Newspaper Page Text
STEEL STRIKE* GROWS
End of the First Week Finds Men More Determined Than E
usiness Office ..........52 Today's Press
VOL. 2.---N. 31~. - BUTTE. M NTA\A, SATU I )AY. SICL'11. PRICE FIVE CEN71
90.000 SHIPY ARD WORKERS TO STRIKE
MA mo m a m li in II _P 1Ai'111 I I1l i WflTd a Tfw rIn lhIFTflI n nu.i as _ .
COAST SHIPBUILDERS ARE
FACING GIGANTIC WALKOUT
Sani Fl'a.ciscl.o, Sept. 27.---- Plans ai e e I)ein'g mad.ie to call a
strike ()(l. 1. whllicl wvill affe'd', over 90.000) \\,work(.s emplloyod
i Ihe slhilpyards on the Iacil'ic oast. as a replly to the United
Slates shipping board, who have reflused to allow the coast!
slipbuildling coml(n iies to pIit Inew wage inc(ease1 i into effect.
I)elegates I'nin lthe Metal 'I'rudes c( uncils ili the (oast ship
libuiliing centlersi will imleet ill 'T'lcoma Sunday, at which time
mhey will attemlpt to reach defl'iite decisions mregarding the pro
posed .strike. lnames O()'Connell. chairman ofl the MIetal Trades
departl ment of the Animerican F'edemralinti of ILabor, stated that
the strike was cei'tain unlsca the l
the strike was certain unless the
,shiplping board order was revoked.
Union officials in the various Pa
cific coast cities predicted that the
men would go out, while some local
unions of the shipbuilding crafts al
ready have gone on record in favor
of a strike. In Seattle it was said
the men probably would follow the
action to be taken in Tacoma.
Agreeable to Employers.
The agreement for a wage increase
of 64 cents a day, effectvie Oct. 1.
was reached between the Pacific
Coast Shipbuilders' association and
their emlployes on Aug, 16 and, ac
cording to Mr. O'Connell, the asso
ciation had requested repeal of the
shipping board's order, so that it
1nmlgl.t carry. out its .agreement with
i lho worfliers.
The' San Flrancisco 1bay district will
be moitlst affected bly sluch a strike, as
about 40,000 men are employed in
the shipyards here.
Aplproximately 7,000 men would
be affected in the Los Angeles har
bor district, it was estimated.
At Seattle, union leaders estimate
25,000 men will answer a strike call
if issued, while at Tacoma the num-1
ber is given as 4,800.
Portland has about 10,000 ship
yard workers, and shipyard operators
confirmed the statements of union
men that a strike was expected there.
STRIKE TIS (cERTAIN.
Washington, Sept. 27.-A strike
of shipyard employes on the Pacific
coast is certain unless the navy de
partment and the shipping board re
voke their joint, order prohibiting
wage increases after Oct. 1, James
O'Connell, president of the metal
trades department of the American
Federation of Labor, stated.
Workers on the Atlantic coast will
join in a strike unless the order is
changed. O'Connell said. A meeting
of the executives of 15 international
unions affiliated in the shipbuilding
industry will be held here Monday
to 'decide on action, and MIr. O'Con
nell has arranged for a conference
Tuesday between representatives of
the shipbuilding employes and As
sistant Secretary Roosevelt and Di
rector Ackerson of the Emergency
SEATTLE WOMIAN SHOT
BY MASKED MAN
(Special United Press Wire.)
Seattle, Sept. 27.-Mrs. Edna Sil
tana died in a hospital here after be
inlg shot by a masked man who step
ped from a closet in a hotel, where
she had gone with a man companion
to inspect some whiskey which was
offered for sale. The masked man
Mine Workers' Convention
Most Successful Ever Held
Wiih the declaration that the
twenty-seventh annual convention of
the United Mine Workers of Ameri
ca. which closed at Cleveland, 0., on
Sept. 23, was the most successful
ever held by the organization, J. T.
Taylor of Lehigh, one of the dele
gates from Montana to the conven
tion stopped over in Butte today on
his return home. Delegate Taylor
asserts that more than 2,000 dele
gates were in attendance and that
during the meeting a number of
matters of importance to the miners
were taken care of.
The miners, according to Mr.
Taylor, expressed full sympathy with
the steel workers and on orders
from the convention President
Lewis sent 16 organizers to the
Pittsburgh district to work under
the direction of the steel workers'
The report of the scale commit
tee as adopted by the convention is
We, your scale committee to whom
Dissatisfied With Sentence
for Murder, and Says
Should Be Hung or Else
Emille Meressa, who was convicted
last week of murder in the second
degree was given the sentence this
morning, which the jury fixed for
him-40 to 80 years at Deer Lodge.
Meressa was peeved and made
quite a speech in court. He main
tained that it ought to have been
either first degree murder or noth
ing. He said he was either innocent
or guilty. If innocent, as he main
tained, he was entitled to acquittal:
and if guilty, there wasn't any such
a thing as second degree about it. In
the latter case, he said, he ought to
Meressa said lie had not been per
mitted to take the stand and explain
how lie got the wounds which the
officers found on his person when
he was arrested.
Meressa was convicted of being
one of the two men who shot David
W. Thomas, a watchman at the
Tramway mine, the night of March
15, as Thomas was on his way home
from work. The attack took place
in the 600 block on East Broadway.
Thomas emptied his gun at his as
sailants, but was so badly wounded
himself that he died within 30 min
utes after being taken to the emer
gency hospital. Although there
were witnesses to the shooting, none
were close enough to identify the
participants, and it was the fact that
Meressa, when arrested in Anacon
da a week later, bore two partially
healed bullet wounds, which consti
tuted the strongest evidence against
(Special United Press Wire.)
Washington, Sept. 27.-Secretary
of the Interior Lane denies the re
port that he is planning to resign.
"I had not thought of it," lie said.
has been delegated the dutyof drart
ing a proposed wage scale, herewith
submit for your consideration and
acceptance the following report:
First: We recommend that this,
report be accepted as a substitute for
all wage scale resolutions that have
been presented to the convention.
Second: We recommend that
this convention demand a 60 per cent
increase to be applicable to all classi
fications of day labor and to all ton-:
nage, yardage and dead work rates
throughout the central competitive
Third: We recommend that this
convention demand that all wage
egreements that are negotiated to
replace existing agreements shall be
based on a six-hour work day, from
bank to bank, five days per week.
Fourth: That all day labor shall
be paid time and a half for over
time and double time for work done
on Sundays and legal holidays.
(Continued on Page Two.)
"Mother" Hubbard Insists
on Ordinance Over the Op
position of Organized La
bor. Aimed at Workers.
(Special to The Bulletin.)
Great Falls, Sept. 27.-Consider
able amusement. has been stirred up
in Great Fulls over the new anti
banner law passed by the city coun
cil last week. Labor men who were
present protested at the measure, and
one threatened a general strike, but
Mr. Hubbard, affectionately known
in the electric city as "Mother Hub
bard," insisted and the new charter
of freedomh was whirled through with
We do not know, at this distance
just what the Employers' association
have in mind, or why they should al
low one who is so patiently their
creature to foist such a piece of ty
ranny upon the people of Great Falls,
or do we suppose that the said peo
ple have any.intention of putting up
with the same. Modern business
lives by advertising and since the
law, to be equitable ---if such ordi
nances can ever' he said to justify
such nomenclature-must bar out all
banners, there is likely to be some
thing doing before long.
In fact, already the banners ad
vertising ,various things on the
street cars are off, according to the
Great Falls Tribune, and this is only
the beginning, but it is said amongst
the labor men that whatever the
Montana Power company may do
about it, labor will see to it that its
rights are preserved and that the|
petty-fogging pea-nut politics of lo
cal hate agents will not be allowed
to interfere with the prosecution of
a strike or the advertisement of a
meeting. The labor movement in
our sister city has conducted itself
properly and with due regard to the
very sensitive state of political and
economic affairs at this critical time.
It has tried to be reasonable, but it
is said in Great Falls, that if the city
council has mistaken this for cowar
dice, they have made a sad mistake.
Labor in Great Falls is organized for
tile economic fight and is now turn
ing to the political end of the matter. !
Such arbitrary nonsense as this ban
ner ordinance is regarded by most..
as duck soup for the political arm.
Fair and cooler.
WORKERS VS. CAPITALISTSi
... . ] II. .. .
American Soldiers Were
Subjected to Most Horri
ble Cruelties in Army
Prisons in France.
New York, Sept. 27.---The con
gressional committee which was sent
overseas to investigate reports of
the army "prison horrors" have ar
rived in the United States. The
party which is composed of Repre
sentative Royal C. Johnson of South
Dakota, chairman of the committee.
Oscar E. Bland of Indiana and
Henry D. Flood of Virginia, bring
reports of the most "outrageous
cruelties perpetrated on American
soldiers" in prisons of the American
expeditionary forces in France.
"The facts stand out," said Mh.
Bland. "First, that the most horri
ble and revolting cruelties existed;
secon", that the highest officers re
sponsible have not been made to i
atone for these wrongs; third, that r
no reasonable excuse for the same i
has been offered by.the war depart- P
Iment. It is clearly up to them."
Entire Transportation Sys
tem Paralyzed When the
Trainmen Walk Out. Over
500,000 Workers Affected.
(Special United Press Wire.)
London, Sept. 27.---Great Britain
is involved in the most extensive
strike in the history of the country.
The stoppage of the entire railway
system at midnight last night,
opened the first battle in English
history directly between the govern
ment and organized labor.
Both sides are highly organized
and are prepared to fight to a finish.
\Vith more than 500,(,0() men af-I
fected, the country's whole trans
portation system paralyzed, the go\
, ernment's first plreparation was tol
preplare against starvation. The food
ministry spruug a big surprise when
it revealed the existence of big secret
food 'reserves in London, which are
sufficient to supply the city for six!
weeks. The government has estab
lished a virtual food dictatorship.
which is endowed with almost un
Motor lories, which were stationed
in all parts of the country, began:
operating early this morning be
tween seaports, food depots and the
inland cities. The difficulty of the
milk distribution offers the worstl
problem, but an attempt will be
made to operate a few trains for this;
purpose. It is believed the nation's
babies will be spared suffering. The
navy will be used to help feed the!
country for the first time in history;
of England, thie sei forces having
been called to serve ill such ca-i
ADILINA .PATTI IS I)EAD.
(Special [:nited Press Wire.)
London. Sept. 27.-Adelina Patti.
the Ifamous opera singer, died at
Brechkenshirie. Wales, this morning.
IMEI)IA ' it EXI'PECTEI).
Iyle Davis. government mediator
from Washington, is expected in,
Butte Monday to pour oil over the!
troubled industrial waters.
CASUALTIES 0 N T H E
Farrell ................. 4 11
Buffalo ...................... 1
Newcastle ............. 1
Pittsburgh ................. 9
Garry ........ .......... 25
Note:-The wounded columnl
contains only those seriously in
jured, so(mec of whom will die.
There are many hundreds suffer
ing from minor wounds.
KEEPS PEOPLE GUESSING
AS TO NEW MARKET MAN
Speculation is rife as to the.iden
tity of the man selected by Mayor
Stodden for the position of market
master to take the place made vacant
by the resignalion of T. C. Truscott.
The mayor admlits that he has made
his selection, bIut declines to make
any announcement of whom he has
selected until rthe next regular meet
ing of the city council, when he will
present the name for approval or re
jection. City Building Inspector
Sam Billings is now acting as mar
Men Heading for Work at
Gary Steel Mills Forced
to Pass Long Lines of
Chicago, Sept. 27.--It takes a dis
tinct and peculiar temperament to
ooze by the pickets that surround
the cold furnaces of Gary and South
Chicago. There are no arms visible
nor threats of violence to be heard.
And yet the picket line of spike
haired mill workers keeps its
strangle hold on the works. If it
weren't for the picket lines there'd
be thousands of union men and
"union sympathizers" who would be
gums'ioeing eagerly back to the job
this morning and tonight.
In Gary the picket lines consist of
soft-v-iced, gentle-speaking men.
Later it may be different, but you
have to hand it to the lines around
Gary now---they stand almost to a
man a collection of even-templered,
peace-loving working men with a
persuasive grin on a work-furrowed
face and an art all their own. The
Ion-st'riker starting from home-
after a long row with the missus
usually---lands in the street feeling
rather out of sorts. It. must be re
membered the non-striker isn't nec
essarily an idealist with fine notions
about I.rosperity and government to
keep his spirit up. He's either a
rather ambitious variety of laborer
who's had a spell of bum luck pre
ceding the strike or a hen-pecked
species driven to put on the old
scua;llr cap, shoulder the knapsack
and fare forth strike or no by the
all-powerful storm and strife--the
There were scores of them in Gary
and South Chicago last night. They
usually took the side streets as far
as they could, and entered the main
highway only when they had to.
How the Pickets Work.
And here the picket lines began
11 was "Hello, Billy. where yuh
goin'? Ay, there, George, what's
your rush. Watch yer step., brother.
Say, Bill, what 're yuh ditchin' us
fur, hey?" The non-striker tried to
brazena it out. But there were such
a lot of them, two feet apart all the
way down the street and on both
sides of the street. All were sort of
whispering into his ear as he shuf
(Continued on Page Five.)
Members of Steamship Un
ions Vote Power to Execu
tive Committees to Call
Buffalo, Sept. 27.--The members
of the three Great Lakes steamship
unions have voted power to their
executive committees to call a strike
in sympathy with the steel and iron
workers, it is announced. A meet
ing of the executive committees of
the different unions will be held in
Cleveland in the next few days at
which time the date of the strike
will be decided upon.
The unions involved are the Marine
Firemen, Oilers, Watertenders and
Coal Passers' union, the Marine
Cooks and Stewards' union and the
Seamen's union. Their combined
membership, it is said, is approxi
The strike will be directed against
vessels controlled by the Lake Car
riers' association, comprising 80 per
cent of the vessels on the Great
Lakes and practically all ships en
gaged in the ore-carrying trade.
WOMAN WAS KILLED WHILE
(Special to The Bulletin.)
Pitlsbr'gh. Pa., Sepl. 27.- --The national steel strike at the
close of the first week, with the inldustrv crippled, resolves it
self into a ,oi.tesf in whlich the 25 international unions of the
Anierical Federalion of Labor are waiting for a coup by the
railroad men and Iminers, to bring the entire industry to a shut
down and force government intervention.
'Thliis coin) will not mean the official sanction of the railroad
Irtherhoods. but 1 ocal aitlion. such as indicated by the prepa
rations for a strike of railroaders at Altoona and Johnston, Pa.,
and the unol'l'icial striikes of soft coal iners at points where
Man Convicted of Stealing
Lucile Howard's Whisky
Sentenced This Morning
by District Judge Lynch.
Joe D. Kelly was sentenced this
morning by Judge Lynch to serve
from six to 12 years in the peni
tentiary. He was convicted this
week of burglary in the first degree.
The offense was committed the
night of April 11. when he and two
other mene held up the Arthur Chap
pell residence at 2191 North Emmett
street and took away 17:3 cases of
whisky, which had been stored
there by Miss Lucile Howard.
Kelly's attorneys, James E. Murray
and John F. Emigh, have filed no
tice of their intention to apply for
a new trial.
ALLIES THREATEN TO
CUT OFF FOOD SUPPLY
(Special United Press Wire.)
Paris, Sept. 27.---The supreme
council of the peace conference has
directed Marshal Foch to notify the
Germans that their food supply will
be cut off unless they immediately
evacuate the Baltic provinces.
The allied warning to Germany is
presumably in connection with the
operations of General Von Der
Goltz, the German militarist who
has been leading a force in the Bal
tic states, with the purpose of estab
lishing German influence there. In
response to an inquiry from the al
lies, the German government replied
that he was operating as a private
citizen and that the government was
not responsible for his actions.
Copy of Original Strike
Order Received In Butte
A copy of the orginal order calling
the steel strike has been received by
the Bulletin from Pittsburgh. The
order ih printed on a handbill in sev
eral languages in addition to Eng
lish. The order is as follows:
STIIIIE, SEPTE.IBER 22, 1919.
The workers in the iron and steel
mills and blast furnaces, not working
under union agreements, are re
quested not to go to work on Sept.
22. *,nd to refuse to resume their
employment until such time as the
demands of the organizations have
been conceded by the steel corpor
The union committees have tried
to arrange conferences with the
heads of the steel companies in order
tlhat they might present our legiti
mate demands for the right of col
lective bargaining, higher wages,
shorter hours, and better working
conditions. But the employers have
steadfastly refused to meet them. It
therefore becomes our duty to sup
the steel industry gets its coal
One of the stragetic roads is the
Bessemer and Lake Erie, a steel trust
railroad connecting the ore ports and
the important Carnegie plants in the
Monongahela valley. The Pennsyl
vania and Baltimore and Ohio rail
roads are also vital to the mainte
nance of the steel industry.
Members of the national commit
lee for the organization of the iron
and steel workers refuse in any way
to comment on charges made by
spokesmen for the old order, that
they are seeking sqtiali;a~tlioq and
Williani Z. Foster, wh" is the target
for considerable, abuse as a syndi
catist, recently told newspaper nien
that he had no time to bother with
"I'm just an organizer," said Fos
ter. "I'm not a steel man, I'm an
organizer. I helped to organize the
packing industry and then moved on.
After 1 get through with this strike
I'll take up something else."
John Fitzpatrick as chairman, and
Foster as secretary-treasurer, get all
their authority from the co-operating
international unions. These big in
ternationals have large funds at
their disposal. The extent of the
campaign and the amount of expense
involved can be judged from the
fact that nearly $1,000,000 has been
contributed by the newly organized
steel workers within the last three
months, of this approximately $700z
000 has beep sent to the interna
tionals in which the men have been
segregated according to their craft.
The national committee has re
ceived $300,000, most of which has
been spent to keep 50 organizers in
the field, engage halls and pay fines.
The arrival of John Brown of West
Virginia at the head of 16 of the
best organizers of the United Mine
Workers of America, has stimulated
the moral of the steel workers and
is an important gain, because these
men come from fields where they
have organized the same type of
toilers that are engaged in the steel
"Mother" Jones and Joseph D.
Cannon of the Mill, Mine and Smel
ter organizers say advices have been
sent to all central labor unions
throughout the country to be ready
if called upon to bring relief to the
350,000 steel workers already in
volved in the strike.
Extension of the strike to the
fabricating shops which will involve
another 100,000 workers, is ex
With the steel workers gaining
ground daily in their strike against
the United States Steel corporation,
efforts are now being made to ex
(Continued on Page Five.)
port the committee's claims, in ac
cordance with the practically unani
mous strike vote, by refusing to work
in the mills on or after Sept. 22,
until such time as our just demands
have been granted. And in our
stoppage of work let there be no
violence. The American Federation
of Labor has won all its great prog
ress oy peaceful and legal methods.
IRON AND STEEL WORKERS!
A historic decision confronts us. If
we will but stand together now like
men our demands will soon be
granted and a golden era of pros
perity will open for us in the steel
industry. But if we falter and fall
to act this great effort will be lost,
and ve will Sink back into a miser
able and hopeless serfdom. The wel
fare of our Wivep and children is at
stake. Now is the time to insist
upon our rights as human beings.
STOP WORK SEPT. 22.
NATIONAL COMMITTEE FQR
ORGANIZING IRON ANI