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LOOTING OF CHINA BY AUTOCRATIC
JAPAN APPROVED BY CONFERENCI
Shantung, Torn From China, a Faithful Ally, anm
Handed to Japan, Contains More P e op 1 e Thai
Great Britain, France or Italy. League of Nationu
Pledges U. S. to Legalize This Outrage.
(From the Chicago Republican.)
President Wilson is about to pre
sent to the senate of the United
States, for ratification, the treaty
negotiated by the big four at Paris,
scrambled up with the covenant of
the Pmuts-Cecil League of Nations.
It now becomes the high duty of
the senate, as the spokesman of the
American people, entrusted as it is
upLir the. constitution with co-ordi
nate power in treaty making, to pre
serve the honor of the United States
by refusing to give its approval to
any.parts of this treaty which are in
violation f . the declared war aims
of tie 1nited States, for the achieve
lf"t 'o of which thousands of young
A et4itl-c.S. lives were sacrificed on
tb: ]iattlefields of Europe.
.:T bi-::attention of the senate is
egl 4'd .particularly to that portion of
President Wilson's declaration of war
ad..pas of April 2, 1917, in which
heol ,lared that one of the chief aims
of"t erica ih entering the war 'was
"to,;fiight for the rights of nations,"
ang:ýor "the privilege of men, every
whitre, to chooee their way of life
an4 of obedience."
S.very one of President Wilson's
vari.ous war messages, in fact, sim
ply .eeks witli declamatory phrases
abolitt "Demodracy," "Self-determina
tion," and the iniquity of handing
peoples frpom one sovereignty to an
other aS if they Were property.
Have War Aims Beeni Vindicated ii
,hat the announced war aims of
President Wilson, especially tho:;e
deajling with "Democracy," "thi
rights of small and weak nations,'
and 'Self-determination," have beer
again and again ignored by the
frait rs of the so-called peace treaty
is evident from the most casual ex.
aintqation of the document.
The most pernicious and indefensi
ble. of all the lan i-grabbing coverer
by this treaty, is the handing oves
to Japanese political control anm
commercial exploitation, of the grea
Chinese province of Shantung, which
as Senator Johnson pointed out it
the senate the other day, means, ii
effect, that 44,000,000 free citizen,
of the republic of China, without thu
slightest opportunity for self-deter
mination, are forced under the domi
nation of an alien monarchy ano
comhpelled to become not merely Jap
aneeq subjects, but the virtual slave:
of the Japanese empire.
The fate of Korea is only too tragic
a prophecy of that which awaits thesn
44,000,000 republicans of China
after Japan has been given a free
hand, over their destinies.
It will be recnlled that Japan's wa
with China, and later with Russia
was professedly for the maintenane
of .the "independence" of Korea, anm
lshit:'ols of the prinininal objects o
tlietreaty of alliance between Japa:
aiji lEingland, negotiated in 1902, wa
sti.ld in the treaty itself to be th
p i'ervation of the integrity of Kore,
a4 an independent nation.
Clhiese Delegates Refluse io Sign frtc
Ptesident Wilson, with his usnal En
command of choice rhetoric, sugar- (co
coats the treaty of peace with many agi
fine phrases, declaring among other vio
things that "it does away with the
right of conquest and rejects the its
loflidy of annexation," that it "recog- Ki
Iizs 'the ipalienable rights of na- to
qioiihlity,",that it "ends, once for all, thi
'it'.ld and 'intolerable 'order under pr1
avtilch small' groups of selfish men Do
ptuld ute the peoples of great em- cu
pires to serve their ambition for ba
power ind dominion;" and that, in Ur
Whort, it constitutes "a great charter s
for a new order" of
,But all, the ink in PresidentV Wil
Mon'B fountiiin .pen, and all thee keys
oni his private typewriter, cannot
blind :the United States senate anid'
t1.e American people to the fact that. ti
when the delegates of the Chinese
fepublic, a faithful ally in the war trf
for "Democracy." and "Self-deter
itlnation," learned of' disposition of l
Shantung and were denied permis
sionr to make suitable reservations i
regardinlg it, they refused to be ac- s
cbthplices to this shameful grab and
declined' to affix their signatures to
this "charter of a new order," which
perpetrated sdch an infamous spolia- pC
tion upon their country and upon u"
their fellow citizens.
Thus, this "charter of a new or
der". comes to America branded with !1
h damning accusation of fraud and 1
dishonor, by the representatives of W
the6 largest free republic in the pI
What the Chinese Delegates Said. qa
After refusing to sign away China's pr
rights to her own land and to consent or
to:'the. transfer of the allegiance of of
ilillibls of her citizens, the Chinese pe
delegates at Paris issued a manly w
ahd dignified statement, setting C
fdi'th the facts in the case and de- C'
itlring that the big four refused to ti
giant any concessions which would
make it possible to hold open the tr
Shantung question for a just adjudi- to
cation of China's rights. The state- a;
ment then went on to say: ca
."After failing in all earnest at- o
tempts at conciliation, and after see- C
iiog every honorable compromise re- D,
jected,' the Chinese delegation nan ie
no dourse open save to animere to toie i
THE SCANDIA it
316 East Park, Anaconda.
tool, Ice cream, soft dtinks of all
aknds, good assortment of cigars,
cigarettes, tobacco, and candy.
if YOIU SAW IT IN. BU LIfTiI
925 EAST PARK ST. I
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PIlensasmt and Clean t
I6AY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN 1
path of duty to their country.
"Rather than accept by their signa
tures the Shantung articles in thi
treaty against which their sense o
right and justice militated, they re
f frained from signing the treaty alto
"The Chinese plenipotentiaries re
gret having to take a course whiel:
a appears to mar the solidarity of ths
allied and associated powers.
"Peace ('onference Denied (Chin
"However, they are firmly of tih
opinion that responsibility for thi
rests not with themselves, but ratlhe
with those who it is felt unjustly ant
unnecessarily deprived them of th
right of making a declaration to safe
guard against any interpretatioi
which might preclude China Iron
,asking for reconsideration of th
r Shantung question at a suitable cmo
ment in the future, in the hope tha
:injustice might be rectified later ii
the interest of permanent peace ii
the Far East.
"The peace conference havin;
denied China justice in the settlemen
3 of the Shantung question, and havini
today, in effect, prevented them fron
s signing the treaty without sacrificin;
their sense of right, justice, and pa
triotic duty, the Chinese delegate
submit their case to the impartia
judgment of the world."
League of Nations Guarantees I oo
of Shani ung.
It would be bad enough if the be
trayal of Shantung involved only th
p treaty of peace itself, but worse stil
it contaminates the covenant of th
League of Nations, which has bee
e cunningly enmeshed with and mad
a part of the said treaty, for the e
press purpose of forcing it down th
throat of the American people, with
- out any opportunity on their part t
judge it upon its own merits. At
ticle 1i, of the Smuts-Cecil leagu
I covenant, provides that every nieni
ber of the league will "undertake t
preserve the territorial integrity" c
n every other member, as defind by th
n treaty of peace.
s By subscribing to the covenant c
e the Smuts-Cecil League of Nation,
therefore, it plainly appears, as Ser
- ator Johnson declares that th
i United States would be committed t
the shocking undertaking of pledgin
s all its blood and treasure to lies
petuating the slavery of 44,000,00
c former citizens of a sister republi
e and ally in tile war, after they shai
L, have been forced, by this treat;
e without their consent, and in spite
their protests, under the dotminatio
r of a foreign monarchy.
H ow- Japuan Acquired Its "Rlights" i
The territory of Shantung, whic
now becomes.t; a Japatnese "sphere t
influence," which is the first ste
in the diplomatic game of absorptic
Sandannexation, includes the distril
of Kiao-Chow, which had been hel
by Germtlany on a tenlmorary lea:
n from China, and which was seize
by Japan at the outbreak of ti
F1 European war by military operatiol
" conducted on Chinese neutral soi
y against the protests of China and
r violation of international law.
te At that time, Japan professed th;
e its object in driving Germany out
-Kiao-chow, was to restore the lat
- to China. Now, however, Jaept
1, throws all pretenses to the wind, an
,p Dresumably as the price of its su
in port of the League of Nations, s
. cures from tile peace conference tl
nr backing of the allies and of tl
:..i TTnitnrd RIdtoc in the. n tn and no
iiilten Sntes in the continued pos- s'
session of Kiao-chow andl the control Ci
of the province of Shantung. se
ATlikes (ermlany Violate ('ontract i
With China. ]
' Moreover, by compelling Germany is
to transfer all her leased rights in C
Kiao-Chow, the peace conference, in
effect, compels her to violate her con
tract with China, which stipulated of
that this territory should never be of
transferred by Germany to any other 0:
country. Commenting upon this
phase of the matter, the current
issue of "The Nation" says:
"Germany is required to sign the tt
treaty which makes such strange dis
position of territorial property, sit
uated not in Germany, not even in d,
Japan, but in China, and of which b!
China alone is proprietor. Germany tl
merely held a temporary lease, and f,
in securing the lease it was stipulated B
with China, the other contracting tl
e party, that, it should never be trans- c
ferred to any other country. It was
assumed that -if Germany ever relin- N
quished the lease, the territorial
s property would revert to China, the
t original and real owner. The makers
of the treaty of peace therefore coin- b
e pel Germany to break an agreement
Y which she made with China and to
g China's advantage; this, too, when n
China is an-ally of the victorious na
d "How, then, does it cone that the c
e transfer is made, not to China, but
i- to Japan? It comes in the first place a
as the spoils of war and the right of a
conquest. In a word, the treaty not
t only enforces the session of Kiao
Chow to Japan, but confirms a bad
principle, supposed to have no place
in a model settlement, that of the
Ls right of conquest. To be sure, the
conquest was hardly impressive since
some 7,000 Germans we,-e defeated
by the Japanese army and navy, but
it gave Japan the chance to proclaim
itself the first victor over mighty
('ondones Japan's Illegal Methods.
"The treaty, moreover, prac'tically I
condones Japan's illegal methods of I
effecting the conquest. In violation 1
-t of The Hague convention, Japan I
- landed its guns and troops at the I
- Chinese port of Lungkow, which was t
not leased to any foreign country or t
set apart as a treaty port, and trans
ported guns and troops across the
neutral territory-of China to attacl:
Tsingtao in the rear. It seems strange
that moralists and legalists who com
plain of Germany's violations of in- I
ternational law should so readily
countenance-a clear violation on tlhe
[N part of Japan.
"The treaty makes no stipulatioi
that Japan is to restore Kiao-Chov
to China. So far as the treaty o
peace is concerned, such restoration
is not required; it is only requirec
that Japan secure the cession fron
Germany. Should Japan never re
store Kiao-Chow to China, ther
could be no cause of complain so fa
as the treaty is concerned. In fact
this restoration by Japan to China i
deemed to be outside lhe jurisdictio1
of the peace conferees or even of th
League of Nations, but is an affai
solely of Japan, or, if it so please;
of joint. collnfrelle between. Japa
and China, in which China will a
necessity do what Japan wishes."
A Glance at Shantung.
It is but natural that China shoul
sl protest bitterly against this outrag
of it.s fairest and richest provinet
Shantung, moreover, is dear to Chin
for sentimentall reasons. To all c
the 400,0(00,000 citizens of Chinu
Shiantung is holy ground, somewha
in the same e sense in which Mouir
e Vernon and Monticello, hallowed b
the dust of Washington and Jeffel
l, son, are sacred to Anlericans, becaus
it contains the birthplace and gray
c of both Confucius and Mencius, wh
Sare reverenced throughout China a
r the fathers of the Chinese people.
i Tile name Shantung uleans "Ea;
i of the Mountains." It is the gret
e maritime province of the Chinese rC
1 public, correspondling, in a genet':
way, tor New York, the "'mlpi
C State" of the American nation.
The area of Shantung is about 56
It 000 square miles. A good idea (
nits geographical size can therefore 1
n obtained by comparing its area wit
the areas of the following great stat(
in our Union:
New York ..........47,620 square mill
Illinois ..............55,410 square mill
tg Pennsylvania ....460,100 square inill
The important state of Massachi
setts could be put into Shanlltrlll
seven times, with plenty of rooi
around the edget.
C(ontains Larger Population tluI
1 Great Britin.
The population of Shantung is e
timated at about 44,000,000 Chine:
republican citizens. According I
the International Year Book' f(
1917, the population of Great Britai
n is only 41,000,000, not including,
le course, the subject nation of Irelan
x- The same authority gives the .pop.
lation of France, at the outbreak a
the European war, as 39,000,00
to and that of Italy 36,000,000.
r- Thus, it appears that Great Britai
le France and Italy, tile three Europe_
n- powers throulgh whose connivant
to Japan has been allowed to grab Sha
of tung, have, none of thelm, as lart
le a population as that of the provim
which, by their combined power, the
have forced under an alien mo
n. It is reported that the Chine
te delegates at Paris appealed to Pre.
to dent Wilson, as a last resort, to pr
Ig tect the rights of China, but that M
r_ Wilson was unable to prevent tl
30 spoliation of China, because he w:
ic i outivoted by the other members
Ill the big four, just as the United Stat
y, will be outvoted by the non-Amel
of can powers ill the executive coullt
ln of the League of Nations.
Shantung's Natural lResources I
in conceivably l.ic(h.
Shantung possesses vast natur
lch resources, including great miner
of deposits, chief among which is co:
and all of which hre as yet alinc
o0 untouched. The largest coal field
ic in the valley of the Lao-fu river, ne
dd the center of the province, while a
se other large field is located ill t
ed south, a third in the north, and
he fourth ill the southwest. There a
e15 known to exist, also, large depos
il, of iron ore, ironstone, gold, galel
in lead, and copper.
The principal agricultural prodtn
oat of Shantung are wheat, millet, 1
of dian corn, rice in the extreme soul
1l( and a variety of fruits, legumes, a
anl vegetables. The silk industry al
id, flourishes throughout the province
ip- The capital of the province is C
so_ na1-fu, with a population of 100,01
he Other large cities are Taso-fu, 15
le 000, an industrial center on t
s_ grand canal; Wei-haien, a comml
rol cial city of 100,000, and the gra
seaports of Chifu, Kiao-Chow, a
Wei-hai-wei, the latter being held
A England undtler a lease extorted from
China, and has become a great Brit
iy ish naval base.
in Cutting the Ground From Under
010 Their Feet.
', Striking and convincing evidence
of the lack of faith which the creators
)e of the so-called League of Nations
hr have in it, is to be found in the treaty
i of alliance with France and England
which President Wilson has nego
tiated and is about to ask the senate
le to ratify along with the league cove
Press dispatches from Washington
in declare that the senators who have
been the staunchest supporters of
'd the League' of Nations are dum
founded by the news of the Franco
3d British-American alliance. And well
ig they may be, for it cuts the ground
s- completely from under their feet.
as The advocates of the League of
n- Nations have, for these many months, o
al been shouting from the house-tops
he that the League of Nations does
rs away with all special alliances and o
n- balances of power and will surely
nt produce perpetual peace among the
to nations of the world.
e11 On the other hand, they have de
'a- nounceil loyal Americans who have a
opposed the League of Nations he
he cause of their refusal to betray the
t policy of George Washington, as re
ce actionaries who wished to' preserve g
the "wicked old order" of balance of
power and war.
to- In short, the Franco-British-Amer
at ican alliance gives the lie to all the
ce lofty pretensions of the League of
he Nations. It not only recognizes, but
he endorses and perpetuates the "wicked
ice old order," by creating a military
el alliance between three powers. It
nut not only recognizes the possibility of
un future wars in Europe, but prepares
ity for them, and pledges the resources
of America for the fighting of them.
s. This military alliance makes the
Ily League of Nations nothing more norn
of less than a league of hypocrisy and t
ion false pretense. It repudiates every t
tan principle for which the league pro- t
the fsses to stand, and upon the strength a
vas of which' its advocates are attempting
or to force it upon the American people.
us- Furthermore, if a military alliance
tI'e with France and England is not con- t
cic: trary to the spirit of the League of s
ige Nations, and can exist along with it.
0n- who can prevent the formation of i
in- other military alliances among the t
lily members of the league?
the Suppose that Germany and Russia
are later admitted to the league, will
' JAILING THE JUDGES
of o -
e By ANISE, in Seattle Union-Recor
m "W-hat do you know about it?"
re Said I to a friend,
tt "Has the GRANI) J tRY
a Suddenly gone i olshevik?
he * *
iir Look at the prominent folks
a, Getting INDICTED!"
of * *
"Somebody made a mistake,"
Said my friend to me,
ge "Maybe the judge
na Forgot to tell them
of * *
'1' That juries are intendedl
at * *
nt To send the WORKING CLASS
by * *
To jail for TALKING,
I Or to arrest bootleggers,
as But NEVER to uttack
Such notable people!"
l "How CYNICAL you are!"
Said I to my friend,
of "Doesn't this PROVE
he * *
ith Justice is even handed
tes * * *
And all men are the SAMEI
lons * *
les Before the LAW!
les * * *
u- IIere's Allen the Pati ot,
ng * * *
Am Allen the District Attorney,
it Allen the JU)IlCE,
Getting the SAME DEAL
Is( He once gave Ilulet Wells!"
to * * *
for "Not so you'd notice it,"
ail * * *
of Said my friend to me,
nd. * * *
[pI- "I don't see Clay Allen
of * * *
00, Going to JAIL!
in, He will not face a jury
!an * * *
ICe IMAD with WAR,
'ge The kind the WELLS faced!
ley le will not face appeals
ere * * *
si- But just a bunch.
t10- * * *
ii r. Of unexcited men
the* * *
vas Men who will thing TWICE
of * * *
tes Before JAILING a JUDGE!"
1ri- * a *
cil . "That is all right with ME!"
iI- Said I to my friend,
al "Men should think TWICE
al * * *
il, Before jailing ANY ONE!
ist * * *
is But just suppose
ar * *
n- It actually occurred
he * * *
a And Allen and HIulet Wells
it Should meet at McNeil,
a, * * *
Sharing the same vile FOOD,
It.s * * *
ld In the same unhealthy cells,
so * * *
hi- * * *
O1. By the same brutal GUARDS,
0,- * * *
he Woudn't you like to hear
.at What they'd say to each other?"
by "I bet one thing at least,"
it- Said my friend to me,
ler "If prosecutors and judges
ice Qualified for office
* * *
us By spending a term in jail
ty * * *
nd To see the kind of cell
tte They SEND folks to,
Our judges and our courts
ie Would grow more HUMAN,
of * * *
mi- And we should see
ell Some SUDDEN
,es Today's Anniversary
Ind - o
ely August 2 in History.
the 1675-Battle with Indians (King
Philip's war) at Brookfield, Mass.
de- 1684-Treaty of peace concluded
ave at Albany between the colonies and
be- the Five Nations.
the 1779---David Campbell, soldier and
re- governor of Virginia, born; he served
rve gallantly in the war of 1812.
1807-Robert McClelland, politi
cian, of Michigan, born; secretary of
the interior under Pierce.
the 1813--Fort Stephenson, O., at
of tacked by the British.
but 1832-Battle of Bad Axe River,
1854--Francis Marion Crawford,
ry author, born; his stories are chiefly
of Italian life.
of 1856-Eliza Orne White, author,
Tres born; a portrayer of New England
rees life and a writer of children's books.
nor not those powers have a perfect right
and to enter into a military alliance of
iery their own with, say, Japan, to offset
pro- the Franco-British-American alliance
igth and if they do, how can we say them
ting nay, without branding ourselves as
p1e. utter hypocrites?
ince The Republican believes, however,
con- that there is not a chance in a thou
5 of sanid that the United States senate
i it. will consent to the pledging of Amer
I of ica's resources of blood and treasure
the to perpetuate a balance of power in
Europe. It is the duty of America
ssia to get out of Europe at once and to
will stay out.
r A A RiB l A RIIInnERMEWHWMnRMaB itBnH A l nga
to carry on the defense of the
Bulletin staff in the courts. Two
members of the staff have been
fined a total of $9,500, on charges
of sedition, charges which were
the direct result of the effort of
the corrupt political machine in
Montana to put a free press out
of business. The cases have been
appealed to the State Supreme
Court. It requires money to fight
these cases through the various
courts; it takes money for travel
ing expenses, etc., for transcripts
of evidence and stenographers'
hire. None of the money goes to
pay lawyers' fees, the lawyers en
gaged in the cases not only hav
ing donated their services, but ac
tually paying their own expenses.
The fines imposed and the expenses of
fighting the cases through the courts,
are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep
ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order
issued by the copper interests---and if you
believe the Bulletin has been of service to
he"' the cause of labor and the honest element
generally, you should help defray the ex
penses incident to the fight for a FREE
PRESS by contributing according to your
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