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rugu i V mU.
Issae Every Evaaiag, Exept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
Eatered as Seconmd-lass Matter, Desember 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana
Under Aet of March 8, 1879.
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THURSDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1919.
Come down to the Bulletin office and sign
a monthly pledge :: :.:
Auithenticated reports so far show that inl the strike of the
steel workers for dec'ent working conditions and the right to
organize 15 workmen have been muitdered and 36 have beeni
seriously wonllded. ()f the vast niumber of unreported eases
of violemce and ana.uthentiecated ins laices, we have no definite
informatiol , but we know that the system with its gunmen and
its thugs ani its acqluiescenit public officials. have hesitatced at
11o crime, even murder itself, ill order to serve the master's in
terest. Peaceable meetings have been brokeni up, law-abidi gi
workers have been lthrown in jail: their homes have been i -
vaded and their wives ani] sisters insulted by the brutal and
corrupt minions of the law, whose duty it, is to afford them pro
tection. And what, redr'ess do the constituted authllorities offer
for these outrages? A steel trust judge on the federal bench
at Philadelphia. one Buff'ington. encourages further outrages
by denouncing the vic timrs as dangerous domestic enemies; and
a system congressman by the 1name of Kahn, proposes to con
gress and the attorney general that the government aid timhe
conspiracy against the workers by ch(arging Foster, one of the
victims of the ou1trages. with murders commniIled upon his fel
low workers. Further than this the outrages are ignored by
officialdom. No hope of redress is heldl out. Even that tract
able tool of the old regime. Sam (;ompers, was compelled to
admit under oath before tlie senate investigating committee
that there is n1o hope-of prosecution 1 fr these murders inflicted
Are the workers withoult redress? Mu1ist they sulbmii forever
to violence and ilistilt? Are they sheep that they can lie forever
driven to the shambles, aml do nothing lllut blealt? We tllinki
the way is clear. The action of the P1c iiisylvaxnia costabulary
is a challenge to the vworkers to) provide their own self'-protec
tion, andiicl it should be aceepted. Free lllel in all countries anid
ill all ages lave maintained their' freedom by their olwn coulr
age. In every coluntry tihat pretends to be free, the citizens are
invited and encouraged to keep and bear arms. It is only in
the lands of the oppressed, like Ire'lanlld and in India, that the
possession of' arsllll is a crime. I America te right to keep
and bear anus has beer guaranteelt froom the beginning ill lhe
fundclmelital latw. Necessity requires the exercise of this righlt.
We suggest to the executive comnmi ttee of the steel strik
ers that they call uponi every uioll ma1 to obtaitin for hiimself
a Springf'ield rifle and 1 .000) rounds of u io auullticili and that
when the \\orkers turn (llt in pileealccle assemblages, they turn
out pirepared to protect tlihemselves ag ainst ullulirderous assaults.
Inl stuch mannerl they wouldhi inspire respect and deferelnce in tlhe
assassins of hlie steel Irust. W\e connied Ilhe serious c'..nsidl
eration of this proposition ti.o laboers and labor leaders ever'y
GEOGRAPHY IN OUR SCHOOLS.
Butte's educational system is touted a.s the finesi in the'
state. The school board ad1muits thlit it. is: the principals alld
the superintenldentl admit that it. is, and pierfl'orce, we must Itnke
their word for it. aid, too, believe hIlnt it is. Hlowever, there
are s(ime things hat u havmerecently (ou1e to our notice which
leads its to believe Ithat Whe system is ot so Ioi'ugh g or so
excellent as it w\\iil(t seem.
For instaluce: The other day we halppelled to looik over lhe
school geographly in use in ollr lprimary schools. The book was
published in 1915,. and, as every'one knows, there have beetl
great changes ii the 'world's geograplhiclt divisions since then.
Andl, what is more. every indication points to other changes inl
the near future.
This geogralphy to which \\-e refer might have been an ex
cellent work ill 19 15, but, a, a text, book on which the groulltd
work of our children's knIlowledge of tile political divisions of
the earth today is toI lie baseid, it is a stark failure. incorrect,
misleading aul tunitrutl'iful. alind worse than lill iothing.
For instance: lu a casual Il' rlsal of thte Iook's pages. we fiil
this paragraph in one of' the lessons of this xweek on the sub
ject of 'Austria- Hungary:
This empire is larger thll any other country in Europ)e
exceplt Ilussia: yet it is lilt so large as oulr slate of' Texas.
Is is made uiip i' two main parts: Austria, oil the west,
w\\here matll of the people are of' the sante race as the
Germanus. and where (ermatuI is Ilie principal language:
and tHluigary. where entirely diffeent languages are
spokenl, and where the people are of very different races,
sollme having come fromC Asia.
The book, tc,o. gives Francis i Joselph I. as tihe ruler of tIhe
dual empire, although Franiicis ,osepu) has gone, been succeed
ed and again succeeded.
In the cha)ter ol Ruissia ( liurlopealn) w h1;cih also was one
of' the lessons t'ir this week. we find:
One leason why all the ildusltriei s t' iuissia. iiicluding
maniufactulri g, are \'ery b.ackw\rli, i thle conditiono of
thile people. Unti a few yearsi ago, this great mass ,of1' the
comnmi:in peop)le or' peJasanlts. \\ere really slaves. lhese
peasants, called serf's. had hiardly any education, and wrcre
treated much as dogs anld horses are treated.
All of which, of' course, is per'fectly t'ue: but next we find:
The serf's have now beein f'Ireed, but ale still very ignlor
anlt and are not allowed to, tlake aiin real part inll the gov
ernment. Few of them can read or write, and few kiiow
what other people in the worli are doing. Such people
lack the knowledge and ability necessairy f' r nmnuctre -
ing and otther industries.
Union Stock Holders in the
BUTTE DAIL Y BULLETIIA
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston, Great Falls.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS UNION-Great Falls.
i SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte, Bozeman, Helena, Seattle.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte, Portland.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte, and
STEAM ANI) OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDERS' UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
PLUMBERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
i BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
LODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS UNION-Butte.
PAINTERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
CARPENTERS' UNION NO. 1335-Seattle.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIPBUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
-Tocamo, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle.
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINIST HELPERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD OF RAILWAY TRAINMEN, NO. 580, BUTTE.
CARPENTERS' LOCAL UNION, NO. 1172Billings, Montana.
TEAMSTERS' UNION-Local 135, Billings, Mont.
BROTHERHOOD CARPENTERS AND JOINERS-Local 1172; Bill
MILLMEN'S UNION-Seattle, Wash.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA.
I BAKERIY and CONFECTIONERY WORKERS-Local Union 274
INTERNATIONAL HODCARRIERS-L.ocal No. 98, Billings, Mont.
Perhaps it is possible that our school authorities have never
heard of Ilhe overthrow of the ezaristic government and the es
tablishmnclt of the people's soviet. Perhaps, also, they are un- E
aware that while Russia was steeped in ignorance under the at
rule of the czar. earnest efforts toward educating the masses
are tunder way and that the Russians, with their natlural apti- 10
tudoe for imbibing knowledge. are fast learning, riot only to read W
arid write, but also to handle industries. The same chapter,
we might also add, gives Czar Nicholas as the ruler of all thie to
In the chaplllter devotled to the British Isles, whllich has al
ready been studied alid presumably memorized by lthe scholars pi
this semester. were we active menlmbers of the Sinn Fein, we
w, it cii l airily believe that tlhe subjecl. ma tter was written ex- ti
pressly for the purpose i' fturthlieririg lritishr propaganda. li a
f'el. tlie entire chapter is devoted to implfressing the minds of; n
its child rcalers with thile fact that Enlgland is "so truly our '
riot.her coutntry"' alnd to a glorificatio of the British empire.
For iinslia ce. the openinig paragraph. uiier the sub-lheading:
'Why Most T'ruly Our Mothter Country," states: ti
Fro.n these two islands we have attained our English pi
lanlguage, and from them, too, a larger number of settlers ti
have tlome to our shores lthtit frol any other country in t
the w'"ilif ti
\Vhile. Itherefore. many of the I.European colunttries have p.
somne claim to be called Ie lother countries to us--sintce
Ihey thve sentl so, many settlers here--the United Kintg- U
Iduo is it tf truly .' all our M)TIIHERI COUNTRY.
(TIle capitals are Ithose of the author of the geography.) .
Aecnfmpirtlyintg thIe cthaplter is a dilagr'ammnatic figure show
ing by colmparnisoti the mitber of ,etllfers sent to the United
S ates tront thie vario.is Countries. The diagram shows that
the termnalrs lead. with the Irish a iclose second. Then come
Ihe lritish. Cana lians. Scandinavia its and Slavs in about equal
numbers, eucha al iproxinately hall' (t' Ithat representli g the
Auitl. hei paragralph oul the IritliIh Isles reads at the start :
'lhere are. of' cotirse, excellent ir iasons why so snall a u
t couintr.v should have become so importautl.
Some wag. prnobably a chlild who onet used the book. had
-written in petcil nacross the top of this paragraph: "More
(apitial."' lirt, beltraying all excellent understanding of worlid
Spolities as it fflects Englandl.
There is also a chapter on the German empire, which, of
courise, is as f'r ttout of date now as are those devoted to Ruts
sia aid Ausis lia-Hungary. This particuLlar chapter cites W'il
h- ielm as thc (ermant emnperor.
In behalfr ,f' the school aultrities-- or perlhaps, due to IIe h
irtelligelle of' thie teacher---we must state that the child who
possesses thei geography fri'm which our notes were taken, slat
ed that the teacher had said ntir to boithl about the names of I
lirte rulers. lint tile fact remains that Ithe Leacliers, under the di- I
recition of the higher school autholrities, are requiring the
iplils to memorize the facts relative tol geography of European I
comoities. whiicli. while true in 1, t 15, are untrue today. I
Antid what is thle reason for filling the minds of the children,
at their most imptressionable age. with ia mass of bunk that is
in.correct and misleading, and then. laitier when the children's I
e minds are filled wit h this bunk. requiring them to unlearni w\hat
they altready have been schooled ili?
eltter by far' it \\ould J.le, according to our notion, to teach i
the clhildren the geopgrat.phly of the countries Ihat have not been
afTe'led by the w\\ordl war and the momentous events w\\ich
have followed and are in progress todilay. and to shun studies of I
the affected nations until after peace finally is accomplished I
and the world has settled down to the every day humdrrm of
amity. Or, Ifor advanced scholars. unbiased news reports anl
offir.ial rep!orts of the various cotmutries could be substituted *
for thle ordinary rigamarole.
It i- Itrue tlhat any gegr'alphy illlisied loday wouul of ne-0
cessity probably be intor'ec't tonimtriw, but to our mind no I
geographyt al allis better than geography of Ithe kind that is be- I
intg taught in our tulle schorols today.
o ~ Fall Fashion Notes
r9LETS . EEeQTI
r~~I AN E60-TWO
r Ail °OuNCES OF BUTTER
Q$LI Ag OTUNCES Of
29I' /SUGAR -
APA* Ae /4
5AQute WI/I 7 - STRAIGHT
04'a p/ " LIlES 'r~e
/ PiJRJE / *-LLsm' soMe7ne
h'ave to 6e
A MARKET BASKETS
?7ie FALL CHECKS
OVERC OAT wil/ bP
V,// have e /fdr9er
Moles 1%sa i:L
a9tmo5A6t--- l ~ ,-
,Iy~g , b~ ti
Thir column is conducted for
and 'ritten by Bulletin readers. h
If you have any suggestions to of u.
ter for the betterment of condi- bi
tions in which the public in inter- t3
ested, the Bulletin offers you this Ic
opportunity for their expression it
and interchange of comment with n,
your neighbors and friends. ai
Properly to protect this Open o]
Forum, all communications must
be signed with the name and ad- so
dress of the writer, but anony- tU
mous signatures will be used in
the column if requested. Address 01
all communications to the editor tl
of the Bulletin and please be brief al
and to the point. si
"SCAB" DOESN'T SOUND NICE. D
A memer of the American Feder
ation of Labor at Oatman, Arizona,
came through with something really
original at the meeting held in the E
local theater the day after the strike
was called by the mass meeting of ft
The meeting at the theater was 09
presided over by the president of the la
local union of the American Federa- ei
tion of Labor, and every action taken o:
smacked of prearrangement between ;t
company and union officials. Com- t(
pany gunmen and stool-pigeons, who
were members of the Federation, bh
went from door to door and invited ci
the business men and their clerks. C
and the riff-raff and undesirables, ic
the tin-horns and parasites to the tl
meeting, but I did not find a miner s
who was invited, although quite a d
The first speaker was Mr. A. C o
Cooling, an ex-financial secretary of
the federation. Mr6. Cooling at the
time was after a political plum. the
postoffice, and here was a grand on- b
portunity to make himself solid with h
the powers that be by opposing the It
strike. Mr. Cooling admitted that
there was a strike on, but insisted H
that it was not called by responsible a
parties. Then he stated that the e
parties. Then he stated that the I eting board, which will be known bulent sixteenth cent ury.
I NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS I
" Subscription Rates Are Going Up
TO KEEP THE BULLETIN UP
For the purpose of helping to maintain The
dl a For the purpose of helping to make The Daily *
Bulletin independent of advertising;
f'* a For the purpose of having the subscribers bear a
- ! a portion of the deficit under which The Bulletin
e For the purpose of continuing to fight for the
_I people who toil;
it 3I For the purpose of increasing the effectiveness
- * of The Daily Bulletin.
n * Subscribers to The Daily Bulletin on and
after Oct. 1, 1919, will be asked to pay the 3
* following rates: "
i I One Month . . . . $1.00 *
°t Three Months . . . . 2.75 *.
I Six Months . . . . . 5.00
al One Year . . . . . 9.50
f The inauguration of the above rates on Oct. 1 will not affect subscriptions
jd , which have been paid in advance beyond that date at the old rate.
*l As The Daily Bulletin is conducted for the sole purpose of serving the peo
dj ple, and not for the benefit of those who exploit the people, the management I
i feels sure that all the present supporters of this FREE PRESS will readily I
3 recognize the necessity for the increase in the subscription rates and continue
I their support. "
0. .THE BULLETIN STAFF.
object of the meeting was to get the I
responsible people of the camp to- I
gether and call a strike against a I
Now no strikebreaker ever calls i
himself a scab. He is working on an I
unfair job because he is a patriot, or I
because he believes in personal liber
ty and will not be dictated to by a 1
lot of union officials. But Mr. Cool
ing wished to give his scabbery a
new dignity; it was to be a strike
against a strike. Something really
So, now boys, don't call them
scabs again. Be dignified. Call
them strikers against a strike.
And just one other choice morcel
of gossip: Two of the officials of
the federation went to the sheriff
after the meeting and asked permis
sion to pack guns. They were Mr.
Harry Simmons, president, and Mr.
Dan Smith, recording secretary.
F. A. MARTIN,
Sept. 27, 1919.
WHY, HERE'S SANDY!
e Editor Butte Bulletin:
e Is there any significance in the
f fact' that A. R. Currie (Sandy). late
of Butte (?)., now of Seattle, ban
s queted with the Butte Rotary club
e last week and that Lieutenant Gov- a
- ernor McDowell, addressed the club
n on the H. C. L. and told how the
a ,tate marketing board intended (not)
o Mr. Currie is pleasantly remem
h bered by his friends, the chamber of i
d commeice, Rotary club, County
Council of Pretense, etc.. as the t
leader of all patriotic pIarades during
e the late war, the chief flag-waver.
r successful profiteer, thirty-second
a degree patrioteer. Mr. Currie met
outgoing trains bearing soldier boys
to points of debarkation. He gave
them the glad hand and bade them
e "goodbye and good luck, laddie
boy," while he remained safely at
h home t.na took care of the hen that
e laid the golden egg.
,t Governor McDowell told the
d Rotary club what they already knew ,
e about the newly-fornmed state mark-
e sting board, which will be known I
e hereafter as the state market ma
- nipulating board. The reason the
a Rotary club knows all about the
manipulating board is because their
s members lobbied at the last legis
1 lative assembly-together with the
r Empl )yers' association-for the for
mation of such a board--the mem
hers of which board they have since
named. The Employers' association
in a recent circular to its members
congratulated them on the selection
if the members of the manipulating
The bill creating this board was
enacted-so the bill reads-as an
1 mergency measure necessary for the
immediate preservation of the pub
lic peace and safety.
FAMOUS WOMEN I
Like the wing of a dove across a
red battlefield of horrid curses, the
form of Vittoria Colonna, noble
Roman lady, glides across the terri
ble horizon of Lucretia Borgia. The
two. Lucretia and Vittoria, had the
jame environment of civic and social
life in Rome. The one drank lust
and corruption; the other, pure
drops of heaven. It was the era of
2 Michael Angelo. The rising yonnne
genius in Rome was painting the
portrait of Vittoria Colonna. The
- portrait is like a nun at Vespers.
f Vittoria Colonna was of the distin
y guish'd Roman family of great an
P tiquity, the "Colonna." She was a
woman of brilliant parts, a poet and
scholar. Married at nineteen to the
1 Duke of Aratus, after his death on
t the battlefield in the Franco-Italian
wars, she remained a widow the rest
e of her life. Her poems. "Iime
SSpirituali," have great charm. It
e was 'uring her stay in Rome that
t she formed the passionate attach
t ment to 1Michael Angelo that inspired
many of the great sculptor's sonnets
e and verses. She died at the Convent
v of San Silvestro, her soul like a sil
- Ir dove winging away from the tur
i bulent sixteenth century.