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ULte~i~ttPe UttilMatty utW
leaned Every Evelnig, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING 00.
tred u Second-Class Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana
inder Aet of March 8, 1879.
PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292
BUSINESS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET
One Methb ......................75 Six Months ........... ........ ...... 8.75
Three Months ...................;2.00 By the Year..................$7.0o
The Daily Bulletin Is on sale every day at the following places in Butte.
Jacques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobbsan Depot Drug Store, 823 East Front St.
George A. Ames, Jr., 816 1-2 N. Main St. P. O. News Stand, West Park It.
International News Stand. S. Arizona St.
Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main Sts. Harkins' Grocery, 1028 Talbet Ave.
Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Helena Confectionery, 785 East Park St.
W ,\EDNE DAY, AUG. 20, 1919.
Come down to the Bulletin office and sign
a monthly pledge l:-: :-: :-:
LYING FOR ITS MISTRESS.
The Standard,. the companiiy heel thai appears to have f'or
gotten that it is fighting the profiteers. is out this mnorning
with the Usual wail abhi.) l it, s mistress -----the A. C. .---o--perat
ing at a loss simply tI benefit. the poor people of I'tl ule.
The hbunk aboul 90) per cent of the nmine workers heil,'g sal
isried (0 get their dollar hack is also mentionei d once umore. II
is rather \\well known to the general ipublic Ihna the miniers oft
this (camp o not work tonder 1contract ai.l have expressed 11o1
opinion abotil thle imlpanyiVs actlion one way or another. The
miners have not yet. strulllck, bllt it seems that only a strike (of
the.un.lldergroulnd workers will convinilce the nompany press lhat
they are dissatisfied.
The carpenters. tea Imslers, engineers and struieirat iron
wnorkers are the on]y unions that have accepted the con)tract.
and they comprise less than 20 per cent of the men employed
by the mininig companies.
The comlllpalny has ino(it operalteod at a Inoss for the very goodn
reason that it has not s(1( its product for loss than it cnst to
prodnec and so frir as the present n dl frlllre is (coicerined, the
prospeclts were I('('"ve rlosier.
Quoting Presiltl-ut \Vilson inll siiupport of their cont.entionls, ais
the Standard does. hasi lately become a. favorite method of caim
oiuflage with all it' the couritesan sheets.
\\e prefer lo ilote fro''m the inancial \Vortlt a magazine
of big businiess whose lfrankness is refreshing when contrasted
with the hypocrisy nl' the Slandard's aIlhority.
ii an article in ils issue a' Aug. I 1. entitled "The position of
lithe Copper Jud(luistry Today. the lFiimatncial \World says:
The most colossal Ityinig of cnlpper mnetal in the his
tory of the world---exceeding even war-tiuteo rate of bu)y
ing and consumnptioin----has l'eatiired the three months of
May, .une and .iJuly. In these three months 5:)(,000(.((000(
plinds of copper metal was relportedl scli by a syndrlicate
of the leaIing American coppelr Iprohducers, who ordinlaily
market abooul 95 per cient of the Iroidtiiiuon o1f America.
11 how tunis (ot very lucky hI'o the cotppier pronducers
tha t they , itl not sell their coipper early this year. Soime
255.Iqul(-.)11) oultits output t of' those three mnonths was
unsold and had tIi hte carried. It n\ow commands aoh(it
22 / (ents a poutld. .Much or it is expected to realize 2-)
cents or l itter \iwhen the 1suail hig Sepiteiml er- et(I( ic iobeI'
tbuyinig movement ill Iho metal sets in.
There is no reason)l 'r aiylthing til unbolI)lll((Ite optimism
oii the lar-tl of the copper operators. accorl'inig to tIe l'inaincial
\\World. or I they say atls :
AI last the day lhas arrived wihen they are selling nmore
than they prodnlice.g e receiving a fair price \\ith likeli
hotod alo still highc r prices, and lt eir l papeer 'c- -sirpluts'
which wais largely uisi(Id nmetal) is being converted
steadlily iunto cash ior cashable notes.
The easier cash position iot' the copp.ier coi mltanies. iallt
what is still more, what nmust Ie their steadily improviing
caIsh position Irolm iOw n,. is a very giantifyig featurllle.
11 explatiits whi" all thlle coippier companlties with plaicti
(ltly tt ll exteptiiin have uolntarily iicreased worklerss
wagers to piracti .ally Ihte war-tlimne scale. The coptlper ill
,nustry was the first .Ailericaln industry it retduce phrites
for the red mlietal aftler the lwar to pI) -watr figures, andt is
the first Americ-ant indulstry. ln\o itiha t he post-hellioun
thoinma is sellirng iin. to restore ti e full wi\ar-lii te scale.
Nor must it. Ie assuimedI that high wa'r-liime cotsts will
rille again.. tieroiise wa'-tlille \\'nges have teen irest(oried.
There is mnore and tue lae tah-or now uvailable. resultimig
in more effitciency. anrd even though wages. supplies andt
freights may cost tlhe srme ini dollars and Cenrts as dunriung
the watr. itncreased efficieniicy muist resuilt in greattly re
duced costs per pound icopper Ilurned out. nll plrobabtly
gireatly increased outpult . hlowever, it will inot be until
the coptler companies reinme full proitdu.lio i that the new
eroicieni.y staindardi s will show ito their true elfetelivieness,
as regards cheapIer' costs itt' priodcl(i ila• 1 pound of copptltlter,
finder the new regime.
The Stlandlaurd is appoarenly jrsl aboutn a. relialel in tle colp
per sitiuitioi asi it is o in the food lulestio .
STRIKES AND THE COST OF LIVING.
The epidemic of strikes. larige awI sniall. Iltit is sweepling
the cotutlry and eatising the rulers so mrch anxiety, is imerely
the symptom ilof a conditionr that is inot phecuiliar to the t'nited
States ut tlhat is w.m-`dh-wide.
All of the foic.s of ihe press atiil tlo il, all 4lf th e fltc-es of
'law to u order" and the patriotic mitive as l wee a el weinvokedt
during thhewar pci-d to keep hlie waikerts ,li t ihe jtb.
In most instani-es these ror-ces were suceessrul: the wirlkers
wages were kept witIhin wthtat the ket i press is ileased t, iiall
- reasonable limits.'" while the Ill-it-es oa commiidities stiied.
The retson (tf the Amer-h-on \\'orker was chloroiroinld tor
na while. by the flood of loiason gas that iwvis emitted in cloids
of a size that. (aiiused thhe dtespiised poleull l at1 Ittitin an eii vi(tus
g-een, hiut the hunger fangs will io longei-r I)e salisfied hy
The pieseuI r.o.s at -o nicmioditiis ..--f odstniiIts in airticulhtar
--preset|ts to tIme \..ge \w-orkei- a jaiotlent that lie is ott emtpling
to solve inu what we believe to he a s.ensiible manner; i. e., ah
taining in tntn a lam-ger share at his urodn(t.
To most wotl-kers the voice of their stomach commands itt.
tertion, but for the benefit of those who demand additional
evidence we submit the following statistics, compiled by the
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locale: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh. Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION--Livingston,
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte. Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION--Lvingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls. e ,
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' TUNION-Butte and Boseman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Bulte, Portland.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION--Butte.
ST'EREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BRTT'PrfC RS' ITNTON-· reat Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION. NO. 26-Butte.
PLUMBERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTIIERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Helena.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
PAINTERS UNION-Bulte, Seattle.
CARPENTERS' UNION, No. 1335--Seattle, Wash.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
-Tacoma, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIT-Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
United States department of labor, giving the percentage of'
increase of 22 articles of food for a six-year period in 25 of the
'Tihe increas.es givein are I'or Ithe followin\\ig articles:
Sirloin steak, round steak. rih roast, chuck roast, plate boiling beef,
pork chops, bacon, ham, hens, fresh milk, butter, cheese, lard, eggs,
bread, flour, corn mounl, rice, potatoes, sugar, tea and coffee.
Average Average -Increase
CITY for Year for Year June Over Over
1913. 1918. 1919. 1913. 1913.
Boston ...............$392.65 $645.62 $393.16 .64 .77
New Haven ............ 381.46 654.15 686.78 .71 .80
Charleston, S. ....... 360.32 600.21 675.65 .67 .88
Washington ............ 348.66 620.93 670.65 .78 .92
lirmingham ............. 356.04 594.84 669.32 .67 .88
Richmond ................. 345.19 598.40 666.59 .73 .95
New York ............ 359.48 601.99 662.77 .67 .84
Atlanta ...................... 354.69 600.71 660.39 .69 .86
Philadelphia .......... 356.80 614.08 659.09 .72 .85
Pittsburgh ............... 354.74 606.23 654.87 .71 .85
Dallas .. .............. 357.62 586.40 652.73 .64 .83
Newark ........... . 368.77 618.26 652.53 .68 .77
Baltimore ................. 330.01 601.54 641.50 .82 .94
Los Angeles ............ 370.71 571.00 630.99 .54 .70
('loveland .................. 348.68 571.84 628.85 .66 .83
Seattle ................. 351.34 576.07 627.54 .64 .79
New Orleans ............. 340.66 . 559.27 624.19 .64 .83
Detroit ..... ............ 3 4.29 563.24 623.35 .74 .92
San Francisco ........ 350.97 568.67 621.25 .62 .78
Iulffalo .................... 321.72 570.81 611.36 .77 .90
Cincinnati ............ . 327.04 546.87 608.40 .67 .86
Kansas City ......... 330.70 555.44 607.49 .68 .84
St. Louis ................... 316.82 549.30 595.46 .73 .88
Chicago .................. 327.92 544.74 582.02 .66 .77
Minneapolis ............ 311.37 509.7:, 577.71 .64 .86
The atver'itge increase shown by hlie above Iable is a little
more than ill iper ccitl. To live as well nis he did six years ago,
lthe \\orker mtst ha have had an increase.
Thie table deals only with I'oodstuffs. Clothinig and all other
iecessilies Ihave risen iik price and the piercentage of increase
is hiigher tIain in food.
II is not nlii exaggenrallton to say thal the workers to live as
\\'ell as tIhey didl five ior six yealrs ago shon1hi have increased
iheir waitges Ilh1) per ceiit. In so doing they woui ld merely ha ve
loii slaildinig stif aillg, kig io gains.
One hiiiidred Itper cent inlcrease in wa\\ges niol having been re
cei\ved, Ihe w\\orkelrs ill order to prevenlt 'further lowerinig of
the staindard of living alle forced to strike.
'This is the exfplilanatiiiri of the indiistrial troubles that are
ausiinig stio much conlcerni. the reas ont fitt the ilnrtest halt the
tiling class is powierless to allay.
TiIe dlecisioin of the estimable nelilmbelrs of the board of1'
cinitily comllilnissionlles to purchase ai carload of army surlplults
tfoodis fir' the 'tciniiy I)poor fairm is it ciinimenldable one, since,
lihe cittilmlissiners assure Ius, the prllice to be paid will mean a
snaving (,1 sevei\' lll huldred dollnars whlien conitrasfed \ with \ý'habt
the samie suppillies woitid cost if' plirchased from the local profi
The decision of tihe board Ioi send fl representative to Seattle
to select the alit ssnri'limenti of foods ini the shilpment, howev-'er, is
nt ii sot ctionii nendahile since it. appears to itis that the expenses of
Ihe rlepresentative Ito Sea le andti hlik will more than ise up
what inighlt tliherwise be saved. IHowever, it is probable thal
oIte io the conk ll iissionlers desires a viicaltion on the coast and
secs in fhe trip to Seattle ai way of malking the taxpayers piay
the expenses of his vacation.
We are living todaty iunder the iprofit system. All oirlll' insti
ttlliolns arle hbtsed onl thati'system. We are playing the profit
gimelll'. ,\ prlitoileeris tile w\\ho plays tIle gaine stlrictly accord
ing to the riules. The Itass of t.lhe people oblject to changing the
irles iof the game tand then ely w\heln they get their hand heat
nri. They ilre poior losers.
liispialtlieis inl'orll its that Ithe 'oiiled States ritay secuilre
I possesshiion of the Islanid of' Yap in tlie Pacific. Slirred by its
ipprll.'iprli'lte name. \w suggest it as a firtlure ho11e tforI the
framers iti t he leaguie of inations.
Thie only thing tbouit that. Mlontau;in Irade lcommission that
will wtork is the ,'250 and '$21t0 salaries of Ihe market direcator
antd his I\\' assislanlts.
''lThe i(p ileers lare still ieing 'investigated," while 4Cene
lilebis i n i jail.
Goveirnor Sotewart ought to be ill big demand as a speaker
at farmers" picnics.
II - -- _ _ _ _ _
!I/JJ ackto/isow i'/;I <&4U////////
·:/1i /I/// /
t'ffft~! > ~ / wI
(Copyvlght) I :
NOTE-People are invited to use these columns .as a medium of
publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the
good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of
the paper only; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under
,his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
To Bulletin Readers: Frequently
contributions for this column are re
ceived by the Bulletin, but cannot
be published because of the fact that
thie writer has signed an anonymous
signature, but has withheld his true
name and address. Oftentimes these
communications bear on subjects of
grave importance that are of great
It may be stated here that no comn
miulications which do not bear the
signatures of the contributors will be
accepted for this column. The fact
that we require all 'contributors to
sign their contributions with their
true names and addresses does not
necessarily mean that tihe signature
will be printed. An anonymous sig
nature for publication of the Bulletin
and ias an indication of good faith
we require that the writer make his
or her identity known to us.-The
POLICE COURIT JUSTICE.
Editor Butte Bulletin:
I noticed in your issue of last eve
ning "that two women were fined
$10 each for walking through the
crowd on Mercury street Saturday
at the city market, or for sitting in
their room on Mercury street across
from the market-it was impossible
to tell which was the offense. The
technical charges was . vagrancy.'
Personally, I do not believe that
there was any offense at all but "the
City needs the money." I presume
that was the reason why they were
found guilty. I regret to say that;
the way the police court is being
conducted now is a disgrace not only
to the city of Butte but to civiliza
tion as well. I have had some con
versation with reference to this mat
ter with the reporter of one of the
dlaily papers (not the Bulletin) and
with' a high city official who
haplpeneu to be present on several
occasions to listen to the words of
wisdlom of the honorable judge of
the police court- as well as to his
wonderful decisions, also with al
number of attorneys, and without
"xception all seem to agree that,j
from the way matters are being
carried on now, the poor and un
fortunates are convicted before they
ever enter the courtroom. I myself
have been there when there was not
one iota of legal evidence produced
to convict, but the assistant city1
attorney and the honorable judge
shid it was proven. conclusively to'
their satisfaction anyway, that the
parties were guilty. Let me give
you a few illustrationis of justice in
the police court.
Sometime ago the honorable judgel
fined a certain party $300 for sell
ing whiskey. The charge was vag=
rancy. Even a lay court man knows
that you cannot accuse a man of
murder and produce evidence of
horse stealing. Especially Wihen it
has nothing to do with the case at
issue. In this instance the man was
charged with vagrancy and running
an unlawful game, and the only evi-I
tence produced by the prosecution
was that he sold some whisky. There
was not one word of evidence as to
his being a vagrant, or to his be'ng
ai gambler, or running an unlawful
game. But, that was sufficient for
the honorable judge and the able
assistant city attorney to convict him,
)f vagrancy and running an unlaw
ful game However, this is not the
worst of it, the man, being a for
eigner, they believed if they threat
ened him with deportation lie would
positively pay the $300 fine. lIe
consulted an attorney who adviSed
him to take an appeal. A bond for
st.il)0. the amount fixed by the court.
was signed by two men who would
,e good for the amount. of $150.000.
You could Ihardly believe it, but it
is the truth, nevertheless, that, to
the positive knowledge of the writer
of this letter, one of these sureties
was informed by the, assistant city'
attorney and to the best informa
tion and belief of the writer, the
other was also told that the case was
very serious, that the man would
probably be deported and that they,
had better take their names off the l
bond or they might loose their.,
money, which they did. To make a
long story short th;ree sets of bonds
were submitteo to the honorable
judge, and it was not until the at
torney for the appellant threatened
to take the matter into the district
court, that the bonds were approved.
Another case I recall, is, where seven
people were arrested by Officers t
Garry and Van Orden without any ,
reason whatever except that all seven 1
happened to be sitting it a room (
talkiing. They were thrown in jail t
and remained about 24 hours before I
the case was called. The officers t
themselves testified that that wais 1
the only crime they were guilty of.
Of course, under the circumstances
the honorable judge could do nothing
else but dismiss the case. It. would
have been the height of the ridi:u
lous for him to do anything else.
Blut to show the people how unfair
the whole proceeding was, after the.
officers had testified that the seven
victims were perfectly innocent and
the attorney for these people made
a motion to have the case dismissed
on the ground that no evidence was
produced, the honorable judge.
denied the motion. Of course, I can
not tell what was his reason, but
the reasoning of the police judge
are, to use a Bibical expression,
"fearfully and wonderfully made,"
especially fearfully. He seems to
take it for granted that anyone
brought before him is guilty and the
defendant is forced to prove his in
nocence, which is against common
sense as well as against the law.
"But the city needs the money."
This case which you reported in the
Bulletin, the evidence of the officer
shows that those two young women
were in their room which is located
in the alley between Mercury and
Galena street on the other side of
the public market. That they had
done absolutely nothing which would
in any way constitute an infringe
ment on the law.
'The officer claimed that some
hody, whose name he did not know,
told him that these two women were
walking down .Mercury street. "Is
not this a horrible offense; ' That
people should actually presume that
they have the right to walk on the
streets of the city of Butte. The
young women stated that they had
gone out for breakfast and were
walking on the other side of Mer
cury street not where the public
market is, demeaning themselves as
ordintry. htiman beings do, and en
tered their room where they were do
ing nothing but talking to each other
when the officer arrested them. The
law on this subject is very plain and
it was pointed out to the honorabli
judge by the attorney for these two
women. He called the attention ot
the coutrt to the fact that no testi
I msony was produced to show that
they walker, on the street and the
officer admitted that there was na
legal evidence that they had done
anything in their room.
Assuming for the sake of argu
ment that the officer was telling
the truth, and that they were walk
ing through the streets, if it is ' a
crinse at all, which the honorablei
judge seems to think it is, it was
mere : hearsay evidence anyway.
tEveryone pIresent was oisgusted
when the honorable judge found
them guilty and said. repeating' the
words of the able assistant city at-I
torney: "It has been proven con-!
(.usively that they were guilty of';
the crime of walki.ng on the street"!.
and fined themn each $10 or five days
in jail. If that is justice may the
L.ord have mercy on the poor and un
fortunates of the city of Butte.
The writer of this letter knows
why one of these young women is
being hounded. It was the intention
of the attorney for that woman ink:
the case yesterday to go the limit.
but, unfortunately the poor woman
is afraid, to use her own' expression,
"the people will run her ragged
shoult she dare to go through with
it." The writer of this letter is a.
staunch republican and assisted with
all his powertbo have: the honorable
jfidge of tlfe police court elected .t
the last-city ;election,. for ..which he
is, now very sorry. 'The police cot.it
was bad -enough.in former times hilt
at present it is at least one thousaq d
per cent worse than it ever was ht
Toie. The writer does.: not know
whether. they still waive all the
rights of the -pr,iners- -with. a rub
bei' stamp, bt" Ire dbes know that
Drior to the time when the habeiis
corpus proceedings "wre begun 4it
the case of the city of IButte vs.
Madge West, it was' the -custom in
'the police court not to tell any un
fortunate of his or her rights what.
(Oever and then after (he case was
over, use a rubber- stamp oti t1.
docket which stated that the' defend
ant had waived all his or her rights
and was willing to .:go to trial itn
niediately before the honorable
j.ldge. This was the evidence pro
duced in the district court.
.The entire republican administra
tion is a credit to the city of Buttte.
The. mayor is dbing --his :ie t. He is
workinig hard ahid actually improved
conditions. The.. other officers are
doing well. Working conscientious
ly for the welfare of the city and
the'people. But, 1 must repeat again
that the police court, the way it. is
conducted now by the judge and the
assistant city attorney is a disgrace
not only to the -city of Butte but to
eivilivation. as well .
DAVID H. WITTENB.RGC.
THE MILLIONAIRE GOB
Oil was recently 1s!o:iered. on the
ittle farm in T.e.lsb~longini "to E. L.
Perkins,' eoal "stoker on, the. U. S. :.
Imperator. Perkins' .income is nwv
$4t80,000 a year, add may reach $1,000º,
000 if the well increates its output.
.erklins says he wil: not -seek dis
fharge.from the navy, .He says he will
use' the money for the. benefit- of tshe
world and Chrlstianity. :
Few Grasshoppers Found.
This seems to be an. off, year for
grasshoppers, according to entomolo
gists of the United States department
of agriculture, "who recently, made ;i
survey of the grasshopper situaitlon. A
comparatively small number -of eggs
.were ,deposited last fall, bwibablly dide
!U parasitic Insects having kfiled most
,.6f the hoppers before that.time. E' -
t~ept In 'a few codttles:lfentioned, fully
.5j per cent of the;eggs that were de
posited have since been .destroyed by
I-nsects that feed -on-them. The stte
'cess of the use of poisoned bait was
also noticed by the entomologists. Very
few eggs could be found on the farms
where poisoned bran ,was used last
summer, but on other farms nearby the
eggs were usually abundant. This dif
ference was so great as to be notice
ablq even in adjacent fields.