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title: 'Memphis daily appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, January 04, 1857, Image 2',
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. M E MP HIS .
SUNDAY MORNING,.-.JANUARY 4, 1857.
THE CASH SYSTEH
Will be strictly observed by the proprietors
of thlsTuper in f alare Every name will he
erased at the expiration of the time subscribed
for, unless renewed is advance. In doing this,
we knew we shall hare t erase many a good
same, but ws can make no exception to the
rale we hare adopted. Long experience has
taught us that this is the only safe and legiti
mate way of conducting our business.
THE SLAVE TEADE-DEJCAGOGTJEISK.
Our readers are well aware that a short time
since a resolution was introduced into the House
ef Representatives to revive the Slave Trade.
In a direct vote takes, it was voted down by
ever seventy majority, and this in a branch of
Congress, where the Democratic party is in but
a small minority. AVe have already referred to
the action of the Southern Convention, which
assembled at Savannah, during the past month,
la relation to this subject ; aad the summary
aanaer in which the motioQ raae te revive the
Slave Trade was put to rest no one voting in ! The MmUtur of Saturday, publishes the f ol
.. t , , lowing further details respecting the msurrec-
me smraasiv-e-MHWia sausiy an reasonaoic
men ia the Nrtfa USat the South is opposed in
Me to its revival., There are extreme men in
the Soath as welt as at the North,but there is aloo
a coserr-ajye "eleet in esich section of the
Uioa wMA ftflt crash out ultraism, no mat
ter howfS3r3.iinnaV.rf it nrwnla itself. The
. . i
anda.a party it is not responsible for
th 4ts of a etc who claim alleriance Saturday evening, the 22d of November, the
U behests. The summary Banner 1 commander of the escort which usually accora
a r - - ' , i- or j i r panies the diligence from Palermo to Messina,
h,-iie resolution offered in Congross theptoll.bar lowered between Belle-
lias met proffered at the Savannah Con-
CWai trf-M. ? th hpst suretr that the
XlbtSnk the South desire no '-revival of the
m , ., , . . ..i
51ave,apk.' e kuow our views meet with
toe aftpfBBMUon oi uie people resieing m iue gfnt immediately a ueiacument oi miuiia io
southwestern portion of the coaf ederacy; and j clear the road, but it was attacked by about CO
we wold not thus express ourselves did we ot insurants of whom about ! 90 1 were mo-mted,
1 . , i and the militiamen were obliged to retreat ne
wish te call attention to the course of a member jre superior numbers.
o Congress from this State, who, in his dsire j The Sicilian government at once tool: steps to
to throw blame upon the only party that is I stifle in its birth an attempt at an insurrection
rea,y Nation.,, had reonrse to an extent 7 iSStfS
wll worthy of a dying Gladiator. We refer to ! tween jiessjna and Palermo. Troops were
Mr. Etheridge, who introduced resolutions ' sent against the insurgents, and 'lie latter, sur
in the House of Representatives, in relation ) rounded in a wood, were compelled to leave 16
to tbe subject under consideration, (which we
have asisiaid,) the purport of which, however,
was that the revival of the Slave Trade was ob
enioos. It was a feather in bis cap, at least
we should jodge so, from the following eulogium
passed noon him by one of the vilest Black
Republican prints published in the United
States. IVe refer to the New York Tints, ed
ited by Mr. Hexxy J. Raymond, frosa which
paper we extract:
"Mr. Etheridge, of Tenn., whose indepen
dence in raising a storm in the House yesterday,
his resolution against tbe slave trade, is an
original in his way. Talking with some South
ern gentlemen the other day, he remarked that
tne Fugitive Slave Law, about which so much
foss was making, is a considerable humbug.
" Why," he said, " if a :.igger runs away, one
of two things is certain either, he is a mean
wijger, or lie hasame.n. master. If the uigger
is mean, fie isat worth catching and if
master's mean, the nigger ought to run."
There is the extract. Most Southern people
wooJd reflect before they came te a conclusion
in relation to each a paragraph-some may say i
... .. , ii . '
uisa compliment to a wen-triea servant
others, and the majority, we guess, will call it ' Tailed, and where the police had hastily arrest
the antipodes of a compliment. j ed some hundred persons. As is generally the
The Democratic partr-the people of the I case urer such circumstances, reports are cur-
... . -.,.. ! rent of outbreaks elsewhere, as at Messina,
Sooth as a body desire no revival of the Slave Catania, Girgenti, and other places. The let
Trsoe. They despise those men, endowed with ters we have before us mention as leaders M.
a lrttie authority, who spring such a question j Marco, a lawyer and ex-Deputy of the Sicil
to agitate tbe public mind. Tbe people of the ,ian Pament, and hi- brother-in-law, Benti-
Soth detest demagogues, no matter what party
they claim to belong to and a recommendation
from papers serving the cause of Black Repub
licanism, beneits no man who lives in a sec
tion of country whose people "stand by the
Cotutitatio of the United States."
sT The Lancaster Inlillienccr suggests that
morning visits before twelve o'clock tg Mr.
Buchanan-, should be avoided in future. In
Tiewof the time Mr. Buchanan needs to attend
to his immense correspondence, and to prepare
for tbe 4th of March, this suggestion seems es
pecially worthy of remembrance. All who know
Mr. Buchanan are aware how methodical are
hia habits, and to be interfered with by imperti
nent visitors must be greatly annoying.
The Texas Republican informs us that
fifteen negroes, who had been freed by the will
of their maater, Gabbiel Moore, deceased,
were recently sent out of the State, in compli
ance with the law their future home being
A Ke-w York Faibissable Chcrch
cert in it.
-And a Cos-
We eet the following notices of a novelty on
Fifth Avenue, from the New York papers :
First the jHirrer:
The fancy church on tbe corner of Fifth Av-
eone and Thirty-fifth street was pretty well fill-
ed last evening, the attraction being a " Char- i
ity Concert" given by fashionable amateur la- j
ows aim genumeii, I or me Deaelit, mainly, we
beiieve, of the fancy church in which the per
formances were.given. If the handsome pro
ceeds had been promptly applied to the shiver
ing bodies and empty stomach of the sufTerin"
poor, for whose especial care Christianity was
established, the "charitj" of the occasion
would have been moie effective ; while the mu
sic would have sounded sweeter to, at least one
pair of ears. We do not beiieve in buildii.g ex
travagant churches Temples of Vanity fill
ed with carved statues (no better than " graven
images") and then invoking the blessedname
of charity to save the "House of God" from a
mortgage foreclosure lhe church in Question
is a taxvdry a fair, not a tho-jgbt of the simpli- !
IA.. . B Pli.i . T T - n . - . .
3 S , ' ? V, J - lUe iaPtlst "3V- I
TT" "iT',,,u UFer lae enan- !
rl tfiAT tm 9 ratal lanMi
f with one Jec bare to her hip a nair of ivin
.... m - C
1 UrA . 3
on her shoulders, and a fireman's trumpet at
her month as long as a Dutchman's pipe. We
s-ppose it is meant to represent that awful
" ABtet who Efaill eUcd
One root en tea tadoneim solid land ;"
bat the exhibition, however much it may aid
and comfort the superstitious, can hardly in
spire any very exalted state of intelligent de
votion. Bat it is tha concert, and not the church, that
we meant to notice.
The whole affair was a decided success ; but
as to the propriety of srivate voun? ladif an.
pearing " in pttblic on the stage," that is a ques- I
ua awl uie aoai imeresiei to decide
for themselves. The question for outsiders to
'answer is this: Would you like to see the one
yon love best making a public exhibition of
herself before a crowded house to be followed
by a newspaper publication before the world !
The Xrtoune says, in allusion to this matter: t
" We think, however, the idea of a nrirate
concert in public is illogical. Why not print
names when persons stand up for notice, and to
the same extent for criticism? We suppose
each one sang on this occasion with the con
sciousness that hU or her ability would stand
the force of public remark. Most of the mu
sic was operatic. Verily we are nroffressinr.
Airs from that wicked opera, La Traviata ;
that heathenish tragedy, Semira midet that
desperate drama, II Corsaro all in a Baptist
caucn. wnat would tne man of the wilder
ness say toit?'
And the Herald winds up a characteristic ar
ticle with the following dash of "cold water:"
"The concert was a very slow affair, and we
wouM rather give fie dollars to any respecta
ble ckariiaWe iastttutkm than to hear it again.
, We lwf e that the 'poor will make something
fronvtiie snfferines of the audience, which were
severe, even for hardened sinners."
Deowned. TfceNathville Patriot, of Mon-J
day, says :
" On her last trip up of the Jmbcmador,
three ef her deck-hands, were lost, by the foun
dering pf a wood boat which the steamer had in
tow. They were all Irishmen. We did not
learn their names.
1 . ; I 1 WlHMtMlMMMMll
ASEIVAL Or THE BALTIC.
The steamship .Balltc, which left Liverpool
December 10th, arrived at New YorkonTburs
day. Her news has been anticipated by the
Canada, at Halifax, but we find some interest
RS OPENIXG OP TH3 PARIS CONFEREXCE.
Th'i Paris Xonittvr af Sunday, DecTtb, pub
lisheu the following:
" The treatv of Paris has met, in its anplica'
Hon, with difficulties which have given rise to a
difference of opinion between the contracting
Courts, and has rendered necessary a meeting
of their representatives to hasten the complete
execution of the treaty of peace. The majority
of the powers thaf signed the treaty have al-
-. i . m 1 a. I .l a iL. .
reajy agreed, witn me onjeci in view, io uie
convocation of the Conference of Paris. It is
therefore to be presumtd that it will be able to
meet hefore the end of the present month, ard
everything authorites the hope that it will suc
ceed in promptly re-establishing a perfect un
derstanding on the points under dispute."
Th Paris Journal des Dcbats says Turkey is
the only power which has not sent in its adhe
sion to anotner uomerence, out its assent js
The London Mtcrtiter asserts that the gov
ernment of France, or rather Count AValewski,
will be checkmated in the artful game that gov
ernment scucht to play respecting the Confer-
anil Lord Falmerston win stana uiguer
man crer ,s;hen they are over.
I vaples and SIClLT.
, - .. jn cjy:
" Palermo. Nov. 28. Disturbance has tak'n
nlace in ?icilv. Owing: to the difficulty of com
municaticii, the exact extent of the movement
which hci taken place cannot yet be aseer
rained, bat it seems that in the province of
Palermo tne speeoy arrival or tue troops on
iL . A
i every point where tranquility was threatened,
. r i . . i . u k. .
n,tl.r,l ihi fllmjrin! detail resneetinr
( tjje m0Vement on the 22d of. November: 'On
! frate amj Mezzoju90, about twenty miles from
I Palermo, when several shots were flrei at him.
Thinking they were brinndi, he took to flight,
.ordennE back the diligence, ine bjmdic of
Benefrte b,ii informed of the occurrence,
ltJBVUCio lit tuc u.iiua Ut lVJIJ, L Ui-
tion of the insurgents succeeded however, in es
caping in the direction of Cefalu, on the coast
between Messina and Palermo, at 40 miles dis
tance from the lattter. A detachment of S00
men was embarked on board a war steamer to
follow the insurgents to their retreat. After
remaining three hours before the town, the
trxP entered without opposition. To-day the
road between Palermo and Messina is again
open, and the diligence runs as usual."
" Messina, Nov. 30. Despite the the ex
citement caused by the news from Palermo,
this city is tranquil. The police have howev
er, thought it advisable to take measures of
Erecaution; the posts are doubled, but no one
as as yet been arrested. A Catania placards
are said to have been posted on the walls with
the words " Long live the hereditary Prince !"
"Low: live the Constitution of 1312!" But
the police tore them down without opposition
fioa the people. The Neapolitan steam cor
vette Zlaiinc, stationed at Messina, left on
the 2Sth for Naples, where she Is to take in
1000 men and artilery."
The Italian papers give very little informa
tion on the subject.
Tne Upinxone of .Turin, or tne 2d, says : " it
fPPM" cfrf?ln.th3.t e reBent fw
to t"e neishborhood of Palermo, and ha
toat the movement is coniined
., t tv, -if,- r,.,f -..i.f r.
pected at Genoa to-morrow from Naples, when
she will probably have fuller details."
The Italian Popolo, the organ of Mazzini.
savs : " We hear from Palermo that th. events
that we have so ardently wished for hare com
menced. The first step has been most favora
ble, as GOO aimed men were enabled to assent
ble at a moment's notice, led by men of talent
and energy, lhe movement commenced at Mez-
zojiiso. about two miles from Palermo. Al
though at so short a distance from the city, the
police were a whole day inactive. All the
neighboring districts Filtatrate, Bonnirra, Vi
cara, Crimina, have risen. Fetes, concerts and
illuminations have been held. The conduct of
our brothers has been most sen ble. There
has been no pillage, no effusion of blood, no
acts of violence, but brotnerly love throuzbont.
At the moment I am writing I learn that the in
surrection is spreading, and we cope for success.
The rally cry is, "Viva 1' Italia!" The flag
is a iri-color, without arms or municipal de
Paexs, Sunday. News from Palermo to the
27th ultimo has been received. It records that
complete tranquility has been established, and
me insurrection is at an end. a t rencn steam
er, the Dnehayla, had reached Palermo at that
date. There were some later disturbances in
Sicily, but of a character described as unim
A private letter from Naples, of the 2d inst.
states that the King bad, on the 27th of Octo
ber, Granted a pardon to twenty-five political
convicts, making forty-one pardoned since the
7th of the same month. Of thea nn Tiaa a!nr
been arrested on a charze of his havimr three
days after his liberation, tried to inveigle a cer-
tain number of soldiers into a conspiracy
is strange that these "acts of grace," so
quently discuesed, and even conceded two
months ago, as mentioned at the time, should
have really and formally granted on the eve of
L. J & " T . ,T 1 1 r i .
iue urpdriuie oi uie cngusnana trencn lega
tions without a word being said to either on the
A dispatch from Naples, dated the 7th inst,
was received in Paris on Tuesday, announcing
that the insurrection in Sicily was suppressed,
ami .oenuvogna maue prisoner.
The Globe confirms tbe statement that ac
counts from Naples announce the repression of
uie sicuuan insurrection, and adds tnat large
quantities of muskets had been landed for the
IMrOKTAXT SB-CltORS FROM "COTXA ALLEGED
SLAUGHTER OF TOE EASTERN KIXG,
From the Horth Chln Nnld.l
The slaughter of the Eastern Kin? has been
rumored, reported, and finally announced bv a
demi-official note. These accounts differ wide
ly, and would seem to have reached Shanghai
through differ'nt channels. Early in the week
it waB rumored, here and there, that there had
been a " row" between the rebel leaders. Next
it was reported that the Eastern King had been
beheaded, and that more than ten thousand of
tne rebels had fallen by the Eastern and the
Northern Kings the former demanding supplies
of gunpowder, which the other refused to grant.
From worls they came to blows, and almost
the whole city of Nanking was soon in an up
The demi-official ncte we are not able to pub
lish. It purports to have come from the macis
trate of the city of Tanyang, and the facts de
tailed to have been gained by a trusty spy, to
the effect that there bad been an old quarrel be
tween the Eastern apd Northern Kings : that
i ui c iias.ci I ii.iii ii :aupn nil nun tor. i n
place of the Western King, whose death he had
me jas-.ein aaa installed nis own son in tne
caused some three or four years ago, and that
now he was plotting to usurp the throne of the
heavenly king, viz : JTucg Siuttlutn. It goes
on to state that Yang Siusting had been seized,
condemned, and bis body drawn asunder by five
buffaloes one being fastened to his head, one
to each arm, and one to each leg, and then
heavy rockets set oa fire at their tails ; .that his
whole family had been put to death j arid, more
over, that the Imperial troops, 4under Chang
xk.uuaii, ncic ou uieir way, as iar as Jieny
ung, to recover Nanking.
Nanchtang, the capital of Kiangsee is, we
hear,very closely invested by the insurgents,
and must, it is believed, soon fall into their
Tanyang, by latest accounts from the North,
was in the possession of the insurgents, Chang
Kwoliang in person being in command.
THE WEST COAST OP AFRICA. -
Later Intelligence has been received from the
West Coast of Africa by the arrival of the
steam packet Gambia at Plymouth.
Disputes, chiefly among the natives, appear
to prevail all along the Coast.
The British Consul visited the Caraeroons in
the steamer Gambia, and held a palaver be
tween the contending tribes.
The Gambia brought from Fernando Po to
Teneriffe several members of the Spanish mis
sions and four colored youths for training. I
Affairs at Lejos are quiet, bat an outbreak
Is hourly expected. The gun-vessel Minx, 3,
Commander Roe2continues in the harbor wait
ing any contingency. Oil plentiful, trade brisk,
and the people he alth. Both here and at Ac
cra 'the conflict bt tween the Ashantees and
their neighbors near Cape Coast Castle, is not
yet at an end, and only 4C0 pounds of gold
could be shipped in consequence.
The river trade at Sierra Leone continues un
Bettled. tnronpb internal disturbances.
The town trade is brisk, especially in gold
and hides, the latter commanding 10il and lOJil.
According to the Jfrican, the Fellah town
of Cocscofi was attacked on the 3J of October
by the Junmano, who killed 3ST6 on the field,
and took 100 prisoners. Alpha Mohammed
Lidmi has lost his life, with most of the chief
men of his party.
A severe engagement commenced on the loth
and en led on tlie Iitli or uctoner at juaBsaia
mce, between Bannoi and Sultan. Lahai, whose
forces were completely routed. Many were
killed and 50 taken prisoners. Preparations
for hostilities were making at Lokkoh, and
there are rumors of an expected disturbance at
Bar. a, on the Gambia, to the north of Ba
thurst. BEEOLUTIOXS OF THE NICARAGUA!? 3ZIT
ISQ IH HEW Y0EE.
The large meeting which recertly assembled
in New Toik City, to declare its sympathy
with the cause of Wai.kck, In Nicaragua,
passed the following resolutions : .
Whereas. In all times of national emergency
in al! times of disaster and misfortune,
whether visited upon the children of our own
soil or upon those of other lands, whether it be
by famine, by pestilence, by the disasters of un
sucseesf'il warfare, or by the great calamities
of the elements the ciiizns of New York
have'always been the first to respond to every
call whether it bt for the commongoodof their
country or in behalf of the oppressed and suff
ering of every clime; and whereas, the recent
advices from Nicaragua have revealed to them
the fact that at least one thousand of their fel-low-cotintrvmen
struggling there in behalf of a
principle which lies at the very root of our In-
f. . .1 . .1 k
SU.UUUn3,&ie IIUW SUJIUUUUCU UJ ail penn
ing force, who are waging against them a war
of extermination, and unless they receive im
mediate succor or assistance, either from the
Government or people of this country, are in
imminent danger of being massacred to a man;
and whereas, the struggle now pending in Nica
ragua is one which in its issue is to determine,
under republican laws and institutions, tbe
peace and prosperity of that country, and.
through that condition of peace, prosperity,
law and order, as clearly promulgated and guar
antied by the government of General William
Walker, tne legitimate President or Nicaragua,
is to cetermine the commerce, citizenship and
political supremacy of the United States upon
this continent, and especially as the foreign
governments of Costa Rica, Gautemala, Hon
duras and San Salvador, countenanced and sup
ported by one of the stnrongest powers of the
world, have combined to destroy those inter
ests and violate llTose rights, therefore,
Uttohcd, That we claim, as one of the first
rights of American citizenship, the privilege of
extending our aid, our sympathy and support
to all classes and all people who are struggling
in behalf of their natural rights, or who are
suffering from calamity or misfortune ; and
more especially do we claim this privilege and
tais right when such aid is required in the de
fense of the lives and the principles of Ameri
ifcioIri,Tbat the people of the United States,
in tbe firm belief that the course of President
William Walker and his associates in Nicaragua
is the only course calculated to bring peace
and prosperity to that unhappy country, and to
establish there a republic alter the model of
our own, are deeply interested in its success ;
and that, while indorsing in the past the pro
gressive and eminently American principles
which have marked his career, they pledge
themselves to sustain him in the future in the
advancement of the same high and liberal aims.
Resolved, That there is no law, and we repu
diate any construction of any law, whether
written upon our statute books, or bearing no
higher authority thin an Executive proclama
tion, which can, or which shall, ex-atriate
Resolved, That wherever our conntrymen may
go, whether in pursuit of their several callings,
in the prosecution of progressive measures, in
the developments and dissemination of free and
liberal principles, or in tne aid or a people
struggling to be free, they have a right to go;
and if, while engaged in such noble and disin
terested enterpr.ses, misfortune should befal
'hem, they have a double claim upon our sym
pathy and support.
Resolved, That the people of th Uuited States
cordially approve of the full course pursued by
the Hon. John II. Wheeler, late Minister of (he
United States to Nicaragua, and that he is em
inently deserving-of praise for the high and lib
eral stand which he took for the defense and
propagation of American interests in that
JcuoImJ, Tha": the rameof Amercan citizen
shall entitle every one who bears It in a for
eign land, whatever may be his misfortunes or
his faults, to the protection of the national
flag, and that we hold and will cwor hold the
Administration of this Government responsible
for the faithful fulfilment of this great impor
Resolved, That the citizens of New York
have twice before called upon the Administra
tion of this Government for some decided ac
tion in regard to the cold-blooded butchery by
tne Uosta Ktcans of unarmed and defense
less American citizens at Virgin Bay ; andnow,
that to the long catalogue of unredressed griev
ances are added to the inhuman murders of
neutral American citizens, and of helpless wo
man and innocent cntidren a Granada, and
elsewhere in N'caragaa, we unhasitatingly de
clare mat we consider it the imperative Uut
of he chief Executive of this Republic to ad
adopt prompt and vigorous measures, if not to
obtain redress for the past, at least to prevent a
repetition of these, sanguinary and brutal
Resolved, That we consider it necessary, not
only for tbe protection of the lives and proper
ty of Americancittzens, but also for grave and
weigaty reasons of national interest tnat a na
val force be at once dispatched to San Juan del
Norte and 5an Juan del Sur; ami that the com
manders of those vessels be instructed to pro
tect at all hazards and under all circumstances
the lives and property of American citizei, who
mar be sojourning in Nicaragua or passing from
ocean to ocean on the greattransit route ; and,
that the people of the United States will sup
port the rresident as tneir onier executive
and the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and
ftavy tf tbe United Mates, in any steps wnich
he may feel called upon to take in the defense
of their national rights, and in the succor and
support of any of their countrymen, wherever
and wnenever my may be in danger or suuer
ing from misfortune or oppression.
Resolved, That in the present critical pHion
of the brave Americans in Nicaragua, the Gov
ernment and people of tbe United States should
lose sight of all considerations except those
which have for their end their speedy succor
or support; and that neither the Government
or the people of the United States should be
deferred by matters of policy, or differences of
political creeds, or by any otner cause wnatev
r. from giving them timely aid.
Resolved, That no more solemn appeal could
be made to the people of this country than the
spectacle of one thousand of our fellow coun
trymen, bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh,
surrounded by an overwhelming force of sav
age and relentless foes, suffering from famine
and privation, and in hourly danger of exter
mination ; and that in their present extremity
those brave Americans in Nicaragua have a
right to look to this country for aid ; and we,
the citizens of New York, hereby declared,
that whila we respectfully and Brmly call upon
this Government to interpose in their behalf,
we claim tbe right, and will exercise It, of giv
ing them such moral, pecuniary, and physical
aid as will result, not only in their immediate
relief, but alto in their ultimate and triumphant
The South Carolina Tax Bill The
South Carolinian publishes the following ab
stract of the tax bill recently passed by that
On slaves, seventy cents.
On free negroes, (tco dollars.
On income from factorage, professions, tc.
Jity cents on every hundred dollars.
un every nunorea aoiiars or capuai biock
paid in on 1st October, and all banks which
have rot paid a bonusfor their present charter,
On every hundred dollars or tne capital
stock of incorporated gas companies fifteen
On premiums taken .by incorporated insur
ance companies, and by agencies or compa
nies and underwriters out of the State, one jer
On every hundred dollars of tbe amount of
sales of goods, wares and merchandise, (pro
ducts of tnts state, ana manufactured products
of the United States and Territories excepted,)
sold from 1st Jauuary, leSO, to 1st January,
ISS7, fifteen cents.
un sales of goods, wares and mercnandtse,
of transient persons or non-residents in the
State, in any house, stall, or public place,
On theatrical performances and all other
shows, ten dollars per day.
(E3 The Legislature of South Carolina ad
journed on Saturday last.
Fron tl "Cotirt of'poleon." tj P. D. Oxxlrieh
Pauline Saneperte-lltr Early Letts lltr Mamcgt
with General LtclercThe Xtpeillian to St. Domin
goTks Widow's WeedsDn CamUlo Borghett
Extraordinary Scent at St, ClcvdPautint's Rtci-p-Hontner
Tattt in DrrttiT. Jules it Canouville-
Pauline's Impertinence to ittrte Louise Her Jtan-Uhment-IItr
Ffctt to XepaUon at Elba Her Appeal
, to Lord Liverpool Her Death at Florence.
Marie Pauline Bonaparte, the second sister
rt Napoleon, and the most beautif ul, wayward,
fashionable and dissolute of princesses, was
born at Aj'accio, In 1780.
In 1796,-at Milan, Pauline married General
nharlm Emanuel Lerlen:. who had already
rendered Bonaparte efficient service in the Ital
ian campaign. Pauline n simer assenteu to uie
alliance nor did she reiect It: she simply yield
ed to her brother's desire that it should be con
summated. Professing, and, doubtless, feeling
the most complete Indifference to her husband,
she soon entered upon a career of intrigue and
Infidelity. Lafon, the brilliant young trage
dian of tbe Comedit Francaise, was one of her
first lovers. This connection became pumic
then, and has become historical since.
Bonaparte soon formed lhe plan of repressing
the Insurrection of the blacks in St. Domingo.
An immense fleet was formed, of which Villa
ret Joveuse was made Admiral, Leclerc obtain
ing the appointment of General-In-Chlef, with
thirty-five thousand picked men under his com
mand. Pauline was surprised and alarmed at
receiving a requisition cot from her husband,
for that she would have Ixeated with derision
but from her brother, to accompany the Gen
eral unon his expedition. Leclerc himself
would gladly have dispensed with the society
of nis faithless and capricious, mougu ueauu
ful wife. But the First Consul dreaded the
possible scandal which h5r conduct would oc-
1 ..... . . 1 ! l " i
casion, if lett alone, ana accoruingiy msisieu
upon her following her legal guardian to the
tropics. "Good heaven !" she said to Madame
Junot,"bow can my brother be so hard-hearted
and wicked as to send me into exile among
savages and serpents. Bes:deslam ill, and I
shall die before I get there."
The spoiled child here :sobbed with such vio
lence, that Madame Juoot knew of but one
means of consolation. She accordingly took
her by the hand, and told her that she would be
queen of the island, and would ride in a palan
quin ; that slaves would watch her looks and
execute her wishes ; that she would walk in
groves of orange trees, arrayed in the bright
colors of a Creole costume. By this time Pau
line's hysterics had entirely ceased. "And do
you really think, Laurtte, that I shall look
prettier than usual in a Creole turbau, a short
waist, and a skirt of utriped muslin?" She
then sent for a package of bandana handker
chiefs, one of which Madame Junot fantasti
cally knotted into her hair. Her delight was
unbounded when she found that the country
where she had expected to be devoured, might
be the scenes of new triumphs in the toilet, and
afford her an occasion for innovations in fash
ion. "Oh! those lovely mountains," she ex
claimed, "we will have a fete every day and a
ball every night."
While the General wan organizing his fleet,
Pauline was preparing her wardrobe, Mad
ame Germon, MMIes Despaux and l'Olive,
Reroy, Copp, Foncier and Bieunais contributed
each in their department, to the more harmless
of the two batteries which the Equadron was to
convey across the seas. Had the flag-ship
l'Ocean been captured on her way, the enemy
might with good reason have wondered at tne
prodigious store of articles of female apparel
and adornment they would have found compris
ing her cargo a singular equipment for a ves
sel bound upon so severe an errand. They
might also expressed surprise at the luxurious
arrangements of the ship at its boudoir, its
conservatory, its mirrors, its pantry. Its love
ly passenger meant to have no possible desire
ungratined, and her reluctant husband and her
indulgent brother were willing to yield to her
inclinations. She sailed from Brest in Decem
ber, 1801, the whole squadron consisting of
twenty-two frigates and thirty-five snips of tne
"Tne first Consul wiihed that his sister,"
says De Silgues, "like another Cleopatra,
should embelish with her presence and her
charms the admiral's vei.sel : in spi'e of her re
fusal, she was taken tc Brest, and there put on
shipboard. This rigor of Bonaparte towarrs a
sister whom he seemed to love tenderly, aston
ished the public ; but justification was found in
the assertion that the princess was violently
in love with a 3oung aad briliant comedian,
and Bonaparte saw no surer remedy than to
put 1,200 leagues between the beauty and her
Two poets were sent cut with the squadron,
M. Esmenard and Norrins. The latter has
left an account of the voyage and the campaign,
too poetic to be altogether reliable. He rep
resents Pauline as reclining upon the quarter
deck, and surrounded by her court the officers
of the staff and reminding all conversant with
the classic maritime Venus and the Galatea of
lhe expedition was disastrous in every sense.
General teclerc proved totally incompetent,
and the splendid army under his command was
well nigh destroyed by battle and fever. Th
general died of a lingering disease, and Pauline
caused his body to be embalmed and placed in
a triple cedar coffin. In this coffin she con
cealed her jewels and treasures, and embarked
with them on board the Swiflsurc, homeward
She retured to France in a costume very dif
ferent from that in which &e set out she
went in bandanna and returned in black. On
reaching Paris, she gave way to a paroxyisra
of grief and despair, whicn seemed too osrn
tatious to be sincere. She even cropped her
luxuriant hair, and for a time refused to be
comforted. Society doubted the reality of her
almction, wnile Aapoieon openly sconed at it.
"Has Pauline cut off her hair?" he askeB.
"Then it is because nhe knows it will grow
again, richer and thicker than ever."
"Napoleon desired that she should wear her
weeds with propriety, and consequently placed
her under the care of his brother and his wife.
Her inclination for retirement did not last long,
and she reproached Napoleon vehemently for
keeping her in confinement. "Oh dear me!"
she said. "I shall certainly sink under this
If my brother determines to shut me from the
world, 1 shall put an end to my existence at
once." To this General Junot, wrio was pre
sent, replied that he bad often heard of the
Venus de Medici, of the Venus Anadyomene,
but never of a enus huictde. lnis comparr
son revived the disconsolate beauty, and she
requested her former imitor to come and see
In lb03, Bonaparte's plans for making him
self Emperor were nearly completed. An op
portunity now occurred of accustoming the
French to princely honors and titles in his fam
ily. Don Camillo Borchese the heir to the
finest villa, palace and picture-gallery in Itajy,
the representative of one of the most illustri
ous Italian families, Deing compenen io leave
Rome on political reasons, visited Paris, and
was presented to Bonaparte. The latter con
ceived an affection for him, made him a French
citizen and Major of a mounted Tegiment in
the Consular Guard, and speed. ly made a match
between him and Madame Leclerc. The Prince
was under the middle size : his countenance
was handsome, but without expression. His
education had been much neglected, and his
principal accomplishments were those of a
skillful swordsman and an experienced iockey.
The marriage took place on the Cth of Novem
ber, 1803. Pauline wai thus the first of Bona-
Earte's family to wear a coronet. The fau
ourg St. Germain smiled and said, "Well, one
of them is a real princess after all7"
The ceremonious pretentatioa of Pauline, af
ter her marriage, to Josephine, was an epoch
in her frivolous and fantastic life. Her de
testation of Josephine was so ill concealed
as to be notorious, and which arose from jeal
ousy, led her on this occasion to make a display
of magnificence such as France had hardly
witnessed since Louis .XV. Josephine, in her
domestic differences with Pauline, acted solely
upon the defensive; sne accepted a contest-
forced upon her, and which she did nothing to
provoke. On this occasion one which, from
the circumstances of her sister-in-law's mar
riage, foreshadowed this regal destinies of the
family she resolved to dispute with her at
once the palm of beauty and the supremacy of
taste. The presentation was to takn place in
the grand saloon of St. Cloud, the furniture and
decorations of which were blue and gold. She
adapted her toilet to this condition of the ac
cesjoiles in the midst of which she was to ap
She wore a dress ot white India muslin,
thought the season was winter. The skirt was
more voluminous than the prevailing fashion
warranted ; this innovation was one of her own
suzcestlng. lha lower hem was trimmed with
a sinrle band of cold, of the width of tbe fin
ger. Tha bodice was heavily draped in thick
folds, and fastened upoL the shoulders with two
rrolden lions' heads, set in black enamel. The
girdle, embroidered with gold, was attached in
front by a clasp of black enamel and ;old. The
sleeves were short and full, descending but lit
tle below the shoulders, and displaying the
wearer's remarkably handsome arms.
Her head-dress was that represented upon
antiaue cameos. Her nair was gathered into
a knot upon the top, and enclosed in a net-work
of golden chains, crossing each other at right
angles, each square containing a black enam
eled rosette. Her necklace, bracelets, and ear
rings were of the same material. Docaparte,
on cominir into the saloon, was st uck by the
beautiful, though seversly simple attire, and
kissing Josephine on the shoulder, said, ''Why,
I shall be jealous, josepnine .nave you uesins
vuatii wuwi- "UH TtATI.t.., . . - . t I
you liked to see me In IS?1. ""I 1 POtine with great In
In white ; nothing more '.rVe.,. , Je are,iS 1 de Montreion,
ic to niease tne.
voulij... ',"!" Jvu
o'clock, but as the had not made h 'ght i
anccai uau-paat eight, Bonanaw.i- I -rx""
nnrt tIIt,A tnh. -iki.'.r"""0 10" patience
her first chamberlain- the flatL?ILnf e.?s' ?ith i th?6l her h'usbam Leld'o sumptuous vice-re-i
,. l,u u 'i . c "ltenng title piven rt ,.... n.-.f. 3b: ,.
ana reureu ic nis cabinet. The
her first chamberlain ih. .u
by the public to her hnaTi T"!"nf Vu? I
g title given
ter-nast nine. and r, VMat I""- i
brother. The splendoi of her eonl."
unprecedented since the commeneem.vl
Revolution ; her carriige, builtfor wL , I ? diplomatic fiction, waB supposed to repre
nity and decorated with the arm, nf h. 8ent the Emperor 'if the French and King of
outrider before and another behind and f I ' tlonarie9 ot e government, as if attending Na
lackeys bearing torches, completed'th. 1 PoIeon himself. The second dignitary was the
ill. Vllo,!. 'n,.-' , u pomp Of , GoVemor.f?n.T.l-l. .U,.t.A th.imn.rimx
.r.nn.,n. an .I. ". were
h r::,-7. .r''vi""rBjithe BtpUb.
" Monselcneur le Prince t .a
cesse Borghese." The company assembled In
the parlor rose to their feet, Josephine tol
directly in front of her chair, without advan
clng to meet her guests ; and on the appewanee
of her resplendent sliter upon the threihold
showed by a passing flush upon her cheek, that
the lovely and gorgeous apparatlon had snt a
pang to her heart. Pauline was that night a
marvel of beauty and a miracle of efflugence.
Her robe was of pale green velvet. ThI
front and hem of the skirt were absolutely
loaded with diamonds ; the bodice and sleeves
embroidered with diamond wreaths and dia
mond clusters. Diamonds encircled her neck
and enlaced her arms. Herdlidem was com
posed of emeralds set in diamonds; and ber
bouquet was formed of emeralds, diamonds
and pearls. Golconda had been rifled for this
incrustation of gems, and the princess who bore
the burden, was worth, on this memorable oc
casion, exactly three millions and three-quarters
in jewels alone!
Josephine promptly recovered from the shock
of Pauline's unequal loveliness, and the con
versation became general. The following dia
logue ensued between Pauline and Madame Ju
not, who was present at the introduction :
" Well," said the former, "how do I look to
night?" "Delicious! At once beautiful and magnifi
cent." " Oh, you loie me. and so you spoil me."
" No, I mean what I say, child; but why did
you come so late ?"
"J0h, I arranged that on purpose; I was
afraid of finding you at table. I do not mind
missing Napoleon; it was Josephine that I
wamea io meet ana crusn. un, juaurette, see
how disconcerted she Is! Oh, I am so happy 1"
ri . . 1 A. : . , . .
iruai makers mat. ' i uo noiiove neri jsne ner august husband, which he has just mani
meant to annoy me, just now, by not advanc-1 fested before me in the most touching manner.
Ing to meet bib, and thus making me cross the
salon, but she did me the greatest favor, on the
nun au, v,
" Because x. y train would not have had time
or space to Unfold, had she greeted me half
way; as it was, every one could see and ad-
mire the whole of it. After all, Josephine is
well dressed! White and gold make a fine con-
trast with the deep blue of the furniture and lusion. The younj man in the dressing gown
hangings. Oh 1 dear me ! Ah 1 mon Diev i" was M. Jules Se Canouville. This connection
" Why, Paulette, what is the matter?" i came to Napoleon's knowledge in the follow-
"Why, did I not think of the color of the ing manner:
room? And why did not you, Laurette you I Alexander of Russia had given him, at Er
who are my friend and sister why did yoa not i furth, three superb sable pelisses. One of
put me on my guard?" I these the Emperor sent to Pauline, and she
"You knew as well as I, that the grand salon; gave it to her lover. Some days after, at a
of St. Cloud is blue." j review upon the Place da Carrousel, M. de Ca-
" Yes, but in my anxiety andhurry, I forgot ( nouvllle's horse became unruly, and threw the
it, and so I have come here in a green gown to masrres into confusion ; the rider thus attract
sit down in a blue chair ! Iam sure I must be ; ed Napoleon's attention. lie observed that
hideous 1 Green and blue ! What is the name j the pellse given to his sister had been trans
of that green and blue revolutionary ribbon ? i f erred into a hussar's dollman. "M. deCa
Oh, I remember; ' Prejudice overcome.' I must i nouville," he exclaimed in a voice of thunder,
be very ugly, dear, am I not? The reflection "your horse is too young and he's blood is toe
of these two colors must ruin me. Well, It can't hot; be good enough to go and cool him in
be helped now. Come with me back to Paris, Russia, fhree days afterwards tin young man
r . . . . . . . . . . t n - i r . . . . .
"Oh, no. Think of your husband and your
honeymoon that I should interrupt"
" Honeymoon ! Honeymoon with that idiot I
You are jesting, I Buppose."
" No, I was serious. But, if I shall not
break in upon a tete-a-tete, I'll accept your in
vitation, and return with you to Paris."
the prince and princess soon set on tor Kome,
son br uentrai J.iciere, and
the only child she ever had, sickened and died,
it was at this time that Canova executed the
statue of the princess perhaps his chef-d'auvre.
It is a semi-nude figure, modelled from life, and
represented as half reclining upon a couch ; the
manner and expression strongljr recall the Venus
of Praxiteles. The statue is known as the Venus
Victorious. Pauline, whose audacity in reply
was often as remarkable as the irregularity of
her conduct, furnished Rome, and, indeed,
r. 1 1 . i . ,, i i
her surprise that tbe princess should hatetub -
mitted to such an exposure of her person.
"What, you, raadame, you were yourself the
model, and in Canova's studio ? " " Oh, dear
me, yes ; why not? There was a good fire !"
The sister of Napoleon supposed that Madame
Junot referred to the inconvenience of the ex
hibition, and not to its indelicacy. "There is
in this reply," says CapeGcue, "a dash of that !
cynic impudence of the Roman women in their
decline, which the indignation of Juvenal has
Srandoil tur h!a flannt in nmnleYii '"
The vouns bride soon tired of her husband,
whn in n m.-aiiri tmq in havf AmfTvttl the
humiliating title she had given him at St. Cloud.
She could not be prevailed upon to remain in
Home, and, late in tne year o. icuj, uasieneu
back to Paris, leaving Don Camillo behind her.
She graciously granted him permission to ioi
low, or to stay away, at his choice. For a time
he chose the latter.
Napoleon had nowbecome Emperor, and was
beset by a passion for royalty. He made his
brothers kings, and his sisters he gave duchies
and principalities. On Elisa,lhe eldest, he be
stowed the Republic of Lucca and Piombino ;
Caroline he made Grand Duchess of Berg; then
came the turn of the princess Pauline. She
was created Duchess of Guastalla. " Even a
mole hill," we are told, "seemed too much for
her to govern. Had there been kingdoms in the
air, as in the time of tbe sylphs, she might have
been enveloped in a pink and blue cloud, richly
nrfnmiri anrt n rifn in thnsft fortunate
regions were the sceptre of government is a
a Ti,;- K T. AiA f .nit
DJJIlgUL 1JUYIC19. IUIDj uuncicij
her : her tears and her pretty airs amused her
brother for a time ; but as it was not in his na
ture to be natient, he became angry at last.
The Princess Elisa discovered that Lucca and i
p;nn.kinn ,!.. m inrininxiiricn. Sh
Europe, wun a tneme ror scanuai, uj dicmaik. auucucs. oac ds ua uiai occasion uie nose
made in reference to this statue, many years ' perfect embodiment of beautjr that can beiim
later, to Madame Junot The latter expressed j agined. She wore upon herTiead a light casque
complained : the princess Caroline complained; j Madame de Contades, who would never ac
the princess Pauline complained ; it was acho-' knowledge Napoleon's glory or bis sister's beau
rus of grievances. "Once for all," exclaimed I ty, once mortified Pauline excessively, by call
the Emperor, "what does all this mean? Will ! ing attention in a ball room, to this unfortunate
these ladies never be content? One would really
think we think we were sharing the inherrit
ance of the late king our father."
As Napoleon divided the week, Pauline's
evening for reception was Wednesday. She did
less to promote gaiety and sociability than any
member of the family. She was too indolent
to make any other preparation than that of ber
own tone:, betore-nana, or to listen uurmg ujc
evening to anything beyond her own praises.
She was negligent of her few guests, among;
whom were a very few handsome women a
circumstance due to a speciai contrivance of
her own. Her list of invitations was drawn up
by Duroc, Grand Marshal of the TulIIeries,
and when he proposed the name of any one of
whoss appearance Pauline was jealous, she
usually induced him, by pretty airs and arch
objections, to erase it. 'Sometimes he hesitated ;
" Why exclude her?" " Oh, I shall be there,
and you can admire me Duroc, as much as yeu
like." She would then smile, and Duroc would
draw his pen through the offending nam. And
thus the peerless beauty was tranquilized.
With the single exception of Josephine, no
lady in Fiance displayed greater taste in dress
than Pauline. In fact, she thought of little
else than the prosecution of her intrigues and
the occupations of her toilet. Her entrance
into a ball-ro-ra rarely railed to elicit a mur
mur of admiration ; on one occasion, says an
enthusiast, she absolutely illumined the palace.
She wore, on the evening in question, a dress
which she said should immortalize her, and up
on which she was engaged for seven consecu-
.1. , r 1 1
ttve days, to ice exclusion oi any ouier avoca
tion. Her head-dress consisted of narrow
bands of soft fur, of a tiger pattern; these
bands were surmounted by bunches of golden
grapes, rter rooe was or line inaia musim,
with a deep bordering of gold, the pattern be
ing grapes and vme-ieaves. tier tunic was
Greek in form, and displayed her figure to ad
mirable advantage; it was attached at the
shoulders by fine-stone cameos. Her girlie
consisted of a gold band, the clasp of, which
was a richly fashioned antique stone. Her
beautiful arms were adorned with bracelets
formed of gold and camoes. Pauline possessed
one quality, rare in so pretty a woman ; she
did not compromise her beauty by affectation ;
or at least, her sense of her own matchless
loveliness, as she manifested it in her imnner,
went no farther than what may be termed con
sciousness. Don CamUlo subsequently returned from
Rome, and was made a prince of the French
Empire oy napoleon. Me disttneuiaiieu uim-
self at several of tbe Prussian battle-fields, and
in 1808 was made Gov'ernor-Gener&l of Pied
mont and Genoa, which Napoleon had uist an
nexed to France under the title of Depart,
dents beyond the Alps." He at once set out
for Turin, his capital, taking Nice, where
Pauline was spending the winterfor her health,
on hts-way, for she had consented to share his
new dhrnitv with him. Her imperial highness
was a poor traveller, and bore the fatigue of
ipatiecce. The equerry,
sand ample occupation in
oumnr a fortress oa cushions aroumi uie mus-
lieved each sthtf rf the duty of sitting upon
iecr, to Keep ic Havana,
Panlini.-tr!. ,.Ali irVSntnted in Turin, a!
Her fin: position did not please her,
for she had expected to be first, and found her-
!f,,fJ 0nI the tWrc- Cr,t tary of
i Z ' ra ont waa an hsupid arm-cbair, which
Governor-General.' who mbiected theimnrrious
and haiiphtv Tl.iVi... t rs-jttalli fnfh in-no
I indignity of being Inferior In official importance
to hlmseir. So Pauline abandoned Prince
Camillo at Turin, precisely as she had doae at
Rome, and returned to Neullly an I Paris. Her
husband did not seek to retain or to recall her;
he continued to administer the Goverment with
success, and to entertain foreigners with hos
pitality, till the fall of Napoleon in 1814, when
he restored Peidmont to Austria and returned
to his patrimonial palace at Rome.
Pauline, upon her arrival in France from
Turin, divided her time between the Turileries
and her chateau at Neuilly. She had never
witch io conceal Intrigues with the various
gentlemen who wr .'a,i...,.!iir th heroes
h transitory attachment; she now sought
PJW'cIty and scandal.; lhe most conspicuous
J her laisons, coming to the knowledge of
napoleon, ended fatally fortheyoung man who
was the object ot it, M. Jules de Canouville was
a young, courtl; and dashing colonel of the
nuzzars, and so became the favorite of the
princess. Not satisfied with the conquest i:-
seir, ne desired 'Le reputaUon of it This he
soon obtained anc 'o bis heart's content. The
court dentist, M. iuqeef, one day received a
professional -sumi ora from Pauline. He was
conducted to het voudour where he found
very elegant you - nan. negligently clad In a
dressing gown. e wis gracefully extended
"j-"" sum, Bui engirt -tn uenusc io ue
careful of the ti h of his Pauletter." The
Innocent Ma Bouh aet naturally took this con
siderate gentleme to 6 Don Camillo Borg
hese. He promised t o use due caution. Through.
out his stay the supposed husband enjoined
onujraiuua dueiHion upen tne operator.
As the dentist left tbe apartment of her im
prlal highness, the la lie of the household,
the chamberlains, tc;, gathered around him,
j and Inquired the result of his visit. "Th
i princess is dolngyery well," he replied, " and
. " oe-grauned at tne tender attachment of
His anxiety was very great, and I could with
difficulty convince hin cf the safety of the
simple measures I proposed. I shall acquaint
every one witn wnat I have seen. It is agree
able to be able to eite such examples of co
jugal love in so eleyattd a rank. I am really
quite penetrated." Tne ante-chamber was
convulsed with laughter, but the good dentist
was allowed to deparffull of his generous il-
; qnuiea i-aris upon nis exile, leaving rauiine,
tor once, in a etate ot genuine atuiction. bhe
sent a messenger once a fortnight to see him
and to speak with him, as a letter did not sufi-
ciently tranqnilize her. Al. de Canouville be-
havedwell and distieguishedhimse'f inaction
He was accidently killed by-the discharge of a
cannon, after a battle which would have enti
tled him to promotion. The portrait of Pauline,
surrounueu witn diamonds, was round upon nis
i person; it was coureyedto Murat,who return-
i ed it to nis sister-in-u-jr.
The inconstant process, who had already
bgun to forget her l?tr ia his absence, forgot
him completely upon ins death. She soon re
sumed her fashionable career and plunged with
more ardor than ever into the elegant follies of
the court. " She was one evening," says Ma
dame Junot, " to represent Italy, in a fkney
quadrille, to be danced in the theatre ot the
, n. : i r ck. . i t .l.. .
jof burnished gold, surmounted by small tos-
trich feathers of spotless white.' Her botom
was covered with an a;gis of golden scales, to
' which was attached a tunic of India muilin
embroidered in cold. A most exauisite Dart of
her appearance was her arms ami feet; the
r - ; I 1 ;.t t . . i i
luimcr weie rucircicu vuu oraceieis, ju wmcn
were encased the most beautiful cameos be
longing to the house if Burehese; her little
feet were shod with sJender sandals'of purple
i silk, the bands of which were gold: at each
Doint where the latter crosKtd unnn tha lee.
! was attached a magnificent cameo. The s;
1 which held the acrris on her bocotn wan of until!
I gold, and the centre was ornamented with that
' most precious gem of the Bergbese collection
, uit uvmg uieuusi , m an iuib juauiuceuijc
! was added a short dagger, highly embossed
with gold and precious stones, which shejear
I ricd in her band. Her appearance was that of
a fair appan.ion, almost without substance,
' and. as it were, celestial.
'She was indeed, an elegant nymph. Her
statue, by Canova, moulded from herself, is
that of an enchantress. It is asserted that the,
artist corrected defects in the leg and bust I
have seen the legs of the princess, as I believe
all have who were moderately intimate with
her, and I have observed ao such defect ; indeed
the perfection of their make may be inferred
from ner waiKj it was siow, Decause sne was
an invalid, but the grace of her movements
showed that hr limbs were happily formed.
How finely herhead was inclined and now beau-
! tifully it turned upon her shoulders I "
1 .mi h: on nhvieal defect, howevi
She had one physical defect, however, which
almost amounted to a peformity. Her ears
were too thin pale pieces of cartilage, without
curl or curve. This caprice of nature was more
remarkable from the contrast with her lovely
features. A rival belle and naugnty legitimist.
, disfigurement, fche notice, her reclining upon
a sofa, under the blaze of a chandelier. "What
a pity," she said aloud, "that- such a pretty
woman should be deformed. I declare if I bad
such a pair of ears, I would have them cut of."
Poor Pauline burst into tears, and soon retired
from the room. She revenged herself upon
Madame de Contades by calling her a May
But Pauline could act as well as weep. She,
with Madame Mere, followed Napoleon to Elba
in uciouer oi uie same year, out aoanuonea
the frivolities and gaities to which for years
she had been accustomed, and devoted herself
with untiring energy, to furthering the plans
formed for his escape. She placed all her jew
els at bis disposal ; Napoleon never used thent;
they were in his carriage at Waterloo, which
waa taken by the allies, and exhibited for
money at London. The diamonds had disap
peared, and it was never known into whoss
hands they had fallen. On the-2Cth of Febru
ary, 1815, she gave a ball to the; prlndpal per
sonages at Elba, and that very sight Napoleon
stepped on board the brig I'hccnstant. and
weighed anchor for France. Pauline and Na
poleon never met again. She returned to Rome
and he to Paris, from whence, by way of Wa
terloo, he passed on to St. Helena.
Pauline, who had never liked Josephine, liked
Marie Louise no better. Not long after the
arrival of the archduchess in France, and her
marriage with Napoleon, she took occasion to
insult her in a manner so public and insolent
that she drew upon herself exile and disgrace.
In the midst of the brilliant throng present at
an official reception, and behind the back oft
marie louise, sne raisea uer iu-mu auu nugcr
to her forehead, forming there a construction
similar to that worn by FallstatT when dis
guised as Heme the Hunter, and thereby indi
cating the treatment her brother might expect
from his Austrian bride. Marie Louise saw
this extraordinary piece of pantomime In a
mirror. The company laughed, while Napoleon
scowled. He had" but lately miudiated his
wife, and he now determined to baaish his sls-
Ur. Uhe ordtr to that encci. aa jiujnry,
wr. ia orusr to tuav rv
ana I'auitne witnurew, u4pn-,
... m , n,h., ,1 Pirn, lrhr, .
Tl. V hKr.nU,bAnJ cele,eiliten Don
she led a brilliant and careless existence. Hon
Camillo remained steadfastly at Turin.
Trine far. vice and excess had bn the most I
conspicuous features of Paulines cunduct: she
iiow showed herself capable of hert-ism, ftcri-
uce and devotion,quauties wuicn urn worm uas
a right to expect of those who,tho4.;h cot born,
are at least bred, upon tho steps of R throne.
She had spent the winter of S(- at Nice,
and at Hyeres, In the South nf Kf.tnte. On the
20th of April, Napoleon left Fontnltebleait for
Elba, after what has been stlgmatxtd as "a
scene of desertion never equalled In kny ace of
the world terrjlversallons too hldlous to be
credible, If not recorded by y xtltnesses."
Pauline (julUcd Uyrti In order 14 ireet htm
near Frtjus. white wMUnc, hn ltnid many
of tU ftfnl lU0uU which vta excited, by
the passage or tha jCorsieap.tyrsnt." 5c saw
bis statues overturned and! his life met ced.
Tbe brother and sister met at Luc, a two
o'clock in tbe afternoon, OB,the 26th of a pril.
Napa'eon'entered the chamSer ot the prir :esa ;
she extended her arms, butlburst into tears on
seeing that be wore an Austrian uniform as a
disgnise. "Why this unifbrm?" she asked.
"Why, Pauline," returne'd Iapoleon, reproach
fully, "would you have ml dead?" Pauline
looked at him steadfastly. Hid said, " J(einwt
embrace yeu in that attit Obi Napoleon,
what have you dons!" Napoleoa withdrew
and changed bis costume, ' He relumed in the
uniform of the Old Guard. Pauline pressed
him to her heart again and again, astonishing
those who bst knew her lythis unexpected
1 i t:
DonXIamillo was now coapelled, by the re
storation of Piedmont to Austrian rule, to re
sume bis allegiance as a Reman subject. He
refused, howerer, to see orftecelve his wife ;
but the Pope took the matter into his own hands,
and appointed a committee ci uaruinais io ce
clde upon a, method of reconciliation. The prince
was ordered to snare nis paiace -wuu uie
princess, and to place onejiondred and fifty
thousand francs a year at her. disposal. He
obeyed, but ungraciously, anthnaiir retired to
.Florence, wnere as omit a paiace tor nis own
private use, leaving to her tbe undivided con
trol of his supexb establishment at Rome,
Pauline waB still marvellously beautiful,
though her health was delicat, and her con
stitution impaired, sne was surrounded wiiu
admirers, the most ardent of whom was Lord
Brougham, ne was admitted to the mysteries
of her toilet, and she allowed him to sit upon
the floor before ber aad hold her feet in his
hands. He was also permitted, as a great
favor, to hand pins to her dressing maids, when
theyneedej tnem in tne arrangement ojuer
person. '-' How can you take pleasure," some
one askel her, "in the society of men whdfim
nrisoned vour brother at Su Helena?"
" Uan you not understand,- suerepuea veuc-
mently, " that I enjoy the sight of these men,
j ' i - it . . .
once so arrogant, now iiumoung uiemseivea iu
the dust of my sandals? Can younot see that
the complaints of that British peer art sweet
music to my soul. He stands for hours to
give pins to my waiting maids, because they
are to teuch my person. He has the courage
to confront the caprices of woman, bat be does
not care io gpeaK ueiuie uis i driiameat iu uc
half of that woman's brother, that he maybe
more kindly treated in bis accursed dungeon at
St Helena. And this man hopes that 1 nay
love him ! Ami the others hope that I may
love them ! If I had neither heart' nor soul,
perhaps I might ! Let them ldre on and suffer
Pauline became convinced In 1S21 that Na
poleon was dying at St. Helena. Siie wrote a
tetter to Lord Liverpool, then prime minister
of England, in which the earnestly begged in
tbe name of all the members of the family,
that her brother might be remorei to a less
dangerous climate. " If so reatonible a rea
sonable a request be refused,'' she said, "it
will be pronouncing bis sentence-cC death In
which case I beg permission to deaart for St
Helena, to join my brother and receive bis last
sigh. 1 feel that the moments cf his life are
numbered, and I should forever reproach my
self if I did not use all the means in my power
to alleviate his sufferings and testify my devo
tion." The Earl of Liverpool granted the lat
ter portion of her request, buttoo late. Napo
leon was already dead at the dats cf Paaline's
She now sank into a rapid decline, though
she continued to live in a constant whirl of gaie
ty, foreigners visiting Iiome formed heri
principal society; they found her receptions
and entertainments hospitable, refined and
sumptuous. Early in 18:25, she went to Pisa
for a change of air. It was evident to herself
as well as to her friends that she eould not long
survive. She now performed the last eccentri
city of an eccentric life. Though possessed of
no fortune whatever, and living upon the forced
bounty of ber husard. she composed and exe
cuted an imposing instrument, which she called
her will. In this she mad large nnd numerous
legacfes, forming in the aggregate a sum of
princely magnificence. Don Camillo now re
called here to Florence, where a reconcill.ation
was effected and mutual forgiveness extended.
The Princess Borghese expired In the arms of
the Prince, on the 9th of June, 1325. With a
generosity of which he hardly seemed capable,
an.l which she had certainlydonenothingto de
serve, he recoguized and paidtthe behests that
she had made without considering the state of
Napoleon often mentioned Panline at St
Helena. He considered her, the handsomest
woman of her time, and said (hat artists were
accustomed to speak of her asthe moJern Venus
de Medici. When at Nice, she established, he
said, a daily line of baggage wagons to and
from Paris, to bring her BU.-slles of tbe newest
fasbioBS. " Had I known itjt na added, "she
would have been soundly scofteJ. After all,
she was the kindest creature m int world."
. . BH0KEH HZABXSD.
Softly ! . '
She is IrtaiT
With hr Hps spirt.
She is dytae
Of abnionheatU' .1
Whisper t I
She Is colas t
Whtspefi' L . ;
L is grewfnc "
, J- - Dim within herbreisiJQt
Gently! i i?
' She is sleeping i(
She has broithe j aerjlast.
Wb.il yoa are wetplcgji
She to n aren.bas pastl
SEAD-OW'S. - p
Oh, the shadows tbe b-aatiftl shadows,
Fioatiag far or'e tbe h'Bs aay :
As orer tbe shy
Tbe )i:ht clouds tr, ,
So over the mount aias triadetbry.
Oh. the shadows the beaatttal shadows.
Sleeping soft on the meadows green"
. Fair as the Bowers
In snnbrlcht bowers.
Bat fairer the flowers ttosa shiJts between t
Oh. th: shadows the beantifnl shadows,
Paaeic; light on the ocean spray;.
Changing each ware ,
From gay lo TaTe,
Like the frowning smiles ot a cbtM at ptay.
Oh. the shadows the beaaHtwt, shadows,
Siakleg deep in the B.t&Xiale;
Where the maataav seem
As If viewed la a Jrim, (;
Aad a world cf pcrer beantyizasx .-
Oh. the rhaitows the beactlfnlfshadoWs,
In the world wlthoct aadtheworid w tibia:
For Joy may borrow it
A charm frosa uriew, I . .
And Charily smiles on repeating sin.
Oh. the shadows the beaatlfalishadawf,
Falling soft on the dszaled rld.n ; '
When the tender tnonghtj '
, By memory bronght. i
Tempers the glare ot Hepa etytuiu
Aad there are shadows mereital shmOews,
Dropping the balm on iho bleeding heart ;
When first It knows
That lore's flan glows ,
Stronger and purer when Joys depart.
Then bless tbe shsdows the bfantlfa) shastars :
', And take this thongbf as yott gaie abroad :
i That In hearea and earth
Shades owe their birth j
To Light and light is the shadow or Got!
Vindication or a New Theory The De-
jictios or Murder. A aeries of experiments
haw recently Deen made nyajr. bollock, an oc-
cnltst or Chicago, to test the truth of an article
published some time since by a celebrated phy
sician in England, which alleged that the last
scene viewed by a dying man would remain im
pressed upon the retina as does the impression!
upon a aasnerreotype piate. in each, experi
ment that Dr. P. has made, he has found that
an examination of the retina of an ere with a
miseroscope reveals a wonderful as well as a
beautiful sight, and that in almost every in-
Stante'there was a clear, distinct, and marked
impression. We put these facts upon recoid,
says'the-Prm of that city, in the hope of awak
ening an interest in the subject, that others
maybe induced to enter upon these interesting
experiments, and tbe cause of science advanced.
The tecent examination of the eye of J. H.
Beardaler, who was murdered in Auburn, con
ducted, by Dr. Sanford, corresponds with those
made elsewhere. The following is the published
account of he examination:
" At first we suircested the saturation of the
eye inn weak solution of atropine, which evi-
dentlTTlproduced an eniargeu stale ot tne pupil.
Onfobsjirlne this, we touched the end of the
optic nerve with the extract, when the eye in
stantly became protuberant. W e now applied
a powerful. lens, and discovered in the pupil the
rude, worn away figure of a man with a light
coat, btstue whom was a round stone, standing
or tli,caaed Jn the air ,Tith a small stake
. 4K ...k n.. .
lh nctriil iuc caiuj. Aug nwaumci
w evidently Jost from the destructlo
. ... .' , . .,1i; frnm ih
ot tlie optic and its separation from tha mother
v. iim I-,. ..i;,. In tr rnrV-et. vith nil ila
poxyerfttl connection with the brain, there Is not
tne leaaVdoubi but that we should have de
tected thf' lait idea and impression made on
the salad and eye or tne unfortunate man. aoe
thing would evidently be entire, and perhaps
we should have had the contour, or better still,
the exac,t figure of the murderer. The last imjres
slon before death is always more terrible on the
bralBjifrom fear, than from any other cause,
and figures impressd on the pupil more distinct,
whidj-vrSiattribute to the largeness of the optic
nerveanUt3 free corcmunication with the brain.
(HHoaJSritpiallory has been re-slected
U. vSenitoffrora Florida,
, 1 1
JU K. P. WATSON bss removed hi efita to So. II
Hdia itrett, orerA. J. Vontkoaerj'i.
Latus and Shingles.
B0GE2T.kWITrrfm matins Laths, aniareal
witj prepared to supply tlie public wlttt t&a tit ar
lid a' reduced price. They are al-o mailDl ShlBSles,
and tr.ll zeep a apply cocit jntlj on band, itffl oa Woll,
rtrer. abore the Bayou. Joty 13. 'SS-lr .
A SMALL BED POCEKT BOOX. or Porte Vonale.ejt
tataing a mtnof maary, val locad In oar itore.
Sta Decesuser last, w&lcn tee owner can jet oy prtrss
XCST RECEIVED Per iteameriifttor, 100 b4W. Ftoor.
J Jantilw BARX3TT WALTER.
FEOIC thJi;of Desoto county. Miss., H. W. BAS3.
chars-d wlta th manter of S. W. PhMpi. Said1
Bass Is aooct six fl nun, Care oalr mixta Ki tnj.
aooal th'rtT-n years or are, nearly DMoa. "
"Also, LEMUEL, a sure cturzed wtlh the mauler et
ureen suiuag saui negro a ot a mac eoier,
atoot Are feel ten Inches ntrh, -veiz&s afeoat 149rlM
poand. aged between ZH and 25.
I will tvtt szgo tewara tat eiiner or laea, cr S4ur-ir
toth cr them. 3. D. NICHOLS.
Itot-lf Sawlf of Dtaoto owasly, Miss.
A. Young; Lady,
WHO has had twt years experteoee ra her profession,
wish-s a slltuUco as Assistant is a Pemate School.
Farmerermastoqaalincanoos. etc , apfiy at this ot-
c, or address J. T. L-, CoMerTilie, Ttan
TWO ihwotaB'l Cre hasdred panada test BeMsr :
190 boxes W. K. Cbces;
lPODOl.. St. Loai, FVwr;
10 cuts Oar Sides;
10 boll. Lard, 23 legs Lard;
23 ba; B. W. F".oor;
60 cases Byass Load Parttr, peats and snarls ;
10O desea IIw tetter's Brttcrs;
to bWs. Harris' A ;
SO bolt Crackeii, 23 dasea Broom;
SO bl ss Cof , 5 t.ercei B ice ;
60 box -s Rail as.
Also, Oranges, Lemons, Pkzs. Goeoaaais, Alamdf,
Tobacco, SardUMS, Oystro, PlcUes, Cljira, ie. r or silo
ty J.r prank,
Jn No 3g proat How.
TTTE respecttany caU yoar attoatioa U oar (xteaslr
V Y stnek of Hardware. Cotlory. Gim. Preach Wtasov
Glais, Siji, Caattags, XetaM, and aU other arMates la
oar line raited to the trade ot this sectioB of cosatry
moat or watch has either been hsprtil braadtreel toa
Earope, or selected from tb best laetortta la Amarica by
oar partner resident ua tbe Esst.
Tbe recent addltiB ot another store te oar pmairH,
enabled as to establish a eeOT.altat
WHOLESALE SAMPLE XOOif,
entirely disemaeetrd from th retail braach tt oar tsiSt,
and we teei assared that VerchaB'- win foaiatt thearewa
interest by looking bate tats reeea aad sahtag tsxtr te
leeiieas. None bat good aad p net nil aoa aeed aaaty.
caless aeesmaanieti with Use cash.
L0WNK8. 0B6ILL & CO.,
1Z aad It Fmt Bow.
Jaa4 New Tortt Ogee, Plait street.
WE hare jast received from the Colberts ad Blrsr
fill assortment aad heavy stock or tho
Celebrated '"Stacker" Iron!
Including Wagoa and Sandy Tire, Flesxh aad Scrape?
Slabs, assarted PSoegh XoaMs, Horsf-shoe, Nan-rod.
Bound. Square, Oral, HaU-orJ, Scrap, it, lie., or tTtrr
required dimensions. Alto
Warranttd Bellows, solid bcx (and other) Vices, Xkso.
bol Anrils Sledge aad Hand Hamroers. Smiths' Teags
Stocks and Dies. Flat, So.aare and Octagon Cast S4eel
Enfish and American Blister, Germaa Steel. Borax.
Horse-nails, Fortabie Pomes, ic., &. Appiy to
LOWNES, OBGILL & CO,
list 13 kill 11 Front Baw.
JEST ReceiTCd, hetyy abipat&ts or Plocfsr, emaneter
rarieas sraes of "Llringstoa Coaaty," aoeegit which
are sereral haadred ef the celebrated No. 11. AIoDoaMo
ioiK-bcard. Seb-toU, HiH-ide, Harrows. CaktTaters,
and is eadfcss variety of aad necessary AgricaHaral aad
Uertiealtaral implements for partkalars ef which, sea
oar llUstrated Catalecse, (araished gratis & oar Msn.
LOWNES, OBGILL A. Co..
)" 13 asdlt Frost Bow.
irire - Proof
FACTS SPEAK LOUDER THAN WORDS!!
A r tin" great flrei which broke oetia Warren aadil array
u. streets, Xex Tor, 9th SovnUr last, wheio twoy
ercy to tbe amount of
600,000 I !
was d-slroyed, seroral of tb-oe Safe's were tested with,
remits similar to the following r
Stw Torsi, Xr. M. ISotJ.
Editor : la the Ore at .No Warrea-stot, oa
the morning oi?h- 9th last, car nm. TataaMe books aad
pspers were n posed for 3d hoars 4a one or Soars
Marvin's Kre-Proct Safes. ,
We say tn proof, aot becaase they re hfbfrf bat
becansewehaTsoirodthem. Oar hooks aifVinr
cam oat nr. DJored, sare the bJadtac- or tfce books. oSl.
stoaed by steam. fi
Oar store was fire stories above grossd, and' two'sto-
mm sniar io garroi. TDasUnVsurl
of tbe heat can be attrsted by any aremaa wr- waesso4
Xo fa mace coa'id be eaatriTed by tbe isgennlty of sua
to create a more intense heat. We ToieatarHygiTa thu
triasts to the tiIob of thrse Ssfes, aad seieet yoar wMeiy
circalated commercial JoBraal to inform tha raercaartta
eommoatty what estimate to place apoa Stearas ijfsr
rin'i Wilder Patent Salamander Safes.
HAVILAXD, BARREL i. RISLKT,
. , Whvksale Proggist).
In this roaa-zioa the Haaafactarers write as: "We hart
made these Safes orer It yea s bare soM oer 9 500
ITad 2M tested ia accidental ftres in the Wait-A states aad
Oatada, and sever yet had a easterner to loss a dollar by
are frosa oae of taem. We think thiy haveeainrd a hit a
repetition, as they ar- readily soM aerei iasrefereaeo to
0th?rSafe,sat6tofi0nceat.lesS7riea." A faH stock
kept coastaaUy oa haal by
LOWXR3. ORG ILL St. CQ.
Agents for Stearas fc-Marria.
J7LOTR-W9 bbls. Ftoar in store-and arsIby
,an3-dlw BARXETT fc tfjALKKg.
POTATOES SCO sks. K-scbinecis io stem aacLfor aala
hr JanJdlw BARMETT WALILER.
BUTTER 159 arkias fresh Bailee, ia stemand for sals
by faaa-dlw QA RyETT- 3t WALKER
ROPE 100 coils Rope ia start aad for aaleby
jaa3ilw flARXBTT &. WALTER.
tXTHiSCT 40 bMs. aad SS lutf sots. h,stre aad for
VV a le by Jan3-dl w BARNETT St WALKER.
FEATHERS 20 bags OaeFathers,'tn store aal ferula
hy jin3-dlw BARKeTT St. WALEEA5
B05RB0X WHISKT ( bbta. OM Bitboa Whisky, im
slo'e aad farsak by
JaB3-dlw BARXH7 Sc. WALKER.
BRANDT 33 H aad H casks la store and-Jar sal by
iiaJ-aiw BARSBTT jtTTALKgt.
PI E FRUIT SO boxes Pie Fr ait, lu store aad tor sale by
JatO-dlw 'BARXETT 3t WALKER.
J. E. ClIADWICK'S ADTEHTISEMEXT3
"Will Always be Found In This Column.
PERSON'S wishing to know what he has' to sH,cr
what he may want to hay for aay of his .easterners,
will be sure te and it in the last column, ob IheSECOXS
PAGE. Remember that, and Kase yourself ' the troatla
of looking all over tho paper. '
AH bastneM entrusted to xae win ho atteadod to car I
;ally and with dispatch. . k
Office Madison Street, opposite uklanJJaalu
INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE AND GEXX2AJ.
Efnn Fire and Inland IVavir
tion Insurance Company,
CAPITAL AND SUT.PLTS Sl.OOO.OOi,
Hartford Fire Insurance Co.,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS 1 fcWO.OM.
Charter Oali. Life Insurance Co. 1
CAPITAL AND ;CRPLC3 ...;..$ 100,00.
POLICIES issued on reasonable terms, v Losses eqalta
bly adya ted and promptly paid.
FOK, SALE Tbe lot oa la Xorthwest-corner ot
Gayoso anl UeSole streets. Size, 83 By 0 ft;'crtAja
ing a good fra re dwelling, with fucr stoats and base
ment, and grocery stand on the coraer. Tdl boisoln low,
if takra sooa. Apply to J. E. CIIADXICK,
Memphis Land OtSce, ifadlson-sr,, opp. UaloalRaak-.
FOR. SALE An excelieaw Framed. Hiiaje,, contain to
Nine Rooms, oa Pontotoc street. HIS A good Clsteia at
tached. Possession given unnKdtatetr. .
FOR SALE Seven Acres of Laad, eoverrfwjtu fin
fruit Trees, within half a sUle of th sjyjlMoa tha
UernandoPlaakRoad. Iuiuireot ' "
J. E. CUADWICK, JtaapMs Lasd9eie,
FOR SALE. A Three Tears Lease of atnlco aad
convenient Frame Owell.ng, ceatatasag foar .rocms,
kitchen and servants' room, with a good wji of vtater,
about iO choice Fruit Trees, stable, and aboatsix acres
of Sne tillable Land, suitable for rnleatDsftJnrposes, al
within one and a halt miles ot Court S;sir- l&qulra o
J. E. CHADWICrf .
seplJ OpconRe Dnian. Riny
ATRTjstt, raUhful colored WTjilAN", WajatjdSij a
nurse for the ensuing year. Oao txrefeacedla
l....Mkl.j.ll n. illntiHwM11.it flili
CLOT 11 ING
UUUU9, at actual cotijer ccjo. i
Orio; to a chang; in our basinets, wb o?Sr atactaal
cost ror casA and cash only, our entire stock of WolbJag
aad FuntMhing Goods. As the hatlaess .must baolosed
ap, and to do so the stock mast be soU. persIu Ga wjat
of Goods la our Lae, will find it to thlrJvafttLg to
give na a can. EELDER. JOHNSON,.
No. 3 Clirt's itarbl4B5ck.
Q Eaqairer copy three months. " ' , Jtj
ALL those lade bled to me, will Had ttrto the!? interest
aad credit in futare, toNcaU brAhe lttofyJaaaary
next aad pay. Such as does sot eeraplrftwlUibt totti io
pay and prompLy rtfued credit any toqar V.
dec30 Cvmxardal Bstl.(
rnrryiwaw nrsntock au semvrr io5t'E,
O tpt3 HANCOCK VOJARt,