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Qhel8ntk Ba1 Ihd-dit
Issued Every Evening, Exzept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
kat.erd as emoond-Class Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postomce at Butte, Mentana
Pnder Act of March 8, 1879.
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MANGANESE AND MEN.
IIf any I'rther ipr'of Ihat the government of the Uniled
Stales, as operatinig noIi. . is a gi'verlenlle I (l' Ihe interests, for
the irnterests all hy lthe ilneresls, instlead it' a government of
the people. by the people aiid for the ipeople, we have ronly ito
consider the adlminislralionl's wheniu in hastening In pay niil
lions to the big miniing cimpanies I'or molires invested in man
ga'nese planis dluring the war and contlrast. that action w'ith Ihe
lii..gardlly way inl \\whicli the same administrlatior is trealinlg the
\\'Oiundedi, nmaimred and permanriently cilppledl boys who r.e
I rneied from Friance.
For instane. d.ling the last week ill ntle Ihe federal arin
emal reliel' board has been in sessionm. C(hlaims aggregating
somnething c(lose ti a million dollars were presented bly mining
companiies operating in this state, Ilhe claims being for armounts
invested in manganese pInills at a time w\\hen the manriga .inese
industry -was one of the mos prol'itable war indlstlries, which
dplants now\\' are not as necessary as they were tduring the war.
For instance, the Anaconda Copper Mining enompan y---thlla
nest of patriotic impulse. from which gunmene were sent forth
during the war 1to har'ry really patrinotic citizens who objected
to the compainy's dirty laclics; iii w'hich ipdolots ito lynch and as
sassinate others were hatched, anit in which the Ilag-waving
profiteers were given their 'lies Io minlel the putllici p lt iin a
claim f'or $542.7417.(s8.
The Anraconlda's claim is typical ofl the rest. It works this
liuring the war when manganese was needed in great quamn
tilies il the maIniacl' lllre ofl' m nitions and when the industry
carried exceptional profl'its. Ithe Anaconda cornmlany entered
into the manganese rbusiness. Nii onre ever heard the company
announce that it intendrid to sell its ,manganese to the govern
ment at cost: the inl'erence beinig that the companlny entered
into lthe business as at hilsiiness lpropositiorn. realizing that
through the plrodnction of' manganese great profits woitll ac
Ill conriectiirn with its entry i Ini the mangianese irirdslry the
Anacondr u Ionmpany stnrled erecltion of a l'terrol- mangalnese
plant at (;reat Falls. abalndonlingr previious iplans I'o'r a zinc pilant
at an estimated cost of a milliion and a hall', in order to enter
into the more prfl'itable prodnelioc of' nariganese. Aind, lby
the way, instled ot a new pli ant in iI new hnildiling, the illln
lpany utilizedi its old smelter' l 'ii'1 housing the maillganl ese mill.
P ila s were oile ti'r five I'furnl es, t11il when IIe rurnistice piut
fll enid to hoslilitiies, oiint lnhree had been c nstrlii' leid. Sitro
59i4,,l0 ton s of' riiiatl,'aliese 're hlail l i r aee e u lll telt ald . n t he
smelter on the dalte ofl the arminist ice, which, io couirse, plit ali
enid t the immediate rush tior nllllliganese.
Naturally, the Anaicondia Ciopper i\liiing conmpalry wa's Ithe
loser. Ini lthier wirds it hadil inveslted capital iii the ile niri ri 'ii'
ltimanganlese, tN when that demand ceiiasedt, tlihe eXlpetcled litl'
its in thie capildl iinv'eslted were not i l'ir'ltiu iniig.
Aniid law com'ies the tInitied Stales government with inl of'
fer' I Ireoe'uinutense all these naiiiiuln i ol'lnlirp u itions siiuch ai s Ithe
Aniacondia. us \well as hiundredis of' small'er oniies, 'iur all their'
Sthl e lcl isiti"i"' l is anhilt as ni asll tis li tt'el iiit s 11 t as ii
somtie neighborhood govery, anlticipating a r1un o mlhnlry
sojl.. sltocked u· p heavily \Jwith thtl h cJmmoa 1ily an l lthe rln 'ail
ing to materialize, the neighhourIholo ctlonstiers l'riton whiin
the grotcer expected i t make lirol'its t In the sales oi' Ihe sotlp,
came tii him and paid him rwhat lihe i\nvesledt in the soia, per
milling, him to retnin his stuck.
The lpropjsal (itf the govertiimeu INi reimurse the IIe man
ganese specutlarti s It'o their losses is exactly simiultr toI the
hypothhetical case of the grocer. Iii the case oil' the Anaconda
company. whicht. ,on a smaller scale iS exactly the same ais the
other claintanls, the comupany invested money in a piant, ex
jieting to matke hig i itl'ils; the rol'its Ifailing' in materialize,
the governmet. which would have paid lhe profits. steps in
and gives the coImpany what it had invested and lper'mits it to
still retain \ow anership in the plant.
Now, (culrasledi with this, let uits take lite case of the sohlier,
who. leavinrg, perhalps, a .osilion which paidi him $+15) pIer
nlmonlh, say, goes to work for the governente as ai soldier, sail
or or marine tor $3t0 per montlh. 'The soldier, sailor or marine,
has invested his btiod his miAl, his strength--his earning
Iower-in the war. In France he loses an arm. or a leg. or an
eye, or perhaps nacquires tuberc lusis, rhenumalism or some
other chronic ailment which diminishes his earning power. ile
comes back to the ltnited States a rilpple. unable blecautse ofl
his injuries to hold down his pre-war job at giood wages and is
lforced to take whatever jioh at wihatever salary he .alt earn.
Bit has anyonte heard of the United Stales government agree
ing to reimburse Ithat wounded soldier lfor the loss of the catpi
tal he invested in the war--his health, his strength, his arms.
legs, or earning power? We do not.
Of course, we have the burieau f war risk insurance. VWe
have the monthly allotments to partly or wholly disabled me n,
but in no inslance that has come to our knowledge is the com
pensation paid anywhere ineir I.ust or adequate.
For instance., in anotlher 'olu.mn of this issue appears a pen
and ink sketch of a wouidedl sihlier which appeared in "Sol
diers.' Sailors'. Marines'.' a plublicatlion issued at Washington
by returned war heroes, the official organ of thie American
Legion. The commuent which accompanied the picture, which
is drawn from life, states that this man, minus his right arm
and right leg--1 practially a helpless cripple for life, is $3.0 per
month. We have no way of knowing what the soldier in ques
lion earned belore-sihe war, but we are certainly sure that it
was greatly more I.an $30,. per month.
Now, how aboul this casre, and how about the thousands
more just like it? While the government is willing and anxious
to pay out millions to the already wealthy speculators who in
vested capital 'for the purpose of swelling their fortuues out of
war necessities, what is going to become of the meln like the
soldier shoiw ?
Certainly the soldiers did not invest actual cash in the war,
except inl the case of Liberty bond subscriptions, but the in
vestmeiit of each soldier was infinitely greater than the hun
dreds of thorusands ilnvested( by the Anaconda company. Each
soldier investedl his body. his very life, and, iin the cases of those
\.ho dietd there canl be no restitutiion- the government cannot
bring their poor mangled dead bodies back to the pulsating
life that was theirs before they fell on the field of battle, but
Ilie goverinelit rua and should hesitate about paying millions
Io the minirng speculators when they limil a relurned soldier,
iuch as the one shown ii, the drawing in this issue, to $30 a
The governnmlnt's action in the manganese eases as eon
Irasted with its action in the cases of the common soldiers, dis
plays what Ile ltnlletin has maintained and continiies to main
lain-. - t-Ihat Ithe war was not a war fought, to make the "world
sal'e Icfor dellemocra.." bilt was brought about and fought he
('llle IJ ('lcll 'ercial realsonl , the reasons of big business, of
which the copper trust is a shining member. And we further
leelar'e our strengtlhened belief in what we have already de
clarecd--thal whilte the overwhelming majority of the boiys who
weta i war m ditl so because of a principle, they have been
ProleCli ig speculators from loss of profits expected throuigh
the exploidtion of our soldiers in battle and at the same time
denying the victtims of the war any reasonable protection may
he "good business" from the standpoint of the interests; but
we venture to say that the acts will not be passed by by the peo
ple as a whole--the returned soldiers especially. But they do
serve to show the cause of the present. seething "unrest,"
namely, that our government is a government of, for and by the
Iig interests anid not of the people.
Montana, in past years, has been noted for its eorr'upt pol
ilics and corporationll domination of the executive and judicial
offices of the slate. We have had instances--many of them
of hribery andl i is a malter of common knowledge and record
that at least one man paid a good-sized fortune to secure clec
tion to the United States senate. Instanees in which the men
of the state were given unlimited booze and Montana was
plungled inlot a two, thiree or tour day orgy of dilrlkenness by
rival candidates are not unknownii.
In more recent history we have had instances of ballot biox
stful'fing. voting of' dead persons and non-residents. clubbing
and heating of judllges, checkers and watchers at the polls,
.when those pelrsons were opposed to the corporate interests'
All in all, Montana's political, executive and ,judicial history
cain be slimmed up in lhe one word-corruption..
Ituit, with all the state's past history of corrnuptlion in polities,
never, even in the palmiest days of the Daly-Clark, lieinze
Amalgamated fights, never has there been perpet.rateed by the
Ipolitical buzzards of the corporate interests such open-faced,
brazen delfiance of the people's rights and prerogatives as has
beeni sltaged duilring the special session of t lie state legislature
which is now in session.
N\ever bel'ore has the oligarchy of capilal and polilicians so
openly flouted the people, and, abandoning all camouflage,
sthow\vn themselves up in their tirue light.
The actionls of the '-same slimy political gang ' at Helena
ldurinig the special session betray feanr, fro' nolhing less thanl
fIear o a milleniumn in which the .people will once and for all
overthrow\\ tile forces of iprivileg' and corruptlion, could have
'nullsedl such pimst mlasters in thLi art iof diplmnatie political
cr'iioboediless iis, for instanice, Hig'gins 0of' NMissoiula, Meyer nidtl
tKelley of Illle, to display such' brazeniless ill the service of
\\orld eventIs duIting Ihe hasl two yearis have shown Ihe trend
Il' thiiigs. i'Events have shlowin that ill eveiry couniiitry oil tlhe
globe the people--tlhe iindeir-paid wage slaves, the exploited
----- ihave coiiie to thliir seniises and are dleteriiii ned that things
iiiust ('change and Ithe exploiters of' todaiy must exploit no more.
Foi' centurlllies the workers in all countries, the Uniled States
loinilg them, have been ground down until at last. Ihey have
rIcilie'hel Ihe poit where thle.' can stanid no imor'e. Convulsions
ill llissia. , ler alnlii y, lHungary and iii other counitries have al
icady overthr'\\'owni tihe exploiters indl l inte lmvement is spread
iing. TI'lie mpeople at last have ,comne lto an Ialmost iinanimous
'iiconcluision thlt iitocra('cy, whether iI' '.yalty or industry, is
Anid niowhliei're in the United Stales has that determination on
the pal of' fthe Ipeople become more prioniunced than inl Moni
llilna. And iti is this fear---this thought of tIhe peoplle's march of
progress iniov'ilig relentlessly on--lthat has haisteied the acts of
ihe corporations which conlltrol oll' state politics, has maide
thmiii cast lpre.ltensiie uside and ini ilone hold mastler stroke attempt
io s Iislei them iselves on tihe people's hacks that tIhey caninot
ever he sihaikeni oft'.
The peopllle ellacted a pi'i imary law. w\\hich look away from
the corporations the power to name their own eandidates
willy-nilly at closed colivenliions, where atll that was necessary
for Iheii to control the machineryl ' of' stale ipolities was to coln
trol the maclhineiie 'y of' tie con\velntions. Last wintei, in an e'
fort to Irega'iii somile oft' the slllte-makliig power denied Ihem
intder the direct primiiary law. thie corporatl ions had bills pro
losing amendmentiis ito the law enacted byiv the legislature land
suihniilled to Ithe people. But tihe people \walnt no amendments;
Ihey are perfectly satisfied with the law ias it is. Hence, we
saw tlhouisainds iof pelitiois. bearing signatures of the common
peoIlpe, filed lt tIhe state house pintesling against even ii lhe
submihssion of any such proposed amendmentes.
Awa\ie tha eveni Iliooiigh hey forced the issue and thlrough
the machinations of' a i rul'ulpt court cnaused tihe allmelldments to
be sulhbiilled, they wouild be voted down, and, realizing that-it
is a maltler of only one more election when Ithe corrupt forces
of the statle will le ove'rthrown. the conrporatiions, through their
political lools at lielen., decided to stake all on one lthrow of
tihe dice. A special session was called. ostensibly to provide
relief' for rouitilh-slricken farmers. lHlowever, no measures for
the relief of the farmers have beenm adopted and, from every
UThe Rear Guard HAT If [L
(rOUl I AWAY1, HEy
1He with iWpliRMEýDIS
wOag 0 3iyj NEVER F All OVER .flf
AXLE Mi bwCA IM i 9 ROAA
UUbaTO (E LO Oh WAI
BREAK AN It be IN 'ý lll1 Nt
AXLE Ilill CORNS . RIKE '(I4
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(Os-at~t) LY~r ~ : i: / j ii:1:.
indication, none will be adopted, while the entire time of the
legislators has been taken lup with the introdnetion and pas
sage of such hills as the one repealing the primary by legisla
live enactment withonut giving the people a voice in the mat
tecr, and the proposition Ito appoint Iwo more judges to the sul
preme clllurt, hlbh as emergency measures, "necessary or tlihe
public peace and safety," and holh directly in opposition to the
wishes of the people and in open deftiance of the rights of the
people to decide these matters for themselves.
In 1776 Ihe colonists revolted and threw off the atnlhorily o'
EIngland ibecause they objected to bei nug taxed witho it repre
sCelatioml; in 161 the North and the South w\'ere Ihrown inlt
a bloody war over a (ljestlion of states' rights. The blood Ihal
ran ini the veins the f the armers of' the 13 colonies and also in the
veins of' tIhe combatlulits in the civil war flows today in the veins
,f the farmers, thle mechanics anid the workers of Montana.
In Montana now, the Anaconda C;opper Mining company, and
its allied interests, not only seeks to tax the people of the state
withoiut representation; not only seeks, but does abridge the
rights of' the state--the pieople; and goes even further and
strikes atl he very t'undamen als of popIllar government.
Will history repeat itsell' in Montana? We believe it will.
Bly no strelch of' the imagination can we see the people of the
stale---the sovereign Iree peiople of Monlnar, who, who, although
the inltstrial slaves of the corporate, interests, are never'the
less sllturenme in Iheir know\vledg'e that all power within the slate
emanates will Ith them, agreein'g to the riepeal 'of' the pri mary by
legislative enactment. or Io the additioni l' two subservient,
copper-collared judges to the supreme bench.
'.They have reached the lpint where they cannot andl will nol
longler stand for Ihe nilnocl'ertic and tdisgracef.ro 'iil e of tile many
by the few'.
Who knows btl thint the special session will, through its
very brazenness, serve at least one good pu0rlpose--to hasten
Ihe day of the amnalgamnation of' the people to the end that
henceforth thle peOple ani rinot tIlie corptorations anid their car
riupltionists, \will rile.
NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of
publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the
good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of
the paper or.ly; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under
this head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
To hulletin Readers: Frequently
'ontributions for this column are re.
celved by the Bulletin, but cannot
he published because of the fact that
the writer haIs signed an anonymous
signature, but has withheld his true
name and address. Oftentimes these
communnlcations bear on subjects of
grave importance that are of great
It nmy be stated here that no com
munications which do not bear the
signatures of the contributors will be
accepted for this column. The fact
that we require all contributors to
.ign their contributions with .their
true names and addresses does not
necessarily mean that the signature
will be printed. An anonymous sig
nature for publication of the Bulletin
and as an indication of good faith
we require tlhat the writer make his
or her identity known to us.-The
We recently read the statement in
a prominent magazine that there
were millions of undernourished
children in our public schools. We
We all know that for years Amer
lean made goods and American food
stuffs have sold for muhen less in
Europe, Asia and South Africa than
they do at home. We know it to be
a fact that in Butte teachers arb told
to give pupils, who fail In their
school work passing grades, so that
they may go to work. We consider
this a crime against the child as his
too short school life must be farther
abbreviated so that he can rush aft
er the dollar and furnish more cheap
labor for his employer.
We notice many of our bright
eighth grade pupils employed in a
certain store of this town at the re
ported munificent wage of 0.50 'per
We Americans need to learn-what.
the dollar won't buy, as well as what
it will buy. 'rite common people are
being slowly and surely driven to the
wall---but they will have a desperate
fight coming, as the survival of the
race is at stake.
We are speaking for the child be
cause the child of the future must be
more grown up mentally than the
present generation of adults. Look
at the childish way in which men
handle the vital business of the na
Profiteers put up prices. Then
wages must be raised that man may
live. This gives the railroad men
and others another excuse for boost
ing prices. Everything being high,
land values are inflated until land
goes away beyond the reach of the
young man without capital.
Think what 160 acres of farm land
and the equipment for farming it, in,
say, Iowa, costs a man at present.
The land sells at $400 per acre, ma
chinery, stock, etc., will cost him a
good $5,000 more.
Land and labor are our only
sources of wealth and of the two,
land is the most fundamental. In
Africa a man may gather wild fruits
and nuts and live, and the value of
labor counts but little.
Civilization is becoming so exces
sively complex that we are forced to
look out for each other or the race
will perish. Men with large families
in Butte are putting their children
out to work as soon as they can be
gotten out of the schools by fair or
foul means. This means a lot morer
of mental weaklings to fall prey to
the men who so easily rob the ignor
The war had a most pernicious ef
fect on America in that,it gave the
profiteers an excuse for boosting the
price of everything under the sun.
When.we get to the point where we
can put a lot of them in the peniten
tia-ry we will reap our war indemnity.
Our industrial autocrats are the
most conceited men on the face of
the earth. They think their money
can save them at all times and in all
places. But the czar was wealthy,
fani where is he?
Cnminlns says the country is go
lng to smash unless something is
done. We sowed the dragon's teeth
long ago when we granted so much
of our valuable land to the railroads,
oil and coal companies, etc.
We let the monopolies get hold of
our great natural resources not
realizing how a full grown crop of
dragons would appeal to us. Now we
are at our wits end and we will con
tinue to be until we devise some
other means of handling our national
resources. Wages go up, then liv
ing goes tiup more than the increase in
wages until in the near future it will
be impossible for any laboring man
to keep a family.
"Time makes ancient good un
couth," says the poet. We are just
beginning to learn that our present
industrial system won't work. We
have got to evolve a new one, and,
no matter how conservative a man
is, if he has the brains of a jelly
fish, he knows that something has to
Warren S. Stone may advocate a
firing squad for the profiteers, but
only a new gang will arise under
some other guise unless we can train
the future generation to be wiser
than their fathers. We need not
blame the profiteers as much as the
system that allows them to grow.
In conclusion, I wish to say that
we will have to have a new system of
land ownership, a, new tax system
and more intelligent people. We
encourage profiteering in child labor
in Butte. Why then, kick about it,
only along other linien. The packers
and other monopofies own us at pres
ent and we are fools if we 'won't ad
mit it.. Look at the cost of shoes,
keroselie, gasoline, etc.
Modern surgery arrived nowhere,
until things were put on a scientific
basis. The medicine man with his
charms and incantations, was just
as sensible and efficient as our pres
pnt trust-forming pirate - breeding
system of governnrent.
We give railroads millions of acres
of our best land and foster in them
the very things we punish them for.
It is like training tip a boy to be a
thief and then puntising himefor be
ing one. Why do shoes cost its so
mnuclh-=aid how long '.does -anyone
think it will take to find the cllprit?
We' admire our. legislature's ef
forts In our behalf but we sincerely
believe that they. will he largely
futile. We have a mighty big ex
periment coming befbre we.:get on a
more scientific basis.
M. B. C.
Victor, Mont., Aug. 4, '19.
Editor Bulletin: I would like to
say a few words about the high cost.
of living. The people of Butte are
getting robbed, as we all know; but
the people of the Bitter Root. valley,
too, are surely up against it.
Our local mercantile company is
robbing us to a finish here. Toma
toes and corn are 25 cents a can;
three bars of chean laundry soap are
a quarter, and other, things about the
I noticed where one store in Butte
was advertising 22 bars of laundry
soap for $1; here it is 12 bars for $1.
Butte stores quote tomatoes at 15
cenits a 'can not so 'long ago, The
people in Butte think eggs are too
high at 50 cents a dozen.
I am in the poultry business, but
I will quit, as soft wheat is $4.50
We have to pay 30 cents a pound
for steak off an old cow, and the
same butchers here are offering 20
cents a pound for liens and 25 cents
for young chickens.
If the proper authorities don't
make a move mighty soon to shut
off these pirates, the people will take
it in hand' themselves.
I thought I would write to the
Bulletin, antd hope you will show up
this gang. Yours truly,
Miles City, Mant.,
Aug. 7,'. 1919.
Editor Bulletin: , .
The fuel question in this city is
quite a problem."- Coiul'is $9 per ton,
and a. dollars 'wQrth of wood can'be
carried home at one trip.
The Milwaukee. Railroad company
has a large amount of scrap .wood
from the repairing of cars, but in
stead of selling it to employes, the
wood is burned in huge bonfires.
Today two whole cars were
"lumped over and fiae.d. Is this fuel
Attention, I. Wi. W. No. 800.
Regular bnsine.a'dieeting of Butte
branch of iMetal Mine =Workers' In
dustrial union,..No. 800, tonight, at
8:p. m., at 318 N. WVyomingstreet.
usineass of Importance.