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members of the staff have been fined a total of $9,500, on
charges of sedition, charges which were the direct result of
the effort of the corrupt political machine in Montana to put
a free press out of business. The cases have been appealed
to the State Supreme Court. It requires money to fight
these cases through the various courts; it takes money for
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nographers' hire. None of the money goes to pay lawyers'
fees, the lawy9rs engaged in the cases not only having donat
ed their services, but actually paying their own expenses.
The fines imposed and the expenses of fighting the cases
through the courts, are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep
ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order issued by the copper
interests-and if you believe the Bulletin has been of ser
vice to the cause of labor and the honest element generally,
you should help defray the expenses incident to the fight for
a FREE PRESS by contributing according to your means.
The need for funds is imperative and you should not delay
sending in your contributions.
IElElllllllllllElllllliEillEEilE EElE ElllE EEEEEEEE
Names of donors to the Free Press Defense Fund will not be pub
lished unless by special request, for obvious reasons, but receipts
will be given or forwarded by mail.
DEFENSE F UN D
101 8. IDAHO BUTTE, MONT.
Ii FEnIrar -r- l~P-·
An Open Letter to the
Working Class of Butte
By the Secretary of the Free Land Society.
The Free Land society is circulat
ing a petition to congress requesting
that body to pass a certain bill. gen
erally called the Idle Land ill, anud
also asking congress to propose an
amendment to the constitution of the
United States making the measure
This proposed bill malcus all th,;
idle lands and undeveloped natural
resources of America--be the same
agricultural land, building land, oil
land, timber land, mining land, a
water-power site or idle land of any
other character-free to whomsoever
will work the same.
It provides that land may be tak
en away from persons who will not
use it and given to those who will. It
makes use the only basis of tenure.
HIenceforward persons who do not
work their land or see to its em
ployment, must give way to persons
who will work it or use it.
The proposed law prevents the
withholding of land from use for
speculative purposes. After tile
passage of the bill, if the owner of
land wishes to remain in undisturbed
possession, it will be necessary for
the person or corporation controlling
the land to work it. Failing in that,
any one can step in and do so.
In a word, the Idle Land bill
makes all idle land free land.
When all idle land is free land.
much agricultural acreage now out
of cultivation will be brought under
,he plow and become productive.
This will help to bring down the
price of food stuffs and reduce the
cost of living.
When all idle land is free land.
ihe building of houses and other
structures will be encouraged. And,
of course, when more houses go up
rents will naturally tend to come
down, thus reducing the prices paid
for rooms, apartments and building
accommodations in gener al.
Moreover, when all idle land id
free land, industrial monopoly wi!l
begin to crumble all along the line
c;,d come to be replaced by a regime
cf effective competition.
For instance, it will then be pos
rible for small companies and per
sons of limited means to use timber
lands now tied up for a rise in
stumpage, thus successfully engage
in the manufacture of lumber. That
will mean the ncud of the lumber
Again, when all idle land is free
land, the unworked deposits of iron
ore tied up by tile steel trust --as also 1
the idle deposits of our coal, lead,
copper and other lilling kings--can
be operalted by anyon1 e who will oper
ate theill. That will mean the end of
lmonopoly in tile mining lutsiness.
And so o11. c
When all idle land is free l:iel.
nearly every one with a little capital
1 will want to try his luck in some line 1
of en(leavor. l'The resulting indus
" trial activity will create such a tde
mand for labor that unemployment
nmust disappear anld wages necssalr- 1
ily Idvance. Persons owning or ac
quiring idle aInds will bid against.
one anlother for labor to work theni,
and thus pIrevent their preemption by 1
otlhers. Rlatller 1than lose Control of i
1their land for lock of labor, they will
bid up the pricI offered for labor un-11
Stil they anu la:y nlo nlore.
Briefly, then, when all idle land is
Sfree lanid, compell(1tition will en11sure
(labor all that emplloyers can afford 1
I to pay. It will tlihen hardly be ne1
0essar'y to have lnionlll to keeC1) 1
wages, thley will stand uip of themn
selves. The nalturaIl laws of COeII1e
tition will then produce exactly op
I posite results to those prevailing un- 1
ier thlle present regime of unre
strained private ownership. Ilnstead t
of men running after jobs, jobs will
then be seeking men. P'rofits will
tend to fall to a minin1mulm anId wagres
\will tend to rise to a maxinluti.
So to recapitulate here: Our bill 1
to malke all idle land free land will
extingliish industrial monopoly, abol
ish ullnemnlploylmenllt, raise wages, low- I
Er rents and reduce the cost of living.
Now, fellow wo)rkers, there is
"1lle0 hing worth while for you. 1
There is a proposilion big enoughl
andll simple enough for you to1 gelt
It does not matter what el,e you
are, provided only you be n wo"-k
'ng man, it can be satisfactorily i
shown to you that the Idle Land bill
will be a good thing for you. So yo,'
- re all going to sign our petition for'
it. The work already accomplished
by the society justifies that state- I
From the limited canvass thus f'nr
made, it is quite certain that work
ing people and their sympathizers,
i. e., a majority of the people of this
tnation, can be induced, upon proper
solicitation, to sign the petition now
So the society is making arrange
noents to systematically carry on a
canvass of every voter in America for
the purpose of securing their record
ed approval or their disapproval of
By thus putting it squarely up to
each voter to sign the petition for
the bill or refrain from signing it, we
practically force every voter to vote.
as it were, for or against the bill.
There is absolutely no question as
to the result of such a plebiscite.
Our work is proving that the vote
will be preponderantly for the bill
and not against it.
The only question is as to the time
it will take to get the vote out. That.
of course. deplends on circumstances.
Whilst our numbers are increas
ing, unless the society takes on a
rapid growth, the time will cover a
petriod of years. But given the nec
cssary incroltse in membership, the
time can he reduced to less than no
So I throw out this question for
yotur consideration: Do you want the
Idle l1and bill to become a law now
or after a while? Say after you are
If you don't care about getting it
just now: that is, if you are satis
fied to merely sign the petition and
lot it go at that; if the mass of you
are willing to let a few of us shoul
der the whole load-all right.
Bult if you would like to have the
bill now, more of you will have to
join the society. That is all there is
to it. It will cost you $1.
If the bill is to be secured within
a reasonable time our work must be
speeded up. And the only way to do
that is by increasing the member
ship of the society.
It is just a question of sooner or
later. That is all. So if eventually,
why not now? Sometime -- unless
the social revolution overtakes us.
when, of course, we will get what we
want anyhow--our petition will be
'"-m ally presented to a capitalist
\\ eo, perhaps you think that will
hl the end of it. But not so. The
bill will be made a law then and
For by the time we have in our
possession the recorded approval of
a majority of the people of this na
lion for the bill, we will have built
up al organization strong enough toi
---well, comnland respectful consid
So, to come to the point, I put it
to each and every one of you: What
part are you going to play in the up
building of such an organization?
Are you going to be a slacker or ai
3WHEAT CASE UNSOLVED
BY NEW IIADE ORDERS
Hostile Interests Control
St. Paul, Minn.. Sept. 9.-Orders
issued by Director Barnes of the
United States Grain corporation are
an acknowledgement of the justice
of grading wheat according to mill
ing value rather than a permanent
solution of the farmers' wheat mar
Administration of the orders is in
the hands of interests naturally hos
tile to the farmer. And with such
power the local elevators and the
milling combine will probably be able
to prevent the orders from being any
loss to themselves.
Evidently the grain corporation
will use its protective power only
when the wheat prices fall below the
guaranteed minimumn price. Wheat,
however, is now worth much more
than the minimum. No. 1 dark north
ern is selling on the Minneapolis mar
ket as high as $2.55. Lower grade
wheat should be selling below this
in proportion to the relative prices
established by the (grain adminis
('onlbine ('mntrols Enforcement.
Market prices, however, appear to
indicate that the damaged wheat is
selling a great deal below these fig
ures. In other words, the grain in
terests are not carrying out the
spirit of the orders and are sth, nric
ing this wheat below what it 1a .orth
If the new regulations are to he
enforced only When No. I dark north
ern reaches the minimum, they mean
little, for the natural price of wheat
is far above this minimum, which
was below cost of production when
it was first set in September, 1917.
Only control of tite market ma
chinery, that is. elevators, mills and
other marketing facilities, such as
the Nonpartisan league farmers pro
pose, will solve the wheat. problem.
Those who control the marketing
from the farmer's wagon to the con
sumption of bread are able to do
about as they wish with any mere
law, regulation or official proclamla
-low concentrated is the power of
the milling combine is shown by the
fact that the different mills can
maintain one set of prices for the
American public and another set
much lower for export purposes.
Mills are now refusing to sell to the
grain corporation at export prices be
cause Director Barnes of the grain
corporation offered to sell some of
this "cheap" flour inl the domestic
They likewise can maintain high
prices in the northwest and other big
milling centers, and sell the same
flour cheaper at distant points within
the United States.
The new orders mean that the or
ganized farmers have won recogni
tion of an important principle. The
next steps are to get the machinery
for carrying it out.
0 0 1
1 Today's Anniversary.
Battle of Flodden.
The' "Field of Flodden," in North
umberland, England, was fought on
Sept. 9, 1513. It was the final folly
of an ill-advised monarch, James IV.
of Scotland, who, followed by the
most gallant chevaliers that ever
breath bed, plunged into the bowels of
England's might (and, on this oc
casion, her right) and was engulfed
on Flodden Field. The king, defeat
ed. died on the field. With him 10,
000 of Scotland's most romantic and
chivalrous gentlemen perished. The
e ternal question again arose over dis
mayed Scotland, "Why must so many
perish for the miserable infatuation
-of one man?" Strip it to the marrow,
rand we find that the disaster of
or' lotdden Field was caused by the de
d iv of , ames IV. and his procrastina
tion in taking advantage of favor
able points of ground for attack.
Over Flodden Field broods for aye
oi an element of romantic devotion, of
Scottisll chivalry at its highest. Flod
den Field has given birth to deathless
ipoetry. The story of Flodden Field
is told in "Marmion," by Sir Walter
IiLondon.-Pleading guilty to steal
Sing; ti , mistresses. gold watch and
it. chain, a Brentford servant declared
that she did it to pay for her new
s- teelth. "Not wisdom teeth," observed!
a the magistrate.
- worker? Are you going to do your
he bit or not.
na Y ou workingmnln and women of
Butte can give this new movement a
or miiomentumn which will send it spread
lie ing over the entire nation like a
w lprairio fire, right now.
re Or() you can go ont record as not
e'nring. You can leave it to some
it other time and place to fulfill that
id iBut whatever you do will not make
ru any difference in the end. Your in
ii- difference cannot stop our growth;
it can only retard it. In getting out
he our petitiorn we have crossed the
to Rubicon. We have taken up the
is cross of a new crusade. We have
raised a standard which once unfurl
in ed will never be rerolled.
be So. in conclusion, I ask you:
lo What are you going to do about it?
r- Our organization is financed by an
annual membership fee of $1. That
or covers all. There is no initiation fee
y, or other dues. To carry out the
ss work planned, at this low rate. a
is. large membership must be enrolled.
eI If we can secure a relresentative
be nmember'hip in Butte, that will facil
st itntate the growth in all other places.
Soi let there be a real coimmencement
ill here. A formal start has alr'e.'dy
e been made in this city. Our organi
idl zation is in working order. We aret
So the job and already doing busi
of That more may be accomplished.
a-' you are ear nestly urged to join the
it society. A postal will bring our
to t onst.itution and propaganda litera-!
d- tore.. Address all inquiries to the
Frit Land Society of America, Butte,
at Fraternally and cordially yours,
i- HARRY BOOTHMAN,
i? Executive Secretary.
a Sept. 8, 1919.
BAIL IS WANTED
WITHOUT FAFOR THE
MEN WHO ARE IN JAIL
Hundreds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country
because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims
of the world-wide class war are awating trial-and have been waiting
for many weacy months for the speedy trial guaranteed them by the
United Slates Constitution. Others were tried and sentenced to terms
rIanging from0 one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria,
and appeals in, their cases are now being taken from King Capital drunk
to King Capital sober.
Some of the prisoners have escaped by death, others are dying, many
have contracted tluberculosis and other loathsome diseases, and all are
suffering untohl agony from close confinement in the fetid atmosphere,
from insanitary and unhealthy surroundings, from poor and insufficient
food, and from inhumanl treatmnent accorded henm by brutalized guards.
Past attenmpts to secure bail for all of these workers in jail fiave..not,
been attetnded with great success because of the lack of system.; ;]n
dividnnls sought, to secure bail for their personal friends, and failing to
get the necessary amlont they returned what had been collected; 'thus
nmakinlg their entire efforts fruitless. This was the condition facing the'
delegates from all the western district organizations of the Industrial
W\orkers of the World when they met in conference on July 3 and 4 in
Seattle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing means
A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of
collecting bail and a nation-wide drive has been started to secure the
loan of cash, Liberty Bonds and property sufficient to gain the release
of all class war prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou
sanid lDollars were raised in the first five (lays. More than Two Hun
dred Thousand Dollars are needed to release those now being held for
thei r Labor activity.
Sums of Five lDollars and up are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib
erty Bonds or property is tabulated in triplicate, one copy going to the
person i uiking tlhe loan, another being retained bIy the Bail and Bond
Committee. and the third being filed wilth the Trades Union Savings
and Loan Association of Seattle, with whom all funds, bonds and prop
erly schedules will be banked.
Only those who have been proved loyal and trustworthy are being
sent out as collectors. Everything possible has been done to safeguard
this bail and bond fund, from the selection of the committee to the
choice of the bank. A portion of the fond is being set aside to return
loans on demand in case persons who have made them are forced to
leave the country or have other reasons for making a withdrawal.
Ba il will be used to release specified persons where that is desired,
but otherwise the release will take place by a blind drawing of names,
tIhus iisurin. fairness to all prisoners. By common consent the men
in Wichita, lansas, jail will first be released, as they have been held
Ithe longest and jail conditions are worse there than anywhere else in
the entire coiintry. This bail has nearly all been subscribed, and the
men will be made accredited collectors when released, and their speedy
release will help to set others at liberty.
No necessity exists for argument. Your duty is clear. If your ears
are not deafl to a call from your class, if yon feel that an injury to one
is an injury to all, i f there buirns within you the faintest spark of human
ity. you )v'ill see that the men do not remain behind the bars an un
necessary minute because you withheld your support.
THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOU!
ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM?
Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Engdahl, Secretary of Ball
and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle.
Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph S. Pierce,
Room 607 Central Building, Seattle.
Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., A. S. Embree, Bond and Bail
NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of
publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the
good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of
the paper only; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under
.his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and
the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which
may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany
your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor.
To Bulletin Readers: Frequently
contributions for this column are re
ceived by the Bulletin, but cannot
be published because of the fact that
the writer has signed an anonymous
Signature, but has withheld his true
name and address. Oftentimes these
communications bear on subjects of
grave importance that are of great
It may be stated here that no com
munications which do not bear the
signatures of the contributors will be
accepted for this column. The fact
that we require all contribators to
sign their contributions with their
true names and addresses does not
necessarily mean that the signature
will be printed. An anonymous sig
nature for publication of the Bulletin
and as an indication of good faith
%we require that the writer imake his
or her identity known to us.-The
Butte Daily Bulletin,
To C. S. Nuzum.
You have asked for a definition
of the word "bolshevism;" in the
Russian language. "bolshi" means
many. much, the majority, so that
the word "bolshevism" means the
rule of the majority. "Menshi"
in the same language means the les'
in number or in quantity, the mi
My dear friend, you must under
stand that this word at the present
time is the most abused word in the
English language; when at a loss
for a word that, will describe the
lowest and worst of all thing., this
word is made use of by "editors" of
the kept press that know as much
about what "bolshevism" means as
a cow knows about the Theorems of
Euclid; but. true to the plans of the
owners of their respective "lying
sheets," they sink to the lowest
depths of infamy and falsehood
prostitute their manhood and "men
tplity" (we wll grant for the sak
of argument that they possess some
of the latter), in order to muisleac:
the ones who have not the chance'to
read and know just what the word
We have an instance in the utter
ances of the poor, deluded fool that
for a little while posed in the lime
light of "paytriotism,' that doughty
and bold knight--Ole Hanson-who
made such an inglorious "exit"
after such a trumpet-blaring en
trance on the "field of glory"--
who threatened to resign and start a
"hanging carnival." who was and is
in heart. soul ( ?) and mind an
:narchist and is yet-called men who
:are his superior in mentality, mor-
ality and genuine patriotism--an
archists, pro-German, etc.
The big five of the packing trust,
the steel trust and in short all the
trusts and profiteers who consider
all those who assail the H. C. of L.
and seek a re-adjustment of things
anarchists and bolshevists, this
menshevist contingent hurl the name
of bolshevist at the ones who seek
release from the enslaving condition,
'from the robbery committed under
the guise of "business," firmly be
lieving that thle term bolshr:vist
means the acme of criminality. an
archic tic, treasonable, unpatriotic
and un-American; if the majority
of the people in the United' States
can bring about justice in the courts.
equality before the law, when we
can in all truth enjoy the blessing::
:f a real and true democracy as the
Constitution of the United States is
meant to give u.. then the term
"bollahex ist' will be rightly bestowed
btacause ii will be by the majority
hat it was von. and not in the
ower of tile nmeatlievist faction as
John 1). Ryan. Rockefeller. Disaue
lary, Schw:+b. all that ilk who
* rample the rights of free men under I
:oot, those who profiteer, all thes
,re ,nenshevists (minority but yet I
rule the country and are above all
law since they neither fear it nor
This menshevist class are the
cause of the wide discontent, the
revolt against the minority rule oi
he master class, and presents the
reversal of the axiom that the ma
jority rules and governs the minori
ty, quite a new logic.
If you read the word bolshevism
or see an article about this horrible
word in the Standard or Butte
Whiner-"let not your heart be
troubled"-for the Whiner has an
editor whose think tank is a curi
osity; the part not atrophied has re
mained as it was at his birth, and
no one with an atom of gray matter
ever takes him seriouc.y, but of one
thing you can rest assured, "when
you read anything in the Whiner,
you know it is not true" and all
the talk and preachment against bol
shevism is done to stir up hatred,
strife and dissension to becloud the
real issue and work on the minds of
those who are wilfully ignorant or
for schemes of their own which will
not hbear the searchlight of truth, to
paid distorters of the truth the word
bolshevism is invaluable.
When Madame Roland ascended
ihe scaffold she exclaimed, ''"Oh.
Liberty, ,hpaRmn y. crimes are com
mitted in thy name,' and now in
1919-we free men (?)--in the
"Land of Liberty (?)" can exclaim:
"Oh, Democracy, what crimes are
committed, what lies scattered
troadcast, what injustice is visited
upon free men"--that the menshe
vist may enslave the bolshevist and
deny them the rights which the
great Constitution of the greatest
and grandest country under the sun
grants them but which they by the
power of money can take away from
them, for, by the new ruling, the
lesser quantity is greater than the
I am, Brother Nuzum, yours to
command at any time when you care
to know more about the matter;
you see I get my information from
first source, not from the Whiner's
editor, and my authority on bolshe
vism is Professor Waldemer of War
W. E. H.
t'hree Forks, Mont.
EAST SIDE j
Maurice Eagan, Prop.