Newspaper Page Text
' i If -i- - - - - - - - - - - liL I
ssed vaery mhtalag, Ezeept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLZUflg CO.
Entered as Second Class Matter, Dec. 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at
Butte, Montana. Under act of March 3, 1879,
PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292.
VUSIN.lase eFPIOFR AND EDITORIAl, ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO ITREET
One Month............ ......... $1.00 Six Months .... ............ ...... _$5.00
Three Months .. .............$2.75 By the Year ......................$9.50
The Daily Bulletin is on salt every day at the following places in Butte.
Jacques Drag Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 828 East Front St.
George A. Ames, Jr., 816 1 2 N. Main St. P. O. N.wew Stand, West Park St.
International News Stand, S. Arizona St.
Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main ts. Harkins' Graeery, 1020 Talbot Avs
Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Helena Confecronery, 785 East Park et.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 23, 9191.
Has your local union contributed to the new workmen's com
pensation fund? If not, take the matter up at your next meet
Ing. All contributions should be sent to the Cascade Trades
and Labor Assembly, Great Falls, Mont. See that the petitions
are signed up and sent in as soon as possible.
Now that the alien agitatons, or at least a goodly number of
them, are on Ihe high seas on their way to safely or deal h---.
probably the latter-to the accompanimentl of joyful cries from
the editorial sanictuams of that siimoni-pure American instiblli.on
-the kept press--it aplpears to Ie lihe general beliefr Ihat we
can now breathe rreely once more auulo give thankts flor a danger
that has p)assedl.
The first consignmenti of political refugees have left our
shores and we can now probably take our place by the side of
the despot-riddenl nations of Europe whose policies we have
at last adopted over thle protests ol tlhe crew of sickly sentti
mentalists who believe that the .ontsltitltion means what it
says concerning freedom t fron persect lion fn' religious aind
It seems to be (hle acceptedl principle in this matter that
the foreigner comes here to enjoy the blessings of democracy
and that his presence should be tolerated only so long as he
makes no protest against conditions as he finds them; the
supposition being that no matter how relentlessly he may be
exploited that his surroundings are immeasurably better here
thian in the country from which he catmte.
There seems to he no tendlncy to believe that Ithe foreign
bornt worker has contlributed auything to our natrion, but that
lie has simply beetn a parasite who has proilted, b)y some process
as yet unexplained, frotu tihe benefits of our fornt of govern
It is generally conceded that nsefl'l tlabor is the highest form
of service to society; tlhis is admitted even by what is called lihe
capitalist class when they make, as they do, frenzied efforts to
convince uc 'hit they labor far more strenuously than do their
If it can be shown that the foreign-born, as a class, have nol
participated in our industrial life, if it can be shown that they
have lived on the labor of others, then no voice will be raised
in protest against the policy of setoling Ithetn back to their na
If, on the contrary, it can be proved that they are an im
portant and necessary factor ill our industrial, life, if it can he
proved that they greitly assist in the production of the com
modities from the manunfacture of' which enormous fortunes
have been made, if it can be shown that a considerable section
of our ind'ustrial po)pulation is foreign-nborn, then the arguments
of those who favor deportation fall to the ground. It also fol
lows that if' the aliens as a class are employed in the basic in
dustries that they are subjected to the same injustices, the
same oppression of which the native-born workers complain
and rebel against. If this is trne, the foreign-horn are entitled
to their spkesmen as well as tlhe tmlive-horn; to say that an
,lien must suffer inll silence under the samne evils against \which
the citizen workers are allowed to complain is to negate the
Irinciples on which This government is founded and to deny
thlie causes that led up to its creation.
More than that, it is the sname as handing the foreign-born
worker over to the tenider mercies of the industrial barons to
do with as they will. It means that chattel-slavery has been
resurrected for the convenience of the overlords of finance and
Let us see whether the miuch-cursed alicn has had any
thing to do with the rise of the United States as an industrial
Herbert Kaufman, assistant secretary of the interior, pro
seilted the following facts, dealing with the industrial activi
lies of the. alien population, to lihe senate cointittee on educa
tion. The information is startlitng, showing as it does, that the
huge fortunes acquired in the basic industries have been made
by exploiting foreign-born labor. Here are the figures:
"Steel and iron manufacturers employ 58 per cent of
foreign-born helpers; the slaughtering and meat-pack
ing trades, 61 per cent; bituminous coal mining, 62 per
-cent; the silk and dye trade, 34 per cent; glass-making
enterprises, 38 per cent; woolen mills, 62 per cent; cotton
factories, 69 per cent; the clothing business, 72 per cent;
boot and shoe manufacturers, 27 per cent; leather tan
ners,.57 per cent; furniture factories, 59 per cent; glove
manufacturers, 33 per cent; cigar and tobacco trades, 33
per cent; oil refiners, 67 per cent; and sugar refiners, 85
It will be noted that the interests who are now most active in
thle perfection of "alien agitators," the interests whose mouth
pieces are the most insistent in demanding drastic measures to
nrtrb activities of the foreign-horn are the same interests who
ihave succeeded in gaining a strangle-hold on the natural re
soi .tFs of this nation and who are now in absolute control of
thie destinies of the American people. The industrial autocrats
who tienjoy monopolies of iron and steel, coal, meats and food
piroducts,; oil, and sugar, etnploy but little native labor.
.'Sxty-six and one-half per cent of all their employes are
'P he question arises: Do these interests treat thie native
brnt nworker any better than they do thie foreign-horn? Lud
lo.V Lawrence, Homestead, Paint Creek, Butte, the gigantic
slri, kIn the iron and steel industries, the attitude of E. H. Gary
anr- te coal operators answer no.
'Two-thirds of their employes are aliens. They intend by
dej.iortitions of a few to cow the rest; to strike fear to their
lihearts so that- their cruel and oppressive rule canll continue to -
We hope that the foreign-born who have been sweated and
enslaved in the mines, mills and factories of the czars of indus
try will be quick to realize the significance of this latest move
,a reduice both them and the native-born workers In serfdom.
We hope that they will lake a righteous revelnge for the
years of srllfering and oppression and leave our sIm,res in their
It' the ltockefellers, Mor:ganis, Ryans and-j SIhiwahs wanIt.
Alerioi. to he for Americans, Ithere are enough Almerican-born
w..rkers Io give them Iltheir desire, but they will not he pleased
wiilli ,illr intlerlprelation of tlheir doctrine.
When America for Americans has come to meanl industrial
freedom for the imasses, when it, means that those who do nol
labor shall niot eat. then. itf' there are still any oppressed workers
inl any nation, they will be welcome here.
The specl.acle of a shipilodl of aliens accused of lno, crime set
,adril't upon tihe b)osom of the meanll may delight he hearts of
- thise toi whoml tlorture at' disseilters is a holy act, but like other
aci.ls of a freinzied rlitng caste in the last tel years, it onlly
Sbriings nearer the day when they themselves will have to depend
a upon the mercy of the class they have lost no olpportllnity to
spit upon, yet from whom they have not been too Iproudl li t ake
Ihe wealth that makes them arroigant and cruel.
BOB SMILLIE GREETS AMERICAN LABOR.
Robert Srnillie, the llresildent of the Miners U!nilon of (1ireal.
ilriainii anid head of the TrilAtl Alliance-the powerful body
Jomnl)posed of tile tiransliortl workers, the railwaymnen and min
ers-----has seati hy caillle the followiiig greeting to the workers
(Special Cable to Liberator.)
(iroetliings to yiou, my Amner'ican comrades of all rainks of
I1i viexw of tihe close ofi the greatest of allwars, ill which
so much blood and wealth have been so recklessly wasted,
it. behooves the democracies of all the coiluntries of the
world to draw tlheimselves ilno closer commni i1ion; first,
Io ensure1 the. pirevention ofi iil.lerniat.ional Wil in the I'u
I ire ; second, to advance the inldust.rial and iplili l ftiree
hoi oit the lpr riltllu'ing classes ill ll nations. In the past
the workers f' onle natioll hlave Ibeen .et oft against. lie
I workel's o.'t a lothler nation to prevent. Ithis oomininirioiu bill
ill lithe future it will be necessary to link up the workers of
tilhe valrious nations so that we may advance side by side.
We may talk aibouht ;a League of Natioins for a genera
lion, yet if it is only a leaguel of caplitalistic governmente s
it will mean nothliiing to the ciommoni people of the inations
it' fihe earh. Whalt is really required is a Leaigell of the
liemliocracies, sl.rongly organized ini each colluntry, to rid
lie workelrs of the cirse of lapiltalismn as we k(luow it. todaly,
aind rlmake thlie vwhole world a. f I. place for free menl aind
S wolmen to live in.
s In (;reat lBriitlili 1 believe that the present agitalion for
Ihle tliniilalization of the mines a.lid minerals will he con
I.inued until we realize our amnbition. I do not think its
l' ilntieil will he lonig ipostponled. The plissessing' class
' realizes that iini tioina.l iownliership cannr ot stlopI and will not.
e stop. with the naltiiailization of' the miilnes and the miiines
i, alone. They realize thatii the lilnd(I, railways, transporllt andll
other industrlies esseintia.l tli tle social well-heing of Ithe
people will follow.
The fight will be a stiff one, as capital is Inow fully
aroulsed and will spare no pains to thwart the aspirations
f of the comnmonl peoplie.
1 It ought to be admiltled hat many thousands of weallhy,
edeiied People aire on 'our side, though the vast bulk of
Ihe possessing class have nio vision of the soul' of the an
.ioni or its people and ('altlili( seeo l)eyonlld the contillnulationl
of' I.the present ciii'rsed systemlii which 'keelps the vast mlajor
ity of the People of everly inalion of' the earth continiallyoul
e the verge of l'poverty in ordler thlint a fewv may be in luxury.
1 inliderstandll that the liiine worlkers of America are
s moving forw'ard on similar lilies and I wish them God
I would appeal to the workers of America to realize that
until the whole wealth produced by labor-taking the
word "labor" in its broadest and truest sense to mean all
those who labor by hand or brain in the production of
e anything that is essential or beautiful-is secured for the
n common enjoyment of those who produce it, there can
1 not be and there ought not be any rest from agitation to
wards this end.
h The \worll does move whein lihe great.lest body of workers in
e Great Britain canli speak to their comrades in America and
\oice the sentiments of the masses of both nations while the
spokesmen of the governments speak only for themselves.
1' I Fuel Administ.riator (larl'ield s.peaks autlloritatively, the
Sgovernment is rotl going to lerlnit the labor unions to be de
I stroyed- opeii-slhopilers 1make it note of that.-Oregon Labor
Judge Andersonl seems toa lIe lihe one who spoke authori
The depalrtment of ijustice declares thliat thIe "brains" of the
- radical mioveiieiit ill the United States lef't oil the steamer Bri
i- frd yestlo'lrdll'y. The dolpartllenlt. of jllstico l(iow lias 1n1 even
o With I lie c(hlosiing of thle city fluel ad ministratlor's office, we
hilly exl0('cl a i'eliwvil of Mr. Mlitllloi's ' "literary" spasms for
League Covenant an Instrument
For Promotionof Oppressive Warfare
Washington.-In condemning Brit
ish imperialism, Senator Robert Il.
La Follette said in the senate, in
part, as follows:
"I have heard it stated in this
chamber that Great Britain is the
one great colonizing nation in the
world. In justification of her wide
dominion, it has been argued that
she is peculiarly fitted to administer
the government of distant territories.
"Senators who advance the doc
trine ignore the fact that the day of
colonization is past. There has been
no effort-and there will be none-
to colonize India, Egypt, or Mleso
potanlia, as Canada, Australia, and
South Africa have been colonized.
Out of a total population of 315,000.
000, there are to be found only 170.
000 Europeans and Americans, of
whom two-thirds are British sub
jects. Great Britain holds these im
mense territories and administers
the affairs of the native populations,
not for purposes of colonization, but
for the sole object of exploitation.
"Under the pretense f altruism,
with much .talk of bestowing the
"blessings of Christianity" and "civ
ilization" upon the "backward pco
piles," the imperial nations of Eu
rope have ruthlessly exploited the
rich resources and vast populations
of Africa and Asia.
"We should not deceive ourselves
into believing that there call be a
permanent enforcement of the pres
eunt system of exploitation in Asia.
The civilization of these Asian coun
tries is more venerable than our own.
Asia's contribution to the world has
been the principle of human brother
hood. Asia has produced the great
moral teachers of history-Confu
cious, Buddha, Mohammed, Christ.
"'I shall not review the results of
the exploitative system. Wherever
it has been imposed, it has brought
famine, misery and rebellion. The
average income of a native worker
in India today is less than $10 a
year. and $1.50 of that amount is
wrung from him annually in taxes
levied by an alien government. The
statement before the. foreign rela
tions committee of the senate that
6,000,000 natives died during the
last three months of 1918 because of
the "drawing of resources out of
India, making it impossible for her
(Continued on Page Three.)
Listen to the Mucker
/ / K- ; '7
('( / / , ,
The Mucker-The cost of living went up 2 per cent last month. Did your wages go
up with it?
The Mucker--The cost of living went up 2 per cent last month. Did your wages go
up with it?
The Students' Corner
Having completed "Shop Talks on
Economics," we begin a study of
"Evolution-Social and Organic," i
by Arthur M. Lewis. t
Students will find in this work the t
explanation for many natural phe- t
nomena, whose causes have escaped t
them. It deals with and explains the
various philosophies and theories of
existence that have arisen from time
to time and contains much informa
tion not found in the ordinary text
It should be carefully stu.dled for
the reason that a thorough under
standing of evolution is necessary for
a true knowledge of life and labor,
the most important factor in life.)
(Continued from yesterday.)
In the test conditions of his own
garden, in an experiment covering
thirteen years, he observed over fifty
thousand of the Lamarckiana spread
over eight generations and of these
eight hundred were mutations divid
ed among seven new elementary
species. These mutations, when
self-fertilized, or fertilized from
plants like themselves, bred true to
themselves, thus answering the test
of a real species. DeVries also
watched the field from which his
original forms were taken, and saw
that similar mutations occurred there
so that they were not in any way
due to cultivation.
Thus has the modest mutating
primrose contributed its quota to the
solution of that riddle of the uni
verse which, until it is solved, will
always command a paramount posi
ition in the thoughts of men.
DeVries discourages the notion
that mutations are always occurring
everywhere, which might seem to be
one of the inferences from' his theory,
and his twenty-fourth lecture of the
series, delivered before the Univer
sity of California is entitled "The
Hypothesis of Periodic Mutations."
The comlmon primrose, he says, seems
to be immutable at present, and ar
gues that it must have had a miuta
tory pleriod .sometime in the past,
when, perhaps, the evening primrose
was not mutating. He says: "All
the facts point to the conclusion that
these periods, of stability and muta
bility. alternate more or less regular
ly with one another."
He deals the Neo-Lamarckians a
heavy blow by his denial of "direct"
adaptation, and he greatly strength
ens their opponents when he asserts
that mutation takes place, not only
in useful directions, but in all direc
tions, leaving natural selection to
destroy the unfit. This is a restate
ment of Darwin's conception, fol
lowed by Weismann, of "fortuitous"
variations, and is contrary to the no
tion of Spencer and Haeckel, that
variations are mainly in the direc
tion of adaptation to environment.
as a result of animals exerting them
selves in that direction.
This point is well stated by De
Vi ies in the following passage.
"This failure of a large part of the
productions of nature deserves to be
considered at some length. It may
be elevated to a principle, and may
be made use of to explain many dif
ficult points of the theory of descent.
If in order to secure one good nov
elty niature must produce ten or
twenty or perhaps more bad ones at
the same time, the possibility of im
provements coming by pure chance
must be granted at once. All hypo
theses concerning the direct causes
of adaptation at once become super
fluous, and the great principle enun
ciated by Darwin once more reigns
Another difficulty which DeVries
claims to have solved by his theory.
is the supposed contradition between
the physicist and the biologist as to
the time allowed by the former and
the time required by the latter, for
the evolution of animals.
Lord Kelvin asserted the age of
the earth to be between twenty and
forty million years. George Darwin
estimates the separation of the moon
from the earth as having taken place
some fifty-six million years ago.
Gekie estimated the existence of the
solid crust of the .earth as at most
hundred million years. Joly, by cal
culating the amuont of dissolved
salts, and Dubois by the amount of
lime, estimated the age of the riv
ers, Joly giving as probable fifty-five
and Dubois thirty-six millions of
"All in all," concludes DeVrjes,
"it .seems evident that the durati n
of life does not comply with the de
mands of the conception of very slow
and continuous evolution." Muta
tion, with its sudden leaps, has no
such difficulty, and,--"The demands
of the biologists and the results of
the physicists are harmonized on the
ground of the theory of mutation."
In order properly to estimate the
sociological significance of DeVries'
theory it will be necessary to go back
more than a century, and observe
the sociological import of the lead
ing biological ideas of that period.
And here let us remark, that no
body knows better than we do the
danger of transplanting, withoiut
criticism, biological theories into the
field of sociology. Nevertheless, our
opponents have never lost an oppor
tunity to twist and distort science,
if perchance by any possibility it
could be made to contradict anything
that had so much as the semblance
of socialism. We, however, have
always insisted on the weakness of
reasoning by mere analogy and have
kept to those general laws which
have been worked out separately in
The principle now about to be ap
plied belongs to this latter class. It!
is the most luminous principle ever
employed in the interpretation of the
phenomena of society. This prin
ciple is that the intellectual life of a
people is determined by its mode of
wealth production and the social
classes arising therefrom.
Jean Lamarck, the first great mode
ern apostle of evolution, died in pov
erty because he advocated a theory
that appeared to contradict the in
terests, which was intensely, theo
logica.l, and although his theory real
ly favored the bourgeoise, that classI
was not yet aware of it.
Curvier was the lion of that day,
for he managed the remarkable feat
of adapting science to the ideas, not
only of the increasing bourgeoisie,
but also of the diminishing feudal
power. He pleased the feudal re
gime, such of it as remained, by de
nying evolution, and endorsing its
theology. This made his theories
welcome also among those shrewd
early capitalists, as the English, who
realized more quickly than their
fellows, that religious belief might
constitute as great a prop for one
ruling class at it had already been
But in his capacity of scientific re
flection of the class interest of his
masters, Curvier's masterpiece was
his "cataclysmic theory." Accord
ing to this theory, organisms were
now just as when they issued from
the hands of the Creator. The dif
ference between existing forms, and
those creatures whose story is pre
(Cohtinued on Page Three.)
(Panned by Jim Seymour.)
Once upon a time there was a
sowbug. The sowbug was very fat,
very lazy and quite repulsive to look
upon. In spite of his great conceit
the sowbug somehow realized this re
pulsiveness and kept out of sight
most of the time. He often felt the
desire to display proudly his ample
proportions, but instinct told lIim
that light was bad for his health, so
he avoided it as omuch a:; piossibl'
and spent nearly all of his time
under a decaying log, eating, sleep
ing and neglecting to remove his
filth. This log he admired greatly.
The Great Sowbug, long :owbug
ages ago, had created the log for his
especial benefit exactly as iti. was
now, and exactly so it would remain
to the olid of sowbug time.
But one day there came what the
sowbug declared a very disagreeable
odor-the aroma of burning pine.
He buried*his nose in the latest, bit
of the Daily Filth and strove not to
smell the pine. In this he probably
succeeded, but lie was nevertheless
very uncomfortable and not quite so
confident of the unchangeableness of
his log, for something was making
it hot for him.
Finally the sowbug was compelled
to retire to the interior of the log.
It was cooler there, but in a shortr
time he was compelled to go out into
the light on the top of the log. Oln
end of the log was an annoying
shade of glowing red that boiled the
greasy sweat out of him even as hie
scampered away from it. While he
was rushing from place to. place,
looking for a cool, dark crack in
which to hide, he spied a lumber
jack with an expression of seditious
amusement upon his face.
Now the sowbug was not intelli
gent, else he wouldn't have been a
sowbug, so he blustered and fumed,
and commanded the lumberjack to
stop the fire.
"Blub-blub-blub-blub," he sput
tered, "this warming process is un
constitutional. Who's running this;
The fire continued to burn and the
"I will have the Lord Chief Sow
.Ibug issue an injunction against you,"
threatened the sowbug.
The fire burned and the luimber
"We mullt have law and order;
I intend to run my business in iimy
-(awn way," said the sowbug, puffing
out his chest.
The fire burned nild' he lumbr
"You are a noisy agitator!"
I screamed the .owbug at the top of
The fire burned and the lumber
l jack smiled.
A breath of pure air, fi'om the
, lumberjack's way moved toward the
I log, enveloping the sowbug in heat
4 and smoke. He rolled over on his
back, and being an expert kicker, he
Juggled his legs frantically.
"You are bringing the log to
1 ruin," he gasped. "Quit it and be
reasonable; our interests are identi
The fire burned and the lumber
"Chaos," murmured the' sowbug.
as he breathed his last amid enteired
the eternal darkness of Sowbug
The fire died away -and the lum
Moral: Don't get excitcd when
things are coming your way.
Lawyer Accused of Fraud-News
Why, the idea!