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Scott Nearing's Special Article
ENJOYING AND PAYING.
The American people take it for
granted that a fortune is a great boon
to a community. According to the
commonly accepted line of reasoning
the existence of a fortune is a sign
of community prosperity. The more
fortunes the greater the prosperity.
Leaving aside for the moment any
consideration of the obvious fallacy
which lies behind a system of social
organizations that allows some of its
members to live in comparative lux
ury'and idleness while others--and
these are direct producers--exist for
the most part either on the verge of
poverty or in its depths, it is quite
worth while to ask whether a fortune
is a community blessing or a com
The possessor of the fortune has
in most cases secured titles to social
values-that is. he has made himself
ltaster of the natural resources, of
the franchises, factories and the
other economic opportunities upon
which the people depend for work
and livelihood. Once having the
title to these sptcial privileges, the
owner is able to avail himself of the
full monopoly power which is in
cluded in his ownership. The own
ers of the anthracite coal fields, for
example, have added no coal to the
store already in the ground, nor have
they themselves taken any of it out
of the ground. They have merely
employed their ownership as a means
of securing monopoly profits or land
lord profits when the coal is taken
by the workers from its place in the
earth and t!rned into forms that are
needed by the American people.
The question may he iput in this
way. Suppose there were no private
owners of anthracite coal. Would
there be anl less co;ll in the ground?
Would it, Ie any harder to reach?
`Would it be any tmiore expensive to
mine? Would it cost the consumer
any more? Obviously the answer to
all of these questions is "no." The
owner of a. natural resource imerely.
puts a fence around it and notiCies
the people that if they wish to use
any portion of his resources they
must pay him a royalty or rent for
There are millions of acres of land
still in the possession of the govern
ment, located in the Alaskas. in the
Rockies, and in the Sierras, in which
there is i.o be found all the minerals
necessary to prosperity iand Iiupon
which there are. in some cases, valu
able growths of timber. These things
now belong to the whole people, just
B U T T E R, BUTTER
MILK AND DAIRY
Wholesale. Give us a
To the Farmers
Ship us your cream.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN IIULIETli\
Sold in the dlrtit sItoreC of
Put Ul) at, 1 li E. Galena.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN ItULLETiIT
The Men's Style
Store of Butte
29-31 WEST PARK STREET
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN.
FOR SALE AT ALL
GROCERS AND AT
107 N. MONTANA ST.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN
Your photo makes an ideal git. i
(t is one thing your friends
cannot buy. We have many I
styles to offer. Have your sit
Thomsons' Park Studio
Jnhn Lumme. Mgr.
217 Esat Park Street.
as the rivers, harbors and lakes he
long to the whole people. Conse
quently no value is set upon them.
Suppose, for example, that people
had never learned the use of anthra
cite coal, and suppose that the little
section of Pennsylvania in which
most of the anthracite is deposited is
still in the possession of the federal
government. It would represent no
value at all, and yet as soon as a
method of utilizing the anthracite
was discovered, the fourteen billion!
tons of unmined coal would acquire
immediate economic imnportance.
Sulipose that the right to mine this
coal were leased by the governmeat
to the highest bidder on a royalty
basis, or suppose that the govern
mient should mine the coal and dis
pose of it at cost to the people. In
either case no private fortunes would
he made out of the land, yet the
coal would be utilized just as effec
I tively and perhaps more so than it
is under th e present system. Yet so
absurdly have economic truths been
presented to the American pIeople
that. they feel instinctively that the
- coal land is more valuable in the
Shands of private owners than it
would be in the hands of the federal
Sgovernnenlt. Of course, it is more
3 valuable to the private owners and
t perhaps that is the reason they have
been so anxious to impress the point
on the public imagination.
Special privilege, privately owned
Srepresents a gain to the owner. hobut
a loss to the commnunity. The ownel
is able. through his privilege. to in
crease his wealth, but hecause of the
4iprivate ownership, the community is
compelled to pay more for the goods
m/ nd services which it uses. The priv
ileged enjoy-- -the community pays.
S'TAlRVING AIMERICAN CHILD)REN
Starving children in Serbia
Greece. France and Belgium make a
touching appeal to us. Even the
starved children of Austria and Ger
mlany are commanding our attention.
We organize, work and give to re
lieve their distresses and provide
them with at least the simple neces
saries of life. America has starving
children. The children's bureau
places the number at "between 15
and 25 per cent of our school chil
dren ( 3.1100,000 to .,000,000 ).'
These children are described by tilc
the comforting word, "undernoir
ished." "'Malnutrition" is a term less
barbarous than "starvation."
The children's bureau report de
scribes a well nourished child as one
who "first of all. measures up to ra
cial and family standards of his age
in height and weight. He has good
color, bright eyes-- no blue or dtarl
circles underneath them--and
smooth, glossy hair. His carriage
is good, his step elastic, his flesh
firm, and his muscles well developed
in disposition he is usually happy
and good natured; tie is brim full of
life and animal spirits and is cou
.tuntly active both lphysically and
imentally. His sleep is sounid, his ap
petite and digestion good, his boweol
regular. Fle is. in short, what na
SIre mleanlt hintl o be before anything
t.lso a hapty, healthy young ani
I (er is a standard to which all
tambitious parents and all wise naus
tionts alight well aspire. But ill the
girelat AmIeri InII metropolis, New
York, and invesligation b)y the btu
reau of child hygiene made in the
b' ionrgh of Ihlaullattan (arch,
1911S showed that 17.3 per cent of
.the children(i were excellently nolr
Sished ; 61.1 per cent were passably
nourished; the remaining 21.6 pme
cenlt were malnourished. This 21.6
per cen(it spread out over the United
State.s, lmeans miillions of the child
lpopulation denied an opportunity foI
that standard of glad-eyed health
which the clildren's hureau de
M.illions of European children are
facinlg a satvage. winter. Millions of
Amolllric'all children are slowly starv
in ing to dcaih. Europe is war-lorn.
'The I'nited States is ridden by an
old ian of the sea in the form of
an industrial systemi which provides
- I n, \lxuries of life for a few tens of
thousands while it condemns millions
of children to the hell of slow star
IEARIA' IN TilHE' GAME.
Henryv ('lay cotlllnented on tlhe ecco
nolmic situation in the Unitedt States
N in a speeh ichich le mlaude to the
senate in 1832. "A friend of mine
in this city bought, in Illinois last fall
.abo1ut 2,000 tac res of this refuse land
aIt the minimumn price, for which he
has lately refused $6 per acre. .
It is a business, a very profitable
lusiness, att Vwhlicl fortunes are nade
in the lnew states to purchase these
refuse lands and, without improvingu
themu,i o sell them at large ad
C('lay was arguing to prove that the
llational domlain was really valuable
and not -"refuse'" land as one of hit
opponellants had insisted. ,
In those days of the early settle
nient of Illinois a land booim set the
values at $6 an acre. Henry Clay
cited the incident to show how some
i meiin might get rich without working
by bhuyinlg and selling land. LitLle
di lid he dream of the lengths to which
this real estate speculator prosperity
Between 1i00l and 1910) the value
of Illinois farm lands increased 1.576
millions or 104 per cent in 10 years.
A recent repori carried in a New
York financial paper notes sales of
three farms al Champaign, Ill., for
$400 per acre; and another farm at
Kankakee, 160 acres, for $6S.001)
($425 per acre). For each dollar of
additional land value, the users of
land products pay 4 or 5 cents a yeai
in rent or interest. On a billion dol
lars the annual charge is fifty rmil
If people could have known ini
ls32 the staggering burden of land
value increases that were lying in
wait for their descendants, they
might well have saved this genera
tion the labor that will be involved
in converting so huge a special inter
est as that now represented by land
Slordismn in the United States into a
community benefit. Such a change
can be made in one way. and only
one. The land of the United States
must belong to the people of the
United States-Just as the rivers and
harbors do-and must be used, as
the rivers and harbors are used--not
for private profit, but for community
(Continued from Page One.)
st natorial questioners dealt with this
theory, but it did not shake his con
Mr. Plumb mlade reference to ap
proaching revolution should "con
s.ervative labor forces" not sectfre
concessions of the type embodied in
his plan. and this occasioned more
Is Only "Mere Bluff."
Mr. Stone attacked the Cummint
bill in its entirey. Its committee on
wages and wtorkinlg conditions, ht
said. was a "timrre bluff;" it cinched
"bureaucratic control" on the roads;
.t distorted iprocedure of hbe inter
state comia'ree conmmnision in orde:
to give the coinlission a ~mandat.e t
(ix iates on tlhe basis of inthtlae.
capitalization." and it had a trans
oortation board "just to take blam.
f:.f guilty railroad officials" for
lcnying "rights to labor."
"Franlll vicious," he said, were
its provisions against strikes in in
elrstate comiueree. It contained an
'implied repeal of the Adamlson
sight-hour bill" and its division of
ailiroadt systems into 25 or 30 sys
emns was "illogical and artificial."
EIGHT N[W IEACfHEfS
APPOINTED BY BOARD
At the regular meeting of the
:chool board last night, eight new
eachers were appointed: Violet
MacDonald. kindergarten; Bertha
Malmon, Sadie Murphy, Margaret Me
Grady, Anna M. Shields, Esther M.
Leary, Margaret Johnston and Mary
Bulletin Want Ads Get
Result. Phone 52.
The Strangling of Persia by
England; How Accomplished
(From Chicago Republican.)
Recent cable dispatches announced
t.hat, in return for a loan of scoveeai
million dollars, Persia has agreed to
recognize a virtual protectorate by
England, including control of the
Persian oil fields. railroads and in
By the acquisition of Persia, which
s but the last step in a process of
.ggression which began over 10
'enars ago. England fills up the last
-ap in the chain uniting her vast
outinental holdings. reaching front
,he Atlantic coast of Africa to the
Pacific coast of Asia. Briefly, this
ilc lides the whole southern and
more fertile half of the continent of
(sia, bounded on the north by Si
.eria and Chiua, and, through Eng
land's acquisition of the former Ger
man African colonies, a clean sweep?
at the eastern half of Africa, front
Cairo to the Cape of Good Hope.
.1 Jourlley of 10,,100 Miles Through
llri ish Possessions.
Starting fromn (tCape Town, South
frica, a. traveler (could journey tilt
entire distance of 5.000 miles to
Alexander, at the mouth of the Nile.
xithout passing frontt under the Brit
ish flag. lie wolild traverse. succes
ively, t.he cape territory, taken from
!-olland by conqtuest over I00 years
Sago; the formtter Boor republics of
lie Trlan.svaal and Orange Free State.
thsorbed by England 20 years ago;
the great district of Rhodesia, the
on'irmer German 1East Africa, British
,ast Afriea, the Anglo-Egyptian Sn
laIt. for the posisession of which
FraInce anlld England nearly went to
f war ill 1895. nutd Egypt. anlnexed by
England overt the protests of its in
habitants, with the approval of the
Paris peace conference.
' Then, turnling eastward at Alexan
dria, our traveler mtight journey for
Sanother 5.001 mnile, through a chain
of Asiatic countries, every one of
w which is either openly owned by Eng
land, or politically and economically
control led as a " ro0tectoratte or
"sphere of influence," such as Hod
iaz, Palestine. Mesopotamia. Persia.
Afghanistan. Beluchistan. India, Bur
mah, Siatm, and the Malay states.
i hlow England Controls Votes in
S TLeagi.u of Nations.
In passing, it. should be noted that,
e although no one would be so foolish
is to clalilm thiat atny one of Ithese
e coulntries is Ilt independent and sov
eI ereign nation, England has secured
e the admission of four of them to
g the 1eaguc of Nations, where their
votes. added to those of England.
'"uid'(ta. Australia, New Zealand, and
e South Africa, will give England con
e trol of nIil votes ill the League of
SNations, tas against the single lone
vole allowed the United States.
Even ithe Philippine islands. al
e though they have their own nationa:ll
y legislaturlle, are not given ai vote in
e the League of Nations. notwithstanid
C ing the furtlher fact. that the Philip
s' pine islands halive a population, ac
I cording to the International Year
Y Book for 1915, of 9,503,271. as
against Canada's 7.206,643, Aus
e tralia's 4.895.894, and New Zealand's
Moreover. inl the case of India,
v Hedjaz. Siam, attnd Persia, all of
f which are to be full-fledged mern
r bers of the league, the term ''self
t governing dominion" cannot be taken
seriously, and their votes will simply
be cast for them by England. India,
indeed, at the present time, through
t the operation of the so-called Row
Slatt bills, is a nation of 315.000.000
souls virtually in jail, and the term
"self-determination" with reference
t to India and England's other subject
1 nations is nothing but a ghastly joke.
v Persia's Fate Like That of Egypt.
The manner in which Persia has
I been swallowed by England is close
ly parallel to that in the case of
Egypt. Like Egypt, Persia is one of
a the oldest nations in the world, with
e a culture, laws, and literature of its
y own dating back to the dawn of
e Like Egypt. too. Persia has pre
I served unbroken its distinctive na
5 tional life and civilization through
t all the long centuries. Even during
y the middle ages, when the night of
barbarism was upon the face of most
(Continued from Page One.)
neither the steel employ.s nor the
employers, but the great third party.
Judge Gary, arler ric ivting a tele
gram from Senatrl I1g yoi, tele
phoned that he could n1- H appear next
Thursday and t hi request his ap
pearance was po;:tponed until
Wednesday of ne.t wc~,k. Fitzpat
rick and his aides. however, are ex
pected to bie present Til'huriday.
Senator Thonmis aid the refusal
of Judge Gary to r.'c'ive representa
tives of the workers wa-i; "unjusti
tied and unwise." and that the strike
was "one of ttihe dtI',veoplitents that
will put American institutions to
.heir supreme test." lie added that
the senate investiga;tin would re-I
quire too nlllh time1' to Ibe of service.
Senator Kenyon swaid industry war
in "a rather ticklish" situation and
needed every steadying influences. If
reports that 3i O, llm tien are on
strike are true. he added, congress
should "not ;i! idly by and do
nothing." The day is gone by when
either capital or lahbr has the right
to precipitate such colditions on the
('ONCILIA'I'I N I OARIDS.
(Special Uniteld Press Wire.)
Washington. Setpt. 2.I -- Govern
ment conciliation bouards may grow
out of the steel strike hearings which
begin before the seuate labor cornm
Inittee tomorrow. HLnaltotor Kenyon
suggested. Although he is opposed
to conmpulsory arbitration as a geun
eral remedy for industrial ills, Sen
ator Kenyon said voluntary concilia
tion boards to investigate conditions
between labor and capital and lilay
the facts before thll public might be
London.-- i hargid with a'-sauit
ing a young weiuani wtlkiitg with he1
fi ance, a Mtaidenhould mani pleadet d
that 'le was drunkl and "iutst have
thought it was his )iisaur."
of Europe. Persia was the home of'
an enlightened people. practising the
arts and sciences, weaving matchless
rugs and carlpts. and producing a
literature which is still one of the
glories of the world.
For instance, Omlar Khayyam, a
Persian pole whose works, even in
translation, are the delight of mil
lions of Europeanll alnt American
readers today, was a learned Persian
astronomer. who was Illaking obser
vations of the sta rs, and writing im
mnortal poetry, at precisely the time
that PWilliam the ('onqueror was in
vading England and battling the An
glo-Saxons with hows andt arrows. It
was a time whenli European kings
could neither read nor write, ate
imeat without knives or forks, and
i~vered their floors with coarse straw
Iow ' Persia's Imleltxndenct e ,Was
As already indicated, the destrue
tine oif Persia as anl independent na
tion is the result of a systematic
campaign of encroachultllt t and ag
grtssion by England during a pe
riod of moIre thIt.ll 1 years.
Twety years ago Persia was still an
independent nation, ruled by its sov
olrreit i calledl the shall. It. was hon
orably fulfilling all its internatitnal
obligations and endeavoring to live
on te iuns of friendship with its neigh
There was a strong younlg Persian
parlty, ioreover, which was earnestly
desirons f denmocratizing the gov
erm'lltlltet and lmaking of Persia a
progressive iand prospertous country.
' So strong did this movement beconme
that inl 1906 the shah promulgated
a oinns ttutiion, and on Oct. 7 of that
'ar tlihe first Persian parliament as
Itussin and England Stir Up
)iss.llnsionll inl IPersia.
I Itdtr this new constitution, par
!i:ltlent assilted control of the na
iotnal finances, by whiich it was
hoped to prevent the great powers
h0rom seciring mortgages on the
tiunitryt tthrough tempting the sover
eign with large money loans to speud
a:t he plea'ted, which was for long a
favorite device on the part of the
griet powers for tlhe purptose of ctor
rtlpting ttalive rulers antd getting a
footihold in their dominions. This
wats, indeed, the means by which
1 England first got Egypt involved in
1 the meshes of the Birtish empire
ba ;,c in the days of TI,mmail Pasla.
The Persian parliament's efforts to
reform litng-standing abuises in the
iintolla admlninistration tleciamel so de
tornlined that )parliamtlent sooni follnd
I itself in collision with thet shalh.
The Russian and British govern
ntents. for selfish purposes of their
own. encouraged the shah in his
I oppositionl to parliament, and Russia
sen it abody of Cossacks into Persia
for his use in opposing parliament,
i the Persian army remainillg loyal to
- thein parliamentt.
The tesult was that. with the aid
Sof the Russian Cossacks, the Persian
Iparliament was disrupted anld nar
Stial law proclaimed. A period of
tcivil war ensued. in which parlia
mlent finally got the uplper hand, the
shalt fleeing for safety to the Rus
- 'ian legation, where h:e was har
The shah later abdicated, and his
son, i child of 11, was proclaimed his
Russia and, I'nugland Divide Per
sin ]Into "Spheres of inflt
Neither I'ussia nor England, how
ever. could tolerate Ithi idea of a
strong, indepehndent Persia. But. on
the other hand, they were mutually
jea lous of eachl other.
RI.ussia and Fngland finally com
cpromised the difficulty by coolly di
viding the country between theti in
into "spheres of influence.'' Ont
Aug. "1. 1907. they concluded a
treaty between themselves to this ef
fect. Russia appropriating the north
rn half and England the southern
h alf of Persia.
Referring to the events of this pe
riod, the conservative International
"ln order to discredit the new gov
ertnmeut, these two powers (England
and Russia) fomented internal dis
order; they encouraged the semi-wild
tribesmen to make raids, and sup
ported the rebellious partisans of the
deposed shah. . ITu the following
year Great Britain protested that the
southern trade routes were being dis
turbed by brigands and that unleia
order was restored within three
I months a local police would be or
ganized under British officers at the
expense of the Persian rerenue cus
"The reply of parliament was that
the disorders were due to the pres
ence of Russian troops anti to the en
couragement given by foreigners to
the deposed shah. who was constant
ly invading the country."
Persia Appeals to lnsited States.
The internal disorders fomented in I
Persia by England and Russia so dis
organized the country's finances that ia
the distracted parliament turned to
the United States, the only country
which it dared trust, for assistance
in reorganizing its fiscal affairs.
In response to the appeal of the
Persian parliament, President Taft
recommniended to Pesia the servicer?'
of a young American, Mr. W. lMor f
rgan Shuster, who went out to Persia.
Mr.. Shuster was received with
I great cordiality by the Persian par- 1
liament, which appointed him treas- t
urer-general of the country, with
large powers, including practically f
entire control of the finances and ad
England and i1Husia Make Life
'Unibearable for Shuster.
Mr. Shuster was a young man of
Sability and enthusiasm. He entered
d upon the work of reorganizing the
financial affairs of the country, and
began to achieve wonderful success.
But, to quote front the Interna
tional Encyclopedia again:
S"His efforts met the constant op
e positicn of Great ELritain and Rus
Indeed. Shustlr's good work for
Persia aroused such insane hatred
and persecution on the part of Eng
land and Russia that life soon be
came unbearable for hintm.
"Parliament," continues the Inter
national Encyclopedia, "strod by lMr
Shuster, who declared that the resto
"attou of the finance: imeaint the res
toration of order, and denounced the
efforts of the powers to checkmate
I lis efforts for reform.
"On Nov. 39. 1911, an ultimatum
was sent to the Persian government
by Russia. demanding the dismissal I
of Mr. Shuster and the employment
1f of a new treasurer general to be sc
le lected by Russia and Englanid.
st "Parliament refused the Riussian
a demand, an.d a body uof Russia it
to troops wast dispatched to enforce the
tultiniatou . PI:sia. was in a critical
.a situation. She was not in a condition
[ BAI IS WANTED
WITHOUT F L FOR THE
i oMEN WHO ARE IN J IL
Hundrteds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country
because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims
of the world-wide class war are awating trial-aud hav& been waiting
for nmanty weary months for the speedy trial guaranteed them by the
United States (Conslitution. Others were tried and sentenced to terms
ranging f(rom one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria,
,nod. appeals in their cases are now being taken.from King Capital drunk
Lo King Capital sober.
Sitie of the prisoners have escaped by death, others are dying, mans
haxve conlltncted tuberculosis and other loathsome diseases, and all are
su'fferinlg untold agony from close confinement in the fetid atmosphere,
fitom insanitary to, I unhealthy surr oundings, from poor and insufficient
food, and ft'Irom ilnhuman treatment accorded them by brutalized guards.
Plast attemnts to secure bail for all of these workers in jail have not
been attended with great success because of the lack of system. In
dividuals sought to secure bail for their personal friends, and failing to
get the necessary amount Ithey returned what had been collected, thus
i makitdg their onlire efiorts fruitless. This was the condition facing the
delegates from all the western district organizations of the Industrial
XWorkers of the World when they met in conferetnce oni July 3 and ' in
Seattle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing means
A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of
collecting bail andt a nation-wide drive has been started to secure the
loan of cash, Liberty Bonds and property sufficient to gain the release
of all class war prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou
sand Dollars were raised in the first five days. More than Two Hun
ired Thousand ttollars are needed to release those now being held for
their Labor activity.
Sums of Five I oilaors anid up are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib
erty Bonds or property is tabulated in triplicate. one copy goinug to the
per son making the loan, another being retained by the Bail and Bond
Committee, and the third being filed with the Trades Union Savings
and La1 a Association of Sealtle, with whonm all funds, bonds and prop
erty schedules will be banked.
On)lyx those who have been proved loyal and trustworthy are being.
sent out as collectors.' Everything possible has been done to safeguard
this hail arid bond fund, from the selection of the commnit.ee to the
:choice of the bank. A portion of the fund is being set aside to return
loans on demand in case persons who have made them are forced to
leave the country or have other reasons for making a withdrawal.
Bail will be used to release specified persons where that is desired,
but otherwise the release will take place by a blind drawing of names,
thus insuring fairness to all prisoners. By common consent the men
in Wichita, Kansas. jail will first be released, as they have been held
the longest and jail conditions are worse there than anywhere else in
the entire country. , This bail has nearly all been subscribed, and the
men will be made acvredited collectors when released, and their speedy
release will help to set others at liberty.
No necessity exists for argpunent. Your duty is clear. If your ears
are not deaf to a cli I'Cromn your class, if you feel that an injury to one
is an injury to all, if there burns within you the faintest spark of human
itv vyou will see that the men do not remain behind the bars an un
necessary minute because you withheld your support.
THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOU!
ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM?
Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Enodahl, Secretary of Ball
and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle.
Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph S. Pierce,
Room 607 Central Building, Seattle.
Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., A. S. Embree, Bond and Cail
THAT STANDS EVERY TEST
Our milk may be analyzed and
tested in any way the chemist de
sires and it will be found pure,
rich in butter fat, of heavy body,
.':- R' and thoroughly nutritious-a real
economy food for young and old.
S ) eTryo our pasteurized bottled milk
and you will never want to discon
The Crystal Creamery
459 E. 'ark St. Phone 181
I | II _ m
o resist and was finally cornpelled to
-ie'd. Mr. Shuster was dismissed,
and a Belgian. M. Mornard, was ap
pointcd his successor."
:orce Persia to Recognize lRus
sian- British Agreement.
Having thoroughly disrupted the
finances of Persia, and reduced her
to bankruptcy. Great Britain and
Russia in 1912 '"each agreed to loan
Persia $500,000, in return for the,
recognition by the Persian govern
Sment ot the Russian-English conven
tion of 1907."
Persia, beaten to her knees, was
forced to yield up her sovereignty.
"Great Britain," says the Interna
tional. "had now entered into an al
liasnce with Russia, her ancient dip
oomnatic enemy in the east, in order
to bring about a great entente be
tween France. Russia. and herself in
regard to Germany. The partition of
Persia may be right'y regarded as
one of the important steps leading
to the great European war.
England Falls Heir to Russia's
Share of Bmoty.
Both Russia and England proceed
d(1i then to tighten their grip upon
thei' respective halves of Persia,
Russia sending a large army of occu
pation into the country.
When the Russia nempire col
lapsed in the spring of 1917 England,
sof course, became the residuary leg
alee of Russia's share of the booty,
i thus bringing all of Persia under
e The final chapter in the story of
c the strangling of Persia thus com
pletes itself. It is one of the most
i cynical in the whole history of the
it I ,loitation of weaker peoples by the
I griat powers of Europe.
t And the hypocrisy of the sordid
- transaction is now intensified by
dressing up the dead body of Persia
n in the garments of a living body pol
I itic, and giving her British owners
il the right, to cast a vote in her name
1 in the councils of the League of Na
We Sell for
If you expect to pur
chase a trunk, a suit
case or traveling bag
later, why not antici
pate and secure the
saving we offer now?
W\e sell qualily goodsl
only at d seli far le. c.,.
Wihy shopl al'roud lnll
pay morel elsewhere?
J. BETTMAN & CO.
r West Park Street
See the Window
THERE ARE A FEW EXCEP
in the new line. Even if you don't
Ineed a new suit right now, a
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those for you. Come quick.
E. ZAHL, TAILOR, 504 W. Park!