Newspaper Page Text
M E MP HIS .
FRIDAY MORNING. .'JANUARY 16, 1857.
"The ArpEAL is regularly discontinued
at the cod of the time subscribed for, unless
renewed in advartce.-ga
XIECTION OF TJ. S. SENATORS IX MSSOUEL
Our readers will perceive from telegraphic
dispatches that two good trod true Democrats
have been returned to the Senate of .the United
Stages by the Legislature of. Missouri. This
Rewsis very gratifyiBg, iBaswttch as it was
samewhat appreheaded that the Bentonians
and Know-Nothings might unite and defeat the
Dsi&eeracy. Gen. Tbcsxek Polk, one of the
StMtors elect, is the Gorernor elect of the
.State, and has risen with a rapidity, exceeded
mly by his modesty and merits. Mr. Green,
"the thr Seater elect, is at present a member
of the Httse at Reriresentstiupe. wi believe.
art k -fa every respect an able ami worthy !
mat), ifics nas lientonism fully and anally
'exploded in Missouri.
COAL! COAL! COAL!
We karn through the Paducah (Ky.) Demo
crat that the citizens of Paducah are orgon
fzfog a Coal Company upon terms almost
MesticaHy the same as those proposed by the
eecrespMdejit of yesterday's Appeal. i
It seeas that the citizens of Paducah are
swferiag from the same cause that we are, and
are takteg active steps to avert the evil for the
Welecn that Mate of the citfeens of Mem
phis prpwe drawing up articles of agreement,
eferaciB liberal tersas to our citizins, and
after a saflcieat number of subscribers shall
he ebtatoed, the stockholders will meet and
appoint a Board of Directors, officers, agents,
&c, aad then Books will be opened for bona
fiit stockholders the privilege to be granted
te all pttaows in become members by the pay
west -of a certiia sum of raooey. We wish
the eatwprise success.
"The Washington Union of the 10th
iMst., says it has made inqairy us to Jon.v Bar
net's stateeat that Gen. Cass had received
aad accepted the appointment of Secretary of
'State, aad 4s authorized to state that it is entire
ly wtthoat fomdatten. It also asserts that sot
ee member of the Cabinet has yet been selec
E?" Several new lead mines have receatry
-b-ee discovered in Missouri.
12f' William E. Ashley, Esq., has been
etecied Mayor of Little Rock, Ark.
5?" They had sleighisg at LHtle Rock last
j5f" Petek Binfosb, Eoa of Major Ad.
Swrna, was boroed te death sb the 5th inst,
i Limestone county, Alabama.
4& The ste- at Santa Fe, at the last ad
tsoos, was deeper and more geeeral than it has
bee for tea years.
' Ho. James Bdchanan, the President
elect, has jst been chosen an honorary mem
ber of thoLoag Island SMrie Society.
Hon. R. H. Staxton has retired from
the Maysvilte Express. He is succeeded by
Robert McKee, Esq.
J5r" The fuBera! of Father Mathew, in
Cork, was atteeded by fifty thousand people,
and tbe Mebop and seventy priests officiated in
The Land office has withdrawn from
sale about oe million additional acres of land
Sa Laateiana, which were foead to fall -within
the grant to tho New Orleans, Opelousas and
Groat Western Railroad, between Opelousas
and Sabine river, on the Texas line.
Dr. Valentine Mott performed the
operation last month, for the forty-fourth time,
of tying the carotid artery in the living sub
ject. The Napoleon of surgeons is now seven-iy-one
years old, yet is as straight as ever, and
s yoaag at heart as when fifty years y onager.
lie noes not even wear glasses when he oper
ates, and the an is not extant who ever saw
his hand tremble.
' Daring the late Presidential canvass
aM at the moment a gallant Senator frem the
South was proclaiming the certain election of
Mr. Boehanan, a feather dropped at bis feet,
from the wing cf an eagle that was flying
orw. The gentleman preserved the quill, ana,
to-dey, had it forwarded to Mr. Buchanan, to
write bis ifiaygural address with. It was
not flocked by man from the wins, hut was the
free rI of our national bird. Wash. Cor. .11
. ' The a bore statement is correct. Senator
Jowx, of Miseisaippi, is the gentleman re
forroi to. The quill is now in possession of
Mr. Buchanan, at Wheatland, where we saw
It' on "Friday, and, in accordance -with the re
ottoet of the "gallant Senator," it will be
by the President elect in writing his In-
aogot al Address. La.nce.tttr Intelligencer.
A Joke at the Psofxssio.v. In the trial
of Hninui0li's,tfce fiew York forger,his father
loaMiod as follows :
His son Charles was r-rone te take things
that did jtet belong to him. bad altered the fam
ily record, and would tell lies giving two dif
ferent stories at toe same fact, without any
motive for it. Witness bad desigBtd to make
him a lawyer.
The Philadelphia Inquirer says :
We some time since alluded to the capture
ay tbe Indiana of Mrs. Wilson, a lady, who
was on her way f ro.n St. Locis to Salt Lake
City, in Col. Babbitt's train. Measures were
immediately taken to secure her rescue, and
Capt. Wharton, of the United States Army,
oxerted himself to. the utnosL He oriered
terse rewards, sent parties In search, and even
anticipated the wUJm:s of the family, so anxi
w and energetic was be in this work of hta
Msnttr. It appears, however, that bis labors
wore in vain, for a letter received in this city
ytaterday states that Mrs Wilson was kilUd
otfce day after her capture because she coald
not ride on horseback and keep up with the
train. Sfee was a most estimable lady, and her
melancholy fate has produced a painful sensa
tion in the minds and hearts of those who knew
and appreciated her.
We copy the following from the Balti-
re Jmhc, of toe 6tu anet. :
"PnesiDENT or the Senate. In conse
oeoce of the absence frem Washington of Sen
ator Bright, the President of the Senate, it be
came necesoary on Tuesday to fill the vacancy.
The Hon. James M. Mason, of Virginia, was
elected to preside over the Senate, and is now
the President of that body. The eminent abili
ties, krge experience, dignified and courteous
neariaCf and intimate acquaintance with par
Hamtatary law of Senator Mason, says iht
flfaisa, made him a fit recipient of this dis
Spddex Death or two Rea.tives or
PKEe4BMT Buchajjak. The town and neigh
borhood of Fintona weie thrown into a state of
oonsternatiott on Sunday morning last, by the
sadden demise of Alexander Buchanan, Esq..
Mood cousin to the i:ew American PresWentj
wfce ap to the moment of his death on Saturday
nigfat was apparently enjoying good health.
His brother, Beaver Buenanan, Esq., Tully
broom, Clogher, was immediately sent for, and
after arriving had a severe attack of disease of
the heart, which he had been laboring under
for some time, and which ended fatally on
Tuesday afternoon, while the remains of the
farmer were being conveyed to the churchyard.
Ty were the nearest relationsin Ibis country
to the new American President, both about for
ty years of age. unmarried arwnirhlv esteemed
by all classes of the community for kindness
'and benevolence, without exception to party.
Fermanagh (Ireland) Ma.iL
nTerbible Snow Storm. The terrible snow
storm which risked this portion of the State,
-a little more than a week since, visited with
redoubled fury rort Ues Moines, it com
MeMcee' on Monday and lasted until Wednet
ayJjJSoch was its violence that persons were
I almost pensnea in lue snow arms in
-frem one portion of the city. Men
iveatnreout such was the.terror in-
EJy the storm. bva Ciiy Etjtibhca. ,
The Rlenii Clipper understands that on Mon
day last, amannamedWATSONicommitted su
icide byMrowning himself in Kings Creek, near
Carolina Post Office in this county.
We clln the following from the Yazoo Sun,
Fatal Accident. We arc Informed that a
T-nnrifr man hir th namn r.f Sloan was TecelltlV
TVi-nr fir the tiDsettinZ of
his wagon which was loaded with cotton. It
is said that the cotton bales completely con
cealed him, and it was twoorthree days before
tne body was found. W
The Holly Springs Democrat says:
If Mia ParmMia Stout will make known
her P. 0. address, she will hear of something
greatly to her advantage.
The Lexington Advocate says :
TWrwettn learn that Col. A. II. VtratS
Sat.e Senator, from Lavfayette county, nae
been prevented from leaving home to enter upou
nis uuties is our ecisiaiure, iiom in
on account of severe sickness in his family.
High Prices. The Hinds county Gazette
learns that, at Brownsville, in that county on
the 1st inst, negro men field hands hired for
$300 each' Pcr anw";
The Governor's Messace on the Lonsti
tutional Amendments. On Saturday, says
the MitsUtippian, Gov. McRae sent in a Ales
air fn thi T.fnslatnrf' rvointinir out and
plaining the incongruities that abound in the
amendments to tne uonsutuuon, wmcu
the Le-rislature of 1854, ratified
by the people at the succeeding election and
f oi many inserted in mat insinimeni, t u
regular session of the present Legislature.
These Incongruities are so clearly and. cogently
stated by the Governor, that thfire Is no room
for doubt on the subject. He recommends the
Legislature to take early steps for the removal
of the difficulties j and we suppose the body
will not adjourn without taking such action
as the occasion demands. A joint committee
with reference to this subject was appointed at
the last Bession, under a resolution of the two
Houses, and to this committee the Message has
been referred. A report will doubtless be made
at an early day. Wbat measures will be taken
to remedy these evils we are not prepared to
say. By Bome it is proposed to remedy them
by additional amendment in the form pre
scribed by the Constitution. Others think it
advisable to hold a Convention with a view to
the formation of a new Constitution, One
thing is manifest. Definite action of some
sort is absolutely necessary.
We copy the following from the Vicksburg
Times, of the 9th inst:
Joseph L. Chappell, for sometime past in the
employ of the Vicksburg and Jackson railroad,
a highly respeetable citizen of Hinds county,
and formerly of Warren, terminated his life at
Clinton on Thursday by shooting himself.
There was no cause assigned for the melan
choly act. The unfortunate man leaves three
boys and one girl.
The annexed paragraph we find in the
Natchez Cosritr, of the 9th inst:
Fires in Franklin County. We learn
that the Gin-House of James Herrington, Esq.,
five miles east of Meadville, was burnt on tne
1st inst. The fire was discovered between 5
and G o'clock in the morning, and was evident
ly the work of an incendiary, as no fire had
been used about the house tbe day previous.
We are- glad to learn that Mr. H. had finish
ed ginning the evening previous, and therefore
lost no co.ton except between one and two bales
ginned that day.
(J-The Court of Appeals, the highest
Court of New York, has decided that city
governments cannot grant the right to laydown
railroadj in the public streets.
Tao Present Growth and Future Supply cf
F;om the Kew Terk lltrild.
The question of the supply and consumption
of Cotton, both in a commercial and political
point of -view, has for a long period engaged
the attention of the civilized world.
England, ever watchful of her commercial
and manufacturing interests, has been casting
about for the last quarter of a century for some
source from which she could obtain Cotton in
dependent of the United States. She was
induced, at the expense of probably a million
of dollars, to make ths experiment in India,
which ended in utter failure. France haB es
sayed to try the experiment in Algeria, which
can only result in disappointment. Those who
entertain theory that because a country is suf
ficiently hot, it therefore ought, with a favora
ble soil, to produce Cotton, show a deficiency
of practical knowledge on the subject.
It is bo arranged in the order of Providence,
that tbe United States possess tbe only climate
and soil adapted to the extended culture of Cot
ton to be found, probably on the habitable
globe. Let us see bow this is to be accounted
We must understand that there are about
fifty varieties of the gospium, or Cotton plant,
and that out of the whole number there are
only about four cultivated for commercial pur
poses, each of which is an annual, and re
quires replanting every year. The perennial
Cotton trees of the tropics are wholly use
less, so far as the quantity of yield or quality
is concerned; their pods, or bollB, are small
and comparatively few in the tree, -while the
fibre of tbe Cotton is coarse, harsh and brittle.
We must comprehend the fact that tbe annual
plants cultivated in the United States are only
adapted to a climate where rain and sunshine
alternate, with sufficient heat to mature tbe
plants, aDd that they will not stand the ex
tremes of drought and rain common to all inter-tropical
latitudes, where the only plan
which can be employed in rearing them con
sists in irrigation a method too artificial and
expensive ever to be employed on a large scale.
Hence, when we hear that India, Africa, Alge
ria or Egypt are to compete with the United
States, We know that the thing is simply im
possible. In tbe United States tbe Northern limits of
the Cotton culture are bounded by thirty-four
to thirty-six degrees North latitude, omitting
intervening monntanious elevations and strips
of sterile soil ; and by the shores of the At
lantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico (tbe 'at
ter being in latitudes twenty-eight to thirty
degrees) on the South. 1'nis Cotton region
extends around tbe Gulf of Mexico through
Texas to tbe mouth of the Rio Grande on the
Southwest, and stretches in a Northeasterly
and Southwesterly direction from about the
longitude of seventy-six degrees thirty min
utes to cinety-nine degrees West of Green
wich. The great canse of the fertility of the coun
try thus described is attributable to the great
basin of water known as tbe Gulf of Mexico
and the Gulf Stream, which passes out paral
lel with the shores of the Southern cotton
States. Tbe water of the Mexican Gulf, heated
by the rays of a tropical sun, causes an im
mense evaporation, which, in expanding or
drifting North, or towards the elevated lands
cast and west of the Mississippi, is condensed
by cold air, and produces frequent showers du
ring tbe warji months of Spring and Summer,
and which is tbe life of tbe cotton plants. A
similar process takes place along the Southern
Atlantic States. Tbe evaporation from the
Gulf Stream is condensed by the cooler air of
the Alleghenies. Thus we have an immense
region of cotton lands over which nature has
established the most wonderful system of irri
gation known in tne world, tu combination wim
the proper amount of heat and richness of
soil. When we consider that these great phys
ical advantages have been united with enter
prise, skill and slave institutions managed by
Aaglo-Saxon intellect, all tending to their de
velopment, promoted by tbe only fixed labor
suitable to the culture of cotton, we shall ex
perience no difficulty in comprehending why the
United States enjoy a monopoly in its produc
tion. And suppose England could overcome the
laws of nature, and transfer the cnltivation of
cotton from America to Africa, wbat would
she gain by the operation? If she is our best
customer for cotton, are we not her best custo
mers far her manufactures? By changing the
cultute of cotton ffom'Amc r ca to semi-barbar
ous regions, ard thus crippling the industry
of this country, would she not at the came time
iniure bersel to tbe same extent by destrovii.L'
Der nest customer t
In all Questions affecting commercial and po
Htical economy, common sense must and ougnt
to govern tbe case. Tbe question at present
as to the future supply of cotton is one of labor.
The consumption of tbe article and its prices
must be greatlv influenced by the supply of la
bor. Oar cotton lands, irrigated by the laws
of nature, are yet expensive enough, if brought
into full cultivation, to produce many more mil
lions of balesover the present yild just as easy
as three millions of bales are now grown.
The annual increase in the production of cot
ton has not' been in a uniform ratio. Thus, in
1B20-:21, the crop only amounted to 430,000
bales, and in 1826-'27 reached more than
double the quantity the crop of that year be
ing 957,281 bales the annual augmentation be
ing from 100,000 to 200,000 bales. The next
duplication occurred about 1837-'38, when the
crop reached 101,477 bales. Tbe first year in
which the crop reached two millions of bales
was in 1B39-M0, when it amounted to 2,177,835.
From that period tof 1851 embracing a period
of commercial depression, consequent upon the
commercial re-action which followed the rerul-1
sion of 183B-'37, and to whlclr wbb added the
disturbing element of the MexHcan war. The
crops for tnese ten or eleven years averagea
2.000,000 bales. With the disc orery of Call-
fornia gold mines, commercial ; inairs acquired
a new impetus, wmcu wuu a j uuuciud in
crease in the demand for consum ptlon, grew up.
From a crop of 2,uao,70ti Dales 'in ift4y-'u,-we
find that the supply in 1852-'53 reached 3,262,
832 bales, which in 1853-'54 fell back, by a
bad season, to 2.930,027 bales, and in 1854-'55,
the supply readied tne enormous amount oi
3,527 ,S45 bales, abont 300,000 of which it was
estimated was or we previous year-a growiu,
kept bv low water in the country, making the
1 J . m .1. . 1 1 .
average growui oi uic uvu asiuuutvo.
185 1-55, bales 3,117,339
The crop of this year, or of lS5C-'57, i es
timated at only JjlW,uuu or oaiCF, snowing an
actual decrease of growth compared with last
year of 227,S4a bales.
Hie following is a recapitulation, showing
lh successive augmentation of crops:
1S20-'21, bales 530,000
1853- '54 ' ..2 930,027
1835-'50 : '3'
Total increase in 30 years 2 570,000
These figures clearly show that the consump
tion has been steadllv gaining on production.
Had tbe full amount of labor beeu available,
this amount of increase would have been great
ly augmented. The consumption in the United
States has been steady and progressive, in twen
ty years it has increased from 149,516 bales In
lS2G-'27, to 652,739 bales in ISSS-'SG. Tne ex
ports to Europe have increased from 2,444,000
in 185l-'52, to 2,955,000 in 1855-'56, of which
Great Britain took 1,921,000 bales.
We thus find the change in the past four
years, of what we may call the golden period,
have been as follows:
Crops 3,015,020 3,527,813
Exports to Europe 2,440,000 2,955,000
Consumption in Gt. Britain 1,669,000 1,921,000
Consumption in U. States.. 603,029 652,769
If rre suppose the world to continue at peace,
and the gold mines of California and Australia
co continue equally prolific to.meet the continued
ratio of increased consumption indicated by the
above figures, in ten years hence the crop should
increase to 2,528,295, or yield a total aggregate
crap by the year lSOS-'Ge, of 5,528,204 bales,
and which may in fact, be nearer six millions
of bales! Have we the elements of labor to
produce it? Clearly not
The slave population of the United States in
1840, was 2,487,455, and in 1850, 3,204,318,
showing in round numbers about 30 per cent in
crease in ten years. While the slave popula
tion in the next ten years can only increase 30
per cent, the increased, power of consumption,
domestic and foreign will require an increase of
production of nearly 100 per cent.
And is not tbe North, and indeed the civiliz
ed world, interested in this increase of produc
tion? If a crop of 3,000,000 of bales requires
the employment of over 2,000 Northern built
and Northern owned and manned ships, the
production of 6,000,000 of bales of cotton
would require the use of over 4,000 ships.
Massachusetts, Instead of supplying $30,000,
000 of cotton fabrics, might supply $72,000,000,
and every other kind of trade and business
growing out of and connected with the growth
of cotton at the South, and carried on at the
North, might also be doubled. Civilization
would be extended by the increase of commerce
and the increased supply of cheap clothing to
hide the nakedness of savages.
For ten or twenty years past there has been
a gradual tranafer of slaves from the grain dis
tricts of North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland,
Kentucky and Delaware, to the rich cotton dis
tricts bordering on the Gulf of Mexico.
In tbe decade from 1840 to 1850, theincreass
of slave population in the States of North Car
olina, Virginia and Maylandwas only from two
to six per cent., while in the Gulf Cotton States
it increased from thirty-five to fifty-eight per
cent., and in Arkansas the increase was one
hundred and thirty-six per cent., Delaware de
creased twelve per cent,, Virginia declined four
per cent, from 1830 to 1840, but increased 5
per cent from 1840 to 1850. The District of
Columbia decreased 21 per cent. Tbe drainage
of tbe slave population from the above States
became so great as to give an enhanced value
to the products of tobacco and hemp in tbe
States of Missouri, Kentucky and Virginia.
Hence we find tho emigration from those States
to the Gulf Cotton States was checked in the
last decade. Virginia, instead of losing 4 per
cent,, gained 5 per cent., while Ksntucky gain
ed 15 per cent, and Missouri about 50 per cent.
So that, viewing as we may tbe question of
labor available for increasing the crop of cot
ton to meet the increase of consumption in ten
years to 5,500,000 to 6,000,000 of bales (near
100 per cent,) yet in no point of view can W?
arrive at the conclusion that adequate labor for
its production can b found. The question is
an important one both to this country, to Eu
rope and to the civilized world. The yield of
gold since its discovery in California and A'is
tralia, has reached about $500,000,000. The
yield last year was $100,000,000. This year the
yield will not be IeBg than 125,000,000. At
this rate of annual supply, there will be added
to the present supply of gold In the world, in
ten years, the enormous sum of $1,250.000,000 1
Can any one suppose that with the dissemina
tion of this immense amount of wealth among
tbe poople or tne old and new world, tnis pow
er of consumption will not demand in ten years
a supply of 6,000,000 bales of cotton? and
which fbla country would find no difficulty in
supplying, or even augmenting to 7,000,000 of
bales ot ianor at an available ior tne purpose.
It should be England's policy to encourage the
growth of cotton in this country, instead of
wasting her means and energies in vain at
tempts to develops its impracticable culture
elsewhere in competition with the United
We have vast tracts of unopened rich cotton
lands, which white labor will not enter upon
and cultivate, and for the planting 'of which
we have no adequate supply of African labor,
and which is every y?ar becoming more and
more expensive. W see that all the slaves
(some two hundred in number) of the late
George McDuffie'a estate in South Carolina,
great and small, olu and young, were recently
sold together, without separation, at an arerage
of seven hundred dollars each. This was an
We would simply suggest, if it is right and
feasible to introduce Coolie labor into the West
Indies and other places, at eight dollars per
month, why not a.low the same option to the
Africans on tbe west coast of Africa, guarded
and restricted by proper legal enactments?
Such a measure would remove the horrors of
the slave trade, and greatly lessen the expense
of watching for slavers on the unhealthy and
unbospitable coast of Africa. Will L.rd Pal
merston and the Exeter Hall visionaries think
of this ?
Statistics cf the Old Year.
Tins. During the year just past 227 fires
have occurred, where the amount of property
destroyed is estimated at and over 20,000,000
dollars. The aggregate loss is set down at
21,159,000 dollars. If the amount of property
destroyed by fires, where the loss was under
20,000 dollars were added, the total would
firobably reach twenty-five or twenty-six mil
ions of dollars.
The number of human lives lost by fires dur
ing tbe year, is 18J.
JJmigraton. The emigration during the
past year exceeded, considerably, that of the
3 ear before; but is still much less than of any
previous year except 1849. The number of
emigrants is 141,915 ; there were 44.090 from
Ireland : 55,855 from Germany, and 23,691 from
England. The total number of passengers that
arrived at iNew lorn during tne year is
Death of Old People. Twenty-two men have
died during tbe year over 100 years old, and tne
same number of females. A. slave woman in
Virginia attained the age of 127: another in
Louisiana 124, and dne 120.
Steamboat Accidents. The number of steam
boat accidents' in our lakes, rivers and bays,
which have been attended with loss of life, or
injury to perso .s, Is 29. Tbe number killed
358, and wounded 127.
Deathof Old SoUurs. During the year just
expiring thirty revolutionary soldiers nave died.
Tbe number on the pension list in July last was
During the year 1856, there were 5312 tons
of copper transported over the Georgia State
Railroad, being tbe produce of the Southern
From the official statistics of Ohio, for the
year 1856, we learn that tbe State contains
621,443 horses, 1.6SO.710 cattle, 5,750 mules,
3,513,683 sheep, 1,831,124 swine, and 267,595
During the year 1856, the number of licences
issued in .Baltimore uity, was -jsuu to trauers,
1921 for marriages, J'JZ for tne sale ot liquor,
1581 for ordinary uses, 63 for brokers, 62 for
pedlars and various otners, mating au aggre
gate with the above of 8892.
The mortality of Philadelphia for the past
year has been 10,222.
During the past year In Philadelphia, the
whole number of fires were 299. False alarms,
55. Total loss, 1,486,404 dollars. Total In
surance, 852,495 dollars. Number of acciden
tal fires, 108. Number of incendiaries, 100.
Number of fires from olhsr causes,, 91.
DE. KANE, THE ABCXIC EXPLORER.
We copy, with great pleasure, the following
well-written biographical sketch -iSr Dr. Kane,
the Arctic explorer, from the Kational Jntelli
Elisha Kent Kane is unqestiopably one of the
most remarkable men of the age. Having re
cently placed before our readers a synopsis of,
later and more important discoveries, we have
thought a few particulars about the man him
self, and a short account of his earlier ex
ploits, gathered chiefly from those who know
him personally, might be acceptable to our
readers. What little we have to Hay, we utter
in a spirit of patriotic satisfaction, and yet we
cannot divest ourselves of the thought that
our Arctic hero has gone abroad for the restor-
exceedingly precarious. Indeed, it is thought
oy some, tnat ne may never again be permitted
to see his native land. Such a fate would be
most deeply lamented, and we must cherish the
hope that he will not only return, but live to
spend many happy and peaceful years in the
land where his name has become & much-loved
Dr. Kane was born In Philadelphia on the 3d
of February, 1822, and graduated at the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania in 1843, first in the
collegiate and subseauentlv in the medical de
partinent ; and when ne started upon his active
career of adventure he was esteemed a good
cuemist. mineralogist, astronomer, and sur
geon. His frame, even from bovhood. was del
icate, and, Vith a view of strengthening his
constitution, he solicited an appointment in the
Navy as Surgeon, and obtained it, and was at
tached to the first American embaasy to China.
This position gave him opportunity to explore
tbe Phillipine islands, which he effected mainly
on loot, ne was tne first man who descended
into the crater of Tael, lowered more than a
hundred feet by a bamboo rope frem the over
hanging cliff, and, clambering down some seven
hundred more through the scoria;, he made a
topographical sketch of the interior of this
great volcano, collected a bottle of sulphurous
acid from the very mouth of the crater ; and,
although he was drawn up almost senseless, he
brought up with him a sketch of this hideous
cavern and tne specimens wbich it afforded.
Before returning home from thin remote ex
pedition he had ascended the Himalayas and
triangulated Greece on foot ; he had visited
Ceyloa, the upper Nile, and all tho mythologlc
region or cgypt; traversing tne route andmait
ing the acquaintance of the learned Lespius.
who was then prosecuting his arch mo logical
researches. He also traversed Greece on foot,
and returned to the United States through
Europe. Soon after his arrival he was again
ordered on duty, this time to the western coast
or Africa. He now attempted to visittbe slave
markets of Whydah, but, having taken tbe Af
rican fever,-he was sent home in a precarious
state of health. He recovered, however, and
Ave next find him a volunteer in the Mexican
war. His adventures in Mexico proved him to
be the possessor of lion-Jike courage and of a
most generous and noble heart ; but be fell a
victim to one of the fevers of the country, and
was very near dying. When he recovered and
returned, he was employed in the Coast Sur
vey Department, from which he was trans
ferred by the Seoretary of the Navy to the post
of surgeon on tbe Grinnell Arctic Expedition.
His history of that expedition gave him a high
position as an autner.
Not vet satisfied, however, he scarcely gave
himself time to recover from tho hardships of
that cruise before be set on foot The second
Grinnell or Kane. expedition, the results of
which have been pronounced by the highest
European authorities as among be wonders of
the present century. That Dr. Kane has ac
complished much for the honor of his country
is acknowledged by all men of all parties ; and
at tbe last session of Congress the House of
Representatives passed a resolution for the
purchase of fifteen thousand conies of his valu
able work, the Secretary of the Navy having
investigated the whole subject and suggested
the propriety of passing the resolution. That
resolution is now before the Senate, and weare
pleased to learn lhat, in spite of their ideas of
retrenchment, many Senators think Dr. Kane's
appeal a peculiar one, and that it is quite prob
able a large majority of them are in favor of
the resolution. Contrary to an opinion that we
have seen expressed, we are glad to be able to
state that very much the largest proportion of
theprofits of ths work will go into the hands of
When we remember the character of bb great
uiscuYcr.es, ana uie rame ne nas so justly ac
quired, and tnentnink of mm, worn to a skele.
ton by disease contracted while heroically serV'
ing his country yesterday, as it were, quitting
bis bome to find health in England, and to-day
sailing for a more genial clime in the same pur
suit we cannot but believe tnat it would re
joice his heart and do much towards restoring
his health to learn that the government of his
country uau recognized ilia service in some sub
stantial manner, whereby the remainder of his
life might be spent in pleasantness and peace.
Numerous learned societies, says a cotempora
ry, with a whole body of savans, with Hum
boldt at their bead, and all tbe commercial na
tions, with the English Admiralty in the- van,
have loudly declared their generous apprecia
tion of Dr. Kane's labors, and by flattering tes
timonials have sought to do honor to tbegallant
THE VOYAGE OF THS RESOLUTE THE
QUEEN'S VISIT, &C.
F.om tbe Kew Tort Journal ot Commerce. J
k We have obtained permission from Henry
Grinnell, Esq., to publish the following very
interesting letter, wbich he rcceivc-d yesterday
from his son, now in England. We scarcely
need ask for it an attentive perusal :
Ship Resolute, Dec. 16, 1856.
fliT hear .father: My last letter per
Europa, contained telegrapbic dispatches an
nouncing the arrival of the Jit solute, and that
she was to be received with a Royal Salute.
Previous to her arrival, the matter of saluting
was a subject of much conversation among
Naval and Arctic men, and Mr. Barrow, of the
Admiralty, called upon me to Bay that How
ever anxious they all were to extend that mark
of respect to her officers, tbe rules of service,
which, in ihis particular case, come under
what is termed Queen's Regulations, are, as
Mr. Barrow stated, unalterable, except by act
of Parliament. You may judge of the surprise
of every one, when she was received not by one
only, but three Royal Salutes. Their passage
was very rough and boisterous, aul, as the of
ficers say, a continued gale, oftentimes blow
iug almost a hurricane; but by great care and
watchfulness, and an excellent crew, they ar
rived at Spitbead in safety, thougii they were
very near being lost off the Scilly Islands, and
in fact everybody on board believed that their
fate was sealed. A furious gale had been rag
ing, which suddenly ceasing, left a heavy sea.
This, with a current of 2i or 3 knots, was set
ting the ship on tbe rocks. Every one on board
expected destruction, but they were saved by a
miracle, as it were. A light air springing up,
every stitch of canvass was set, and after an
hour of most anxious suspense, during which
the vessel bravely held her own, the wind fresh
ening enabled them to work off the shore. Had
she struck, Capt. Hartsteue thinks that not a
life could have been saved. You are aware that
she is a very bad sailor, and can do nothing in
beating to windward in a sea. Her passage
has surprised every one in Portsmouth.
Immediately on arrival at Spithead, even be
fore they bad time to get out a side ladder,
Capt. Peel ( a son of the late Sir Robert) came
along side in "thunder, lightning and hail," to
welcome the officers, and to offer his services.
Following him came the admiralty yacht, also
with offer of assistance. Capt. Hartstcne then
landed, and proceeded immediately to London,
with his Secretary, Dr. Otif, where he arrived
at 5 o'clock. He then called upon the TJ. S.
Minister, and the next morning, Sunday, he
breakfasted with me. .
I afterwards had the pleasure of introducing
taein to l.ady j?ranKiin, wnere we met Capt.
Osborne and Mr. Barrow, and during our visit
we were joined by Sir Roderick Murchison,
who received Captain Hartstene with much
kindness, and requested him to name a day
wnen it would oe convenient to Dim and nis
officers to meet the Royal Geographical So
ciety at a public dinner. We remained about
four hours with Lady Franklin. Tha interview
was most interesting, and I know -was produc
tive of much mutual respect. Capt. Osborne
returned to Lady Franklin's in the evening, to
say how much be was pleased with Hartstene,
and remarked to her that "he is' the right
man. " In the evening (Sunday) he dined with
iur. .Lianas, anu aunnguinner a teiegrapu came
to announce that tbe Queen intended to visit
the ship and officers on Tuesday. She was ac
cordingly, at the request of the Admiral, Sir
ueo. aeymour, toweu over to uowea by a Uot
ernment steamer, and erery preparation made
to receive Her Majesty at the how fixed by
ner, 10 o'cioeic lutsday morning.
1 Jef t London by the 5 o'clock train on Mon
day evening for Southampton, and the next
morning at 8 o'clock I accompanied our Con
sul, Mr. Croskey, to the Resolute, wfiere we
arrived at 9t o'clock. We found everything in
readiness for the reception of Her Majesty j
officers in full uniform, sailors in their best
clothes, and tbe ship exceedingly clean and in
perfect order in every respect- The Royal
Standard was at the main, ready to be unfurled
tbe instant the Queen crossed the gangway.
On tbe fore and mlzen masts were tbe English
colors, and, at peak the beautiful spectacle
presented itself of ounStars and Stripes, blow
ing iu graceful harmony with the red cross of
Sr George t ' .
Many were the heartfelt wishes expressed '
that they may always continue in such happy
union. Tbe steam frigate Retribution had boen
ordered to anchor off ths harbor. A little
nearer in, was stationed the Admiralty yachts
jsiacK .agit and sprightly, "and parallel witn
the Resolute were moored tbe Queen's yachts
Fairy and the Elfin. At ten minutes before
ten, two of the Royal grooms rode down, (as
the ship was hauled along side tbe Government
dock) to announce that her Majesty would be
at the ship at the hour appointed, and at 10
precisely she appeared, accompanied by Prince
Aioertjtne rnnceor waieSjtnefnncessKoyai,
rnncess Alice, tne Dutcness of Atnol, and tne
Hon. Miss Cathcart, General Bouverie, Col.
Howtb, C. B. Phillips, Capt. the Hon. C. De
Ros, and Sir James Clark. The sailors were
placed standing on the rail of the ship nearest
uie snore, and as tne yueen approacned sne
was rectived with three hearty cheers, all pres
ent being uncovered. Capt. Hartsteue and of
ficers met her at the gangway, and addressed
her as follows:
"Will your Mai eat v allow me to welcome
you on board tbe Resolute, and in accordance
wiui tne wisnes or my countrymen, and in ooe
dience to my Instructions from tbe President of
the United States, to return her to your Majeo
ty, not only as an expression of friendly feel
ing to your sovereignty, but as a token of Jove,
admiration, and respect for your Majesty's per
son." Tbe officers, the Consuls and myself,
were then presented to the Queen, when she
was conducted with the Royal retinue ovtr the
ship by Hartstene. She manifested much In
terest in what she saw, and conversed with
much affability -with the commander on Arctic
matters, tne oincers awaiting upon tbe noble
ladies in attendance. Having examined the
main deck fore and aft, she then ascended and
took leave of those present, and on landing, re
ceived three rounds of cheers. The Queen re
mained on deck about an hour.
The night before the visit, the captain re
ceived an order to dine with the Queen at 8
o'clock, and to pass the night at Osborne. He
also received a not enclosing xiuo from tne
Que;n as a present to tbe crew, and the officers
were invited to visit the palace and gardens.
Throughout tbe whole company, Captain
Hartstene's bearing was most dignified and
courtly, and I am confident that the Govern
ment could not have selected any one who
would have performed these pleasing duties
more appropriately, or with greater credit to
the coutitry. You may rest assured that the
arrival of this vessel, and this singularly gra
cious visit of the Queen, will be productive of
the most beneficial results.
Such a compliment has never before been
paid to any country, ard I am convinced that
it will give as much pleasure and satisfaction
to thr people of England, as it will to Ameri
cans. There is the utmost enthusiasm every
where, ind one hears on all sides nothing but
expressions of btarty good will and friendship
immediately toiiowlng tbe Koyal visit, a
splendid lunch waa served in the ward-rooxi to
a number of naval military, and official gentle
men ; toas.s and speeches were made : and
among others I -was obliged to reply to compli
ments paid to 3'ou. Hardly an hour has pass
ed but that the officers have received invita
tions to dinner, ice, from public and private
individuals, scientific and literary societies,
clubs, Sic. It seems as if every one was trying
with each other who can do the most.
Capt. Hartstene, officers and crew, will leave
England in all probability a week from Satur
day next, the 20th j say the 28th inst. He is
very anxious for me to remain, as poor Lady
Franklin has set her heart upon having ns all
dine with her on Christmas, and has invited a
crowd of notabilities to meet us at Brighton
as every one leaves town during the Holidays,
I must say I am exceedingly gratified that I
was induced to remain and what will give me
more pleasure than anything else, will be to
tell you all that I have heard and seen on this
most interesting occasion, and that you may
. - - -
pressions with which your name is always
learn tnrougn me ot tne Kind and neartrelt ex
Your affectionate son,
NEW OSLEANS CHAHBEB OF C0MHEECE.
Tbe following is an extract from ths pro
ceedings of the New Orleans Chamber of
Commerce, on the evening of the 17th ult., elic
ited by an address to the Chamber by the
American Chamber of Commerce and ths Cot
ton Brokers' Association cf Liverpool :
Whereas, The American Chamber of Com
merce and the Cotton Brokers' Association of
Liverpool, England, have addressed to this
Chamber the following communication, to-wit :
Liverpool, October 23, 1S56.
To the Chamber of Commerce of Kew Orleans Mobile,
Charlttton and Savannah, end to all concerned in
the Cotton Trade cf the United States:
The magnitude and importance of the' com
merce of Great Britain with the United States
in the article of Cotton is sufficiently known,
and to those who are acquainted with the de
tails of tbe trade, it is a matter of satisfaction
t?iat the machinery by which tbe distribution
of so enormous a quantity of material is ef
fected, has, up to this time, worked to smooth
ly, owing to the honorable character of all con
cerned, from the Planter to the Manufacturer.
But, in order to sustain the character of the
trade, and to retain the mutual confidence which
has hitherto existed, it is essential -that every
sample of Cotton offered in the market should
fairly represent the quality of tha bulk from
which it is taken, as every deviation from this
rule tends to create distrust.
Of late, however, so many instances o! care
less packing have occurred, causing a discrep
ancy between tbe sample and the bulk, that
serious loss has been sustained both by the
Manufacturer and the Merchant, and it has
become a duty to call the attention, not only cf
the American Planters and Factors, whose re
putation is thereby injured, but also of the
trade generally, to the present growing increase
in the proportion of irregular and false packed
bales, and to invite their serious consideration
of tbe evils whicji must inevitably follow the
continuance of the practice, and to solicit their
assistance in checking it.
In most cses the irregular packing n only
discovered when the bale has reached its ulti
mate destination, and is opened by the Manu
facturer ; and the trouble, cost and inconven
ience of repacking and returning the bale, and
the trouble and difficulties which attend a pro
secution of his claim, have frequently induced
him to bear the loss in silence. Similar rea
sons have prevailed with the Merchant to suf
fer the loss resulting from such Cotton, return
ed by the Manufacturer, rather than retort to
the tedious and often useless process of seeking
redress against the Planter abroad.
It is on this account that so few instances
have occurred in which the real offender has
borne the consequences of bis neglect; and, pre
suming on this forbearance, the evil complain
ed of has, from carelessness or otherwise, in
creased to such an extent that, in a large pro
portion of shipments arriving in Liverpool,
instances of false or irregular packing are dis
covered, and occasionally whole parcels, con
sisting of twenty, fifty, and even one hundred
bales are found mixed in the bale, and some
times plated ; in other words, the outer layer,
from which the Bample is taken, is more or lees
superior in quality to the interior of the bale.
It is hoped that all parties will see the ur
gent necessity of promptly Co-operating to stop
and remove this serious and increasing evil,
which will otherwise disorganize the trade, and
destroy that mutual trust and confidence, with
out wbich sucn an extensive and important
branch of commerce cannot be carried on.
Signed, THOMAS SELLAR,
Prcs'l Am. Chamber of Commerce.
" THOMAS HAIGH,
Preset Cotton Brokers' Association.
And Whereas, tho evil complained of, as
testified to in the very temperate and friendly
communication referred to, and abundantly
corroborated by local testimony and observa
tion, has grown to such magnitude as loudly to
call for a remedy, it is, therefore, by the
Resolved, That it be recommended to the
Cotton Factors of this city, to whom, as this
Chamber is fully aware, the evil under consid
eration is a source of great annoyance, per
plexity, and frequently of loss, to distribute
printed copies of the Liverpool address and the
action of this Chamber thereupon, throughout
their constituencies, in the hope that it will
indues ta rreater care on the Dart of those
fault, nerhans. is carelessness and !
too great W in preparing their crops for j
market. .1 iC2iGnAT MARf!. about sixteen hands high, four
Resolved, That, as evidenco that the evil ; years old last spring. She has a small lump on her wiih
complained of in the Liverpool address hag not ers.abeutthsslxeor a large marble, caused by the saddle.
beeallowed wholly to pass without attention j
and remonstrance nerc, we point io me lact
that the editors of the New Orleans Price Cur
rent have reneatedly referred to the subject, in
a succession of recent years, and in their last
Annual Statement, (beptemuer 1st,) trie atten
tion of Planters was again earnestly called to
it, in an artiele of which the following is a
" Mixed Cotto-t. The frequent complaints
which we hear induce us to call the atten
tion of planters to the existence of an evif
which we have often before adverted, to, and
which loudly calls for a remedy. We allude
to the culpable negligence of many whose duty
it is to attend to the packing of Cotton, as
shown by the frequent discovery of mixed bahs,
viz bales found to contain two, three or more
qualities and colors. This negligence often
leads to vexatious reclamations, and sometimes
to expensive law suits, I'B it frequently bap-1
pens tnat tne discovery is not made until tne
Cotton reacnes tne Hand ot tne manufacturer,
at a distant market. But it also frcqmntly
happens that tbe discovery, is made here, by
drawing samples frbm'dlfiVrent parts of a bale.
In such cases the Cotton Is thrown back on the
factor's hands as unmerchantablt, and when re
sold as mixed Cotton the factor can seldom ob
tain more than the market value of-the oicetf
quality in the bale. Besides all this, when the
irregular packing is once discovered, as it ne-cessarily-must
belsomewhere, and at sometime,
it mrows discredit upon tne planters crop gen
erally, and thus operates to bis disadvantage.
aiDu iuuuuuccs contusion imu i uiusi iujui-
tant branch of trade, and one that can only be
conducted with facility and economy upon the
basis of good faith in the honesty and integri
ty ot me planter, mesa virtues oewg ac
corded to him he owes it to himself, to his fac
tor aud to his purchaser to exercise more care
and vigilance over those who have bis interests
in charge. We have adverted to this matter on
frequent occasions for years oast, but thus far,
it would seem, without effect : for the evil has
increased instead of diminishing, and probably
in no lormer year nas so large a proportion ot
ice crop been liable to tbe objection referred to.
At the special request of both factors and pur
chasers we earnestly call attention to tbe mat
ter again, and trust that this appeal will
awaken some attention, for In reality and in
truth the evil Is a serious one."
Rssolvtd, That in the case ot falsely packed
Cotton, "plated," and packed with evident In
tent to defraud wherever It be discovered, and
the marks are so preserved as to b identified,
it should, in the opinion of this Chamber, be
restored as nearly as possible to its original
condition, ana sent oacic until it reacnes tne
door of the packer, with all its accumulation
of expenses, it is to be presumed that many,
if not all, such cases originate in the malice or
dishonesty of employees, and the course re
commended would be likely to induce such vig
ilance on the part of the Planter as to guard
against tbe recurrence of acts involving his
good name and interest.
Resolved. That copies of the above preamble
and resolutions be forwardid to the American
Chamber of Commerce and the Cotton Brokers'
Association of Liverpool, with the friendly
greetings of this Chamber.
The foregoing bavin? been by the Chamber
unanimously adopted, it was, on motion, further
jusoivea, mat ten wousand copies of tne
Preamble and Resolutions be printed in Circu
lar form to be distributed among the factors,
to transmit them to their constituents and that
the same be published in one or more of tbe
A true copy from the Minutes.
CHS. J. MANSONI, Stc'y.
How the Slavery Question was met in
Pennsylvania by the Democratic Pasty
in the i.ate Election. Humphrev Mar
shall nf Vnf.,l-tr mil ha 11IIi.'m.iJ
in Congress, agree wonderfully in their assaults
upon the Democratic party. Marshall makes
an accusation and Udlusba A. Grow, a very
uiacK itepubiican, comes forward and offers
Himself as a witness to prove it. Of all Mar
shall's experiments, however, the most unwor
thy is the charge thf the Democracy of Penn
sylvania, in the late canvass, did not pursue a
consistent course on the Kansas issue ; and in
this, as we said yesterday, he imitates the ex
ample of Trumbull and hale in the Senate, in
their attacks upon Senator Bigler. Now there
is no man in the Union wbo had a better op
portunity to satisfy himself as to the course of
tbe Democratic party in the late canvass than
this same Humphrey Marshall. If he read the
papers with any degree of care, he must have
seen in no State, North or South, were the great
issues more thoroughly discussed than in Penn
sylvania, ana nownere did tne .Democratic par
ty occupy a more decided and unequivocal po
sition. It is true that there were Democrats
who expressed a wish that Kansas might be
free State, just as there Were Democrats in
otner sections xvbo expressed a wisb that Kan
sas might be a slave State: indeed it is of re
cord that many of tbe Southern members of
Ccr.PTPl. whil fhl Tvanwaw hill wan imflar iia-
j - - J
' cusslon in the House, prophesied that Kansas
would be a free State, but as to any proffer be
in made, in any authoritative manner, to con
ciliate fanaticism by promising that Kansas
snouid be a tree btate, we deny it, and call up
on Mr. Marshall or any other man to produce
any evidence to sustain such an allegation.
The Democratic party stood upon the great
principle of the bill, a.d for doing so were ac
cused by Mr. Marshall's present confederates,
the Grows, the Hales, and the Sorlingames, of
being.sold to the South, and of being committed
to the extension of slavery. Any public speak
er who attempted to show that the operation
of the principle asserted in the Kansas-Nebraska
actwould bring peace to both territo
ries, and if permitted to work without violent
interposition on either band, would result fa
vorably to the free States, was cuffed down aa
an imposter, ami denounced in terms of per
sonal abuse. Humphrey Marshall, as a South
ern man, snouid reel proud tnat Uie principles
of the Federal Constitution were so efficiently
defended in the late canvass in Pennsylvania;
he hould have the manliness to come for
ward and to avow that at no time had a great
issue been more boldly and more signally met;
but he preferred theotherposition, and rejoices
in being able to do injustice to the only national
party in existence, by calling toward to sup
port his assaults the very men whom he knows
to be solemnly and cruelly committed against
the people of the South. Ptitniyfcanton.
Representatives and Electors in 1S60.
The Philadelphia Bulletin estimates that the
representative population in 1860, throughout
tho Union, will be about 31,000,000, divided
as follows: Free States, 20,000,000; slave
States, 11,000,000. The number of renresen
tatives beins 234, the ratio of apportionment
will be about 132,000, and the House will con
sist of 151 representatives from free States,
and 83 from slave States. By the present ap
portionment, there are 144 from free States,
and 90 from slave States. The Bulletin dis
tributes the members as follows: Southern
States, 83 ; New England States, 23; Middle
States, (New York; New Jersey and Pennsyl
vania) 58 ; Western States, (including Cali
fornia and Minnesota,) 70. In case of the ad
mission into the Union of Kansas, Nebraska,
Oregon, Utah, or a new State from part of Tex
as, these figures will be somewhat modified, as
each new State will have at least one new
member, and the older States will lose in a cor
responding degree. If the calculations of the
Bulletin are correct, the Presidential Electors
for 1S60 will number 293, of whom 185 -will be
from free States, and 113 from slave States.
The Man who Didn't Lectd-re ros. Pay.
The New York Trioune relates the following
dialogue between an illustrious ex-Senator, who
is bent on lecturing without pay, and the chair
man of a lecture committee :
Chairman Col. B., wbat shall we pay you
for your lecture last evening?
Lecturer Sir, I don't lecture for pay. I have
a very different motive.
Chairman Certainly, we fully understand
that. But we cannot consent that you should
come to us at your own cost. For what sum
shall I fill up a check for your expenses ?
Lecturer You may make it two hundred
dollars. But I wish it distinctly understood
that I don't lecture for money."
Dr. Elisha K. Kane. We deeply regret to
learn that this indefatigable explorer, whose
fame fills the civilized world, is now lying quite
ill ?.t Havana. His many friends and admir
fd will deeply regret to learn that his health
is in a critical condition, and sincerely hoDe
that he may yet recover and live to enjoy the
rich harvest of fame and honor he has so fair
ly won. Pennsyltanian.
Gas Statistics. During the year 1850, in
Philadelphia, the quantity of gas manufactured
at all the gas works in the city, under the Tru- j
tees, has amounted to four hundred and thirty- !
four millions of cubic feet. Total lights sup
plied by all the works, 332,556. During the
same period, there has been laid 49,991 feet of
street mains. The entire length of mains be
longing to tne trust is 1,132,018 feet, or some
thing over 214 miles.
WHO has had twenty years' experience In Alabama,
wishes a situation, no has two good Field Hands,
a Negro Man and a Negro Woman, to go with him. Ad
dress ArrEAi. Orricc, Memphis.
Strayed or Stolen.
asaiioTaiiy rewarueu oy tne snoicriDer.
LaGracge,Jan. 10, 1857. rt. H. FALLS
Removal Notice 7
DR. E. P. WATSON has removed his of3catoNo.il
Madison street, over A. J. Menttomery!
PIANOS! PIANOS I
WT. are now offering the largest and best selected
stock of Pianos ever brought to this city, which
will be sold low very lew.
Jang-lw WINSTON, CHURCHILL & CO.
Enquirer and Ivralng News copy all the above
AND deposited ta Xewov k. V. T lnrV
Stable onlhursday. tbe 1st inst.. a ier vr.rsa
I M0IS. whlih the owner can have by proving
eproperty aad paying eharzes
Jan7-lw prsfscfe3 JOHN MAGEVNET.
uk. u. CHIDS&T would inform hts
friends that he haa returned to the city,
wlthaTarg: assortment of Dental mats.
rial, and is better nrcuared.than ever to
FWtora operates catluTeeU, .JanlC-4t
"TTT2 em now supply this very df ifble article.
r t jai5
3. E H1SRRIMAN Sc. CO.
WE itrp ertry r.rletj of Spectacles that are to he
had to. any market. Wo hare jnit reertred a ry
larse addition to oar stock.
1. y.. JtitltRlJfAN tc CO.
ALL KINDS W hiTt Jrm arM4 to one pTrfousIy
larse stock ot these foods.
J"16 ' J. E. MURRIVAK Sr. CO.
ANEW ajsartnitnt Jest receired.
Jal6 J. X. JIKaBIMAir & CO.
CIOME Tery substantial and bcaotllcl articles of this
Mod now for sala by us.
J. E. MICBRIIUN- k. CO.
"Valuable Isanti i'or Sale.
I 0F7ER for sale a Talaabbt tract f Land. site.
atrd in PsTftta and Haywood counties, osaUlalns
about 1800 acres, be Is; the tr.ict of Land on which
B B. DedraTenreid restdnl atthatimt ef his
death. The Land wUI be dliHei to unit purchasers. It
Is situated near tbe ilempbls aad Oklo Railroad, and Is
rezanld aa ejnat to any tract ot the six: In Paystte.
Purchasers are tBTlted to come and examine It. Terms of
sale will b- liberal. X, ply to me at jny residence In Pay
ette, or to CalTin Jones, or W. A. WiUlamson, at Saner
Til e. n. E. DeGRAPP E:N'REID. Executor.
HI TIE subscribers respectfully la Torn thtlr old friends and
JL all tae public, that laer care oiMned a new fiesta
rant on Colon street, when they ara prepared to fnrutsa
tse nest cranas tnat can M found in tbe market, served
In the best Parisian styl's. Oysters Game, Steaks, Silt
ana Fresh water jrisn. Birds in fun, eserythiai suited
to me nast ana sosi aencate epicurean taste.
Glee us a call We have six different rooms for the ac
commodation of Private Parties. We will not be outdone
In any branch connected with bur bulness.
JM6-tf UEXPKRWOLP &. GITTER.
MELT0X IX MARKET
nATUTG- positively determined to
chuce nr location and .business.
think IoSer for sole the best Plantaiion
la this section of country, Ijln? 1 mrles
t oi Somervti e. and f ronttnx upon
the main MempLts Road, containing
about 600 acres tojether with my Negroes, (reserving a
few House Servants,) Stock of every kind, alt of which is
impioved; seme at nnailole as there are in the country.
Corn, Podder, Oats, Hay, (both Clover ana Gra s,) Wsg
ons and Carts, both. for Mules and Oxen, an ejtceBent and
creat variety of Panning lmplemsts, elfht fine varlties
of Cotton, Household and Ktehn Furniture. The sale
will take place on the premues, ou SATURDAY, the 7th
day of Peeruary next.
A description, to do jBslieo to ti e property, osnld not
cleverly bo compressed within the compass of cf an ordi
nary advert seraent.
This tract ot Land contains Can Bottom and nsland.
both open and woodland, all in JooJ heart. Tie hillsides
evtn, that were once wasbd and zuIUed, are now produ
cing an craps cf Clover, Grass, Wheat,
a oxm, aotton,
Oat, anything that is planted upon them; a never
failm: Creek runnlrg throush the riantatien; two Wells
ot fine water, one 30 and the other 39 feet diep ; an Or
chard of the most choice Apples ; Cm House, two stories
high, 63 by 3t feet, with pree s aud lint room under the
same roof ; an Ice Heusethat keeps Ice the year thiouih;
Subles for twenty Males; Crisi larxe and well con
structed. Indeed, every imprevetrent has been made by
me, with an eye to comfort, convenience and permanency.
My Cattle are nearly all crossed with the Durham Milk
Stock; my Hogs are of the very best Berkshire, Grasier,
tna common stock In the country.
This preperty, aU In a fine state cf preservation, czn be
added to, by laud In like coaditjos, If 'he tract is not large
enoagh, and on favorable terms. My Gin Stand and run
nissgssraresspenor; I have a 23-ineh Horse MOt. and
ose ot the best Cotton Whlppers I ever saw. Great
pleasure wiU be taken by ate in shewing all the property
to these desirini to purchase.
My terras win he easy, nd mads known ob the day of
J-Pout3km given imra -dial el v.
H. J. CAXXOX.
January 13. ISS7-jartlE-datw4t:w2t
SWAN & GO.'S LOTTERIES.
Capital Prize 50,000.
THE following Scheie will be drswn by 3. SWAN Sc
CO.. Managers of th- FORT GAINK3 ACADBMT
LOTTKEr. of Geerala. and the SOCTHERK MILITARY
ACADBMT LOTTERY-, of Alabama, In each of their
lotteries ror eoruary, isa..
o Xi -a. ss s- o ,
To be drawn In tua City of JiOBILZ, Alabama, In
public, en SATRDAT, Pebinary 7th, 1S37.
To be drawn In the City ot Atlantn, Georgia, in pablle.
on TDUR3DAT, ytbruary lSlh, 1S57.
To be drsvn in the city of Atlanta, Georgia, la public, cn
SA71TRDAT, February 2tfa, 1Si7, on the plan of
Single fivi&m&ers .
8.20O Triases : !
Moro than One Prize to Every Ten
THIRTT TH0US1SD TICKETS !
1 lrlee of &SO.009 is S&O.OOO
1 " 20,000 is SS.OuO
i io.ooo is io.coo
1 " 9.000 is 9.000
1 - S,0.H l 8.000
1 " 7,600 1 7.000
1 " C 000 is 6,000
1 " 5,800 is 6 000
1 " 4 000 11 4 COO
1 " 3,800 Is 3.000
1 " 2 000 li 2.000
i " i.eae is l.ooo
W IBS art 10.000
100 ' M m 5,000
L IOO " 20,000 600
4 iea " 10,000 400
4 " 89 9,0 " 349
4 . " 65 " 8900 " 160
4 " 60 " 7.CTO " aj
4- " 5 6,090 120
SB " 5.0M " 280
4 " 4S 4,000 " ISO
4 " 49 " 3 0u0 ' 1M
4 - Z1 " 3 090 120
4 " 36 " 1,000 " 1D0
3,000 " 20 are 69,(00
3,250 prliea amounting to J 11,000
Whole Tickets, 810 ; Halves, 85 OO
quarters, 82 50.
Pt.AX OF THE X.OTTERI'.
The Numbers from I to 3D GOO, corresponding with those
.N metiers un tne TKiets printed cn separate slips of pa.
per, are encircled with small tin tnbes and placed In one
The first 212 Prli-s. simila'ly prinieu and encircled, are
pueeu in anoio-r wneei.
The wheels are then revolved, and a number is drawn
Trora the "wheel ot numbers, and at the same time a Prize
1. drawn from the other whe 1. The Number and Prise
drawn otrt are opened and exhibited to toe audience, and
registered by the Cornmissbuerii tl.e PiU- being placed
against tnf Ii umber drawm This operation is repeated
until all uis irises are drawn out.
ArrrtoxistATiox Phizes. The I wo preceding and tbe
two succeeding .Nnmbcra tu those Irswing the first 12
Prizes -will be entitled tt the 43 Approximation Piizes, ac-
coraiBC to tne sencne.
J3 The 3,000 Prises of $S0 will be drtermlaed by the
last ngure of the number that draws th SeO.OOO Prise.
For example. If the Nora ten drawing $30,800 Prise ecds
with JTo. 1, then all tho Tickets where the number ends
In 1 wiU be entitled to i20. If tbe Number ends with
No. 2, then all the Tickets where the aumeor ends in i
will be entitled to $23, and so on to 0.
Certificate of Packages will be i!J at the following
rates, wctcn js tnerisE:
Certificate ot Pae&igeof 10 Whole Ticket S0 00
" " 10 Half " 40 00
" " 18 Quarter " 20 00
In ordering Tickets or Certificate), enclose the money
to our aalrt for ths Tickets orneroi.on receiptor which
they wilt b- forwarded by first mill, purchasers can
have Tickets ecdiag In any ngure tb-r mtj d slgoate.
The list of drawn numbers and prises wffl be foiward'
ed to purchasers Immediately after the drawing.
Purchasers will please write their signatures plain, and
givexneirposl oajce, uounty and state.
S3" Remember that every Prise is drawn and payable
In full without deduction.
3" All Prises of $1,000 and under, paid Immediately
after the drawing other Prizes t,t the ustal time cf
t3 All communicatlscs strictly confidential.
fi- Prise Tickets cashed or renewed 1a ath.e Tlrkets
at eit.ler office.
Addres orders for Tickets or Certificates of Packages ot
nereis enter to .
S. SWAN & CO., Atlanta, Ga., or
isnI6 S. SWAN. Montgomery. Ala.
ADAMS & CO.'S
EXPRESS & ACC03DI0DATI0X WAC0X
GB. LOCKS takes this method of informing the
merchants and the public that he has started an
ACCOMMODATION WAGON, and will be ready at ail
times to takepackages tu any part ot the ci.y or vieiaity.
S3" All ordeii left al his store will be promptly attenl
ed to. JanlS
V-v MT BLaCX UORsK, with Baggy Harness on.
got out of my premises last evening. Anyper
sen Ilndlnr the saKI llorse will please bring him
to my residence on Union street, and oblLte
janl5-tf W. CRANK, City Engineer,
f FROM the subscriber, on Tuesday evening,
KCSjimurv 13th, dark rone MUSTANG MARK
k FOXKT, with saddle and tridle on. Anyone
taking saHPoney, or giving information so that I c:
get her, will be liberally rewarded.
z. n. Moocr,
JanlS-tf Corner Deal and Hernando streets.
Fine Cypress Timber for Sale,
TN Dyer County, within two miles ot the Mississippi
JL river. Into which It can bi easily United. Addre the
undersigned immediately at Djersburg, Tenn.
JanIS-daw2w a. It. LATrA.
Teacher -Wan ted.
THK Trustees of the Ripley Male .lcademy wish to se
cure the services of a Teacher tii take charge of the
Academy in this place. No one neel apply bat a thor-
ocgh scholar. A man of rami y, and one who would be
come permanent, would be preferred, provided the school
be profitable. The school wuuld be irorth about 91,000
per annum. Address P T. GLAS3,Seey, c.
Kipley, Tenn., Jan. v, it7 janiovim
To the Patrons of the Commircialllotel
TJtEELING very grateful to a liberal and generous pub-1
X" lie tor their support in wnaiever Diaacnes or Busi
ness I have been engaged here, I desire to render my ac
knowledgments mors especially for their aepport ot this
establishment, and for the quiet and cod order ay guests
have enabled ms to preserve in it. '
The license for rttalllng'splrltuons liquors at the bar
having expired. It-will, In 'deference. Io the law,be closed
from and after this day. !). COCXRSLL,
;ault-tt Proprietor Commercial Hotel,
GREAT . ATTRACTION I
"WATCHES, JEWELRY, &C,
IHAYE on hand a Try large and chole stltcilontf
Watches. Clocss, Jewslry, Plated Ware, Cutlery, fcc,
which Iim teUln; at auction erery oiint, and at j rival)
saloaoriBR ic aay. arsry arucn so.a wsrra-5-aa
Purchasers ot snch foods wm do well to caB and exsxa
lneny stock. O. B. LOCK!,
Jsnl3-tr Auctioneer aad Keal Esuta B.-uxir.
$15,000 Worth of WaUh8, Jewelry &e.
OS' MONDAT xrxNIKG, I wul sea, at my Asettoa
Rooms, a very large and choice selection of Watches,
Clocks, Jewelry, Cutlery, Pancy Goods, Musical luatra
ments, Plated Ware, Diamonds, Blc This embrace the
greateit variety and the larjeit stoci ever offered by n
In tbl city. The aale will be continued every nliht du
ring the week. Private sales dcrlsg the day.
Tee pnbiie are invited to call and examine the articles,
and attend the sales. G. B. LOCK J,
jsnll-lw Auctioneer and Real Estate Broker.
Chancery Bale of Valuable Real
PBRSTJAXT to a Decree of the Chancery Court at Mem
phis, rendered November Terra, 1BSS, In tho easoc!
Wesley Blakemore vs. Sarah Carnthera and Ida Carala-
ers, widow and heir ef James H. Carsthsrs, ueecauJ, X
SATURDAY, J ANTART 31st, 1557,
In front ef my ofSce. In the city ot Memphis, proceed to
sell to the highest bidder, the following valuable Real Ra
tals, IJiai near tne oily or Mempals, tov wit : ose-hal
of a certain Tract or parcel ot Land, situated la dLelty
connty, Tennessee, near the city of Memphis, known as4
uestgnaieu on im map oi Lou laid orr it s. s. Todd fee
WUlougnny Williams, as iota Xos. 7f and 77, on the Her
nanlo Road, beginning at a stake on the North side t
Walter street, and the West sids ot the Hernando Road,
running thence North witn the line of said Hernando
Road sixteen chains and thirty-seven links to a stake at
point opposite to where the North side of WHiama Av
enue Inters sets the Hemaado Road, thence -West with Uu
line of W and J. Huberts' let one chain and seveaiy
seven links to the East side ef Orleans street, them
South with the East lias ef Orleans street feurteem
chaias and seventy links to a stake, at the corner of
Walker street, thence East witi the rise ot Walker
street eight chains and eighty-one links to tho
beginning, containing seven aad one-half acre. Tha
said ene-half thereof being thelnterestownedthsrelnby
James IL Caruthers.
Said Tract or parcel ot Land win be tndlvide4 lof)
two eoaal parcels, and the portion allotted to Estate vt
James H. Caruthers wi!l sold in Lou of convenieat
sue to suit purehas ers, a plan of which win be exhibited
on the day of sale.
Terms of Sate The above mentioned Real Estate wffl.
be sold oa a credit ot seven months, purchaser to execute,
band with approved security, aad a hen retained on tae
Sale at 11 o'clock A.M.
Janl-dawtd JOHN C. LANIIR, O. fc M.
CHANCERY SALE OF A
Corner of Linden and St. Hartin Sts.
PURSUANT to a decree of the Chancery Cc-srt at Mem
phis, rendred November Teim. la the case ot
Thomas U. Phillips and wife, Enen Phillips, Margaret
McGinn's and others, heirs of A. B. MoGlnnis, dee'd. es
parto petition to sell Real Estate and Slaves, I wnt oa
Saturday, January 31st, 1857,
In front ef my eSce in the etty of Memphis, proceed t
sail to the highest bidder,
A Valuable Lot in South. Memphis,
Situated on the Southwest corner ot Linden and St. Mar
tin streets. Said Lot fronts on South side of lindem
street 63.S feet, and runs back with St. Martin street oa
Mttt side IIS feet to sn alley.
Terns cf Scle. One-third of purchase money la caaaj
balance la equal instalments at one and two years, wlta
Interest from date. Parch iter to execute xotes with ap
proved ucarrty for the deferred payments. -
At the same time and place. In pursuance cf saiddecre.
I will sell to the highest bidder for Cash, a valuable Ngra
-Woman namtd Jane, belonging u said estaU.
Sale to commence at II o'clock, A. M.
dec3Wawtd Clerk and Master.
Trustee's Sale of Real Estate.
SU In pursuance of a Deed of Tnst executed to zm
EnSaby Wm. Walker for the benefit of Wm. Richard
SWsan Hunt, dated on the sixth day of February.
eighteen hundred and fifty-five, and duly recorded.
In the lie filter's office of the county of 'JheibJv and Stata
ot Tennessee, in Book No. 19,pagea 16$, 167 and l$!s, oa
March 2It, lSi. I will proceed to sell for cash, at pibka
sale. In front of B. Locke's Auction House, east side
ot Main street, Memphis, Tennessee, at 11 tck-ck, ui
SATCRDAT, the lithof February, A. D. ISiT, the fal
Xiot of Grouncl,
with the improvements thereon, to wit : Beginning at a
stake on tbe east We of Bavbum street, at W. T. Avety'a
(now R. A. Parker's) southwest corner; thence south,
with said atreet four hundred feet and six inches (400 V
feet) to a stake; I hence east seven hundred and slxty-ona
feet and six inches (751 K feet) to a stake en Park's ave
nae; thence north with said avenue four hundred leet aul
six laches (400 H feet) to a stake at the said W T. Avery'e
(now x. A. Parker's) southeast comer; theaoe with said
W. T Avery's (now R. A. Parker's) south tes, west
seven hundred and sixty-one feet and six inches. (781 H
feet) to the beginning, containing iseven acres (I acres);
being the north half ot Lot No. 199, laid off by WiBeugh
by Williams, south of and near the city of Memphis, and.
the same that was seeded to Wq Joyner by IT. L. Galea
on the 3d dsy ef April, 13S2, and registered in the Regis
ter's eaee of Shelby county, Tenn-, In Bock 10, psjesNo.
304 aad 396. on the 7th day of May, 1532, and also deeted
by Wm. Joyner to Wm. Richardson Hunt, cn the CUt eg
January. 1551, and by said Hunt deeded to Wm. Walker.
Ihe title to the above properly Is undisputed, hut I
convey only such title as Is vested In me as Trustee.
Z -jolty ot lederaptkm Is waived by tbe terms ef tha Det
of Trust. J. D. WILLIAMS, Trustee.
Memphis. January 10th, lSS7-Janlltds
GREATEST WONDER YET!
SIAMESE TWINS OUTDONE!!
ON exhibition for one week longer at Levy's Old Auc
tion Haute, No. 2S Front Row, tha
A fun grown and well developed Calf, having beta,
mala and female developments, and also having
two before and four behind. This Is one of the greatest
natural curiosities of the age. Jaat!-dlw-
SOW IS THE TIME TO GET BARGAINS
Mazctav of Fasliion!
IK order to rolace our Winter Stock, aud make room for
a large Spring Stock, we have determined to dose out
the balance ot our Winter Goods at Cask Psicxx.
We have on hand cow a good assortmtnt of fine Drees
SHks and Worsted Dress uoods. X large stock of Cloaks
and Talmas, Embroideries, Laces, Rieoons, Trimmings,
Donnets, Flowers and Feathers,
all te be closed out within the next four weeks at Cost
This is an opportunity seldom oft red to the Ladles ta
buy choice goods at cost. tTe invite all in want ot th
above gooda to call soon at
. Z. BARINDS Jl CO.'S,
Janll-lw 233 Main street.
Just Received, This Day,
Q0J1BI Styles of DsLaines. Prints, Flannels, ka.
O Also, Sxtleton and other Hooped Skirts, Elastie
Belts, long Shawls, ie. X. BARINDS tt CO.,
Janll-lw 233 Main street.
TU3T received, a splendid s sierra eat ot various klsdi
J of improved SrzOTACLES.
Optician, Watch Maker aad Jeweler,
Maditon Street, between Main and Front Raw,
Opposite Citlsens Bank, Memphis, T&sa.
These celebrated Glasses are groumd on the sxart rrin-
cipie of Spherical Accuracy, of a concavxeavez mtrrur
form, admirably adapted to the organ ef sight, can ba
used to pursue the most minute employarjent, either br
day or candle light, with perfect ease to tha eye, aad
nevy causes that giddiness of the hesd, or painful een
salion In the eyes, that many experience in using tha
coramsn Spectacles, but strengthen and improvo tha
sight, as will be seen from the following testimonials:
.FrcK Hon. A. Johnson, Ctr. of 'i enit.
Mr C. Mcixr Sir; Having fully tested the merit
ot your Improved Spectacles, I io not hesitate to say
that they excel any I have gver tried, and find the pecu
liar manner in which they are ground, obviates the pfo
I nave frequently experienced in using other spectaeUa.
frort Dr. Barton, of Sea Orleans.
rjioxTitu, Tex., Jane 23th, 13SS.
Mb. O Muixer. Optician Dear Sir: The g!aaseavt
have prepared for ma exceed Indistinctness and brilliancy
ef vision any I have ever used. The principle ot a focus
accommodated to every motion of the eye, is invaluable,
as it prevents fx time to the organ, and does not impair
vision. The beautiful transparency of the glass, with It
great hardness, gives a durability which is invaluable to
these having a constant demand for them.
These improvements are recommendations for their us
highly meriting public patronage.
ery respectfully, your obedient servant.
G. H. BARTON, M. D., of ST. O.
Ttom Bon. A. McClelland, Ex-Member of Conarm.
Ms. C. Mcxxxx Sir: I find your glasses ta be far su
perior to those la common use. A. McOLSLLANS.
.Tretn Hon. If". H. Humphrtus. Jodie ef the Teieral
I have tried Mr. Muller'a spectacles. I consider then,
altogether superior to the spectacles commonly used.
W. H. HUMPHR5T3.
TrotnSaml.R Rodgers, Senalorfron Knox and Riima
Mo. C. Mcuxx Sir : I take great pleasure is stating
tbe public that I am using your Improved Spectacles wills
perfect satisfaction, both by daylight and candlelight. X
consider them a valuable improvement.
SAM. R. R0DGZR3.'
G. H. Kyle, Jackson, Tenn.
Thomas Gamew-II, Jackson, Term.
Hon. John Read,
T. B. Woodfolk, M. D., Cotton Grove, Tenn.
W. W. Hawkins, Brownsville, Tenn.
Wm. C. Bruce. M. D., "
Mayor A. M. Shaw, SomervlHe, Tenn.
Wm. H. Poindexter, "
The Spectacle Lens in common use, termed double con
vex, have but one focus, and that being In the centre, ad
mits of a perlect vision only through the centre. Now a
the eyes, la relllng from side to side, depsrt from thla
point, it is affrcted by the distortion! incident and
plons in weak eyes fatigue and pain, and in strong eye
a Domreqneoiuia-ge or glass for those cf higher power,
than la caused by the simple Sattenlsz ef tha era br am:
or, to use the language ot many, they make tha ey grow
older. Could ths glass be attached to the eye, so as to
move with It, or the head be made ta turn and unnna.
date the sight, while the eyes remain fixed, the double
convex lens would not be so objectlonsble. But as neither
or mesa pians coma ne very well accompli ihed, aa carter
method to remedy this Important defect in all hitherto
construe ed helps to the defective human vision la desira
ble. This end la obtained In these glasses, which, having
not oaly central focus, but. for all practical purpee ee, one
throughout, the objection above named is obviated, as they
will enable ths wearer to perceive objects at. every -angla
of vision, with, all the correctness, ot the natural healths