Newspaper Page Text
r Today We Celebrate.
A Brother's Crtelty. th
On Sept. 27, 1106, in a battle be- In
fore the walls of Tinchebray, in
France, between the two brothers, Ai
Henry I. of England and Robert, th
Duke of Normandy, the latter was id
defeated, and imprisoned by his th
brother in a frightful dungeon for In
30 years. "I
Why must it ever be thus, that a af
man's foes are they of his own house- oe
hold. No more terrible cell can bd Bi
imagined than that which saw the 1T
entrance of Robert, Duke of Nor- TI
mandy, into its darkness. The writer H
has been in it many times when liv- hi
ing in the quaint old town of Cardiff, to
Wales, whether the Curthose tower sa
rears its grim head on the estates of to
the Marquis of Bute, who owns one of
of the celebrated mediaeval demesnes di
in all England, where the "donjon" w
or keep still stands within the old ii
walled acres, its majestic, sinister ial
and ruined head having fallen into is
the exact shape of the English crown is
which poor Robert claimed from his el
father, Willlaet the Conqueror. In ti
1077, Robert had raised a rebellion si
against his father in Normandy, si
aided by his mother, Matilda. Wil- A
liam the Conqueror came over to D
quell the rebellion, and was killed by p
a fall from his horse, plunging b
through the falling cinders of a
house on fire at Mantes. Robert
joined the first crusade, whose en
thusiasts swept Europe with their ar- t
dor. Returning from the crusade b
triumphant, having stormed and cap- li
tured Jerusalem, Robert-flushed d
with victory-landed an army in .
England to claim the throne of his
father, William. Can I not, says he
overrun other lands than the Holyii
Land? There was his fatal mistake.,
True, he resigned his claim in favor i
of his brother, Henry, but Henry,
-jealous, implacable Henry ---crept
over to Normandy. Robert gave him l
battle at Tinchebray. Henry dragged
the triumphant crusader to England I
and threw him into the Curthose
towe' in old Caer on the Taff (Car-I
diff). There are shown today ini
that hideous dungeon dimmed of
light, dripping with damp and creep-I
ing things, the implements of torture I
that Henry caused to be used-the
pincers, and basin in which his
brother's eyes were put out. The I
writer has handled these, and shud- (
dered. "Oh, why to man must man- 1
hood be so base!"
"Lo! the poor Indian'!' etc. Pope's
couplet on the American Indian has
liecomne a stock phrase, and we sor
Srowfully regret its entrance into the
vlocabulary of "sayings." Yet, let us
~ie aair, the Indian has been very
shabbily treated, and is "the poor
IIdian." But, the Indian can give
cairds and spades to the proud Cauca
sian race and win at the game of the
grandeur of ancient inheritance. For,
the red man, for whom we think
Uncle Sam will yet have to pay ac
counts in arrears, is of an origin lost
in the mists of time. There is some
thing supremely grand in the an
tiquity of the Indian. He has both
ered the brain-caps of learned ethnol
ogists more than any other r'ace. To
day; Sept. 27, celebrates the defeati
gof. a party of Indians under "King
Paine" in 1812, by Americans under
'Colonel Newman. It was a peculiar
ly. horrid and gory fight. "King
Paine was killed, and a second at-:
tack was made by 200 Indians to1
recover his body, in which they were
:'(lceessful, but suffered shocking
The ethnological literature on the
indian is so enormous that it fol
laws he must be of value to excite
such intense study. Where did the
American Indians come from? And
their wierd customs? And their be
lief in the Great Spirit? And their
totems? And their savagery? They
were masters of this beloved soil of
America before Columbus onl the I
deck of the Pinta discovered the
flashing torch on "land, land!" The
multiplicity of languages among the
Indians is striking. (A nation is
SMASH THE ARMY CASTE
By JOHN J. LENNEY,
Washington, D. C.
(Former quartermaster sergeant of
the 4th U. S. cavalry.)
The historic assaults upon Amer
ican militarism have taken the triple
shibboleth: "Abolish West Point,"
"Abolish the Professional Officer,"
and "Smash the Regular Army."
.They have failed for two reasons:
First-The professional military
school, the professional officer, and
the professional army, though ill
adapted to the genius of the Ameri
can people, have in the matter of na
tional defense, integrity and order,
rendered real service.
Second-The anti-militarists, dur
ing over 100 years of controversy,
have lacked statesmanship. They
have never proposed a military policy
ample, efficient, and purged of mili
Therefore, grudgingly, complain
ingly, the American people balloted
for the militarists. There was no
Farmer, labor and liberal oppon
epts of militarists and militarism
should develop and support a care
fullydrawn democratic military pro
Such a program should possess de
structive and constructive features.
It should abolish the professional
miltary school, the professional offi
cer, and the professional army. It
should provide for:
A. All promotions to be from
the ranks, based on courage, conduct,
field and battle knowledge, and ed
ucational qualifications obtainable in
the graded public schools. (Promo
tion from the ranks has furnished
home 4,000 regular officers. West
Point has furnished but 6,000. Of
the 4,000 "rankers" more than 160
have become general officers, filling
•repeatedly and with distinction every
highest military position. Twenty
three general officers in the great
War were "rankers.")
B. Every officer, after one to
three years' service, to be withdrawn
to civil life.
C. A new model volunteer army
-to be the national training school
i.( military officers-reduced to the
istdric minimum not in excess of
615,000 men; every citizen soldier in
the rank and file undergoing a two
year intensive course in the practice
measured by its speech.) The In
dian resembles amazingly the ancient
Egyptian as we know him. on the
monuments. And their chiefs have
the profile of a Roman coin! The
Indian has the silence and taciturnity
-and the princely bearing-of the
Arab. The Patagonian Indians bury
their dead under a heap of stones.
identical with the cairns raised over
the graves of early Celtic chiefs. The
Indian has been put down as the
"Lost Ten Tribes," that disappeared
after the Babylonian captivity, when
only two tribes returned-Judah and
Benjamin -with Ezra and Nehemiah.
Where did the tribes disappear to?
There are Japanese types with the
Hebrew features; and in Peru the
high priest is the only one permitted
to enter the holy of holies-after the
sacerdotal Jewish custom. Did the
ten tribes mingle with the gentile:
of central Asia? They cannot have
disappeared, for prophecy says they
,will return to Zion. The human fam
ily is one. The Indians are not true
;aborigines. Did they reach this
island of America (America is an
island) from some point of the East
lern Hemisphere in remote pre-glacial
times? And by way of the stepping
stones in narrow Behring strait ? The
soil became his, from Chile to the
Arctic sea, from the Golden Gate to
Delaware. It is with sadness we re
Ipeat, "Lo! the poor Indian!" He has
Ibeen shabbily treated.
According to various reports from
the Canadian press. that mighty la
bor organization in Great Britain
known as the Triple Alliance, has
decided to use a certain amount ot
"direct action" if the demands of the
workers were not met by the govern
nient. However. no specified ac
ing adopted. The socialist leaders
ing what that "direct action" will
Taking into consideration the1
definition of the words "direct ac
tion" given by some of the best
known sociologists, we find that
"direct action" is the culmination of
various means intelligently applie'
in oraer to reach a certain goal.
From this conclusion it would
seem that the British working class
has reached that stage in their de
velopment where they find them
selves sufficiently powerful to out.
line a. direct plan of action outside
of the usuta.l parliamentary jurisdic
In view of the frequent clashes
that have occurred in the past be
tween certain factions of the work
ing class that were more or less mis
led on account of not having a thor
ough hnowledge of the economic and
social forces at work over the de
finition of direct action and political
action, it is humorous, in the light
of recent events, to see those fac
tions t:till feebly protesting that they
do not approve of such a definition
being given to the technical name of
an abstract idea, and thus retarding
the almighty and invincible onward
march of the world's proletariat,
that :s moved by iron necessity to
adapt itself to a more efficient mode
of production.--The Worker, Van
couver, B. C.
Why the Delay?
IT. II. Friedley, state fire marshal,
tells a story of a fire which occurred
recently under mysterious circum
stances. 1Ie says that a barber in a
I certain Indiana town insured his $400
shop equipment for $900 and 25 days
later a fire wiped out the equipment
supposedly, for the equipment for the
most part had been removed secretly
just before the fire. The insurance
agent wired the insurance company his
suspicions and laid stress on the fact
that the fire occurred only 25 days
after the insurance policy went into
"Why the delay?" wired hack the in
surance company.-Indianapolis News.
If you read the Bulletin patronize
and theory of company and battalion
officer; graduating yearly into civil
life about 37,000 highly efficient and
democratically humane company and
battalion colummanders; also graduat
ing, following one to three years' ad
ditional study and practice, the requi
site field and general officers.
A military program based on the
above general lilies makes prlactic
. S. Cava I ry'
able a maximum reserve of trained
officers at a minimum expenditure of
public funds. The whole body of
the manhood of the plain workaday
people, not a caste-ridden, class con
scious coterie, becomes the repository
of the military knowledge and ability
of America. Thus "preparedness" is
made safe for democracy.
Whe'n you was a tadpole and I was
a fish, in that palezoic time,
And side by side in the ebbing tide, la
we sprawled through the ooze li
and slime, ri
Or skittered with many a caudal flip.
through the depths of the Cam- it
brian fen T
My heart was rife with the joy of
life, for I loved you even then. h
Mindless we lived, and mindless we
loved and mindless at last we
And deep in a rift of the Caradoc
dtrift-we slumbered side by e
The world turned on in the lathe of a
lime. and the hot lands heaved g
Till we caught our breath from the
womb of death and crept into
We were Amphibians, scaled and
lailed, and drab as a dead man's
As we coiled at ease 'neath the drip- t
ping trees, or trailed through
the mud and sand-
Croaking and blind with our three
clawed feet, writing a language
With never a spark in the empty
dark to hint at a life to come.
Vet happy we lived, and happy we
loved, and hapipy we died once
And our forms were rolled in the
clinging mold of the Neocomian
The cons came, and the cons fled.
and the sleep that wrapped us
Was riven away in a newer day and
the night of death was past.
'I'hen light, and swift, through t.ll
jungle trees, we swung in our
Or breathed in the balms of the palm
trees fronds in the hush of the
Oh! What beautiful years were these,
when our hearls beat each to
And our lives were filled, and our
senses thrilled in the first faint
dawn of speech.
Thus life, by life, and love, by love,
we passed through the cycles
And breath, by breath, and death, by
death, we followed the chain of
Till there came a time, in the law
of life, when over the nursing
The shadows broke, and our souls
awoke in a faint, dim dream of
I was thewed like the Aurochs bull, h
and tusked like the great cave
While you, my sweet, from head to b
feet, was gowned in your glor- tl
Deep in the gloom of a fireless cave.
when the night fell over the o
And the moon hung red, o'er the
river bed, we numbered the
bones of the slain.
I flaked a flint to a cutting edge, and
shaped it with brutish craft;
I broke a shank, from the woodland
drank, and fitted it, head and
Then I hid me close by a reedy tarn.
where the mammoth came to
Through brawn and bone, I drove
the stone and slew hint upon
Then loud I howled through the
moonlit wastes, loud answered
our kith and kin;
From the west and east, to the crim
son feast the clans came troop
O'er joint, and gristle, and padded
hoof, we fought and clawed, and
And cheek by jowl with many a
growl, we talked the marvel
I covered that fight on a reindeer
bone, with a rude and hairy
I pictured his fall, on the raven wall.
that men might understand
That we lived by blood, and the right
n of might, ere human laws were
d And the age of sin did not begin, till
(1 our brutal tusks were gone.
That was a million years ago, in a
time that no man knows;
And yet tonight, in the mellow light.
we sit at Delmonicos.
Youlr eyes are deep as the Devon
springs; your hair is dark as
Your years are few. your life is new,
youj" soul untried, and yet-
Our trail is upon the Kimmeiidge
clay and the scarp of the Pur
We have left our bones in the bag
shot stones and deep in the
Our lives are old, our love is old, and
death nmust coUme amain.
Should it come today, what man can
say that we shall not live again.
For God fashioned our souls from
" the tremadoc beds and furnished
them wings to fly;
He sowed our spawn in the world's
dim dawn and I know that I
shall not die.
Though cities have sprung above the
graves, where the crook-boned
men made war,
And the oxwaine creaks o'er the bur
Where the mummied mammoths are.
Then as we linger at luncheon here
o'er many a dainty dish,
Let us drink anew, to the time when
you, was a tadpole and I was a
Beautiful South American Bird.
On some of the islands of the Pa
cific, in tropical South America, is
found the beautiful bird known as the
jacana. It is famous for its so-called
love dances, which appear to be exe
cuted by the males to excite the ad
miration of the female birds. When
ed the mating season approaches the
of jacana will single out its favorite lady
of and try to win her admiration with
sy all its bewitching maneuvers. In the
n- dance the wings are spread and
r worked In such a manner that the
Is beautiful colored feathers produce a
brilliant effect . ..
With the Editors J
THE ALLIJB AND HI'NGARY.
It is difficult to write in restrained
language about the action of the al
lied governments toward thie llunga
It is stated in a remarlkall lead
ing article which appeared in the
Times last Friday that for some time
past the peace conference ill Paris
had been in negotiation with sundry
allied governments in Central Europe
to prepare troops for a matrch on
Budapest, who were told that, on
reaching that city they were expect
ed to place the Archduke ,Joseph on
the throne. The article warns the
allied governments, and tlhe British
government in particular. that these
attempts to foist members of discred
ited dynastic families upon people
wvho have had no voice in tlecting;
them will feed the serioUs interna
tional revolutionary agitation.
Unless the ultimatum tof the su
preme council to the Rullllliani gov
ernment is a piece of bhlff. intoildedd
to hide a secret policy v' hiihl is be
ing carried through, the allies appear
to have realized that their encourage
ment of Rumania has gonel too far,
and has led to more seriouts conse
puences than they anticipated.
But there is good reason to be
lieve that the Rumanians were act
ing at the instigation of thi allies in
their attack upon Hungary, and in
deed in occupying Budapest.
The overthrow of Bela Kun's gov
eminent was followed by the setting
up of a moderate socialist adminis
tration, but this had at very brief
existence, and it was succeeded by a
government under the Archiduke
Joseph, who admittedly are Ilth crea
tulres of the Rumanian army of oc
cupation. It remains to be seen
whether this reactionary gu verntent
will be recognized by the supreme
council in Paris, but at. present the
indications point to such a course be
READ THESE ENDORSEMENTS
Three Forks, Mont., July 31, '19.
Fellow workers on the Bulletin
Enclosed please find a little mite
to help a little on keeping the wage
slaves' banner afloat. I wish I could
make it 100 bucks or more, but
with no crop this year and only 63
bushels of wheat in the years of
1917 and 1918 it's hard sledding for
a dry land farmer. If the Bulletin
has to go down, put this little mite
in the defense fund for the two
brothers that were found guilty in
the capitalistic court in Helena that
was backed by the infamous "council
of pretense and expense" to the tax
payers of Montana.
HOW ABOUT THOSE PLEDGES?
Sam Ferrebee, President Meets Every Tuesday Night, 8 p. m. John Green, Secretary
Carpenters' Union Hall.
Silver Bow Trades and Labor Council
At the regular mceeting of the Silver Bow Trades and Labor assembly last night the
following conun uication was endorsed:
Butte, August 4, 1919.
To All Affiliated Unions:
The Silver Bow Trades and Labor council, realizing the magnificent fight being waged
by the Butte Daily Bulletin, which is the official organ of this body, for its existence,
against the combined opposition of big corporations and profiteering business men, and
thoroughly understanding that this paper is positively the only medium of publicity through
which labor unions are at liberty to express their side of any controversy that may arise
with the employing interests of this community, earnestly hopes that the paper may secure
the support which it so richly deserves.
That the persons in charge of this publication may be free to devote their entire time
and energies to the interests of the workers, instead of a greater or less portion of it in
securing funds to meet current expenses, is a very important thing, and with this idea
in view this council recommends to all affiliated unions and union men in general who
have the welfare of the labor movemen't at heart:
First, that all unions who feel so inclined agree to donate a stated sum per month,
no matter how small, and at once inform the Bulletin management of the action taken.
Second, that members of locals, individually, do likewise, if the organization to which
they belong does not feel that it cares to act in the matter.
One affiliated union has already agreed to pay $30 per month to the Bulletin, and, as
the deficit will not exceed $2,500 per month, there should be absolutely no reason why
the working men and women of Montana, after having established a daily in this city,
should be deprived of the privilege of having an organ which can and will refute any un
just statement, made by the corporation papers concerning them.
If 10,000 workers in this great state would assess themselves but 25 cents each, per
month, we would have a daily that the exploiting interests well might fear, and, as it is,
Butte is a cleaner city than for years. .... .
The Bulletin started the fight against the profiteers.
The Bulletin exposed crooked election methods.
The Bulletin was the direct cause of the public market.
The Bulletin made it possible to buy produce direct from farmers.
The Bulletin exposed and secured the conviction of a crooked chief of detectives, when
the corporation papers laughed at its efforts.
The Bulletin is fighting at all times the battle of the workers, and if its management is
willing to remain true to the cause of labor and suffer imprisonment and other forms of
persecution that the paper may perform the mission for which it was intended, the least
the laboring people of Montana can do is to furnish the sinews of war, which will be a
very small amount per capita when apportioned among the many.
The council suggests that you decide upon an amount that will in no way distress either
an individual or an organization, and then send in that sum promptly on the date agreed
In this way the question will be solved easily and as time rolls along we will more and
more understand that "the pen is mightier than the sword."
These statements shall be given to the Butte Daily Bulletin, under the signature of the
officers of this organization, with full permission to use them, within the limits set forth,
for the purpose of in any way assisting the future prosperity of the said Bulletin.
; I -' | Ib E I 3 WIW~!| Itrnf : SAM FERREBEE, President.,
(Seal.) JOHN GREEN, Secretary.
THE BUTTE DAILY BULLETIN,
101 S. Idaho Street, Butte, Montana,
• '- "O--u'l nl llrImnma~l a~mu aarm'u m m m •• h- , mumm. e1w , L nm mnl .. u r,,a .mnmnall 1;" l~ lm H
have refused to give their support to a
this government. c
The Hungarian revolution has
been admittedly unaccompanied by $
the Bloodshed and violence which are r
almost inseparable from revolution- $
ary changes. f
The Rumanian occupation of Hun
gary has been marked by serious and I
abominable outrages. Noel Buxton i
was in Budapest last week at the I
time the massacres were being per
petrated, and he vounches for the ac- t
curacy of the reports. In addition to I
the murder of unoffending citizens,
wholesale looting took place. Ru
manian troops, apparently encour
aged by their leaders, gave way to
unbridled license. The general rep
resenting the supreme council in
t'aris has been treated with the ut
most discourtesy by the representa
tives of the Rumanian government
Iand the Rumanian army are flagrant
ly defying the council.
The whole situation is full of com
plexities and mysteries, but one or
two things at least are clear:
The first is that the allied council,
which in the meantinme represents the
emlbryo league of nations, has no au
thority over the actions of the smnall
er allies. who pursue their policy
without any regard to their supposed
allies in the crusade to make the
world safe for democracy.
The second point which seems
clear is that the supreme council,
acting on behalf of the great .powers,
is determined to crush all demo
cratic governments and to restore
discredited dynasties which popular
risings have overthrown. - British
i AM AMASKING MIYSELF IS IT A1
IIDREAM, ORl IS IT A FACT?
When the bullk of our expedition
ary force was withdl;awn from
'France, tile value of the army sulp
i plies and military equipment. was
estimated at $1,000,000,000.
This sum does not include the iil
lion-dollar fire that was made out of
Now, can you either publish in
pamphlet form, or get published in
pamphlet form "The Reconquest of
America"? The state and the United
States ought to be thoroughly sali
vated with a pamphlet, "The Re
conquest of America." It would put
the gray matter in the cupolas at
work. I have had several cold stor
age plants read it and it warms them
up. Fraternally, A. D. P.
Whitefish, Mont., July 30, '19.
Butte Daily Bulletin,
Dear Sirs: Enclosed bherewitt
please find check for ($5.00) five
dollars, of which ($2.25) two dol
lars and twenty-five cents may apply
on a renewal of my subscription for
three months, and the remaining two
dollars and seventy-rive cents may
aut-omobiles, motor trucks and air
The' French government paid
$400,000,000 for the stuff that was
not destroyed, and thus we lost
$600,000,000 in the bargain and the
The $600,000,000 which the
French government got by the trade
is not even credited on our debt to
When the president weit to Eu
rope, leaving us all alone and feeling
lost, he carried a thousand or so la
dies and gentlemen who desired to
bask in the radiance of European
nobility and have a grandly gorge
ous time, at our expense.
These elegant dead-heads paid
$35,000 a month, for a house to. live
They were so exclusively aristo
-ratic that they took a great, big
hotel. just for the use of themselves.
And of course, the president had
to have another great, big palace, all
When lir. Thomas Jefferson lived
in Paris, as the minister from this
country, his house rent was $8,000
a year; but rents have gone up since
then, and democratic simplicity has
also gone up.
The wages paid to the French and
American servants in the hotel,
amounted to $153,000: French cooks,
chambermaids, etc., came high.
The food consumed by President
' Wilson's courtiers costs uits $144,
914.13, and they are still eating and
drinking at our expense.
They traveled around to see the
sights, and view the natives, and the
bill for that is $15,000.48--and they
will doubtless continue to travel
when the weather is good.
These elegant people at the Hotel
Crillon have to have stationery.
stamps, newspapers and "misceltane
- ous" expenses--we are out $40,000
i on that score.
- The peace commission was sup
s posed to carry a stack of American
lawyers with it, but I not ice that ex
- tra attorneys had to be hired in
f I Paris.
I go towards helping out the "free
Yours for a "free press," and
I trusting that you succeed in the
$5,000 drive, A. IH. L.
SKeep the good work going, you're
t waking up some of the "dead ele
Vancouver, B. C., Aug. 7, '19.
Butte Publishing Company, 101 S.
Idaho Street, Butte, Montana.
Dear Sir and brother: Enclosed
please find express money order to
the value of ten dollars ($10.00), a
donation from this branch of our as
sociation to assist you in your fight
- for existence.
y Copy of your paper was received
r here 0. K., and those members that
o perused the columns thereof were of
y the opinion that organized labor
There were "confidential- ex
penses" to the amount of $13,58ff18.
Confidential expenses of a peace
conference which was pledged to
This crowd of Wilsonian courtiers
bought automobiles, and charged
them up to you.
Thus far, the' rental' of the H'otel
Crillon reaches the sum of $350,b00,
and we are not told how much was
the rental of the sep]arate palace oc
cupied by our seryant, Wilson.
The president is asking congress to
appropriate $825,000 as quickly as
possible for 'the luxurious Hotel-Cril
lonites, whoie entire cost to the coun
try will be at least $2,000,000.h
Up until now, the. work that the
Crillonites have done, is not worth
the money.--Georgia Sentinel,.,
HAS THE SMALL SHOP
KEEPER GIVEN UP
TRYING TO BE A BIG
CAPITALIST? HE HAS.
AT LAST HE KNOWS
THAT HIS STORE IS
ONLY A SELLING
PLACE FOR THE
I TRUSTS. WHAT'S RE
DOING NOW? HE'S TRY
ING TO KEEP THE
WOLF FROM THE DOOR.
r Subscribe for the Bulletin. Don't
borrow your neighbor's.
should back you all possible.
We have just concluded a gen
eral strike or our contribution would
in all probability have been much
Trusting all appealed to are assist
ing you as much as lies within their
power and that the Butte Daily Bul
letin will continue to flourish, we are.
(Seal) LOCAL 38-52, I. L. A.
F. SHAFMAN, Secretary.
Southern Cross, Mont., Aug. 5, '19.
Butte Daily Bulletin, Butte, Mont.
Fellow workers: Enclosed please
find two $5 bills as a donation to
help in your fight for continuation
of the publication of the only decent
paper published in Montana.
Yours for industrial freedom,
A. AND S. G.