Newspaper Page Text
MAY I .NOT.
* * * ask, which is the.north side of
the. Mason. and Dixn..line?
On July 27 the Cincinnati and
Pittsburgh teams. finished a game
,started-.on July. 6. On - the former
date the score stood at the end of
the sixth,inning, 2 to:0, in favor of
the Reds. On the latter date the
score at the end of the ninth inning
was 3 to 1. The question arose as
4o whether the Reds-won the game on
"July Z or 27. Seeing that the ques
.!tion involved the same sort of snarl
.as the. three-four round dispute of
the Dempsey-Willard contest, in
which so many rough-necks and rude
:persons took part without a satisfac
tory conclusion, we decided to put
the *question before eminent acad
,emicianaand we herewith give their
The first person interviewed was
.Professor ,Bonnean, the famous " as
trologist. ,"I perceive," the profes
s;or began, "most vital consequences
)in this question in view of the dis
-'.pute on tlhe daylight saving bills now
1)Refore congress. On July 6 the solar
projection. at the:time the game was
b.ailled -was of the diurnal libration,
:while on July .27 there .were solar
proturbances which created nebula in
Orion, having direct effect upon the
specific gravitation of the ball. On
the 6th the Cincinnati. team held ,the
,line of the Equinoxea, wuereas on the
..7th they were in the axis of the
eliptic; .therefore, the question is,
::aimply one of lunar synodical de-I
To.further elucidate the question
for our readers we sought an inter
view .with Professor Adamant Skull,
the world-famous patnologist.
"I appreciate," said Professor
Skull, "that you do not wish a for-'
mnal interview; you have merely come
to buttonhole me as the fans would
express it. (A chuckle by Professor
Skull.) Enteroligically speaking, the
epidermis of the sphere which the!
batsman impinges produces a reflex
.hyperextension which varies accord
ing to the humidity prevailing. 1
am choosing my words carefully to
make the matter clear to the lay
mind; thus the neurological status
of the idiopathic suniuxation was
.anemic on July 6. due to the dimin
lshing calories in the food served at
Pittsburgh hotels. Fermentation in
the gastric processes of the. dietetic
assimilation was of a more porky
order in Cincinunati and, being diluted
*with beer, the players on the 27th
weer more chiropaedic, or, to use a
vulgar term, more happy."
Not feeling that even this made;
the answer conclusive, we secured an
interview with Professort Avery P'if
fle, the eminent psychologist, who
S;expressed-his view thus:
"I do notbfgree with those author
ities who find a .metaphysical rela
tion between this question and that
of Shantung,. merely because they
both attach to leagues. In fact, I
,think the covenant may be ratified
separately fromh this question. One
factor, however, to which I give great
,weight is that in both games the
SCincinnati tekm wore red hose, which
were considerably soiled on the 27th
because of a previous game. This is
a phenomenon -which arises within
the domain of superconscious cogen
:y, and -in the terminloogy of spec
ulative philosophy is subjective ego.
Volition and introspection in theirt
several psychic categories carry the
research into the limbo of the em
pirical and makes it evident to the
psycho-analist that the subject has
close idiopathic association with Bol
When I returned to the office I
telephoned to all -the professors if
there was any academic objection to
stating that Cincinnati ihad won the
game, and they all authorized me to
so quote them.
* * r
The Class inl Spottography.
What great pitcher was born on
Aug. 12, 1880.?
The two satellites or the planet
Mars were first discovered by Prof.
Asaph Hall at Washington 42 years
ago today. Thus was curiously con
firmed a statement made in Swift's
"Gulliver's Travels," written about
1726. In his "Voyage to Laputa,"
Swift wrote: "They have likewise
discovered two lesser stars or satel
lites which revolve amout Mars."
The spots on the surface of Mars,
which is the planet nearst the earth,
were first observed by Fontana in
1636, and have since caused num
berless conjectures. The theory that
Mars is inhabited has been voiced for
centuries, and observers have discov
ered more or less confirmation of
the theory at periods when the neigh
boring planet has approached near
est the earth.
Classic Chili Parlor
210 N. Main St.
CHILI, LIGHT LUNCHES.
THE BEST WAFFLES IN TOWN
:Open Day and Night
Leaves Anaconda every evening
.on arrival of train from Butte at,
6 p. m., arriving at Philipsburg
at 7:30 P. m. W. BELLM, Prop.
When in Great Falls visit the Rex
Especially 'caters to the-working class
15 Third'St. South
sear First National Bank.
ENS SEE T11EI
FAVOGIIES fSNi( U
Billy Wright and Harry Casey,
both of 'Seattle, boxed several fast
rounds before a packed house.at t.he
K. C, gym Sunday afternoon. Butch
Simonieh, billed to box 12 rounds C
with Wright at the Elk's sport car- 'f
nival at Bozeman :Wednesday night, t
visited the gym and was introduced i
During the exchange of blows.
Casey had one.of his eyes closed by
one of Wright's terrible wallops, but
the ttainers' were on the job at once, e
and it is thought they will have him
seeing with two good eyes and in
good condition otherwise in time for
his battle with Spider Kelly of Butle
at the Bozemnea carnival.
It is announced that a big crowd
will go from Butte Wednesday to be
on hand for the bouts in Bozeman
SIT AiI IN OF E[ CLUBOS
Won. Lost. Pet.
Cincinnati ...............66 0 .687
?New York ................8 33 .637
Chicago ..............52 42 .55'.
S4rooklyn ..................46 48 .489
I Pittsburg .............4... 5 50 .474
Boston ......................37 54 .407
lPhiladelhi ............h,34 L .3?82
i St. Louis is ..............33 .3 59
Won. Lost. Pet.
Chicago ....................60 38 .612
Detroit .................. 55 . 41 .,57.
New York ................54 43 .57
New York ....................53 41 .564 1
St. Louis ..................50 44 .53.2
Boston ....................44 50 .468
W ashington ............40 59 .4104
Philadelphia ............27 67 .289
I AMERIICAN ASSOCIATION.
Won. Lost. Pet.
St. Paul ....... .....61 . 37 .622
,Indianapolis ............ 5 40 .5f02
Louisville ..............57 44 .564
Kansas City ............51 47 .521
Columbus ................48 51 .485
Minneapolis ............ 4 53 .475
Milwaukee .............. 63 .382
Toledo ....................37 64 .366
' Won. lost. Pet.
a Los Angeles ............ 72 50 .590
Vernon .................... 71 50 .567
e ! Salt Lake ................64 49 .566
n San Francisco ........62 59 .512
Sacramento ..............54 610 .474.
o Oakland .................: 6 6 .4411.
Plortland ..................50 6G .4 31
i Seattle ..................42 71 .372
Philadelphin 2, Cincinnati 3.
New York 0, Chicago 2.
Boston 5, St. Louis 1.
a Pittsburg 5, Brooklyn 3.
I Cleveland 4, .New York 11.
Chicago 1, Washington 0.
Louisville 3, St. Paul 2.
Milwaukee 7-2, Indianapolis 5-9.
Columbus 2-10, Kansas City 7-2.
e inneapolis 7-5, Toledo 0-8.
COAST' I EAGUIE.
Los Angeles 9-2, Oakland 2-5.
SSan Francisco 0-2, Vernon, 3-3.
SPortland, 1-6, Seattle 3-3.
Sacramento 1, Salt Lake 2.
SEATTLE CAR MEN
a (Special United Press Wire.)
Seattle, Aug. ]1.-The municipal
street car employes are balloting on
a strike which is proposed for to
t night, unless Superintendent Mur
phine revokes his seniority ruling,
s according to union leaders. A mass
I meeting will be helh Monday night,
s when the result of the vote will be
t announced. The strive threat re,
suilts from alleged discrimination in
e favor of the employes or the old mu
nicipal line against men of the trac
r (Continued From Page One.)
if the lines as outlined in the presi
. dent's message.
An industrial conference, in which
President Wilson will meet with the
representatives of capital and labor,
for discussion of the economic prob
lems, will be held at the White House
according to plans now being made.
The object of the meeting will be a
free exchange of ideas in an effort to
clarify the atmosphere and eliminate
misunderstandings between the
workers and employers and a devel
opment of constructive suggestions
for the betterment of relations be
tween capital and labor.
PACOKERS HAVE PRIORITY.
(Special United Press Wire.)
Chicago, Aug. 11.-The big pack
ers will be given first attention by
th prosecutors here in the war on
high prices, said District Attorney
Clyne, who returned from Washing
ton Saturday, after a conference with
* the attorney general and other high
Attention, I. W. W. No. C00.
Regular business meeting of Butte
branch of Metal Mine Workers' In
dustrial union, No. 800, tonight, at
8 p. m., at 318 N. Wyoming street.
Business of importance.
.;Call for Convention Issued
by. New National: Execu
tive Committee, Accord
ing to Letter Received.
The following letter has been re
ceived by the local socialist party
from the national executive commit
tee of the.party. The letter, which
is self-explanatory, follows:
To All Locals, Branches, and Young
People's Socialist Leagues.
Comrades: This letter is ad
dressed to you by the new national
executive committee of the socialist
party. It is a most important letter.
" It should receive the attention .of
r your organization at once.
As you probably know, the nation
al constitution ended the term of the
old national executive committee on
e July 1. The new national executive
committee met in Chicago on July
26 and. 27, reversed the actions of
the old committee in its attempt to
wreck the party, reinstated all ex
,pelled state organizations and sus
pended federations, more tl'an 5,.
00Q:members fi all, and renewed the
call for anl emergency national con
vention, to be held Aug. 30, for
which. the party.membership, cast. an
overwheclmingly favorable vote.
It. is the success of this' national
convention with which this letter
mainly concerns itself. The Iparty
4 membership demands a. convention.
It demands that our party nationally
2 declare its allegiance to the third in
ternational. The old national execu
tive committee tried to side-track a
national convention. It may yet at
I. tempt to usurp power and postpone
2 the convention called for Atig. 30.
1. The new national executive com
7 mittee, regularly elected by the na
4 tional membership, will not permit a
2 postponement of this convention, nor
8 will it permit interference by the
4 former national executive committee,
p or the former national secretary.' Do
not let either of them fool you in
this matter. The national conven
tion will he held on Aug. 30 in Chi-.
2 cago. The new national executive
2 committee will take charge of this
4 convention. It will see to it that, the
1 mandates of the nmembership are
A And so we write you to give the
new national executive committee
financial support. Delegates' fares
must be paid. Funds derived from
the sale of special national assess
mentt. stamps will not wholly cover
this expense. If you are for the con
trol of the party by the membership;
if you are against the autocratic acts
0 of the former national executive conm
2 unittee; if you abe for a party in
4 sympathy with the Bolsheviki of Rus
" sia and, the Spatltacans of Germautny
1 aid.the. eommunists of Italy, France
2 and England, then give your finan
cial support: at once to the new na
tional executive committee elected by
you. The new national executive
committee will assure the conven
tion by assuring all delegates their
Vote a goodly sum out of your
treasury. Make a loan to the new
committee. Circulate the enclosed
blank among your members right
now and ask them to give generously.
Please let, us hear from you very
soon with a substantial remittance.
Help finance this convention so that
the membership may again rule the
p:arty. Yours in comradeship.
National Executive Secretary, P. T.
(By United Press.)
, Laredo, Tex., Aug. 11. - Enforce
ment of nation-wide prohibition may
offer a hard problem to peace offi
evers in the inland states, but their
job is a sinecure to that of federal
officials trying to keep the American
side of the Mexican border dry.
Prohibition in the United States
has offered. a -means of wealth to
hundreds of adventuresome spirits
along the Rio Grande, and booze
smuggling is being made ,a fine art.
All the fiery Mexican drinks-Mes
cal, aguardiente and tequila-sell
readily in the states, and- smuggling
is comparatively easy since the 1,200
odd miles of border generally is
sparsely settled and patrolled only
by small military units.
The wily Mexican ,trailing his mes
cal in bladders, hog skins and goat
skins, wades the Rio Grande at night,
disposes of his wares and is back in
Mexico again long before dawn.
When the mescal lacks punch he
spikes it with red pepper, onions or
drugs, and the result is a knockout
which backs Jack Dempsey's upper
cuts in the shade.
Spiked soda water is another
means of avoiding detection. Re
cently a Mexican, with a cargo of ap
parently harmless, pink, soda-water,
was stopped by customs agents, who
smapled his wares. The soda-water
was pink in appearance only. It's
kick beat any American "red-eye"
In one week recently, in the town
of Alice, Jim Wells county, customs
agents found more than 300 quarts
I Morsels 2rom A
I "Sage's Scrap Book
Who was the author of the expres
sion, "The Three Rs"?
This phrase is ..generally referred
to Sir William Curtis, baronet, lord
mayor in 1795, and for 36 years al
derman of the ward of Tower. He
gave a toast at a dinner, "The Three
Ss." Although a man of limited ed
ucation, he was .very shrewd, and not
so ignorant . as to suppose his pre
sumed..orthography was correct. 'He
chose the pharse in the above .form
purely for a jocular reason.
~JVE HELP TO THOSE
WHO FOUGHT FOR YOU
h I i (G DOUGIHTRT Y.
Fellow workers: no not forget
that the jails throughout the United e
States still hold hundreds of class I
war prisoners, many or whom have t
been tried, convictert aid senItenced
to long terms of imprisonlment. Some
of those who have been sentenced
have been granted the privilege of f
apepaling and the court has ordered
that the prisoners may le admitted I
to bail, pending appeal. 'This is the
situation regarding the follow work
erssent to Fort Leaven\worth as a
result of the Chicago "trial" which
was the climax of the war conspiracy
hatched by the retainers of great
luinber, copper and oil interests to
put , the revolutionary Industrial
Workers of the World "out of exist
The Chicago "trial," owing to the
large number of fellow workl s in
volved and the way it was played
up by the capitalist press, for a time
overshadowed all other 1. W\. \W.
cases, and all our enerlgies antid ef
forts were turned toward defending
the class,war prisoners seized by the
retainers of callitalismn in the Octo
ber, 1917, raids on the 1. \V. \'W.
But there are otllhrs who must be
remembered, and. if one case is more
important than another, Ithe Wichita
class war prisoner; should receive
first consideration. Thlest' fellow
workers have been hold in the Wichi
ta,. tlan., county jail for almost two
years without a triar: Last spring
our attorney succeeded in having the
indictment against these fellow work
ers quashed. lustlcea of the Iprison
ers being released, the prosecuting
attorney.drew iup a new indictment.
and our fellow workers are still hold
for trial. These fellow workers may
be released on hail any time bonds
There are many otlher cases, but it
is hardly necessary to menltion each
in detail, and one issue of the paper
would hardly suffice for this. No
class war prisoner should be forgot
ten; all are equally implortant and
necessary to lthe revolutionlary indus
trial union mnovelnten; no favoritisi
should be shown, but organized, sys
tematized effort made to aid all 1.
WV. W. memblers now iheld in capital
ist jails because of iheir activity as
'Heretofore ef'forts to collect money
for legal defense or Ibil have been
on the individualistic, sporadic Iplan,
one interfering with the other, and ai
great part of the money donIaLted was
consumed by the' expense of collect
ing, so that it took a larger amount
to accomplish the purIpoCe desired.
Rlecognizing the ,utility of this
form of effort, a conference of 1. WV.
W. delegates relpresenting all indus
trial unions of the Piactfic northfes.
met.in Sealttle July 3 and 4 for the
purpose of devising a plait of system
atizing and co-ordinating efforts ,n
raise hail for all 1. W. W. prisoners
now held in jail.
As a result of this conference ai
bail and bond colmmittee was elected,
with headquarters in Seattle, repre
senting the northwest and southwest
districts. This central committee
saims to co-operate with branch com
mittees throughout this territory, all
loans and contributions to be pooled
at this central point, resulting ill
quick action and eliminating unnec
essary expense, annoyances and fta
(Continued From Page One.)
price question, extension of the rood
control law and other similar ques
lions. Chairman Gronna ,:;nrd na
lioual grange leaders plan a state
ment early this week giving the
farmers' side of problems now under
discussion. All senators from agri
cultural states have been invited to
the meeting Tuesday.
Will Restune Hearings.
With jurisdiction over the railroad
brotherhoods' demands for increrased
wages to meet living costs, shifted
from congress to the president anti
director-general of railr'oaur., the
house interstate commerce colsllnit
tee tomorrow will resume I ariugs
on the organized labor railroad bill.
Glenn 1. Plumb, author of the meas
ure, is expected to conclude his state
ment tomorrow, and will be tollowed
by A. B. Garretson, chief of the con
ductors' brotherhood. Other advo
cates of the Plumb plan and oppon
ents will be heard later.
Spirited debate on the hif h cost
of living questions is expected in the
senate tomorrow. Senator Reetd.
Missouri, and McKellar, Tennessee,
democrats, have announced at.drelltss,
on the subject, and others are in
The peace treaty and league of
nations, however, are not to go into
total ec'lipse in the senate becaullse
of interest in the cost of living.
Republican Leader Lodge '' tresdeay
will deliver an extensive analysis of
international problems, and other
speeches are to follow. Secretary
Lansing will resume his trestimony
on the peace negotiations and related
subjects before the foreign relations
committee. The committee Also is
expected to receive a communication
from President Wilson in response to
requests for data and documents on
the negotiations at Paris.
Republican leaders said today that
the end of the committee's deliber
ations on the treaty was not in signt,
despite demands for early ratifica
tion as a means of insuring peace
and aiding in the solution of living
cost problems. Some republicans
are insisting that no action be taken
on the treaty until Col. E. Mt. House
can appear before the committee.
The general investigation of Mex
ican affairs, authorized by the senate
resolution adopted last week is to Ibe
launched tomorrow at a meeting of
Senator Fall's sub-commnittee.
Another foreign relations sub
committee also plans action on a
reservation to the $25,000,000 Co
Enforcement 1ill Up.
The house prohibition enforce
ment bill is to be reported tomorrow
to the full committee with prospect
of further extended discussion.
Report of the oil land leasing bill
is planned Wednesday by the senate
public lands committee. Permanent
It is the aim of the committee., as
,xpressed by the membership who se
ected it, to first obtain the release of
he fellow workers held in Fort Leav
,lworth and Wichita.
This bail and bond committee will
tceept loans of $5 and up. All Lib
rty bonds. war savings certificates
sill be accepted at race value, and
he same bonds will be returned to
he persons loaning them. Liberty
londs draw interest to their owners,
to matter where deposited, so there 1
s no loss to the person loaning to
help give a fellow worker liberty.
All loans of money, Liberty.bonds
and war savings certificates are safe
narded in every possille manner.
the committee depositing all loans
tnd transacting all business through
he Trade Union Savings and Loan 1
issociaton of Seattle.
It is the intention of the bail anti
bond committee to keep on hand suf.
ficientt funds to reimnturtse any per
sln who lieca tuse of circumst ances
night find it necessary to recall
lol ns. This will obviate the danger
of a fellow worker being returned to
Stuns under $5 will be considered
as donations, not as loans. and con
riblutions of allny alnoulnt will be
gladly received and acknowledged by
the colmmittee, so itiat no worker
will be denied in ass:sting to help
liberate those who arte in Itcaullse
hey ftought for us who are out!
William Ilross Lloyd of Chicago
has consented to act as trustee for
the Iail and bond cotnnliltee at that
point. Mlr. Lloyd is not a memnllbr of
tilhe 1. W. W. He is a social revolu
Iionist with the courage of his con
victions. despite the fact that his mua
Ierail interests are in direct olpopsi
tion to the working class. Lloyd is
i capitalist whlo uses the surplus
value coming to him in plrooting so
cial revolutlion, lie has 1put up thou
sands of dollars as hail for socialists,
anarchists and 1. W. W.s.
If a. capilalist can do this for those
who seek to overthrow capitalism.
what should it class conscious worker
As an evidence of what systemnatic,
organized effort call co, as conltrast
ed to the old hodge-IlpIt;ge individual
istic methlotl. 1he ail and bond c(on
nliltee rI'elolrts total receiplts frtonl
July 9 to Aug. 1 as $20,000.
Now, fellow worktxs, renlember
this: Although the constituted au
Ihorities have granted us the irivi
lege of bailing olut class willr llrison
ers, nevertheless, they seek to hinder
our efforts in this lmatter and1 throw
every obstacle in our way. Organized
effort will overcome this.
Do not be afraid to openly avow
your allegiance to tl'e principles of
the 1. VW. W. The more of us wlto
do this the smaller will be the nIum
)her of cla1ss warll' prisoners.
i.tetielllltlr out slogatl. "We lneverl
forget"! lnsltad of Ilalking this a
phlrase, let uis make it a fact by do
ing all we can for those who have
done all they could for us, and who
are now in jail for it.
Organize. organize in the revoliu
tionary, Iitldustrial Workers of the
Send all loans, contribut.ions and
communications to John L. Engdahl,
secretary-treastutrer or tie bail and
bond conmmittee, box W\, nll:l tar sta
tion, Seattle, Wash.
military legislation will be I;llen up
again Thursday by lthe sn;,lal ili
lacy committee, which will hear the
views of Secretary Baker.
ilouse commllittees promise to be
inactive for some tinme. Miiant house
nCmembers are still abll)sent alld there
is a temlporalry coHsalion of cotllnlit.
tee work. The hloulse \;ill i vnl(
The war departm.ent i:t e\stiga
tions will continue, but with activity
curtailed by absencet from \\'asthing
ton of sub-commnittltoees. , i(ne sub
commlittee now is enl rut le to Eurlope
and another, that on aircraft headed
by Representative F' rar. left today
for the west.
(Continued from Page One.)
practically every civilized country in
the world. lie flooded America and
England with his libraries and his
writings were translated into eight
different languages. He expressed a
firmn conviction in his early financial
career, that "it was a sin to die rich."
Hie sought to avoid this self-avoided
"sin," but his income was so greuat
it is believed lie was only able to
make a small impression on his
Mrs. Carnegie anti John Poynton,
his private secretary, were ti the
bedside when the end canme. 11e had
been seriously ill since last Friday
and his condition became critical
Andrew Carnegit was born inl
Scotlandt. Nov. 25. 1835. He camee
to the 'liited States in 184S, settling
in Pittsburg, where he worked tas a
weaver's assistant. telegraph Ines
setnger boy and telegrapher. He or
ganized a sleeping car companiy, de
veloped oil lands, iron works and in
, trod'cod tihel Hessemner process for
making steel in this country in 1868.
lie consolidated his interests in
1889 in a so-called billion-dollar
steel trust. The Carnegie Steel Co.,
which merged in 1901 with the
United Stalts Steel corporation, wits
the builder of the first American
This Scot twisted the world fi
nance(' and commlllerce around his lit
tile finger until lie grew tired of it,
thlin started out to give away his
WILL NEIZE IHOAIIDE1) FOOD.
(Special United Press Wire.
\Washington, Aug. 11.-Hoarded
food stock will lie seized by the gov
ernment iand placed upon the market
to help re-establish operation of sup
ply and demand, the eepartment of
,justice announced. Preparations for
this work are well under way as a
part of Attorney Oeneral Palmer's
countrywide campaign against the
profiteers. Palmer is hourly expect
ing news of arrests, from district at
torneys, who have been flooding him
with evidence which they are col
IRACE RIOTS CAUSED
HBY BIG EXPLOITER.S
Politicians and Employers
Use Negro Against White 1
Workers in Many of Our
Bly A. H. (GilIERT.
Many cities of the east, and par
ticularly our national capital, have
had terrible race riots. Now the evil
has spread to Chicago. About two
years ago East St. Louis and several
other centers experienced the same
violations of law and order. Chicago
now registers a total of not less than
30 dead and hundreds, if not thou
sands, of injured.
What are the causes of such out
breaks in a country which above all
others claims to be a land of law
and order? Why do we add to the
national crime of lyinching, fightingI
bet ween races whici colnpares with
old lRussia's pogroms against the
Two great factors stand out as
having special significance:
1. The exploitation of the negro
by employers and politicianns to the
detrimelnt of the comnmon white peo
2. The fact that we have content
ed ourselves with race discriminla
lions instead of merely race differ
roces. The work of freeing the ne
gro was only half done by the Civil
i war. The freeing or the negro front
r slavery should have been followed 1hy
I the guarantee of equal opportunity.
Negro Hal? ;'ree.
How the politicians and employ
-e!s can tlake advantage of the hal'f
Sfree negro is not barn to tinderstand.il
Inll our large cities the nlegroes live
ill a certain sectionl of Ithe city and
Sthe politicians organize theti 1t hack
special privilege with their votes in
return for minor political favors.
(lity reformers and working class
candidaltes in general must, there
fore, always meet a n:g, ignorant,
boss-controlled negro vote. This
produces miuch ill fee:b:lg.
But the big thing which imnmedi
ately causes the oultbreaks is the use
of the negro to lbentl down the white
worlinan's wages. ''ne negro work
I nten, eSlpecially those ill the south,
are practically unorganized. Their
standard of living is aecidedly below
that of the northern whites. And
northern emlplioyers nave been brinig
ing themi int in ulthless fashion since
the war started.
Ma sses of Bak I mlcks iportled.
They lhave specitl agents toluring
the soulth to solicit the negroes un
der false pretenises illand makinig pill
trains for shipmtent lto niorthern ci
ties. T1hen they shift. these train
loads of ignorant workers any place
where white lutor is lakling a fight
t for lbetter wages and working con
Testilmony lirought out in the in
0 vestigation of the East. S. Lotis riotl.
' showed that trainload after trainload
of Ilnegroes li l Ihe tilln ll n ped into
htliI city to such tin extenit that a
large part of Ilielt rwere starving.
d Their want was consequently caus
, ing thein to comllit crimles anid to do
iv work fori aytlhing an empnloyer
would oflfer. Politcianis represenlt
in the empnloyers in that city looked
to the nliegroes for votes to nlintain.
their systemln. Litlle wonder, there
P fore, lthIt thoe whitle workien in that
- city broike out into violent, Ilind rage
P'rotests of normnern workers
against thiese tactics were held down
by Ihe false loyallty and "support the
w\iIIr" propaganda of the special ill
eroests, andll we are -ow reaping the
resulls of the failure to right in
justice in tine. Wherever an info
rior Irace has been so used against
native workmen, thlie sallne Iesults
have occurred. England has had
'riots over the Chinese and African
legroes she imported during the war
and has failed to send back.
As contributing causes to the riots
we might also mention the sltate of
mnid of the negro soldier who has
returned from the war and is galled
ly the indignities thrust upon him
and the desi'e of some city interests
to create a di version from the agita
tion over the cost of living.
The negro must bie educated. He
must he organized into unions that
lie may take his proper place besideI
and not he hostile to white workers.
Criminal activities of the politicians
and big employers should be exposed
and punished. Let us have race dis
tinctions so far as there is a feeling
on either side that they are needled,
but end the discriminations which
place the negro in a helpless position
under the big exlploiters. The negro
should, like the white, hie able to se-j
cure wiat lie produces.
CREAT BRITAIN IS
GOING AFTER' PROFITEERS
(Special United Press Wire.)
London, Aug. 1l.--Great Britain
is preparing to fire the first shot in
her offensive againa. the 1profiteer.
Steps are being taken to follow lup
with an announcement that local
tribunals representing workers and
consumers be established, with power
to assess finles of $1 l00 against Iprofi
teers, sending the miore fla grant
eases to the courts which will be
enlmpowered to inflict $1,ll(01 fines or
six mnontlhs' imprisonmient. The gov
ernmeit believes the small traders
are the greatest rl'ofiteers. rather
than the *holesalers and manuifac
UNFAIR TO ORGANIZED
WILLYS-OVERLAND COMPANY OF TOLEDO,
Makers of Willys-Overland and Overland Automobiles.
S(;,000 men aure locked out because they refused to
give up the eight-hour day.
Today We Celebrate I
The Inventor of the .Penny Postage.
Stamps. The power of a postage
stamp, in unjust taxation, in 1776,
rent her American colonies from
Great Britain. Viscount Hill, atough
old British soldier, ancestor of Sir
Rowland Hill, the great philanthrop
ist, and inventor of penny postage,
was born on Aug. 11, 1772. His
fighting qualities blustered again in
his descendant, Sir rowland. But
the viscount fought for princes; Sir
Rowland for the poor. In 1853 his
fearless' originality and largeness of
view, flung itself into the question,
"How shall the poor -send letters at:
one shilling and four pence (33
cents) each?" The government hos
tile to him, insults and abuse his por
tion. yet he steadily pressed his
scheme-the penny stamp. Every
obstacle was thrown in his patll-. Par
liament foamed at the mouth, and
declared he would ruin the country,
and upset the throne. The official
world guffawed when he appeared
before a commission or postoffice in
quiry to describe his invention-the
penny stamp--"an adhesive postage
stamp, a bit of paper, just large
enough to bear the imprint of her
majesty's bust, and covered at the
back.with a glutinous wash."
But the diplomatic ability, and
the dare and push or his old ances
tor in his veins, carried him through
lio triumph for the people. On Jan
10, 1584, penny postage was estab
Ilished. The gross revenue rose from
1,l100,000 pounds to 4,000,000
pounds. The business of the money
order office multiplied 52 fold. Hon
]ors were now heaped upon him, and
'statues erected to num. He was
huried in eWstnminster abbey, Lon
don, the highest honor a grateful
nlalton could accord himn.
a: ý u
'hoth, the Ancient Egyptian Go(H of
Ancient Egypt was ,rte light of the
world. The first of the month,
Thorth, in the mnoveable Egyptian
year, dedinated to the great god of
letters, of' the Egyptian Pantheon,
corresponds, as Pliny estimates, with
ihis day of tie mnonth of August in
our Julian calendar. Aug. 11. It
would seem from tie records that
the elltire miionth of August was un
tler the protection an,. patronage of
this most beneficent and solemn di
ety in the lofty worship of the ani
cienlt Egyptians in their temples on
"Cod-intoxicated Nile." Thoth was
not. only the inventor of letters, and
the mnealns of colnmlnunicatlion betweenl
gods and men; lie was not only the
god who first discovered numbers
and the science of reckcloning-geom
etry and astronomny--also the games
of chess and checkers, but he was
tihe solemn scribe who registered the
action anid life of manti while on earth,
and the actions of the departed in
ihe mysterious realms of the dead.
lie presented these to Osiris, great
est of all the Egypt iant diet ies and
judge of the quick and the dead.
Thoth was ustually reproselnted as a.
hlit.tni figulre wilh tIhe head iof an
this, holding a tablet and a palmn
branch in his hands. In one of his
characters he corresponds to the
moon, and wore its disk upon his
head. He was worshiped at Her
Inopholis. and with special rites on
Aug. 11, as the dieficatron of the in
tellect. On the famouis Rosetta. stone
in the British museumn, London,
whose discovery in Egypt in the early
niiieteenith century furnished the first
land sole key to the interpretation of
Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, Thoth,
the god of letters, is called "Twice
('real," and the estanoisher of mil
lions of years" viz., the immortality
of great literature. Ancient Egypt
was the light of the world. She first
gave to the world the idea of' and
positive belief in the immortality of
the soul; she gave to the world its
architecture, letters, science of gov
ernment, the family idea, and-the
first female explorer and ruler and
advisor of kings- -thhe new woman
in ancient Egypt-Queen Hatasu,
who tdug the first Suez canal, ante
datlting de Lesse.ls by 4,0100 years.
I'rstline ('onvent lturmned at Charles
town, Mass., 1834.
The ministrations or woman indi
vidually and in conmunity have been
a wonder-spot of light in the dark
iess of Ihumnanity's warring passion.
PIrom the first deaconess mentioned
in the New Testamen-, "Phoebe, a
servant of the church, which is at
Cenchrea," to Florence Nightingale
and Jane Addamns or Hull House,
Chicago; through all the many orders
and sisterhoods of the churches, the
world has been brigtcened because
the ministering woman has been in
it. The Sisters of St. Vincent de
Paul went ankle-deep in blood to
find the wounded on the battlefields
of the Crimean war. Devoted woman
seems to have gained the calm power
in great crises which stern man might
envy. The Ursuline order of Sisters,
whose notable convent was burned
on Aug. 11, 1834, was founded by
St. Angela lMerici at Brescia, Italy,
ill 1537. Its patron saint was St.
Irisula, a Cornish princess of the
Franco-Gallis church of the fifth cen
tury. St. Ursula, witn 11,000 wom
en, was massacred at Cologne by the
Hluns. The Cathedral of Cologne,
which the cannon of tue allies spared
last year, famous for Its Gothic gran
deur, is the shrine of the bones of
these devoted women of the early
church. The work of the Ursuline
nuns today is the work of tihe educa
tion of girls.
The Progressive Shoe Shop
For first-class Shoe Repairing.
This is no second-hand cobbling
shop. First-class work only.
1721 Harrison Ave.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN