Newspaper Page Text
TffESDAYORKTNG JAN. 13t 1857.
EOUTHEEH PACIFIC EAIBOAD,
It cannot be doubted that "th
connecting the Atlantic and Pa
road is now assumin; a highly
acteraad that the mists, which hi
enveloped the subject, and clol
visioaarj cast, are fast fading away before the
light of investigation and the darbtglenierprse
ort&eage. Four or fnre. years ago the who!
1 . . 1 .
lejjaraett oy practical people as
jnereaythl lie suggestion -of constructing
Railroad through jb tininbabiteil and sarage
wlfteraess, nntroWwr by any human foot, save
that of -eiateryMndJBF Indians, who roam
over its plains for plunStf, cuW scarcely be
realized by (be mind, much less acted npon by
capitalists who saw no profits in that direction
at least none that were not remote and "uncer
tain. Besides this, until the Tecent surveys
were ade public, the popular mlpd was pene
trated by serioas misgivings as to the practi
cability of any Railroad route across the
Rocky Mountains and their parallel chains.
CoL Thomas Hart Benton, it is true, had an
ingenious theory of his own, by which he de
duced the practicability of his favorite route
across the aountains fromlhe direction travel
ed by tie bu&toeej tut thapeoblewere not pre-
pare4.weMs-WshtT4bateto those sa-
Sb amis aia, mf waKnTiee!eralea Ujem
into the aost qpntrate an reliable engineers
inth kwtM . The world sUH doubted the prac
ticability of any route discovered by buffaloes,
and capital, proverbially cautious, refused to
be controlled by the happy theory of Colonel
Bentok. It is now, however, an established
fact that the Southern route by El Paso is en
tirely practicable in every respect, the grade
across Hie pass being easy, wood and water
sufficiently abounding along the route, and the
c lunate rendering it entirely exempt frata beig
locked up by ice or ravaged by disease. Added
to this, the soil for the larger portion of the
route is fertile, well watered an i susceptible of
producing nearly all the great staples of com
merce, wool, cotton and cereals.
In the districts included in Ike Gadsden pur
chase, and in New Mexico, Sonora and lower
Cakforaia vtsi fields of inexhaustible mineral
wealth, of gold, silver, copper and coal are
known to abeamf. There is no region on the
globe which pseees so saany and such valu
able advantages with respect to said climate
ami fee mieeral productions of nature as this
proposed route to the Pacific. When the rich
bounty offered by Texas to the Company
which shall bwHd this road is added to these
considerations, and the fact that a ions jide
Company of wealth, influential and intelligent
men in Kew York, have already occupied the
neld with their engineers, and with a force of
four hundred hands, the Southern Pacific raii-
riMu Btgiiw w jooai up oerore ine mind a
Imposing and probable reality whir- -n
strip ill other roads,, andb - will out-
wacda and enterl- " r off the rich re
ero seel the- , honor, ef having first
b Je" aatinent of North America with
'. ,Mbtiv and naked together the Orient
and tite tWlieat by the most magnificent high
way of bmMH-ce that the veriest vissioaary
ever dreanted of. x
When we look at the many and the powerful
incentives that are here presented to capital
ists to embark in this great enterprise, and the
certainty of an immense profit upon their out-
lav, together with the permanent fame that
must crown their exertions, the wonder rather
is that any elay has occurred in arranging a
prajet for constructing the Pacific road. ,
But we raay be asked, "what guaranty is
there that the present Company mean to car
ry oat and succeefulry prosecute the work?"
We answer, that soch guaranty is found in
their high position in the commercial world,
they being eminently practical and successful
men, not givei to kiteflying or merely specula
tive projects. And, next, in the influence and
confidence which they can' command to raise
the .means for the prosecution of the work.
And, next, to the fact, which addresses itself
most powerful to self-interest, that they can
make incomparably more money by pushin
ihroigh4he great work than by selling out to
any other company. And, I astir the paternity
of thisicKy enUWRTiftt wi (confer renown
ME7PSMeB to saHsfv the ambi
tion of lie aodevaleil wntsWfHJfrrs at ainbi
Uon's shrine.- :Ehe men wfee contribute their
woailli api&ieats to such an undertaking can
MMmnlv to th Welvea the famous lines of
the Latin poet:
' . Acre ftrennUis."
' Tkeysrill, indeed, have built a monument to
4)"es second only in Us commanding at'
iveness to that of Coxvxbbs, the discov-
Mrf the new world.
: it will brine- more to them than did the
andftiiscevery of the unfortunate Spaniard
It watt All their coffers with untold wealth, and
wiHcmtt to them and their heirs a lever of
poWHc&rf iniaonce whkh alone, of all the in
ted with it, "gives us pause" m
at the magnificent future it
We hae received the secad number of the
iMmowf, a newspaper started on the 1st of
January, at Qrecada, Miss., by Messrs. Hanc
ins & Duval. It sake a fine typographical
appearance, and its selections and editorials
are good. It is an independent sheet, and sue
ceeds the Grenada News. We wish the pub
lishers great soccece.
The Granada Mtvublican comes to ub this
week h nek'' enlarged and otherwise improved
This- betokess tht its proprietors, Messrs.
DaTk fc Williams, have met wHh good en
coitraceaentfrom the public We teMer them
Tk ci pa 1 election held in Jacks en,
the Stfa i58, fr the ensuing year, resulted in
tk! v.Vctimi of uvk. HmxranpiSTir-.
Oa ttiev5ih,inst. R. W-Wood, Esq., was
elected Mayajr oXNatcbez.
Ax Avexti JfThe Gallatin Srgus, of the
AitaSf av took nlace in this county last week.1
between Geo. W. Fnrrj Esq., ad Sir. Jefferson
Cook, in which the latter was stabbed in sev
eral places, and daugefcously if not mortally
wounded. A judicial investigation -of the case
will take place in Gallatm op Friday next.
The Grenada LocomotiTtfcl the 5h, Bays;
We learn that the Passengt4EEaia"on the
Memphis and Grenada Railroad, is now making
daily trips to A. E. StraUon's&five miles this
side of Senatahoba Station. "jeMcAlexander
&. O dell's line of coaches connect vith the
tsain tit Strattoo's. v
PbeAchebs TXsjlV. Rev. Horatio CI. Pek
bt, fnarly trf Oxford, Miss., died recently in
Jackspyort, Arkansas. The RevaXJoscru
IufEflc many years a resident of Lafajette,
county,,!., died on the 5th ult. -J
g" Thlrlgthousand passengers were.r
ried last yraby the steamships between
Europe and the'S
ted Statcsa, incluuing kast
. . . ... . . : .
ern and Western
Gov. Bragg, of
on the 1st instant,
at Raleigh, in presence
the two houses of
the General Assembly.
Amep.can Enterpeise. ?
of Boston, who has received tBecontract from
the Russian Government for ralsTzfe jllie veBBeU
sunk in the harbor of Sebastopol, nraji five or
six competitors, among them the CredMebilier
of France, and yet the contract was awarded
to him at figures above all his competitors,
fflfefl- it -tilth a
from his well.known reputation ad succeat rwpekgainsriimrAnu yei
Gibraltar, with the Missouri. He will cTrfie d Ihe'opU's candidate! Chi-
jaence operations in May next..
trrSKtm i i :.iaMaMBaamiBS . " ' --vr ttTaiaMaaaaaWIBtf t-ltaallassl la-ll'Hl Ml llHaaT l lUliI Hi I iPj MWHl MM tf taWrtaailatal I'll! llilllM1aMal . ll' ataaaWIHMawaTaMBaMMPIawaaMaaaaaaaaMa
Ml. U. AS
Gai.lt has become one of the
editors of the Somerville Star.
Samuel A. White, Esq., was elected Mayor
of Knoxville on the 3d insL
Mountain Demochat Is the title of a new
Democratic sheet published at Sparta, Tenn.;
and ondor the editorial management of Col
E. L. Gardeniiire. We wish the Colonel all
the glory and none of the drawbacks that at
tach to the press.
We copy the. following from the Nashville
Union, of ths 8lhinSri
The OrriciAL Vote. The Secretary of
State informs us that the official majority for
Buchanan in this State was 7.4S7, instead of
7,450, as heretofore published. The vote was,
For Buchanan 73,630
For Fillmore; 60,143
WoNDEBrct, Indeed. The Columbia Her
aid contains the following.:
" There is now on exhibition at the Masonic
Hall, a lad about tine years old, having a tu
xnor attached to the small of his back, weigh
ing about seventy pounds, extending nearly to
the floor when he is standing. His frame is
emaciated, all his food being consumed in sup
porting the tumor.
He Is exhibited merely to obtain a support
for himself, his little brother and their mother,
so that those wno visit and contribute ineir
mite to hinuvjiU have the additional satisfac
tion oi jcnowinciujai mev ucbiuw cuaiiiy uuuu
They are from? Hqjmes county, Miss., and
endeavoring to reaeh -Nashville. This is the
largest tumor on record he has two smaller
ones on his back above the large one.
The Supreme Court of" Alabama coninencetf
its winter session at Montgomery on the 5lh
A neTO woman beloninir to MrslPSJ-S. L.
Cochran, of Tuscaloosa, was burnedfloTueath
--. a a-a - Wi-, ,
The Montgomery Gas Company have
vanced their rates from S4 50 to 6 l per-4
We find the following in the Montgomery
Mtcrlisir, of the Sib. inst.
General L. P. Walker. The name of
this distinguished gentleman having been used
in connection with the Gubernatorial election,
he takes occasion at once, in the following
note to us, to say that be is not in the field:
Hunts ville, January o, ivxsi.
ilatn. Ur.dcrteeod 4" Cloud, Montgomery :
Gentlemen-: My name having been men
tioned in connection with the Gubernatorial
election, I deem it proper that I should say at
, mat 1 am not, nor will 1 be, a candidate
for the nomination. Whatever use has been
made of my name has been done .without my
knowledge, and certainly against my consent.
And, in order tnat :nv position raay be properiy
understood, 3rou will oblige me by publishing
Very respectfully, your ob'tserv't,
L. P. WALKER.
John Cobb killed Luke Avert, in Shelby
county, on the 30th ult.
Mueoer. The Elba Democrat, of the 30h
ult., has the following :
We are informed that V-art rndiiH' mur
der was committed Mar"Abbeville, in Henry
county, son.- - A nf0 belong-
r;.lo-. who hail been nun-
.JleI'Jlumu",.""i',r hv his master.
:.fi.a fr eome misaemeanwi )
. , -m..r nF lhe n sht. after Mr.
sawfltunaer tuc -- ---- .
y mrir tne coei
brainBOUt JHrs. wnosej b ......
bv wriUn'hima pass, and escaping from the
houTe "ave the alarm. But the negto before
sufficient force could be rallied made his es
cape, and un to las' accounts has not been ta
ken. A thousand dollars reward has been of
fered for his arrest, and the most vigilant
search is now being made.
A Shirt Without a Seam. A Mrs. Smi
ley, living near Montgomery, Ala.,has manu
factured a shirt without a seam. It is woven
entire there not being the slick of a needle
unon it. The buttons, button-holes, collar,
wristbands, and every particular anout a sum
is woven into it, making it a perfect and iimsn
The gin hosse of Mr. John Alexander, hear
Moateval'iO, was destroyed by fire last weet
Killing a Iecho. A lad named Liffen,
about eixting years of age, was confined to jail
in Montgomery on the 28th, for shoting a negro
in the neighborhood of Line Creek.
PniciD Draft. Mr. John Stanley, (sap
posed to be the same person who brought here,
last vear. a nesro woman in men's clothes,
from Savanah,) is in custody for passing, last
SatHrdav. on Alessrs. roraroy s, uregory
clothiers, a draft purporting to have bern
drawn by our friend John Shackelford, of Ma
con. iuonf. Mail,
A Fine Paving Railroad. The Georgia
Central Railroad, running between Savannah
and Macon, a distance of 192 miles, declared,
says the Savannah Journal, daring the past
year a dividend of 10 per cent, besides carry
ing a quarter of a million, m routw numbers, to
its reserved fund.
Bank of East Tennessee. The failure of
this Bank has led many to inquire as to the
probable value of its issues. In the absence
of anv information from the- officers of the
Bank, we copy tha following from the Knox
ville IVhig, of the 3d inst. :
Bank of East Tennessee. Our numerous
acquaintances residing at a distance, many of
whom have no other acquaintances here to
write to, feel at liberty to enclose us the issues
of this Bank to exchange fer ether money, and
of this liberty we do net complain. But just
here, once for all, let us request all sucu to send
no more. If the holders of th bills can get
anything for them where they are, Ihej- can do
as well as to return them to this market. The
Bank here, as well as its two branches, has
suspended payment, and, as we have good rea
son to believe, will never resume again. From-
hfteen to twenty-nve cents on tne dollar, is tne
most offered for the money. And why? Be
cause, the assignment of real estite, for the
benefit of the Bank, prefers certain creditors,
and when these are secured, it is manifest that
little or nothioer will be left for distribution
amonz the note holders. The Bank is broke
and the failure is no inconsiderable one. With
these distinct avowals, we hope there will be
no necessity for our alluding to the subject
The 'People's" Candidate. The elec
tion returns show that Fremont is in a minority
in twenty-three States of the Union ; Fillmore
is in a minority in thirty States, and Buchanan
in nine States ; or, in other words, Fremont had
raaiorities of the popular vote in eigne states
Fillmore in one State, and Buchanan in sixteen
States. In six States, neither. candijale bad a
majority, and these six voted as follows :
Buchcnan. Fillmore. Frcmoit
Ohio 170 871 23,125 187,497
ItHsiOl 105.341 37.451 96,280
lwa 36,241 9,414 41,127
New Jersey 46,493 24.115 23 351
New Teft 195 314 124 20S 275 4 10
.California 49,73 35,071 13.972
6&3,93 253.412 C50.667
These same States cive their electoral vote
as fellows: Fremont, 52; Buchanan, 22.
Though Fremont's vote in these six btateB ex
ceeds Buchanan's by less than 47,000, and is
in a minority over 200,000, he gets three-fourths
of their electoral vote.
The total vote in the Northern Stales is dlvl
dedas follows: --
7remoat...TnT.... 1,335 531
Buchanan 1,219 831
Total vote in the Nerlhern Sat 2,949,740
By dividing this aggregate vote by the num
ber of electoral votes ( 1761 the ratio of popu
larvote3 to an electoral vote is, leaving out the
fractions. 10.700. An annortionmcnt of the
electoral vote of the Northern States, about
"which the abolitionists talk so loudly, upon the
proportion of the popular vote, woald give to
cacti candidate the following number:
- J rrctnont 7. .79 11-16
vi aacaaaau.. .....--.,. to
WtUmore 21 8-16
fTh actual vote given by the Northern States
Ifthe ypte.xf the entire Union were divided
by tt electoral rote, and the several ctji-dateslWere-allowed
the proportion of electoral
vbteaiioiwhicb. their popular vote would re
spectiveisr entitle them, Fremont would have
received tait'juEfety-eigbt votes. In every sense
of the woMiUtls-Ui a nopeiess minority in a
minority of Jstse8. ia a minority of the popu
lar vote NorftrediSouth, and in a minority of
the electoral totevJETbe bulk of his electoral
was obtajueiitiin states a majonty of
w v "- -;-r - rr v.-:'-. .
For the Heapbli Appral.l
The Trustees of Monvreath Halls have read
with astonishment and regret an article pub
lished in the Am-eal of December 24tb, pur
porting togive a true account of the state of
feeling existing between the schools In this ri
cinity, over the assumed name of JCcutraL
We respectfully ask space in your columns
to make our defense. We regret exceedingly
the necessity that has forced us to appear in
the public prints in defense of a cause that
commonly needs no dtftme ; but, we have
happened upon stravse titius, or tiranger per
sons. It is notto be expected that literary in
stitutions, situated near each other, should be
entirely free from a spirit of rivalry and emu
lation; but it is not common that these schools
should become the subjects of animadversion
We, so far f a Monwreath Halls are con
cerued, beg leave to s3y that this article is ma
licious a ltd sraluiioui.
For, although there were some disagreement
and hard feelincs at first, about the erection
of the building! and procuring a teacher, ye:
for the last twelve months we have not heard
of any bickering or hard feeling letween the
teachers, patrons or students cf these schools
growing out of their connection with them.
If this article had been read only by those
who know us, and who have attended our ex
aminations, and thus become acquainted with
the discipline, the mental and moral training
of the pupils of Monwreata, we would have
deemed an answer wholy unnecessary ; but for
the satisfaction of those abroad, who m.iy read
K, tcf puMlcly and emphatically say, that Mon
wreath Halls is not a school of tcandal, but
one of science and literature, and that, too, of
high grade j and that we are neither hypocrites.
' fanatics, nor lunatic," and if Keulral had
been a regular attendant at our weekly prayer
meetings, he would have learned that the read
ing of the holy Scriptures daily, in tills Insti
tution, has not been tr. rain, for several of the
pupils have lately been hopefully converted to
This Institution embraces two departments
male and female. The male department is un
der the Rectorship of Mr. S. S. Robinson, late
Professor ifTAndrew College. The female de
partment is under the Rectorship of Dr. T. J.
KiLrATJucu, (who is Principal of both depart
The Trustees, at the close o? the second year
of the existence of this Institution, take great
pleasure in being able confidently to recommend
it as one of the best in the country for the edu
cation of either males or females. This they
do not prospectively but from actual experi
ence. We have sent our sons and daughters to
this Institution we have attended the monthly
rehearsals and public examinations, and from
these exhibitions of mental and moral culture,
we have formed our judgments of the merits '
and advantages of Ibis school. At the
mencement of our school, we hoped much fcm
the recommendations which the Doctor bvou-ht
us of his success and popularity as a. teacher
at Jackson and other places, but our. anticipa
tions have been more than realized the suc
cessful manner in which he his. managed both
departments of this school. He is, emphati
cally, a school man, and devoted to teaching as
a profession for life. He posaessus, in a high
egree, many of the essential qualities of a
good teacher. He is a graduate of the Nash
ville University, and in addition to his literary
studies, he iag taken a regular course of stu
dies In medicine and theology. On tha subject
of government, he combines the two extremes
into a happy medium stale, being neither too
lax, nor yet too severe. The government of the
gehool Is uniform and impartial.
This Instution, although eminently classical,
does not neglect the English language. The
classics are studied here, in order to ob
tain a more perfect knowledge of the English,
and other modern languages. In a word, the
English language is studied hete, no less than
Greek, Latin and juatitwatic. Thore Is more
attention civen to reading English here than
in any other sqhool with which we are acquaint
ed. Education ia a daily exercise with every
Another .excellence in this school is the thor
ough manner in wbich the first principles of
arithmetic are taught. The different rules are
so simplified and illustrated as to bring them
down to the comprehension of every class ; in
this way the study of this book is made to con
tribute a large portion of facts for the disci
pline of the mind in the art ef thinking. The
course of studies is various and extensive pu
pils can pursue any branch they may desire as
successfully here as at any college. We will
as soon as possible procure chemical and phi
losophical apparatus. Then our school will
be equal to any in the country.
The influence of the two departments upon
each other we find to be salutary and this is not
confined to the male department, it is mutual
They stimulate each other. There is a legitimate
spirit of emulation created between them. The
boy does not like to see the girl take the highest
place in the clans ; nor does the girl like to see
the honors go the other way. Both are more
easily governed, when they are so near that
the least Irregularity is likely to be known to
the other. Thus they are made to assist each
other, in two important particulars, the im
provement of the mini and morals, for every
one knows what man would soon be, removed
away from the society of females.
The music of the female department has
salutary effect upon the boys. Music will nev
er lose its powers to charm while man has
faculties to perceive and appreciate its beauties.
This added to the moral and religious ad van
tages of this Institution, renders it a desirable
place for youth of both sexes, that wish
to obtain a knowledge of earthly.sciences, and
also that knowledge which will go with them
beyond the bounds of time. The Scriptures
are read alternately, by the pupils, every morn
ing, at 'he opening of school; and every Sab
bath we have Sunday school, in which the
principal book read is the Scriptures of the
Old and New Testaments.
Mr. 3. 3. Robinson, who now fills the chair
of Mathematics, is a member of the Methodist
church, a scholar and a gentleman of high lite
raryand scientific attainments We expect
his connection with the school will be peruia
Miss C. C. Law, who has charge of the
Music Department, is a member of the old
Presbyterian church, a graduate of the female
College at Columbia. She has had some four
or five years experience in teaching music on
the Piano and Guitar. We are highly gratified
at the evidences of her success as a teacher of
music, and hope to be able to inakeh-r comi'c-
tion with this department permanent.
Airs. KiLrATWCK, who takes charge of the
young ladies tbat board in her family, is a lady
of no ordinary attainments, in everything that
pertains to ths training cf young ladies in the
duties and accomplishments that adnrn a lady
and mothers will do well to commit their
daughters to her care and training.
In conclusion, we cordially recommend this
Institution to parent? and guardians, who de
sire to have their children trained up for use.
IL A. DOUGLASS, Pres'l.
THOS. J.STKATTON. Scc'tf.
REV. J. WILLIAMS,
T. N. ALSOBROOK,
B. M RUFF,
R, B. ELEJ8,
The students" of Monwreath Halls savvln
at.Bwer to the poetry of- Neutral :
"Be thon a spirit of health, or Wln damned,
HrinETlthancc airs from JieaTen, or blasts jrptnjjlil,
B- U jr Intents witked,r charitable, "
xoou eom-K in seen a questionable stupe,
According to-preylous nolics the students
I met In IbeJrsPrlalbarid'oi njotjon. p. g.,MpR-
bis was called to the Chair, and J. L. Hinds
appointed Secretary -The Chairman in a few
"brief remarks explained the object of the meet
ing ; which was to take into consideration so
much of an article published in the Appeal of
Dec. 2ith, as referred to the students of Mon
wreath. The following was adopted as the.answer to
that portion of this'artlcle :
"We, the students of Monwreath Halls, beg
leave respectfully to state that we do not now,
nor never havf entertained any hard feelings
or ill will towards the pupils of Messrs. Bu
chanan and Wyche) and further, we de
clare that nothing has occurred between the
pupils of these schools, from wbich such an in
ference could be made: hence the assertion
of Neutral is not founded on facts, nor of legl
timate inference. We close all communica
Hons with Neutral, with theas significant
words of the poet :
He that i ah xny psrsc, ileal trull ;
But, lie who roU me of my rood name.
Takes that vblch not enriches Mm,
And make me poor luiteol."
B. S. NORRIS, CAairman.
J. L. HINDS, Secretary.
Monwreath Halls, January Oth, 1857.
22?" The Charleston Jtfereurw takes strong
grounds in favor of a direct trade between
Europe and the South.
Ship Building in Maine. One hundred
large ships, averaging one thousand tons bur
den, were built in Maine in 1856.
Foreign papers state that all the Eng
lish mechanics are to be dismissed from the
Russian service, and Americans to be employed.
The Locomotive. Explosion. G. Oliter,
a brakesman, and Michael Rowland, an. en
gineer, were the persons killed a few days ago
by the explosion of a locomotive on the Cen
tral Ohio Railroad. The Wheeling ?rm savs
The fireman ways thrown to a rreat heiehfc
and fell at some distance from the track, en
tirely divested of his clothing and badly scald
ed. Another man was also scaldod. and some
forty hogs wore killed, or badly mutilated. The
boiler turned a complete, somerset and fell be
side the track completely shorn of machinery.
Two-heavy driving wheels, with their axle,
were blown some one hundred and eiehtv feet
from the track, passing through the top of a
tree ai a ueignt or pernaps roriy reet, and
breaking ofT a huge limb.
LATKS FBOSI YASHESGTON.
Washington, January 7. It anDears from
documents sent to the Senate to-day bv the
President, that thejrefusal.'of Mr. Dubois. Min
ister of the Netherlands, to testify in the Her
bart ease, was grounded on international law on
the Constitution -of the United States and on a
special law or o ar own enactment, and after hf
had a consults tion with the diplomatic coip-j.
He states th.a't he was the only impartial sp .c.
tator of Loe proceedings at Willaid's Hr,tel,
which resulted in the death of Keating. He
would nave had no objection to being awit-
nessl u ma position
as representative, nt hia
Government did not prevent him from. -annar-
'.og in a court of law where he would b subject
iu . iusse.auiiiiaiiuii. .niiuuu'ii n was
against his wish to decline Mr. M.accy's invi
tation to tjstify,he was ready to g o bo the State
Jjepartment and there give thf u eta'.Is of what
he saw in the presence of such persons as Mr.
aiarcy inigui iuiiik necessary.
Mr. Belmont, our Xiiinisier : o th? Hae-ue. bv
direction of Mr. Marcy, brour fat tb e conduct or
ilr. Dubois to the notice ,f th- Kin", who
was ill. Approving me proponition of the
Minister, he expressed thewaruieat ieelin-s of
friendship for this Goverr jnent. Such testimo
ny as Mr. Dubois proposed to frive would not
have been competent in a court of malice, and
it was, therefore, deel .ned by Mr. Miircy.
Senate- Mr. Jiaya darffuedaErajiistlheiieht
of Mr. Harlan to a seat When, he said, two
integral bodies are Co perform an act, both must
be present at the rinu,or it can't be constitu
tionally done. Ia th nresent case, if in ailmit-
tej that the beuate. tf Iowa, as a body, did not
Piri.icip.iie in tue -election, nor did a quorum of
that body vote op that occasion; therefore, Mr.
Harlan was vr.ted for only by one branch of
the Lag'ulatur e. t
Mr. ioater replyinz, said, that after the con
vention wa s duly organized by the concurrence
r t'.i. In ..1 -c J.-T-:-lI
v- via ucucb ui uic .LiCg;iBiaiuic, xt rema jneu
insesslo'a only by a vote of the majority oC the
couveuriou. iiy the withdrawal or such a
numbev of members as would leav.e' lt3s tt.an a
quorum present, the members ceased to a ct in
tue capacity oc Senators and ileprejentatwes,
b'it were to be counted numerically. Mr. 13ar
lan, having received a majority of the votea of
an tne members or the convention, he was
thereby duly elected. If the sixteen Senators
who absented themselves had all been present
and voted against Mr. Harlan, he would still
have been elected, and how could, their absenco
prevent his election.
Mr. Seward obtained th floor.
The President pro tern, submitted a letter
from Mr. Hamlin, resigning his seat as a mem
ber from Maine.
Iloust Mr. Barclay spoke at considerable
length and much bitterness against the Presi
Mr. Sandridge commenced a speech by read
ing the American party a lesson in return for
the one delivered yesterday morning by Mr.
Davis to the Democracy. He would point
them to the affiliation of the Know-Nothings
and Republicans in the North to break down
the Democrats. The half dozen Kaow-Noth-ings
who acted in this House with the South
Americans had all been slaughtered at home.
He would point them to the ruins and bloody
walks in Louisville, Baltimore, Nerw Orleans,
and other places, and with a general destruc
tion of confidence between man and his broth-
In the two short vears of its existence it
had done more for the Holy Catholic religion
than its ministers could have done in twenty
years. He concluded by vindicating the rights
of ths South.
Ten thousand copies of the report of the
Superintendent of the Coast Survey were or
dered to be printed.
Adjourned till Friday.
About forty members of Congress held a
caucus to-day, to consider what was best to be
done relative to the fifty or sixty River and
Harbor bills now pending in both houses. It
was concluded to unite them all in one bill, and
use efforts to pass them, even over the Execu
The President has transmitted to the Senate
in reply to the resolution of that body a letter
from the New York, Newfoundland and London
Company, in which -the President is informed
that contracts have been made for the rnanu
factuieof a sub-marine cable to connect the
continents of Europe and America, and that it
is expected to have the line between New York
and London open for business, by the 4lh of
July next. As th-; work has been prosecuted
thus far by American capital, and by the effort
of this administration to ascertain the feasibil
ity of the enterprise, it i3 the earnest desire of
the directors to secure to the Governaient of
the United States, equal privileges with those
stipulated for by the British Government. To
this desire, the Lords' Commissioners of the
British Treasury have acceeded in the most
The American Directors say they cannot
doubt that the reservafon made in favor ot the
United States will be deemed of great moment
and therefore ask the President to take such
action in the premises as he may deem the in
terest of this Governmedt may require. The
company will enter into a contract with the
Government of the United States on the same
terms aid conditions as with great Britain.
Her Majesty's Government engaged to f ir
nieh aid by ships to lay the cable, and it is sug
gested thet our recently finished war steamers
are the very best to assist in the business. To
avoid failure in laying the cable the company
requests that the President will make such re
ronmc rxla'Ion to Congress as will secure this
The President makec no recommendation,
but merely submits ths above and the propo
sition of the Lords' Comm'ssionerB.
No reply of Mr. Marcy's afompanieg the
Hakd Up for aK AnotrsiENT. The Rich
mond IFftfj attempts to trace the late Insurrec
tionary movements to the igsues made by the
Democracy . during the Presidential Jjanvass.
Instead of attributing these unsuccessful efforts
at revolt to the poisonous influence of abolition
journals, abolition emissaries, and the simple
fact that such a man as Fremont was run for
President upon the palpable issue of arresting
the progress of the slave power," the Whig
chooses to stigmatize the Democratic party as
responsible for the result. We will not ques
tion the sincerity with which the charge is
maue, dui we suomir. mat it requires a remark
able spirit of fault-finding to attribute to the
imaginary what ought to be attributed to the
real csMie.-PeleTburg Democrat.
(g-God made both tears and laughter, and
both for kind purposes: foras laughter enables
mirth and surprise to breathe freelv.' so. tears
enable sorrow to vent.itaelf patiently Tears
hindefiorrow from becoming despair and inad
p.css tand-laughter is one of the very privileges
of 'reaioD; feeing eppfined to the fytfman.Bpecieg,
OF THE DATS OP SAILING OP THE UKITED STATES
MAIL STEAMERS, BETWEEN IDE USITED STATES
AJfD EUROPE, YOB 1557. "
The single rate of letter postage by either of
the above lints, (ana an the same in respect to
the British lines,) to or from any point in the
United States, (exc pt Oreson and Calfornia,)
for or from any point in Great Britain, is 2-1
cents prepayment optional. Newspapers, each
two cents united, states, and two cents lint
ish ; each coun'.TV to collect its own voslase,
whether the p?,per is sent from or received in
iue uuucu oid teg. uriusu newspapers usual
ly come Britis h postage paid by apenny stamp,
equal to two cents. I ihey must be sent in
narrow bandii, open at the ends. Letters for
the continent; of Europe, to pass through Great
isritam, in '.tie open mail, must be prepaid
cents when, the Atlantic conveyance is by Uni
ted States. -packets, and 5 cents when bv Brit
ish pack ets, except from California or Oregon
whenth.e sum to be prepaid is, in the former
instan cc, 20 cents, and in the latter, 10 cents
lhus, in the one case, the Atlantic seapostagi
is to be collected at the mailinir office, in th
United States : and in the other, left to be col
lecte-3, together with a British trausitand other
ror'jign postage, ai tno oince or delivery, lie.
tveen Great Britain and Oregon and Califor
"nia, the single rate of letter postage is 29
Periodical works and pamphlets may bs sent
from the United States to tne united Kingdom
and vice versa, at 2 cents of United Stales pos
tage each, if they do not exceed two ounces in
weight, and at 4 cents per ounce, or fraction
of an ounce, when they exceed that weight ; to
be collected in all cases ir. the United States:
and the same will be subject to an additional
like charge in the United Kingdom. When
sent to France. Alzena, or cities in Turkey,
Syria, and Egypt, in which France has post
offices, rta Juigtund, or to otner roreign coun
tries, tcitAout passing through the United iTiug-
dom, they will be chargeable with l cent an
ounce, or fraction of an ounce, United States
postage prfpaymmt required.
Single rate of letter postage to or from Bre
men, by the Bremen line, 10 cents prepayment
optional. Newspapers, each 3 cents, being the
United States and German postage prepay
ment required. Letters and Newspapers to other
parts of the continent may also go by this line,
subject to various rates ; for which see Foreign
Single rate of letter postage to or from
France,6v Afurre'tf,20 cents, to be prepaid
! on letters sent and collected on letters received.
! TpiVRnaner. 5 rents parh. to bi rnllprted in
the United States, whether the paper is sent or
Single rate of letter postage by the Prussian
closed man to 1'russia, Austria, and an other the
uerm an states, ju cents, being the lull pos
tage prepayment optional, newspapers, I
cents each, being also the full postage prepay-
men: reautrea. lhia mail ia sent bv everv
steamer, being landed at Liverpool by the Col
lins, and at Southampton by the .Bremen and
The system of registration of valuable letters,
adopted in the United States, has been extend
ed to the correspondence with Great Britain,
Prussia, Bremen, and Canada. Letters ad
dressed to either of those countries will be reg
istered on the application of.the person posting
the same, in tha same manner and on the same
terms as those deliverable in the United States,
provided that the full rostage chargeable to
destination, together with a rrgtstratton fee of
jive cents o eaca tetter, is prepaid at the mail
xs. U. alt letters to and from foreign
countries (the British North American Prov
inces excepted) are to be charged with siugle
rate of postage, if not exceeding the weight of
half an ounce ; double rate, if exceeding half
an ounce, but not exceeding an ounce ; quadru
ple rate If, exceeding an ounce, but not exceed
ing two ounces; and so on, charging iwi rates
lor every ounce or fractional part of an ounce
over the first ounce. As this rule differs from
that followed in respect to domestic letters,
great care is requisite to prevent mistakes.
Postmasters should be careful, also, where the
postage is prepaid, to collect the nroner amount.
They should be particular to notice the route
indicated on tho envelopes of Utters, and to
collect postage accordingly. Letters mailed
at some oliices, marked "rta England," or
"via Prussia closed mail," tor the German
States, are frequently taken upon the prepay
ment of Bremen rates, and those marked "rta
Hremen?7 at Prussian closed mail rates, Sec,
Refer in all cases to the Postage Tables.
The mails for the Pacific leave New
York on the 5th and 20th, Charleston and Sa
vannah on the 4th and 19th, and New Orleans
on the 5th and 20th of each month.
Mails for Mexico will be despatched
tri-inonthly by the New Orleans and Vera Cruz
United btates Steamship line. United States
letter postage, 10 cents under 2,500 and 20 cents
over 2,500 miles from the mailing office; to be
prepaid when sent from and collected when re
ceived in the United States. Newspapers, 2
cents each, to be collected In the United States,
Single rate of letter postage to Havana
and the British West Indies, 10 cents under
2,500 and 20 cents over 2,500 mi;es; newspapers,
2 cents; and to West Indies, (not British.)
Carthagena, Honduras, and St. Jean, (Nicara
gua,) 34 cents under 2,500 and 44 cents over
2,500 miles; newspapers, 6 cents each prepay
ment required. JAMES CAMPBELL,
Post Office Department, Dec. 20, '56.
22?" Jacob Johnson, who murdered Jacob
Stewart, in Hornett county, North Carolina,
over two years ago, was publicly executed on
the 20th ultimo
Siiockino Murder or a Woman by Her
Son. Coroner Noble, last night, held an in
quest on the body of an elderly woman, who
died at a house northeast corner of Com t and
Plum streets. The following is part of the
evidence givon before the jury :
Mrs. Ann Smith said : The deceased has lived
here with her son a week last Saturday. A
week ago she was drunk ; on Monday evening I
saw her son bring her down stairs, he took her
to the top of the Step and pushed her down
them ; she soon came In again and sat in the
porch. I told her son it was a cold night, he
had better bring her In ; he refused a first, but
then consented, and she was put to bed. She
did not appear very drunk. The family are
The fall occurred about 01 o'clock in the
evening. The son told me his mother was tip
sy. She had never complained of being ill-used.
I heard no disturbance among them before.
Half an hour after she was pushed down the
steps I heard another fall, and found her lying
at the bottom of the stairs her son was at the
head of the stairs with a lamp in his had. I
did not see her fall. She could not get up this
time, I suppose from the fall, for she was not
too drunk to walk. The son said he wished
she was dead i he would put two twenty dollar
gold pieces on each of her eyes, and give any
man a cjibck jor viw wuu euuuiu cuiae anu ten
him she was dead.
Tbpmas Tresise deposed; The son's name Is
Edward Budden ; he is a copper plate engraver,
working at Gibson's, on-7tIain street; his moth
er was constantly drinking, she fell into the
cellar some time ago. Mr, Budden complained
to me that he must leave Walnut Hills, where
he was then living, and came to the city where
be could get food at restaurants, for bis mother
got drunk and often had no victuals ready for
him. He was a fine young man of gocd tem
per, and did his best to make her comfortable,
lie is single, and has maintained his widowed
mother since be was twenty-pneyears of age.
The iurv returned a verdict thatthe declared
came to her death'by ilj treatment from her son,
Edward Budden, by being pushed down stairs
while in a .stateiof, intoxication. Cincinnati
Ga:tle, Jan. X
Colllna. J,n. 3 Jan'ry 1
Collins. 17 at
Bremen " 21
Collin i. " 31 Feb. i
Han.. Feb. 1
Cellini. " H Feb. 18
Bremen " 2;
Collins . 11 JIarca 4
Bremen " 21 .........
Harre.. April 4
Colllna. 11 April 1
Bremen " 1R
Havre.. May 2
Colllna . ' i April 29
Bremen " 16 .........
Colllna . " 23 Mar 27
Colllna . June 6 Juno 10
Bremen " 13
Collin. . " 20 Jane 21
Havre.. " 27
Collins . July 4 July 8
Bremen July 11
Collins. " 18 Jul r 22
Harre.. " 25
Collins. Acg 1 Ann. 6
Collins . " IS Ann. 19
HaTre.. " 22
Bremen Sept. A
Cellini . ' 12 Sept. 2
Havre.. ' 19
Collins ' 2S Hept. 30
Sremen Oct. S
Collins. " 10 Oct. 14
Harre.. " 17
Collins . " 24 Oct. 23
Bremen " 31
CoBins. Nev. 7 Nov. 11
nTre.. " 14
Collins . " 21 Not. 25
Bremen " 23
Collins. Dec. 5 Dtc. 9
Collins . Dec. 23
THE C OTTOS' CROP.
From ths Charleston Jtercury.
WASHINGTON, AJSC 180.
Gentlemen: Believintr. as I do, tbat a
systematic enort has been carried on tor years,
in this country and in England, by speculators
and manufacturers of our great staple, cotton,
to swell the estimates of the annual production,
in order that it may be obtained, from its hon
est producers, at less than itsreal and intrinsic
value ; and desirlous, if 1 can, to afford the
planters of the South some aid by which they
may be induced to realize a better price, by
holding their crops until the demand. forces a
fair and just value 1 have concluded to send
you the result of an inquiry, which for my own
sausiaction, l instituted here, and which may
have some effect in accomplishing my object.
i see mat several estimates have recently
been published and sent to England varying
from 2,800,000 to 3,200,000 bales, neither of
which, m my judgment, will liicely be real
ized. It will be recollected that, last rear, wa bad
the credit of making 3,500,000 bales, and, I be
lieve, about that quantity went to the ports ;
but it is well known that, of tbat, a considera
ble portion was of the crop of 1854, wbich had
been retained in Alabama, Mississippi, Arkan
sas and lexas, and perhaps in apart of Louis
iana, in consequence of low rivers and want cf
transportation, until long after the month of
September, the usual time of making up the es
timates. I have never heard that portion esM-
timated at less than 200,000 bales, and, I am
inclined to believe, it would nearer approach
250,000. Be this as it may, 3,000X00 bales
weie thrown into the market from 1st of Sept.,
isaa.toseDL. looo: and aurinir a-war in Kurone.
for about live months of the first of the season,
with a high rate of interest for money in Eng
land, anu a mguer rate or prices lor provisions
than usual throughout the civilized world, and
and yet the whole crop was sold, leaving no
extraordinary, accumulation in Liverpool, and
commanding, at the very last of the sales in
this rnnnlrv. ahont v eentn ner nonml.
In addition to this, it is very' well known that
the crop of last year was more completely sold
out at the commencement of the present than
has been known in many vears nrevioos : and
the present season found Europe in peace, with
. , . " ' . '
no senous falling oil or the provision crop any
where, with no know reason why money mat
ters should be as stringent as last year, with
prices of almost everything ranging higher
Mian usual, and Australia and California yield
ing their usual supply of gold.
Bearing these facts in mind, let me now re
fer to the result of my inquiry, among mem
bers of Congrcsa (without concert together)
from different parts ot every Cotton growing
State in the Union, many of whom are plant
ers, and nearly all of whom left home after the
picking season was far advanced, and whose
statements, in writing, I have before me.
In.lexas, Uen. JlueK thinks the crop will ex
j il i. TOr.tr i , . .
iccu ma ui uj icuvj i.cut., iu cuu- similar accidents.
sequence of increase of land in cultivation, and , There were 89 fires in the United in 1856,
hands from immigration. j -which involved the loss of 183 lives. In 1855
In Arkansas, Senator Johnson estimates the ! there were only 02 fires where the loss of life
crop at ten per cent, increase, in consequence j occurred, and the number of persons lost was
of extended cultivation from immigration. Mr. but 119.
Greenwood the same. Mr. Rust thinks the j The number of fires in the United States In
crop will bo short in his district twenty per 1 1856 (where the loss or property was over $20,
cent. on the lands cultivated in 1855, but makes , C00 at each,) was 227, and the aggregate loss
no estimate from extcuded cultivation. S21.159.000. arainst a !n nt sua rilo nnn at
In Louisiana, Mr. Sandige estimates the croj , 193 fires in 1855. Add to the above amount of
as twenty per cent, short of the crop of 185o. property destroyed by fires, where In each i-
In Mississippi, Mr. Bennet estimates the , stance the loss was less than $20,000. and the
crop at one-third less than the crop of 1855; , aggregate would be increased to probably $27,
Mr. Barksdale the same, that ij, at one-third , 000,000 in 1856, and $18,000,000 m 1855
short; Gen. Quitman at one-third short; Mr. The number of steamboat accidents in 1856
Lake at one-fourth short, and Mr. Wright at was 29-persons killed 35S, wounded 127. The
one-fourth short. number of accidents in 1855 was 27 killed
In Alabama, Mr. Shorter estimates the crop no, wounded 107.
At one-fourth short of 1S55; Mr. Dowdell one- During the year 1850 there arrived at New
third short; Mr. Harris one-third short ; Mr. York 141,915 foreign emigrants, including 55,
Cobb at one-fourth short, and Mr. Houston at , 855 from Germany, 44.090 from IrelanS, and
In Georgia, Mr. Crawford represents the 1
crop at thirty-seven ami one-half per cent, j
short of last year; Judge Warner one-third '
short ; Mr. Cobb one-balf short ; Mr. Steph- j
ens two-thirds short ; Mr. Foster at sixty per j
cent, short, and Mr. Fripfrom thirty-seven and .
one-half to fifty per cent, short.
In Tennessee, Mr. Rivers (Memphis) repre- '
sents the crop one-half ehort of 1856 ; Mr. ;
Wright oae-half short ; Mr. Jones one-third '
short, and Mr. Reedy (Middle Tennessee,) as j
much as last year. I
In North Carolina, Mr. Craig estimates the
crop at one-third short of 1855. I
in Florida, Mr. maxwell estimates tne crop
as short, decidedly, but makes no estimate.
In South Carolina, Mr. Orr estimates the
crop at one-fourth short of 1855; Mr. Keitt at
one-third short ; Mr. Brooks at one-fourth short,
and Mr. Iloyce and myself at more than one
By reference to these estimates, it may be
seen that Texas will make twenty per cent, in
crease extreme; Arkansas ten per cent, ex
treme ; Louisiana twenty per cent, short. In
Mississippi three estimates makes the crop one
third short, And two one-fourth short, wbich
would justify an estimate at more than one
fourth deficit. In Alabama two estimates give
one-fourth falling oil, two one-third, and one
one-balf, which indicates an average of a little
less than one-third deficit. In Georgia, the
greatest falling off it two-thirds of the crop,
and the least is more. than one-third, giving, as
a fair average, but little more than half a crop
ii i l . i. - l' k i - r rr 1 1. - .
most important districts are estimated one-half
of a crop, one at two-thirds, and one fair" crop,
(Mr. Ready's,) where the cotton is manufac
tured at Nashville, and. does not affect the esti
mate at the ports. North Carolina gives a
falling off of one-third. In Florida, the crop
is estimated as short. In South Carolina, the
average deficit is estimated at slightly over 25
per cent. It will be seen from this, that a gen
eral estimate of one-fourth detiicit, on the en
tire cotton crop, would be less than might be
stated upon the above data ; still, however, let
us make the estimate upon that basis, and as
suming, as I think, correctly, the real crop
grown in 1855 to have been 3,300,000 bales,
and the present crop as one-fourth short, being
825,000 bales, we have, as the crop grown this
year, 2,475,000, which will not be greatly ex
ceeded, notwithstanding there is, in all the
newer States, increased cultivation, and a great
er number of hands employed. Many of these
hands can only produce an increased quantity
in their new fields, while their labor is a loss to
the States from whence they were taken.
It may be well remarked in this connection,
that while there is an increase of production
from extended cultivation iu the newer States,
ther! is a corresponding falling off from the
deterioration taking place constantly on old
plantations in the older States. It is, however,
equally true tbat there are hands carried out
from the non-cotton growing States, whose la
labor adds to the annual increase of the
culture of cotton. Therefore, in view of all
these things, in making a liberal estimate of
the actual crop, we may add 225,000 bales to
the number estimated above, which gives the
outside total as 2,700,000 bales, which, proba
bly, will be found to be about the amount pro
I presume it is hardly necessary for me to
say, that no speculative inducement has in
fluenced me in obtaining the foregoing informa
tion. I was actuated, in the beginning, from
a desire to inform myself as a coltot grower
in regard to the sale of my own crop, (which
is more man one-iuird snort of tbat of last
year,) and seeing no reason, whilst nearly all
oiuer products in mis country nave doubled
their former price, why cotton should not keep
peace in some degree : and wishing to eive its
producers at large llie benefit of information
that rnjy be important to them, you may pub-
liBti mis letter, to ne received by ttiem for
what it is worth. Your obH serv't,
The Dg that Wouldn't Emigrate. A
short time since several families left Province
town to locate in Eastern Virginia. They took
with them a large and noble dog, of the New
foundland species. Willie on their passage to
iioston in a small scnooner, tne doer broke
loose, leaped into the sea, and started on his
long and weary passage Home, tie was seen
and passed by one of our packets, near night,
about five miles off Race Point, and nine from
this town, headingfor the Race Light, nobly
breasting tne rolling waves, often covered by
lhe next morninc, at an early Hour, and be
fore the family had arisen, Mr. James Doyle,
to whom the deg was much attached, hearing
an unusual noise at his door, arose, opened it,
and was astonished to behold the noble fugi
tive. Mr. Doyle says when he opened the door
the dog arose, placed his great paws upon his
shoulders, and fairly embraced him, giving
such demonstrations of joy as he never be
lieved any animal could exhibit.
In what nart of the Bay he left his mother.
and what the distance he must have swam, in
a roueh sea, It is not now known, but when
seen he was five miles from land.
This is the fourth time an attempt, has been
made to carry off this dojr. and in every in
stance he has managed to leave 'da his passage
to Boston and return by swimming home. The
noble animal should now be adopted by the
town, haye " freedom or ine city, " and a pe&
slon for life, Princetoisn Banner.
The Coolly Trade. Extract of a lette
from Havana, dated the 25th ultimo:
" Another cargo of 310 Asiatics have arrived
here, decimated from the quantity embarked at
Amojr during a voyage of 226 days. They ar
rived on the 23d by a Holland ship Bellona
Scrivir, consigned to Torreis, Tuentea ic Co.
They hr.vc already been aiiaigned to purchasera
by the speculators in this trade at $170. and
som of thtm resold at f 1P0 ea,ch,
Aid tor Kansas. A clergyman, formerly
a' resident of Erie coucty,Nevr York, writing
from Blooniugton, Kansas, to a friend ia Buf
falo, a ays:
" There Is no hope of relief from the rascal
ly, rapacious cormorants, called the Kansas
Central Committee, who have the management
of the funds sent here for the aid of the desti
tute. A more arrant speculation, a more dis
honest game, could not be played. Many here
are conscious of it, bnt they have said vfo not
expose them till after the elect to.' If the North
knew the rascality in the management of the
committee here, they would send their dona
tions direct to these they wish to relieve, or
send none. God knows the sufferings here have
not beeu exaggerated. A large amount of
funds has been sent, and too much of them
used for different purposes than those contem
plated by the donors. I wish the above para
graph was in print in iJuua'o.-'
Commenting on the above, the Bochester
" We would by no means virtually perpetu
ate the Presidential canvass, nor gratuitously
recall any unpleasant recollections, nor yet in-
ritiltr In wsrtnn mnrnarh tf thna uhnaft mtmm
of duty and political action dirlered from osr
own. That the great mass of those who sup
ported Fremont are just as honest, just as pa
triotic, and just as intelligent as any portion of
our citizens, we do not question, nor ever ex
pressed a single doubt. Nor is it any imputa
tion upon the honeatv or patriotism of that
class to point to the fact that they have been
grossly imposed upon in reference to this 'Kan
sas aid' business : that there is no proof known
to the public of the application of one dollar
of the vast fund collected in various parts of
the country to the purpose for which the con
tributors designed it.
" It is due to the cause of good morals, as
well as to persons who gave money to 'aid free
Kansas, 'that the depositaries should be called
iu uccouuu il uie money was apnueu ac-
cording to the Implied pledges of those who
a.cteJ as agents of 'free Kansas,'" then
tnere can be DO difficulty in establishing the
! faet to the satisfaction of the public. But if
..t i it i i .
it was not so applied, as we believe it was not,
then the exposure of the fraud would consign
its perpetrators o a deserved infamy, and
prevent the repetition of similar frauds in f u
ture. By all means, let us have an authentic
account as to how this Kansas fund was dis
Statistics of the Year 1856. We gather
the following facts from a nnmber of tables
published In the New York Herald :
During the year just tlosed 116 persons were
killed and 539 wounded by 142 railroad acci
dents in the United States. Among the killed
were 26 engineers and 28 firemen. During 1855
soldiers died in the
United States in 1856.
E5T The American Consul at Isle Sal died
at ttiat place Septe.-nber 12th.
rpriOSE dalrens of emigrating to NICARAGUA wl
X please call on me at tbr Worshasi TIOttS. I will alto
vian me snrronBain:cotmtlrs toootaia emigrants. Terms
maae snown oa application. ;v. T. SCOTT.
T. S. I bes leave to refrr to the fetlewieg lenttemen :
i . n. i,arrwi, Jdajor; a. HaniSeid X Co.,
David M. C o.-rin, rpe x Brothers,
Apperson X Co., L. Troasdale.
TX7no h bad twenty y. ars' expet lence In Atahvu
t V wishes a sitcaties. He has twa cood Fittd Haad.
a Xcgro Man and a Xegro Woman, to so wKa him.
dress ArrZAZ. Orrtcr, HemphU.
ANKW and well finished KESIDBXCK. wiia
i e'gfct rooms, on Jfff tmo street, with cistern and
ont hease attached, will be rented law ta a god
JAVB3 A STREET,
Jaal3-lw or SPIVET X CLAKC
LEASE OP THE
NAYY YAKD GROUNDS, &C.
U- ojvawa.aa , iso t tin ik jaunary, iixr?, iae .Nary
Tard Grounds, &c. will be leased, la confonaitT
with the directions of the Board of Mayor and AJder-
laid off Into lots of snltaMe n for residencr or bHlnm
urcu. iiw vruprnr cast or iae vertical wall n bn
beutcs. The other property has been laid off with a view
to mannraciorin; purposes. The Icuta are to expire en
the 31t of Dec raber. 18SS. The rent is ta be paid setal
saanatly on the 15th of JnBe and December of each
year the payment of the s.ttne to be srcared to the t ati-
raciton or iae -Mayor and Finanre Committee, and the
leases te contain a rorfeitnre in case of failure ca the part
"i uiuRuns 10 roejpty wiin ine terms tcereaf.
THOMAS B. CARROLL, Jfayer.
Memphis, January 12th, 1867 janl3-td
L.. O. IUYES.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, Memphis,
. Teun. Offlc? In the Pout OOlce BaiWiar.
Allbuslneiaentraitrdtohis care wIM receive premei
and faithful attention. Collections promptly made in tee
turiuuuuiss counues or v. -st Tennessee, Mississippi aad
X BEAUTIFUL Csttase. wHh six mim. in
the Comarate limltA. withow arrf I air
W. C. AN'BEKSOV.
jjnl3W I5 Mate street
A. U. HIITn....B r. GCTHRIE....GEO. J XOHXAM.
SMITH, GUTHRIE it CO.,
Foreign and llomestic Liquors,
AND AGENTS FOR THE SALE or
Virginia and Kentucky Tobacco,
Tia. SGI Main Street, between Second and Third,
Jaal3-ly LODISV1LLK, KY.
Strayed or Stolen,
FROM the subscriber, at LaGraase, TfBn., oa
the night of the 23U of December last, aa 1ROS
GRAY MASK, abuut sixteen baBds hlxh. fear
years old last spring. She has a small temp est her with
ers, about the size of a large mar We, caused by the saddle.
She was shod before when iue left. No ataer marks re
membered. Any Information will b taaahtally neelrrf
and liberally rewarded by th- ssbtcrteer.
LaGrsnge, Jan. 10, 1857. n. II. FALLS.
53Enqulrer copy tw2w
STOLEN from then sidrnce of That. Saa.ire.
living 15 miles soath of Tlotlr Spring!, oa Frfrtay
nicht, January 2J. one SORREL HORSE, me
dium !, blind la the riahl eye. bu In lhe foe, nvf
mane and fore top, newly shod all round, branded on one
of the ten ihonldera letter not Main a natural pacer.
ai uc huic uv reiutacu 10 mo at wyau, 11148., iheadove
reward will be paid Anr Information concerelnj- hta
will be thansfnlly received and lltx rally rewarded.
Wjatt, MI., Jan. 6, IS5T. J. M. C. KIOTB.
ESTRA YS--S HE LB Y COUATY.
TAKEN up by X. K Eland, on the th day f
uecemocr, ia, a ukauit IIUKSE, eictt years
old, 14M hands high, left hind foot white, asd
a few errev hairs in his farthead: valced
Ally dollars. Said Kasland rrsides in the 11th ClvH Dlt-
iiiti. seven m.ies 5ontnast er atemphis.
Tken up by Thomas nelman, on the 2th day of De
cember, 1SS6, a BAT MARE POXET, five yeara eld, four
feet seven or eight inches hish. no tarksor brsndsper-
Toici vataeu aitmrtyaoiiars htldlUIeman resides
In the 12th Civil Dittiict, a'rautelzht mllea frcm Meai-
Taken up by S P. CJrfrcrv.on the 3d day of January,
' a duuuu uAi uwn.3t. aiuuK, anout three vears
old, twelve or thirteen hand. high, has been Toads ed and
trimn-ed sometime line.-, has collar marks and shoe oa
leu tore-foot ; vaiu-d at one hundred dollars. Said Grc-
rory reshies m the 8th ClvU District, tec miles East of
Tken up by Robert Chnrchwell.cj thetth dayof Jan-
ury, 8 1.1UHI buKKKt, house, about fourteen
hands high, has a soar on hi iltht hind fort, and a white
spot on his nose; valued at fortv-are dollar. Said
Churchwell resides In tie 8th Civil District, nine miles
Xorthwest from Kaleiah.
A. 5 TOOMAS,
Janl3-w4t Ranger Shelby county.
Optician, Watch Maker and Jeweler,
Maditon street, between Afain and Front Row,
OPPOSITE TQE CITIZENS' BANK.ilSilPniS TEXX".,
RBSPCCTFCLLT announces to his friends and the
public In general that hs haa permanently located
himself at the abova tand, wttre he may cosjtanily ba
found, ready to jive aitcttloo ta thoss who n ay favor
him with their patronaje. I will always hare on hand
a splendid assortment of various Improved Siectacles,
also a varitty of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, .Lc Re
palrlnjr done in (very branch of the business at short
notice, and warranted. Janlt-diwawly
DR-K. P. WATSOX has rrmoved his offlcs toXo.
afadisoa ttrttt. over A. J. Montiomery'a,
ATCHES, JEWELRY, &C3
T HAVE un hand a very larse and estate ;
X Watcbes, Clocxs, Jewetrr, Ptatrd War.
wDtcml i m scinnc at awMion eTorj tsmesc, i
sale daring the dar. ETry article to t! wsxraaM
Purchasers or sscti goods wiU do trao W CM a sal 3tm
ine my stock. C. B. UM3SCK,.
JanI3-tf Aocuo&aer asa aee gw aag.
$15,000 Torthof Watahes, Jewelry &c.
-VN- MOKDAT EVENING, IxrtU sB,at si
X) Booms, a very large and choke selietl ef WfrSSssee,
Ckicki, Jewelry. CaUery, Fancy OeocXeulMl iBttre-
ments. Plated ware, uiasMaa, nc. tbm trmn esst
greateit variety and the largest stock ever dlttlMS' y 3i
in tbt city. The sate will he centtaa. d rry iHt do
ries the vttt. private sales aortas; lae aay.
Toe mMIc are invited to can aad exaalae Is actkeses,
and attend the sales. 8. K. LOCK,
Janll-lw Ancttosteer a Seal Bsca Ilieswi.
Cliaucery Sale of Valuable Reai
PURSUANT to a IXcreeW the Ckaaetty Oegt atHtss
phis, letHlerfd XoTiieer Term, UK, sails at
WeMey Blaxemore vs. Sarab Caratbet s isi Ma OS alt
era, urtdovrandaeiroc Jaaaes M. Carataxri, itceaa ioa I
SATUKDAT, JAX0AKT 31 t, MaT,
In front or my eSee, la the city oC MeasaMe, aneesi
salt to th Mgseat eMaer, the toOvtrias valriass Heal
tate, lylac Bear tse city of It iap-.li, ta trit : ONE-gAM"
el a mub Tract or aueej or Laao, ltcaaiea na
county, TesuieiferjBtfeitbe city of Metaaal
dehizaated oa taeWSst .Lots laid aa ay K. 8.
Willoejaby WUlkrcj lets Kos. 78 ard 77, oa ta Hw
naaie Kaad, beatsafagefat a. stake tfca 2arfc Mt
Walker street, aaAtleJiW'ettstae ( the lineuaao aaV
rnoniag tneace Kivtwtta the low ef saH ltnaaaaa
Head sixteen chains aod thirty-seven Mats tea aaaanata
point opposite to where the North side af Wattaate Av
eaiie !ntricts the Hi-rnaaoa Jtoad, thenea West -seJA leu
line or W. and J. Barberts' lot one chain aael tm
sevea links to the Kast stae of Orseaas street, the are
Sooth with tie Xatt Una of Orleans street leas seta
cbaiss aa seventy links ta a stake, at tha eaeaar C
Walker street, tbrace Kast witt tha lie af Walter
atret etfbt chains sad elghty-oa Uaka ta tha
btstnala;, eantaiainc seven aad oae half anas. The
said oae-bair thereof totac Ibelatrrettowneatt laslay
Jam H. Carataers.
Said Tract erparce: af Laod win he iiihitaai Mr
two eqeal parcels, and the portion alletteel ta Mate at
James It. Carothers win he aeal la Lets af
sue tu uiH parchxurt. a plaaaf which wfll I
oa tke day or sale.
Tcrat of SshTbt above BMstUeaed Beat Bseste
be sold on a credit of tevra maaths, purchaser teeaeci
lead with approTttl aecarlty, aad a Ilea t l-.aod am I
Sale at 11 o'clock a. m.
Janl-dawtd JOBX C. LAXI3R, C. Ji If
CIIAIVCERl' SALE OF A
Corner of Linden and St. Martin. Stm.
PUBSCAXT to a decree of the Caaacrry Caoet ai Jlasa
pais, readeredXoreBiaer Tessa :86a, sa tha asaa af
Thomas U. Phillip and wife, atliea rhinapa. Jaaaa. 1st
McOtaais aad others, heirs af A. 8. Miflnaaa, aasfsVaa
parts petition to sett R"-sl Batata aad Saeas, I wfll ess
Saturday, January 31st, 1867,
la frost ef my eOce ia tha city ot
tell to the highest BtOder,
A Valuable Lot in Sooth
Situated oa tha Southwest eoraer of Ilartrr aad fat.
tin strsete. Si'd Lot fraats aa 9ota staa af
street 48 H feet, and run hack with St. Marts
Wett site 14S feet to aa alley.
Terms of iif Oae-third of parchaw
balance la ratal iaotatmi ats at eaa aad twa
Interest froat date. iarchT to esecut aaau wstfc
praTed M earity for the deferred paytaeats.
A t the same time and place, in pursuance af aat aa sea.
I win sen to tae nsuaeet nnaer for IMS, a i
Woman aatard Jce, belargtng w said eetata.
Sale ta cemmeaeeat II o'clock. A. M.
john c. una,
cecas-aawid. Clare a
Trustee's Sale of Real Estate.
In pursuance af a Deed of Trass
Vy Wra. Walter far the beaeflt af Was. 1
sob Hunt, dated on the sixth day of
eighteen hundred aad fifty- fire, and dal
in the R'gister's iffice of the county at Balay. aaail
ot TeaBessee, la Book No. 19, pases IK, MT aaat MVL sat
March :tst. 1863, 1 will proceed to arli far cassv aaaas
sale, in front cf B. Lock'; Aactasa Baas a, ana kt
of Main atreet. Memphis, Trnarseae, at 11 anejask. ess
SATURDAY, the 14th of February, A. B. la:, fast fcl
lowiag desenb. d
XlOt Of GrTCOZXXXd,
with the improvements tbereae, to wit: Ti llaalaa1 at av
stake a the et sido of Barbara street, a W. T. Aaagp
(bow K A. Parker's) southwest eoraer; tbaessa assstsa
with said street four handled feet and six larhn jm
feel) to a stake; thence east seren hundred aaat stats-dan
feet at six laches pTH feet) to a stake aa yatVa nr.
nue; thesce north with said arcane four haasha tart astl
six inches (400 H feet) to a stake at the said W. T. Amy 4
(low S. A. Parker's) saatheast corner, thence with aaat
YT. T. Avery's (now R. A. Parker's) soath lose, we,
acres hundred aad s.xty-ooe feet and six laches ntt k
feet) to the beguming, caataiBiBg Jserea acre (7 aft s)t
briar, tte north halt of Let No. 1
1 of by WHaragh-
by WiUaams, soath ot and near the city af MevaaMa, aaat
the same that was deeded to Va Joyoer ar 1
oatae3ddyot April, 1864. and re?trrrd m tha Mrgis-
ter's emce of Shelby coaaty, Team., in Bask sa, saaa S.
3vl and 305. on tho 7th day at May, 1888, aad aHa anshU
by Win. Joyaer to Wa. Rtcbardaua Hut, a tha Wfj aC
Jaaaary, 1651, and by said Hant denied ta Was. Wasaar.
The title tu the above properly is aniHtaalssL hat t
eoavey eeiy sach title as hi vested la aw aattaata.
Eaait j of redemptioa is waivrd by the terta af taV Batd,
ot Trust. J. B. WILUAJM, Tiaalta.
Xempaiz, January loth. ISOT-Janlltds
GREATEST W0NBER YET I
SIAMESE TWIXS OOTDOWEII
ON" exhibition for oae week lanaar at Laz SW Auc
tion House, Sa. 23 Frost Row. tha
A full vtowb and well developed Calf, ha viae asla.
aiale and Icsaale developments, aadalaa havtag
two before aad four brhiad. This is aae ot tha
natural curiosities of the aae.
X0W IS THE TIME TO GET BARGAINS
IN" order to r- hwe our Winter Stock, aad mate room fur
a U'se Spring; Stock, we have determined ta cassa east,
the balance ot oar Winter Ooods at Cash Pxicks.
We have on hand sow a coed asortrntat af aae rca
Silks aad Wort ted Press Cseds. A lars stack ef CIa
and Talmas, Embroideries, Laces, RjaboBa, Trtaaaaiaas,
Bonnets, Flowers and Feather,
all to be closed oat within the next foar weak at Cost
This is an opportunity sehssta offered to the
buy choicacoods at cost. We Invito aa i
above jooda to call svoa at
S. BARIXDS X CO.S,
ianll-lw 233 i strtat.
Just Received, This Day, f
SOME new Styles ot DeLata-s. Prints, Fhtssarts, M4L
Also, Skein ton aDil other Hooped Skirts, Ktalr
Bslti loo; Shawls, &e 2. BARIXDS X CO.,
janll-lw 23 Mala street.
JUST rece vi d, a splendid asorlmeBi of v afloat siasai
ot improved SPK6TACLSS.
Oaiietan, Watch Jtaktr aad Jeweler,
Vaditea Street, between Maia and Fraat ltw.
Opposite CI tiara1 Bank, Memphis, Traga.
These cesthraied Glasses are groued oa the cxaat aria-
cipre of Spherical Accuracy, af a n 'iri i mlian
farm, admlrahly adapted to the ergaa of tdaan, cast h
used te parsos the most minute etaptoycarat, cttarrhv
day or candle hght. with perfect easaia the eye, aad.
never raairs that sjddtnrss of the head, er ante fat ant
satioe ta the eyes, that maay experience an uehaz the
esmatoa Spectadas, bat stteafthest aaat Jasarava aW
sight, as win he seen from the luuowuar trsaasaaoMa:
Frewt Urn. A. JsArwen, Got, sf Tttm.
Ur C. JJvllep Sir; Raring fully tested the merits
sf joar Improved Spectacles, I do net hesitate ta nj
that they exert aay I have ever tried, aad Bad the ant
liar manner in which they are ground, oerlatra, the aaht
I hare Irequently axperiaaced in using, other saaeaaesls.
frost Or. Barton, of New Orleans.
tsoxv itxr, Tenx., Jaae 38th, tttC
Mr. C. ifVLLEIi. OptMaa Boar Sir: The atasses s
h 1 re nmva ml hr mm mrmr&mA In dltinemu ibJ IriHSuM,
I of vision aay I have ever aaed. The piluUpti at a fiaasi
I accommodated te every metioa of tae eye, n
as It pmveats fati.sa to the organ, and dees Bet toaelr
vision. The beaatlfal traataareacy ot the giase, .ilea ato
i;reat hatdaees. gives a earabtttty which la iavateastg te
those bavin; a coastant demsad for them.
Thtse improvemeats are reooamendatieas la-rthUi aaa
hizhly merltin: public patroaafle.
Very respectf clly, year obedient servant.
O. H. BARTON, M. D., at X. O.
From Hon. A. STcCItHitf, Ex-3Itbtr Cfcnyrar,
Mil. C. JfcLLEK Sir: 1 Sad your glastes to he far sa
perior to thoo in eemmoa use. A. JtcCI.KT.T.iXP.
From Hon. JI". II. Itttmphrets, Juthte f the. Feder
I have tried Ur. ii slier' i sprctacles. 1 1
altogether superior ta tho spectacles crsmmentr i
W. H. HUilPHUJCTS.
From San!. R Reisers, Senator frm Knez aaat Kavesa;
Ur. C. HVLliiuSir: I take great pleasure ta Jiatlas;
tho public that lam nttBgyeorlaprOTOd Sparta shts with
perfect satisfaction, both by dayBght aad eaadttlight.
consider thrm a veluahraksBreveaMat.
SAM. B. HODGE R5.
G. n. Kyle, Jackson, Tean.
Thomas GamewH, Jaekson, Teau.
Hon. John Read, " "
Y. B Woodfolk, Jf . D., Coiten Grove, Testa.
W. W. Hawkins, BrownsviBe, Tea.
Wm. C. Bruce, 11. D., ' "
Mayor A. M. Shaw, EemerviOe, Trsm.
Wm. H Poindexter, '
The Spectacle Leas In comraon oae, termed rJeeele cca
vex, have bnt one focus, au that beta ia tho amtre. ad
mits of a perfect vision only threagh the eeatre. Xew a
the ejes, in rolllas from side to side depart from law
point, It Is affected hy the distort lues t-efr-- aad ooca-
slons in ureas eyes f aucue aad ruin, aad sa atraac eeea
a more frequent chx-cc of class for those ef hieher power,
than it caused hy the simple flattening ef the eye hy ae ;
or, tanae tho language ot many, they make the eye grow
oidar. Cool ! the glass be attached te the eye, laaito
move with It, or the head be made te tars aBd aeaaaaaa-
date tha sight, while the eyes remain axed, the daahle
convex lens would not be so object kmb;e. Bat as aettvp
ot these plans could be very well acecmpRIBed, as. eaaert!
method to remedy this Important defect la alt hitherto
conatruc-ed helps to the defective human vitssa Is desira
ble. This end la obtained in tbeaeglaites which, having
cot only central loess, but, fer all practical purposes, on
throughout, the objection above named1 ts ebv iated, aa they
irllt rrtTlMn tt n nrr arrn rn nrrrf irri nlifcui i At ..... imv!.
of vision, wllh alfthecerreetntst o( the Batural beatthj;
light. - lanllHiawSsn