"The apparent failure of the
district attorney's office to con
duct a real investigation at the
scene of the crime; the easy
adaptability of some of the star
witnesses; the irregular methods
pursued by the prosecution in
identitying various defendants;
the sorry type of men and wom
en brought forward to prove
essential matters of facts in a
case of gravest importance; the
seeming inefficacy of a well
established alibi; the sangfroid
with which the prosecution occa
sionally adopted an untenable
theory and then changed to an
other not quite so preposterous;
the refusal of the public prose
cutor to call witnesses who ac
tually saw the falling of the
"In short, the general flimsiness
and improbability of the testimony
adduced, together with a total ah
sence of anything that looks like a
genuine effort to arrive at the facts
in the case.
"These things are calculated to
cause in the minds of the most blase
a decided mental rebellion."
Chief W'itness a Perjurer.
The report declares the testimony
of Frank G. Oxman, star prosecution
witness, was proven perjury and that
the presiding judge at the trial and
the attorney general of the state
asked a new trial for Mooney. Fick
ert, who had previously agreed to the
new trial, Densmore said, then
changed and refused to agree to it.
Of this, the Densmore report says:
"There are excellent grounds for
the belief that the prosecuting attor
ney's sudden change of attitude was
prompted by emissaries from some of
the corporate interests most bitterly
opposed to union labor. Fickert's
efforts henceforth were directed at
a. clumsy attempt to whitewash Ox
man and justify his own motives and
Dictaphone U(sed on Fic'kert.
At the end of the report were
more than 100 closely typewritlten
pages of conversations of Fickert
said to have been obtained through
the dictaphone placed in his office
Two or more persons heard all the
records of conversation offered, the
The placing of the dictaphone in
the office was a mo;t difficult task,
Densmore said, as the office was
heavily guarded all the time.
He did not state just how it was
In l ague With Criminals.
The record established three al
leged facts bearing upon the qutes
tion of whether Mooney had a fair
tial, Densmote said. These, hlie as
"First---That Fickert is in: con
stant association with men and in
terests of such a nature as to render
it incredible that he should either
be impartial or honest in the con
ducting of a case of this nature. That
he has been for some time co-operat
ing with notorious jury and case
"Second---That Fickert and his as
sociates have within the past month
framed and conspired to frame cases
with'which it was his duty to deal
"Third--That Fickert and his as
sociates conspired to fabricate evi
Sdence with which to convict Mrs.
.\looney, and to this end they have
attempted in the grossest manner to
i intimidate and blackmail a prospec
e tive woman.
01 Tool of Big Interests.
a ""t was charged by the Mooney
'defendants, with considerable plausi
1- lility, tlhat Fickert was the creature
I and tool of these powerful interests,
- chief among which were the Chan
Sibhr of Commerce and the principal
5' - ____-
; ANACONDA STAGE
Leaves Anaconda every evening
in arrival of train from Butte at
R I n m., arriving at Philipsburg
at 7:30 p. m. W. BELLM, Prop
public service utilities o' Sun Fran
cisco," he report said.
It would be "incomlpatible with
public interest" to give congress de
tails of Densmore's activities in in
vestigating the Mlooney case on the
Pacific coast, Secretary of labhor W\il-I
son reported to the house ill respnse
to a resolution by Ilc rosentattive
Blanton, Texas, asking fIr an item
ized account of Densitoric', s expelldi
tures and other details. I)'tiutllltO'e
formerly was solicitor for the labor
BeDcame World Proble.),
Secretary Wilson's ('unllnlil' tion '
"In September, 1917. the ease of i
Thomas J. Mloonely hld ibttOm|( nI I
only a criminal case, biut at intltern
tional and a labor case. D)ilona tic
correspondence indicated lhat the 1
Mooney case was beitl uosed ill fi'
eign countries, particularly i inll te.
sia, as a mieans oif destltroy(til Inho
friendly relations existing bi wo, 'I
this people and the people of Rustsi
and was affecting the contuct of ilihe
war. Labor strikes werlce Ialting plice
or were threatened l aa t lleatl of !
influencing the judliiial antl exetcu
tive authorities. therby dislturbinp
the industrial sit cu li l thrlolughouti
"At that time Johln Ht. I)onllettslOr
Swas the solicitor of the dIeliarllclitnl'
Sof labor and was cilngaged in itrun
n.ing down criminal ctases connecttloed
with the inimnigration service ill Silnl,
"1 instructed Mlr. I)enismore to igot
any additional info'rmation 1hlit
might be of vallie in securing a 1'1111'
understanding of the case. 'Tw'i it-t
mtigration inspectors assigned to hiiti
were used for thalt purplose. T'lhey
worked in co-operation with Ith de
pariment of justice.
Wilson Shielded Fickert.
Clues of "alien aunrchists" still be
ing followed are expected to lead tol
the Mooney case, Wilson stated, but
secrecy must be maintailned for the
iresent. Secretary Wilson said he
refused to direct Densmore to appea])rl
before the San Francisco grand jury
because Fickert, legal adviser to the'
grand jury, was "reflected upon Iby
thlie Densmore report." '
Dellsnlore's connectionl with theI
Mooney case caused no addtlional
expense to the governmellnt, W\ilson
JAPAN TO SEND FILMS
(l3y Inited Press. )
Tokio.--(By Alail.)---Enter lhe
exchange movie film in the list of
"exchanges" for the lpromlotion of
international good feeling, along with
exchanlge 1'professors andt exchainge
students. alany of thle Jalpanese be
lieve that movie fanls in Almerlica alre
not fairly treated in the way of pic
uires of Japan, land a plan has been
adopted to see thlat Amlericlanis iare
given opportunities to gaze upon the
real thing in pictures of that flowery
According to Tatsnlo Ioshlino of
the Imperial Education society, the
departments of education andlli of
agicullture and cOlclllnmrcrce will now
altend to the niliking of films and
exchanging them fir the genuine
Amerlican product, selected fIrom cll :tl
Gs aloglues of hundreds of titles.
I- Bulletin Boosters should patronize
a Biulletin advertisers.
BUTTE ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO.
1HE FOLLOWING ORDER WAS ISSUED BY THE
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION ON JULY 23, 1919
IT IS THE:REFORE ORDERE:D that the application of the Butte Electric Railway company for increased rates
and fares and for permission to file and publish the same be, and the same is hereby, granted, and that said rates
and fares shall provide for a cash fare on all lines within and without the city (save and except the Columbia
Gardens line, where a ten-cent fare is now charged, which said rate will not be modified) of seven cents (7c),
with transfer privileges, for all persons except children and mail carriers on duty (who shall be carried at the
rate of two and one-half cents, as heretofore), and, in lieu of the seven-cent cash rate, tickets shall be sold in
blocks of four, or any multiple thereof, at the rate of six and one-fourth cents (6/4c) per ticket, which said
ticket shall entitle passengers to all the priveleges of a seven-cent cash fare.
I I . . . . . . . ..
()UI 1i'NCIN( I \.\I)AY . I. . Iar; e ,ii ill li]h es. ix'c('elI (c llu iuit (aio'nIs, h \\ill Ie se\e, i (,e.is Te) ( cuuli,
IoI -ix a li Ione-fauuiii t . (( \i i) \\'hi(I tiiki l as ule.it.
Ti'ki el r le for( it lild i e ll hiiall,' I \\('lVe \ear II 12) 1 a xe will r,,t i i a al seuli, 2;. liik.eIs iii lilly ueuIub
(5(h). C .shi fare fa. all ,iildl,(u xxiii hI -exiu alls f Tl.)
11a1 hiekeits 111i sav( nurey, l it')"1.)( iwill ii I(.i i'tels. Sixic elo i t ) iiles, pavi n - jai. , xi ii will ya. 1 st u ~1.1: .
I~~ I I II I
STREET CAR TICKETS
Are now on sale at all of the Lutey Brothers' stores and at the following places:
Iliill el El ('l(.r i( l-ail. . . . . . c u.n w.i.u.g \ i. . ... . . - l bl M aiii St1.
\Valkeru illh , lier, ulull "i i , - . . . . . . .r M aiiui tliu lily Mis.
M1nuidervill .1)rg ,iip ly x .5 aiuu SI., Meadervillo
t Learyi) iii (iriu i " . ..1...7 Taihal Ave.
. ,. He ias i tio. ' S... rrio Ave.
''. J. leiliueltls & I,...... (cl lrville
[ iiiled Cigar Stlue' .... . . \\ k SI. nail 3 i3. N. Main
lIeii ot I iiug niiilax .823 . ail E Frolil SI.
I.il(r o'. (rl'a e('el'is il lH'il .I....................
v (;IliiCI' t(:ollrl'O.'l ili('t'i' " ('.lli lli $" -I .......~............. ........................ I }- Y . ii'( 1
I I'ii ltV '. S i illiatu . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . Iiia i l li i I \ hi l ali i
SI'. x 'li & 1twike ller liri (I t ... . . NI t h MN I I \ .
Scliillinjug Cig.ar ll'' .... N ii Miii S.
1 Fair i ril (o il ill . ... . m ul A rizoniial 1s.
. ljiiilit i (_ili r 7 .t1uu .. .. . ... . . .. .. . . .. ... .. . .. . . .... .. . .Il 'ii ri I~iil \1i~ M ii i .
They will be sold in bunches of four (4) for twenty-five cents (25c).
Rate Effective August 1, 1919 i. R. WHARTON, Manager
AIDS DROUTH VICTIMS
J. H. Sinclair Fathers Bill
Providing Federal Seed
and Feed Loans.
Washington, D. C., July 29. J. II.
Sinclair, Nonpartisan league con-i
grosslman from North Dakota. has
introduced a bill providing federal;
aid for farmers in the droulth areas
of Montana and neighborilg states.
Thousands of farmers in the rain
less territory have lost not only their
grain but will lost their slick unless:l .
alidl is forthcoming, for lthir ownl
regulllr bank credit has 11been ex
1hausted by the calamity.
Representative Sinclair. who is a
North Dakota farmer getting his en
tire living until elect.ed to congress
from the soil, knlows ibetter than most
conlgl lelssmen what. drolth conditions
woIuld ll1i eanl to the farmerll. lanl d the
advoctoes federal alid to t1 111 llamolun
of $ ,000,I(000 ill the folr' of seed
graill and feed for stock.
A Loimit of $5.00.
Advances up to $500 lo Ian one1
I farlm1er1 shoull d take tile forui (of loans:
I with th1 llOXt crop as srcerity. Sill-.
clair would th111us have the g)overnll
I i1menll taki solme of the iisk which the
tfarmerslll'. a1re unable to (Iear aIl1one and
for which thevy lare ill 11o way reslpon
i A par1 of North D)akota is expleri
Y 0lncilng drouth, bult the probll lll thei1 r(
- is not so acute becauslle Of 1the c(ounty'
bonding nct to aid drouth farmers
andl becaus the new state ,nl.11 wi ill
he able to make unusual credit avail
lable t(o tlhe droutl h sections. lIl'nellrs
iln Clont a., yoning and Solth
I Iota, whichl do not halve this )pro
f fgressive legislation, nlust lok to IIthe
Sfederalll governmell ntl for iany 'relief.
Text of thse l ill.
'i sThe full text of the Sinc'lair bill
v IcOads ls follows:
i "e it enacted Iby the sonnte and
"1e houset of re1relsentatives of t1he
I lunited States of Almericn, in conigress
Siasseu1ll ed(l , tliat the secretary of
agriculture. is hlereby autlllhorized, for
ithe crop of 1920, o t e mke advances
of loans to farlllers anid stockmllen illC
IUnite.d Sates, wheroe he shall find
special need for sllch assistance ex
ists, for the purchase of wheat, oalts
1! I1(11 barlel]y for seedl rIi oses, f anIel of
of feed for livestock, or, when ilecessary,
1f to 0 procure such feed anld seed llnd
lh sell same to such farmers. Sucll' h a'ld
tII vancs, loans or sales shall be i alt dll
11- upon1 suh terms and conditions and
re sulbject to such reglllations as lthe
C- secretary of agriculture shall pre
nD sc(ribe, includling an agreement by
re each farmer to use the seed anllld feed
v thus obtained by hiln for the plrodue
ry tion of grain. A first lien on the
jcrop to be p]roduced frl'om seed ol
of tained through aI loan, atldvance or
le sale made unllldPer this section s5hall, ill
orf the dliscretio of the secretary of
w agl'icultllure, he de.llnmed sutfficient so
Id culleity thelreforl'. The total amount
ne; of such advanc.s, loans or sales to
I-- tiny one farmerl' or stockmanlll shal,
not exceed the sumn of $500. All
suclh advances or loanlls shnll be lmade
z t'hroullgh such Iagencies as thle sec're
tary of agriculture shall designate.
For carrying out of the purposes of b
this section there is hereby appro- S
priatedl, out of any moneys in the a
treasury not otherwise appropriated, ii
the sum of $5,000.000, available im- n
"That any person who shall know- b
ingly smake any false representation g
for the purpose of obtaining an ad- a
vance, loan or sale under this act, C
shall, upon conviction thereof, be I
punished by a fine of not exceeding i
$1.0i00 or by imprisonmnent not ex-i C
ceding six months, or both." s
CLEANING UP SPHKANE
Spnekane, Wash., July 29.-Stories
of girls strolling about in pink pa-:
jtinias ant( excepts fromn salacious
lelters adided zest to the a batenment
trial here today involving the Betryl
''The fact that thie evitlence was
piroluced by a formler Presbyterian;
miilnister and a manual training in-t
slructor, who visited the alleged
liouse of ill fameo as self-appointed
I invesligators. detracted noti hing from s
A. F. lMond, Ihe inslructor, told
ill tdltail of scantily clad woimeni who
a llroctch(edl hint in the hIalls iof ithe
s F'islie place. Tuhe Rev. lcNeeley
-i sconded the instructor's testinmony
with additional details.
e The rimen told how the l optnied
the desk of ('oa Crawford and(
Ssnitclhoed letters over her vigotrous
Pr'osiecutor I.indsley, whol has saidti
She will "clean upl) Spoliane," sought
Sin thlis trial to make permllllnent a
ltemlporary batement orlder against
lhothe iskl place.
Sporial meeting of (lcneral Pipe
Fitters' Union No. 710 will be held
at K. of I'. hall on 'Tuesday evening.
July 29, at 7:30 o'clock. hferon
d( n vi ote.
Adv. By rorder,
EX ECUTI VE BOA RI) D.
I Today We Celebrate. I
I .isappeari ii 'li o JC' ofl' onl S~alstian of
, The students of miodernli European
history, and thei reiaders of Anna
lMariai Porterl's novels, are well aware
of the roinntic circiistLance under
which ])oni Sebhstian, king of Por
tugal. disappieared from the face of
the eartlh in 157. The enthusiastic
young king--he was only 22---chose
to conduct the best nmilit.ry strelngth
of his country into Athlrocco, in order
to put down ai usurping sovereign of
that country; an expedition, utterly
extravagant and foolish, against
iwhich all his best friends counselled
hinl in vain. He fought a desperlate
battle witih the Mooris at Alcazar,
performlie(d prodigies, of valoulr, and
was nevertheless so thlioroughly tde-t
Ieated, that it. is said, scarlcely fiftyi
of his rllny escaped alive. A body
said to he his, was reller(l tip by'
the Moors, and ilterred at ]Bletm;
but the fact of his death, neverthe
less, relnined dollubtful. His coiiii
I IItrymen, whlo aIdlnire(i and loved hini,
consiidered himli as having mysterious
ly disaplpea'red, iland all idea. took pos
session of thelm Ithail he woutld by and
by reappear and resume his throne.
Strange to say, this notion continued
after the expiration of the time with
in which the natural life of Sebastian
must have been circumscribed; in
deed, it became a king of religious
belief, which passed on from one
generation of Portuguese to another,
and has even survived to very re
cent times. In one of the leading
papers of the age, in December, 1825,
it was stated as "a singular species,
of infatuation, that many persons rne
siding in Brazil, as well as Portugal,
still believe in the coming of Sebas
tian. Some of the old visionaries
will go out, wrapped in their large
cloaks, on a windy night, to watch
the movements of the heavens; and,
freqiuently if an exhalation is seent
flitting in the air, resembling a
fallen star, they will cry out, 'There
he comes!' Sales of horses and other
things are sometimes effected, pay
able at the coming of King Sebastian.
It was this fact that induced ,JUint,
when asked what he would he able
to do with the Portlluguese, to ln
swer: 'What can I do with a peiople
who were still waiting for the i(:i
ing of the Messiah and King Seba::
tia n?' "
Prohibition in 1717.
On July 29, 17 17, Addison,
I as secretary of Mtate, aldressecd a;
letter to the conllllissioners of cuis
toms in England, requiring themli to
V take measures for checking the in
v troduclion of ta poisoned liqluor of
whiichh tiuitish envoys at Naplles and
1 Genoa had sent home accoutints. It.
I allpears from the commlunicti)ons of
5 these gentlelmenl that his liquor,.
called Aqua Tufania, from thme hGrieek
Swolmaln who invented it, was il ro
duced in large quantities into Italy,
a ind also in part distilled there, and
uwas extensively used as it poison.
it was stated that Go6 personlls had
been destroyed by it. at Naplles, and
there had been maniy punisheld iby
death for selling and administering
it. The culprits engaged in the mak
ing and sale of the liquor lpretrlended
dlit religious and conscientiouls objeict
.they desired to keep the world in
' ease and quiet, by furnishing his
bundls with the means of getting rid
of troubllesomei wives, faLthers of iun
ruly sons, a uman of his enemly, aind
-o so forth. The inquisitors of state,
I not entering at all into these views.,.
ulsed the strictest meastures to ipot
t tdown the Aqua Tufuaia, t but applir
of eontly with only partial success.
''The Spanish Armada.
The first. great triumlph of tIhe
naval power of EngIland was Ilhe de
feat of the "Invincible Armada" of
Spain 331 years ago today, July 29,
1588. The armada. was collected and
equipped by Philip II. of Spain, for
the sulbjugation of England, and con
sisted of 132 ships, besides caravels.
The great fleet was manned by 8,766
sailors and 2,0S8 galley slaves, and
carried 21,855 soldiers. There were
also 150 monks, and 1,355 volun
teers, noblemenil, gelltlemelll and tlhwir
servants. The anrmada, commallnded
by the IDuke of dl edina-Sidonia, sailed
fromt I isbhon otn Mlay. 15SS, hlet was
sOlon disperseid by a storm, anlld had
to Ite reftormed. The greatl fleet en
tered the English cllhannel off (ornll
wall on dJuly 19th. The artitdla stuf
flered severely in a series of eniga.ge
melnts, and fire-ships sent into the
nidst completed the demoralizationll
of the 'leel. Many ships were taken
or sutnk on July 29th, and the arl':adla
Ilhenl made Ia hsty retrleat, havingiii
lost 13,000 men and 35 vessels.