Newspaper Page Text
Comrade Jawn McIntosh Preaches lawss HatredJ
Disguised under the new title of the Associated
Industries of Montana, the Employers' association is
functioning splendidly in its great and noble work of
pr.ov iding a livelihood for Mr. John Mclit osh.
Always progressive, a firm believer in the value of
publicity, although at times somewhat careless in his
methods. Mr. Mclntosh is now issuing from time to
time to the associated industrialists a digest of indus
trial and political events, enlivened with certain spicy
additions of his own invention that show either a de
plorable ignorance of material facts or a shocking dis
regard for the truth.
His messages. as lie calls them. imake very inter
esting reading for a sludeiit of the mental pathology
of the uhiquitlous tribe of Iruiicklers to Mamulonll; one
is forced to conclude that if truth is found at the hot
tom of a well, Mr. M(llntosh has a deep-sealed horror
of underground places.
We have been favored with a copy (of comrade Mc
Inlosh's latest "message" to thie failllf l: it was pre
sented( to us by a gentleman w\\hi for obvious reasons
wishes his name withheld, and for the benefit of out
thousands of readers we publish sonic of the salient
features of John'is latest effort toward making the
w\orld sa fe t(or democracy. with cnmment where neees
In his latest effusion. J ohn has taken the precaution
to say-in small type--that "responsibility for com
ment in these Bulletins is assumed by the nmanager
alone and is not to he taken as the expressioln of the
associntion unless it is distinctly stated that the ex
cci liv\e committee has authorized and dir'ected it."
It would appear that some of Johni's previous dis
serlations had cause some embarassment to his ultra
respectable clientele when given to the unfeeling pub
lie through our cotunns md that tt the bueck was pas ed
to John: hence the precaution.
In the first paragr.aph of his heartening "message,'
the modest McIntosh compliments himself on the mas
terly manner in which the last message was compiled,
nats himself on the back, throws hoiuqueis at hinmself,
Iasaas B.ery Zvaiag, Elaept Nouday. by THE BULLETTN PUBIdBKING 00.
eatetse a 5eead-Class Matter Desaeber 18 1917, at the Postolce at Beite. Meatans
aoder Act of March 8. 1879.
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MONDAY, OCTOBIIE 27, 191 9.
Come down to the Bulletin office and sign
a monthly pledge :-::-: :-:
WIL`~N AND THE COAL MINERS.
We are inclined it wonder concerning the thoughts en
gendered in the minids of those one-tinte active supporters of'
the \\ilsoun adminisltration, those labor leaders who so enlthusi
astically sillpporitel the great democ.rat in his every move, by
his latest. pronomlcemetnt against the proposed strike of the
'There are somethinng like 400.110(0 memibers of the I'niited
Mine Workers of America; the occulpalion in which these men
are engaged is of an extremely hazardoºrts nature; disasters in
tihe coal industry, wiping out the wo\\rkers by the dozens, are
of freqlientI occurrelene.
During the war period. the miners were speeded up aits never
before: with the coal-mining indlstlry sufferingy , frc m a short
age of labor,. caused by the induction of 715.006i melmbers of the
Miners union into the army, one billion tons of coal were
produced in the years 1917-1918 , lhe largest prodntcion inl
the history of the industry: 600,000. tonis were coinsumed at
home and 400,000 tons exported.
Ti'e coal operators made more morney than ever before:
tlieir profits, like the profits of every other war industry, were
Cheapness of productlion in the coal idulstry of the United
States has resulted in our displaeing British coal in the Scan
The coal operators claimlot hat the industry will be ruined if
the miners' deinands are granted, if Ithe six-hour day is placed
iufborce, yet so wide is the margIin of production cost between
the United States and its competitors that even the introdac
lion of the six-hour day and tIhe granting of a 610 per cent in
crease would still leave the A\merican operator in a position to
meet foreign competition.
Tihe owners of the coal mines are a small, a very small
grioup; they mine no coal, nor do they cantrlibute anythiig to
President Wilson, with that fa'ully he possesses of neglect
ing to see anyithiJeg hiit one side of a ease, has apparently not
considered tIhe questjon of forcing the operators to grant the
miners' demands, although he stands ready to "use all the
powvers of the goverrmtinI to continue production,"n meaning
that.it is the 400,000 toilers against whom he intends to use
for .e: . .
To iPresident \Vilson, in common with olther representatives
of bdlieivers,in the system of wage-slavery. right means but one
thiig:'the right of the employer to continue to exploit and his
iigihl to have the armed forces of capitalist government placed
congraittlates and praises John Mclitgsh, mentions the
high regard iP which he is held, and, in general, dis
ports himself in the manner of one who has a good
ljob and intends to hold it if boosting his own game
will do it.
It's all right with us. We all have .to eat, and if
Comnrade lcntlosh got cained we would lose an un
failing source of amusement.
After adlmitting that lie is just about the best little
inanaget liht a kind Providence ever placed at the dis
posal of any organizationi, John gets quite nasty with
the Bulletin in the following fashion:.
Highest Compliment From the I. W. W.
Possibly the highes.t compliment paid, however, is
the snarling criticism of our effortlt s expressed in
that oTficiatl organI of liscontent, class-hatret d and de
structinor---ti lhe 1. V. t. Butte Bulletin. Work that
displeases the Bulletin must, of necessity, he of a con
structiv\ e nat1ure.
Needless to say, we are surprised and pained; we
have tried to be friendly and thought that we were
doing Comrade Mclntosh a favor by giving such pub
licity a; we could to his intensive campaign for a better
On the whole. we rather resent the phrase, "snarl
ing criticism," because, outside of one or two occa
sions, when we didn't know John as well as we do
now. and thought he might develop into a real menace
to the workers' interest, we have always struggled to
maintain an attitude of kindly criticism with the hope
that ,iur fellow citizen would gradually overcome some
of his more glaring faults and weaknesses.
There is no gratitude in the human heart; neverthe
less, we shall continue our well-meant efforts, though
our111 own hearts are heavy.
We call the attention of housewives generally, and
to wives of working men in particular, to the next por
tion of John's message to the profiteering fraternity.
Trade Commission Confers With Business Men on
the New Law.
Recognizing the Associated Industries of Montana
as the representative organization of business men in
Iat hi.s d(Isposal wh\\'e, Ilis private methlos of coercioLn Iail.
We hope that the thinking that must he being done by the
officials of the United Mine Workers will lead them to the con
elusion that the ingratitude of Wilson to the men who rendered
him such sterling service in h:s day of trial, is simply the re
sult of his being the representative of a class whose interests
are at all times opposed to the interest of the workers, whether
they are miners, rnilwaymen, or slaves of the steel trust.
A STARTLING DISCOVERY.
There is no use talking, it is impossible to conceal anything
from these army intelligence officers.
Lieutenant \Vau l'uren, employed in this branch of the serv
ice. told a senate committee that he had discovered that efforts
had been made for a nation,-wide strike to free political pris
Surely there is some decoration that can be conferred upon!
this remarkalde young man for the splendid seivice he has
rendered the nation.
Without his epoch-makitng discovery, it is probable that not'
more than 98,000.000 residents. of America would have kngwnv
\Withol t knolwinig exactly how the evidence of the attemlit
I, ('all a general strike t, free political prisoners came into the
Sossession of this young gentleman who. puts Sherlock Holmes
il the shade for all time., we :suspect that at great personal
risk he succeeded in getting into one of those secret meetings
of thle conspirators, such as the once recently held in the Arena
ini Seattle. attended by about 5,000 people.
It is the impossibility of conducting anty of these sinister
plots without their coning to the notice of the million or so
c secrel service operatives that makes the agitators so cauttious.
d We hope the government will (do something in recognition
(of the sterling services of this young wizard. Lieutenant Van
\ Afer a tman is dead, charity bids us to pass lightly over his
, faults. IBut the death :of \Villinm Waldorf Astor brings back
e In newspa er mention again a man who disgraced two coun
tries. lie insulted Ameica., bhy renouncing citizenship, and
It with nothing to recommend him but the millions wrung from
.the people of America through the property of his ancestors.
: he bought his way into the 1B~itish nobility. Since 1916 he
e has been first a baron and then Viscount Astor of Hever.
Fundamental democrats in England commonly refer to the
d peerage as the beerage, because so many brewers, usurers and
Slow-down grafters who happened to strike pay dirt were ad
mitted to it. But the old nobility had to have money to keel
if .' the show, and they got it by milking the millionaires.- Astor
tl spent lavishly for years and then he bought thelPall Mall (Ga
n zet te, a society paper of London, where lie could make hi:
'money talk louder by the' way the personal mention items .ver
- handled. So British nobility surrendered at last to the cam
to paign of the nian w'ith a consuming desire for a title.
l AN ECHO OF THE STEEL STRIKE.
to The other day inrBiraddock, Pa.. a mill superintendent stop
ped an old-timer on the street.
1- "Aren't you workiiig?" he asked.
olf "No, I am not working; I'm on strikeo; I'm taking a holiday
he I amt paying myself bhack those 20 Christmases I worked fog
he; the conimpany," said the mani. -
uag That has been the situation with the mill workers. No Suti
se l ivso (i Christmlns. Work that took it out of a man so tha
he was old at 10. W\ork that left him so tired.,at the end o
'.s .the day that he wasn't a human beiig any more. And nor
ne' these people are willing to sacrifice to change this sort of thing
lisl for themselves, for their children, and for the workers of al
the state, the Montana trade commission requested
that we arrange a meeting at Helena.on Oct..9 of the
executive officers of the various trade organizations
in the state, for the purpose of discussing the feasibil
ity of the selection of 10 or 12 representative business I
men from each line of endeavor, to.meet with- the com
mission at some subsequent date in an- attempt to ar
rive, if possible, at an approximate gross. margin of
profit for the guidance of the commission's idspectors
in their investigation under the provisions-of -house
bill No. 14, passed.at the recent Speoial sessi.n of the
legislature. \Ve thoroughly appreciate that this L- a
large order and that it may be found imipostsible to
co-operate with the coimnission in the manner de
siredl, but we feel that we slhould make ev ery possible
attempt to assist in allaying the ideas of profiteering
so prevalent in this state the past ear. - The result of
this meeting alnd any, further steps to be taken in con
nectioln therewith, will be amioun.edi ili ou! next Bult
pTo put the matter a little more Ifrankly, in plain
English, John is conveying Ithe glad tidings to his em
ployers that they have nothing to worry about so far
as the Montana trade commission is- concerned; in
deed, they are to he congratulated 'because they, are
to have all opportunity of fixing the gross rate of profit
themselves. What could be more desirable from the
standpoint of the profiteer?
This is an interesting revelation of the working of
the system in Montanna and is conclusive proof that
there is no relief to be had from the camouflage legis
lation that was passed to quiet the populace; on the
contrary, here is irrefutable proof that the Montana
tra(le commission is Working hand-in-glove with the
interests whose extortions they are supposed to curb.
We are deeply indebted to Comrade M1eintosh for
his exposure of the collusion beteei s.teI h biodies and
the profiteering elan, nor have we the slightest dobiht
that the information will be gratefully accepted by the
thousands of workers and their families who are strug
gling to make both ends meet.
We are so grateful thati. we are not even goilng to
comment on the doubtful discretion displayed by J ohn
in incorporating this information in a circular fur
nished the general membership.
Comrade Mlcntosh next deals with industrial con
TTHE GROUP SPIRIT.
The faster the workers:acquire the group spirit the better
they will be able to look- after their livelihood and, "remove
the causes of their ills." The so0called upper or capitalistic
classes are alretady compactly organized. The individuals com
bine their wealth and power through the corporate form of
organization. These in turn are: united into trusts or trade as
sociations, 'lnd these iin turnrstill further united so that a few
men cait..dic ker'for :the \whole big interest class of America.
This gang must be supremne uiqt.il the -workers, whom they take
advantage of, also run in gangs.
Over a column ot. space topped with a .glaring headline is
devoted in one of the morning capitalistic papers to a descrip
tion of how President Lovett of the Union Pacific railroad
walked uptown fromn his palatial private car yesterday in a
snowstorm. Neither in that issue nor in any others have we
iver seen any space devoted to descriptions of the thousands
of menl who walk to the various ptrines on the iill in blizzards
and below-zero weather evry. day ii :tie year, because.of ino .
Ssuifficietit W.'ages to pe nit them, the needed' carfarie or txicalb
fare to ride: to ;oiork.
".'Tlie United States has been at waroh u on aervage ,of oince ird
,.10 'years since the Conistitution lwa, adopted'":' sais Senntor
Calder of New York; 'and the object of,each war thas beei to
preserve the home. Yet wefind that to the manjority of people
in this country 'bome' means little mbre than ai dwelling, for
which they are paying rent.'"
Mechanics of Direct Action
S"H U. V LRAILSFORD.
During the four months which I
ipent. this spring in central Europe I
listened to many discussions on direct
,otion. During the three months that
I have been at home I have heard and
read many more.
The two series of debates stand
apart, curiously separate. On the
continent, socialists among them
selves discussed only the mechanics
of this method, At.home, it seems to
me, we discuss nothing but its ethics.
Abroad the realty of the class war is
so much more clearly perceived that
socialists discuss the general strike
I much as soldiers may discuss the rel
ative merits of trench warfare And
open maneuvers, the frontal attack,
or the war of attlition. 'It is one !os
sible means of attaining an end; is
it promising, is it sure? Here, in
England, critics and advocates alike
I seem exclusively busied in deciding
whether the working class'has a right
to resort to this particular .tactic. ;
It is right, or wrong; acdordnlg as
one answers. No or Yes to the iues
tion:' Can democracy be.a realty un
der the capitalistic system? do: my
thinking .it ts a pure deluision td sup:
5 pose that we can even approach.. dbe
mocracy in as society where w, aslt
has the power,.by.its comuland of the
press alone,. to shape the minds add
mold the opillions of the masses.
One may feel, in revolutibniity
moods, with Mr. Lloyd George. that
it is useless and immora~ to.s "shbre
up'.' the old world mnuch longer. One
may have no illusions about the
s;netity of the democratic: systemin u
der-which we I', and no m'roral
scrisples about direct action, but: the
problem of niechalices remains. Will
it work?' Will it attaiap ur end?
There is no doibt thht jin obstinate
and unanimous. strike b.; the triple
aliance, or even by.one bf two of its
three battalions,; would deal a stag
t gering blo.w' tb socety.: Its leaders do
not exaggerate their strength. Para
doxically, perhaps, it is the very h6w
Ver of this terrific "instruitnelnt which
,makes it difficult to haindle,
i ... A Latent Di)ctatshilp
Every Qne regards it.as-a revolu.
tionary weapon h nt. i .an "under.
ditions in Montana in the following hnappy vein:
. Montana Labor Troubles Brought to Head.
. Itnutstrial rjisturhances in: the state-and Montana
hlas.had more than her share in 1919--have reached
theii' crest;it is belieied, and will subside gradnally.
The strike of the ;metal .trades against the mining
companie,% proved a failure.'as forecasted last month.
ith.:-the: big nmaJority of the companies' workers on
the lob and satisfied, the idle mietal tradesmen'wrought
seriojrs injury to none but themselves. At their re
quest Federal Mediator Davis visited the sta-te, and the
result of his obseryvtions was virtually to advise :he
strikers to return to work. "The metal t'ades unions
thereupon submitted the question to referendum .Vote
and, while the strikers voted agaiist returning to work,
maniy are returning as individuals. There was no justi
fica.tioti for the strike which wits, in truth, unpopIular
with the rank of the strikers; but which, as usual, was
forcedl and engineered by afl'e.,tradical leaders.
After stlriking foi more than: a- month for ani,exorb
itant \wave increase (they were, getting $7 and dec
nianded $9) the Carpenters' union of Billings, together
with other building trades unions,. capitulated, and
the Billings divisiol of the M:ontana Associated Indus
tries won a clean-cut victory on tlie issues involved.
For weeks the carpenters refused to meet and discuss
the question 'with the employers. 'The final chapter
means nuchl.for Billings, for the adjustment of the
troubhi there includes a permandeit arbitration agree
ment, whereby differences are to be settled in future
by arbitration between the unions and the associate.d
Industries. The issues of the recent strike are now in
the hands of the arbitration board.
The value of siuch an arbitration arrangement was
again demonstrated at Helena recently, where differ
ences between the building trades unions and employ
ers were amicably adjusted.
We confess to having no very definite information
concerning the building trades strike in Billings, hbult.
I if-,ohn's version ofrit is as i~eracious as his account of
the metal trades. strike in iutte, we ha:ve some doubt
as to the extent of the victory won by the employers.
It is common knowledge that the' membership of
the metal trades.voted for a strike in the face of a rec
ommendation for the acceptance of the companies'
proposition by their committeemen, and also that the
metal trades went back to work in a body and not as
individuals after the final settlement.
statement. A success gained by the
use of this weapon would be reyolu
tioli.. The leaders might display al'
our national genius for tact and mod
eration. They might 'limit their de
mands, and ask only for what- the
present ruling class might cohcede
without abdicating. That moderation
could not disguise the fact that the
proletariat would have proved its
ability to dictate. There need be no
proclamation of the dictatorship.
Every one would realize that hence.
forward a latent dictatorship existed
That is not an objection to direce
action, but it is a reason why the rul
ing:class must fight it to the last ea
trdinity. In an ordlinary party fight
it .could" give way gracefully anti
easily, if it chose, on Russia and or
the socialization 'of mines and rail
ways, and still survive as a ruiink anc
profit-making class. But it dare not
concede even smaller things : that
those to a threat of direct action.
• But' can it resist, the reader asks!
Itt seems to me that men inured t(
indistrial strikes-are apt to suppos:
that a political strike would resgmb!'
them. The mines close down; Strike
pay is doled out week by wee!;, loa
beforei it is exhausted, the wholi
coiintry, elamoring for coal jvouh
have forced this government eithe
to yield or.' toýmdke Way for iwise
Things-would not run so- saothly
From the premier down to the las
t litt e clerk in his suburba.l villa
e every middle-clabs'citizen ini England
would say:. "This is revolution." Ii
all the :aily press the Herald woul,
e be the one dissentienit. The "ol
world"' would fight 'tr its existence
and Mr. George, would dirett ."th,
e knock6oit blow." Within 24 fihurs
e super-defense' t _le t.ale. act Wonul
be rushed through parliament and
the miniers would find thiett~elve
o outlaws and rebels. "Those ar
words." yoou say., -*there wulid stil
be coal." "Dora," however; has he
h resources. ;She would lay .hb heav,
hand .on the banks; not much. atrik
pay woutd ;get tli'ough he he itingert
The leaders w6uld be. promptly at
- rested. There Would be riots! Prot
..hl~o h..} -It ;rh } inn- i (r
against' airplanes and machine guns?
A political strike is a challenge to
the state as it exists today, and the
answer of the state would be to call
in armed force. But still there would
be no coal? The men would get coal
again when hunger drove them to it.
Armed Force and the Strike.
It would be foolish, to deny that
strikes, or a general strike, may play
a part in revolutionary strategy. It
is folly, however, tosuppbse that one
can play at direct action without chal
leggiing revblution, or that one can
deliver' a revolutionary challenge
without' coming up' against armed
fr'ce. There have been many general
st1rikes .long and, short, in central
Eilr.iope 'thin: year. The most deter
lniiled lasted for 10 days. All of them
failed to achieve a political' result. On
the contrary tlle'effct . in Germany
was to drive , even :a semi-socialist
givernmieilt into organizing a profes
sioal army, whose whole purpose is to
repress the working class. A conscript
army cannot be used for ever for that
'ud of .the proletariat really is ripe
for revolutionary tactics. A, profer
,sional .army. can always' be selected
for this. purliose.
The strike aloeie.has always failed
as a political'method. The difference
between' .1905 and 1917 in Russia
vas that` in the second year some of
the' workers had armqs and some of
the .troops Joined them. The differ
ence in Berlin between the success
of November and the failure Of March
wad that in the interval.the army: had
been deniolished and Noske's "Free
Corps" had taken" its place.
It is folly to.isay "We will not use
Force; v'e want no bloodshed." Our
opponents would use force and they
would not shrink from bloodshed.
The demo~cracy which will. not have a
militia and allows its rulers to create
a long-ternm professional army is com
nmitted henceforward to strictly con
;titutional courses. It must "play the
game" because. it dare not do other
wise; it will be lucky if the ruling
:aste .is.always equally scrupulous.
e These, I know, are opinions which
e few of the Herald's readers and none
e of its staff will share: I am content if
s they serve the purpose of stating the
issue ip terms of mechanics. To my
thinking we are in danger from mix
ing. revolution with constitutional tac
tics. 'One of these days Mr. Lloyd
t George will take up the challenge and
carry the issue to an election. He
would not fight on his Russian folly
nor yet on the merits of socialized
d mipes. He would fight on -'-direct
action," and he might, if we played
into his hands, contrive to rally ai
panic-stricken country to his banner
C against "bolshevism.". That 'is no
reason, for holding our hands, if we
can "act directly" and win. It is a
reason, ,however, for caution, if (as
: believb)' the machine gun is, as sol
O diers woitld say, a "strOnger form of
e war" than the strike.--N, Y:' Call.
. CONFUSEr AUHIMOBITI[S
a All mail for foreign points, ad
id dressed in German, Russian, Greek.,
IV Turkish, Hebrew or Chinese char
Id aetersi must also bear the same ad
Id dress in. English. Any letters which
e, do 'not carry the address in English,
e ,as well :as foreign..script,. will not
be:.carried.' This new rule is laid
id down by the postal authorities be
cause so many changes in European
e oundaries hnave maue it necessary
re hat postal officials on this side
ill ;hould be able to read the addresses
- n order to 'send the missiles to their
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