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I1'l1NGSTON - MONTANA
Wilson Suppressed Soviet's Offer
Of Peace on Allies' Terms-Buitt
From New- York Call.
THE TRUTH ABOUT IIRUSIA
The senate foreign relations
conlnission heard the truth about
lRussia yesterday fronl IWilliami ('.
BUillitt. Bullitt read his report to
the American peace (commsllllision.
on his trip through Russia. This
lreport, he said, has never been
given to the public because PIresi
dent Wilson wou1ld not permnl it .
"The destructive phase of thll
revolution is over and ill the
eneriegy of the governme(' int is
turnlied' to constructive Work," tlle
rleport said, in part. All power
of judgmnent has been taken away
firon the extr aolrdinalry colillis
sionl for suppression of the coulln
ter-revolution, lwhich now merely
accose" Suspected counter-revolu-
tionists. who are tried by regular,
"'lhxecutiolns arle extremlelyl, rl'a''.
(good orde'r has been established.
Th, streelts arel' safe. Shlootillntg
has ea:lsed. Thelre iarl'e few rob
bhe ies. Prostitution has disap
pear'ed fr'om snight. lFamiily life has
been unchanged by the revolutionl
-thie canlard in regard to 'na
tionalization of "womenl' notwith
WVashintgton. --- President Wilson
was sollely responsible for the decision
to keep the peace termls offered by
SOviet R1ussin last March a secret
front the peoples of the world, \Vil
liam C. Bullitt, special envoy to lius
sia from the American peace delegn
tion at Paris, told the senate foreign
relations commlnnittee today.
It was Woodrow Wilson, the iman
who proclaimed his sacred adherencee
to 11he principle of "pitiless puib
licity." the mian who told the world
that the treatnment accorded Rus.siad
would he "the acid test" of allied
sincerity; who alone prevelnted the
world from learning that the soviet
government was willing to recognize;
all its financial obligations, abstain
fromn any revolutionary or othler
plropaganda in foreign countries,
grant a complete amnesty to all itl
internal enemies, demobilize its
armies; and gladly permit the Rus
sian people to adopt any formn of
government they desired, Bullitt.a
Bullitt. who was chief of the di-;
vision of current intelligence for the.
United States peace commission.
quoted Secretary of State Lansing
as saying to him:
"if the senate understands and'
the American people iunderstand this
treaty, it will he defeated."
Lansing made the statement, Bul
litt said, May 19, 1919. and he (Bul-i
lil.t) prepared a full niemorandum of
their conversation imlnedia.tely there
aflier. He read the statement fromiii
this lnmemorandumn, which lie said
also contained this renlark by Lani
W\\ilson took this stand. mltoreover,
:iftler Premiier Lloyd (George of Eng
land had advised the widest possi-'
tile publicity for the soviet, peace
icrllns, after General Stmuts Iiud pro
Inoutced himiiself in favor of accept
ing them, after Colonel House, See
retlary of State Launsing and Genleral
tiiss of h1e Amlerican delegation had
ha"rlily inldorsed themln after Halfour
!lad gone on record in favor of the
teirms, and even aftier Premier Orf
lando oif Mlaly had expressed flihe be
lief lhat tie lerms oiffered Iby the
s.\'i't gIov rnment V'ot' cr-tii Ely
.atisfactioryl. Bullitt said.
The Iedstiniony sh ~wOd lluh t l'resi
dent \Wilson, more thnu a1,ny otlher
iman, is responllsible for Ithe( contill
ii ll l In llru .sill, for the perpelll tla
tion of he blockahde whereby thou
inds. o1f innlocet ll illies hiave died
from stirvationl, for the sickness a1nd
dis'ease whVliich ihave deci'alted ithe
p.pilulitioun of l nlation which saved
ilte allied clluse years before Presi
denit \Wilsonl decideld Ito ctiler the
vwarl, for the dealllths of hundreds of
.Ilinterican soldie'rs in anl illegal war
in sthort, tfor the whole ghllily seriesi
of (u1.tages which make iup the Rlus
Snuilln1iarized, the peace propeosalst
of the soiviet governlnlllllt lnbrought
back to Paris by Bullit from Moscow
tie end of last. M\larclh were as tol
1. The ide facto governlmintil
inll ower il the various secttiolns
of IRuissia at the time of the
signing of all armistice, wv hether
soviet or coullter-rei'olutionllay.
were to .I2remlain in collrol uintil
tI le eoples tlhemiselves deter
minled tlh: foi'rm of govel'rnmentIl
they desired. li other words.
self-det ermllinat ion.
2. Thle blockade of Russia
to he raised and no restrictions
to be plahced on the restoration
of internoational commerce into
and out of all parts of Russia.
3. 'l'lhe soviet gov l' llle lltent to
be allowed the use of all rail
ways and ports, in the formerl'
ttissian elmpirel' necessary for
the transpotrtation of food andi
miaterials into the inland Russia.
4. The citizens of the soviet
republic to have free right ,o
entry into allied countries and
vice versa, provided there was
not. on either Mide. interference
in the dolneslic politics of either
5. The soviet and other do
facto Russian governmlents to
give a general amnesty to all
,political opponents and prisoners
had by themn with full facilities
for reparation. All Russians who
have fought the soviets to be in
G. All allied troolps to be
withdrawn and pledges given
that no further military aid
would be given by the allies to
ountler - revolut ionary bodies.
The soviet government to de
mnobilize its armies in exact pro
portion as the invaders were
7. The financial obligations
of the former Russian empire (to
fr 'eign investors, both govern
tments and individuals, to be
scrupulously recognized, with
due regard to the inability of
the Russian government to set
tle all debts contracted by the
old regime overnight.
These principles for the restora
tion of peace between Russia and:
allied nations were signed by Techit-,
cherin and1 Litvinof, with the approv- p
al of tlhe .\ISCOW govern'llIent froLO
i, 1lline dowlv .
Sm111 as Allies' TermIs. IT
They practically coincided in all a
es. o11ý i lo with the te nll.. ca:ried to ;
31.-tuow ,by llil.t on beh.af of the b
11i ail ;a. nd A ilerlianl go ernll ents..
I li, i te i ater of iOlepaytett of allied
credtlc ,s met; i,'tlnt t[ult t er than either t]
('iu:uc.c .oliou of L.oytL George
li'e i i. h1I at1 d, tlllitt' 1 t1e 11 t: o.l y
rteject d. hnit were hidden front the
i:=.lon, who is now devo, ing his ,S
il,tillnence to iti lling the pecpI'c I Ithe
n,:rtl;hwest tnewspape! r 'reports alleg
ing thailt the bol.shovikl a11d their
s- ildier's, I
1.Bnllitt explained in detail the steps
leIding ulp t his mlissio1ll to Russia. Ci
He to!d threfailure of the Prinkipos d
conft'renlce proposal, mlade public i
onl .11n. 22. A prinlcipal reason for s'
ith failure of this conference, he
sa' . was that "the I'French foreign
office indicated to ])enikin and others
that if they would refuse the pro- t:
posal the Frenchl govl'rnllmelllt would 1
supl)or.t their attitude." r
Both the British and Americnn ii
delegations recognized. Bullitt said, a
that peace with Rusisia must he se- i
cut'red, land therefore, after the Prin- n
hipos co0nflrellnc had fallen throllghl,
Lloyd George and Colonel House ti
scheIduled a special meeting for Feb. II
24. at which it was pl'roposed to over- t,
rule Clemenciau by a majority vote ti
if he still refused to treat with the
soviet!s. On Feb. 19 C(lemlenceal was o
shot, the 1rnetling was called off and, c
instead. Bullilt was selected to go t
to Rtussia. Is
Colonel Hlouse's Termns to Soviets, '
ie took with him the following:
tennrms to the bolsheviki drawn up for
the American delegation by Colonel
1. That America would stop fight
ing in Russia if tolsheviki would also ia
2. ''hat America would endeavor s
lot get all the allies to take the sa1me ic
3. That lhe allied troops would 1
be withdrawn on a pledge that there t
wolld be no retaliation or countelr- ,
revolution biy tle bolsheviki. ,r
4. That economic relations would r
be resumed without favoritism to
any lRussian Iparty.
5. That t was not necessary, but
very desirable, to have a pledge from 0
thoe soviet goverinmL elt l that woiuld
stand by the liussian foreign debt.
Conditions given by Bull itt on be
halft of the Briit;isl governmtent tby,
Philip Kerr, confidential secretary Ito
ILloyd George, just before he left
Paris were similar. They provided
for the cessation of all hostilities;
the de facto governments to 10remain 1
in possession of territory occupied t
at the cess'ation of fighting; railroads.
and piorts to be illlternaltionalizedd ;
illiedtl subjects to have free right ll
entry; full amnlesty fto all political
plrisoners; recognitiotn of the soviet
11"mr1t1o reostoration oif trIade don-1
ditions; allied troops to be with-i
llldrawn, and11111 all debt ltquestilons to be
considered after the declaraltion of
......-. ...._ I
"L leiieno bii -'si i'. not e el i
--t's the Xi1 1()ll: ve do."
IF YOUR TEETH COULD
UNDOUBTEDLY ASK YOU
TO TAKE THEM TO THE
* Modern and Efficient
Every tay that you neglect
a bad ootl , l. he c(,ost of correct
ing is increasing---alld that is
no fault of ours.
It is your dtuty to this most
ilnlpor't" lll ol'ga of yoaur entire
body. your teeth, to give them
beyond e~very dtoubt are. I he
denlists that will correct your
teeth in a mIiannIer that will
SATI[NIY YOU AND
t1L isn't our namei that imakes
our work so fine----it's the un
disputed skill, workmtlanship
anlld lmaterials used \ithl every
WHY I NOT NOW?"
T'hird Hlor, Rialto IBuilding
and Ihe Sure It's the 3rd.
. .[ i
peace between Russia andl the world.
V'ilson 13urnell Relprt.
How closely the esoviet govern
ment followed these terms may be
teen by a comparison with the u1111- J
nary of the proposals aiought back
by Bullitt and kept secret by order
of President Wilson.
Bullitt told of his attempt to make
the soviet proposal public. as Lloyd
.eorge had suggested.
"I prepared a newspliapzir sulinlary
)f the proposals and my finding of
•ou'ditions in Russia," he said. 'No inl
-ember of the Amnerican conmmission tlu
,vas willing to take the responsibility int
.f making it public. t; was referred hk
u Pres dent Wilson and Ilic message de:
'anie back that he didn't want it l
made public at that time'." no1
He told of his fruiteess endeavors ed
to get a conference with the presi- y
ltent on his return frot Itussia, and Ch
hime almost unbelievable indifference set
shown by Mr. Wilscin.
Wilson's One Trlck Mind. sa'
"It was extremely difficult to geti d
the president's mind on this matter," Cal
Bullitt said. "'Col: Ilotuse made ar- ha
rangements for me to see him the -
iight after my return. When the nuc
appointed time calle arolUild I was th;
informed that the president could CIh
not see. me because 1il had a head- Al
ache. The day after ('ol. House it
told me that the president had said soi
lie had a one-track mind and was ch
too occupied with Germany to attend ,do
to Russia." tia
Bullit read to the coninittee parts fot
of his official report on Russia, in- lvi
cluding his strong recommendation
that the very moderate offer of the
soviet government for peace bo ac- lit
cepted as the only way to secure sta- f
ble conditions in Europe. the
Era of (Constrluction. lr
;n past his report, dated the end E€
of March, said: en
"The destructive phase of the rev
olution is over and all the energy of ac
the government is turned to con- ph
structive work. The terror has ist
ceased. All power of judgment has de
been, taken away from the extraordi
nary commission for suppression of se
the counter-revolution, which now to
merely accuses suspected counter- oh
revolutionaries who are tried by the of
regular established legal tribunals. eo
"Executions are extremely rare.
Good order has been established. fu
The streets are safe. Shooting has si
ceased. There are few robberies. in
Prostitution has disappeared from M
sight.. Faimily life has been un
c!ihanged by the revolution, the can
ard in regard to "nationalization of
"The theaters. operat and ballett
are .performing as in peace. Thou
,sands of new schools have been
opened in all parts of Russia, and
the soviet government seems to have
Idone more for the education of the
Russian people in a year and a half
than czardoin did in 50 years.
People Supportl Soviets.
"The soviet form of government
is firmly established. Perhaps the
most striking tact'in tRussia today is
the general support which is given
the government by the people in spite
of their starvation.
T'lneed. the people lay thet blame
Sfor their distress wholly on the block
jade anti on the governnlments which
naintai it. The soviet formi of gov
ernm'ent seems to have become to
ithe Russian people the symbol of
itheir revolution. Unquestionahly. it.
is a foeun of governlment which lends
itself oi gross abuse and tyranny,
but it meets the demands of the mo
Iment ill Russia. and it has acquired
so grnit a hold on the imagination
iof the cotmmon people that the wom
Sen are ready to starve and the youhg
men to die for it."
Lenine Stanilds to )tighlt.
LI,'ine stated that no real peace
can be established in Europe or the
world until peace is made with the
(RInssan) revolution. The proposal
of tihe: soviet government presents an
oplfor unity to make peace with the
revoltionll on a just and reasonable
basis---perhaps a unique opportunity.
Itf he blockade is lifted and sup
plies iegin to be delivered regularly
to soxvit Russia, a more powerful
hold )vor the Russian people will be
esiahished than that given by the
bIloclkde itself--the hold given by
fear that this delivery of supplies
may ie stopped. Furthermore, the
pairt's which oppose the Conumun
ists in principle, but are supporting
thien at present, will be able to be
gin to fight against them.
April 11t was the date set by which
tlihe allied governments should reply
to ihe Russian proposals. Nothing
wa, done. On May 17 Bullitt re
sigied. sending the president the
fanous letter in which he told MIr.
\Vlson that he was "one of millions
wlo had believed implicitly in your -
lo dership ," and predicted nothing
bit further war and turmoil out of
th Pari' peaice and the infamous
leigue of nations proposal attachedI
nani.ing Opposed Treaty.
May 1?. fBullitt said. Lansing sent
fir hillt, in the course of their con
,orsationl he made the statements.
Lansing. he said, also declared his
telief t hat under the covenant, as
(rafted. the great powers simply got
vhat titey wanted for thenmselves and
vould nI\ver cousent to later changes
,esigned toi benefit weaker nations.
"Hut I wonder if they will under
itand what it lets us in for. It is
nvy p'irsonI.l opinion that Senator
RKnox probably will really undlerstand
it, and that Senator Lodge will, but
Iodgl 's position is purely political.
Senator Knox might instruct the
(Senllator Knox. forminer secretary
of state, has announced hiimself in!
favor of rejecting the treaty andi de-o
claring peace with Germanoy eslabo
lisit ed !
Thli sensational revelation was
brought out by Senator Lodge with
a chianllilce question, after helit- had al
ready called the hearing closed. It
caused ano uproar in the colllnlitotee
roini partly of amusement at Lodge's
cxpellnse. When Bullitt then askedi
to tbe excused from repeating any
ltinta further from his memorandutm.
aay-in.: it was mostly personal, relat
ing tio his own resignation from the
Olllllilssion, his request was com
Tool Wilsou at His Word.
Asked concerning the peace to-i- 4
Jury Decides Lynch Died
From Wounds Inflicted
by Person or Persons Un
The jury sitting at the coroner's
inquest yesterday afternoon decided
that John Lynch died from injuries
inflicted by a person or persons un
known. No facts relating to hit
death or the drowning of Clough
came out at the inquest which have
not already been repeatedly publish
ed, except that the evidence offered
by William E. Johns indicated that
Clough did not commit suicide until
several days after the murder,
Johns testified that his brother
saw Harry Clough three or foul
days after the day when Lynch and
Clough disappeared from their usua
haunts and the sight of their friend,
-the day that Lynch supposedl3
met his death. John's also testified
that on the day his brother saw
Clough, a little girl named Susie Mec
Auliffe, discovered that someone wal
in the Clough house. The girl took
some scraps over to the Clougi
chickens and observed that the. win
,d(lows were all shut. A few minute,
later she went back with some watei
for the chickens and noticed that thf
windows were open. This, accordini
terence's disposition of Egypt, Bul
litt said Egypt never had been be
fore the peace conference., explainini
that President Wilson had recognizes
Great. Britain's protectorate over
Egypt independently of the confer
The president, he said, took th(
action because the British were comn
plaining that the Egyptian national
ists were using his 14 points in theii
demand for independence.
Sir William Wiseman, who pre
sented the matter to the president
told him, Bullitt said, that he ha(
obtained thie president's recognitiom
of the protectorate "before lunch
Asked by Senator Lodge what hii
future plans were. Bullitt rubbed hiii
sun-pealed nose and said he was go
ing to resume his fishing up ii
SBAIL IS WANTED
WITHOUT FOR THE
MEN WHO ARE IN
Hundreds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country
because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims
of the world-wide class war are awating trial-and have been waiting
for many weary months for the speedy trial guaranteed them by the
United States Constitution. Others were tried and sentenced to terms
ranging from one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria,
and appeals in their cases are now being taken from King Capital drunk
to King Capital sober.
Some of the prisoners have escaped by death, others are dying, many
have contracted tuberculosis and other loathsome diseases, and all are
suflfering un told agony from close confinement in the fetid atmosphere,
t'rom insanitary and unhealthy surroundings, from poor and insufficient
food, and from inhuman treatment accorded them by brutalized'guards.
Past attempts to secure bail for all of these workers in jail have not
been attended with great success because of, the lack of system. In
divid nals sought to secure bail for their person'il friends, and failing to
get the necessary amount they returned what had been collected, thus
making their entire efforts fruitless. This was the condition facing tihe
delegates from all the western district organizations of the Industrial
W\orkers of the World when they met in conference on July 3 and 4 in
Seat tle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing mean's
A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of
collecting bail and a nation-wide drive has been started to secure the
loan of cash, Liberty Bonds and property sufficient to gain the release
of all class war prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou
sand )Dollars were raised in the first five days. More than Two Hun
dred Tfholusand l)ollars are needed to release those now being held for
their Labor activity.
SSums of Five Dollars and uip are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib
erty Hoiids or property is tabulated in triplicate, one copy going to the
person making the loan, another being retained by the Bail and Bond
Commrittee, and tlhe'third being filed with the Trades Union Savings
and Loan Association of Seattle, with whom all funds, bonds and prop
erty schedules will be banked.
Only those who have been proved loyal and trustworthy are being
scnt out as collectors. Everything possible has been done to safeguard
this bail and bond fund, from the selection of the committee to the
choice of the bank. A ptortion of the fund is being set aside to return
loans on demand in case persons who have made them are forced to
leave the counrtry or have other reasons for making a withdrawal.
Bail will be used to release specified persons where that is desired,
but otherwise the he release will take place by a blind drawing of names,
thus inisnrimng fairness to all prisoners. By common consent the men
in Wichita, Kansas. jail will first be released, as they have been held
the longest and jail conditions are worse there than anywhere else in
the entire country. This hail has inearly all been subscribed, and the
uten will be made accredited collectors when released, and their speedy
release will help to set others at liberty.
No necessity exists for argument. Your duty is clear. If your ears
are not deaf to a call from your class. if you feel that an injury to one
is an injury to all, if there bulirns within you the faintest spark of human
ity, you will see that the men do not remain behind the bars an un
necessary minute because you withheld your support.
THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOUI
ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM?
Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Engdahl, Secretary of Ball
and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle.
Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph S. Pierce,
Room 607 Central Building, Seattle.
Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., A. S. Embree, Bond and Rail
SAYj-~! HOUU ,
s l /D 'SA GET f
l °°°17 SOL)THhMA4
WI STESiM HEATED ROOM'S I'N C©ONECT4OC'9-'a
to Johns, would show that four days
L after the murder, Harry Clough re
- visited the scene of his crime-fol
lowing the proverbial impulse of
r murderers. Presumably he opened
the windows when there, in order to
> air the house.
It is thought that Clough went to
- the lake after this visit and drowned
r This theory as to the time of
1 Clough's suicide is borne out by the
condition of Clough's body when it
- was recovered from the water. At
that time officers and physicians
thought that the man had been dead
about three days. It was only after
the disappearance of the two men
had been established as dating from
Sept. 15, that the body took on the
- appearance of having been in the wa
. ter for a period of nine days.
1 The last time Lynch was seen
Ilalive by his friends was the evening
- of Sept. 15, when he attended a meet
ing of the Plumbers' union, of which
lie was a member. The evening of
a the next day Lynch's sister, Mrs.
- Stroebuck, visited his house and
i found flobody home. She left her
ca;rd and some manil on the hnack
F porch and went away. A week lat
e- -r she made another visit and found
1- the card and mail undisturbed. It
)f was then that she started an investi
d gation. It was at the insistence of
.o he three sisters of Lynch, hMrs.
Stroebuck, Mrs. Hilkey and AMrs.
o Clifford and Alderman Austin that
,d he officers undertook the search of
Clough's house which resulted in un
.- overing the crime.
t RAFISH BROS.
d 83 E. PARK ST.
Ir| TAILORS FOR MEN
in Fine Suits to Order.
n1' Extra fine line of uncalled
le for suits.
ig THE SHAMROCK CAFE
t North Arizona Street
of We treat you right, and feed
Is. you well.
Id CLEAN AND SANITARY
er f;r,, w"hitb TTiln limnlnvad.