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Butte Daily Bulletin. The
fight for liberty, democracy, and all those beautiful things
the statesmen have been mouthing about, has not been
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this head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
To Bulletin Reanders: Frequently
contrlbutions for this column are re
ceived by the Bulletin, but bannot
hbe published because of the fact that
the writer has signed an anonymous
signature, but has withheld his true
namin and address. Oftentimes these
'c6lmunications bear on subjects of
grave importance that are of great
It may be stated here that no com
munications which do not bear the
signatures of the contributors will be
accepted for this column. The fact
that we require all contributors ti
sign their contributions with thein
true naihes and addresses does not
necessarily mean that the 'signature
will be printed. An anonymous sig
nature for publication of the Bulletin
and as an indication of good faith
we require that the writer make his
or her identity known to us.-The
Editor's Note.-The following let
ter, according to an additional not(
accompanying it, was sent by the
Wvriter to the Billings Gazette, a pub
lication owned by State Senator Johr
Edwards of Anaconda Copper com
pany fame, but was refused publica.
tion. It was sent to the Bulletin
with the request that it be printed
Editor Billings Gazette:
I came across a copy of your vert
instructive paper recently containing
a rather lengthy editorial entitles'
"It Is Deplorable." There are muan3
things going on in the world toda:
that are deplorable, but I was curl
ous to know what the Gazette call
deplorable, that required nearly a
double column of valuable space tc
At the time I was thinking of thi
'thousalids of poor farmers (being
one of them myself) who came t,
Montana a few years ago with a little
money in their, pockets and higl,
,hopes in their hearts, hoping to
btild up homes for themselves be
neath the western sky away out here
ini Montana, and now, after loosing
all of their means and four or five
years of hard labor, they are tramps
on the road, looking for a place:
where they may earn bread and rags!
for their wives and babies. In my
simplicity, I thought that was about
the most deplorable of anything in
Montana, I supposed the Gazette
was going to advise the legislaturei
to do what it was called in session
for-to help tide the poor farmers
over. I missed my guess.
To the writer of that deplorable
editorial, there is nothing deplorable
about such a situation. There are
some hundreds of millions of very
poor people in the world right now'
but that does not concern the Ga
zette, except that they might make
trouble for those who are comfort
ably situated, despite the war for
political democracy and industrial
But what is it that is so deplor
able in the mind of the Gazette edi
tor? Here it is out of his own
mouth: "It is deplorable that there
should be such persistent efforts to
array class against class, as seems to
'be the order of the day in Montana."
Truly deplorable. But if the editor
were well informed, he would know
that what he calls "arraying class
against class" is not peculiar to
1Montana. It is going on all over the
world and has been for thousands
This nefarious work of arraying
class against class, the Gazette in
forms us "is especially noticeable at
all times on the part of the Non
partisan league organizers, its news
paper mouthpieces and its spokes-/
men." Which proves that the farm-:
ers are waking up and are gaining
a little sense. Bully for the Non-i
For the information of the Ga
zette and its readers, I would like to
say that there are millions of people
in the United States, not to take in
the whole world, that are not down
in poverty, not quite, but who are
in a desperate struggle to keep out
of the "down and out class." These
millions are busily engaged in pro
ducing the necessities of life for the
hundred millions or so of the whole
nation, besides producing a surplus
ftr needy people in other parts of
the world. They are learning very
fast that in the distribution of the
necessities of life, which are mostly
the products of labor, there is not
nearly an equitable distribution of:
the products of labor. That the dis
tributors are charging altogether too
much for their services an dthat the;
people who work all the time do not
have enough and that those who
work very little have a superabund
ance, The Nonpartisan league news
papers and mouthpieces and the soap
box orators are engaged in making
these facts known. Now the deplor
aBle thing that is the subject of the
'Gazette's lengthy editorial is not the
fact of the inequitable distribution
of the products of labor, but the fact
that those who are engaged in pro
utlcing the necessities of life are,
learning that they are being swindled
Of course, from the Gazette';
point of view, "argumeuts alotng this
line are not conductive to the wel
fare of the nation," and "the tlite
has arrived when a halt should be
called," which may be true if traders
and profiteers are "the natiobl."
This tmouthipiece of the trades de
mands that a halt be called to the
work of teaching the people that
they are being systematically tand
scientifically robbed and thlt they
must pool their interests and power
'o oust the robbers and secure jtis
tice. Isn't it deplorable?
I would like to ask this mouth-,
iiece of traders and profiteers who
is going to call the hall. And now
:lo you propose to do it? Bly amend-:
ng the constitutiou I suppose, as
you are law-abiding and patriotic?
You know, Mr. Editor, that during
the late war, the oligarchy, state
eounsels of defense, sham-patriot ic
nobs and profiteers, tlid their best,
o suppress that part of the consti
utlion relating to free speech and
,ree press and gave comnfort and en-,
,ouragement to the Hons, by per
tuading themn that the farmers of thei
;reat northwest were their friends
end allies. If they did not quite
succeed under most favorable cir
:umstances, how cran they hople to
:all a halt on free speech and free
press when the soldiers are getting
tJack home and demanding what they
'ought for, notl oligarchl y-dermocracy,.
This scribe is one of the boys that
went out nearly 60 years ago to help
)ut down oligarchlly and mtialle tlhe
'nited States salfe for denlocracy.
We won the war, but the spirit of
tligarchy still lives. I hope and
tray that it may not take another
tloody war to exterminate oligarchy
.n thlie United States, but whether
peacefll or b1loody, I am in the war
What is really deplorable is t1.h1
it newslpaper caln piulblisht suclth rot ;ltn
hull manulre and somlle of its read-t
ers swallow it down and call it good
and want motire of it.
N. I. IAKEER.
Atg. 17, 1919.
;JI)BlI.1 IIY .IOARiD).
After reading in the Bulletin ofi
an old-time citizien and minor who
could not get the company piapers to
publish his comnplaint, 1 want to say
Sai ill the sanme fix.
I have worked ill the mines for
56 years and I am getting up in
years. 1 bought a little piece of,
property on East P'ark street, whlicli
is assessed at $5,300, which assess-I
tment I wanted lowered. 1 offered
to sell the whole property to the
county equalization board or to andy
other person who will give me $4,0i11
for it. Yet 1 must pay taxes on it
on a valuation of $5,30t0.
I see that the big real estate comi
panies can get justice in Butte andi
Silver Bow county. but thie poor,
hard-working miners must stand to
be robbed and dare not complaint
I made a statement of the ahovie
facts to the Anaconda Standard,t
which they promised to publish, but
have not done so. I hope the BIll
letin will publish this.
A CONSTANT READER.
SMITH PROUD OF FACT
THAT HE'S HARDO-BOI IED
(By United Press. I
Hillsboro, Orn., Aug. 30.--"They
call me 'hardboiled,' and bly G--- 1
Grant Dorland, who has returnedi
from overseas, credits Lieutenanlt
"Hard Boiled" Smith with that state
ment in France. Dorland is another
veteranl who has publicly gone on
record with the statement that all
soldiers who came in contact with
Smith despised him. lie says he has
heard at least 50 returned soldiers
say they would like to get "just one
swing at 'Hard Boiled.' "
Dorland was a guard at a military
prison not far from Paris. "Smith
asked me, one day, for a list of
Sprisoners." said Dorland. "A photo
graph of a young lady fell to the
ground when I brought out the list.
Smith beat me to it, and tore it to
pieces." Dorland forgot it was a
case of officer and man. It was just
a case of man with him then. He
cracked Smith with his rifle butt,
between the eyes. Of course, lie
was court martialed, but the .officers
who tried the private probably
carried pictures of their own. They
held that Smith had transcended his
authority and freed Dorland. ,
The girl, whose picture was in
sulted by "Hard Boiled" is now the
wife of Dorland.
IN THE SPRUCE
Brute Treatment Is Dis
closed by Returned Sol
dier Who Makes Startling
Exposure of Conditions.
Seattle, Aug. 30.---"A peonage
system" was the comment.lI of Rep
resentative James A. Frer', chairlllan
of the congressional co lmmittec,
which is prohing the spruce scandal,
after he had listened Tuesday after
noon to the testimnony of Joseph Ar
thlr MalIlery, principal of the Catih
lamet high school and formerly a
private in the 138th spruce com
pany, who gave a startling exposure
of the shocking and brutal treatment
of soldiers in the Siemis-Carey camtps.
The corporation was also charged
with "profiteering of the worst kind"
by William C. Butler, an Everett
banker and prominent logger.
"The loggers of Washington, every
mhan of themn. will never qui being
thankful that they had notlhing to
do with the Siems-C(arey cost-plus
centralct ," said Butler. "A deal of
Ihis nature could only have been
made possible through the fostering
care of some potent political inter
;ost1. Col. Disque coldly stalled the
tloggers. He may have deserved the
'distinguished service' cross and the
gold star of a 'general,' which was
iadded to his collar, but the fact re
'liains that he produced no spruce."
Mallery informed the committee
that spruce division soldiers were
compelled to work under threat of
military punishment, even 'though
ill and after the armistice; tihat sol
dliers were denied medical ltIreatmen1
when sick; that they worrked 10
hours a, day, seven days i week, in
ithe Sielis-Clarey logging camps. un
tder civilian bosses; and that the food
was so rotlten that onl one occasion
;I civilian boss refulsed to eat. it whenl
challenged 1to do so hy the dough
The flies were so thick they were
cooked into the food, Mallery de
cliired, lnd botlh the potatoes and the
btroad were sorll. It got so bad one
Iiiornlillg that 150i) 11n1011 Oe from the
bIreakfast tables and went to work
withlout 1a m1outlhfuil, he stated, and
rven sonli of thie officers olpenly
'ympathized with the men, but, de
claredutht that they were helle)lss, as
('olonel I)isqle was standing behild
the civilian contllractors.
"IBad as the food was," contin
tted the witness, "'our position after
ihe armnistice was signted was even
more humiliatinrg. After logging
operatiolls c.iease( illand wte lhad every
reason to believe that we would 'e
ceive our dischalrges, we were forced
:o work with pick and shovel on the
Sinems-Carey railroad. If a man was
sick he could not lay off unless a
llmember of the nmedical corps, who
was not inecessarily a doctor, admlit
tld that he had a fever."
l-Uallery sta.ted that the soldiers
were robbed by thei Sietns-Carey
conlmmissaries, whom they called
'robblisaries." Ile sliowed a check
for 7 cents, which was all he re
:.eived for 201 days' pick and shovel
worlk altel' the commlllissary had got
ten lthrough with him. The soldiers
were never able to obtain an itemized
statlemelnt frolll these commnlissaries,
The Siellis-Carey ouitTit took pos
session of lth right of way of the
Port Angeles & Grays Harbor Rail
road company, atccordiing to the tes
titiony of J. W. Lindsay, the com
pany's attorntey. Wednesday mnorn
"After assisting thom in nego
tiating their' con(ltract we turnecd over
our ilutie priniits, assumingi that they
were part' of iour organization," said
Lindsay. "Tlhen alfter they had used
our data anid our whole scheme, they
rep1udiated all coinnectlion wilih us
and refulsed to paiy ius t cent."
STlIK[RS Bt[A UP
SCABS; POLICE OBJECT
(Special United Press Wire.)
Peoria. Ill. Aug. 30.--The threat
ened general strike here yesterday
gained little headway, as the police
successfully dispersed the crowds
who had halted the street car traffic
for over an hour. An order bad been
issued for a sympathetic strike of all
workmen in the city for Friday
morning. At an appointed hour
groulps of laborers who were station
ed at several points in the downtown
section, waited for the ears and
dragged the crews from them. The
police broke up the gatherings and
traffic was resumed.
POINiDEXTER D)EMANDI S Ac'TION
(Special United Press Wire.)
Washington, Aug. 30.--Senator
Poindexter demanded on the floor of
the senate, that congress take im
mediate action on his resolution,
calling for a conference between cap
ital and labor.
Bulletin Boosters should patronize
Where Are You Going, People?
When the congressional power to
declare war was construed to mean
the power to deprive the American
citizen of his civil rights, we entered
upon a revolution.
,Even the highest courts virtually
held that all act of congress, declar
ing war, could legally set aside the
constitution which called the i on-C
gress into life.
Proclamations of a president,
who is oathbound to Ihe constitulionll,
were submissively received as high
er la.w than the suplreme law ntlde
for him and for all others.
Personal liberties, privalte prop
erty, the right to speak one('s honest
opinions, the freedom to publish
one's thoughts, the librtiy to hold
peaceable assemblages land ito pti
tion the government, were swept
It was revolution.
Not only was private properly vir
tually confiscated, and private busi
ness actually destroyed, by arbitrary
rulings of autocrats in office,, tiil tihe
prices of commodities wasu fixed, and
the amount of merchandise tone could
ibuy was limited.
Of your own wheat, you could
grind into flour only sod much; of
your own home-made Ineat you couild
keep only so much; oif filour aind
sugar youi could purichrase tnly so
much; and all of this uniiconstitu
tional interference with private
property was excused t ipolt the
ground that the state of war existed.
and Europe's starving l-Ioo'ieris mllst
Ie, fed. i
It was revolution..
There was a threat to fix hli price
)f cotton, and the market lost 17
cents a pound, ruining thousands of
hardworking farmers; but when the
breaking out of the war, in 1914.
drove the price down to 6 cents a'
pound, it was the gambler thlat the
government took care of. while the
producers lost $400,000,000.
Will the government fix prices on
Ihe meat packers and relieve the
hlungry millions in America?
Will the government lay its hand
on the shoe trust, and plu a limit tol
Huge accumulations of army sup
plies are being disposed of in Eu
rope: were they not worth bringing
UInder the magic influence of pro
paganda, we suddenly discovered
that it was oid "duty" to feed andt
clothe the Belgians, the Servians.
the Armenians, and other p]eoples
scourged by the war.
It was our "duty" to beconle tilhe
trained nurse of sick lurllope, and to
supply it with the necessaries of life
during its sickness and colnvales
So pressing were our duties to
hungry Europe, that we neverl asked
why England made no use of lthe(
3,000,000 Ibusihels of wheat she had
bought and paid for in Australia.
That wheat was stackedl up on the
depot p1latforms, ready for loading;
andil in the refrigerators of New Zea-i
land there were 3,t000000 carcasses
of sheep and bullocks, awaiting
transportation to the imperial gov
ernment of Great Britailn, which had
bought and paid for the mneat..
Why wasn't the neat and the
Was it because of a secret deal
made with the American flour trust
and the ('hicago meat packers?
Was it a hargain, that the Ameri
can ti'usts were to have ilo comlpe
In Australia, there was no "war
bread." and no short ration of flour:
in New Zealand, nieat was plentiful
and cheapl-- as it was in Australia,
"Were our lprofiteers promised a
monopoly, and are they never to be
made to respect the law, on the dic
tates of cool111 hum1lliaity?
On July 1 of this year, the profi
teers were hoarding 160,000,000
poulnds of frozen beef, and mnore
than 90f,000,00(10 pounds of pork.
The refrigerators are hoarding
more th;n 20,000,000 eggs, andl
nearly .0.O00,t000 plounds of frozen
Hlon. l('lrence MlcGregor, membher
of congrIss has maide an investiga
tion of this tremendously inlportant
food situation and he says:
"Yesterday 1 procured a report of
the retail prices of food. At the
present time in the line of groceries
what would cost you in Decenber,
1914, $1.75 in July, 1919, costs you
$3.14. Ini beef products what would
cost youi in December, 1914, $1.52
.would now cost you $2.94. In pork
products in 1914 what would cost
you $2.42 in July, 1919, would cost
you $5.92. In dairy products what
would oeast in )ecember, 1914, $1.11,
will now co('st you $1.91, and ill vege
tables what would cost you in D)e
cember, 1914, 47 cents now costs
"Now wlhat has the war depart
nment got on hand?" he asked.
"1 do not think that proposition
has been very clearly brought to your
minds. In corned beef they have
$24.000,000 worth, in bacon $23,
600.00) worth, in hashed corned
beef $11.,00,0.00 worth, and ill roast I
ehoof $20,li).0000 worth, in poultry
$20,000.000 worth, and in vegetables
approximately $23.000.000 worth.
''Thien stltement of mneats, in
llpoulnds, is as follows:
"'lacon. 47,0i10,000 pounds; roast
beef. 3S,000,000 pounds: corned
beef, 36.,01)0.000 pounds; corned beef
hash. 20.000,ttl0 pounds; total. 136.
1100,000 )poundt s.
"The qtulantity of canned goods is
about '20o,o0,000 cans, but the surl
plus in foodlstluffs is constantly in-i
"We lave not. so far as I know,
been furnished with any statement
is to Ilthe atual quantities on hand.
"I have made a. comparison be
tween the estimated quantity of can
nod goods declared surplus and the
entire canlning product of the coun
try in 191S as to several items:
Fw slhrdluetaoishrdlu cmfwyp nib
"Corn. 1918 pack, 231,324,440
caus sutrltlus war department, 31.-1
'Peas, 1918 pack, 381,557.328.
Surtplus war department. 84,016.334.
'On Nov. 30, 1918, 19 days after
tie armistice, Gen.. March issued a,
general order deilattihg a' surplus of
food supplies, and it was inot until
May 5,. 1919, that actual sales oc-j
curred. according to the statement
made by the war department."
This being the state of affairs,
your mind naturally turns to the
question, "How is the poor man to;
support his family?"'
It was always against English law;
to buy up food for speculation, or to
speculate on itain t1eJ market, or toI
corner it for a monopolistic price. ]
"Forestalling, regrating, and en
grossing" were the old words of the
common law of England, penalizing
what our food gamblers are now do
Cannot the government deal with
If the government could say how
much meat, flour, and sugar you
could keep in your larder, why can
it not say how much food the specu
lators shall hoard in their ware
You were put on short rations. be
cause of the needs of the army and
of hungry Europe; but the soldiers
have come home, bringing their ap
petites with them; and the hungry
millions of America are suffering
from the monopolistic prices of the
Is there no relief?
Suppose we had a good system of
government railroads and stnamboatii
Sutppose the government had kept
those ships it built during the war,
instead of selling them for $80t,
With a governmental club of this
sort, the American monopolists colld
always le controlled, provided the
government did not deny itself the
privilege of importing food front
Souith America, Canada, Australia.
and New Zealand.
ButiI if the railroads and the ships
arle all retulrned to private owner
ship, and the tariff wall is main
.tained against foreign commodities.
the government will be impotent and
the people starved like rats in a cage.
If shoes can be held for $30 a
pair--as the trust threatens---why
can't they be held for $G0?
If a pound of ham can he held for
75 cents, what's to hinder its going
to a dollar?
If the monopolist hoards the food,
tie clothing, and the shoes, you will
certainly have to paiy his price, or
go barefooted, hungry, ill clothed.
'IThe railroads will be combined un
der one management and that will
obey the monopolists.
In fact, the monopolists will owr
the railroads, and they will thereby
absolutely rule the markets, both fom
the raw material and the finished
The cattle, the poultry, the butter
and the eggs, the sheep and the hogs
the vegetables and the potatoes, thli
corn and the wheat, the canned good.
of all kinds, will depend upon the
railroad, and the monopolistl will
dictate prices at both ends.
Where are you going, people?
I know that the blundering man
ner in which McAdoo handled thu
railroads created universal dissatis.
to carry on the defense of the Bulletin staff in the courts. Two
members of the staff have been fined a total of $9,500, on
charges of sedition, charges which were the direct result of
the effort of the corrupt political machine in Montana to put
a free press out of business. The cases have been appealed
to the State Supreme Court. It requires money to fight
these cases through the various courts; it takes money for
traveling expenses, etc., for transcripts of evidence and ste
nographers' hire. None of the money goes to pay lawyers'
fees, the lawyers engaged in the cases not only having donat
ed their services, but actually paying their own expenses.
The fines imposed and the expenses of fighting the cases
through the courts, are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep
ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order issued by the copper
interests-and if you believe the Bulletin has been of ser
vice to the cause of labor and the honest element generally,
you should help defray the expenses incident to the fight for
a FREE PRESS by contributing according to your means.
The need for funds is imperative and you should not delay
sending in your contributions.
Names of donors to the Free Press Defense Fund will not be pub
lished unless by special request, for obvious reasons, but receipts
will be given or forwarded by mail.
101 S. IDAHO BUTTE, MONT.
faction with governmental owner
I know that the autocratic way in
which Burleson mismanaged the
telegraph and telephone lines dis
gusted everybody with governmental
But if the private owners of rail
roads can find competent managers,
the government can: the misman
agement of the men whom Wilson
chose, is no argument against the
JAP OFFICIAL STARTS
FIIHT ON CAR CROWDING
Tokyo, (By Mail).--As an evi
dence of the advance of democracy
in Jalipan, plans are unuer consider
ation of Home Minister Tokomanmi,
-president of the imperial government
railway board, to end the overcrowd
ing of third-class cars while first
class cars are pulled along almost
This official advocates elimination
of the first class altogether. The
railways are able to run, he says, be
cause of tie revenue from the third
class cars, and it is proposed that
those who provide the hbulk of the
fundts shall have sonie of the com
forts. New coaches arte, therefore,
under construction with comfortable
seats instead of the present bench
NEW SOUTH WALES PUTS
UP BARS TO IMMIIRANTS
Sydney, (By Mail).-The state of
New South Wales has informed the
commonwealth government of Aus
tralia that it will not permit any im
migration for one year, in order to
more successfully cope w ith the prob
lem of repatriating its soldiers and
eailors. This ban against immigra
lion includes the British Isles, de
-pite the fact that all other states of
he commonwealth have opened their
doors to emigrants from England.
INVENTS NEW CRUTCH
Sydney, (By Mail).--A new crutch
for the use of those injured in the
wvar, designed to prevent crutch
paralysis, has been invented by two
sydney mechanicians. The new de
rice, it is expected, will be adopted
by the military authorities.
Your photo makes an Ideal gift.
It is one thing your ' friends
cannot buy. We have many
styles to offer. Have your sit
Thomsons' Park Studio
John Lmnme, Mgr.
217 East Park Street.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN
FOR SALE AT ALL
GROCERS AND AT
107 N. MONTANA ST.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN
4.-. - .....
THIEiIE ARE A FJW EXCEP-j
I TIONAL BARGAINAS
Sin the new line. Even if you don't
need a new suit right now, a
small deposit will reserve one ofi
those for you. Come quick.
E. ZAHL, TAILOR, 504 W. Park
.AY YOUIJ SAW IT IN BULLETIN
WESTERN CASH MEAT
P. Reusch, Prop. Phone 5127-R
We handle but the best. Can sell
for the least.
2410 HARVARD AVE.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN
Debs' Daily Message
"In ancient Greece a father had a
right to raise his child or kill it, as
best suited himself. He was the ab
solute proprietor of his offspring.
The father may no longer kill his
own child as in ancient days. So
ciety has relieved him of this respon
sibility, and it is now society, in
stead of the parent, that kills the
child, the difference being that star
vation is employed instead of a knife