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Is.nel Every Evening, Except Sunday. by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING 00.
late.ed as keond-Clase Matter Desember 18, 1917. at the Poestomee at Butte. Montana
inder Act of March 8, 1879.
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SMONDAY, SEPT. 8, 1919.
Come down to the Bulletin office and sign
a monthly pledge :-: :.: :.:
LET ATTORNEY GENERAL FORD SPEAK OUT.
Iii Satutrdays' issue the Bulletini sihowed how, througli its
liirelings on i(h state bourd of eqiualization. the Anjlaiida Cop
per Mining coinmpalny is defrautding the people of thie state of
Montana out of' taxes on some $03.6809.00. represeltiug the
difference in the valuations of the comnpauny's subsidiaries as
ireported to the puiiblic service, coonllnlission as a menis of fixing
rates for service to collnsumll s lnti ill those tilade to the state
hoard of' equalization as a mnea is of determining whal taxation
the comnpay shoulld pay. t. It was also stated. and the figures of
record at the state capitl will prIo\e the charge, that, while
the valultlious idaced oni the railroads and other public service
coerporations doiiig business in Molitalta and which are not
owned by the Amtaconitda compatny are something ieair just, the
valuations placed on the properties of thle Antaconda company
in all instances are excel)tionlally low--so low. inl fact, as to
demonstrate beyoid iperadlventure that Ihe governor, the secre
tary of state and the stoIe Itreasturer. tihe majority of the state
equalization board. are guilty of t'avoriiig the A. C. M. even to
the extenl of defrauding ftie pteople of the state.
The c·omparative I'igur'es as tiblished in Saturday's Bulletin
show that while the Anacondua company's subsidiaries. the
Moi tuna Power conmpany. the Thompson Falls Power company,
the Great Falls Power company. the Monltanla Reservoir and Ir
rigation compiatly and the Bulte. Anaconda and Pacific rail
road, admitted that tthe aggregate physical valuations of their
properties was in excess of .$t2.000.000 in their reports to the
state tpublic service comm ission, the company's tools on the
state board of equalizationl permitted the valuations ont these
five subsidtiarvy corporations to be placed at $28.,857,033.
And the reason fl'' tlhis great diflference is not hard to de
tiermine. It must be retuembered that ill orderi to have the
rates they charge the public set as high as possible. the corpo
rations such as the Motitatia Plower company and the others
mutist, snubmit reports showing the actual valuationls of their
properties. It Itis instantce if siands the corlortrations well inl
haln to mtike their relports c.omlplete and cover'ing tihe actual
andu true valuations. for tlhe larger the valuation and the more
ctmiplete the ieport of operating expenses. the greater will be
the stinm the public service commission \\ill permit them to
charge 'or service in ordir tio make tip wihat the board co nsid
ers a f'air treturn.
Il the mailtter of reiurtititg phyivsi.nl valuations for taxation
pti"uOses5. hiow vel', lhalt i it horse of ianotlier color. For. ott
the valuatiiu as reptrled ii this case. the corpoair tion itself'.
l not the public. is taxed. -tHentce. it is the policy of the cor
potraitins it iiki their va\lu tioti reportts to the state equaliza
liotn blard as low as possible.
Ani 'rumn \i r I which emanates fr,.m Helena the Anaconda
companyv iii mainkiug its vualuation reportte s t the state board of
eitilizattiun as t) its siubsidliaries. prunted I he valuationts by
'rm au 0 pier cett to 710 per cent It' their auctual value. and tlhen.
presutmablyv ii oilder tlo stih"w theirt lue 'fou the company. the
timajorily of the state boar tl of equalization madte fI'tllher cuts inl
the vala tio, is otf lie A. C;. M. siubsidiaries.
Although the if'ices lf tihe slate ipublic service commissiton
tare iln the samte b.tildig. atppareºtly t eilther tic gth veurnor, the
stlte treasutiet n1t the ecretav if' stiale. all of \ twhom are
known abjeel tools aud hirelings it' the A. t.;. M.. tmale any ef
ortt, lt ctitipare thIe repo.r1s of the tco tlptties f.'r taxattiin pftut
tposes with those made Iby the siame cmipanies with the public
service commission for thie purpose of tnaittaii itg exorbitail
rates fri service to ciitisuii er's.
The fact remainis that the An1aco.dla company fal.sified when
it relp rted the aiualionis of its sibsidiaries. The factl remains i
that as nialters ni " stand the peoile 1of the state of Mloitntna
are being robbed of taxe on soue $ .:.Oi),).W1 t wihich slhould
be paid by the company' subsidliaries. And the tact is that the
governor, the secretary of state and lthe state Ireasurer. all tof
wlhom votedl I0 permi lthe prese nt assessed valuations of the
Anaconda cmpanylis ll u idiaries rei.ain where it I today.
are equally guilty with the co.ºmpnlllvs toI'icials in the big steal.
Whether lthe crimiiul laws of the stale coºultain any provis
ions thal wvill \varrant le arrest alil inlpriso. iment oaf the con
pany's iofficials. th ee g sevenelr. tI t e crc r state and the
;state treasu'rer Uor thiis seal. we do not know at this writing, I
but if such a law dues exist. all of tllen shli lih be jaiiled im
niediately and prosecutled I, the full exlent or the law.
In Helena we iave an altlrnev general. w\v, ha- given evi
deuce of his ear.iest es- in the people's interest as uippsed to
that If lthe crookel corporlations and the equally iiioked Ipli
ticians. In addition to lbeingig the attorney general, this lofficial I
is also a member of the state Ioard ,f equalization antd aus
such. should be colnverisanlt wi l he details ,f th le steal where
by the Auaconda comlany. with the collusion of the three hire
ling members of the state boarda oIf equalization. is iow in the
act of steling maniiy hudreds of thouusands of dollars oI the
people's money, due as legilimate andl lawful taxes.
And we now- call uponi Attorney General Ford to let the pea
pie know the real facts concerning the connection of the Ana
conda Coppel Mining comllpany w\ill the state buard )lof equali-
In the interests of the lauw-abidiing people of the state. ui
opposed to the crooked and' slimy political and corporate in
terests, the Bulletin demands that the attorney general en
lighiten the public.
The people want an official cuoluatuniutcaiou from the attor
ney general giving the facts as to the allegations made in Sat
The people want to know over the attorney general's signa
lure the figures on the valuations submitted to the public
service commission by the Anaconda Copper Mining company's
public service subsidiaries for consumers' rates purposes, and
also the figures fixed as the valuations for taxation purposes by
the state board of equalization on the property of these samne
The people vwanit to learn over the attorney general's signa
ture as to the reasons, apparent or otherwise, why it is that the
valuations placed on the A.. C. M. subsidiaries for taxation pur
poses by the state equalization board are so exceptionally low
as compared with the admitted valuations of these same com
panics in their reports to the public service commission, and
they w\ant to know just where each member of the state equal
ization board stood oil the question.
The people want to know whether the civil or criminal laws
of the state contain riovisions which will reach the Anaconda
company ,officials amid their hirelings in the capitol and bring
about restitution to the people of the millions the company has
stolen from the people in dodged taxes.
And the people want to know, if such laws are on the statute
books, what is the attorney general going to do about it?
SENATOR REED KNOWS WILSON.
Perhapts no man in public life has so thorouighly estimated
President Wilson and his policies than did Senator Reed of
Missouri inl a speech yesterday at Akron, O. The Missouri
solon, apparently has lived up to the well-known predilection
of his fellow Missourians and demanded that he be shown.
And Wilson apparently has shown himself as lie really is to
"The president marshals his syllogisms as a general mar
shals the battalions of his army," said Reed. "They move for
ward in logical phalanx, but his soldiers are epithets, his bat
talions aggregations of evil names and his army an assemblage
of denunciatory epigrams.:'
In those sentences the Missouri senator has given a real in
sight into \Vilson's actions since he assumed the presidency,
and particularly since tie returned from Europe loaded to the
guards with "'self-determination." The people looked to Wil
son as a giver of the bread of wisdom in world affairs; and
they have been handed barren rocks of ignorance or incompe
tence, or worse.
Having made a bad job of his 14 points in Europe, Wilson
has returned to the United States and now attempts to make up
for his rank failures in influencing the diplomats abroad by at
tempting to make the American people swdllow his bunk
league of nations covenant willy illy nilly. And while Wilson, with
honeyed words or veiled threats has succeeded in making many
of the solons at Washington about face on the league question, r
it is refreshing to find one man, at least, whlo has the courage
of his coimvic tions and will stand up in public and give expres
sion to his honest opinions, both as to Wilson and the league.
Senator Reed scored a ten-strike when, in referring to Wil- t
son's much vaunted spirit of' 'sacrifice to duty," he called at
tentioni to the fact that the president's sacrifice consists of rid
ing ''at. government expense in special trains," living in the
'"palaces of princes" and accepting "presents from foreign dip
Imnats worth hundr'eds of thousands of dollars."
"''The real sacrifices." lie added ''are to be made by Ameri
cani boys who are to perish in the suovws of Siberia or to die be
ieath the stnts of the equator."
While the senator's refereinces to the deaths of Americani
boys inl Siberia was mieant to refer to deaths of' troops who will
ie sent to Russia. to overthrow real democracy there, in event i
liis intion jioins in the league of nations. it applies equally well
to the situation during the last year and a half and at present.
Although this couintry never has been iii a state of war with
the Riussian soviet goveinient. American troops have been
kept inl Siberia at the behest of the group of international bank
ebis-- -war imakers all-aiid even today we have the spectacle
of Aiimeri'ican soldiers fighlting and dying on the soil of Russia,
ai nation w'ith which we are at peace.
Senatoir Ieed is right. Ilustead of a statesman, in Wilson
the people of this country have a humilani graphophone whose
o illy prodictions tle recorlds colltanillillng empty epigrams, er
fervescenti eulogy and pusilaninious platitudes.
THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER.
Quite often one (lears persons speak of the "productiveness
of capital": "money makes money" is a familiar saying.
The slipshod reasoning of the \verage individual is well il
lusItrutled by utteirances such as Ihese. for capital consists sitm
!,ly of Iholi'ded commodities and by itself is totally unproduc
live. Motney is not wealth or capital: it. represents, for pur
Ii ses of colnvellience, tlie labor-,power that is contained within
c(,numodities--goods--produced I'or exchange in the world
Au nut ion may possess natural resources that potenltially are
calabl)le ofl' being turned into, wealth; the resources do not
conlstitute wealth unless labor is available for their develop
mcti : lucki ing this. timber. coal. iiron, copper, water plower, are
of" no more value than so muciih desert sand.
Not only- is labor necessary for the creation of wealth, but
it. is l.u necessary f'o its maititenaince; let, a mine be developed
and witllhdu\aw labor: it becomes valueless unless there is a pos
sibility of labor being obtained in the future; let a factory
ie bililt and labor \ithdrawn. it loses its value; let a railway
be builit and it' labor cannot be oblained for its mainitenanice,
the elemeniits destroy it.
Capital consists of the wealth created by labor, the wealth
that has been taken from labor. It has been by securing a
monopoly of the result of labor's ounstructive efforts. that the
capitalist, so-culled, has succeeded itl forcing labor to work for
The ethicii code upon which those who declare that produe
tion and distribution should be owned and operated collectively
is based upon the above facts and supported by the further fact
that prodluctive labor consist. of merntal and physical effort.
litent[ionts are the results of ideas; the ideas of the individual
atr Ithe result of ilmpressi ons received from his environment:
ideas, therefore. should he the polmerty of the whole conitiuinun
itv---society--for it is societyv. in the final analysis. that is re
slotnsible for them.
'The facts and arguments of the comlmuniisls are unassail
able. l)it the power still rests ill the hands of the capitalists
because of ltheiri contl ol of labor's product.
Slated il simple lermiis. the ,trtuggle between the workers
and the exlloiters it a struliggle for the conquest of power and
not liitug else,
 ~September Morn a
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i WITH THE EDITORS__
THE VERIATIONS BEHAVIOR OF 1
S MR. TAFT. I
It seems to be the perverse luck
of Brother Taft to make a. lot of
trouble for the ships he sails on.
He's a regular Jonah.
For instance, President Roosevelt
was having a lovely time with "My
Policies" and "My Spear," until
Brother Taft came aboard; but after E
that, the policies and the spear went -
up Salt River.
The republican party itself had
been having a fine time for many,
many years, until Mr. Taft came on
deck; but after that it hit the reef I
with "a dull, sickening thud." r
Mr. Taft not only Jonahed his a
friend Roosevelt, but he is about
to be somewhat of a Jonah to Presi
dent Wilson, as well.
When the apostle of idealism first B
rushed back from Paris bringing his f
league of nations, Mr. Taft was en- j
thusiastic: the document was per
fect and any alteration would mar it.
Then he laid his ear to the ground1
and heard a rumbling noise which
sounded ominously: and at once hel
sprang to this end of the cable and
telegraphed to Paris for several
alterations in the perfect' constitu
tion of the league.
The perfection of the document
having been marred by these alter
ations, Mr. Wilson again fetched it
across the ocean, demanding its
adoption without changes; and again
Brother Taft was enthusiastic.
But he again heard a low, rum-I
bling noise that didn't sound good,
and again Brother Taft caved in.
From his vacational retreat in
Canada, he sends urgent letters and
telegrams demanding at least six'
radical changes in the perfectly per-I
Naturally, Mr. Taft's behavior is
vexatious to President Wilson and
all true lovers of the new freedom
and the new idealism.
It may be that Mr. Wilson is not
the only man who is dreaming of
being president again.-Columbia
• , ,*
THE MONTANA BETRAYAL.
In all the history of the fight
against the Nonpartisan league there
is no more cynically bold chapter
than that just written in Montana.
For a legislature to act in the face
of public opinion which had just
been so forcibly, expressed is indeed
the height of rebellion against the
After the regular session daredi
only to pass the bill .calling for a
referendum on the primary repeal
measure at a time when the farmers
would be unable to reach the polls,
and after the petitions of the farm
ers had forced postponement of the
referendum for a year, the legislature
slaughtered the primary law abso
lutely and then tacked on a clause to
prevent the people from acting on it.
Organized farmers and organized
workers of the state had united their
strength and obtained 40,000 sig
natures to petitions demanding that
the referendum be postponed. The
attorney general had passed on them
and the secretary of state had an
nounced that he would abide by the
attorney general's ruling. The wishes
of the people of the state had been
expressed as emphatically as it was
possible for them to do. against the
rape of the primary. And yet the
legislature, at the behest of the po
litical bosses and the copper crowd
killed the law the people had said
Not even the previous regular ses
sion, abounding as it had been in
reactionary measures, could approach
the special session for downright, po
litical jobbery. And not- satilfied
with that, the legislature voted to in
crease the number of supreme court
judges from three to five so that the
copper gang might have a. safe ma
Jority in case the ,next election. in
spite of all their safeguards, might
go against them.
The legislature did not even take
the trouble to hide their real pur
pose. Governor Stewart did make
some concession to appearances when
he called the session for the ostens
ible purpose of voting relief for the
farmers in the drouth regions of the
state. And when the legislature got
to Helena, it did everything but that.
The primary 'epeal, of itself a
brutal abuse of its powers, was made
more obnoxious by the adding of the
emergency clause, nlaking it immedi
ately effective and preventing It be
ing referred to the people of the state
But in doing this the reactionaries
of Montana have over-reached them
selves. Progressive citizens every
where, many of whom believed the
false reports that had been circu
lated about the league in Montana,
have changed their minds. By their
last desperate effort to keep them
selves in power the gang has put into
the hands of the progressives a most
effective weapon. It has itself pro
vided the greatest argument why it
should not be retained in power.
Whatever move it may make it
can not prevent the victory of the
brogressive forces in tae state which
have gained all the more strength by
reason of the legislature's reaction
ary record.--Nonpartisan Leader.
A Chicago news dispatch says,
"White hoodlums and members of
so-called athletic clubs are blamed
for the race riots there by the grand
jury which investigated those riots."
*TME NUCKER "
If you want to
know anything, ask
the Mucker. If you
- don't know any
thing, ask the
il Mucker. If you
know anything you
know the Mucker
don't know, tell it
to the public.
through the Muck
Will yu pleaze tell me wot hes
becum of the guy whu yused to say,
when he wanted to sho his skepti
sisum, "Huh! Yu'll see hogs fly
whenever jy kin get the wurking
class eether, in the towns er in the
country to stick together."
Now, I wuz wundering if yu hed
notised how frekwantly yu will read
in the colyums of the press wet a
tremenjus demand there is for airy
planes of varyus diskripshuns by thet
class of peepul whu are gorjed to
the limut with the lukseries wich
the posseshun of unlimuted welth af
Wliinever I think of theze kind of
peepul I am reminded of the hog
surfeeted with an abundants of the
goude things of life. His appytite is
still unappeezed and the crayving feri
more appairyently can never be sat
isfyed and results ownly in maken a
bigger hog than there wuz befor.
If the skeptikul nutt whu yused to
make the remarks about hogs flying
will pleaze take notuse, I am shure
he will agree thet the thing is bein
dun evry day, akkording to the infor
mashun we receeve from the press
reports of sosiety events wherein
vairyus members of The Hon. Sir
Feted Hog's family have broken the
altitude record on Wall, street an
then agen we see an akkount of
where they hev taken a sudden drop
wich razed ned with sum pore'farmer
but by skillful manoovering the avy
ator in charge righted the plane an
the Hog family were shure doaring
upward at a dizzy speed.
Times du change 'nd wot wuz very
improbubble a few yeers ago is be
ing nuun evry day now. At one. time!
the likes and dislikes of the indyvid
ual members of the capitalist class
created sich rivalry 'nd; discord
amungst them. It wuz eazy enuff
fer the aristokracy to lick -the stuffin
out of them by creating dissenshuns
between the different groops and ,de
feeting them wun at a time.
The capitalist class is trying hard
to make use of theze taktiks in, fight
ing labor, but it is becuniming .ap
parent thet the prodoosing classes of
the country hQv been studying histry
The Chicago Central council says
the packers were back of the riots.
Perhaps they are the hoodlums re
ferred to. Anyway, it is reassuring
to knpw that for once the negroes
are not made the goat.-Spokane
The Spokane job printers, press
men and bookbinders made a joint
scale demand and the printing em
ployers' association refused point
blank to deal with them. Why didn't
the boys call the turn by refusing
their Joint proposals? Sauce for the
goose is sauce for the gander.-Spo
BOILERM.AKERS LOCKED OUT.
York, Pa., Sept. 8.-Boilermakers
employed by the Steacy-Schmidt
company were locked out when they
asked for 70 cents an hour. The
manager is opposed to unionism and
all forms of collective bargaining,
but did agree to pay the boiler
makers "what they were worth," if
the boilermakers will accept the
manager as judge.
'nd it appears as if they will profit
by the akshuns of the caputalist
class in thfeir efforts to free them
selves frum the tyranny of the aris
tokrats not so very long ago.
The caputalist plans to devide 'nd
conker. He's been kwite suksess
ful in the past, but the wurking pee
pul are getting peeved 'nd they are
not satisfied with a form of orgy
nizashun wich under presunt con
dishuns can be manipulated so eazy
fer the benyfit of the prbfiteers.
The old idee thet the laboring men
cannot stick together is troo ownly
when they belong to an organizashun
wich emphasizes the sooperiority or
inferiority between crafts or betwixt
skilled 'nd unskilled labor.
The caputalist class in there fight
fer a place in the sun found it nec
essary to bury there individual dif
ferunces 'nd it wuz ownly when they
sukseeded in doing so that they
acheeved a victory over the old-time
Of coarse, they wud never heyv wun
the victory if it hadn't been fer the
wurken deepul whoom they deluded
into thinking they were goin to get
suin bennyfits from the change.
History rekords where after the
victory over the autocrats had been
wun 'nd the wurkin peepul asked fer
sum real bennyfits from the change,
the caputalists were so frightened by
the demands of the wurken class they
almost hed heart failyure 'nd rather
than aksede to the very reesonable
rekwest of the peepul whu hed dun
the rele fighting, they thru away the
froots of their victry 'nd humbly beg
ged the autokrasy to return 'nd save
them from the peepul.
Such poltrooney is a historical ek
sample of the kind of karakters wich
make up the caputalist class 'nd if
there is eny honest to goodness
wurken man who thinks that the
caputalist and the laboring classes
are bruthers, I am shure when he
reely understands the situashun he
will repudiate enny relashunship wot
When a man realyzes the tremen
Jus difference between the ideels of
the eksploiting classes of this world
and the producing class he is termed
class coushus 'nd if he is a live wire
yu will find him aktively engaged in
the moovmient to advance the .inter
ests of his class.
If union men ownly reelyzed the
power of the class conshus idee they
wud do there durndest to enlighten
there fellow workers-becuz a class
conshus wurken man will not scab
he dislikes to do enny thing wich
will retard the interusts of his class
'nd he will not be bamboozled by the
bosses ez eazy az a wurken man whu
duzzent understand the irreconcil
lable conflict. wich iz 'ad always has
taken place betwixt the two classes.
Thet the class'conshus idee is gain
ing momentum tliru out the country
can be judged by the rapidly increas
ing number of union men who favor
the O. B. U. method of organizashun
wich eliminates so menny week
points thet the caputalists is becunm
ming alarmed 'nd ls frantikally call
ing on the offishuls of the large un
ions to hed off this thing wich thret
ens to destroy there power over la
Thet yellow streeak wich the histry
of the caputalist class shows is an
inheritance wich ha hnot been out
grown, reveeled itself in the terror
1st methods adopted by the profiteers
of the country when they uzed the
war as an excuse to remove enny
thing 'nd enny body who kwestioned
there rite to ecksploit the peepul.
Yours in haste,