Newspaper Page Text
"Muddling Through" I
The story of how we came to intervene, told by Col. Ray
mond Robins, commander of the American Red Cross in
(The president says we are to re
main in Russia indefinitely; congress
has not yet spoken. Our policy in
Russia is the most important foreign
question before us today. These ar
tidles, with original documents are
drawn from the experiences of Col.
Raymond Robins, a man who went in
his youth as a miner to the Klondike,
struck it rich, devoted his money to
humllanity, first camne into prominenceI
in the fight for civic decency in Chi
cago, later in the Men in Religion
ForwardMovement, and then as one
of the leaders in the ptrogressive
party and the personal friend of The.
lotore Roosevelt. He was selected by
ourl government as a Inmembler' of tlhe
lied Cross ilission to Russia, and
later on, with the withdrawal of hiri
chief, Col. William Thompson. he be
tcanie the commnnander of that mission.
He was for six months unofficial rep
resentative of the United States gov
erncent. with the soviet government
of Russia, with credentials front our
ambassador. )--Editor's note.
IV. Trotsky and Brest-Litovsk.
"In the Tauride palace in Petro
grad, during the second week of Jan
uary, 1918, the third all Russian con
gress of soviets met. Should tley en
dorse the actions of their delega~si
at Brest-Litovsk up to to ha inime?
This was the quletinlln . onfront1ilng
them. They caime from all parts ofl
Russia, sent by village and city so
viets. to settle this question.
"There was no war party in Rus
eta, none whatever! The only ques
tion was which party could get the
best peace. The aristocrats wanted
peace by calling in the G(ermans to
support the old order in Russia and
continue tihen in possessionl of their
"Kerensky and his group wanted
peace through the allies, and tried in
vain for months to secune econolni;c
aid and the moral aid which a state
ment of allied war aims would have
given them. The bolsheviki wanted
peace through a world-wide proletar
"Trotsky. returning from BTrest
Litovsk, was faced by a difficult
situation. So was Lenin. fto thai
lantil.r. biut it was Trotsky's job and
Trotsky managed his own jobs.
"There was counlter revoluttionl in
ihe Uakraine where the French were
ianvading Russia. lMust more iRus
sian blood be shied? Russia was sick
'·'Pharr. w·on olon n rrlan.n ir h
'There was also a group in the
soviet advocating an imperialistic al
liance with the allies, and this was
hurting Trotsky's hope of a revolu
tion among the workers of Germany
'"Most serious of all were the ac
iual terms of iteace. Trotsky had
said honestly that he would sign no
peace except a democratic peace,
based on 'no annexations, in indlm
nities, self-determination of peoples.
The Germans had agreed to this
general formula. A week later Caltle
their specified ernts. They ex
pected Trotsky and iLenin, like good
diplomats, to save their face biy the
general agreement, and keep hll'
specific terms from wide circulation
and understanding among the Ruis
"But the bolsheviki proclaimed
the specific terms to the world and
denounced them throughout Russia
as a betrayal. and a robber's peace.
"For the first lime there was a
real division between Trotsky and
Leniu. 'Let its refuse to sign.' said
Trotsky, 'and call upon the Germnlan
workers to rise.' 'They will not
rise,' said Lenin, 'they are too well
trained to obedience.'
"In the executive conimmittee of the
congress, Lenin gave his reasolns
quiet and direct. Trotsky spoke
with fire, the flaming orator of the
revolution. The :ommittee sustain
"After the meeting I said to Le
Asia Throttled by Britain
Iy HilREl\ 1)R A KAiTR.
Every little trouble in Europe
throws the entire world into uproar
oun excitement, but the strangling of
Asia. which is being carried on per
sistently and systemauntailly, does not
disfurb in the least the minds of
those who advocate freedom for all
If aniap is consulted it will ho
clearly seen who owns Asia.
Great Britain controts, iules ani
exerts spheres of influence over the
following territories in Asia and near
(a Union of South Africa, Ger
tlata East Africa. Egypt.
Consummation of the idea of Cape
to Cairo and Cairo to Calcutta rail
road becomes a. possibility.
(b, Hedjaz. a newly created in
dependent kingdom. under the man
(date of Great Britain. This includes
most of the French zone given by
the Sykes-Picot treaty, 1916.
(c' Mesopotamia: (d s Persia:
soviet Russia has long since re
nounced its interest in northern Per
(e Baluchistan: (fi India; (g)
Thibot; (h ) Burma : (i iMalay penin
sula; t.i the Szechenen and Yuman
provinces. and the Kwantung region
forming the littoral of Canton,
China; (k) Hongkong.
To safeguard the interests of those
tenritoties Britain maintains strong
strategic positions which encircle the
The southern. or Cape route to the
east. is will fortified. Here are the
stations of Cape Town, Sierre Leone,
St. HIelena, and Mauritius. All along
the principle route of the far east
by way of the Mediterranean and the
Red sea there are heavily fortified
stations; Gibraltar. Malta. Aden.
Bombay, Calcutta, Trinoomabe, Sing
apore, Hongkong, and Wei-Hai-Wei.
In Oceana there are also fortifica
tions at King George's sound. Thurs
day island, Melbourne. Sydney, Auck
land. Hobart, Adelaide, Wellington,
and other places.
'P'r, nce eastward across the Pacific
are more stations---Vancouver and
Eaquimalt in the north Pacific. Cross
inlg the American continent there is!
-lalitax on the north Atlantic, and I
nin: 'Commissioner, you did not use
your full power. Why did you not
"He smiled: 'Tr'otsky believes the
German workers will rise. I know
they will not. But am I God? If
T'rot'sky can minake them rise, it is
well that he should try.'
"'So Trotsky went before the third
all Russian congress. tie had a hard
cause to plead. The counter-revoliu
tionaries were saying: 'The bolshe
viki cannot make peace. See whal
terms they are offered. We can make
an imnperialistic peace for you on bet
"They are also saying: 'Talk of
secret treaties. Trotslky is nmaking
thell nio. with America. with Walt
street wilth Coloniel Rol ins! lie is
giving away conI'essioins to these
"They are also saying: 'There has
ieen enough shedding of blood. Let
us end this civil war that conies lie-
cause of tile bolsheviki.'
Trotskv rose, with his black hair
llying and his eyes flashing. HIe
spoke of the war of the classes. Civil
war. civil war was the dnty of every
cfree Hussian, until iRussia was free.
I lever believed that such a spleechl
cnlid be made on behalf of civil war,
for the killing of onie's own.
A:llied imiperialists! H11 raked
them fore and aft! Were the bol
sheviki deceived by these peoplpe?
"British liberty! He sneered at it.
telling of Ireland, of the starved
ipeons of India. the capitalist exploi
tation of the English wolves:
"'America! I've lived there.' He
told of the east side of New York. the
sweated daulghter's of the poor. 'Even
here in Russia the American Red
'Cross spends a million to corruptl the
socialists of Russia!
'France! With her thirty hi- I
lion francs loaned to keep the Cos
sack whip and sword over us for 311
yearls' 'T'onight, as we sit here,
F'encht officers and French artillery
are killing Ruissian comrades on the
plains of Bessara'bia, for the imnperi
alists of the world! D)o yeou think we
are deceived by them? Supporting
the l.aiser against us. even while
they ask us to keel) on fighting both
them asnd G'ermanly
"Perace Asiredly we. call mlake
peace. We will make any ktind of
peace that will save the revolution):
'Thie i.erniall tcoitrades will rise to
• .r .,..... 1..... n .~....... . . 1. l .. ....~....
"I i ave heard many of the great
oralors of earth, hut I never heard
a man like Trotsky. He is the master
3 orator of the world. He swept the
Speople with him. Ini spite of civil
war. in spite of the terms of peace
-lwhich had been oftered, they en
It drsed his workl and sent him bactk.
w ith power to act
"11e went hack--and refused to
sign. Corlfronted with the specific
terlls. he I:nnolunced that Russia
s could no longer fighlt and thle war
was over. but that the terms were
i-impossible. He called upon the Goe
I man workers to rise. He stalked
llfrom the room and went hack to Rus
sia. And true to the pr'omise- he had
I made to sign nothting hut a demo
eratic peace. Trotsky never signed
the treaty of TBrest-Litovsk!
It was his great hour and his
I great gestlure-- on a stage ill frollt
of all the world, calling to the pro
letarial of the world. Bit the pro
letariat did notl answer - noti then.
I The Ge(trmanlts marchr d forwaurd into
I titrsia. and Louin, taking commanld,
I sent a delegation of little men to
signi. They signed without reading
I the terls and stated to the world
that they signed thuls, at the point of
"And exhausted Russia. ragilng
against the GermLan robbers. waited
lfor the fourth all itussian congress."
ToIortrow: 'Trotsky and lBrest
southtward the HIermuldas and St. Lu
iia, Jalaica and other stations in the
WVtest Indies. In0 the southwestern
ti llti.c. The Falkland islands are
held by the British.
The Indian ocean is a point of
strategy for naval action in the west
i er Pacific, in south Atlantic and the
Meditterianean. ii thus has a dtirct
influence over the defense of Canada,
Australia and South Africa. SouthI
Africa. India., and Australia are atl
the three corners of the triangular
Indian ocean, and India is at the ver
India is the connectling link of all
these fortresses. Without India,
E nglaitd ntight be only the Unitted
Kingdom with some colonies in the
Altlericas. India has been forced to
'reate the British empire with lnll
Inll accorldaltCe with tile census of
India of 1911, ntail of fighting age
between 1S and 51 in India ntumber
7:.5 18.558. The people of the world
inust recognize the fact that. with
ithis hge imttan power the British can
itdominate any part of the world, as
she has been doing itn the past.
Arthur Ponsolnhy, ex-M. P. British
parliamlent, has pointed out that
Englanlld has added to her acctunu
lated territories nearly 1.41 S. 29
square miles in the last war. The
world should also remember that the
British house of colllumons. by a. vote
of 195 to 58, gives the govertllllcnt
ipower by an order in council to treat
all lerritories which Britain is o' ad
tinister under the League of Na
:iont as a part of the British empiret.
There lias been much talk abollt
Shani!unitg Let its pause for a mo-I
mern and look again at the map of
Asia. ITwo-thirds of entire Asia is
unllder control of England. England
controls 27.5 per cent of China. while
Japan not morle thllan one per cent.
Freedom of India frees Asia. and
breaks the backbone of British im
,erjalism. Is it, then, not the duty
of every lover of humnanity, justice
and liberty, to see that such menace
as that of imperialism is forever
crushed to make the world safe for
- - -- - ·
PLOT TO FORCE
Articles Clling Attention
to Conditions in Mexico
Explained by Man Who
San Francsto. Aug. i,. News-.1
pape articles calling al-nion to al
legeid disiurb,-d conditions in Mexico
hla. ' r'ently been appear!ing in large
nlumblrs in ,ertaini newspapwers ini
the west. i Many'of fthese are ptt dollh
Iunder the nanme of or in connection
with. an organization knowns as the
Na tioll Association fr tllhe Protei
tion of Amnerican Right in Mexico.
uiit what. in his opinion, the real
imporl t of these articles is. has beeni
explained to a replresenltative of the
Christian Science -Monitor by John
It. Phillips, who has investigated and
is thoroughly famriliar with the whole
problem of American-M.exican rela
"This movement for intervention
is also part of a republican campaign
to discredit the Wilson administra
tion and according to present plans
it will be made a part of the next
presidential campaign. Thie plan is
to go before the pleople anld assert
that the democrats have failed to
bling about restoration of order in
Mexico and that intervention in that
co ulntry untder repuiblicrall auspices
will be neccessary.
"This intervention propaganda is
being carried on in Europe as well
as in the Tunited States. American
officers anld men, whenli parting froml
one another on returning froom
France to the United States. say:
'Goodbye, I'll see you in Mexico.
The soldiers on the streets of San
I F'rancrisco repeat: The next war will
be with tMexico." In fact, the army is
saturated with intervention propa
ganda. Even when the disturbances
in Mlexico that they tjienrselves harve
financed have died down and all is
quiet below the Rior Grande, these
intervenrtionists. the army men and
ol.hers who accept the suggestions of
their propaganda. go on repeating:
'ilexicrro must be cleaned tip ---we have
got to send all army down there.
"The sudde.n recrudescence of this
piropaganda in intensified forn is evi
dentt on all sides. A large and influ
elntial Pacific coast newspaper that
until recently has held a sane atti
rude on this subtjet, has suddenly
becolime an eager interventionist. This
is a reDublican rpaper. however', and
this sudden switch is in line with tho
plan to make Mexican intervention a
tacrt v issue.
"Another strong interventionist or
gan says: 'The pleus of Bonillas.
Mlexico's amnbassador' to the United
States, mnay be accepted by the state
departnlenl, hut they will not inter
feore with the determination of the
republican nlnaority in congress to
demuand from Mexico ffull reparation
for crinmes against American nation
als in Mexico if interventionl is to be
avoided.' lBut the fact that Mexico
publicly announces thIlr she is ready
to tmake reparation is, of coulrse.
''Another interventionist paper de
scribes the killing of a single Amer.
icall in Mexico as 'a. new series of
Salllple of Prolpaganda.
'Tthe most notorious and voluble
of thle interventioln propaganda otr
gans is still anllother stand-pat re
publican newspaper of large influ
once onil the Pacific coalst, using muany
columns of so-called news a.nd much
editorial latter almuost daily. Here
is a sanmple in black-faced type:
'Mexico's days as a plague spot are
numlbered. The land of ruin, lllrder.
Oc.onomllic tragedy nllld anarchy is to
be immediately purged, disinfected
slid put1 ill a straightjacket. Presi
dent Wilson will soon send a special
mnessage to congress modeled Inuch
along the lines of the Mc.Kinley mIes
sage regarding Gtuba. This time
there will be no turning back. Such
tarmlied forces ils are necessary-, army,
navy, marines, air service- will co
And so thlie propaganda goes o1n.
Whereas. as a mattter of fact. 1 amii
convinced that President Wilson will
do no Slf1h thilng. There will hbe no
armed intervention in Mexico while
Mr. Wilson is president. Surely the
American people will not elect a pros
ident with virttual instruction to be
gin war upon a neighbor nation in
Financing of "Revolutions."
"''The otccasiont for this recrudes
cence of the propaganda at the pres-1
eut tilme is interesting. [t was all
timed to go off in colnjunction with
tihe atih ities cf various revolutionary
leaders inl .exi'co. Illt those leaders.
sent down tlhere and financed by
American inltervetnti0nists were dis
posed of by the Mexican government
forces. Villa's and Angeles' elabo
rately staged and widely heralded op
orations were abortive. 1l1anque aslid
s/Zapala werl'e killed. All of this left
the propaganlda which was to syni- I
chronize on tile Amnterican side with
the activity of Iltese handits. Itiglih
and dry ad dry, and withonu excuse for its
existencell. Iult as the lpropagailldul
organs were ready for flunctioning
they were allowed to go on with theirI
work of pouring their poison into
the Amlnerican press in a lust des
paarate effort to accomlplish their pur
"'The principal question between I
the Mexican government and the for
eign oil interests ill Mexiro today is
whether the latter will obey the Mex
ican law or continue to defy ilis law
and refer their difficulties to the
United States departmuent of state.
Of courtse they say that these laws
are confiscatory, but from personal
knowledge of tile situation I can say
that there has not been a single
case of actual eonnfiseatiopl cXept fori
cause. There have 1beenl forfeitures.
however, for failhure to (omply withl
contracted conditioits of ttconcessiolns
)ecisions on th se qliatiillons mlade hI
the Mexican governlnelnt are sulbjec'
to review in tlie Mexican courts as
suclh mnatters are etdiiusted in cur own i
country. I anm sure the Mexican gov
ernment will be glad to have all
these affairs referred to their sn
prelne court in /t regular way. It
will be time enough to refer thebin
Two New Problems Before
the Government Affecting
Relations Between United
States and Mexico.
(Special UInited Prs1 \- i-e.)
Washington. Aug. 18.- Two new
problems affecting the reiatinns be
I ween the United States anid Mexico
-Ire before the govternlent. The
most impressing is ithe repolt frotm0
the border of the kiduapping of two
aviators by Mexican bandits. The
other is the ousting fron t Mexico
City of the sole remaining repre-l
sentative of the British government.
Both developments calnt, o(n tile
heels of the note to Ca'rranlZ. wat'ln
ing him of a radical change of policy
toward Mexico. unless safety to
Americans was assured. If it be
comes necessary to act. wii hd rawal
of support to the Carranza govern
ment will probably be the first step.
Officials here are silent on wheth
er the new developments in the Mexi
can situation is considered of saffi
cient gravity to act on the warning
given Carranza. Holding of tie avi
ators is taken as further tpr0of of
Carranza's lack of control in many
sections of his country.
DAY IS BIC SUCCESS
(By Cnited Press..
Cheyenne. Wyo.. Aug. 18----There
was an eastern school teacher at the
Cheyenne Frontier Days Celfo)rationi
who thought a bulldog figured in
the steer bulldogging event.
Blut she was not so far from the
truth, as were old tIilters who pre
dieted that "Chian" couldn't stage
thle great annual sihoow withoutl
"booze." The celebration just held
was the first under prohibition. And I
it was the most, successful of the
frontier days. Crowds ranging tup to
20,l000 daily assured that next year
and for many years----without liqluor
-tile cowboys will hold forth in
their annual festival.
Tent, colonies of auto tourisis,
spread out11 on the plain,, near ('hey
eune, attestetd to the widespread
popularity of bronclho busting, rop
ing, steer butldogging antd horse rec
ing. Cowbolys from Chicago to Walla
IWalla and Cody to Fort Worth were
l!ter'ed in the contests.
....---.--. .-- ---... --. . -.. -.-. 0
o" ---.---------------- -- -- ---0----.-.--o
The Legitimate Hold-Up
He travels around in his touring
car. all 5dolled antl decked in
While we poor devils sweat and toil
too tired to ever smile.
He reaches out. this octupus great
with tentacles thoutsands and
And sucks the blood from everyone
of the down--lrod, stfferiing
A good aqluaro Inmeal is a luxury, a
rest a thing unknown.
Hle enjoys the fruits of our daily
toil. the fruits of the seeds
IHe hands us out our nmeas,ly bit al
the end of every weelk.
While he wines and dines and bards
aind clinthas- -fat and groomed
When we shuffle off this mortal coil.
Whether it's John or Bill or Sault,
It's all the sanme to the prof'ieer.
For he doesn't give a damn.
---MINNI E RICHARDS SMITH.
to the diplomatic service if the courti
fails to render just decisions."
Ihnterveninitionistl and Bhandits.
"As a inatter of fact, however. I
am satisfied that it can be proved
that these iane interests that are
putting forth this propaganda have
paid bandits for raids intended to
prove that the Mexican authorities
"These minor outrages which oc
cur in Mexitco and of which so much
is made in this propaganda, wrich
outrages otne would not condone tin
der any circumstances, are in fact
similar tIo those that occur in tihe
IUnil.td States every day. When they
take place' in the United States. how
ever. they are looked upon as merely
manifestations of crime, while when
they toc'ur in Mexico tile intervention
junta. which has been organized for
t-he ptlrttlse. at once spreads over tile
world the itlea that the whole people
of Mexii,, are participants in thelse
local octlltrrelces. While the fact is
----and I Iknow this from long personial
'contaet with the Mexican people---
the the Mlexicans are as a whole un
tisullaliy we l--ordered in their ilahits,
astlonls aind ways of living.
('onditions in Mexico.
"I'EvenP dllling the actual revoilu
lion. when there were no organized
St lite gillvelttnl lle ts it sntite regions
of the cot ntryv. local officials continll
ied to exeutll o their duties, such as
thil- r''gisatation of public documents
and thie mailntenance of lucal ri(,glita
tiltns. iln a manner that had no conln
terpart tnder similar uprisings and
r'evolutionls in Europe. In fact titost
pelple are very formal and syste
imatic in theitr work and it is not
tru'e to say that even int revolutionutryv
titt!S the orderly processes of gov
ernlllent and living were ahandotled
lay reason of the propaganda that,
is now so active. many Atll'ric:tlns
lhave ctttle ti iose their trule perspe'.c
tive on tmatters in Mexico. For ex
almpil -- it is a regrettable fact that
dtlring a peri.d of 10 years of di,
Itrbauce in \lexico something likty
liti Aintericans have been killed, but
no sensible person will maintain that
there acts were done eff'ially; and
our trite perspective in this conner
tion is restored only when we recall
the fart that during this samle period
somethiing like HS0.uiii) or flttl0iii
homnicides have occutrred in the Unit
BAIL IS WANTED
WITHOUT FAILFOR THE
MIEN WHO ARE INJAIL
Hundreds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country
because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims
of the \orld-wide class war are a.wating trial--and have been waitine
rI',r many weary mionihs for the speedy trial guaranteed them by the
Utnited States Conslit.tion. Otlhers w ere tried and sentenced to terms
renging from one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria,
and appeals in their' cases are anuw being taken from King Capital drunk
to ling Capilal sober.
Some of the prisoiiners' have escap ed by death, others are dying, many
have contIrac.ted tuberculosils and ihlier loathsome diseases, and all are
sotf'fering untold agony from close con inement in the fetid atmnosphere,
from insanitary and unhealthy surroundings, from poor and insufficient
l',odc aid from inhumarin treatment accorded them by brutalized guards.
Past attempi to se cure bail for all of these workers in jiiil have not
beeni atlended with great success because of the lack of system. In
dividuals soughiit to secure bail for Iheir personal friends, and failing to
get thie nlecessary an-ouiit they returned wha.t had been collected, thus
maki g I.their entire efforts ft'ruilless. This was the condition facing the
dlelegates from all thie western district organizations of the Industrial
Workers of the World whent they met in conference on July 3 and 4 in
Seattle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing means
A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of
collecting hail and a nation-wide drive, has been started to secure the
loan of cash, Liberty Bonds arnd property sufficient, to gain the release
of all ,.lass \ar prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou
sand I)ollars were raised in the first five days. More thani Two HIutn
dred TIhhousand tmollars are needed to release those now being held for
their Labor activity.
Snirms of Five Dollars and up are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib
er ,Iicyods or property is tabulated in triplicate, one copy going to the
person i making. the loan. another being retained by the Bail and Bond
i.hinltiittcc. aldtl the third being filed with the Trades Union Savings
andll Loi Associa tion ut' Sealtle. with whom all funds, bonds and prop
erlv schedules xwxill be batnked.
iOnly t.huse who have been proved loyal and trustworthy are being
sent out as clleoIors. cverytliiig possible has been done to safeguard
hlis btail aiid bond rfund, front the selection of tihe committee to the
choice of the bank.. A portion oi'f the f1uld is being set aside to return
loanus on demanrid ini case persons who have made them are forced to
lea\ e the country or have other reasoiis for making a withdrawal.
Bail will be used to release specified persons where that. is desired,
hint olfiher\wise the release will take place by a blind drawing of names,
thus insurimg fairness to all prisoner's. By cormmon consent, the men
iu Wichita, Kansas. jail will first be released, as they have been held
thIe lottngoslt atnd jail coldit-iIns are worse there Iha.n anywhchere else in
the entirre cointry'. This hbil has nea rly all been subseribed, and the
inen will be made aceredited cllectlei' s when released, and their speedy
release will help to set others at liberty.
No necessilty exists for argumernt. Your duty is clear. If your ears
are rniit deaf to ii. aeIl fronm yiour class, if yon feel that an injury to one
is an injury to haril. if tIhere burns within you the faintest spartk of human
itv. v'ol w\ill see that the men do niot remain behind the bars an un
ireeý(.ssary nminiunte becanuse yonu withheld your support.
THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOU!
ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM?
Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Engdahl, Secretary of Ball
and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle.
Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph S. Pierce,
Room 607 Central Building, Seattle.
Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., J. E. Williams, Bond and Ball
The Anaconda Challenges
the People of Montana
MiILES IROMNEY IN IWESTERN NEWS.
The legislature, convened in ex
t ruordinarv session by Governor
Stewart for the ostensible purpose of
providing relief for the drouth vic
tints, adjourned Monday. after a 1i5
days' session that cost the state some
$42,000. without providing much re
lief. The legislature "passed the
buck" hack to the several counties.
It. developed that "the heavy tax
payers"- --the Anaconda Copper Min
ing company and others, whose
henchmlen dominated the assembly,
were opposed to bond issues or any
thing that would increase the taxes.
Indeed, agents of the company and
the big stockmen who formerly held
sway over the drought stricken
prairies now occupied by homestead
ors. bluntly stated that it would be
all for the best if the dry landers
"were starved out"---hatth e range
maty revert back to the cattle and
tlsheep barons and because the home
steaders are mostly Nonpartisan
league "agitators' who thretaten to
break the Anaconda's control of the
Nor did the assembly do anything
to theo profiteers---- except to raise the
salary of the c:omltlissioners author
ized to carry on an investigation!
'fThe legislature scored in two in
Iaances, however. It jobbed the pri
nlary anod sought to stack the state
supreme court. And to cinch it. in
a spirit of deliision as it were. the
legislature declared the primary
amtendment bill and the supreme
court bill "lnlergency mteasures,'
'necessary for the public peace.
health or safely" and nlot subject to
tihe referendumi -ai power expressly
reserved by the people in their state
Think of it! This lackey legis
lature, dominated by flunkies of the
Anaconda Copper Mining company
-itnd other corrupt interests. had the
Ibrrazen insolence to mutilate and
I railsfornt the primlnry law. initiated
I -nd onetited by a popular vote of 46.
,an to 2aý.l it mmediately following
filing of petitions carrying names of)
over 30.0t10 voters protesting againstt
i,,(h "'i-tson nld to increase the per
sonnet of the supremle court, inc'- It
dentally providing that at least one
of the appointees should hold officeit
for two years beyond the next nen-t
"til elrCtion. And tiher would dzny t
the people the constitiutional right tol
:)ias upon these matters of sutpreme r
" - - n- . .. o `- m, eans of a refer- i
endum, should they so desire! c
This action in effect constitutes a
direct. challenge by the Anaconda
Copper Mining company and associ
aied interests to the people of Mon
tana. The legislative lackeys of these
interests have mutilated a funda
mental alw---thhe primary is the cor
ner stone of popular government-
initiated and directly enacted by a
four-to-one vote of all the people.
These lackeys have also created two
new supreme court judges "to fortify
our interests against Nonpartisan
legislation after the next election."
as a copper-collared flunkey ex
And, having insolently repudiated
and destroyed the fruits of the initia
tive they would also deny the people
the constitutional right to invoke the
referendum to pass upon these laws.
both of supreme importance. Unclues
tiotnably this is a flagrant usurpa
tion of authority---au encroachment
upon the liberty of the people that
merits a stern rebuke.
The flunkies of the Aanconda.
drunk with power. have challenged
the people. What are they going to
do about it?
There is but one proper thing to,
do in this emergency, and that is to
flood the state capitol with the neces
es'ry petitions from every county. de
manding a referendum of these hillI
at the next general election---that thce
people may approve or reject them
by direct vote.
Perhaps, as a result of such a ref
erendtum, it may dawn upon all con
coerned that the people meant busi
ness when by a 6 to I vote they re
served to themselves the powers of
the initiative and referendum in the
fall of 1906.
I Today's Anniversary.
A three-fold scourge. which during
the year 14-1S visited the continent
of Europe. fir;t :appeared in Eiug:and
on August 1S. of this same year.
ETarthquaikes, deluges. and a great
pestilence, which came out of Aus
tralia, killed thousands of people. On
this date in 1655 O;iver Cromwell.j
as protector. adonted the "we" in
answering a petition. He had at
first written the more familiar "I.'"
On Aug. 18. 1868, a total ePlinse of
the sun took place. The eclipse was
of very long duration.
Debs' Daily Message
_______-- - ---- --C
"It has never been fashionabln,
nor even respectable, to labor. Front
the days when slaves built the pyra
mids to the present era of capitalism,
labor has been slavery and the work
ing class has been the 'lower class.'
The talk we hear from the lips of
lily-fingered apologists and retainers
about the 'dignity' o; :abor in a sys
tem in which labor is essentially
slavish, is pure gammon. Not one
of this gentry laboi--except with
his mouth. His palaver about the
'dignity' of labor has for its sole pur
pose the keeping of the sweated and
fespised laborer contented with his
"'No one labors in the present sys
tent unless he is compelled to as the
only means at his disposal to main
tain his existence, and it is a blessed
thing that this is true, and it were
more blessed still if no one would la
bor at all until labor is redeemed
fronl slavery, labor becomes work
and is freely done by free men."
Advertise that room tor rent in
the want columns of the Bulletin.
Malurice Eagan, Prop.
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EXPERT WATCH REPAIRING
BY SKILLED ,MECHANICS.
"A watch repaired by FRED P.
YOUNG is always right."
Watchmaker, Jeweler and
104 Penn. Block. Use Elevito's.
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BULLETIN SOLD AT i
EXCHANGE SOFT DRINK
IHannas Suhr, Prop.
101 South Main Street
IS , RELENA. MONTANA I
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